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NYPL RESEARCH LIBRAR ES 



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THE 



NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 



PRESENTED BY 




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MAKERS OF AMERICA SERIES 



MAKERS OF AMERICA 



BIOGRAPHIES OF LEADING 
OF THOUGHT AND ACTION 



THE MEN WHO CONSTITUTE THE BONE AND SINEW 
OF AMERICAN PROSPERITY AND LIFE 



VOLUME II 



By 

LEONARD WILSON, 
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF 



ASSISTED BY 



PROMINENT HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL WRITERS 



Illustrated with many full page engravings 



B. F. JOHNSON, INC. 

CITY 9F WASHINGTON, U. S. A. 

1916 






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AND 



Copyright, 1916 

by 
B. F. Johnson, Inc. 



FOREWORD 

THE favor so liberally accorded by the public to the first 
volume of "Makers of America" encourages the publishers to 
hope that this, the second, may be received with equal apprecia- 
tion and approval. 

The volume now offered contains some ninety biographical 
sketches. Although necessarily somewhat brief, an effort has 
been made, in each case, to give information sufficient to show 
the character and worth of the individual, the main incidents in 
whose career are recounted. 

The sketches appearing herein are mainly of those who have 
done some of the noble work of the world in the States of Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina. In pursuance of the plan adopted in 
the compilation of this work it has been found both desirable 
and necessary to group in the same volume, so far as practicable, 
sketches of those located in the same geographical area. 

As was stated in the foreword of the first volume, no 
specific requirement is demanded for admission to the ranks of 
"Makers of America." It is held that if this series of books is 
to accomplish the good intended in the inception of the work, 
the sketches should not be confined to those prominent in public 
life but should include those who, by uprightness of life and 
distinction achieved by self-denial, perseverance and loyalty, 
have made a record that would tend to "point a moral" for the 
encouragement and benefit of present and future generations. 

It has been the aim of the publishers to produce in this 
work condensed biographies of such character that a study of 
them cannot well be made without profit. If that result is 

attained, apart from the main purpose of placing upon perma- 

[5] 



(I FOREWORD 

nent record an account of the life and work of some of those 
who have contributed in no small measure to the greatness of 
these United States, the publishers will feel that their task has 
been successfully accomplished. 

While considerable genealogical research, touching the 
families here represented, has been made, complete family his- 
tories could not, of course, be included in a volume of this size 
and scope. In many of the cases, however, sufficient has been 
written to outline the principal characteristics of the various 
families. 

In these days of pseudo wisdom, some there are who decry 
the value of a pedigree and who tell us that, however desirable 
its possession may be as an asset of value in the case of one of 
the lower animals, it is utterly worthless when considered in 
connection with human kind. History teaches plainly that the 
individual is as his ancestors were, but changed and modified by 
a later environment and by the result of his own personal efforts 
and energy. There is really no such thing as a self-made man. 
If there is a certainty in the world, it is that one inherits the 
virtues and failings of his ancestors their tastes, their mental 
power, their moral tendencies and even their physique. Hence 
the study of genealogy is fraught with profit in that it empha- 
sizes the fact that the blessings resulting from the practice of 
virtue, and the harm which follows indulgence in evil, are both 
transmitted to our descendants and become the heritage and 
fixed possession of future generations. We all o\ve far more to 
our progenitors than most of us realize or are willing to acknowl- 
edge. An honorable ancestry is a most precious possession, and 
should be a source of just pride and gratification to all right- 
thinking people. Gratitude to our ancestors should incite us to 
the assiduous cultivation of our inherited virtues, that we may 
transmit them, augmented, to our posterity. 

LEONARD WILSON,, 

Editor-in-Chief. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOLUME I VOLUME II 
PAGE PAGE 

ADAMS, WALTER JONES 150 

BABINGTON, KOBERT BENJAMIN 608 

BAKER, DR. JULIAN MEREDITH 558 

BAKER, RALEIGH JAMES 425 

BALDWIN, KOBERT ARCHER 512 

BALLANCE, JOHN HENRY 585 

BATTLE, DR. SAMUEL WE STRAY 463 

BEARD, PETER BRYCE 318 

BECKWITH, JAMES FRANCIS 147 

BELL, JAMES RANDALL KENT 523 

BELLAMY, JOHN DILLARD 435 

BEVERLEY, JAMES BRADSHAW 117 

BILL. DAVID SPENCER 165 

/ 

BIRD, WILLIAM WALLACE 466 

BOLTON, CHANNING MOORE 171 

BOUTWELL, WILLIAM ROWE 179 

BOWDOIN, DR. JOHN WILLIAM 148 

BOWEN FAMILY, THE 489 

BOWLES, WILSON WESLEY 553 

BOXLEY, JAMES GARLAND 142 

BRADHAM, CAPT. CALEB DAVIS 428 

BRANCH, CHRISTOPHER CARY 471 

BRINSON, SAMUEL MITCHELL 588 

BROWN, WILLIAM WALLACE 90 

BRYAN, JUDGE HENRY RAVENSCROFT 46 

BRYAN, JAMES AUGUSTUS 535 

BURRUSS, MRS. MARGARET WALTER DEY 394 

BURRUSS, NATHANIEL 386 

CARPENTER, JAMES CLUVERIUS 187 

CHADBOURN, ARTHUR STANLEY 574 

CHANCELLOR, SAMUEL CLEVELAND 201 

[7] 



8 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOLUME I VOLUME II 
PAGE PAGE 

CHESTER, CHARLES THOMAS 373 

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON 206 

CHICHESTER, RICHARD HENRY LEE 204 

COLE, GEORGE HENRY PHILLIP 61 

COLES, PEYTON SKIPWITH 155 

COOPER, THOMAS HENRY 375 

CORLEY, JOHN GREENE 216 

COVER, JESSE REESE 529 

COVINGTON, THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT. . . . 327 

Co WART, SLATER 532 

DAVIDSON, DR. CHARLES HYDE 512 

DELANO, WILLIAM JOSEPH 595 

DICK, JOHN EMMETT 562 

DICKINSON, ROBERT WALTER 210 

DICKINSON, JAMES HATLER 540 

DOBIE, LUCAN IRENE 332 

DOBYNS, THOMAS MITCHELL 551 

DUNSMORE, JAMES GASTON 222 

EARLY, SAMUEL HENRY 381 

EBERWINE, JOHN GEORGE 233 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH LITTLETON 32 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH NICHOLAS 25 

EDMUNDS, MRS. ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE ... 38 

EGGLESTON, JOSEPH DUPUY 236 

ELLIOTT, KEMP BERNARD 243 

FAULKNER, CHARLES JAMES 81 

FITZGERALD, HARRISON ROBERTSON 329 

GILL, HOWARD WINFIELD 77 

< ILASGOW, FRANK THOMAS 53 

GODWIN, CHARLES BERNARD 176 

GOODWYN, COL. EDWARD EVERARD 480 

GRADY, HENRY ALEXANDER 240 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM WISTAR 474 

HANCOCK, RICHARD 341 

HARGRAVE, JESSE HAMLIN 366 

HENDERSON, JOHN STEELE 250 

HICKS, R. RANDOLPH 389 

HILLMAN, JAMES NOAH 81 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOLUME I VOLUME II 

PAGE PAGE 

HILLMAN. NANCY SUSANNA 85 

x 

HINTON, CAPT. JOHN BRAXTON 182 

HOLLADAY, HENRY THOMPSON, JR 219 

HOPKINS, JOHN GUTHRIE 339 

HORSLEY, DR. JOHN SHELTON 267 

HOUSTON, MARTIN 452 

HUFF, BALLARD PRESTON 249 

HUTCHESON, HERBERT FARRAR 441 

IVIE, ALLAN DENNY 91 

JAMES, WILBERT THEODORE 549 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 193 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM EDWARD 189 

KENDIG, DR. EDWIN LAWRENCE 454 

KENT, CHARLES WILLIAM 55 

KING, CHARLES HENRY 160 

KING, WALTER WILLIAM 97 

KING, DOCTOR FRANKLIN 393 

LAWRENCE, LLOYD JENNINGS 97 

LEAKE, THOMAS CRAWFORD 603 

LEE, ERASTUS LITTLETON 102 

LEEDY, ROBERT FRANKLIN 254 

LESTER, HENRY CLAY 226 

LLOYD, ABBOTT EDWARD, SR 342 

LONG, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN 588 

Lucus, DANIEL BEDINGER 28 

LUTTRELL, HUGH MONTGOMERY 555 

LYMAN, A. HUNT 377 

MCLAURIN, LAUGHLIN BUIE 541 

MANSON, RICHARD WILKINS Ill 

MAPP, GEORGE RICHARD 263 

MASSEY, JOHN E., DR 293 

MASSEY, WILLIAM WALTER 296 

MEADE, JULIAN 75 

MEARS, OTHO FREDERICK 266 

MITCHELL, ROLAND GREENE 234 

MOFFETT, JOHN DANIEL 129 

MOFFETT, JOHN ROBERTS 135 

MOFFETT, WILLIAM WALTER 123 



10 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOLUME I VOLUME II 
PAGE PAGE 

MONROE, EDWARD R 19 

MOORE,, REV. HIGHT C 517 

OAKLEY, NEWTON Z 114 

PAGE, ROBERT NEWTON 483 

PARRISH, CAPT. EDWARD JAMES 270 

PATTERSON, JOHN LEGERWOOD 283 

PEEBLES, JOHN DUDLEY 118 

PERROW, CHARLES MATTHEW 449 

PERRY, JOSEPH WILLIAM 350 

PITTMAN, REDDEN HERBERT 346 

PLUMMER, HENRY LYNE 171 

POLK, TASKER 565 

POTTER, THOMAS HARRY 401 

POWELL, FILMORE MADISON 401 

PRESSLEY, WILLIAM WALTER 73 

PRINCE, DR. DANIEL MALLOY 504 

PRITCHARD, JUDGE JETER CONLEY 440 

QUICK, SPENCER RECORD 404 

QUICK, WALTER JACOB 411 

RAGLAND, JOSEPH EDWARD 573 

RANDOLPH, VIRGIL PATRICK 414 

REED FAMILY, THE 125 

REESE, EMMETT FRANCIS, JR 422 

REESE, WILLIAM PENN 488 

REVELL, OLIVER DAVIS 199 

ROBINSON, EDWARD TRENT 300 

ROSE, DAVID JEPTHA 359 

SEBRELL, JAMES EDWARDS 428 

SELLERS, THEODORE NAPOLEON 363 

SETTLE, THOMAS LEE 87 

SHEAHAN, JOHN JOSEPH 357 

SHEPHERD, JAMES LEFTWICH 497 

SLATER, GEORGE M 309 

SMITH, CHARLES ALPHOXSO 66 

SMITH, HENRY Louis 458 

SMITH, MRS. MARY JANE BENNETT 67 

SMITH, MAJOR WILLIAM ALEXANDER 56 

SOUTHGATE, THOMAS SOMERVILLE 434 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 11 

VOLUME I VOLUME II 

PAGE PAGE 

STEARNES, ORREN LEWIS 301 

STEDMAN, MALVERN VANCE 49 

STONE, ERNEST LOVE 295 

SURRATT, ISAAC WEBB 159 

SWEARENGEN, JAMES 500 

THOMAS, DE Los 289 

THOMAS, WILLIAM EDWARD 130 

THORNTON, WILLIAM ERNEST MELVILLE 280 

TILGHMAN, CAPT. THEODORE WILSON 306 

TRAVIS, WILLIAM THOMAS 365 

UPSHUR, WILLIAM MAJOR 578 

WALKER, JAMES ERNEST 506 

WALKER, CHARLES HENRY 137 

WALLACE, ALEXANDER WELLINGTON 41 

WALLER, ABSALOM 523 

WALLER, EGBERT EMMETT 529 

WALSH, WILLIAM WALTON 568 

WATERS, WILLIAM DARRAH 312 

WATSON, JAMES EPHRAIM 368 

WATTS, NEWTON CLARK 381 

WHITFIELD, THOMAS JAPHETH 274 

WILLIAMS, DAVID TERRY 407 

WILSON, WOODROW 19 

WlNGFIELD, J. KlCHARD 103 

WOOD, DANIEL POLLARD 585 

WRIGHT, THOMAS KOANE BARNES 411 

WYATT, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 416 

WYCHE, CLARENCE ADOLPHUS 451 

ZEREGA, CAPT. ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI . . . 145 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

FACING PAGE 

BABINGTON, ROBERT BENJAMIN 608 

BAKES, JULIAN MEREDITH 558 

BAKER, RALEIGH JAMES 425 

BALLANCE, JOHN HENRY 585 

BATTLE, SAMUEL WESTRAY 463 

BEARD, PETER BRYCE 318 

BELLAMY, JOHN DILLARD 435 

BOWDOIN, JOHN WILLIAM 148 

BOWEN, HENRY 489 

BOWEN, REES T 494 

BOWLES, WILSON WESLEY 553 

BRADHAM, CALEB DAVIS 428 

BRANCH, CYRUS ADOLPHUS 471 

BRANCH, MARY E 474 

BRINSON, SAMUEL MITCHELL 588 

BRYAN, HENRY RAVENSCROFT 46 

BRYAN, JAMES AUGUSTUS 535 

BURRUSS, MARGARET WALTERS DE Y 394 

BURRUSS, NATHANIEL 386 

CHADBOURN, ARTHUR STANLY 574 

CHICHESTER, RICHARD HENRY LBE 204 

COLES, PEYTON SKIPWITH 155 

COVINGTON, THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT 327 

DAVIDSON, CHARLES HYDE 512 

DELANO, WILLIAM JOSEPH 595 

DICK, JOHN EMMETT 562 

DICKENSON, ROBERT WALTER 210 

DOBIE, LUCAN IRENE 332 

EDMUNDS, ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE 38 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH LITTLETON 32 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH NICHOLAS 25 

GILL, HOWARD WINFIELD 77 

[13] 



14 ILLUSTRATIONS 

FACING PAGE 

GLASGOW, FRANK THOMAS 53 

GODWIN, CHARLES BERNARD 176 

GOODWYN, EDWARD EVERARD 480 

GRADY, HENRY ALEXANDER 240 

HENDERSON, JOHN STEELE 250 

HILLMAN, JAMES NOAH 81 

HINTON, JOHN BRAXTON 182 

HOLLADAY, HENRY THOMPSON, JR 219 

HOPKINS, JOHN GUTHRIE 339 

HORSLEY, JOHN SHELTON 267 

IVIE, ALLAN DENNY 91 

JAMES, WILBERT THEODORE 549 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM EDWARD . . . . 189 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 193 

KENDIG, EDWIN LAWRENCE 454 

KING, CHARLES HENRY 160 

KING, WALTER WILLIAM 97 

LEAKE, THOMAS CRAWFORD 603 

LEE, ERASTUS LITTLETON 102 

LESTER, HENRY CLAY 226 

LLOYD, ABBOTT EDWARD, SR 342 

LYMAN, A. HUNT 377 

MCLAURIN, LAUGHLIN BUIE 541 

MANSON, KICHARD WILKIXS Ill 

MASSEY, JOHN E 293 

MASSEY, WILLIAM WALTER 296 

MITCHELL, KOLAND GREENE 234 

MONROE, EDWARD K 19 

OAKLEY, NEWTON Z 114 

PARRISH, EDWARD JAMES 270 

PATTERSON, JOHN LEGERWOOD 283 

PEEBLES, JOHN DUDLEY 118 

PERRY, JOSEPH WILLIAM 350 

PLUMMER, HENRY LYNE 171 

POTTER, THOMAS HARRY ... 401 

PRESSLEY, WILLIAM WALTEU 73 

PRINCE, DANIEL MALLOY 504 



ILLUSTRATIONS 15 

FACING PAGE 

PRITCHARD, JETER CONLBY 440 

REED, ELIJAH W 125 

REED, GEORGE N 126 

REVELL, OLIVER DAVIS 199 

ROBINSON,, EDWARD TRENT 300 

ROSE, DAVID JEPTHA 359 

SMITH, MART JANE BENNETT 67 

SMITH, WILLIAM ALEXANDER 56 

THOMAS, WILLIAM EDWARD 130 

TILGHMAN, THEODORE WILSON 306 

TRAVIS, WILLIAM THOMAS 365 

WALKER, CHARLES HENRY 137 

WALLER, ABSALOM 523 

WALLER, ROBERT EMMETT 529 

WALSH, WILLIAM WALTON 568 

WATERS, WILLIAM DARRAH 312 

WATSON, JAMES EPHRAIM 368 

WATTS, NEWTON CLARK 381 

WILLIAMS, DAVID TERRY 407 

WRIGHT, THOMAS ROANE BARNES 411 

WYATT, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 416 

WYCHE, CLARENCE ADOLPHUS 451 

ZEREGA, ALFRED LUBATJGH BERNIER DI 145 



> - 

>x 

ONS 






EDWARD R. MONROE 

EDWARD R, MONROE, President of the Brookneal Bank 
since 1904, was born in Campbell County, Virginia, April 
24, 1856, son of John and Pamelia (MacGregor) Monroe. 
In both lines of descent, Mr. Monroe is Scotch. 

The clan Munro, spelled variously "Munro," "Monro," "Mun- 
roe," and "Monroe," is one of the most ancient of the Highland 
Clans and has a history of remarkable interest. The Clan belongs 
to County Ross, which is one of the most rugged counties in Scot- 
land. Some high Scottish authorities claim that their original 
name was "Mourosse," which meant that they were the hillmen 
or mountaineers of Ross. This seems very plausible. Their tradi- 
tionary origin is from the "Siol o' Cain" of North Moray from 
which also sprung the Clans Buchanan and MacMillan. The first 
known Chief of the Clan was Hugh Monro of Foulis, who lived 
in the twelfth century. Later records show that George, then 
Chief, obtained charters from King Alexander, and a later Chief, 
Robert, fought at Bannockburn under King Robert Bruce. 
Robert, eighth Baron of Foulis, and then Chief, married the niece 
of Eupharne, daughter of the Earl of Ross by his wife, who was 
the widow of King Robert II. 

George Munro, fifth son of Robert Munro, fourteenth Baron 
of Foulis, was killed at the battle of Pinkie in 1547. He was, 
according to Alexander Mackenzie's History of the Highland 
Clans, the direct ancestor of the American progenitor of that 
branch of the Monroe family here dealt with. Among his children 
was George (2 >, who received the lands of Katewell. He married 
first, Catherine, daughter of Hector Mackenzie (4 >, of Fairburn, 
and had children, Hector and Catherine. He married secondly 
Euphemia, daughter of John Munro of Pittonacky, and had issue 
Andrew, David, Florence and Ann. He married thirdly Agnes, 
only daughter of Hugh Monro ( 5 > of Coul, and had a daughter 
Agnes. 

David Munro, son of George by his second wife, married 
Agnes, daughter of Rev. Alexander Munro. They had sons, George 
who became their heir and successor; Alexander, who succeeded 
his brother George, in the representation of the family; and 
Andrew, who under his distinguished relative General Sir George 
Munro, fought at the battle of Preston, August 17, 1648, where 
he was taken prisoner, but shortly thereafter escaped to America 
with others. 

[19] 



20 EDWARD R. MONROE 

Andrew Monroe landed in Maryland where he took command 
of a pinnace in the service of Cuthbert Feiiwick, general agent 
for Lord Baltimore, and he was known as a "mariner." When 
Kichard Ingle declared for the Parliament, Andrew Monroe took 
sides against Lord Baltimore's government, and like Nathaniel 
Pope, ancestor of President Washington, Dr. Thomas Gerrard 
and other leading Marylanders, fled over the Potomac to a settle- 
ment under the Virginia authority. He had several tracts of land 
granted to him in Virginia from 1650 to 1662, mostly in Northum- 
berland and Westmoreland Counties. The first of these grants, 
which was for a 200 acre tract designated as one of the "Head 
Eights," is dated June 8, 1650. 

From the Westmoreland deeds it appears that Andrew Mon- 
roe married Elizabeth (whose maiden name has not been found). 
He died in middle life in 1668, leaving issue: Susannah, Eliza- 
beth, Andrew (2 >, George and William. His widow married, 
secondly, George Horner. 

Andrew^ 2 ), was a Justice of the Peace, held rank of Cap- 
tain in the militia and was owner of large estates and numerous 
slaves. He died in 1714. He married Elinor, daughter of Patrick 
Spens, and the children mentioned in his will are: Spens, John, 
Susan, Andrew^ 3 ) and Elizabeth. 

Spence son of Andrew^ 3 ', married Elizabeth sister of Joseph 
Jones, a member of the continental Congress. Spence and Eliza- 
beth (Jones) Monroe were the parents of James Monroe, born 
1758, who was the fifth President of the United States. 

John, son of Andrew^ 3 ), left sons: John, Daniel and 
William. The last named married Mary Pitt and had issue: 
Elizabeth, Alexander, John, Mary, James, William and perhaps 
others. 

Property is bequeathed by William to my son John and his 
wife Sarah Monroe. This couple, among others, had a son John, 
who married Kebecca, daughter of Josiah Crews of Pittsylvania 
County, and granddaughter of David Crews, corporal in the Bed- 
ford County militia in 1760. 

Josiah Crews (1745-1832) married Elizabeth Jeter, an aunt 
of Reverend Jeremiah Bell Jeter (1802-1880) the distinguished 
Baptist divine, celebrated author, and for many years forceful 
editor of the Religious Herald. 

Among the children of John and Rebecca (Crews) Monroe 
were sons John, James, Sterling Jeter, and Josiah. Of these, 
John Monroe was the father of Edward R. Monroe, whose name 
introduces this sketch. 

In the Civil War the Monroe family gave valorous service. 
Robert Monroe who, at the age of fourteen years, joined the Con- 
federate Army, died in the hospital at Richmond. John Monroe 
was killed at Drury's Bluff, May 16, 1864. William Monroe, of 



EDWARD R. MONROE 21 

Company C, Eleventh Virginia, was killed at Plymouth, North 
Carolina. These three were brothers of Edward R. Monroe. His 
cousin, William Thompson Monroe, served in Company C, and 
was captured May 21, 1864, at Milford. His uncle, James Mon- 
roe, had two sons in the war, John and James. The latter was 
killed. Another uncle, Josiah, moved in 1860 to Missouri. 

In the maternal line, Edward R. Monroe descends from one of 
the most ancient of the Scottish Clans, MacGregor, and one of the 
most unfortunate. Its history goes back to the year 787. After 
the usual warlike and turbulent history of the Scottish Clans, 
the MacGregors came under the ban of the Scotch Parliament 
in 1563. In 1603 they were commanded to change their name 
under pain of death. One act followed another, and the out- 
lawed clan never regained its rights until 1775, when the British 
Parliament without a dissenting vote restored the name, rights 
and immunities of the Clan MacGregor. Thereupon, 826 Clans- 
men held a meeting, in which they acknowledged John Murray 
of Lanrick, afterwards known as Sir John MacGregor, Baronet, 
as the lawful descendant of the House of Glenstraemand the true 
chieftain of the Clan Alpine, by which title the MacGregor Clan 
was usually known. The famous Rob Roy MacGregor was a mem- 
ber of this outlawed clan, and one of those who, contrary to law, 
refused to change his name and consequently spent his life in 
hiding and raiding. 

Pamelia MacGregor, mother of Edward R. Monroe, was a 
daughter of John MacGregor of Halifax County, Virginia, a son 
of Archibald MacGregor. Her mother was Mary Lansdown of 
Pittsylvania, a daughter of Thomas Lansdown, who married a 
Miss Thompson. 

Edward R. Monroe was the seventh son of a large family. His 
boyhood was mainly spent in that troubled period succeeding the 
Civil War, which means that he had to be content with modest 
educational advantages and go to work early. His business career 
was spent in Southside, Virginia, and he was successful, becom- 
ing a highly respected citizen of his section. In 1899, being then 
a resident of Charlotte County, he was elected Chairman of the 
County Democratic Committee and served for a term of four 
years. In 1904 he moved to his present location, becoming Presi- 
dent of the Brookneal Bank, which position he has held since that 
date. 

In religious belief, Mr. Monroe is a Baptist, having been for 
many years a Deacon of the Staunton River Baptist Church in 
Charlotte County. He is a member of the Masonic Fraternity in 
all of its various divisions, from Blue Lodge to Knight Templar, 
being affiliated with the De Molay Commandery of Lynchburg. 

In his reading, Mr. Monroe is partial to general literature 
and history. Of course, like all competent men, he keeps abreast 



EDWARD R. MONROE 

with the world's doings through the newspapers and current 
periodicals. 

He has been twice married, first, iu Pittsylvania County, 
Virginia, on April 27, 1879, to Ida Tate, daughter of William 
Carrington and Marie Louise (Whitehead) Tate, of Chalk Level, 
Pittsylvania County. His first wife died November 4, 1888, 
and of their two children, the son John died when eighteen 
months old. The daughter Louise, the only surviving child of this 
marriage, married on October 26, 1904, at "The Oaks," Charlotte 
County, Virginia, Richard Douglas Williams, son of Richard 
Douglas and Sarah (Ewell) Williams. The elder Williams was 
a Baltimore lawyer who died in Centerville, Queen Anne's 
County, Maryland, July 19, 1882. His widow later married Rev. 
A. B. Carrington, who officiated at the marriage of Mr. Monroe's 
daughter to R. D. Williams, Jr. The children of this marriage 
are Sarah D. Williams, Richard D. Williams, Elizabeth Louise 
Williams and Edward Monroe Williams. These children are Mr. 
Monroe's grandchildren, and their great-grandparents, Mr. and 
Mrs Tate, were still living in 1914. 

Mr. Monroe was married, secondly, on February 19, 1891, at 
Danville, Virginia, to Elizabeth Hodge Edmunds, born at 
"Woodburn," Charlotte County, June 18, 1860, daughter of 
Joseph N. and Elizabeth Barnes (Hodge) Edmunds. The children 
of his second marriage are Kathleen, Bessie, Ruth and Edward 
R. Monroe, Jr. All the daughters have been educated at Hollins 
College, Virginia. 

Edward R. Monroe conies of good stock, which through many 
centuries (mostly of war) has exemplified the virtue of patriot- 
ism in turbulent times. It has not been his misfortune to be 
called upon as a soldier, but in his turn he has exemplified the 
virtue of patriotism by a life of good citizenship in peaceful times. 

The Coat of Arms of the Clan Monroe is described as follows : 
"Or, an eagle's head erased gules. 
"Crest An eagle on the perch proper. 
"Motto 'Dread God. 7 " 







7 



JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 

THE subject of our sketch is a descendant of some of the 
earliest settlers in America. His ancestors were among 
those sturdy pioneers who laid the foundation for the 
existing great Commonwealth of Virginia, and, in fact, for 
our whole great nation. As far back as the early part of the 
eighteenth century the Edmunds family were living in St. 
Andrew's Parish, Brunswick County, Virginia. 

In March, 1740, Nicholas Edmunds, great-grandfather of 
Joseph Nicholas Edmunds, became a "Gentleman Justice," a posi- 
tion of honor and importance, whicli he filled acceptably for many 
years. Recorded in 1771 is the quaint marriage bond between 
Thomas Edmunds, son of Nicholas, and Sarah Eldridge. Such 
bonds filed in Clerk's offices, together with the interesting rec- 
ords in the old family Bibles and Parish or Church Records, 
are the only Marriage Register we have in Virginia, prior to 
1850, when the present law went into effect. Thomas' bride had 
an unusually interesting ancestry, being the great-great-great- 
granddaughter of Pocahontas, the daughter of Powhatan, the In- 
dian chief. Matoaca, for such was Pocahontas' real name, was 
baptized under the name of Rebecca, and married John Rolfe, 
Esq., as we read in our histories. Rebecca Rolfe left one son, 
Thomas, who married Miss Poytress of England. Their only 
daughter, Jane, married Col. Robert Boiling, of Boiling Hall, 
West Riding of York. Jane Boiling's son, John Boiling of Cobbs, 
married Mary Kennon, whose daughter, Martha Boiling, married 
Col. Robert Eldridge, and Sarah, the daughter of Robert and 
Martha Boiling, married Thomas Edmunds as above mentioned. 
Besides his other public duties, Nicholas Edmunds rendered 
military service. As required, he took an oath, by which he 
abjured the Stuarts and the Pretended Prince of Wales and 
swore allegiance to the heirs of the Princess Sophia of Bruns- 
wick, and met successfully the Test which determined whether 
he had taken communion, according to Episcopal rites, within the 
previous year. Having thus proved himself a loyal subject of the 
British Crown and a faithful supporter of the Established Church, 
he received his commission from the Lieutenant Governor of the 
Colony, and, in 1746, became a Captain of a company of foot. 
In this same year, he was appointed to the important position of 
vestryman of old St. Andrew's Parish, thus proving himself to 

[25] 



26 JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 

have been a man of sterling character, deep religious convictions, 
and practical ability. 

We find mention of his son Henry, who, like his father, ren- 
dered public service to the community. In 1754 he became Cap- 
tain of Militia, and was put on the "Commission of the Peace," 
both important offices, and entrusted only to men of character and 
ability. Both Nicholas and Henry qualified as Gentleman Jus- 
tices at the February term of court in 1756. In May, 1759, Henry 
was appointed to take the list of tithables, a position correspond- 
ing to the office of Commissioner of Revenue in our own time, 
while the military service of his father won for him the appoint- 
ment of Lieutenant Colonel of Militia. 

In 1767, Thomas, who married the Sarah of "Pocahontas" 
descent, qualified as Deputy Sheriff for Thomas Stith, Sheriff, 
which position he filled so well, that two years later, he was 
re-appointed to assist Sylvanus Stokes, and three years later, he 
was again appointed to a similar position. In that same year 
his father was rewarded for his capable military service by receiv- 
ing the appointment of Colonel-in-Chief of the Militia. 

Having already discharged successfully many public duties, 
Thomas Edmunds justly deserved the appointment on the "Com- 
mission of the Peace," which came to him from the Governor in 
1777. Thomas was on the bench as Gentleman Justice in 1778 
and again in 1780. Being, like others of his family, a devoted 
churchman, it is only natural that it should be recorded that he 
became a vestryman of St. Andrew's Parish in July, 1780. On 
January 28, 1782, he was appointed County Sheriff, which posi- 
tion he was well able to fill, as he had been Deputy for several 
terms. Near this time his faithful military service won for him 
the promotion to the office of Lieutenant Colonel of the Militia. 

Nicholas Edmunds' will, made July 26, 1787, probated May 
25, 1789, bequeathes property to his sons, Sterling, Thomas, and 
John Flood; to his daughters, Sarah Kuffin, Elizabeth Garland 
and her children ; to his grandson, Nicholas Edmunds, and to his 
late wife's daughter, Lucy Stith. He probably married before 
he came to Brunswick from Surry or Isle of Wight, from which 
counties Brunswick was formed in 1732. 

The will of his son, Thomas, was made on September 24, 
1825, and probated November 28 of the same year. His sons, 
Nicholas, Thomas, Henry, Littleton, and John Flood, and his 
daughters, Clarissa Read, Nancy Watkins, Susan Madison and 
Elizabeth Edmunds are mentioned, as are also his grandchildren, 
Catherine, Sarah and Charlotte Macklin, Sarah and Clarissa 
Scott, Mary and Henrietta Claiborne, and Edwin, son of his son 
Edwin, deceased. 

Henry, son of Thomas, and father of Joseph Nicholas 
Edmunds, married Martha W. Morton, of Charlotte County, Feb- 



JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 27 

ruary 3, 1809, the marriage being solemnized by the Rev. John 
Holt Rice. We leave consideration of the Edmunds family for 
a time to trace the very interesting ancestry of Miss Morton. 

Her grandfather was Joseph Morton, who was born in 1709, 
and became one of the prominent citizens of Charlotte County, 
where he followed the occupations of farmer and surveyor. From 
George III of England he received the grant of an extensive tract 
of land. We realize how immense estates were in those days 
when we learn that Mr. Morton's nearest neighbor was thirty 
miles away. Mr. Morton's personal qualities were of the highest 
order. He was honored with a seat in the House of Burgesses 
and was also, for mauv years, a member of the Countv Court. 

7 v V f ty 

He was prominent in the old Briery Presbyterian Church, to 
which he gave liberally of his time and money. His first wife 
was a Miss Goode, by whom he had one child. His second was 
Agnes Woodson, by whom he had eight children. His honored 
and useful life closed June 28, 1782, and his wife died March 
10, 1802. 

Their son, Colonel William Morton, was born in Charlotte 
County in 1743. At the time of the Revolutionary War, he raised 
within two days a company of his neighbors to join General 
Greene's army on the Dan. As Captain under General Greene, he 
proved his prowess at the battle of Guilford Court House, where 
he "slew the gallant Colonel Webster, the pride of the army of 
Cornwallis." As a member of the House of Delegates, meeting 
in 1779, he served his country well. After the war, he rendered 
as efficient service in the office of Justice of the Peace as he had 
done in the army. He was a "terror to evil doers" and was 
persistent and skillful in capturing criminals and bringing them 
to justice. Once he refused to vote for a certain man who was 
nominated for an office because "when he ran at Guilford from 
the enemy's fire, he (Colonel Morton) thrashed him back into the 
lines." A friend asked the Colonel if he were not afraid to make 
such a charge. He replied, "No, I thrashed him once, and can 
do it again if necessary." There resulted a lawsuit, but the evi- 
dence given by the Colonel led the opponent to abandon the case. 
Although stern to evildoers, Colonel Morton might have been 
written of, like Abhou Ben Adhem, as one who "loves his fellow- 
men." When corn was scarce and commanding a high price, Colo- 
nel Morton, refused to take advantage of that fact and sold to 
the poor at the lowest market price. He was honored by other 
offices, being for thirty years a trustee of Hampden-Sidney Col- 
lege, and for a long time was a Ruling Elder in the Presbyterian 
Church. His death occurred on November 29, 1821. 



28 JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 

His wife was Susanna Watkins of Chickahoniiny, whom he 
married October 29, 1764. She, too, belonged to an old Virginia 
family. Her grandfather was Thomas Watkins of Swift Creek, 
in Powhatan, then Cumberland County. In his will, dated March, 
1760, and recorded June, of same year, are mentioned sons, daugh- 
ters, and other relatives, as follows: Susannah Woodson, Mary 
Woodson, Thomas Watkins, Elizabeth Daniel, grandmother of the 
late Judge William Daniel, Sr., and among whose descendants 
are Mrs. Fuqua, Mrs. Coleman of Cumberland, G. W. Daniel of 
Farmville, Mrs. Ellett, Mrs. Wood Bouldin, Judge William Daniel 
of the Virginia Court of Appeals, and C. D. Coleman, Esq., of 
Cumberland ; and also his grandchildren, Stephen and Elizabeth, 
children of his son Stephen, deceased. Mrs. Thomas Clay, of Din- 
widdie, was a daughter of this Stephen. A daughter, Jean Wat- 
kins, and her sons, and also Stephen's sous, Joseph, Thomas, Joel 
and Benjamin, are mentioned. 

Thomas Watkins, of Chickahominy, son of the Thomas of Swift 
Creek, married a Miss Anderson of Chesterfield, sister of Clai- 
borne Anderson of Chesterfield, who was grandfather of the late 
Mrs. William K. Johnson. Thomas Watkins made his home near 
Bottoms' Bridge. After an honored and useful life, he died in 
1783. His children were: Henry, of Prince Edward County; 
Francis ; Joel, of Charlotte, who married Agnes Morton ; Thomas 
of Powhatan; Betsy, who married Major Nathanael Massie, of 
Goochland; Susannah, who married Colonel William Morton, of 
Charlotte; Sally, who married John Spencer, Esq.; Mary, who 
married Stephen Pankey, of Manchester; Nancy, who married 
Smith Blakey, of Henrico; Jane, who married Charles Hundley, 
of Goochland ; and Prudence, who married William Koyster. 

Susanna, daughter of Thomas Watkins of Chickahominy, be- 
came, as before stated, the wife of Colonel William Morton. She 
was a true helpmate for her gallant husband, and old people liv- 
ing in that part of the country still remember her with affection 
and veneration. She was esteemed and beloved both for her piety 
and her domestic qualities. 

The children of Colonel William Morton and Susanna Wat- 
kins were: Frances, who married Kobert Watkins; Agnes, who 
married Benjamin Morton; Nancy, who married Rev. W. Hill, 
D.D. ; Henry, who died in 1796; Betsy W., who married John 
Morton, of Charlotte; Mary, who married Kichard H. Venable; 
Lucy, who married Captain George Hannah ; Joseph, who married 
Betsy W. Watkins ; Martha W., who married Captain Henry Ed- 
munds; Mildred, who married first, Edwin Edmunds, secondly, 
Henry N. Watkins; Susan, who married Thomas Throckmorton 
of Kentucky ; and Jane, who married James H. Marshall. 

Now we come to the union of the Morton and Edmunds 
families, represented by the marriage of Captain Henry Edmunds 



JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 29 

and Martha W. Morton, daughter of the Revolutionary warrior, 
who took up their residence in Halifax County and lived there 
for many years. This couple had a large family, all of whom died 
young except: Susan, John, Richard, Charlotte A., Littleton, 
Sterling, Elizabeth, Sally, Joseph Nicholas, the subject of this 
sketch, and Thomas. 

Martha Morton Edmunds, like so many of her ancestors, was 
a deeply religious woman. She was also a woman of means and 
social position. She was largely instrumental in effecting the 
building of the Old Mercy Seat Presbyterian Church, located at 
Elmo, about two miles from her home, Elm Hill. 

The children of Susan Edmunds, the eldest child who mar- 
ried Robert F. Gaines, of Charlotte County, are : Martha W., who 
married Robert Carter, M.D. ; William, who died single; Mary 
E., who married Thomas Spottswood Henry, M.D., of Charlotte 
County; Robert; Joseph, of Charlotte County, who married 
Jennie Gaines, of Hanover County ; Margaret ; and Thomas Nich- 
olas, of Charlotte County, who married Mildred Anne Edmunds. 
Robert was a Confederate soldier, and, with his sister Margaret, 
still survived in 1916. The William Gaines, mentioned above, was 
Lieutenant in the Confederate Army and Registrar of the land 
office in Richmond for many years. Dr. Henry, who married 
Mary E. Gaiues, was the grandson of Patrick Henry, and brother 
of the historian and lawyer, William Wirt Henry, of Richmond. 

John R. Edmunds married Mildred Coles. Their children are : 
Paul C. of Halifax County, who married Phoebe Easley ; Nannie 
C., who married John Coleman, M.D. ; Henry, of Houston, Vir- 
ginia, who married Sue Edmondson; John R., who died young; 
Lizzie Lightfoot, who died ; Sallie, who married Robert Hubbard, 
of Buckingham County; Mildred, who married James Boyd, of 
Richmond ; Littleton ; and Edward, of Winston-Salem, N. C., who 
married Phoebe A. Easley. 

Charlotte A. Edmunds married George Whitfield Read, of 
Charlotte Court House. Their children are: Alice C., who mar- 
ried William Boyd, M.D. ; Nannie E., who married John T. Wat- 
son, of Danville; Martha W., who married a Mr. Turner; Clara, 
of Danville, now deceased ; and Lelia, also of Danville. 

The children of Littleton Edmunds and Sallie White are: 
Eliza, of South Boston ; Thomas, a physician, who married a Miss 
Fitch ; Sally White, who married a Mr. Moseley ; and Howard L., 
of South Boston, who married Irving Easley. 

Sterling Edmunds married Mary Jane Claiborne. The chil- 
dren of this couple are: Sterling of Louisville, Kentucky, who 
married Mollie Garnhart; Henry Bocock, of St. Louis, Missouri, 
the name of whose wife is not now recalled ; Letitia, who married, 
first, Mr. Lipscomb, secondly, Mr. Brown; Thomas, Ethel and 
Bernard. 



30 JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 

Elizabeth Edmunds was twice married, first to Dr. Kobert 
Jennings, and secondly to Dr. Samuel Hales. The children of 
her first marriage are : Clement ; Henry ; Kobert of Danville, who 
married Lillie Booker of Richmond ; Sallie, who married William 
Henry Hodge of Halifax County; Richard; Thomas; Polk, "The 
Boy General" (page 89 of Halifax County Handbook), whose 
wife's name is unknown; and J. J., who married Alice Holman. 
The children of her second marriage are: Dr. Barksdale Hales, 
who married first, Maggie Rowlett, but whose second wife's name 
is unknown ; Sue, who married Harry Derrick, of Halifax County ; 
and Peter, who married Nannie Haines, of same county. 

The children of Sally Catherine Edmunds, who married 
Thomas Edmunds Barksdale, May 6, 1850, and died November 11, 
1887, are: Molly Barksdale, who married Kobert Hutchinson of 
Charlotte Court House ; Henry Edmunds, who died ; Kobert Jen- 
nings, of Halifax County ; Charles, who died in infancy ; Thomas 
Edmunds, of Halifax County; John Flood, who died in his 13th 
year; Sally Kead, of Halifax County; Edward Marcellus, who 
died at the age of three years ; and Cora Lee, who married John 
E. Kedd, of Martinsville, Virginia. Mr. Thomas Edmunds Barks- 
dale died March 4, 1910. He was an elder in the Old Mercy Seat 
Presbyterian Church, of which his wife has been a member from 
childhood. For fifty years he held the same office in the New 
Mercy Seat Presbyterian Church. 

The marriage of Thomas Edmunds and Nannie Coleman, 
daughter of Dr. A. E. Coleman, of Halifax County, occurred on 
April 29, 1863. The children born to them at "Elm Hill" were : 
Algernon; Sallie, who married John Steger Meade; Mary, who 
married G. H. Wimbish; Annie May, who married J. Beverley 
Kuffin ; Helen, who married John Waller Boswell ; Kenneth, who 
married Minta Dickerson; J. Mabrey, who married Mary Agnes 
Hughes ; and Evelyn Bird Edmunds. 

At the picturesque family home, "Elm Hill," in Halifax 
County, Joseph Nicholas Edmunds, the next to the youngest child 
of Henry and Martha Edmunds, was born on March 10, 1823. 
Here under a healthful rural environment, he passed his boyhood 
years. As he was a member of a large family, he knew no lack of 
companionship. His mother was a devoted and zealous Presby- 
terian, who, both by precept and example, instilled into the minds 
and hearts of her children the principles of practical Christianity. 
After his elementary and preparatory education was completed, 
Joseph attended that institution which has had a part in the 
making of so many of our great men, the University of Virginia, 
where, for three years, he pursued diligently his studies. In 
1844 the University gave him the Bachelor of Law degree. As 
Charlotte Court House seemed to offer an inviting field for the 
practice of law, and as his brother-in-law, George Whitfield Read, 



JOSEPH NICHOLAS EDMUNDS 31 

was also a lawyer, the two young men entered into partnership, 
and established their business at the County Seat. 

On June 10, 1847, Joseph married Elizabeth Barnes Hodge, 
who was born in Mecklenburg County, June 22, 1831. With his 
sixteen-year-old bride, he went to reside on the Woodburn planta- 
tion, a large estate located on the Staunton River, in Charlotte 
County. Here he devoted himself to the occupation of farming, 
and here his children were born. 

The oldest was Lucy Lyne, who became the wife of Captain 
Edwin Edmunds Bouldin, of Danville ; his next child was Henry, 
who died in infancy; then came Frances Boyd, who married 
Robert LeRoy Coleman, of Halifax County. On August 29, 1856, 
there was born Joseph Littleton, who became a well-known and 
highly esteemed man. The next child was Elizabeth Hodge, born 
June 18, 1860 ; she became the wife of Edward Ragland Monroe. 
The next child, Martha Morton, of Baltimore, was born April 25, 
1864. The youngest was Mildred Annie, born July 10, 1872, who 
married Thomas Nicholas Gaines. 

Although the plantation home was far from public schools, 
the children growing up thereon did not lack educational advan- 
tages, for their college-bred father was able to teach them at 
home. With his only son, Joseph Littleton, he took especial pains. 

Like so many of his ancestors, Joseph Nicholas Edmunds 
performed meritorious military services. During the Civil War, 
he joined Company B of the First Virginia Regiment Reserve 
Forces, whose special duty it was to guard the homes of that 
section from the ravages of the opposing army. 

Mrs. Joseph Nicholas Edmunds died in the year 1885, and 
was buried in Danville. On January 31, 1891, her husband ended 
his long and useful life at his home on the Staunton River, where 
he lived for nearly half a century. He was buried by the side of 
his wife. Their son, Joseph Littleton, who died (single) in 1910, 
is buried close beside them. 



JOSEPH LITTLETON EDMUNDS 

EDMONDS is an old Anglo-Saxon name, coming down from 
the period of Saxon supremacy in England prior to the 
Norman conquest. The old form of the name was "Ead- 
mund," and the meaning of it was "happy protector." 
The final "s" was added to show that a given man was the son 
of Edmund, and this in time became a family name when sur- 
names were adopted. In dealing with this name, one is always 
confronted with the difficulty that, on all the old records for 
centuries past dow T n to a hundred years ago, the name was spelled 
indifferently "Edmonds" or "Edmunds" in some cases, one 
individual's name being spelled both ways in different places. 
This makes it difficult to properly identify men in the past gen- 
erations, because in these more modern times the two families 
have become distinct and separate though in numerous cases, 
many of them using different spellings have a common ancestor. 

The records show that Kobert Edmunds came to Virginia 
in 1619 on the ship "Marigold," and in 1623 was living on the 
Eastern Shore. He was evidently the founder of the family which 
has since been identified with that part of the State. John and 
Kichard Edmunds also came about the same period, but both of 
them perished in the Indian Massacre of 1622. The next of these 
early immigrants was another John Edmunds, who came over in 
the ship "Bonaventure," which sailed from London or Southamp- 
ton on January 2, 1634. He was then a youth of sixteen. It can- 
not be stated with certaintly, but it is probable, that this young- 
man was the progenitor of those Edmunds families settled 
in southeastern Virginia, since those of the name who located 
in the Northern Neck ranging up to Fauquier and Culpeper 
Counties were descended from men who came later. 

Bishop Meade says that they were among the most promi- 
nent families of eastern Virginia, and were partly of English 
and partly of Welsh origin. In this mater of Welsh origin, he 
was probably mistaken, as Edmunds is distinctly not a Welsh 
name, and it is a fair inference that he was led into the error by 
the fact that someone by the name of Edmunds came from Wales 
to Virginia. In the old records, we come upon the marriage of 
the Rev. Clement Bead, a distinguished Presbyterian minister 
after the Revolutionary period. He married Miss Edmunds, of 
Brunswick, whom it is stated was a descendant of Pocahontas. 
In other places, one comes upon records of marriages which show 

[32] 




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* f :.: 









T1LC 






JOSEPH LITTLETON EDMUNDS 35 

clearly the standing of the family. Elias Edmunds married 
Sallie Battaile Fitz Hugh, of the very prominent Fitz Hugh 
family. In another case, we find that Moore Fauntleroy Carter, 
fifth in line from the ancestor of the distinguished Carter family, 
married Judith Edmunds. In another case, at the very begin- 
ning of the Colony, there appears to have been a marriage 
between the West and Edmunds families. When the old St. 
Andrew's Parish was organized in Brunswick County, in 1720. 
within its boundaries lived some of these Edmunds families, and 
between 1732 and 1786, the record of the vestry shows the names 
of Nicholas, Henry and Thomas Edmunds as having served as 
vestrymen. Apparently, the movement of this family was from 
Norfolk westward for on February 22, 1728, we find that John 
Edmunds married Sarah Russell in Norfolk County; and in that 
same year, John Edmunds took up three hundred and thirty 
acres of land in Brunswick County. He had been preceded in 
Brunswick one year by Howel Edmunds, who took up nine hun- 
dred and ninety acres. Twenty-five years later, to be exact, in 
1754, Nicholas Edmunds took up a grant of twenty-four hundred 
and thirty-five acres in Halifax County. Henry Edmunds, one 
of the vestrymen of St. Andrew's Parish in Brunswick County, 
above referred to, moved TO Halifax County in 1809, where he 
married, on February 3, of that year, Martha W. Morton, and 
his son, Joseph Nicholas, moved to Charlotte County in 1845. 
Nicholas Edmunds, the father of Thomas and grandfather of 
Henry, was the patentee of a large estate in Halifax, and a con- 
spicuous figure in his section during his life; and Thomas 
Edmunds, of Brunswick, probably a son or brother of Nicholas, 
was a gallant Revolutionary soldier, serving as Captain in the 
Third Virginia Eegiment through the entire war. Other mem- 
bers of the Edmunds family made a good military record. 
Richard Edmunds was in Daniel Morgan's old regiment, and 
was probably made a prisoner in the Southern Campaign, for 
his name appears on the list of prisoners on the British Prison 
Ship in Charleston Harbor in 1781. Colonel Elias Edmunds, 
who lived in Fauquier County, commanded a regiment of Virginia 
troops at Yorktown. William Edmunds was a Lieutenant in a 
Fauquier Company. Jacob Edmunds appears on the roster of 
Captain John Morton's Prince Edward County Militia on June 
28, 1781, as a private. 

The subject of this sketch, Joseph Littleton Edmunds, 
deceased, was born in Charlotte County, Virginia, August 23. 
1857, son of Joseph Nicholas, and Elizabeth Barnes (Hodge) 
Edmunds. Their familv seat was known as ""Woodburn on the 



Staunton,'' and was a splendid estate. After a most useful life of 
not quite fifty-three years, Mr. Edmunds died at St. Luke's Hos- 
pital. Richmond. Virginia, on April 1. 1910. Joseph Nicholas 



36 JOSEPH LITTLETON EDMUNDS 

Edmunds was a cultivated man, a graduate of law from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia in 1844. When the son was growing up, there 
were no public schools in that section, and the father, who had 
retired from the practice of law to look after his plantation, gave 
his son his earliest scholastic training, and from him he passed 
under the care of a cousin, Dr. John Watkins, an accomplished 
man, who finished the lad's education in so far as the teaching 
from books could do so. 

Mr. Edmunds then entered a mercantile business conducted 
by Major Charles Bruce, at Cole's Ferry, where he remained for 
about six years as manager and partner. He finally decided to 
change his location, and in 1880 he retired from that business 
and located in Danville, where the remainder of his life was 
spent. His business career was one of few changes. At Danville, 
his first association was with W. M. Shelton, one of Danville's 
leading and most successful leaf tobacco merchants, this connec- 
tion continuing without change until Mr. Shelton's death in 1891. 
He then succeeded to the business of Mr. Shelton, as the Purchas- 
ing Agent of George E. Tuckett and Son Company, Hamilton, 
Canada. It will be noted that he made only one business change 
in his active career of thirty-five years. He made a success of the 
tobacco business on an extensive scale, and became recognized 
as one of the most substantial business men of the city, being 
prominent in business circles, a member of the Board of Trade, 
identified with the Orinoco Club (a social organization) and a 
consistent member of the First Presbyterian Church. Politically, 
he voted with the Democratic Party, but was not in active 
politics. 

Notwithstanding the demands of a large business, Mr. 
Edmunds found time to satisfy his pronounced taste for farming. 
He had purchased from his father's estate a farm in Charlotte 
County, and his greatest delight was the improvement of this 
farm, on which much of his time was spent. The sound judgment 
which he carried into his business affairs he carried into his 
farm work. He made of it a model plantation for the production 
of crops and the raising of stock. It repaid him richly for the 
care which he gave to it, as it yielded abundant harvests, 
and gave him a place where he could entertain in the way that 
was most acceptable to him, enabling him to indulge his own 
taste for out-door sports and to give to his friends a breath of 
rural life which they could not find in the confines of a city. Of 
a cheerful and happy temperament, he had a wide circle of 
friends. A thorough workman, everything he undertook he did 
well. Fond of horses and of hunting, he excelled in those sports. 
Mr. Edmunds gave his time and his money both freely and 
heartily for the good of his fellow-men. His reading was of a gen- 
eral character, and he was thoroughly well informed on current 
events. 



JOSEPH LITTLETON EDMUNDS 37 

He never married, but his sisters: Mrs. E. E. Bouldin (now 
deceased) ; Mrs. E. L. Coleman, of Pace's, Virginia ; Mrs. E. E. 
Monroe, of Brookneal, Virginia ; Mrs. Mildred A. Gaines, of Char- 
lotte County ; and Miss Morton M. Edmunds, of Baltimore, made 
for him a pleasant and happy family circle. 

When taken with his last illness, he was advised that it would 
prove fatal, but his cheerful courage never failed him, and he 
bore with marked fortitude and without complaint the great 
pain and suffering incident to his malady. 

It was stated, in the local paper, after his death, that the 
city of Danville and the Commonwealth had lost a true and loyal 
citizen ; and this was modest testimony to the value of so useful 
and worthy a career. 

Philosophic minds have, for generations, studied the ques- 
tion of what constitutes the highest value in men. Is it the great 
law-giver, like Solon ; or the great soldier, like Napoleon ; or the 
great statesman, like Jefferson, that constitutes the standard of 
value for humanity? These great historical figures stand up 
above the common level like mountain peaks. But the traveler 
knows that the mountain peaks, while adding to the picturesque 
feature of the landscape, do not make for the people a living like 
the unpicturesque level lands that lie between ; and so in this 
question of human values is it not likely that the unassuming 
citizen who discharges faithfully, from day to day, the duties 
which lie under his hand ; who stands for the moralities both in 
precept and practice; who adds a little to the productiveness of 
the land and to the betterment of the town, is after all a more 
valuable citizen to the Commonwealth than the leader of an army 
which destroys life and property and thereby gives to the reader 
a page of history? 

Measured by his industrious and useful life, by his affection- 
ate regard for his fellow-men, Joseph Littleton Edmunds was a 
successful man of the best type, and when he passed away the 
Commonwealth truly lost a loyal and devoted citizen. 

An old Edmunds Coat of Arms, used by an English family, 
members of which settled in Virginia in the early Colonial period, 
is as follows : 

"Per chevron embattled or and sable three fleurs-de-lis, 
counterchanged. 

"Crest: An ancient ship of three masts under sail upon the 
sea, all proper. 

"Motto (over it) : Votis tune velis." 



ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 

TO the student of historical and genealogical lore, the illus- 
trious ancestry of this well-known and highly esteemed 
lady possesses unusual interest, and, among the blending 
of eminent families which compose her lineage, there 
stand out prominently the names of Lyne, Boyd and Hodge. 

From the following notice inserted in the Richmond Stand- 
ard of November 27, 1880, by Robert Lyne, Esq., of Dublin, 
Ireland, we learn of some of that name who were doubtless 
ancestors of, or at least near of kin to, the founders of the 
American Lynes: 

"A reward of three guineas is offered for the registry of 
baptism of Henry Lyne or Line in 1678. He died at Little Comp- 
ton, County Gloster, in 1743, aged 65; or for his marriage with 

Catherine about 1711. Rewards also for the following : 

Registry of baptism of Thomas Lyne, son of the above with Jane 
Mansel, about 1750, and baptism of any of their children viz. 
Thomas, John, Mary, William, Robert, Sarah, Anne, Hannah, 
Susannah, Henry and Joseph, born between 1751 and 1772. The 
following are also wanted: Marriage of John Lyne (born at 
Swaicliffe, County Oxford, in 1645, to Dorothy, and his burial 
subsequent to 1680. Baptism of Matthew Lyne, father of the 
above-named John Lyne, about 1620, his marriage with Elizabeth 
1645, and his burial." 

During the early part of the eighteenth century at least three 
Lynes, and possibly others, left England to make their homes in 
the land of promise beyond the western sea. Thomas Lyne emi- 
grated from Bristol, England, to Westmoreland County, Virginia, 
where he married Mary, daughter of Robert Standford. Of the 
seven children born to them, one son, Robert, removed to Caro- 
lina, while his son James went to Mason County, Kentucky, 
where he left several descendants, and his son Thomas to Lou- 
doun County, Virginia. Descendants of the latter are found in 
Kentucky and Ohio. 

William Lyne, later known as William Lyne (1) , the progeni- 
tor of Mrs. Edmunds, settled in or near Williamsburg, Virginia, 
while another Lyne, believed to be William's brother, came about 
the same time, and settled in or near Philadelphia. In discharg- 
ing his duties as an officer of the Crown in connection with the 
treasury of the Virginia Colony, William proved his sterling 
worth and business ability. Two sons were born to him, William 

[38] 






PU. 



ASTOR, L-N3X 



ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 41 

and Henry, and perhaps other children. William < 2 ^ kept the line 
of the family in Virginia, and Henry removed to North Carolina, 
making his home in Granville County. William^ 2 ) and his sons, 
Henry, George, Edmund, John and William^ 3 ), were prominent 
citizens in the Virginia Colony. William and John Lyne, doubt- 

CJ t/ / / 

less the father and son, were among the trustees appointed in an 
Act passed in November, 1760, to dock the entail of lands of 
Richard Johnson in King and Queen County. Twelve years later 
William Lyne is appointed for a similar duty in connection with 
the lands of a William Todd. In Volume 10 of Henning's Statutes 
at Large, we find the account of the division of the very large 
parish of Drysdale into two parishes, to be known as Drysdale, 
and St. Asaph. To the Commissioners, of whom William Lyne 
was one, was given authority to sell the glebe and buildings of 
the then parish of Drysdale, and divide the proceeds between 
the two new parishes. 

By an Act of December 6, 1793, William Lyne, Sr., and 
William Lyne, Jr., were appointed among the trustees in charge 
of twenty-five acres of land on the Mattapony River, in King and 
Queen County, with authority to lay off half-acre lots and put in 
convenient streets for a town to be known as Dunkirk. George 
Lyne, brother of William, Jr., was in 1775 authorized to sign 
certain notes in connection witli the Virginia Treasury. An 
Edmund Lyne was appointed one of the Commissioners to open 
a road from the Falls of the Great Kanawha to Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, and also a trustee to assist in establishing the town of 
Washington, in Bourbon County, Kentucky. On June 15, 1773, 
according to the records of the Land Registry Office of Virginia, 
an Edmond Lyne received a grant of 1765 acres of land in Pitt- 
sylvania County. An Edmond Lyne, possibly the same one, 
perhaps his nephew, the son of William^ 3 ), was among the pioneers 
in Mason County, Kentucky. 

A strong military and patriotic tendency was shown by 
these five Lyiie brothers, all of them serving their country nobly 
as either Colonel, Captain or Major in the Revolutionary War, 
while their sisters married Continental Army officers. Susannah 
married William Starling, of King William County, in 1774, and 
after a residence in Mecklenburg County, near Boydton, for sev- 
eral years, the Starlings, like many other Virginians, felt drawn 
to the new state of Kentucky, whither they emigrated with their 
numerous family in 1780. The family of Anne Lvne, who married 

/ *) i 

Major Howe, of Winchester, Virginia, consisted of two daughters, 
but no sons. 

By his membership in the Virginia House of Burgesses in 
1768 and 1770, his service on the Virginia Committee of Safety 
at the beginning of the Revolution, and as Colonel in the Conti- 
nental Army, William Lyne (3) played the part of a true patriot 



42 ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 

and was justly honored by his fellow citizens. Prior to the Revo- 
lution he had married Lucy Foster Lyne, his cousin and the 
daughter of Henry Lyne, of Granville County, North Carolina. To 
them were born six daughters and four sons: William, James, 
Henry and Edmund. The descendants of the last-mentioned are 
known to have been numerous, many being now residents of Ken- 
tucky. Robert B. Lyne, who was a prominent Richmond citizen 
and business man during the nineteenth century, was a son of 
William, the son of William and Lucy Lyne, and was survived by 
two sons, William H. Lyne and Robert B. Lyne. 

James, second son of William Lyne< 3) , married Frances 
Bullock, daughter of Leonard Henley Bullock, and went to reside 
in Granville County, where his will was probated. To them 
were born four children, George, Leonard Henley, Henry and 
Lucy. George and Leonard removed to Kentucky, where some 
of their descendants live at the present time. Henry died unmar- 
ried, but his will, recorded in Granville County, devised his estate 
to his sister Lucy, who had married James Boyd. 

The North Carolina State records reveal an interesting story 
of a company raised from Granville County men under the leader- 
ship of Captain John Taylor, of which company a James Lyne 
was a member. They encountered the Hessians, and were sur- 
rounded by several hundred of them from whom with difficulty 
they made their escape, about three thousand bullets being sent 
after them ! The Hessian rifle which he captured served James 
Lyne in after years as a reminder of the occasion. Perhaps James 
was the son of the Granville County pioneer, Henry, and the 
brother of Lucy Foster Lyne, who married William Lyne (3) , of 
Virginia. 

Like the Lynes, the Boyds were distinguished pioneers. The 
town of Boydton, in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, was named 
for Alexander Boyd, an enterprising and thrifty Scotch mer- 
chant, whose wife, Ann Simpson, was, like himself, a native of 
Scotland. On his tomb near Boydton is found this inscription : 

"Sacred to the memory of Alexander Boyd, a native of Scot- 
land, who suddenly departed this life in the Court House of this 
County while on the seat of justice in discharge of his duties as 
magistrate ; August 11, 1808, in the 54th year of his age. 

***** 

God send his soul to endless rest, 

They loved him most who knew him best." 

His sisters, Anne, Mary and Jane, married three Hawkins 
brothers, who were, respectively, Governor William Hawkins, of 
North Carolina, Joseph Hawkins and John D. Hawkins. Jane 
Boyd Hawkins was the great-grandmother of Mrs. Kate Skelton 
Meade, of Danville, Virginia. 



ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 43 

Alexander's son, James, who seemed to inherit his father's 
business ability, became a successful merchant at Townesville, 
North Carolina. He married, as previously stated in the account 
of the Lynes, Lucy Lyne, youngest child of James Lyne, son of 
William Lyne (3) , the Virginian. There were two children born to 
them, Frances Ann and James, Jr. Young James was enjoy- 
ing a horseback ride on the public highway, when some men, who 
were racing their horses, came dashing by at high speed. His 
horse became unmanageable and threw him to the ground so vio- 
lently that he was instantly killed. It is believed that the hair in 
a pin of jet and gold, owned by his niece, the subject of our sketch, 
and inherited from her mother, his sister, was his. 

After the death of James, his widow, Lucy (Lyue), married 
Colonel John Taylor. They moved to Tennessee, then a sparsely 
settled frontier region. Here were born their daughters, Polly 
and Lucy Lyne. The latter married Dr. James Macklin and went 
to live at or near Beaver Dam Forks, in Tip ton County, Tenn- 
essee. 

Frances Ann Boyd was twice married, her first husband 
being William Henry Hodge, of Tarboro, North Carolina. Like the 
Lynes and the Boyds, the Hodges are widely scattered throughout 
our land, and were settled in many of our States at early dates. 
They were among the earliest New Englanders, many of whom 
were mariners, and in the course of their seafaring trade visited 
the coast towns of the Carolina s, where genial climate and other 
advantages led them to settle and establish homes. Some of the 
North Carolina Hodges are among their descendants. Others 
came by way of Virginia, which continually served as a feeder to 
the new States to the southward and westward. The 1790 United 
States Census reveals many Hodges in the State, and the name 
appears frequently in the early records. 

For many years, a Mr. Hodge, whose name appears as "A. 
Hodge," faithfully and ably served the State as public printer 
for a moderate stipend. Later mention is made of the firm of 
Arnett and Hodge, public printers, then Hodge and Blanchard, 
and later Hodge and Willis (or Wills). In 1789 a Hodge served 
as member of the legislative body, and his name is once written as 
"J. Hodge." A Joseph Hodge, possibly the same, was a repre- 
sentative from Orange County to the North Carolina Convention 
held at Fayetteville in 1789. Among the names of Revolutionary 
soldiers, reported by the Secretary of State to Congress in 1835, 
was an Alexander Hodge, who had been a private and a lieuten- 
ant, and a George Hodge, a private. 

William Henry Hodge, who married Frances Ann Boyd, 
received the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1825 at the University 
of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill. He owned the u gold mine" 
near Morganton, Burk County, North Carolina, which remained 



44 ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 

in the possession of the family until 1914. The children of Wil- 
liam Henry and Frances Ann Boyd Hodge were: Lucy Lyne 
Hodge; Elizabeth Barnes Hodge, born June 22, 1831; James B. 
Hodge, and William Henry Hodge. After Mr. Hodge's death, his 
widow married Colonel John Lewis, who had one daughter by a 
former marriage. Their residence was upon the large estate 
known as "The Grove," located about seven miles from Clarks- 
ville, in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. Here Elizabeth Barnes 
Hodge, with her sister and brothers, and their step-sister, Mary 
Eliza Lewis, grew to maturity. Mary Eliza Lewis, later, married 
Ben Marshall, of Charlotte County. 

To Colonel and Mrs. Lewis were born several children, 
among whom were: John Taylor Lewis, who married Lucy 
Townes ; Bichard Bullock Lewis, who served in Company E, 14th 
Virginia Eegiment, C. S. A., went to live at Clarksville, and 
married Sallie Moss; Fannie Lewis, who married Townes Boyd, 
and moved to Covington, Tennessee, and Leonard O. Lewis, of 
Clarksville, who married Sallie Townes, sister of Lucy Townes, 
above-mentioned. Colonel and Mrs. Lewis were laid to rest in 
the garden of their country home. 

In the late summer of 1847, Elizabeth Barnes Hodge, then 
just sixteen, but already affianced to Joseph Nicholas Edmunds, 
a rising young lawyer, with her sister, and step-sister, visited 
their mother's half-sister, Mrs. Lucy Lyne Taylor Macklin, in 
Tennessee. This journey, at that time, was quite a serious 
undertaking. Mrs. Lewis's letters to "Betty" (Elizabeth Barnes 
Hodge) are full of tender maternal solicitude. The distance 
separating them, which we would now consider trifling, looms 
up, in her anxiety for their welfare, to vast proportions, as she 
writes to her half-sister, Mrs. Macklin : "Oh, how I do wish I 
could see you and your children. But I am afraid I never shall. 
I wish you and the doctor (Doctor James Macklin, her husband), 
would return with the girls." The young ladies' visit lasted 
through the winter. In January, Elizabeth's fiance wrote of the 
possibility of his coining out to escort them home in the month 
of April, "if the ice did not get off the river till then," but if the 
ice melted early in the season, he suggested that he might come 
the latter part of February and they might all return together 
about the middle of March. He remarks that it took Elizabeth's 
last letter twenty-five days to reach him. According to agree- 
ment he went out in the spring to bring home the girls, and on 
July 10, 1848, Joseph Nicholas Edmunds and Elizabeth Barnes 
Hodge were united in marriage at the home of the bride in 
Clarksville. 

Mrs. Edmunds' sister Lucy passed away in her early woman- 
hood, having never married. Her brother James married, but 
had no children. The youngest of William Henry Hodge's chil- 



ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE EDMUNDS 45 

dren, William Henry Hodge, Jr., married Sallie Jennings, and 
to them were born four children, Bettie, James, Nannie and 
Mildred. 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Nicholas Edmunds lived for a time at 
Charlotte Court House, Virginia, where Mr. Edmunds engaged 
in the practice of law with his brother-in-law, but later removed 
to the large Woodburn plantation on the Staunton river. Their 
children were : Lucy Lyne Edmunds, who married Captain Edwin 
Edmunds Bouldin, of Danville; Henry Edmunds, who died in 
infancy; Frances Boyd Edmunds, who married Robert LeRoy 
Colernan, of Halifax County; Joseph Littleton Edmunds, born 
August 29, 1856 ; Elizabeth Hodge Edmunds, born June 18, 1860. 
who married Edward Ragland Monroe ; Martha Morton Edmunds, 
born April 25, 1864 ; and Mildred Annie Edmunds, born July 10, 
1872, who married Thomas Nicholas Gaines. 

It was in the midst of the stirring and heart-rending experi- 
ences of the Civil War, which occurred during the early child- 
hood of the elder Edmunds children, that their father, with other 
members of Company B, First Virginia Regiment Reserve 
Forces, performed gallant service in defense of their home and 
community. 

Elizabeth Barnes Hodge Edmunds died in 1885 and was laid 
to rest in the cemetery at Danville, Virginia. Her husband, who 
died six years later, and her sou Joseph Littleton, who died un- 
married in 1910, rest by her side. 

Mrs. Edmunds' daughter Elizabeth, who married Mr. Mon- 
roe and resides at Brookneal, Campbell County, Virginia, is 
greatly interested in genealogical and historical studies, and 
along these lines, in tracing her family history, has done expert 
work. She has in her possession many interesting letters and 
other relics closely connected with her family history, and among 
these, none are more highly prized than a family set of jewelry 
inherited from her mother. The set consists of a bracelet, a ring 
and a pin. The bracelet is formed by two oval clasps of gold 
framework, and is of unique design. On the back of the pin is 
engraved the inscription : 

''Frances Lyne, N. A. Jany 19, 1770. 

O. B. Aug. 23, 1789." 

This Frances Lyne was Frances Bullock, who married James 
Lyne, and through four generations this precious heirloom has 
come down to its present owner. 



HENRY RAVENSCROFT BRYAN 

JUDGE HENRY R. BRYAN, of New Bern, North Carolina, 
whose long life of conspicuous usefulness has made him one 
of the best known and most highly esteemed citizens of North 
Carolina, comes of a family which has been identified with 

/ / 

that State for nearly one hundred and seventy years, which in 
that period has extended over the South Atlantic States from 
Virginia to Georgia, and in every generation has furnished a num- 
ber of splendid citizens to the Republic. 

This high type of gentleman was born at New Bern, March 
8, 1836, son of John Heritage and Mary Williams Shepard 
Bryan. His father was a distinguished lawyer and prominent in 
his generation. He was born in New Bern in 1798, graduated 
from the University of North Carolina in 1815, was a member of 
the State Senate of North Carolina in 1823 and 1824, represented 
his district in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses at Wash- 
ington, declined re-election, and located in Raleigh where he prac- 
ticed his profession. John H. Bryan was not twenty-seven years 
of age when he entered the Federal Congress, and had the distinc- 
tion of being the youngest member of that body during the presi- 
dency of John Quiucy Adams. 

Hon. H. R. Bryan received his preliminary educational train- 
ing at a famous old school in Raleigh, known as Lovejoy's Military 
Academy, conducted by J. M. Lovejoy, one of the great teachers 
of his generation. From there, at the age of sixteen, Judge Bryan 
entered the University of North Carolina, in 1852, graduating 
with distinction in 1856, delivering the Latin Salutatory, which 
indicates his high standing as a student of the University. In 
June, 1857, he was licensed to practice law, and has followed his 
profession with eminent success for fifty-eight years. The earlier 
years of his life were spent in Raleigh. Since 1860 he has made 
New Bern his home. In 1860 he served as Clerk of the United 
States Circuit Court of Raleigh, and was a presidential elector on 
the Democratic ticket in 1882, when General W. S. Hancock was 
the nominee. In 1892 he was elected Judge of the Second Judicial 
District and served in that position by re-election for two terms, 
covering a period of sixteen years. He has been Mayor of his 
town and has served as Vice-President of the Penitentiary Board. 
With the exception, however, of these sixteen years on the Bench 
practically his entire professional life has been spent in the active 
practice of the law. During his whole professional career he has 

[46] 







y 






HENRY RAVENSCROFT BRYAN 49 



served as Attorney for several corporations, but general practice 
has consumed the most of his time. 

He has given long and faithful service to the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, having served as a vestryman for about fifty years, 
is junior warden of his parish and Chancellor of the Diocese of 
Eastern North Carolina. 

He was married at New Bern on November 24, 1859, to Mary 
Biddle Norcott, born in Greenville, North Carolina, in 1841, 
daughter of John and Sarah Frances (Biddle) Norcott. Eight 
children have been born to Judge and Mrs. Bryan. The first child, 
Sarah Frances, educated at Stuart Hall, Staunton, Virginia, mar- 
ried in 1885 John Barrett Broadfoot. Her children are Mary 
Norcott, William Gillies, Frances Bryan and Henry Bryan Broad- 
foot. The second child, Frederick Charles, was educated at the 
University of North Carolina, married Allis Williams, and is 
traffic manager of the Allis-Chalmers Company, of Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin. The third child, Mary Norcott, was educated at St. 
Mary's, Kaleigh, North Carolina, and married Henry Adolphus 
London. Her children are Mary Norcott and John Bryan London. 
The fourth child, Henry Ravenscroft, was educated at the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina, is a traveling salesman, married Willie R. 
Law and has one daughter, Elizabeth Poe Bryan. The fifth child, 
Shepard Bryan, graduated at the University of North Carolina, 
is a prominent lawyer of Atlanta, Georgia, married Florence K. 
Jackson, and has three children : Marion Cobb, Florence Jackson 
and Mary Norcott Bryan. The sixth child, Kate, was educated 
at St. Mary's, Raleigh, North Carolina, and married Francis F. 
Duffy. Her children are, Henry Bryan and Frances Stringer 
Duffy. The seventh child, Margaret Shepard, was educated at St. 
Mary's, Raleigh. The eighth child, Isabelle Constance, was edu- 
cated at St. John Baptist School, New York, and married Edwin 
H. Jordan. 

This Bryan family is descended from William Bryan, who 
married in England in 1689 Alice Needham, daughter of an Irish 
Lord (the present earldom of Kilmorey is still held by the Irish 
Needhams) . William Bryan with his wife Alice emigrated to Vir- 
ginia shortly after their marriage, settling in Nansemond County, 
and some fifty years later, to be exact, in 1747, some of their 
descendants moved to North Carolina, settling in Craven County, 
and it is to this branch that Judge Bryan belongs. 

Coming to America with the prestige of high social position, 
with large land grants direct from the crown of England, the 
Bryan family assumed at the start a commanding position. 
William Bryan and his descendants were evidently men of force, 
for they were able to hold their own with the best brain of the 
New World in all affairs both of Church and State. 

A generation after the establishment of the family in North 



50 HEXRY RAYEXSCROFT BRYAN 

Carolina Colonel John Bryan, great-grandfather of Judge Henry 
K. Bryan, was a prominent figure in State affairs. He was a 
member of the Provincial Congress of North Carolina, which met 
at Halifax, and served as an officer in the Patriot Armies during 
the American Kevolution. 

Judge Bryan's father has already been referred to. After 
his early and voluntary retirement from Congress he lived in 
Kaleigh, where he was an esteemed member of the Bar until his 
death on May 10, 1870. Other interesting personalities were 
among Judge Bryan's ancestors. 

William Heritage, back in the time of Queen Anne, was edu- 
cated at Harrow, England, became a very able lawyer, served as 
Queen's Counsel in North Carolina, and, in recognition of his 
services, a memorial tablet has recently been placed by one of 
the patriotic societies in honor of his memory. He was a great- 
great-grandfather of Judge Bryan on the paternal side. 

Another interesting character was Frederick Blount, a 
planter and lawyer of recognized ability, his family dating back 
to the earliest Colonial period, probably about 1660. Mr. Blount's 
father, grandfather and great-grandfather held public positions 
in the Colonial period. Frederick Blount was the great-grand- 
father of Judge Bryan on the maternal side. The name Blount 
is of Norman origin and dates back to William the Conqueror, 
the name at that time being LeBlount. 

The Blounts came to Virginia in 1664, a branch settling in 
eastern North Carolina, and from this North Carolina family 
was descended the Tennessee family, so conspicuous in the early 
history of Tennessee, and for whom a County in that State was 
named. 

Judge Bryan has been through life a man of unassuming 
habit, of even temper, profoundly versed in the law, and with a 
great fund of general information. His written work for the 
public has been confined to occasional short articles on questions 
of present interest. He has never courted popular favor, but 
throughout his long, laborious, and useful life he has been a good, 
quiet American citizen, striving to perform his duties faithfully, 
as these duties have developed in the day's work. And now, past 
the Biblical three score and ten, he enjoys the fullest esteem of 
the people with whom he has lived, and for whom he has worked 
for fifty-five years. 



FRANK THOMAS GLASGOW 

FRANK THOMAS GLASGOW, uow of Lexington, Virginia, 
was born on November 16, 1854, in the village of Fincastle, 
Botetourt County, in the same State. On his father's side 
he is Scotch-Irish, and on his mother's he is descended from 
this same resolute stock in combination with that of the thrifty 
Germans. The Glasgows emigrating from Ulster, Ireland, made 
their first home in Pennsylvania, but early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury found their way through the Valley of Virginia to a point 
near Lexington, Rockbridge County, then included in the widely 
extended County of Augusta. Rockbridge is named after its far- 
famed physical feature, Natural Bridge, but it is not fanciful 
altogether to see in its inhabitants something of that strong 
sturdiness associated with rock-ribbed Aberdeen, or with the 
Ulster patriots. 

The path of the Glasgows has been followed or paralleled by 
the Spears family of Rockingham, one of whose members married 
a direct descendant of Joist Hite, the first white settler in the 
Valley. 

The parents of Frank T. Glasgow were Elizabeth Spears and 
her husband, William Anderson Glasgow. In the latter his 
friends recognized a virile and forceful lawyer and a command- 
ing personality of robust and positive character, whom they 
induced to represent them in the Virginia Senate. Here, as at 
home, he served his fellows with a vigorous and uncompromising 
uprightness. Those outstanding qualities which marked his char- 
acter are discernible also in Alexander McNutt, his uncle, who 
came from Nova Scotia during the Revolutionary War to aid 
his Virginia relatives, and, later, also in Judge Francis T. Ander- 
son of the Supreme Court of Virginia. Of this Judge Anderson, 
for whom Frank Thomas Glasgow is named, there still lives in 
Lexington a noted son, William A. Anderson, who by his services 
at the Bar, in the Constitutional Convention and as Attorney 
General of the State, has added luster to a family with a record 
already brilliant. 

Young Glasgow was born in that era of our country's history 
which was big with fateful deeds. His early boyhood spanned 
that period of war and struggle which must have left upon him 
vivid impressions and indelible memories. For most boys of that 
day the education of experience was radical though rich ; but the 
education in the schools was a disturbed and disorganized process, 

[53] 



54 FRANK THOMAS GLASGOW 

with many changes of teachers and as many varieties of method 
and discipline. Young Glasgow received his preliminary educa- 
tion in the male academy of Fincastle, from which in due time 
he proceeded to Washington and Lee University. With this Uni- 
versity his family has had many ties, chief among them at that 
time being the interest his father, an honored trustee, was taking 
in its welfare. In 1874 Frank Glasgow completed his college 
course by procuring his B.A. degree ; but in 1877 he matriculated 
at the University of Virginia for the study of law. By dint of 
close application he completed the course then prescribed in one 
year, and was graduated in 1878 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Law. In addition to his signal achievement, equaled by his 
brother Robert's graduation in medicine in the same session, 
Frank Glasgow was successful in winning the orator's medal in 
the Jefferson Literary Society. This is a highly coveted honor 
won in successive sessions by many distinguished men, including 
President Wilson in 1880. 

In a little more than a year after his graduation, while yet 
a young barrister in Fincastle, he married, October 7, 1879, Miss 
Grace Woodson McPheeters. The marriage took place in the 
manse of Falling Spring Church (Rockbridge County), then occu- 
pied by her uncle, Rev. David W. Shanks, D.D. Of the union of 
Frank T. Glasgow and Grace Woodson McPheeters there are four 
children, namely: Mrs. Ellen Glasgow Landis, Rev. Samuel 
McPheeters Glasgow, Charles Spears Glasgow and Thomas Mc- 
Pheeters Glasgow. Samuel, the eldest son (an A.B. of Washing- 
ton and Lee) is married his wife was Mary Finley Mclllwaine 
and is now exercising his ministry in Texas. Charles, A.B. and 
B.L. of Washington and Lee University, is a lawyer in Charlotte, 
North Carolina, and Thomas, already an A.B. of Washington and 
Lee, is now a student of law in that institution. 

Mr. Glasgow remained in Fincastle from 1879 to 1885 prac- 
ticing his profession with success and with an increasing reputa- 
tion based upon his probity, his ability and his energy. In 1885 
he found it to his advantage to move to Lexington where he has 
made for himself a foremost place in his profession. In the 
practice of the law Mr. Glasgow insists that there are two impera- 
tive principles upon which the goodwill of clients depends. These 
are to agree with the clients as to the fee before being retained, 
and to turn over to the client any moneys collected for him as 
soon as possible. By illustrating in his own practice these funda- 
mental principles Mr. Glasgow has entrenched himself in the 
confidence of the people and at the same time increased the num- 
ber of his clients. He has rendered to the State valuable service 
by accepting a gubernatorial appointment to the Board of State 
Bar Examiners, charged with examining all applicants who 



FRANK THOMAS GLASGOW 55 

desire to practice law before the courts of Virginia. By his 
earnings and investments he is now a man of substantial fortune. 

It is somewhat surprising that a man of Mr. Glasgow's ability 
and gift as a public speaker has not entered more largely into the 
public life. It is true that he was a delegate to that National 
Democratic Convention in Chicago that first nominated William 
Jennings Bryan, and that, at various times, he has actively en- 
gaged in political campaigns in the Valley and in the adjoining 
counties ; but his voice has been lifted for others, not for himself, 
as he has never sought public office. He preferred loyalty to his 
chosen profession, the law ; and has been unwilling to subordinate 
it to public life, notwithstanding the urgency of friends that he 
accept positions manifestly in his reach in the State Legislature 
and in the National Congress. 

His interest in higher education has been in large measure 
given to Washington and Lee University, of which his father 
was trustee and in which his father's sons and grandsons were 
educated. He himself succeeded his father as trustee and has 
given to his Alma Mater a hearty and unselfish service. But Mr 
Glasgow's intelligent interest in education has not been with- 
held from schools of lower grade, and especially the public school 
system. He believes in the education of the people, but shares 
with many the fear that substantial training may be sacrificed to 
what might be termed non-essentials. 

It is easv to read in his family history the dominant and 

f C/ */ 

almost undivided strain of Presbyterianism, the form through 
which the subject of this sketch manifests consistently and per- 
sistently his views of vital and invigorating religion. He is in 
full harmony with the uncompromising type of Scotch-Irish 
Presbyterianism, and has worked with concentrated earnestness 
to further the interests of his church and of universal religion. 
For many years he has served as elder in his home church ; and 
out of his long experience has drawn the conclusion that the 
sanest and simplest solution of the church's financial problem 
is to be found in the enjoined virtue of offering tithes. He was 
chosen to lead the memorable fight on the floor of the Birming- 
ham General Assembly against the then movement towards union 

d 

with the Northern Presbyterian Church. He has frequently ren- 
dered active service in the church courts; was once Moderator 
of Lexington Presbytery; and was one of the selected speakers 
at the "John Calvin Celebration" at the meeting of the Assembly 
in Savannah. 

This brief sketch of Mr. Glasgow's life attests that he belongs 
to that limited group, unhappily too scarce in any community, 
of simple, solid, substantial men whose lives are dominated by a 
passion for honesty, truth and religion. 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 

IN 1815, just one hundred years ago, the battle of Waterloo 
ended the fifteen-year contest between Great Britain and 
Napoleon. Then, as now, Great Britain had financed her 

various allies during this long and desperate struggle. 
Though the country had never been invaded, it had necessarily 
suffered from this immense and long continued drain upon its 
resources. Moved by their necessities, and inspired by the same 
strength which had enabled them to carry on the fifteen-year war, 
the British people steadfastly settled down to peaceful industry 
with the result that the next twenty-five years were perhaps the 
most prosperous in the history of the country. In 1865, just fifty 
years after Waterloo, the people of our southern States were 
confronted with a condition tenfold more serious than that of 
England in 1815. Not only had they carried on for four years 
what was, up to that time, the greatest war in all history, but 
their country had been overrun in a large part by hostile armies, 
their houses and buildings in many cases burned, their live stock 
killed, their local industries annihilated, their agriculture re- 
duced almost to nothing, and all their capital had utterly van- 
ished. The surviving Confederate soldiers, on their return to 
their ruined estates, faced a condition as nearly desperate as man 
had ever confronted, but the courage of the men who had fol- 
lowed Lee, Jackson, Johnson and the other great leaders, did not 
quail before this new task. The impartial historian is compelled 
to admit that, great as were the qualities shown by these soldiers 
in their four years' campaign, the work which they later did in the 
rebuilding of their country reflects greater credit upon their 
strong qualities than did their warlike deeds, marvelous as they 
were. This story has to deal with one of these men, who, now 
passed the Biblical three score and ten years, can look back upon 
fifty-four years of as loyal service to his State and nation as that 
ever given by any man in its annals. 

Major William Alexander Smith, of Ansonville, was born on 
January 11, 1843, on the old Nelme (or Nelms) homestead on the 
banks of the Pee Dee Kiver. His parents were William Grove 
Smith, of whom further mention will be made, and his wife, 
Eliza Sydnor Nelme, descended from John Nelme, a native of the 
Isle of Skye. As the Smith family originally came from Hert- 
fordshire, England, and the Nelme family from Scotland, Major 
Smith's blood is, therefore, English and Scotch. 

[56] 



THE 






A* 

121 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 59 

William Grove Smith was a man of means and gave to his 
son the best that the section offered in the way of educational 
advantages. His first training in the log school-house near his 
home recalls to men of the older generation in the South the old 
field schools from which came some of the greatest minds of the 
South in the generations preceding the war. At the proper time 
he entered Davidson College, which has always borne a high char- 
acter for the quality of training given to its students. 

Major Smith as a youth was not of robust frame, but he 
possessed marked ability, was a good student, had ambition, and 
he entered heartily into the sports of his fellow-students. He 
made fine progress in his studies, and was a member of the soph- 
omore class when, in April, 1861, the lowering political clouds 
burst into a flame of war. Descended from soldierlv stock on 

t/ 

both sides, the spirited youth of eighteen volunteered in the Anson 
guards, a company organized by Captain R. T. Hall, which 
was the first company raised in Anson County and the first to 
offer its services to the Governor of the State. In June, 1861, 
Charles E. Smith, brother to W. A. Smith, became the captain 
of this company. Ordered into camp, it came into contact with 
the Buncombe "rough and ready guards," of which the famous 
Z. B. Vance was captain, and these two companies, with others, 
were organized into the Fourth Regiment of Volunteers with 
Juiiius Daniel as colonel. Later this regiment became known as 
the Fourteenth Regiment of State Troops. They were ordered 
to Norfolk, camped at Suffolk ; and remained near Burwell's 
Bay until the spring of 1862. This long period of exemption from 
active participation in campaign work led to its being one of the 
best drilled regiments in the army. In the great campaign of 
1862 they participated in the first battle at William sburg, again 
in the battle at Seven Pines, and then in the Homeric Seven Days' 
Battle around Richmond, being at that time under the command 
of Colonel William Johnston, a very gallant officer, who during 
the war received no less than seven wounds. The regiment made 
a fine record for gallant conduct and in its ranks there was no 
braver soldier than private William Alexander Smith. 

Up to July 1, 1862, he had gone unscathed through the 
bloody campaign, but on that day was made the heroic but use- 
less charge at Malvern Hill, which resulted in such heavy loss 
to the attacking force. Private Smith was one of the victims of 
that dreadful repulse. Edmund F. Fenton, a private of Company 
C of the Fourteenth Regiment, tells the story in these words : 

"The writer of this picked up the bloody and desperately 
wounded boy lying nearest the enemies' guns, faint from the loss of 
blood and without murmur or groan, we bore him to the rear. We 
never left his side until placed in the tender care of his loving 
and praying mother. For six months Major Smith hovered be- 



GO WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 

tween life and death. The devotion and careful nursing, and the 
prayers of his Christian mother at length prevailed and the 
beardless boy's life was spared to the world, but the wound re- 
ceived at Malvern Hill has made him a cripple for life." 

The Smith family shared in full measure in the losses which 
fell upon the South. The crippled young soldier had to face the 
problems of a new day with the most slender equipment of mate- 
rial resources, rich only in ability and undaunted courage. 

In 1866 Major Smith started a small mercantile business at 
Ansonville, and from the very start he showed a natural aptitude 
for business life. His undertaking so far prospered that on 
December 3, 1869, he was married to Miss Mary Bennett, daughter 
of Mr. L. D. Bennett, and sister of Captain Frank Bennett, who 
was the commander of the sharpshooters of the Twenty-third 
Regiment. Captain Frank Bennett was one of those heroic spirits 
who halt at nothing in the service of their country. He was 
wounded at Seven Pines in 1862, at Chancellorsville in 1863, at 
Spotsylvania in 1864 and, further, lost an arm at Hatcher's Run 
in 1865. 

Major Smith was fortunate in his marriage. The bond be- 
tween himself and wife was such that his home life left nothing 
to be desired. During the forty-five years that they traveled 
side by side this ideal life was marred only by the loss of the 
three children born to them, all of whom passed away young, but 
this great personal grief to the parents resulted in the enrich- 
ment of their lives in dealing with others, and no woman of her 
day in North Carolina had to her credit a more splendid record 
of good deeds and hard service than Mrs. Smith, while Major 
Smith who still abides is known to all men for his good works. 
His mercantile business continued to prosper and eventually he 
was able to retire from that line of business with a handsome 
fortune, and to become interested in manufacturing. 

The development of cotton manufacturing in the South has 
been most remarkable. Many men now in middle life can recall 
when it was utterly insignificant. To-day the Southern mills 
consume more bales annually than do the Northern mills with 
all their generations of accumulated capital and experience. 
Major Smith has contributed his part to this result, as President 
of the Yadkin Falls Manufacturing Company and of the Eldorado 
Cotton Mills. He became also President of the Carolina Con- 
struction Company. The first man in his county to recognize the 
importance of the telephone and its constantly increasing value, 
he organized and became President of the Pee Dee News Transit 
Company. 

Notwithstanding his attention to these large interests he 
never lost his love for the land, because that was in his blood. 
He became owner of the old family plantation on the Pee Dee 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 61 

River by a purchase from the other heirs of their interest. On 
this place he has made a 1500 acre plantation which is one of 
the best in its section, and his success in this direction has been 
commensurate with that achieved by him as a merchant and 
manufacturer. His ability as a farmer gained him recognition 
at the hands of the Governor, who appointed him a delegate to 
represent North Carolina in the Farmers' National Congress, 
held at Sioux Falls, North Dakota a most honorable appoint- 
ment. 

Prosperous as have been his material affairs, and busy as he 
has been, he has found time to give his full measure of service 
to everything bearing upon the communal welfare of the people. 

A man of strong religious convictions, he has been for many 
years a prominent figure in the work of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church. For twenty-five years he has been an attendant upon 
the Diocesan Conventions as a delegate from his parish. Since 
the organization of the Thompson Orphanage and Training School 
more than twenty years a 20 he has been a member of its board 

t t- C^ 

of managers, and greatly interested in the care and training of 
the destitute little children in that most worthy institution. For 
many years he has been a trustee of the University of the South 
at Sewanee. He is a trustee of the Boys' Church School at Salis- 
bury, and, himself a lover of good reading, which includes con- 
stant study of the Bible and such classic authors as Sir Walter 
Scott and Robert Burns, he takes a profound interest in educa- 
tion, and has made large personal donations for schools and 
libraries. It is said that every public school in Auson County 
has been benefited by his generous gifts. It is also said that 
no worthy boy seeking education has ever been denied assistance 
by Major Smith. So strongly has this idea of helping in educa- 
tional ways governed him that, though he has been helpful to his 
relatives in many ways, he has been especially so in the matter 
of securing for them educational advantages. 

His interest in church work has had one most beneficial 
result. One of the principal movers in the building of All Souls' 
Church in the village of Ansonville, he designed and planned the 
building which has proven so admirably suited to the purpose for 
which it was built that it has been adopted as a model for other 
church buildings. The Diocesan Convention conferred upon him 
the greatest honor which can come to a layman by electing him 
a delegate to the General Convention of the Church in the United 
States. This honor he declined. 

He has been active also in fraternal life ; he has been long a 
member of the Kilwinning Lodge of Masons, and of Webb Chap- 
ter of the Royal Arch Masons, he is a Knight Templar, and in 
these orders he has been Secretary and Worshipful Master of 
the Blue Lodge and High Priest and Grand Lecturer of the Chap- 



62 WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 

ter. He has never withheld his help from any well-planned meas- 
ure of a constructive character in his community. This has led 
to his zealous participation in the movement for the building 
of good roads, which at this moment promises more for the farm 
interests of the South than any other one project. 

His devotion to his old comrades in arms has been as un- 
wearying as it has been beautiful. One of these, Private Fenton, 
referring in a most feeling way to this trait of Major Smith's 
character, says : "I know Major Smith's love for his comrades in 
arms better than others because I am one of the unfortunates 
myself." Again he says: "I once heard the Major express in 
words this beautiful thought, 'I may not travel this road again 
and while I am here I want my stay to be not only pleasant to 
myself but enjoyable to others.' 

Major Smith succeeded his brother-in-law, Captain Frank 
Bennett, as commander of the Anson Camp, U. C. V., and served 
for some years as Inspector General of the Second Brigade, 
U. C. V. with the rank of Major on the staff of General W. L. Lon- 
don. As a labor of love he has compiled a history of the Anson 
Guards, of which he was a member, and which company carried 
the flag in all honor from Williamsburg to Appomattox. This is 
purely a personal venture at his own expense, all that the other 
members of the company were called upon to do being to con- 
tribute to the details of the story. 

William Grove Smith, father of Major Smith, was the son 
of John and Mary (Bellyew) Smith. This name, Bellyew, has 
since been changed into Bellew. William Grove Smith inherited 
a handsome property from his father, was a man of large personal 
popularity, and at the age of twenty-three was elected Colonel 
of the Anson County Militia. He was in that position in 1831 
when there was great apprehension of a negro outbreak resulting 
from the Nat Turner insurrection in lower Virginia. The news 
of this spread among the negro population, and in the lower Cape 
Fear country they sought to rise. The agitation was promptly 
suppressed and several of the agitators were executed in Wil- 
mington. In Anson County there was no demonstration. William 
Grove Smith served as Justice of the Peace and Chairman of the 
County Court, was a man of high personal character, of excep- 
tional intelligence, modest in expression but strong in his con- 
victions, a planter of large means, and liberal and generous with 
his friends. His character may be best illustrated by the state- 
ment of the fact that, though deprived of a large part of his means 
by the war, he devoted the residue of his fortune to paying more 
than $100,000 of security debts, to which he was bound by obliga- 
tions made in more prosperous days before the war. Although 
never a seeker after public place, the people of Anson in the dark 



WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 63 

reconstruction days elected him to represent them in the Consti- 
tutional Convention of 1868. He died November 5, 1879. 

John Smith, grandfather of Major Smith, was one of seven 
brothers, of which he became the most noted. He was a large 
planter and slave owner, served in the Legislature from 1821 
to 1826, as Justice of the Peace, and as member of the County 
Court. Major Smith's great-grandfather was John Smith, the 
immigrant, who was born in Hertfordshire, England, who came 
to America about 1750, and first located in Virginia but soon 
moved to Anson County where he located some three miles from 
the present village of Lilesville, on a creek that was afterwards 
called "Smith's Creek," taking its name from him. As the coun- 
try settled up John Smith became one of the most prominent 
and influential men of the community. 

He married Mary Flake, the only child of Samuel Flake of 
North Carolina, by his first wife. By his second wife Samuel 
Flake became the ancestor of Flavel Flake of Anson County. At 
the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, John Smith promptly 
aligned himself with the patriots. In the extreme southeastern 
section of North Carolina, along the Cape Fear and down into 
South Carolina, the Tories were very active. While Mr. Smith 

/ > 

was absent from home in the public service a band of Tories 
came to his house and robbed it of everything of any value which 
could be carried off. It is related that the particular article 
whose loss was most grievously felt by Mrs. Smith was her large 
wash pot, which had been imported from England, which she 
found it impossible to replace. The Tories had a v r ery bitter 
hatred toward John Smith and evidenced it by taking the blanket 
from around Mrs. Smith's little baby. 

In the maternal line Major Smith's mother was the great- 
granddaughter of John Nelnie, a native of the Isle of Skye, off the 
west coast of Scotland, and whose family was of high standing 
in the Old Country. This name has become corrupted in our time 
to Nelms. 

Charles Nelme, one of the immigrants, was an officer in the 
First Virginia Artillery Regiment during the Revolution. He 
married Eliza Sydnor, and their son Presly Nelms came to North 
Carolina settling first in Franklin County and later in Anson 
County, where he married Anne M. Ingram, daughter of Joseph 
Ingram, of which marriage was born Eliza Sydnor Nelms, mother 
of Major William Alexander Smith. 

The story has been given here briefly of a man who is a real 
country builder. It must be borne in mind that in the last analy- 
sis the moral force of a nation is of more value in the perpetuation 
of its institutions than its material force. The man, therefore, 
who contributes only in a material way, however strong he 
may be, however large his work, lacks the most essential ele- 



64 WILLIAM ALEXANDER SMITH 

ment in permanent up-building. Brick and mortar must perish, 
but character lasts. When, therefore, a man is found who has 
been diligent in business and by reason of that diligence has 
himself prospered and has been helpful in improving the condi- 
tions of his community, he is to be commended. But, when to 
that he adds the highest moral quality, when he has measured his 
conduct towards his fellows by the Golden Rule, when he has 
shown a large hearted spirit of charity in all his dealings, when 
he has not only preached but also practiced generous doctrines, 
both in business and in social life, that man is a true country 
builder. Such a man is William Alexander Smith. 

One of the greatest of English authorities gives a list of 
more than six hundred Smith families which in the last five hun- 
dred years have won distinction in Great Britain. The short biog- 
raphies published in British encylopaedias of these Smiths would 
make a considerable volume. The Hertfordshire Smiths, have, 
according to that authority, a common ancestor in one Thomas 
Smith of Nottingham. A list of seven families descended from 
this Thomas Smith is given, one in Nottingham, one in Scilly 
Isles, and five in Hertfordshire, all using the same Coat of Arms, 
and all acknowledging the same descent. To this family belongs 
General Smith-Dorrien, who holds high rank in the British army 
and who commands part of the English army in France in the 
great war with Germany. There are several titles in the various 
branches of this family. In addition to those enumerated above 
there appears to have been a Sussex and a Surrey family claim- 
ing this same descent. It is one of the most widely spread of the 
prominent Smith families of England. 

The Coat of Arms shows : 

Arms: Or, a chevron cotised between two demi griffins 
couped respecting each other in chief, and a like griffin in base 
sable. 

Crest : An elephant's head erased or, eared gules and charged 
on the neck with three fleurs-de-lis, azure two and one. 

Motto : Tenax et fidelis. 




MARY JANE BENNETT SMITH 



MARY JANE BENNETT SMITH 

IF the accepted definition of a heroine a woman of a brave 
and self-sacrificing spirit be correct, then, indeed, the life 
and the work of that most estimable lady whose name heads 

this page, entitles her to permanent place amongst those 
heroines of American history who have voluntarily rendered 
noble, courageous and valuable service to mankind. The record 
of the lives of such brave and devoted souls is tenderly cherished 
by posterity and the whole nation properly delights to perpetu- 
ate and honor their memory. A true heroine was the late Mary 
Jane Bennett Smith, wife of Major William A. Smith, of Anson- 
ville, North Carolina. 

Proud of her ancestry, she was yet simple and sincere; edu- 
cated, she was a friend to the unlettered while a foe to ignorance; 
possessing exceptional personal attractions and charm, together 
with a carriage graceful in the extreme, she was approachable 
and unaffected ; wealthy, she was tender-hearted and charitable. 
Her ear w T as always open to the cry of distress, her sympathy 
ever ready to comfort and her hand swift to relieve. "She spent 
her days doing good." No spectacular or sensational effect 
marked her actions no wide notoriety or public applause did 
she covet. A higher and better reward was hers in the profound 
respect and esteem felt by all who knew her, in the admiration 
and gratitude of those she helped, and in the deep and true affec- 
tion of her relatives and friends. A cultured lady of gentle birth 
and of many attractions and accomplishments, such was the 
beauty of her Christian character, such her devotion to all that 
is good and true, and so great the natural kindness of her heart, 
impelling her to assist all to whom she could in any way be of 
service, that a volume of this character and scope would be 
incomplete should more extended mention of her life and virtues 
be omitted. 

The Bennett family, from which this gracious lady was 
descended, is of ancient English lineage and includes many per- 
sonages amongst its members, both in the Old and the New 
World. The family name of the Earls of Arlington is Bennett, 
and others bearing the same surname have rendered important 
and valuable service in their day. Prominent in the family his- 
tory of Mrs. Bennett Smith is Major-General Kichard Bennett, 
an officer of high reputation and tried courage who exercised 
command in Cromwell's Army. On the passing of the power of 

[67] 



68 MARY JANE BENNETT SMITH 

the Roundheads and the revulsion of public sentiment in Eng- 
land in favor of the restoration of the monarchy, followed by the 
accession to the throne of Charles II, General Bennett, fearing, 
perhaps, for his personal safety, crossed the ocean and came to 
Virginia. Even there, however, he was not beyond the reach of 
action on the part of the Royalists detrimental to his interests, 
for Sir William Berkeley, the then Governor of the Colony, forced 
him to flee into Maryland where he settled in the County of Anne 
Arundel. Two of the General's brothers, named respectively, 
William and Neville, also emigrated to America and took up 
their residence in Anson County, North Carolina, about 1740. 

The William Bennett here referred to married a Miss Kuck- 
sten. This couple had two children, a son, William, Junior, 
and a daughter, Elizabeth. William, Senior, twice remarried, 
was the father of other children and removed to the State of 
South Carolina. He saw active service as a captain in the army 
during the War of the Revolution and died in the town of Ben- 
nettsville thus named as a tribute to his personality and service 
September 1, 1815. His children, Elizabeth and William, Jun- 
ior, continued to reside in Anson County, the latter marrying, 
in 1794, Susanna, daughter of the famous Dunn family of Vir- 
ginia, with which Sir David Dunn and his brother William were 
identified. Susanna's mother was Mary Sheffield, of Virginia. 
A son born to William and Susanna was named Lemuel Dunn 
Bennett. He married Jane Little, whose father came from Marls- 
gate, Cumberland, England. The Littles were a family of promi- 
nence and had intermarried with the Scott family of England 
and with the Lords of the Manor of Askerton. Mrs. Marv Jane 

*/ 

Bennett Smith, of whose family we are now treating, was the 
daughter of Lemuel Dunn Bennett and his wife Jane. 

The members of the Bennett family, both in the direct line 
and collateral branches, seem to be noted for the possession of an 
unusually strong and vigorous mentality. Among them stand 
out conspicuously the late Risden Tyler Bennett Judge, Mem- 
ber of Congress and Colonel and Mrs. Bennett Smith of whom 
we write. 

Born February 21, 1842, Mary, as she was known to her 
intimate friends, grew to be the sunshine of her parents' home. 
There, tenderly cared for and safeguarded from all that would 
tend to harm, she was educated by private tutors until of age to 
enter college. She then studied at the well-known Salem Acad- 
emy, and, later, graduated from St. Mary's at Raleigh. To this 
refined home influence, to the affectionate solicitude of her 
parents, to the private instruction she received and to the com- 
pletion of her education in college supplemented, of course, by 
natural ability and the innate sweetness of her disposition is 
undoubtedly due the perfection of her character as it developed 
in later life. 



MARY JANE BENNETT SMITH 69 

Her talents were many and varied, and it was hard to find 
any accomplishment in which she did not excel. Of the arts in 
their various forms she was an interested student, unusually skil- 
ful in their manipulation. Music was her comfort and joy; her 
pianoforte, touched by her capable fingers, giving sweet and sym- 
pathetic expression to the harmonies she loved. Painting often 
claimed her attention, and in the working of tapestry and in 
all kinds of needlecraft she was an authority. Her interest in 
culinary and domestic science was active and sustained. Flori- 
culture, in which she was very successful, yielded her much 
pleasure. The cultivation of the rose was her passion, her collec- 
tion of the queen of flowers being unrivaled. It was often said 
of her, so complete was her knowledge of literature, so extended 
her fund of general information and so remarkable her memory, 
that she was a veritable "walking encyclopaedia" to whom many 
turned for information and advice. A thrice delightful com- 
panion was she eminent for her personal charms, for the bril- 
liancv of her mental attainments and for the keenness of her 

t/ 

natural wit. 

Added to all this, Mrs. Bennett Smith was "beautiful, 
queenly and gracious;" her smile was as an illumination and 
gave an "indescribable loveliness to her face." Yet, withal, she 
was most modest and unassuming, with an utter lack of arro- 
gance or self-consciousness. Nor did she need strength of 
character or determination of purpose. These traits, as well as 
her personal bravery when occasion required it, were well exem- 
plified when, during the troublous days of the Civil War, she did 
not hesitate to defend her imperiled honor by presenting a pistol 
in the face of Sherman's army. The key-note of her character 
was, however, her unselfishness her kindness of heart and her 
generous helpfulness overshadowing all else. 

In December, 1869, she married Major William A. Smith, a 
gentleman of means and prominence, a sketch of whose life 
appears elsewhere in this volume. In him she found a fitting 
helpmate and a ready sympathizer in all the noble work she 
planned. Three children came to them, two of whom died while 
very young. The remaining daughter, to the profound grief of 
her parents, passed away in the full bloom of young womanhood 
when in her seventeenth year. The loss of the children was the 
supreme sorrow of the mother's life, some expression of which was 
given by Major Smith by the foundation, in Ansonville, of an 
educational institution called "Nona Institute," in memory of the 
little daughter, Nona, who died at the age of four years, and also 
by the erection of the "Etta and Nona" cloisters of the University 
of the South at Sewanee, Tennessee. 

Of an inquiring mind and tenacious memory Mrs. Bennett 
Smith profited greatly by her travels in her own land and by the 



70 MARY JANE BENNETT SMITH 

several trips which she made through Europe arid the Orient. 
Keenly observant, she noted the new and strange, acquired infor- 
mation, and, on her return, introduced practical and beneficial 
changes in dress, cooking, etc. changes which were subsequently 
largely adopted by the community. A true daughter of the South, 
she loved all that pertained to it. She claimed membership both 
in the Daughters of the Confederacy and the Daughters of the 
American Revolution. 

In nothing was the character of this American heroine more 
marked than in her devotion to the Christian religion and in her 
loyalty to the Episcopal Church of which she was a faithful 
adherent. Hers was practical Christianity; she searched for and 
found the poor and needy and quietly and confidentially opened 
her purse liberally to them. Her charity abounded without osten- 
tation. Like the Great Master, she "went about doing good." 

The home of Major and Mrs. Smith, known as "The Oaks," 
is celebrated for its location, its extent and its comfort. Old 
Colonial furniture, silver and glass, inherited from their forbears, 
appropriately decorate its interior. The garden, abounding in 
rare flowers and beautiful plants, claims the admiration of all 
and speaks eloquently of Mrs. Smith's special knowledge of and 
love for the jewels of the sod. The grass, the flowers, the trees, 
the graceful buildings, the horses and cows browsing peacefully 
in the rolling pastures, the large fish preserve, the Lake of Skye 
in the near distance, all aid in forming a scene of beauty and of 
calm content upon which it is a continual delight to gaze. Hos- 
pitality swings wide the door of this Southern home in a generous 
land provided only the guests be worthy. It was the home of one 
dear to many, of one who has now entered into her Great Inherit- 
ance, and whose memory rises fragrant as the beautiful flowers 
she loved so well It was the home of Mary Jane Bennett Smith. 
May the Reward treasured up for her be liberal and her Welcome 
sure! 



r THE_KEV7 YOKE 

PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASTOR, L 

Til TEN FG4JNDA'O 



WILLIAM WALTER PRESSLEY 

THE Presslev family is numbered among the early Colonial 
*. t/ c_* \j 

settlers in Virginia, the name of Colonel William Press- 
ley, of "Northumberland House," appearing first in the 
Northumberland County records for the year 1657. His 
son, Captain Peter Pressley, was an officer in the Colonial Militia, 
and the family attained prominence in the affairs of the Colony. 

William Walter Pressley, born at Sand Lick (now Birchleaf ) , 
Dickenson County, Virginia, was a son of Joshua D. Pressley, 
farmer and trader, and his wife, Eliza J. Counts, daughter of 
William L. Counts, who died in 1911, at the ripe age of ninety- 
six years. The Counts family, of German origin, was among the 
pioneers who took up land in Russell County, Virginia. 

W. W. Pressley has attained a remarkable measure of suc- 
cess in business, considering his environment, and perhaps that 
success is due largely to the blending in his veins of those Eng- 
lish and Teutonic strains of blood which for centuries have been 
the greatest moving force in the world. 

Young Pressley attended the District Schools of his native 
County, and in 1896 was a student at the High School in Clint- 
wood, Virginia. He taught school for several terms, and began 
his business career by entering the service of the Antler Coal and 

*y t ' 

Coke Company, at Welch, West Virginia, as store manager. Real- 
izing the value of a thorough commercial training and a knowl- 
edge of shorthand in business, he took a course at the Commercial 
College of the University of Kentucky, from which institution 
he was graduated in 1902. He then accepted a position with the 
Mahan Lumber Company, near Charleston, West Virginia, and 
was subsequently identified with the Clinchfield Coal Corpo- 
ration at Clintwood, Virginia, for two years. 

Mr. Pressley is a graduate of the American Institute of 
Banking and is a close student of the science of profitable manage- 
ment of money and monetary affairs, and of the systematic con- 
trol and regulation of revenue and expenditure. On the 6th of 
January, 1906, he was elected Cashier of the Dickenson County 
Bank, Inc., a position he has continuously occupied with marked 
ability. The Dickenson Bank is one of the most prosperous 
financial institutions in the southwestern section of Virginia. 
It is capitalized at $25,000.00 and has now a capital and surplus 
of nearly $75,000.00, the increase being derived exclusively from 
the earnings of the Bank. 

[73] 



74 WILLIAM WALTER PRESSLEY 

Mr. Pressley is recognized by his townsmen as a public- 
spirited citizen who can be depended on to render useful service 
to the community when needed, irrespective of any direct benefit 
to himself. For twelve years he has served as Trustee of the 
Dickenson County High School, and for a like period has been a 
member of the County School Board. 

He has given his political allegiance during his whole life 
to the Democratic party and has served as Chairman of the Demo- 
cratic Committee for four years. In this section of Virginia, 
where political battles are waged most fiercely, a leader must be 
constantly on the firing line throughout the contest. 

In fraternal circles Mr. Pressley is identified with the 
Masonic Lodge, the Modern Woodmen of America and the Red 
Men. His church connection is with the Missionary Baptist 
Church, of which he is one of the Deacons. 

Mr. Pressley married, September 9, 1907, at Clintwood, Vir- 
ginia, Miss Julia Colley, daughter of B. B. and Nannie Colley. 
They have two sons, Charles Burns and Harry Lee, both still 
young. 

In the prime of life, Mr. Pressley occupies an honored posi- 
tion secured by intelligent and faithful service, and has before 
him the promise of a most brilliant career. His interest and 
work has been most useful to the community of which he forms 
a part, and he is already a locally prominent citizen of a State 
noted for the ability and achievements of its sons. 



HOWARD WINFIELD GILL 

THE founder of a successful business whether it be indus- 
trial, mercantile or agricultural, takes a commendable 
pride in the enterprise which his years of energy, applica- 
tion and integrity have built. When he can retire from 
active business life and be relieved by a younger member of the 
family, competent to carry on the work, he doubtless realizes a 
satisfaction in his later years that could not be known to one 
who is compelled to contemplate the passing of his business to 
other hands. When the son does succeed the father, it is but 
natural that he should be inspired by family, as well as personal 
pride, to maintain the high reputation won, to enlarge and de- 
velop the business, and to keep pace w r ith the demands of the 
times and the changing conditions. For three generations the 
name of Gill has been prominently identified with the business 
and social life of Northumberland County, Virginia, and the 
family estate "The Aspens" at Alvalon, has long been an honored 
homestead. 

Howard Winfield Gill, son of Thomas Henry Gill and his 
wife Sarah Catherine Hurley, was born at "The Aspens" June 17, 
1876, and is engaged in manufacturing, developing still further a 
successful enterprise established by his father. 

Mr. Gill was educated at the public schools, and grew to 
manhood on the broad acres of the Gill properties, studying con- 
ditions conducive to successful agriculture. In addition to his 
other business interests, he has built up an extensive trade as an 
implement dealer. 

Politically Mr. Gill is an Independent, and is opposed to sup- 
porting candidates for public office solely on partisan principles. 
He has ably served the citizens of Northumberland County as a 
member of the Board of County Supervisors. He is a member 
and steward of Cornith Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Gill is 
unmarried. The surname Gill is of ancient origin in England, 
where it is found in the Parish records in County Devon as early 
as the year 1230, and Devon appears to have been the original 
family seat. It was here that the family Coat of Arms was con- 
firmed by the Heralds' visitation in the sixteenth century. The 
arms are registered in the Heralds College, London, and are thus 
described : 

"Lozengy argent and vert a lion rampant of the first. 

"Crest : a boar passant resting its forepaw on a crescent. 

[77] 



78 HOWARD WINFIELD GILL 



"Motto : In te, Doniine, Spes Nostra." 

Members of the Gill family were among the early settlers of 
Virginia, and the name frequently appears in Colonial records. 
It is also found in the Virginia Kevolutionary rolls among those 
who fought for the independence of our country. 

Through the Virginia Land Patents we learn that Dr. 
Stephen Gill was practicing medicine in Charles River County 
(now York), Virginia, as early as 1639. He was a justice of York 
in 1652 and a member of the House of Burgesses in the same 
year. His will, probated August 2, 1653, leaves his estate, quite a 
large one, to his wife Ann and children. 

In 1704 John Gill received a grant of 235 acres of land in 
Henrico County. 

Members of the family removed to the western portion of the 
colony, as evidenced by the Land Bounty Certificates, which 
record that Edward Gill, Sr., was a soldier in the Colonial Militia 
from the First Virginia Regiment, and received a tract of land 
in Botetourt County; and in 1742 James Gill was appointed 
Captain of Company 6, Augusta County Militia. The name of 
Jones Gill of Amherst County is found among the Revolutionary 
pensioners. 

Thus from the pioneer days of old Virginia down to the 
present time the various generations of the Gill family have been 
prominently identified with our military, civil and social life. 



'IITT TVT'C'^r? 



ASTOR, 
T 1 L D E N PS'J 



OMS 



JAMES NOAH HILLMAN 

THE battle of Kings Mountain was the turning point of the 
Revolutionary War. The Southern States were almost 
completely dominated by the English armies when Fer- 
guson made his expedition into western North Carolina. 
It was a thinly settled country occupied by hardy pioneers 
accustomed to struggling for existence with wild beasts and sav- 
age Indians. Remote from the activities of the more heavily 
settled eastern sections, their time occupied with holding the 
frontier against the Indians, the population had not, up to that 
time, taken an active part in the Revolutionary War. The people 
were nearly all of English and Scotch-Irish stock. Tories were 
practically unknown among them. They were Whigs and patriots 
practically to a man. Ferguson's expedition stirred them up like 
a nest of angry hornets, and down from the mountains of west- 
ern North Carolina, southwestern Virginia and eastern Tennessee 
swarmed these hardy mountaineers with their long rifles in over- 
whelming numbers ; and Ferguson, finding himself suddenly con- 
fronted by an army of foes of which he had not dreamed, was 
perforce himself under the necessity of making a retreat. The 
swift-footed mountaineers overtook him at Kings Mountain, and, 
notwithstanding a valorous defense, inflicted one of the most 
crushing defeats of the war, annihilating his force. Among the 
men who won this victory, none took a more active part than 
Colonel Campbell and his Virginians. Down to the present time, 
southwestern Virginia is occupied by the same stock. In these 
later days, the people go their way quietly, industriously and 
thriftly, but the fires of patriotism burn as brightly as ever, and 
only the occasion is required to bring out the virtues and the 
strength of these men who, in ordinary times, make no noise in 
the world. 

A fine representative of this splendid stock is James Noah 
Hillman, of Coeburn, Virginia. A young man, yet in the early 
thirties, he is doing splendid work in his section, and setting an 
example worthy of emulation in every part of our country. 

Mr. Hillman was born at Coeburn on November 6, 1883, son 
of Benjamin Franklin Hillman, who was a farmer by occupation. 
The maiden name of Mr. Hillman's mother was Greear. Mr. Hill- 
man went through the public schools of Wise County, finishing 
with a High School course at Wise Court House. Thence he went 
to the famous old William and Mary College at Williamsburg, 

[81] 



82 JAMES NOAH HILLMAN 

taking the A.B. and A.M. degrees. Leaving school, he became a 
school teacher, and his entire manhood life has been spent in that 
work, of which he has made a marked success. For the last five 
years he has been Division Superintendent of the Wise County 
Schools, and his work as Supervisor was so effective that, after 
serving one term of four years, he was re-elected for a second 
term, of which he has (1916) served three years. 

The progress that he has made is not the result of good for- 
tune, or of any preferential treatment by those in power, but is 
the result of his own earnest labor. He is himself responsible for 
the statement that the first money which he ever earned was at 
the age of thirteen or fourteen when he chopped wood a half day 
for a neighbor, receiving the large reward of twenty-five cents, 
while his first dollar was earned as a day laborer on a public road. 
This statement needs no comment and illustrates the quality of 
the man. 

He is prominent in fraternal circles, being a Mason, a Knight 
Templar, an Odd Fellow, a member of the Junior Order of Ameri- 
can Mechanics, of the Woodmen and of the Ked Men. He has 
been honored by his brethren with the gift of every office in the 
subordinate lodges, and has served the Masonic fraternity as a 
District Deputy Grand Master. In church matters he is an active 
Methodist, being Superintendent of the Sunday-school, Secretary 
of the Board of Trustees and Chairman of the Board of Stewards. 
Politically he would be classified as a Democrat. 

He was married in Williamsburg, Virginia, on June 28, 
1906, to Ethel Lee Powell, a native of Williamsburg, born Octo- 
ber 24, 1885, daughter of Floyd and Bettie Florence (Morris) 
Powell. Mr. and Mrs. Hillman have two children : James Noah 
Hillman, Jr., now (1916) nine years old, and Pauline Elaine 
Hillman. 

As might be expected of a man engaged in his work, Mr. 
Hillman has found general literature, historical and biographical 
works of most interest to him. His whole soul is enthused with 
his work, he being a strenuous believer in a system of public 
education that will make possible an efficient and happy educated 
citizenship, a system which will give the same opportunity to the 
boy in the mountain hovel as is now afforded the boy living in the 
splendid mansions of our cities. He hopes to see the day when 
there will be a nine months' public school in reach of every child, 
and a law in every State in the Union compelling attendance 
thereupon for a definite period. Himself a man of courage, not 
afraid of expressing his opinions, he is thoroughly convinced that 
the best interests of the State will be served when every citizen 
has the intelligence and courage to do his whole part, without 



JAMES NOAH HILLMAN 83 

hope of fee or reward, for the political, social and economic uplift 
of his fellows. 

The Hillman family belongs to that great English stock 
which in the last four hundred years has cut such a tremendous 
figure in the world. In Virginia, they have been a part of the 
great mass of unobtrusive citizenship, and have contributed their 
share to the making of the Commonwealth without seeking place 
or power as political office holders. The first Hillman of whom 
we have any record in this country was Ellner Hillman, who 
came to New England in 1635. The next is James Hillman, of 
Milverton, Somersetshire, England, who took part in the disas- 
trous Monmouth Rebellion in 1685, and after the Rebellion was 
crushed, was one of ninety prisoners deported by the British Gov- 
ernment to the Island of Barbadoes, and was assigned to labor 
on the plantation of Richard Harwood, Esq. There is reason to 
believe that both Harwood and Hillman later removed to Vir- 
ginia. There was another Hillman family settled in Pennsyl- 
vania, and to this family belonged James Hillman, born in North- 
umberland Counts', Pennsylvania, who was one of the pioneers of 
Ohio. In conjunction with another man, he founded the city of 
Youngstown, Ohio ; Hillman having built the first house in 
Youngstown. In the Revolutionary period in Virginia, John 
Hillman was a resident of Northumberland County, and had a 
family of five. In 1785, Joseph Hillman lived in Orange County, 
and was the head of a family of nine. In that same year, 
another Joseph, whose name appears on the old Assessors Record 
as ''Hilsnian," lived in Amelia County, and was the head of a 
family of five. The family was also settled, at a comparatively 
early period, in York County. This is proven by the fact that a 
place in that County bore the name of Hillinaus. From the Revo- 
lutionary period forward for about forty years there were quite a 
number of marriages between these Hillmans and other families, 
and it appears that they were connected by marriage with the 
Blankenships, the Eans, the Clements, the Clowtons, the Seays, 
the Farrars and the Lowrys. A majority of these were in Amelia 
County, but the Farrar marriage appears in Lunenberg Count}*, 
in that part which is now Mecklenburg, while the Lowry mar- 
riage was in Norfolk County. 

The immediate family of James Noah Hillman evidently 
descended from one of these eastern Virginia families, moved into 
southwest Virginia about one hundred years ago, settling first in 
Grayson and Scott Counties. 

In a record of English families published in 1601, the Hill- 
man family is given as being located in Charlton, Kings Parish, 
County Gloucester, England. The probabilities are that this 
was the home of the parent family. Evidently the family had 
attained respectable position in England, for it is classed by 



84 JAMES NOAH HILLMAN 

authorities as an armigerous family, and the Coat of Arms is 
described as follows: 

"Gules on a bend cotised or, three roses of the field seeded of 
the second, barbed vert. 

"Crest: A deini eagle with wings displayed or, holding in 
the beak a rose gules stalked and leaved vert." 



NANCY SUSANNA HILLMAN 

MRS. NANCY SUSANNA HILLMAN, of Coeburn, Vir- 
ginia, was born at Flatwoods, Wise County, Virginia, on 
July 12, 1865, daughter of Francis Bonham Greear. Her 
mother's maiden name was Stallard. 

Mrs. Hillman was educated in local private schools, and at 
the age of seventeen married Benjamin Franklin Hillman, who 
was son of James Monroe and Elizabeth (Stallard) Hillman. 

Mrs. Hillman's father was a farmer and she married a farmer. 

Her paternal grandfather was Noah Greear, who lived in 
Grayson County, was a large planter and the owner of numerous 
slaves. 

Her marriage to Mr. Hillman was solemnized at Coeburn, 
Virginia, on January 16, 1883, and of this marriage there are five 
children. 

The eldest is Prof. James Noah Hillman, a graduate of 
William and Mary College and now Superintendent of Schools 
for Wise County, Virginia. He is married and has two children, 
James Noah Hillman, Jr. and Pauline Elaine Hillman. 

The second child, Bessie Bert Hillman, married L. B. Dingus 
and is now a widow w T ith one child, Lora B. Dingus. 

The remaining children are Charles Wesley Hillman, Etta 
Elizabeth Hillman, and Leslie Wise Hillman, all unmarried. 

Mrs. Hillman is a member of the Methodist Protestant 
Church and pins her faith to "The Book" which is her preferred 
reading, above all else. 

She comes of mixed English and Scotch-Irish stock. The 
Bonhams and Stallards being English, and the Greears of Scotch- 
Irish blood. 

All three of these families are of good stock as proven by 
their right to use Coats of Arms in the old country, but it would 
perhaps be difficult to find three other families of equally good 
standing about which there is so little mention in public records. 

The Bonham family is purely English ; originated in Somer- 
setshire, southwestern England, its branches spread thence to 
Essex, Hampshire and Ireland, with one located in 1601 at West- 
bury, County Buckingham, England. The coat armor of the 
family is of record. General Pinson Bonham, a notable English 
soldier, was of the family residing at Orsett House, Essex. 

The first Bonham of record in America was George Bonham, 
who came over on the ship "Philip," June 20, 1635, and settled 

[85] 



86 NANCY SUSANNA HILLMAN 

in Virginia. He was then 31 years old. Presumably he was the 
founder of the majority of the American Bonhams, as no other 
of the name appears until late in the eighteenth century when we 
find Hezekiah Bonham, 1782, who, with his ten children, resided 
in Hampshire County, Virginia. At the same time Aaron Bon- 
ham, also the father of the same number, was settled in Frederick 
County, Virginia. In 1790 Abraham Bonharn, in Lincoln County, 
North Carolina, and James Bonhani in Charleston, South Caro- 
lina, are among the heads of families entered in the first census. 

The next record is that of the brilliant and heroic young 
colonel, James Butler Bonham, who fell by the side of Travis at 
the Alamo in 1836. Bonham could have escaped but refused to 
leave his countrymen to their fate and cut his way through the 
Mexican Army into the Alamo, w r here he met his death. 

He belonged to the South Carolina family. A county was 
named for him in Texas and his memory tenderly cherished as 
one of the great heroes of Texas independence. 

In 1849 we come upon R. C. Bonham, a vestryman of St. 
Matthew's Parish, Wheeling, West Virginia, and associated with 
him on the Vestry was J. R. Greear, who was the father of the 
celebrated Episcopal Bishop, David H. Greer. 

During our Civil War General Milledge L. Bonham, of South 
Carolina, was a gallant soldier, a Congressman, and Governor of 
South Carolina. He was a relative of Colonel Bonham of Texas 
fame. 

The most ancient reference to this old English family is in 
the year 1386, when Nicholas Bonham, gentleman, was appointed 
member of a commission to investigate the status of a valuable 
Abbey, which with its lands had fallen into dispute. 

Of the Stallard family, practically nothing is known. An 
English authority states that the name is derived from an Anglo- 
Saxon word which meant "steward" and that it is one of those 
family names derived from an occupation. Another authority 
says it was derived from the occupation of the man who sold 
"stalls" in the middle-age markets. The family Coat of Arms is 
described as follows : 

Or, a fesse between three lions' heads erased sable vulned 
in the neck gules. 

Crest A stork's head, or. 

No record is found as to when they came to Virginia, or 
America. Certainly they were in Virginia before the Revolution, 
because Randolph Stallard, credited to Culpeper County, is re- 
ported as serving first as ensign and later as lieutenant in the 
Revolutionary Army. 

Beyond this no mention of the name appears in the large 
number of volumes and records investigated. 

The Greears are of Highland Scotch stock, originally a sept 



NANCY SUSANNA HILLMAN 87 

of the Clan MacGregor. The old Scotch form of the name was 
Grier, still maintained by some families, though the majority 
now adhere to the form Greer. 

One of these families moved from Scotland to Ireland prob- 
ably in the sixteenth century and settled in County Tyrone, nam- 
ing the home place Grange MacGregor. A branch of this family 
was located at Tullylogan, County Tyrone, and it is most probable 
that from thence came the progenitor of the Pennsylvania and 
Virginia Greers, while it is almost equally certain that the Caro- 
lina families are descended from those who came with the Col- 
onists who emigrated to eastern North Carolina from Scotland 
after the fatal battle of Culloden in 1746. In the early records of 
Virginia immigrants appears the name of Thomas Grear as a 
settler in James City County in 1649, We do not come upon the 
name again until the Revolutionary period when the Roster of 
Virginia soldiers shows Charles Greer, as a surgeon's mate in the 
Navy, and later as full surgeon. 

James Greer was first lieutenant in a Bedford County Com- 
pany, and must have been promoted, for in another place James 
Greer is mentioned as a captain, though in the later instance the 
name is spelled Grier. At that same period the Carolina Greers 
were doing battle for the patriot cause. 

Alexander Greer was a gallant soldier under Col. John 
Sevier, and Benjamin Greer was an equally good man under Col. 
Benjamin Cleveland. Both of these were in the King's Moun- 
tain Campaign. Alexander Greer long survived the Revolution, 
was a colonel of militia for many years and died in Tennessee in 
1820. 

Catherine Greer (evidently a widow) was the head of a 
family of nine in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, in 1782. The 
southwest Virginia family is the only known family now using 
the spelling "Greear" which gives rise to the opinion that this 
family is descended from Thomas Grear of 1649, in James City 
County. The spelling of names, however, has little significance, 
as our ancestors were notoriously careless in this respect. 

The Pennsylvania family has given a justice to the United 
States Supreme Court in the person of Robert C. Grier. 

Admiral James A. Greer was born in Ohio. 

Bishop David H. Greer was born in Virginia. 

There were eighteen Greer families in North Carolina in 
1790, headed by Andrew, Ann, Bartley, Benjamin, Charly, George, 
James (2), John (4), Joshua, Jude, Matthew, Robert, Thomas 
(2). 

In South Carolina were James (2), John (2), Robert and 
Solomon, while another James used the spelling Grier. 

The old pioneer, who settled in what is now Greer County, 
Oklahoma (then supposed to be in Texas), is said to have been 



88 NANCY SUSANNA HILLMAN 

either a Virginian or North Carolinian. This county was the 
cause of one of the most noted law suits in our history, Texas 
claiming it, and the Federal Government resisting the claim in 
behalf of Oklahoma. 



ALLAN DENNY IVIE 

LEARNED in the law and successful in the practice of his 
profession ; eloquent and forceful in oratory ; an advocate 
of higher education in the rural districts; and friend of 
the workingman, ever ready to give of his time and means 
to the promotion of the people's interests; such is, in brief, the 
personality of the Honorable Allan Denny Ivie, of Leaksville, 
North Carolina. Responding to every call to serve in official 
capacity in giving the County of Rockingham and the State of 
North Carolina the best possible administration of the laws, and 
in securing better legislation, the citizenship of Mr. Ivie, Senator 
from the nineteenth Senatorial district, is a valuable asset to his 
adopted County and State. 

Senator Ivie was born in Patrick County, Virginia, May 3, 
1873, a son of William Sterling and Sarah J. Elizabeth (Scales) 
Ivie ; a grandson of John W. Ivie, of Dinwiddie County, Virginia, 
and later of Patrick County, Virginia, and a great-grandson of 
Peter Ivie, of English descent, who lived in Dinwiddie County. 
On his mother's side he is descended from a long line of profes- 
sional men, some of whom have been prominent as makers of 
history. 

His great-great-grandfather, John Scales, lived and died in 
Rockingham County, North Carolina. He married Lydia 
McClarg, a French lady, by whom he had six sons and two daugh- 
ters. One of these sous, Peter Scales, great-grandfather of Mr. 
Ivie, married Annie Walker, whose mother was Susan Warren, 
a member of the Warren family of Revolutionary fame, among 
whom were Colonel James Warren and General Joseph Warren, 
whose service at Bunker Hill is perpetuated in American history. 
Dr. James Warren Scales, son of Peter Scales, married Mary 
Lodoskie Mebane, and their daughter, and only child, Sarah J. 
Elizabeth Scales, was the mother of the subject of this review. 
His paternal ancestors were largely men of commercial tenden- 
cies and of sterling qualities, and, with such blood coursing 
through his veins, it is not surprising that Allan D. Ivie, while 
yet a boy, showed forcefully the signs of ability which had char- 
acterized his forbears. 

He attended, in early life, the public schools. He continued 
his education at Oak Ridge, North Carolina, a preparatory school 
for boys, from which he entered the University of North Caro- 
line, where he completed his education, graduating from both the 

[91] 



92 ALLAN DENNY IVIE 

literary department and law school. His school life was marked 
with success and many honors were bestowed upon him. He dis- 
tinguished himself by winning both the Orators' and Debaters' 
medals, and was chosen to deliver at the University an oration at 
the annual College Commencement. His address at this time not 
only pleased his colleagues, but attracted State-wide interest, 
being printed in full in the leading dailies of the State, receiving 
editorial comment as having for the first time brought to the 
attention of the State a thought and message that none other had 
done. Together with his literary success, his conduct was so 
irreproachable and his moral standard so high that in his second 
year at the University he was elected President of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, an honor that did not usually come 
to a student until his third or fourth year. 

Leaving the University in 1902 he obtained license to prac- 
tice law and located at Leaksville, his home town, where he has 
resided since a boy, his father having moved from Virginia to 
North Carolina in 1892. 

He soon established a lucrative practice and became promi- 
nent as an advisory lawyer, and in pleading at the bar. He feels 
deeply the interest of his clients and though he will fight hard for 
their interests, he honors his profession and ever strives to keep 
it on a high plane. In the beginning of his career he put into 
matters of small interest a zeal and effort that soon brought him 
more important issues. 

Though not active in politics Mr. Ivie has always taken a 
keen interest in matters of State which engage the attention of 
politicians. A Democrat in principle, he believes that government 
belongs to the people and should be administered for their wel- 
fare. He has never sought political preferment but has a high 
conception of the duties of citizenship, and believes that a citizen 
should render public service when called on. Therefore, when 
unanimously tendered the nomination for the State Senate, in 
1910, he felt that duty demanded its acceptance. He entered the 
campaign with an ardor that resulted in his election by a large 
majority over his opponent, the incumbent of the office at that 
time. Though new in legislative experience he soon showed him- 
self to be a man of parts and took an active interest in all matters 
of public welfare, serving on the most important committees. He 
showed especial interest in legislation looking to the advance- 
ment of the masses ; namely, public schools, agricultural develop- 
ment and the bettering of the laboring people. 

The legislation that brought most prominence to him was a 
bill shortening the hours of labor for working people in manu- 
facturing enterprises. Having promised in the campaign to 
work for this he bent his every energy to write it into law and 
led the fight to a successful conclusion, winning at the end of a 



ALLAN DENNY IVIE 93 

hard contest an overwhelming victory. His speech closing the 
argument for the bill brought to him congratulations from the 
opposition. 

He was returned to the Senate in 1912 by an increased ma- 
jority. His campaign speeches were very effective, free from 
abuse, convincing and appealing to the highest in man. In the 
session of the General Assembly of 1913 he took an active part, 
served on important committees, and introduced many bills of 
importance to his State. He was Chairman of the Committee on 
Constitutional Amendments and introduced amendments of far- 
reaching import to the Constitution. He was one of the twenty 
appointed on a commission to revise the Constitution and propose 
amendments thereto. His efforts in the Legislature have had 
marked success both in accomplishment and in appreciation by 
his constituents. 

The same zeal that has characterized Mr. Ivie's professional 
and public career also marks his Christian life. For years he has 
been an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 
Though his life is very full he has given liberally of his time and 
means to the church and community, serving faithfully where 
duty calls, believing that the result of true Christian experience 
means service to humanity. He was President of the first Sunday- 
school Association organized in his county. He is one of the 
strong arms of the temperance cause. He was active in the cam- 
paign for State-wide prohibition in North Carolina and was one 
of twenty-five selected in 1913 to represent his State in presenting 
to Congress a petition and request for the submission to the State 
of a Constitutional Amendment for nation-wide prohibition. 

In fraternal circles Mr. Ivie is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and of the Junior Order of American Mechanics. 

A member of the law firm of Johnson, Ivie and Dalton, Mr. 
Ivie finds his chief delight and recreation in farming and stock- 
raising. He is Vice-President and director of the bonding insti- 
tution known as the "Imperial Trust and Savings Company." 

October 11, 1905, Mr. Ivie married at Keedsville, North Caro- 
lina, Miss Annie Elizabeth McKinney, daughter of Joseph Thomas 
and Emma (Harris) McKinney, and the following children were 
born : Allan Denny, Jr., born 1907 ; George Harris, born 1910 ; 
Joseph McKinney, born 1912. 

Mr. Ivie is a lover of country life and is much interested in 
conditions conducive to rural welfare. He believes that our pub- 
lic educational system should include a system of scientific train- 
ing in agriculture and domestic science. 

Beared in the country it seems that nature has irolded this 
man after its own fashion. Great principles dominant in his life 
as a boy have remained with him to be the crowning glory of his 
manhood. He is a man of deep convictions, modest and retiring ; 



94 ALLAN DENNY IVIE 

and has in an unassuming way performed the duties which have 
devolved upon him with force and energy. 

The surname Ivie also appears in English records spelled 
Ivey and Ivye. Wiltshire and Oxfordshire, England, appear to 
have been the original seats of the family. Their coat armor is 
thus heraldically described : 

"Gules a lion rampant, or, 

"Crest: a demi lion rampant or, supporting a staff raguly 
vert." 



TB 

1C LIBRARY 



ASTOR, LFN 



WALTER WILLIAM KING 

WALTER WILLIAM KING, of Charlottesville, President 
of the King Lumber Company, which is one of the most 
successful contracting concerns in the country, has trav- 
eled far for a man of his age for he is yet on the sunny 
side of forty-five and began his business career absolutely without 
capital. 

He was born at Wildwood, Virginia, on August 6, 1869, sou 
of James Franklin and Willie (McLane) King. His father was a 
farmer, of English descent while his mother, as indicated by her 
name, had Scotch ancestry. 

Mr. King attended the local country schools in Fluvanna 
County for seven years, and then began his working life as a 
carpenter. As the latent business capacity within him began to 
develop, he embarked in the retail lumber business from which 
has grown the King Lumber Company; and in a comparatively 
brief space of time, he has built up one of the large contracting 
enterprises of the country. In these days of quick communica- 
tion, an active man can cover much territory, and it is really 
interesting to note the wide extent of the operations of this man 
located in a little Virginia town. He has done a vast amount 
of work for the United States Government, in the shape of public 
buildings for Post Offices and Court uses, covering the country 
from east to west, as illustrated by some of the places: Craw- 
fordsville, Indiana; Florence, South Carolina; Selma, Alabama; 
Gainesville, Florida ; San Angelo, Texas ; Clarinda, Iowa ; Corsi- 
cana, Texas ; Holdrege, Nebraska ; Canandaigua, New York ; Bris- 
tol, Connecticut; Chicago Heights, Illinois; Atlanta, Georgia. 
Outside of his governmental work, of which he has several unfin- 
ished contracts on hand now (1916), he has to his credit (in 
recent years) the Jefferson National Bank Building, Charlottes- 
ville, Virginia; the Law Building, University of Virginia; the 
Fraternity Buildings, University of Virginia; Recitation Hall, 
University of South Carolina; Dormitory of Roanoke College, 
Salem, Virginia; Engineering Building, University of Florida; 
National Valley Bank Building, Staunton, Virginia; Farmers 
and Merchants National Bank Building, Winchester, Virginia; 
Hospital Building, University of Virginia; Elks Office Building, 
Newbern, North Carolina ; Roanoke County Court House, Salem, 
Virginia; Union Passenger Station, Goldsboro, North Carolina; 
Union Passenger Station, Tampa, Florida; Chronicle Building, 

[97] 



98 WALTER WILLIAM KING 

Augusta, Georgia; Y. M. C. A. Building, Atlanta, Georgia (one 
of the finest in the United States) ; Municipal Building, Hunt- 
ington, West Virginia, and has numerous other buildings under 
way. 

Mr. King has developed capacity of a high order. He is one 
of that small number of men who are able to carry forward large 
enterprises widely scattered, bringing them all to a successful 
issue, and meeting the requirements of his customers in a satis- 
factory way. His reputation as a reliable contractor grows apace. 
The fact that so large an amount of government work comes to 
him is the very highest testimonial both as to fitness and reli- 
ability, for the Government demands the highest class of work 
and is a most exacting taskmaster. 

Mr. King is a strong fraternalist, holding membership in a 
number of orders, such as the Masons, Elks, Eagles, Odd Fellows 
and Maccabees. Possibly, it is this element in his character 
which enables him to make friends of the great number of men 
whom he has to use in carrying on his work, and whose failures 
would entail loss upon him. 

He was married at Charlottesville, Virginia, on June 10, 
1891, to Lethea Morris, born August 21, 1869, in Fluvanna County, 
Virginia, daughter of Frank and Lillian Morris. Their children 
are : Claude Corbett King, who is a student at the Rose Polytech- 
nic Institute ; Harry Hansford King, who is a student at the Car- 
negie Institute of Technology ; and Gladys Golden King, who is a 
student in the Charlottesville High School. He evidently intends 
that his children shall be given the benefit of every possible edu- 
cational advantage, so that they may lack nothing in the way of 
equipment when they come to enter upon the duties of life. 

The Kings in Virginia date back certainly to 1620. The first 
record that we have of the name is of Henry King, who came 
over on the ship "Jonathan," in 1620 he was then twenty-two 
years of age, and in 1624 was one of Sir George Yeardley's Mus- 
ter. Henry King settled in Elizabeth City County, prospered 
and became the progenitor of a very numerous posterity. He 
died in 1669, leaving a considerable estate, and by his will, leav- 
ing one hundred acres of land for the establishment of a free 
school. This illustrates that, for a man of that period, he had 
public spirit, and was one of the three founders of free schools 
in Virginia of that day. His son, Henry, had large estates in- 
herited from his father, and a third Henry represented Elizabeth 
City County in the House of Burgesses in 1772-76. 

On the 31st of July, 1635, Allen King, aged nineteen, came 
over in the ship "Merchants Hope." He was followed by Edward, 
on the 7th of August of the same year, who came over in the 
ship "Globe." This Edward was twenty-one years old, and was 
followed by a second Edward, twenty-five years old, on the 2nd 



WALTER WILLIAM KING 99 

of September. He came over in the ship "William and John." 
The last one that year to come was William King, aged twenty- 
one, who came over on October 24 on the ship "Constance." In 
the next fifteen years, these early immigrants were followed by 
a number of Kings. The Elizabeth City family, however, seems 
to have held the priority, and it is probable that Edmund King, 
Sr., of Halifax, very prominent in his day, was descended from 
the Elizabeth City family ; and that to this branch also belonged 
William Rufus King, Vice-President of the United States, born 
in North Carolina of Virginia ancestry. One of the old mills in 
Virginia was established in York or James City County, by one 
of the Kings. It was known as King's Mill, and served the people 
of that section for a half century or more. Benjamin Robinson, 
who lived in that section, and was a member of the famous Rob- 
inson family, married into one of the King families. The Armi- 
stead and Randolph families also married into the King families. 
In 1651-'2, we come upon one John King, as a patentee of lands 
in Gloucester, and another as patentee of lands in Isle of Wight 
County. Michael King, who settled in Nansemond County, prob- 
ably about 1680, divided with Henry King the honor of being the 
ancestor of the largest number of King families in Virginia. 

Bishop Meade, in his work on "Old Churches and Families 
of Virginia," says that the Kings were among the leading families 
of the eastern section of the State. They seem to have been very 
active churchmen in those earlier years. Edmund King served 
as a vestryman of Antrim Parish after 1752. Henry King and 
Charles King were vestrymen in Hampton Parish. Another 
Charles King was a vestryman in Bath Parish. Rev. Dr. King, 
Bishop of London in 1616, most courteously entertained Poca- 
hontas on her visit to London. Bishop Meade speaks with affec- 
tion of Rev. Mr. King, of Staunton. He says that he was a 
man of great piety, much humility of spirit and little learning. 
Seeing the low condition into which the Church had fallen, he 
applied for orders, which notwithstanding his advanced years 
and slender theological attainments, resulted in his being or- 
dained, and for eight years, from 1811 to 1819, he served the 
little church in Staunton with the greatest fidelity, and left be- 
hind him the record of a most sincere and devoted man. He 
gained the respect and affection of all with whom he came in 
contact. 

The Fluvanna family, to which Walter W. King belonged, 
had evidently settled in that County prior to the Revolutionary 
War, for upon the records of 1782 appear the names of seven 
heads of families: Daniel, Hargis, Jackville, John, Joseph, Mar- 
garet and William King. The records are very incomplete, and 
as to some of these nothing is given beyond the name. Of Daniel, 
however, it is stated that the family consisted of eight persons; 






100 WALTER WILLIAM KING 

Tackville's family consisted of seven persons, besides five slaves; 
while Joseph had a family of five. 

The King family of Virginia was represented iu the Revolu- 
tionary War by fifty soldiers, ranking from private to major. 
The probabilities are that the Fluvanua family was descended 
from John King who, in partnership with Lawrence Ward, pat- 
ented a large tract of land in Henrico or Hanover County, in 
1648, which counties were then the extreme western frontier, 
Fluvanna not having been settled until fifty years or more later. 

The McLane family, to which Mr. King's mother belonged, 
was of Scotch origin there were two Clans, one known as Mac- 
Lean of Duart, and the other as MacLaine of Lochbuy. The 
American immigrants evidently belonged to the MacLean Clan, 
for that is the original form of the name as it appears upon the 
records. A few of the Americans have adhered to the old form 
of spelling, but a majority have adopted the form of McLane, 
and the Marvland familv of that name has furnished two 

. t 

of the most distinguished statesmen in our history. In Vir- 
ginia, the McLanes furnished five soldiers to the Revolutionary 
Army one of whom. Allen, rose to the rank of major. One of 
the Virginia families, which adhered to the old spelling of 
McLean, was represented in the early years of the last century 
by Daniel and Anthony McLean, of Alexandria; and when in 
1813 the Episcopal Church in that City was involved in debt, 
Daniel McLean opened his pocket book and discharged the obliga- 
tion, which I for a canny Scotchman) was very liberal. 

Virginia has been the richest of all the States in the quality 
of its citizenship, and has contributed as largely to the mak- 
ing of our country as any other two States. In this construc- 
tive work, the Kings and McLanes have done their full share; 
and now, in his own generation, Walter W. King is showing 
himself a true builder, and unlike many men who are successful 
in large enterprises, does not find it necessary to move to a great 
city, but retains his residence in the State of his nativity, and 
lets the profits of his business flow out into the channels of trade 
among the people to whom he belongs. 

Mr. King is unique in one thing at least in one of the most 
rock-ribbed Democratic States in the Union, he is a Republican 
in politics. 

The Coat of Arms of the "Maclean" Clan, to which Mr. King's 
mother belonged, is as follows : 

"Maclean" (Chief of Duart and Brolas). 

Arms (of Brolas) : Quarterly. 1, Argent, a rock gules. 2, 
Argent, a dexter hand couped fesswise gules, holding a cross cross- 
let fitchee in pale azure. 3, Or, a lymphad, oars in action sable. 
4. Argent, a salmon naiant proper, and in chief two eagles' heads 
erased affrontee gules. 



WALTER WILLIAM KING 101 

Crests (for Duart) : A tower embattled argent; (for 
Brolas) : A Lochaber axe between a laurel branch on the dexter, 
and cypress on the sinister, proper. 

Supporters : Those of the present chief (of Brolas and Duart) 
are Two ostriches, each holding a horse shoe in its beak; the 
Duart Supporters are Two Seals. 

Mottoes : below escutcheon, "Virtue mine honour" and above 
wreath, "Altera Merces" (Keward is secondary). 

The armorial bearings of the King family of Devon (1595-1651) 
are: Sable, on a chevron between three crosses crosslet or. as 
many escallops of the field. 

Crest: An escallop or. 



ERASTUS LITTLETON LEE 

IN the year 1298, William Wallace, the great Scottish patriot, 
reared the standard of freedom from the tyranny of Edward 
I, King of England. Among the stout-hearted patriots who 

followed the great hero was Lee of Lockhart, or Lockhart of 
Lee, as he is sometimes called. This is the first mention of Lee 
in Scottish history. The name is still more ancient in England, 
for the Lees of Cheshire w T ere of the gentry in the time of Henry 
III. Later this family held the earldom of Lichfield and became 
extinct in the male line with the death of General Charles Lee, 
of the Continental Army, who died in 1782, just before the close 
of the Revolution. The last of this family was Frances Lee, 
daughter of Nathaniel Lee, of Darnkall, Cheshire, who married 
John Townshend, a gentleman of Derbyshire. 

English Cyclopaedias of Biography give more or less extended 
biographies of fifty Lees who won place in their generations, and 
American Cyclopedias supplement this with another fifty, who 
have distinguished themselves in the new country. 

In Great Britain the Lees are credited with fifty-four sepa- 
rate Coats of Arms ; under other spellings, the Leas show five, the 
Leghs, eleven, and the Leighs, sixty-six, making the astounding 
number of one hundred and thirty-six Coats of Arms granted 
these families in seven hundred years. 

The family name looms great in British and American his- 
tory, and best of all, nowhere does it appear in a discreditable 
way, but always with a record of usefulness and patriotism. Of 
the fifty who have figured in our annals as men of character and 
usefulness that demanded recognition, five names stand out con- 
spicuously. These are Richard Henry and Francis Lightfoot Lee, 
Revolutionary patriots and Statesmen, who were brothers; their 
cousin, General Henry Lee, known in the history of that period 
as Light-horse Harry Lee; Rev. Jesse Lee, known as the Apostle 
of Methodism in New England; and General Robert E. Lee (son 
of General Henry Lee) , the greatest military genius ever produced 
by the English-speaking peoples, and one of the purest characters, 
and most lofty minded patriots in all history. 

Of the four Revolutionary characters, Jesse Lee was the 
youngest, born in Prince George County, Virginia, on March 12, 
1758, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Mills) Lee. He was only 
seventeen years of age at the outbreak of the Revolution. The first 
Lees in Prince George were Peter and Samuel, who patented land 

[102] 



PUBLIC 1 




ERASTUS LITTLETON LEE 105 

in 1717; but another Peter Lee had settled in Henrico in 1656, 
and it is more than likely that the Prince George men were his 
sons or grandsons. Nathaniel Lee was evidently son of Peter or 
Samuel. Jesse Lee was of strongly religious turn ; he had become 
a Methodist, and at seventeen was preaching at the Meth- 
odist meetings held at his father's house. In 1777 he moved to 
North Carolina, became a farmer, and was made class leader on 
the Roanoke Circuit. He delivered his first regular sermon 
November 17, 1779. Drafted into the militia early in 1780, he 
refused to bear arms, as being against his religious convictions, 
from which it will be seen that he was as stout in his religious 
belief as the other Lees were in their political opinions. Respect- 
ing his opinions, the officers put him in charge of a baggage 
wagon, but he was soon appointed chaplain of the troops, receiv- 
ing an honorable discharge on October 29, 1780. For the next 
two years he was engaged as a circuit preacher, attended Vir- 
ginia Conference in 1782, and was admitted on trial as a member 
of that conference on May 6, 1783. Sent to the Salisbury Circuit 
in 1784, he accompanied Bishop Asbury on a tour which extended 
from Norfolk, Virginia, to the extreme southwest of North Caro- 
lina, and resulted in great gain to the church. He was on the 
Kent (Maryland) Circuit in 1786, the Baltimore Circuit in 1787, 
and the Flanders Circuit (New Jersey and New York) in 1788. 
In 1789 he was sent to the Stamford Circuit (Connecticut). 
Methodism had no foothold in that country, but he established 
classes in Norwalk, New Haven, and other places, and in 1790 
visited Boston. No church there would open its doors to him, 
so he preached under an "elm tree" on the Common. 

For the next six years he preached throughout New England 
with such zeal and success as to win the title of the "Apostle of 
Methodism." He was ordained Deacon and Elder at the New 
York Conference of 1790. August 8, 1794, he laid the cornerstone 
of the first Methodist Church in Boston. In 1796, appointed an 
assistant to Bishop Asbury, he visited the Southern States as his 
substitute, and superintended conferences both North and South. 
In 1800, on the election of a new bishop, he tied with Richard 
Whatcoat, but on the next ballot Whatcoat was elected by a 
majority of two votes. 

He "was Presiding Elder at Norfolk in 1801-03 ; at Williams- 
burg (Virginia), 1804-07; at Cumberland (Maryland), 1807-16. 
In 1808 he was chiefly instrumental in inaugurating the delegated 
general conference, now the supreme authority in the Methodist 
Church. He was Chaplain of the United States House of Repre- 
sentatives in the tenth and twelfth Congresses, 1807-09 and 1811- 
13; and of the United States Senate in the thirteenth and four- 
teenth Congresses, 1813-16. He published a History of Methodism 
in America in 1809, which was the first work on the subject. 



106 ERASTUS LITTLETON LEE 

He died at Hillsboro, Maryland, September 12, 1816. Such is a 
brief outline of the life work of this supremely great man. To 
grasp its significance fully, we must understand the times in 
which he lived and the conditions under which he worked. 

At the close of the Revolutionary War, religion was at a 
low ebb in the United States. The Congregational Church domi- 
nating New England, was unenterprising and non-missionary. 
The Church of England, the mother church of the Southern Col- 
onies, had lost its foothold by neglect. The Presbyterians hold- 
ing to an educated ministry were reaching but a small fraction 
of the people. There remained only the despised Methodists and 
Baptists, few in numbers, poor in purse, without influence, with 
no social standing, but rich in zeal, full of the power of the Holy 
Ghost, and with a heroic determination to carry the Gospel to all 
the people. A large majority of the people in the older settled 
sections were poorly supplied with churches and preachers, while 
vast frontiers were filling up with resolute and adventurous men 
and women who were in danger of forgetting God and their relig- 
ious obligations. 

The country was of vast extent, traversed by many and large 
rivers, almost without roads, entirely without bridges, with long 
distances between settlements, and with poverty and narrow re- 
sources the rule everywhere in the newer sections. Travel was of 
necessity by horseback, and the traveler coming to an unfordable 
stream, usually had to swim it. 

*/ 

The work done by the pioneer Methodist and Baptist 
preachers, under these untoward conditions, has never been sur- 
passed, if it has been equaled, since the days of the Apostles. 
The Methodist preacher got a salary of sixty-four dollars per 
year. Usually, he preached daily wherever he could gather a 
few people together. Naturally he could not marry on his income, 
so that usually when he married he retired from the itineracy, 
and became a local preacher. Many of their circuits covered an 
area as large as ten or twenty modern counties. Their labors were 
heroic and herculean, and it is therefore not surprising that many 
of them succumbed and died before reaching the prime of middle 
life. Among these men, Jesse Lee was a leader. They saved the 
day for the cause of religion in the South and West, and we owe 
them a debt of gratitude for their splendid self-sacrifice which has 
had such far-reaching results. 

Another noted minister of later date, descended from Jesse 
Lee, was Dr. L. M. Lee. He was an effective preacher of the 
deepest truths and of religious doctrine. His devotion, courage, 
candor and unassuming ways quickly won and held the affection 
of his people. 

A present-day representative descendant from the great pio- 
neer preacher, Jesse Lee, is Erastus Littleton Lee, a successful 



ERASTUS LITTLETON LEE 107 

business mail of Stony Creek, Sussex County, Virginia. Mr. Lee 
was born in Prince George County, Virginia, August 19, 1853, 
son of Littleton Leath and Frances Peebles (Moore) Lee. 

Educated in the local common schools of his section he 
entered business life, and, as a merchant and buyer of cotton and 
peanuts, which are largely grown in his section, has had a success- 
ful career. 

A Democrat in his political views, he has been content to dis- 
charge his civic duties as a private citizen. 

Mr. Lee has the same strong religious convictions that char- 
acterized his noted ancestor, but does not adhere to the Methodist 
Church. Like many other thoughtful men of our day, he does not 
stress the denominational line, and though a church Elder, it is 
a non-denominational organization that he favors. "'Diligent in 
business, fervent in spirit, serving the Lord," seem to be the gov- 
erning principles of E. L. Lee's life and as embodying his relig- 
ious thought, which is to him the most important of all things, 
there is here presented his views in his own words : 

To us the Scriptures clearly teach 

"That the Church is the 'Temple of the Living God,' peculi- 
arly His workmanship ; that its construction has been in progress 
throughout the Gospel Age ever since Christ became the world's 
Redeemer and the Chief Corner Stone of His Temple, through 
which, when finished, God's blessing shall come to all people, 
and they shall find access to Him. 

"That meantime the chiseling, shaping and polishing of con- 
secrated believers in Christ's Atonement for sin, progresses ; and 
when the last of these 'living stones Elect and precious' shall have 
been made, the great Master Workman will bring all together in 
the First Resurrection ; and the Temple shall be filled with His 
glory, and shall be the meeting place between God and men 
throughout the Millennium. 

"That the basis of hope for the Church and the world lies in 
the fact that 'Jesus Christ, by the grace of God, tasted death for 
every man,' 'a Ransom for all,' and will be 'the True Light which 
enlighteneth every man that cometh into the world' in due time. 

"That the hope of the Church is that she may be like her 
Lord, 'see Him as He is,' be 'partaker of the Divine Nature,' and 
share His glory as His joint heir. 

"That the present mission of the Church is the perfecting of 
the saints for the future work of service; to develop in herself 
every grace ; to be God's witness to the world ; and to prepare to 
be kings and priests in the next age. 

"That the hope of the world lies in the blessings of knowl- 
edge and opportunity to be brought to all by Christ's Millennial 
Kingdom the Restitution of all that was lost in Adam, to all 
the willing and obedient, at the hands of their Redeemer and His 



108 ERASTUS LITTLETON LEE 

glorified Church \vhen all the wilfully wicked will be de- 
stroyed." 

Mr. Lee has been twice married. His first wife was Lucy 
Ann Harrison, born July 14, 1855, in Sussex County, daughter 
of Benjamin Franklin and Virginia Harrison. After her death 
he married Ellen Lee Freeman, born at Coman's Well, March 24, 
1862, daughter of John B. and Clara F. Freeman. He has eight 
children, Mabel Livingstone, who is a graduate of the Woman's 
College, Richmond, Virginia; Francis Harrison; Winifred Free- 
man ; Nellie Frances ; Clara Elizabeth ; Hester Margaret ; Erastus 
Taylor ; and Virginia Peebles Lee. 



THE NEV7 YCPK 
PUBLIC LIB 



, ASTOR, 
TILDE N F.-H 



RICHARD WILKINS MANSON 

THE Manson family name is one of that large number which 
does not seem to be fixed, as it appears under the forms of 
Manson, Monson and Munson. Since the first settlement 
of this family in America, all of its members acknowledge 
a common ancestor and recognize blood relationship between 
them. In England the name was found in the Counties of Devon 
and York, and, according to English authorities, is of Saxon 
origin. The first record of the family in America is of Richard 
Manson, who was in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1663. His 
wife's given name was Esther ; her maiden name is unknown. 

Richard Manson, or Monson as it is indifferently written, 
was married when his name first appears upon the records. He 
died in 1702, thirty-nine years after his first appearance in Ports- 
mouth. He is said to have been a man of industry, thrift and 
business ability, highly esteemed in his community, and he ac- 
cumulated a considerable property. He left four sons : John, who 
died at Kittery, Maine, in 1747, whose wife's name was Lydia; 
Samuel, who died in Portsmouth in 1761, whose wife's name was 
Rebecca; James, who appears to have been married twice; and 
Richard, Jr., of whose marriage we have no notice. These sons of 
Richard went by the name of Manson. 

Mrs. Dennis Manson, a very old lady about the beginning of 
the present century, whose residence was in Maine, is authority 
for the statement that in 1850 the prevailing pronunciation in 
Maine was Monson, the majority, however, spelling the name 
Manson. William Manson, who was in the fifth generation 
from Richard, said that some of the Munsons where he formerly 
lived were called Mansons, but that he preferred the form, Mun- 
son, and used that. The present-day descendants of Richard, the 
immigrant in New Hampshire and Maine, usually spell and pro- 
nounce the name, Manson. 

Mr. G. M. Hobbs, of Cincinnati, Ohio, who is descended from 
this family, furnished some data about Peter Manson, who 
was born in August, 1697, and married Hannah Kerby, April 
22, 1725. Peter was evidently a grandson of Richard, 
and seems to have been identified with Virginia. His children 
were : Mary, born November 3, 1726 ; John, born September 5, 
1728; Frances, born May 18, 1735; Peter, Jr., born December 4, 
1737; Hannah, Jr., born January 21, 1741; and Robert, born 
August 17, 1748. Peter Manson's wife Hannah died December 

[ill] 



112 RICHARD WILKINS MANSON 

8, 1754, and, less than two months later, he also died, on February 
1C, 1755. Peter, Jr., died December 8, 1751, being only twenty 
years old. John died at the age of ten. 

It is important to notice here that all of these children had 
as a middle name Patrick, which strengthens the belief that the 
Virginia Hansons had come from Ireland, or that Richard, the 
original immigrant, had come from Ireland, and that these were 
his descendants who had settled in the South. It is positive that 
some of them did come South, for Frederick Otis, who was in the 
fifth generation from Richard, married at Petersburg, Sarah 
Dews, and had a son Otis. There is no way to establish positively 
whether Peter was an immigrant from Ireland, or was the grand- 
son of Richard, who was an immigrant from Ireland. This does 
not at all conflict with the English ancestry of the family, for 
many American families are descended from people who were 
originally English or Scotch, and who, by residence for several 
generations in Ireland, became known in this country as Irish or 
Scotch-Irish. 

A present-day member of the Manson family, a highly 
esteemed citizen of his county, is Richard Wilkins Manson, of 
Olo, Lunenburg County. Mr. Manson's parents were John R. 
and Susan Hines Hawthorne Mansou. Of this marriage the fol- 
lowing children were born : Elizabeth Ann Black well, John Sid- 
ney, Sarah Maria, Martha Flornoy Dance, Thomas F. Fletcher 
Sommerfield and Lavania Susan. Mr. Mauson's father combined 
the occupations of farmer and merchant. His immediate famity 
has been identified with Southside, Virginia, since 1760, when his 
grandfather settled near Ordsburg, Brunswick County. One 
brother, Peter Manson, moved to Ohio about the year 1820. 

Mr. Manson, the subject of this sketch, was educated at the J. 
Q. Gee Academy at Forksville, Virginia. On the outbreak of the 
Civil War he became a Confederate soldier, and was detailed as 
a courier for General G. W. C. Lee, in which capacity he served 
through the War up to the battle of Sailors' Creek, April 6, 
1865. Finding that General G. W. C. Lee had been captured by 
the Federals, Mr. Manson reported for duty at General Robert E. 
Lee's headquarters, and was surrendered with the army at Appo- 
mattox on April 9, 1865. Returning home Mr. Manson took up 
his occupation as a farmer, which he has continued. He has 
achieved a substantial measure of success in his chosen work, has 
shown himself a man of excellent business capacity, and is now 
President of the Bank of Luneuburg. He belongs to that strong 
class which, in the last fifty years, has rebuilt the South. These 
men w r ere good soldiers in war, and have been better soldiers in 
peace. It took more courage to face the desperate conditions of 
1865 than it did to face the Federal cannon. Undismayed and 
refusing to give up to despair, they grappled with as hard condi- 



RICHARD WILKINS MANSON 113 

tions as ever faced any body of men, and have bnilt by their 
own determination, for they had practically no resources, a coun- 
try which is to-day richer in material things than it was before 
the great fratricidal struggle. If the people of the South fail to 
hold the memory of these men in all honor for all time, they will 
lack appreciation of as worthy and heroic effort as was ever ren- 
dered bv mankind. 

kj 

Mr. Manson is a Democrat in his political views, a member 
of the Masonic Fraternity, and is identified with the Southern 
Methodist Church. He was married at Hollydale, Virginia, on July 
12, 1876, to Lizzie T. Blackwell, daughter of William T. and Sallie 
Orgain Penn Blackwell. The only child of this marriage, Sallie 
Sidney Manson, was educated in Danville Institute and Ran- 
dolph Macon Women's College at Lynchburg, Virginia. She mar- 
ried Austin Seay Bridgforth, and they have six children : Richard 
Baskerville, Austin Seay, Jr., George Blackwell, Susan Baldwin, 
Dorothy Louise, and William Lee Bridgforth. 



NEWTON Z. OAKLEY 

WHEN a man is possessed of lofty and inspiring ideals, is 
an earnest worker in the cause of education, a firm 
believer in unceasing service to his fellowman, and 
devoted to the principles of true religion, it generally 
follows that he is to be found among the progressive and sub- 
stantial citizens of a Commonwealth. 

Newton Z. Oakley, of Simonson, Kichinond County, Virginia, 
is a man of this class. Born in New York City, May 16, 1858, a 
son of George T. Oakley, he secured his education in public and 
private schools and was able to avail himself of all those advan- 
tages which secured for him a liberal education. 

In 1876 he accompanied his parents to Richmond County, 
Virginia, where they had taken up a tract of land and established 
a new home, and it w r as here that young Oakley began business 
life in which he has achieved an unusual degree of success. While 
the cultivation of his farm of some 600 acres yields him both 
pleasure and profit, it is in the business of oyster planting and 
packing in this section of the "Old Dominion" that he has 
built up a most lucrative trade. As an evidence of the confidence 
reposed in him by his fellow-citizens it is noteworthy that he is a 
member of the Board of Directors of the Northern Neck State 
Bank. 

Politically Mr. Oakley is a Democrat, but remains free from 
partisan politics in all matters which will accomplish the greatest 
good to the general public. 

The maiden name of Mr. Oakley's mother was Emily A. 
Zeluff, a descendant of the Zeluff s and Posts, who are recorded 
among the early settlers in New York. Mrs. Oakley's father was 
known as "honest John Zeluff" and this characterization elo- 
quently conveys the esteem in which he was held. In the veins of 
Mr. Oakley are blended the traits of this sturdy stock. On the 
paternal side his ancestors were likewise prominent in Richmond 
County, New York, now the Borough of Richmond, a part of 
Greater New York. 

In 1884 Newton Z. Oakley was married to Maria C., daughter 
of William and Margaret (Jones) Allison. They have one son, 
John Z. Oakley, and an adopted daughter. Both children were 
educated at Farnham Academy, the son completing his education 
in Baltimore. In religious views Mr. Oakley is affiliated with the 
Baptist denomination. He is a man of deep religious feeling 

[114] 



NEWTON Z. OAKLEY 117 

which expresses itself in a noble generosity. A high appreciation 
of his character is given expression in a letter from a former 
pastor of his church which testifies that: 

"Mr. Oakley is a genuine true Christian, loyal member of the 
church, and recognized by everybody to be the most influential 
member in his community. He always understands the situation 
and never refuses to speak or do his duty. His church always 
knows it can count on him under any circumstances to do 
everything in his power conducive to the best interests of all." 

Members of the Oakley family are frequently mentioned in 
early Colonial documents of Long Island and elsewhere, and the 
name appears on our Revolutionary Boll. Both in County Salop, 
England, and in County Merioneth, Wales, the Oakleys have a 
long and honorable record. The family Coat of Arms is thus 
described : 

"Argent on a fesse between three crescents gules, as many 
fleurs-de-lis, or." 



JOHN DUDLEY PEEBLES 

ALONG the successful and prominent business men of 
Greeneville County is John Dudley Peebles, of North 
Emporia, who as yet is only in early middle life, but has 
worked his way up from small beginnings to a command- 
ing position in the business circles of the community. He was 
born in Greeneville County on June 10, 1872, son of Joseph F. 
and E. (Allen) Peebles. His mother was a daughter of John D. 
Allen, of Brunswick. 

Mr. Peebles went through the common schools and the Davis 
High School, and began his business career as a railroad brake- 
man. He was promoted to fireman, and then to conductor, in the 
service of the Atlantic & Danville and Southern Railways. Later, 
entering business on his own account, he has had a prosperous 
career, and is now President of the Emporia Drug Company and 
Vice-President of the First National Bank. 

He is a strong fraternalist, holding membership in the Order 
of Elks, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the Knights 
of Pythias, in which last-named Order he has been actively inter- 
ested, and has taken all the degrees. 

He was married on December 26, 1892, to Cora E. Atkinson, 
of Greeneville County, whose father was a Confederate veteran, 
and they have four children : Taylor Lamar, Bessie Douglas, 
Emma Louise and Carlotta Alice Peebles. 

Mr. Peebles is descended from an ancient Scottish family, 
the name of which is commemorated in the County of Peebles in 
the south of Scotland and the town of that name. When the 
family of this name first settled in Virginia cannot be definitely 
stated, but it was after the year 1700. The first record of the 
name that is found in the old county proceedings is that of Henry 
Peebles who, in 1726, obtained a grant of two hundred and forty 
acres of land in Brunswick County. In the same year, James 
Wyche, George Wyche and Joseph Wyche obtained grants in the 
same county. The intermarriage between the Wyche and Peebles 
families, which has preserved the Wyche name down to the pres- 
ent time in the Peebles family, was evidently contracted by some 
of these early families. The next of the name is Captain Joseph 
Peebles, probably a brother of Henry, who moved from Prince 
George County to Brunswick County, and married Mary Robin- 
son in 1758. He was apparently a mere youth when he moved to 
Brunswick County. He died in 1782. He served as a Captain 

[118] 






NS 



JOHN DUDLEY PEEBLES 121 

of the Brunswick Militia in the Revolutionary War, was a prom- 
inent citizen, much interested in the church, being an official 
member of St. Andrew's Parish. Joseph Peebles mentioned in 
his will two sous: Sterling and Dudley Peebles. In addition to 
Joseph Peebles, the Revolutionary records show that Andrew 
Peebles served as a soldier, apparently a private. In 1765, 
Nathaniel Peebles obtained a grant of two hundred and thirty 
acres in Sussex County. This man's name apparently became 
changed into Peeples, and there are, at the present time, families 
in Georgia bearing that name who came from Virginia, and who 
are probably descended from this Nathaniel. The Assessors 
Records for Greenville County, for the year 1783, give the names 
of Drury Peebles and William Peebles as heads of families. Drury 
had six in family and owned two slaves. William had ten in 
family and owned fifteen slaves. 

It will be seen from this brief mention that Brunswick 
County was the original home of the family in Virginia. John 
Dudley Peebles, as his name would indicate, is a descendant of 
Dudley, the son of Captain Joseph Peebles. 

There is a comparatively full record of the descendants of 
Sterling Peebles, Dudley Peebles' brother. He married Martha 
Wilkius, moved to Northampton County, North Carolina, and had 
four sons : Joseph Douglas, Dudley Robinson, Edmund Wilkins 
and Henry Wyche Peebles, who after their father's death moved 
to Alabama (about 1815). Dudley Robinson and Edmund Wil- 
kins Peebles died young. Joseph Douglas Peebles married Martha 
Barrett, of Columbia, Mississippi, and they had one son, James 
Sterling Peebles, and one daughter, Martha, who married Dr. 
Jones, of Hinds County, Mississippi. Henry Wyche Peebles, 
youngest son of Sterling Peebles, married Anne Wilkins Cocke 
(another Virginia name). They had four sons and two daugh- 
ters. The sons were Dudley Thomas, Henry Wyche, Jr., John 
Willis Cocke and Sterling Wilkius Peebles. The daughters were 
Mary Robinson and Nanny Peebles. Henry Wyche Peebles (2) 
moved from Hinds County, Mississippi, to New Iberia, Louisiana, 
about 1850, and became a sugar planter. He died in 1864. His 
wife, who was born in 1819, died in 1870. Of their four sons, 
three entered the Confederate Army. Dudley Thomas Peebles 
was a student at the University of Virginia at the outbreak of 
the War. He volunteered as a Confederate soldier and at the 
battle of Antietam lost his right leg. His two brothers, Henry 
Wyche Peebles, Jr., and John Willis Cocke Peebles, both served 
as Confederate soldiers, and both died unmarried. Dudley 
Thomas Peebles, after his disability in the army, married Irene 
Dumesnil, and they had one daughter, Irene, who is now Mrs. C. 
W. Sanders, of Jacksonville, Alabama. The voungest son of Henrv 

T~wr *" 

Wyche Peebles, Sterling Wilkins Peebles, married Virginia 



122 JOHN DUDLEY PEBBLES 

Harper, of Raymond, Mississippi, arid they had three sons : Henry 
Wyche Peebles (3), who is now an architect in Seattle, Washing- 
ton; George Harper Peebles, who is a dentist in Como, Missis- 
sippi ; and Sterling Wilkins Peebles, Jr., who is now approaching 
manhood. They have one daughter, Virginia Harper Peebles, 
now thirteen. They lived in Jackson, Mississippi. The two 
daughters of Henry Wyche Peebles were Mary Robinson Peebles 
who married J. F. Wyche, and they had one son, Joseph Wyche; 
and Nannie Peebles, who married Judge J. W. McPherson, of 
Hopkinsville, Kentucky. 

There is another branch of the Peebles family in America, 
which settled first in Pelham, Massachusetts, in 1718. From this 
family was descended the late Dr. James Martin Peebles, who 
was born in Vermont in 1822. He was first a Universalist minis- 
ter and later a medical practitioner. His great attainments won 
for him many honorary degrees. He served as Professor in the 
Medical College, was for a time in the United States Diplomatic 
service, was Fellow of many learned societies, founder of a sani- 
tarium at San Diego, California, and the author of numerous 
valuable and interesting works, one of which "How to live a 
century and grow old gracefully" went through many editions. 

One of the "ancients" of this honorable family was David 
Peebles, who lived in the literary and theological center of Scot- 
land, St. Andrews. He died in 1579, leaving behind him the 
reputation of being one of the greatest of Scottish musical com- 
posers, and was one of a half dozen of the great Scottish com- 
posers who produced the metrical version of the Psalms long used 
in Scottish Churches. 

John Dudley Peebles comes of good stock, as the records 
show, and his career has reflected credit upon the family name. 

The Peebles Coat of Arms is thus described : 

"Argent a chevron engrailed sable between three popinjays 
vert, membered gules." 



THE REED FAMILY 

K~iEDVILLE, in Northumberland County, Virginia, is 
regarded by travelers as one of the prettiest and most 
enterprising villages in that State. That which, some 
forty years ago, was forest and waste land, has now been 
transformed into busy factories, attractive stores, and modern 
dwellings. Reedville was named in 1888 for the late Captain 
Elijah W. Reed, by his son, George N. Reed, who at that time 
secured a post office for the place. 

The well-grounded faith and far-sighted acumen of Captain 
Reed was responsible, primarily, for the development of this thriv- 
ing village. Locating here in 1874, he purchased a strip of land 
on which Reedville now stands. In 1876 he sold two lots and 
from this modest beginning in the early days of the fish and 
oyster industry the town has grown steadily, the population now 
consisting of nearly 1000 people. 

Captain Reed was born in Brooklin, Maine, December 27, 
1827, and died at his home in Virginia, January 27, 1888. He was 
a son of George Reed, born December 17, 1794, and a grandson 
of Isaac Reed, born at Sedgwick, Maine, September 29, 1768, and 
his wife Sarah Freeman. 

Captain Reed came to Northumberland County, Virginia, in 
1868, and, being the owner of the fish business on the Chesapeake 
Bay, in 1874 he brought his family to this State. He then built 
a factory on his own premises, and, later, conducted a mercantile 
establishment. In 1880 he put in operation the fish steamer 
"Starry Banner." His various enterprises proved successful, and 
his integrity in all business dealings won for him an enviable 
reputation as an honest and progressive business man. 

In early manhood Captain Reed realized the importance of 
religion in daily life and became a member of the Baptist Church. 
His life was above reproach, and his constant efforts to extend 
a helping hand to the needy was a most prominent characteristic. 
He was the personification of kindness, and his career was that 
of a true Christian gentleman. 

He married, October 17, 1847, Rebecca Sargent Herrick, born 
May 31, 1825, died March 2, 1874, a daughter of Samuel and 
Rebecca (Cole) Herrick. Their children were: Ella C., born in 
1850 ; Rosa, born 1857, and George N. of further mention. 

George Nelson Reed, who has so successfully continued the 
business established by his father, was born at Brooklin, Maine, 

[125] 



126 THE REED FAMILY 

April 13, 1863, and has made his home in Northumberland 
County, Virginia, since 1874. He was educated in the public 
schools, and graduated from Eatons and Burnetts Business Col- 
lege in Baltimore, Maryland. His first business transaction was 
made during his school vacation in the summer of 1877. His 
father at his solicitation, advanced him a small sum which he in- 
vested in confectionery and fruit, and, in a short time, he was 
able to return the capital borrowed, and had cleared 100 per cent, 
profit on the transaction. 

Mr. Reed has been engaged in the menhaden business since 
1884, enjoying an extensive trade in fish oils and kindred prod- 
ucts. The extent of his business success may be appreciated when 
it is stated that he is President and Treasurer of the Edwards 
and Reed Company ; Secretary and Treasurer of the McNeal Ed- 
wards Company; Vice-President of the Northern Neck Telephone 
and Telegraph Company, and a director of the Morris Fisher 
Company; of the Seaboard Oil and Guano Company; of the Ed- 
wards Company, and of the Peoples Bank of Reedville, Virginia. 

Politically, Mr. Reed adheres to the tenets of the Republican 
party in matters pertaining to our National government. In 
local and State politics, however, he is in sympathy with Demo- 
cratic principles as they apply to the great State of Virginia. 
In 1884 he accepted the office of Postmaster of Fairport, Vir- 
ginia, and since 1888 he has served as Postmaster of Reedville. 
This office, on January 1, 1914, was elevated to the class requir- 
ing Presidential appointment, and Mr. Reed received his com- 
mission from President Wilson. 

He is affiliated with the various branches of the Masonic 
fraternity, including Fredericks|)urg Commandery No. 1, and 
Acca Temple of Richmond. He is a charter member and Master 
of Reedville Lodge No. 321, A. F. and A. M., and in 1888 organ- 
ized Reedville Lodge, No. 71, of the Knights of Pythias. He is 
Steward of Bethany Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he has 
been a member since 1880, and was Secretary of the building 
committee when the new edifice was erected in 1896, and is 
Chairman of the Church Board of Trustees. 

Mr. Reed married, May 6, 1886, in Northumberland County, 
Virginia, Miss Lilian Cuthbert Cockrell, born August 6, 1862, 
daughter of Lyttleton and Agnes Burgess Cockrell. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reed are the parents of two daughters, namely 
(1) Agnes Rebecca, born December 8, 1887, married October 24, 
1910, Dr. Henry Ward Randolph. They have one child, Ward 
Reed Randolph, born February 1.6, 1912. The family resides at 
Richmond, Virginia, (2) Elizabeth Cockrell Reed, born February 
16, 1889, married January 19, 1915, John A. Hiuton, and resides 
at Reedville, Virginia. 

On the maternal side George N. Reed is of the seventeenth 



THE REED FAMILY 129 

generation in direct descent from the Herricks (originally spelled 
Eyryk), of Leicester, England, who were prominent in the affairs 
of that country in the reign of Henry III (1216-1272). The 
family estate was named "Great Stretton," and among the 
descendants of distinction was Sir William Eyryk, Knight, of 
Stretton, who was commissioned to attend the Prince of Wales 
on his expedition into Gascony in 1355. In the year 1570 we find 
the orthography of the name changed to its present form, and in 
use by Sir William Herrick, who was knighted in 1605, and was 
a member of Parliament from 1601 to 1630. His estate, Beau 
Manor Park, was in County Leicester. In the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth he was dispatched on an important embassy to the 
Ottoman Porte. As a reward for his diplomatic success with the 
hitherto intractable Turk, he was appointed to a lucrative posi- 
tion in the Exchequer. His son, Henry Herrick, born in 1604, 
came first to Virginia, and removed to Salem, Massachusetts, in 
1653. He married Editha Laskin and their progeny are most 
numerous in the New England States. A most interesting vol- 
ume has been published containing the genealogical record of the 
various branches of the family, and contains an illuminated copy 
of the Herrick Coat of Arms. The Coat of Arms of the Eeed fam- 
ily is thus described : 

Or, on a chevron between three garbs gules, as many ears of 
corn argent. 

Crest: a griffin rampant or. 

Mr. Reed, just in the prime of life, finds himself possessed 
of a handsome fortune largely of his own making. He gives freely 
of his time to public service, enjoys the respect and confidence of 
his fellow-men, upholds the reputation of his family established 
by his ancestors, and emulates the Christian spirit of a devoted 
father. In brief, he has lived up to the best traditions of a splen- 
did family, and is in every relation of life a good and patriotic 
citizen. 



WILLIAM EDWARD THOMAS 

THE Thomas family name comes from Wales. The Welsh, 
survivors of the ancient British stock, are an earnest peo- 
ple, and when, centuries back, they became converted to 
Christianity, they accepted the new faith with great 
thoroughness and zeal. In taking family names they were exceed- 
ingly partial to the College of Apostles. It is said that the name 
of Jones which family is now so numerous, is the Welsh form 
of "John" so named after the apostle John, and that the Thomas 
family drew their name from the apostle Thomas. 

Of the many racial strains which make up our American 
people we have not had one superior to this virile Welsh stock. 
While Welshmen in the early Colonial period took part in the 
general emigration from Great Britain to the new colonies, they 
appear to have been more partial to Maryland and Virginia than 
they were to some other colonies. Resulting from this, several 
Thomas families became very prominent in the Colonial and 
Revolutionary periods, both in Virginia and Maryland. 

It is of record that one Hugh Thomas came from Wales to 
Maryland and settled in Kent County in 1651. In the Pritchard 
genealogy, which sets forth the history of this Welsh family of 
Thomas, it is traced back to the year 1345, when Thomas, Lord 
of Gwernddu, was living at Perthir, near Monmouth. 

A little later than the Maryland settlement George Thomas 
was a resident of Northampton County, on Eastern Shore, Vir- 
ginia, certainly prior to the year 1700, but whether he was an 
original immigrant or a descendant of Hugh Thomas, who had 
settled higher up the bay in Maryland, is not now known. 

John Thomas, son of George, served the English Crown as a 
Colonial Revenue officer. He died in 1785, and must have been 
a very old man at the time of his death. By his wife Mary he had 
a son Harrison Thomas, who served in the Third Virginia Con- 
tinental Regiment during the Revolutionary War. He died in 
1808. For many years he was a Collector of Revenues on tobacco 
for eastern Virginia, receiving his appointment from Governor 
Patrick Henry, who was the first Governor of Virginia after the 
Declaration of Independence and the organization of the State 
as an independent commonwealth. Harrison Thomas married 
Tabeth Joynes, a member of the family of that name which settled 
in Accomac County. Of this marriage was born a son, Levin 
Joynes Thomas, who married Sarah Core, member of an old and 

[130] 



TH 

PU 



, L 
TILT r N F 3 U K -- - r iOMS 



WILLIAM EDWARD THOMAS 133 

prominent Virginia family. Levin J. Thomas died in 1821. His 
son, Colonel George Levin Joynes Thomas, was a farmer and 
merchant by occupation, prominently identified with public 
affairs in his section of the State, and a colonel of the Virginia 
State Militia. He married Mary Ann Ward, daughter of Albert 
D. and Lettie (Badger) Ward, and a granddaughter of Golden 
and Nancy Turner Ward. He died in 1882. 

William Edward Thomas, the special subject of this sketch, 
is a son of Colonel George L. J. Thomas, and his wife Mary Ann 
Ward. He was born in Northampton County, October 6, 1860. 
His education was acquired mainly in the public schools of Balti- 
more, Maryland. Arriving at manhood he devoted himself to 
farming, became signally successful and developed marked finan- 
cial ability. His name stood for business integrity and high 
personal character. He became President of the Bank of North- 
ampton at Nassawadox, which position he still holds. A bank 
presidency, outside the great commercial centers, carries with it 
a world of meaning. To attain to that position of trust and 
honor implies that a man is a successful financier, that he is 
esteemed and known for his integrity, that he is of high personal 
standing, and that he is influential because of his personal worth. 
But to succeed in such a position implies even more. It means 
personal acquaintance with the patrons of the bank, personal 
knowledge of their affairs, and the ability to take into account 
the moral risk involved. This is a much larger factor in the 
operation of a country bank than it is in the large city banks, 
where men are rated more for what thev have than for what 

/ 

they are. In the last analysis the successful country banker is a 
rare judge of men and of business operations, and, withal, no 
mean diplomatist. 

Mr. Thomas has never aspired to public office. Originally a 
Democrat by family inheritance, or as he puts it "by force of 
habit," he is now a believer in the governmental principles for 
which the Republican party stands. In the fraternal world he 
holds membership in the great Masonic order. 

Mr. Thomas was married on March 24, 1891, at Laurel, Dela- 
ware, to Annie May Collins, born in Laurel, July 31, 1865, daugh- 
ter of James Emory Collins and his wife Nancy Alice Calloway. 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas are the parents of one daughter, Nancy 
Adah Joynes Thomas, who was a student at Stuart Hall, Stauii- 
ton, Virginia, and who was graduated from the Virginia College 
at Roanoke. 

William E. Thomas is preserving in his generation the char- 
acter for good citizenship established by his ancestors for genera- 
tions back, and enjoys, in fullest measure, the confidence of the 
community. 

The Thomas Coat of Arms, preserved on silver and seal rings 
in the possession of Mr. Thomas is thus described : 



134 WILLIAM EDWARD THOMAS 

Arms: Sable, a chevron and canton ermine. 

Crest: A denri unicorn ermine armed, crined and unguled or, 
supporting a shield sable. 

Motto : Virtus invicta gloriosa. 

This is the coat of arms of the Thomas family originally 
settled at Wenvoe, Glamorganshire, England. A branch of this 
Thomas family is in the present generation settled at Santa Bar- 
bara, Cal. 



AST03, LFNC 



I DAT ION 3 



CHARLES HENRY WALKER 

A the close of our great Civil War, there came to the town 
of Charlottesville, Virginia, from Louisa County, a young 
man of twenty who had been a gallant Confederate sol- 
dier and who, in common with other Virginians of his 
day, young and old, had to take up life under conditions to which 
the people of that State were unused. The times were evil. Cap- 
ital for business was extremely limited, and business was confined 
almost entirely to the simplest necessities. Under such condi- 
tions the openings for young men were not only limited in 
number but offered scant pay. This young soldier had no equip- 
ment of capital and no experience of business. He did have, 
however, industry, good courage, good principles and a business 
ability which he himself did not at that time realize. He accepted 
a position at $50 a year and board. This was the starting point 
of the career of Charles Henrv Walker, who can look back over 

/ / 

fifty years of a busy and successful life which has resulted not 
only in the most substantial business success but in his gaining 
the confidence and esteem of the community in which so large a 
part of those fifty years has been spent. He did not stay long 
on the $50 salary, as he obtained a much better position with T. J. 
Wertenbaker, at that time the leading clothier and merchant 
tailor of the town, with whom he remained for some seven or 
eight years. 

Let us go back a little and take up this young man from the 
beginning of life. He was born at Louisa Court House on 
July 29, 1845, a son of John W. and Martha (Hughson) Walker. 
His father was a railroad contractor of the firm of Mason and 
Walker. To those old Virginians familiar with the building of 
the Virginia Central Railroad, now the Chesapeake and Ohio, 
the names of these contractors are familiar. His maternal 
grandfather was Samuel Hughson, of the Green Springs section 
of Louisa County. His paternal grandfather, Austin Walker, 
lived in Piedmont, Virginia, and was father of a numerous fam- 
ily. Sometime between 1825 and 1830 he moved with his entire 
family to the West, with the exception of two sons and one daugh- 
ter, who remained in Virginia. During the Civil War, communi- 
cation having become interrupted, Mr. Walker's people in Vir- 
ginia lost all trace of their people in the West. 

As a boy, Mr. Walker attended John P. Thompson's Private 

[137] 



138 CHARLES HENRY WALKER 

School at Louisa ; from there he went to the famous old Dinwiddie 
School at Greenwood, Virginia, and was a student of the Cren- 
shaw School in Amelia County, when, in 1863, at the age of eight- 
een, he entered the Confederate Army. His army berth was one of 
the hardest; he became a member of that famous corps com- 
manded by Colonel John S. Mosby, the greatest partisan officer of 
the war, which command won an immortal reputation, under 
the name of Mosby's Battalion. 

No man unfamiliar with the history of the Civil War can 
even imagine what Mosby's men went through. They literally 
lived in the saddle, and though sparse in numbers, were young, 
active, resolute and full of resource. They made a veritable 
hornet's nest of "Mosby's Confederacy," and it required a Federal 
force from fifteen to twenty times their number to keep them in 
check. 

On August 13, 1864, while taking part in the capture of a 
wagon train at Berryville, Mr. Walker was severely wounded, 
while in the forefront of a charge on a body of infantry that had 
taken refuge behind a stone wall near the town of Berryville. 
He was within few feet of this wall when a minnie ball from an 
enemy's musket shattered his left arm near the elbow, and pass- 
ing through his coat, barely grazed his body. On reaching his 
home surgeons were called in, but eight months later Mr. Walker 
had not sufficiently recovered and was unable to return to his 
command. While he did not suffer the misfortune of losing the 
arm, the injury robbed it of its normal strength and usefulness. 

His early business experience has been referred to. These 
years of clerkship were years of training and of finding himself. 
In January, 1875, then in his thirtieth year, Mr. Walker had 
"found" himself. He decided to venture into business on his own 
account, and he established himself at Kectortown, Virginia, in a 
mercantile business which he conducted with a large measure of 
success for twenty-two years. His capital outgrew the needs of 
his own business, which led to his organizing, in association with 
D. P. Wood, of Warrenton, the hardware business of D. P. Wood 
& Company, of which Mr. Walker is a half owner, and which has 
continued down to the present day. 

The pleasant years of his young manhood had been spent in 
Charlottesville, and for that place he had formed a strong per- 
sonal attachment which led, upon his retirement from business at 
Rectortown, in 1897, to his return to Charlottesville, which has 
since been his home. 

He did not return to a life of idleness. His physical strength 
was yet in its prime and his ability had been ripened until it 
was equal to the control of any business proposition, and so he 
quickly became interested in other enterprises in Charlottes- 
ville, becoming President of the Charlottesville Hardware Com- 



CHARLES HENRY WALKER 139 

pany, which he established with Mr. J. E. Wood in 1880, and 
which has grown under his management into a very large 
and successful business. He became a director of the Albemarle 
National Bank, and a director in various other enterprises. He 
was appointed City Treasurer, and has held that position down 
to the present time by successive re-elections. In the business 
world of that community no man stands higher than he, whether 
judged from the standpoint of ability or iutegrit3 r . 

Soon after his return to Charlottesville in 1897, he became a 
member of John Bowie Strange Camp, the local camp of Confed- 
erate veterans. His comrades soon recognized his ability for com- 
mander of the camp. They honored him with this office, which 
position he held for two years. He declined to serve longer, 
though unanimously elected for the third term. 

He is affiliated with a number of fraternal societies, includ- 
ing the Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, and others. 
For the past fifteen years he has been an Elder of the Christian 
Church, and for a number of years, Superintendent of its Sunday- 
school. In everything bearing upon the material or moral prog- 
ress of the community he takes an active part, both his help and 
his advice being highly appreciated. 

His residence is the handsome old Colonial home of ex-Gov- 
ernor Gilmer, and there he dispenses a kindly hospitality to those 
who come within the cheerful atmosphere of what is a true home. 
The Walker building, erected by him to meet the needs of the 
increasing trade of the Charlottesville Hardware Company, 
which is the largest and most modernly equipped business house 
in the city, stands upon the spot on which stood the house in 
which Mr. Walker commenced his career. Perhaps sentiment 
had something to do with his building that house in that place. 
Certainly he admits that it was a matter of some little pride 
with him that he was able to do so. 

He was married in Danville, Virginia, in May, 1873, to 
Roberta Carroll, who was born in Albemarle County, daughter of 
Major Andrew Carroll and Mattie C. (Payne) Carroll. 

But what about the real man ? After all, it is that real man 
known only to the few who have seen the inside of his heart that 

*/ 

counts. Material possessions pass away, and if the possessor of 
great estates has accumulated no other capital than material 
things, he comes to the end in poverty of soul. It is proper, there- 
fore, to show this man as he is known to one who was thrown 
with him through a most intimate association of seven years in 
the relation of pastor, and it cannot be done in any way so well 
as in the exact words of that man in a recent letter. He says : 

"Soon after I went to Charlottesville, Mr. C. H. Walker, 
who had formerly lived there, returned with his wife and adopted 
daughter to make Charlottesville their home. I soon became very 



140 CHARLES HENRY WALKER 

much attached to all of them. Mrs. Walker has a great capacity 
for friendship and I here want to pay tribute to her as one of the 
most attentive and ready friends a young preacher ever had. I 
was frequently in their home, and it was always a great pleasure 
to me. 

"Mr. Walker and I were thrown together very often. By 
seeking each other's company, we managed to spend much time 
together. I think no man could love another more than I loved 
him. My boyish heart just opened to the full with such ardent 
affection that the years of our separation have not diminished it. 
I love him to-day as I did then with a great abiding love. Such 
a heart as his could not resist an affection like that. He has 
responded Avith a love as warm and tender as a woman. Through 
all these years he has been my constant friend. 

"Mr. Walker, though a very busy man, was a great help to 
me in the church. He took great interest in it and was present 
at all the meetings. Without him, the church building erected 
during my ministry, could not have been built. He gave much 
time and money. He has been the most influential man in the 
church. Though forced forward in leadership, he has not tried 
to have the pre-eminence, but his humility and consideration of 
others are striking features of his character and have profoundly 
impressed those who have labored with him. He is a genuine 
Christian. 

"He has also had a large place in the community life. With 
the city's interest at heart, he has welcomed and encouraged 
whatever was for its good. He is one of its most successful busi- 
ness men. He is a good citizen whose influence has always been 
for the moral progress of his community. 

"Mr. Walker is almost an ideal man. His faults are few 
and insignificant. He has a good clear mind and a great loving 
heart and the world is better by his having lived in it." 

This testimony shows the real man, and proves that his suc- 
cess in material things has not been greater than his success in 
that better life which is the greatest contribution that any man 
can make to the community in which he lives. 

In July, 1911, Mr. Walker was bereaved of his wife, the faith- 
ful companion who had lived with him for nearly forty years. 

His second wife, Mrs. Mattie (Terrell) Wills, the daughter 
of N. A. Terrell, and the widow of F. Gary Wills, though some 
twenty-five years younger, is a most considerate helpmate, and 
gives every assurance of comforting Mr. Walker in his declining 
years. They were married on December 10, 1912. 

Walker is a very old family name one of the oldest. 
Genealogists disagree as to the derivation, one school holding to 
the opinion that it was derived from the Norse "Valka," which 
means "a foreigner." In Dutch appear the forms "Walkart" 



CHARLES HENRY WALKER 141 

and "Walker." Iii the Anglo-Saxon appear the forms "Walcher" 
and "Wealhere," meauiug "a stranger soldier," practically the 
same meaning as the Norse "Valka." The other school of gen- 
ealogists hold to the belief that the name was derived from an 
occupation. Before the introduction of rollers, when cloth was 
made, it had to be trodden under foot. The Anglo-Saxon word 
for this was "Walcere," which the English translated "a fuller," 
and in time "fuller" and "walker" became synonymous terms, 
and "the walker" became a regular occupation. It is likely that 
both claims are correct, and that some of the Walker names come 
from one source and some from the other. 

The name was a very popular one in England, and the num- 
ber of Walker families grew apace. In the nine hundred years 
or so which have elapsed since family names were first adopted 
there have been granted to the Walker families in England over 
fifty Coats of Arms. They have held innumerable positions of 
influence and importance with a number of titles, there having 
been at times as many as a half dozen Baronets who had titles, 
in different branches of the family. 

Between 1625 and 1655, something like fifty different Walk- 
ers came over from England to Virginia. A majority of these 
came over from the southern counties of England, though one or 
two of them are known to have come from Yorkshire. In the 
Kevolutionary War, the Virginia Walkers were represented by 
more than seventy soldiers, ranging in rank from private to 
colonel. In "The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography" 
over sixty Walkers have been given place. They cover every pos- 
sible pursuit in life. Amasa Walker was one of our greatest 
political economists; three or four of them have been Governors 
of States; a half dozen Congressmen; a half dozen Senators; 
several soldiers ; naval officers ; an astronomer of note ; a singer ; 
a philanthropist; William Walker, the Prince of Filibusters, 
known as the "Gray-eyed Man of Destiny," and Francis A. 
Walker, the greatest statistician that America has ever known. 

In the absence of complete records and the official registra- 
tion of births and deaths, it is very difficult to establish definitely 
the line of descent of a member of a family so numerous, and with 
which the pages of Virginia history fairly bristle as to mention, 
but always in disconnected paragraphs. Even the high-class 
magazines dealing with genealogical questions have to assume 
some things. There are reasonable grounds for believing that 
the family to which Mr. Walker belongs was founded in Virginia 
bv John and Thomas Walker, believed to have been brothers, 

*j / / 

who came from Middlesex, England, probably between 1650 and 
1660. 

The will of Joseph Walker, of St. Margaret's Parish, West- 
minster, London, County Middlesex, probated in 1666, devised 



142 CHARLES HENRY WALKER 

his property to his kinsman, "John Walker, now living in Vir- 
ginia." This John Walker was a very prominent man, known 
as Colonel John Walker. He died about 1671, leaving six daugh- 
ters. Colonel Thomas Walker, said to have been his brother, also 
a very prominent man, left sons. One of these sons was John, 
who was the father of Dr. Thomas Walker, born in 1715, a noted 
explorer who saw Kentucky in 1750, and is said to have been the 
first white man who ever saw that section. Dr. Thomas Walker 
settled, certainly prior to 1742, in a section of country out of 
which has been carved the Counties of Orange, Louisa and Albe- 
marle. When the old Fredericksville Parish was organized, in 
1742, Dr. Thomas Walker was one of the first vestrymen, and in 
later years was succeeded in the vestry by three of his sons, 
Thomas, Jr., John and Francis. 

Colonel John Walker, son of Dr. Thomas Walker, served in 
the Revolutionary War on Washington's Staff, and a younger son, 
Francis, also rose to be a colonel. 

Rev. James Maury married a Miss Walker, of this family, 
and named one of his sons Walker Maury. Matthew Maury also 
named one of his sons Walker Maury. 

This old Walker family lived at Belvoir, and Walker's Church 
(named for them) was on the road from Orange Court House 
to Charlottesville. 

On May 8, 1775, on a list of the Committee of Safety for 
Louisa County, appears as first man, Thomas Walker. Whether 
this was Dr. Walker, or his son Thomas, who was then probably 
a man of thirty, cannot be definitely stated. 

Dr. Thomas Walker is believed to have been the progenitor 
of all the Walker families of the section from which C. H. Walker 
comes, and the probabilities are that C. H. Walker is in the fifth 
generation from him. In the absence, however, of recorded evi- 
dence, this statement cannot be made as a definite fact, though it 
is probably true. 

The Coat of Arms of the Walker family of County Middlesex 
is thus described: 

Per pale argent and sable on a chevron between three cres- 
cents as many annulets, all counterchanged. 

Crest: On a mount vert a greyhound sejant per pale argent 
and sable; the argent powdered with crescents azure; the sable 
with bezants, and collared or. 

A peculiar feature of the Walker Coats of Arms in Great 
Britain is that a very great number of them show in their crests a 
greyhound. The only way that one can account for this is that 
a majority of the families evidently claimed (or rather looked 
back to) a common ancestry. 



ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI ZEREGA 

CAPTAIN ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI ZEREGA, 
of Aldie, Loudoun County, Virginia, is a fine example of 
the composite American, for there runs in his veins the 
blood of four distinct nationalities, Italian, Danish, 
French and English. Captain di Zerega was born in New York 
on February 3, 1838, and has led the varied career which seems 

*/ 

to have been characteristic of his family. 

The family was founded in the Americas by Francisco di 
Zerega, a native of Chivari, Italy, who, coming in the latter part 
of the eighteenth century from Italy to the West Indies, mar- 
ried, first, Catherine Louise Drake, of Guadaloupe, and, after 
her death, appears to have settled in Caracas and married, second, 
a lady of that city, of Spanish descent. 

Francisco had three children by his first wife. John married 
Mercedes, daughter of the Marquis de Tabor. He lived in Caracas 
until about fifty years ago and finally died in Europe. His son 
Albert died in New York in 1823, unmarried ; and his son Augus- 
tus, born December 3, 1803, died in New York, December 23, 
1888. 

By his second wife Francisco had two sons, Francisco and 
Cecelio, both of whom became generals in the Mexican army, 
Cecelio falling in battle, while Francisco lived to be Governor of 
the State of Vera Cruz and of the National Palace in Mexico 
City. He was a Thirty-third Degree Mason and lived to 1880. 

The youngest son of Francisco by his first wife was Augus- 
tus. He was born in Martinique on December 3, 1803, and became 
a merchant in Caracas, Venezuela, was an aide of the famous rev- 
olutionary general, Simon Bolivar, and, suffering from the results 
of the revolution in Venezuela, moved to the United States in 
1831, settled first in Philadelphia, later moved to New York, 
where he established the famous "Z" line of clipper ships, amassed 
a fortune, and retired from business in 1862, spending the remain- 
ing twenty-five years of his life on his estate of "Island Hall," 
on Long Island Sound. 

On April 9, 1825, in St. Thomas, Augustus di Zerega married 
Eliza M. Uytendalle, Baroness Von Bretton, daughter of John 
Bretton, Baron Von Bretton, of Denmark, and Hester (Bladwell) 
Uytendalle of England. They had eleven children, of whom Cap- 
tain Alfred di Zerega was the sixth. 

Captain di Zerega was educated in Belgium and France, and, 

[145] 



146 ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI ZEREGA 

upon leaving school, after spending two years in his father's 
office, went to sea at the age of fifteen on one of his father's ships, 
and served for something over a year on the "Queen of Clippers," 
at that time the largest merchant vessel in the world. The 
"Queen of Clippers" was at that time chartered to the French 
Government under the command of Captain di Zerega's brother, 
Augustus H. di Zerega, who, later, sailing from Liverpool, Eng- 
land, in a new ship, the "Baltic," has never been heard of since. 

Captain di Zerega then served during the Crimean War in 
the French Transport System in the Mediterranean Sea. After 
that, continuing upon the sea, he became commander of the New 
York and Liverpool Packet Ship "Compromise"; but on account 
of the outbreak of the Civil War he gave up his position in the 
mercantile marine, and on July 24, 1861, joined the United States 
Navy as an acting master, and was attached to the "Susquehanna" 
on August 17, 1861, in which he served at the capture of Hatteras 
Inlet and Port Royal. 

After two weeks' leave, on May 14, 1863, he was detached 
from the "Susquehanua," and was ordered to duty in command of 
the United States Steamer "Jasmine," at Pensacola. He re- 
mained in command of the "Jasmine" and attached to the Navy 
Yard until November 13, 1863. He was then placed in command 
of the U. S. S. "Antona," and ordered to do blockade duty between 
the mouth of the Mississippi and the Rio Grande. 

While on the "Susquehanna" he participated, as previously 
stated, in the capture of Hatteras Inlet and of Hilton Head, and 
also in an engagement with the Confederate Steamer, "Merrimac," 
and the Confederate forts in Hampton Roads, at the mouth of 
the Elizabeth River, just a few days before the "Merrimac" was 
sunk. 

On August 31, 1864, Captain di Zerega was detached from 
the command of the "Antona" and ordered to command the 
United States Naval Rendezvous at New Orleans. There being 
but little work left for the Navy to do in the Civil War, Captain 
di Zerega resigned from the service on September 8, 1864. 

Just previous to resigning from the service, on August 17, 
1864, Captain di Zerega was married in New Orleans to Alice 
Almaide Gasquet, daughter of James A. and Emily A. (Dorsey) 
Gasquet. 

Mrs. di Zerega was born in New York. Her father, James A 
Gasquet, was born at Petersburg, Virginia, and was the son of a 
French officer doing service in San Domingo at the time of the 
revolt of the negroes in 1791. The success of that revolt forced 
him to escape to the United States. 

In 1842 Captain di Zerega's father bought the splendid estate 
of Aldie, upon which Captain di Zerega has now lived for nearly 
fifty years. 



ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI ZEREGA 147 

The children of Captain di Zerega's marriage are five in all : 
Emily Augusta, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, September 24, 
1865 ; Augustus di Zerega, born at Aldie Manor, Virginia, Septem- 
ber 8, 1868 ; Martha Alice, born at New Orleans, March 9, 1873 ; 
Frances Gasquet, born at Aldie Manor, Virginia, August 31, 1877 ; 
and Gasquet, born at Aldie Manor, Virginia, October 18, 1870. 
He has fourteen living grandchildren, the greater number being 
males, so that there is no danger of the family name dying out. 

Captain di Zerega has lived for many years the quiet life 
of a country gentleman. He has kept in touch with affairs through 
his membership in a number of societies, such as the Loyal Legion, 
the Grand Army of the Republic, the Veteran Association of the 
Farragut Fleet, and is one of the owners of a prize medal issued 
to members of the Grand Army, also the medal of the Navy for 
service during the Civil War. He has besides a medal presented 
to him by the Life Saving Benevolent Association of New York 
on January, 1857, when he was third officer of the ship "EL" 
for his humanity and courage in assisting to save all the passen- 
gers and crew of the ship "John Garrar" when a wreck at sea 
during a heavy gale on December 8, 1856. A Republican in his 
political affiliations, he has never held any offices other than to 
serve as Chairman of the Eighth Virginia Republican Congres- 
sional Committee, and in such honorary capacities. 

In his earlier years he was very partial to works of discovery 
and scientific works bearing upon his occupation as a mariner. 
Of later years he has naturally found more interest in modern 
works upon farming. The splendid estate upon which he lives 
is evidence of the fact that he has used to advantage the informa- 
tion gathered from his reading. His property adjoins the old 
homestead of President Monroe. It was the former home of 
Colonel Charles Fentou Mercer, from whom Captain di Zerega's 
father purchased it. 

Aldie village and Aldie Manor were named after Lord Lon 
doun's estate in England by Charles Fenton Mercer. 

Captain di Zerega has three married children, Augustus di 
Zerega, who married Agnes Green of Aldie; Martha di Zerega, 
who married William Irvine di Zerega, and Gasquet di Zerega, 
who married Frederica F. Heuser of Burnside Vineyard, near 
Hay Market, Prince William County, Virginia. 



JOHN WILLIAM BOWDOIN 

THE Bowdoin family in the United States has the peculiar 
distinction, that every member of the family, wherever 
found, is descended from Pierre Baudouin, the French 
Huguenot who, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes 
in 1685, escaped with his life and some property from France, 
and coming to America settled first at Falmouth (now Portland), 
on Casco Bay, Maine, where he arrived in April, 1687. He had 
been two years on the road, having stopped for a time in Ireland. 
He was a physician by profession, and a man of means. He 
acquired a large estate in Maine, but in 1690 removed to Boston. 
His removal was timely, for it is said that the Indians destroyed 
the town in which he had lived the day after his departure. 

Dr. Pierre Baudouin promptly became anglicised into Peter 
Bowdoin. There has never been a better stock in any country 
than this French Huguenot blood. Careful students of history 
say that France never recovered the blow to both its material 
and moral prosperity inflicted by this exodus of more than one 
hundred thousand of its best citizens. The Huguenots were to 
France what the Puritans were to England, with the difference 
that they lacked the hardness of the English Puritans. They 
practiced the same stern morality, were almost ascetic in their 
lives, but the element of harshness was lacking in their com- 
position, and wherever they w^ent they speedily made friends of 
the people with whom their lot was thrown. Whether in Massa- 
chusetts, New York, Virginia or South Carolina, everywhere they 
promptly took rank as among the best citizens of the country. 
The Bowdoins were not an exception. 

Peter Bowdoin came to America with four children. Two 
of these, James and John, survived him. James became an 
eminent merchant in Boston and accumulated a large estate. 
John moved South to Virginia about 1700, settling where East- 
ville, Northampton County, is now located, and became the 
founder of the Virginia family. James, the Boston merchant, 
was the father of another James, born August 8, 1727, who be- 
came one of the most distinguished citizens of Massachusetts, 
holding many positions of honor and trust among the people of 
the State. He was a man of great learning, and a generous friend 
to all institutions of an educational character. He died in 1790. 

Bowdoin College in Maine, then (1794) just incorporated, 
was remembered generously in the will of James Bowdoin 3, 

[148] 



IP'- 




JOHN WILLIAM BOWDOIN 151 

who also endowed it with a large lauded estate. This is the 
oldest college in the State of Maine. He had much the same 
character as his father, being a learned man of most philanthropic 
disposition, and served our country as its Minister to Spain. In 
addition to Bowdoin College in Maine, Bowdoin Square in Bos- 
ton, the site of which is said to have been donated to the citv 

>_ 

by the Bowdoin family, also keeps the name fresh in the memory 
of the people of Massachusetts. 

The Bowdoin family has not multiplied as numerously as 
some others, but through all its generations has maintained the 
high character of its founders. The Northern line is represented 
at the present moment by George Sullivan Bowdoin, of New York, 
a member of the great banking firm of J. P. Morgan and Company, 
and by William Goodrich Bowdoin, a literary man who, for a 
number of years has been connected in an editorial way with the 

t/ */ 

"Independent." In the Virginia line we have Dr. John William 
Bowdoin, of Bloxom, Accomac County, Virginia, who is the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

Dr. Bowdoin was born in the village where he now lives, on 
March 30, 1855, son of Dr. John Robert and Amanda (Hinman) 
Bowdoin. His academic and medical training was obtained from 
Richmond College, the University of Virginia, the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons in Baltimore, and the University of 
New York. His life work has been that of a physician in active 
practice, one year of which was spent in Texas and the remainder 
at his present location. It seems logical that at least one branch 
of the family should maintain its medical traditions, for Dr. 
Peter Bowdoin, the founder of this American family, had the 
reputation in France, a country noted for the learning and skill 
of its physicians, of being a practitioner of marked ability. 

Dr. Bowdoin has been very active in other directions, and 
no interest of his community, whether in a moral or a material 
way, but has had his cordial and efficient support. A lifetime 
Democrat, he has been for twenty-five years Chairman of the 
County Committee. In 1912 he was a delegate to the Baltimore 
Convention which nominated Woodrow Wilson. This greatly 
gratified Dr. Bowdoin as he had throughout consistently advo- 
cated Mr. Wilson's election. For eight years he served as Com- 
missioner of Fisheries. He is at the present time Chairman of 
the Board of Supervisors of Accomac County. He is President of 
Eastern Shore Game Protective Association, was at one time 
member of the Federal Pension Examining Board, from which 
position he voluntarily retired. He is surgeon of the N. Y. P. 
and N. Railroad, is a member of the State Medical Association, 
of the Seaboard Medical Association, and the County Medical 
Society. He gives strong and hearty support to the church. His 
business ability is of a high order. He organized the Accomac 



152 JOHN WILLIAM BOWDOIN 

Banking Company, which has had a remarkably successful career, 
and of which he is at this time the President. He was one of the 
chief organizers of the Eastern Shore Fire Insurance Company, 
and of the Eastern Shore Produce Exchange. Always an ardent 
sportsman and an earnest game protectionist, he was organizer 
of the Eastern Shore Game Protective Association, to which he 
has given liberally of both his time and money, and is now the 
President, as before stated. In all civic affairs of his community, 
he has been both progressive and aggressive, and no man of his 
section more thoroughly commands the confidence of the people. 
Dr. Bowdoin has been twice married : first, at St. James, 
La., on June 2, 1885, to Flora Hiinel, daughter of Clerville 
and Lavinia Barton Himel. The second marriage was at New- 
port News, Virginia, on September 22, 1904, to Mrs. N. D. Pitman, 
of Richmond, daughter of Loften Dabney and Anne (Fisher) 
Allen. His only child is Margaret, a graduate of Chatham Epis- 
copal Seminary, who married Dr. Rupert Colmore, of Chatta- 
nooga, Tennessee. Dr. Bowdoin is a fine example of the good 
American, of that type which does the day's work faithfully and 
well, which seeks not its own aggrandizement, but is ever ready 
to contribute time, labor and money to the betterment of his 
community, and to the upbuilding of the nation. It is such men 
who have made this Republic. It is such men who will maintain 
it in the future and who will triumph over the difficulties which 
will of necessity arise, and from which no nation can escape. 
Men of the type of Dr. Bowdoin are doing great service to human- 
ity in extending the influence for good of this great Republic, and 
to them we owe honor, respect, confidence and esteem more than 
to many others whose claims to recognition possess less of ster- 
ling worth and value. 



i U 



~, L' 
.F>'UN'D.' 






PEYTON SKIPWITH COLES 

DANIEL WEBSTER, in speaking of agriculture, said, "Let 
us never forget that the cultivation of the earth is the 
most important labor of man. When tillage begins other 
arts follow. The farmers, therefore, are the founders of 
human civilization.'' Prior to this statement by Webster. George 
Washington had said, "Agriculture is the most ancient, the most 
honorable and the most useful occupation of man." What Web- 
ster and Washington said is true, and yet the American people 
of our day show a less intelligent appreciation of the importance 
of agriculture than any other people at any other time have ever 
shown. The abnormal and unhealthy growth of cities has not 
only led to a great exodus from the farms to the cities, but has 
also led to such distorted views that we seem no longer to be 
correct judges of real values. 

The planters of Maryland, Virginia and the Carolinas. the 
farmers of New England and the Middle States in the first two 
hundred years of our history gave to this country a multitude of 
men whose strong qualities as nation builders have never been 
equaled in history. There was a reason for this. The planters 
and farmers were conservative in the best sense of that word. 
Their occupation of necessity made them patient, and so these 
patient, industrious, thoughtful, conservative men, rich, however, 
in courage, were the ideal people with which to build a new 
nation. 

Our story has to deal with one of these Virginia farmers of 
to-day, whose ancestors for two hundred years have contributed 
their share towards making Virginia what it has very properly 
been called, "The mother of States and Statesmen." Peyton Skip- 
with Coles was born at Estouteville. Albemarle County. Vir- 
ginia, September '27, 1853. son of Peyton Skipwith and Julia 
Isaetta Coles. His father was a farmer, the sou of John Coles 3, 
who was a farmer and who was the son of John Coles 2, who 
was a farmer and who was the son of John Coles 1. an immigrant 
from Ireland to Virginia, and who also was a farmer. P. S. 
Coles, therefore, it might be said, inherited his occupation just as 
he inherited his name. 

Mr. Coles was educated by tutors at home, followed by 
attendance at a school in Middleburg. Loudoun County, which in 
turn was followed by attendance at the school long maintained 
by Major Jones in Charlottesville, and finally at the University 

[155] 



156 PEYTON SKIPWITH COLES 

of Virginia. It may be said in passing that Major Jones was one 
of the great teachers in his generation. Peyton Skipwith Coles 
sums up his life work in five words : "A farmer all my life." He 
has supplemented that farming record with another Coles inherit- 
ance, that of serving as vestryman in Christ Church of St. Anne's 
Parish. This record is somewhat like that of the nation which is 
said to be happy because it has no history. 

But there is another side to the story. The man from the 
outside who will travel through Albemarle County, Virginia, 
with its grass lands, its great crops of corn and wheat, its 
orchards unsurpassed in the world, will have awakened in him a 
respect for the work of these Virginia farmers, who have turned 
an unbroken wilderness into one of the beauty spots of the earth 
where, if men do not amass great fortunes, they at least dwell in 
peace and comfort, and generation by generation add somewhat 
to the work of those gone before. As General Washington said, 
farming is the most useful occupation, and our great cities, which 
are the pride of their indwellers, exist only because the farmer 
toils through summer's heat and winter's cold that they may have 
food and drink. Farming, therefore, is the one essential occupa- 
ton. There was a time when men managed to exist without 
banks or factories or commerce, but there has never been a time 
when they were able to do without farmers. These Virginia 
farmers are highly cultured men, men who know the refinements 
of life, who are well-read, a great many of them educated in the 
liberal arts, proud of their country and their calling. From their 
ranks have been drawn many of the great statesmen of our 
country, and it is not too much to say that we could trade off 
quite a few of the so-called statesmen of to-day for some of these 
men, and the country be gainer by the transaction. 

Let us consider for a little space the history of this Virginia 
family of planters. It goes back to the English conquest of Ire- 
land. When Strongbow overran Ireland at the command of the 
English king, at that time inducements were offered to English- 
men to settle in the then barbarous country, the idea being, 
through these Englishmen, to leaven the whole lump and make it 
an English country. A large number of Englishmen responded 
to this invitation. A Coles, who received large land grants, 
settled at Enniscorthy in the County of Leinster, where his 
descendants live to this day. 

In 1710 a younger son of this family, whom we know as John 
Coles 1, incurred in some way the displeasure of his father, and 
being a hot-headed youth, immediately migrated to Virginia 
where he built the first dwelling in what is now the city of Rich- 
mond, and married Mary, daughter of Isaac Winston, of Han- 
over County. This John Coles acquired a vast estate, mainly in 
lands, the major part of which under the prevailing idea of that 
day went to his eldest son, Walter Coles. 



PEYTON SKIPWITH COLES 157 

One of the younger brothers was John Coles 2, who inherited 
from his father certain lands, then in Goochland County, which 
in a later subdivision of counties fell within the boundaries of 
the new County of Albemarle. John Coles 2 obtained four addi- 
tional grants amounting to 785 acres, which brought his total 
estate up to 1830 acres. This estate, long known as Estouteville, 
named in honor of the Count of that name, who followed William 
the Conqueror, to England, has long been considered by many as 
the most beautiful country seat in Virginia. John Coles 2 was 
born in 1745. He served as a militia colonel during the Revolu- 
tion, and after the surrender of Burgoyne, was honored with the 
command of the prisoners confined at Charlottesville. He was 
a man who possessed the old-fashioned Virginia virtue of hospi- 
tality. A lover of good horses, his stable was one of the best in 
the State. He maintained open house, and long visits were paid 
him by Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Patrick Henry, Wirt, the 
Masons, Randolphs, Tazewells and other prominent men of that 
day. He married Mary E. Tucker, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth Travis Tucker, and it was their son, John Coles 3, who built 
the present mansion of Estouteville, which was completed about 
1822, replacing the one of a more ancient date. Situated some ten 
miles southwest of Charlottesville in the famous old Green Moun- 
tain section, a country unsurpassed for beauty, the stately man- 
sion fits in with the scenery around it like a part of a finished 
mosaic. 

John Coles 2 was a vestryman in St. Anne's Parish in 1772, 
which position is now held by his great-grandson, nearly 150 
vears later. 

V 

The children of John Coles I were : Walter, Sarah, Mary (who 

/ t< \ 

married John Payne, and was the mother of Dorothy Payne, who 
married President Madison), John, and Isaac, who settled in 
Halifax County. Known as Colonel Isaac, he was a member of 
the First, Third and Fourth Congresses of the United States. Con- 
temporary with Colonel Isaac of Halifax County was Walter, 
probably his older brother, who had elected to settle in that part 
of the State. Two authors differ as to the given name of the 
wife of John Coles 2. One gives her name as Mary E. Tucker, 
and one as Rebecca E. Tucker. Their children were Walter, John, 
Isaac, Tucker, Edward, Rebecca (who married Richard Single- 
ton, of South Carolina), Mary Eliza (who married Robert Car- 
ter), Sarah (who married Andrew Stepheuson), Elizabeth and 
Emily (who married John Rutherford). 

John Coles (2) died in 1808 at the age of sixty-three, and his 
wife survived until 1826. His son Walter, who was for a time 
magistrate of the county, resided at Woodville, where he died in 
1854, at the age of eighty-two. Walter married Eliza, daughter 
of Bowler Cocke, and secondly, Sarah, daughter of John Swann. 



158 PEYTON SKIPWITH COLES 

His children were, Walter, Sarah, Elizabeth and Edward. Walter 
succeeded his father at Woodville. He married Anne E. Carter, 
and was the father of Dr. Walter Coles, of St. Louis. 

John (3) , son of John (2) , married Selina Skip with, of Meck- 
lenburg. He made his home in Estouteville, where he died in 
1848. He left three sons : John, who lived near Warren ; Peyton, 
who married his cousin, Isaetta, and who succeeded his father at 
Estouteville, where he died in 1887, and Tucker, who resided at 
Viewrnont. 

Isaac A., son of John* 2 ), was a lawyer, and was for a time 
President Jefferson's private secretary and a member of the 
House of Delegates of Virginia. He lived at Enniscorthy, mar- 
ried Mrs. Julia Strieker Rankin, widow of Hon. Christopher 
Rankin, of Louisiana, and had two children, Isaetta and Strieker. 
He died in 1841, and his wife in 1876. 

Tucker, son of John< 2 >, also represented the County in the 
House of Delegates. He married Helen Skip with, of Mecklen- 
burg, and died at Tallwood in 1861, leaving no children. Edward 
Coles, the youngest son of John< 2) , was in some respects one of the 
most remarkable men our country has known. He had invincible 
objections to slavery. After serving as private secretary to Pres- 
ident Madison, he sold the plantation on Rockfish River, which 
had been left him by his father, and in 1818 removed to Illinois, 
carrying with him all his slaves, settling them by families on 
farms near Edwardsville, after giving them their freedom. He 
was appointed by President Monroe first Governor of the Terri- 
tory of Illinois, and was elected as its second Governor when it 
became a State, and having successfully defeated those who would 
have made it a slave State, he removed to Philadelphia in 1832. 
There he married Sarah L. Roberts, and died in 1868, leaving 
three children, one of whom, Roberts Coles, came to Virginia, 
settled in the old home county, was a captain in the Confederate 
Army, and fell in the battle of Roanoke Island, in 1862. 

There is a letter extant, written by Edward Coles while Gov- 
ernor of Illinois, which is such a splendid illustration of a true 
democrat that it is here given verbatim. It was written to one 
of the leading papers of the State on account of a reference in 
that paper to the Governor as "His Excellency." Under date of 
December 10, 1822, written from Vandalia, then the State capital, 
the Governor said : 
"Gentlemen : 

"Our State Constitution gives to the person exercising the 
functions of the Executive the appellation of Governor, a title 
which is specific, intelligible, and republican, and amply sufficient 
to denote the dignity of the office. In your last paper, you have 
noticed me by the addition of 'His Excellency/ an aristocratic 
and high-sounding adjunct, which, I am sorry to say, has become 



PEYTON SKIPWITH COLES 159 

too common among us, not only in newspaper annunciations, but 
in the addressing of letters, and even in familiar discourse. It is 
a practice disagreeable to my feelings, and inconsistent, as I 
think, with the dignified simplicity of freemen and with the 
nature of the vocation of those to whom it is applied. And having 
made it a rule through life to address no one as his Excellency or 
the Honorable, or by any such unmeaning title, I trust I shall be 
pardoned for asking it as a favor of you and my fellow-citizens 
generally not to apply them to me." 

Commenting on this letter, one author said : 

"In the present age of title-worship, this letter of Governor 
Coles comes as a refreshing breath ringing as it does with sin- 
cerity and true republicanism." 

The wife of John Coles (3) , of Estouteville Mansion, was 
Selina Skipwith, daughter of Sir Peyton Skipwith, of Prest- 
wold. Among the historic names with which the Coles family 
became connected by marriage appear those of Strieker, Roberts, 
Cocke, Singleton, Rutherford, Carter, Preston, Pendleton, Bowl- 
ing, Tucker and Winston. 

The Coat of Arms of the Coles family, of Enniscorthy, con- 
firmed in 1647, is described as follows: 

Gules on a chevron between two lions' heads erased or, ten 
ogresses. 

Crest: A snake wreathed about a marble pillar proper gar- 
nished or. 



CHARLES HENRY KING 

CHARLES HENRY KING, of Pulaski County, Virginia, a 
native of that county, and for many years one of its most 
prominent citizens, is a grandson of Charles King who 
came to Giles County, Virginia, in his early manhood from 
either North Carolina or Tennessee. It seems probable that he 
came from North Carolina, for Charles and Cornelius King, who, 
in 1782, were residents of Mechlenburg County, Virginia, appa- 
rently moved toward western North Carolina, and in 1790 Charles 
King was a resident of Orange County in that State. 

Charles and Cornelius King were Irish, and as the Charles 
King who came to Dublin and founded the family of which we 
are treating was Irish, it seems probable that he was a son of 
this Charles King. Charles King, the first of the name in this 
section, was born December 13, 1788, and died of pneumonia in 
1864. He was married January 8, 1807, to Jane Shannon, a 
daughter of Thomas Shannon, Sr., who was born May 15, 1789. 
Of this marriage there were twelve children : Sallie King, born 
February 28, 1808, married Robert Carr, August 24, 1826 ; Thomas 
Shannon King, born May 29, 1809, married Matilda Patten David- 
son on April 11, 1837 ; Nancy King, born January 27, 1811 ; John 
Crow King, born December 18, 1812, married Ann Carr, August 
30, 1837; Ann King, born January 11, 1815, married Sam C. 
Charleton, February 25, 1864 ; William H. King, born April 10, 
1817, married Martha McDonald, February 28, 1839; Jane and 
Hannah King (twins), born January 17, 1819; Jane married Joe 
Davidson on November 19, 1844, and Hannah married William 
B. Allen; Elizabeth King, born April 11, 1821, married Ira D. 
Hall, November 19, 1844; Mary King, born April 7, 1823; and 
Charles Banks King, born November 4, 1824, married Elizabeth 
Martin in 1853. A son unnamed was born November 27, 1827, 
and died in infancy. 

Charles King was of the Protestant faith, and came from that 
one of the half-dozen Irish King families settled in County Derry, 
of which William King, Episcopal Bishop of Derry in 1690, was 
a member. Charles King possessed a full measure of Irish 
geniality and wit. He served three terms in the Legislature, and 
made many friends, even of his political opponents, by his ami- 
ability and readiness of speech. In those days they cried the vote 
at the court house. On one occasion wiien the vote had gone 
in his favor, a man came to him and said, "Colonel, I voted 

[160] 





/ 







1 



CHARLES HENRY KING 163 

against you to-day." Mr. King laughed and said, "Thank you, 
thank you for telling me about it. I know you will do better 
next time." The pleasant way in which he took the rather un- 
gracious speech won over the man, and the next time he did vote 
for him. 

Charles King was a farmer by occupation, and he was a 
successful one. To some extent also he was engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits. His devotion to his wife was a pronounced trait 
of his character. After her death, and in his later years he was 
a most earnest Bible reader. He often read' so late in the night 
that his daughters, fearing lack of sleep for his declining years, 
would cut off the candles which he was to use so that they would 
burn no longer than the proper time for him to retire. After 
clearing the supper tables, one of his daughters would place his 
Bible and the allowance of candle for him. He would put his 
face down very close to the big Bible and read as long as the 
candle burned. It is significant that our forefathers who had 
to read their Bibles by dim candle light were in many instances 
far more familiar with the Scriptures than their descendants of 
to-day with all the Bible helps they have. 

Of the sons of Charles King, Thomas Shannon King married 
Matilda Patten Davidson, who was a daughter of Henry Preston 
Davidson and his wife, Nancy Brown Davidson. Henry Preston 
Davidson's mother was Matilda Patten. His wife was a daughter 
of James Brown, who married a Miss Haven. Of Thomas Shan- 
non King's marriage there were six children ; five girls and one 
son as follows : Nancy Jane King, born March 12, 1838, who mar- 
ried Edwin Houston Harman, who was born February 13, 1835. 
They were married April 2, 1861. Mr. Harman was mortally 
wounded in the Battle of Cloyd's Mountain, May 9, 1864, and 
died May 11, at the old Darst place, leaving a widow and two 
boys, one a baby six months of age. The next child, Sarah Ellen 
King, was born January 21, 1841, and married John Harvey Cad- 
dell, who was born October 19, 1839. They were married Sep- 
tember 6, 1865, and on April 1, 1890, John Harvey Caddell was 
murdered while riding home by a man who supposed he had a 
large sum of money on his person because he was County Treas- 
urer. 

Charles Henry King, the immediate subject of this sketch, 
was born August 28, 1842, and has been twice married : first, to 
Sallie McGavock, a daughter of David and Mary Cynthia (Cloyd) 
McGavock, and secondly, to Willie Miller Guerrant, a daughter 
of Colonel William Gibson Guerrant and Elizabeth Porter Miller. 
The first marriage was contracted on November 20, 1878. His 
first wife, at the time of this marriage, was the widow of a Mr. 
Jones. She died on January 31, 1901, and Mr. King married his 
second wife on January 17, 1905. The next child of Thomas S. 



164 CHARLES HENRY KING 

King was Julia Ann King, born September 18, 1845, who married 
Thomas E. Jackson. Mary Elizabeth King, the next, was born 
June 18, 1847. She married James Trollinger. The youngest 
child, Cynthia Bently, was born June 20, 1851. She married 
Lewis P. Stearns. Thomas Shannon King suffered a stroke of 
paralysis twelve years before his death, which occurred on Feb- 
ruary 19, 1883. He was a good farmer who lived in troublous 
times. His wife survived him until August 5, 1899. 

Charles Henry King was educated in the old-time private 
schools of his neighborhood. Some of the incidents of his youth 
relating to a period when conditions were widely different from 
those now prevailing are of interest as illustrating the times of 
our fathers. He relates how he earned his first money. His father 
had an old slave named Amos, who, after doing the ordinary farm 
work during the day, would make a little crop of his own at night. 
Old Amos hired the little boy to help him cut grass seed in his pri- 
vate crop and paid him for it the first money he ever had. It ap- 
pears to have been a principle of Mr. Bang's father not to give the 
boy money. He recalls how once, at Christmas time, he gave to 
him and each of his five sisters a big copper cent. According to the 
customs of the country Mr. King's father would every fall make 
a marketing trip to Lynchburg by wagon, taking bacon, lard, 
wheat and other country products, and he recalls that on his 
return he always brought him a new cap, which he says was 
frequently too small, as he had then, and still has, an unusually 
large head. Evidently the father was governed in the purchase 
of the cap by the boy's age rather than by the size of his head. 

Mr. King's schoolboy days recall some very interesting phases 
of the old South. He first went to school on Back Creek in the 
settlement where he was born, to an old man named Yates, and 
then to Mrs. Chancelaune at Thursee Spring. He was then seven 
or eight years old, and every day he walked four miles to this 
school with his sisters Jennie and Ellen. Compare this with the 
tender youth of the present day who think it a hardship if they 
have to walk six blocks to school. His next teacher was a Mr. 
Henry, a member of the family which lived in the famous Henry 
house on the battlefield of Manassas, which was destroyed by the 
artillery during the battle, an dhis mother killed. This house 
was afterward painted by Mr. Mosler under the title, "The Lost 
Cause." His next teacher he recalls with a shudder. He speaks 
of him as old Greiner. This man was a teacher after the old 
order of Dominies, and of that type which no boy ever loved. His 
method was beating the boys and pulling their hair and Mr. King 
says that to this day he remembers him with aversion. The 
next school which he attended was Heuser and McNutt School 
at New Bern. This brought him up to the beginning of the 
Civil War. 



CHARLES HENRY KING 165 

He became a member of Company "E," Twenty-Fourth Vir- 
ginia Regiment uncler Captain W. W. Bently, the famous Lieu- 
tenant-General Jubal Early being at that time Colonel of this 
regiment. Later Mr. King's command was assigned to Keniper's 
Brigade, Pickett's Division, Longstreet's Corps. It will be re- 
called by our readers that this division (Pickett's) made the his- 
toric and immortal charge at Gettysburg. The war was one long 
period of horror to Mr. King. Even at that early period he gave 
evidence of the sound judgment which has characterized him 
through life. He saw but little hope of the South winning, and 
the squalid discomfort of army life kept in a constant state of 
wretchedness a young man to whom neatness and order was as 
the breath of life. He does not like to talk about the war, but 
little by little those near to him have drawn from him some of 
his experiences. Just before the battle of Manassas there was 
an attack of measles while his regiment was at Camp Prior. 
When the battle was impending, a young and foolish doctor came 
and announced the fact to the young men sick of the measles, and 
said that all of them who felt well enough might go forward 
and participate in the battle. Over one hundred of them, in fact 
practically all of these measles patients, at once volunteered. They 
dragged themselves on to the battlefield when they were met by 
their own surgeon who immediately sent them back. They were 
caught in a rain, and as a result of this more than fifty died. 
Later on he contracted typhoid fever while his command was 
near Richmond. His father came down and secured his transfer 
to the White Sulphur Springs Hospital in Montgomery County. 
On the way there they stopped over night in Lynchburg. Every 
sort of necessity was scarce, so the young soldier had kept a 
small piece of soap in his pocket. The next morning a man near 
him whose leg had been amputated sat up on his straw cot, looked 

carefully at the stump and said, "I will be d d. The d d 

rats have eaten all that bandage off of my stump and have left 
all the stump bare." 

Mr. King's father did not stop at the Springs but took the 
sick lad on home where his mother and sisters nursed him. There 
was not much to eat, but they gave him the best there was, and 
restored him to health. His mother had grieved much, as his 
sisters told him, and would say, "Poor Charlie, if he could only 
come home, I would never mind him robbing my preserve jars 
again." It was during this sick furlough that he advised his 
father to pay off his debts in Confederate money. This was in 
1862. He was barely twenty years old, and is a remarkable illus- 
tration of his good judgment and foresight. He felt then that the 
Confederacy could not win. At Gettysburg Mr. King was cap- 
tured and sent first to Fort Delaware. From there, loaded with 
other prisoners like cattle on a boat, they were sent to Point 
Lookout, Maryland. 



166 CHARLES HENRY KING 

A favorite theme of our northern friends is the hardship 
endured by their prisoners in the southern prisons. It recalls 
the Bible story of the man who could see the mote in his 
brother's eye and was unconscious of the beam in his own. 

This is not a pleasant subject, but in order that the truth 
may be known, it is given here just as Mr. King saw it and 
endured it for nineteen months; cold, sickness and starvation. 
These are his words : "I have seen weak, starving men go to the 
filthy sewers and watch for a bone or any scrap of bread that 
might have been thrown in the garbage. They would grab it out 
and gnaw off in bits all the meat and gristle like hungry dogs. 
They would trap for rats and eat all they could get. If a dog 
came about they would kill him and cook him. It was hard to 
get dogs because people found out that the prisoners would eat 
them. We were kept in a camp with a fence around us, but 
sometimes a dog would follow someone in. The rats were very 
good. Many of the mountain boys were clean grit. Yet those 
big fellows did not seem to be able to stand the loss of sleep and 
poor fare as well as the wiry smaller boys from the towns, w r ho 
were used to prowling around at night and had irregular habits. 
The mountaineers of North Carolina were the most home-sick. 
They pined for their mountain homes. They were usually big, 
stout fellows with no education. The restrictions of the camp 
life seemed to fall more heavily on them than any other class of 
men. They would mope around, then seem to give up and die. 
The Virginians bore up better. 

"I remember one poor fellow from Mercer County, Virginia, 
named Vest. He had what seemed to me the most loyal patriot- 
ism I ever saw. He came from a little cabin home away over in 
the mountains. The wild freedom of the hills and the forest 
around had roused in his soul a love of liberty. On the altars 
of his heart burned the fires of truest patriotism. He was igno- 
rant and unlettered, but he had ideals high and pure and the 
spirit of a hero. The food and filth of the prison brought on 
young Vest bowel and stomach troubles. His friends knew that 
he would get well if they could get him out of the prison where he 
could get proper diet and medicine. They said to him, 'Vest, 
you have no property to be fighting for; you have no slaves nor 
land ; why don't you take the oath, get out of this place, and 
save your life ! Go where you can get something to eat and live. 
You have nothing. Taking the oath of allegiance means nothing 
to you.' 

"The poor boy, huddled on his blanket on the ground thin 
and weak from starvation, roused up and said, 'I have honor and 
the honor of my State to fight for. I may die, but I will not 
swallow that oath.' He did die, and many others who never 
owned a slave, but had honor and patriotism." 



CHARLES HENRY KING 1G7 

After nineteen months' confinement Mr. King was exchanged 
and sent to Richmond by boat and put off at Kings Landing. At 
Richmond he got his army pay and a furlough for home. An 
amusing incident occurred at Lynchburg on this homeward trip. 
Those who are old enough will remember the enormous prices 
to which commodities soared in the days of the Confederacy. 
At the hotel in Lynchburg Mr. King ate flO.OO worth of butter 
for his breakfast. The proprietor watched them eat and grew 
very restless, and though he did not say much he was very anxious 
to see them quit. The proprietor probably did not realize that 
these lads had been hungry a long time. 

Arriving at home he found short commons the prevailing 
order. His father had sent all the bacon and other food sup- 
plies to Lee's army which unfortunately had been captured by 
Sheridan below Lynchburg. They had no meat that summer until 
the chickens grew. This was a common experience in Virginia 
in that hard year of 1865. 

The young niau turned to at the close of the Avar as a helper 
to his father on the farm. The father had failed to settle his 
debts with the Confederate money as advised by his son, and they 
had a long and hard time getting out of debt. He tells how 
very discouraging it was to see the calves and colts he had 
tended driven away to pay old debts. In 1871 the father was 
paralyzed and sold his farm. Mr. King then bought an interest 
in a hotel in Dublin which he conducted for a little more than 
two years. He then returned to farming, which has been his 
main pursuit from that time to the present, though he has been 
interested in numerous other directions. He has been an un- 
usually successful farmer. He tells that after the ravages of the 
war and the new system of labor, he with many others in nls 

*,'/*/ 

section w r ent to work to improve their farms. 

Pulaski is a good county with good soil, and an intelligent 
man can get results in such a country. He had learned in the 
hardest of schools the necessity of economy. In addition to the 
ordinary routine of farming he specialized on cattle, Percheron 
horses, pure bred sheep and hogs. In time he accumulated a 
surplus which he invested in other lines of business. At present 
he is a stockholder in three banks and a director in two of them. 
He was at one time President of the Culrose Coal Company and 
of the Gibboney Sand Bar Company; has had hotel investments 
and is a stockholder in the Excelsior Coal Mine at Vulcan, West 
Virginia. For many years Mr. King has been one of the most 
prominent and highly respected citizens of his county. His busi- 
ness judgment has always been good and his opinions are treated 
with respect. He is a man of strong convictions, a Democrat in 
his politics and a Presbyterian in his religious faith, being a 
member of the New Dublin Church. He has never through life 



168 CHARLES HENRY KING 

been a member of any club or secret society. His habits are 
temperate, he uses no intoxicants, and tobacco only in the form 
of smoking. He is an early riser, and after the activities of the 
day enjoys his rest at home, in the evening reading and talking 
with his family. His preferred reading is an indication of his 
temperament : The Breeders' Gazette, which bears upon his prin- 
cipal business pursuit, the Confederate Veteran, in which he sees 
constant mention of the men who shared with him the stress of 
that great conflict of 1861 to 1865, the Christian Observer, the 
organ of his church, and the Lynchburg Daily News from which 
he gets news of the great world and political information. 

He is a man of extremely neat and orderly habits and exact 
in everything that he undertakes. There is so much sound sense 
in a few sentences which he used as an expression of his present- 
day views that they are here given verbatim: "If people would 
stick to the country and stop this leaving the farm and moving 
to town, they would be better off financially, morally and men- 
tally. The people in town run about too much to read, think 
or meditate on the more serious problems of life. In dissipation 
and pleasure they lose their moral, physical and spiritual balance, 
also the straight and narrow way. At home with his family is 
the proper place for a man at night. A man who has the 
proper interests in life, and has been busy during the day is glad 
to stay there. If young people could leave off running after 
fashion and having a good time, they would be able to lead more 
useful and purer lives. My ways are old-fashioned, and farming 
has gone too far ahead of me to give any suggestions." 

His last sentence speaks well for his modesty, for though 
he may be old-fashioned, he could give many new-fashioned men 
points on farming. 

This branch of the King family belongs evidently to what we 
call Scotch-Irish. It will be remembered that a large population 
migrated from Scotland to the north of Ireland. These people 
were mainly Presbyterians in faith, though some were Episco- 
palians. The rest of Ireland was Catholic. No people in the 
world have ever been more tenacious of their religion or more 
courageous in defending their liberties than these Scotch-Irish, 
and they have given to our country one of its most valuable con- 
stituent elements. Charles Henry King has through his long life 
thoroughly lived up to the best traditions of a virile stock. 

Mrs. King is a member of the Guerrant family, of French 
Huguenot extraction, and, like the Scotch-Irish, is one of the most 
raluable of our American racial stocks. 



THE E 

,BLIC 



HENRY LYNE PLUMMER 

THE family name of Plunimer is derived, according to an 
English authority, from the French "le Plumer" or "le 
Pluinier," meaning a plume-maker. Plumes were, of 
course, very much worn in the Middle Ages by the Knights 
and mounted men. The craft was important and lucrative. 
With the Norman conquerors of England came the plume-makers, 
and from them was derived the English surname, which has been 
indifferently spelled "Plumer," "Plomer" and "Plummer." As 
a surname "Plomer" was apparently the favorite form down to 
about the beginning of the seventeenth century. From that 
time to the present, "Plomer" appears to have disappeared, and 
the two present spellings of "Plumer" and "Plummer," have 
survived. 

In the Colonial period of our country there were three main 
branches of the family one of which settled in Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire about 1634; another in Maryland, probably 
about 1660 ; and a third in Virginia, the date ranging from 1638 
to 1656. 

The leading figures of the New England family were William, 
who was a Governor of New Hampshire and United States Sena- 
tor in the early part of the last century, and Edwin, who was 
editor of a great paper at Portland, Maine. In the same period 
the Maryland and Pennsylvania family had always enjoyed high 
standing, and in the last century contributed one man of national 
reputation and great worth. This was the Reverend Dr. William 
S. Plumer, who adhered to the spelling of the name with one "m." 
He was born in Pennsylvania, educated in Washington College, 
Virginia, and entered the Presbyterian ministry. He served 
churches in Washington, Raleigh, and New Bern (North Caro- 
lina), in Prince Edward and Charlotte Counties, Virginia, was 
pastor of Tabb Street Church in Petersburg, in 1831 to 1834 ; pas- 
tor of the First Church of Richmond from 1834 to 1848; and 
Trustee of Hampden- Sidney College for many years. But the 
crowning work of his most useful life was the establishment of 
the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Institute, at Staunton, Virginia, in 
1838 he being the original mover of the enterprise. 

The first record of the Virginia branch of the familv is that 

*/ 

of Thomas Plomer who, in partnership with Samuel Edmonds, 
obtained a grant of four hundred acres of land, on September 4, 
1638, at the Upper Chippokes Creek this was in James City 
County. The next is of John Plummer, who came to Virginia in 

[171] 



172 HENRY LYNE PLUMMER 

1642, and settled in Northampton County. In 1650 another John 
came and settled in Nansemond County. In 1653 came a third 
John, who settled in Henrico County. Then came Francis 
Plumer, in 1654 the place where he located being unknown. 
Peter came over in 1656, settled in York County, and on October 
20, 1665, was granted eighty acres of land on the north side of 
James Kiver and the north side of Kittawan Creek. The last of 
the early settlers was Morris Plummer, who came over in 1656, 
and settled in Gloucester Countv. 

> 

The subject of this sketch, Henry Lyne Plummer, President 
of the Virginia Trunk and Bag Company, at Petersburg, is prob- 
ably descended from Thomas, as that given name seems to have 
been favored by this family in the earlier period. According to 
the family history handed down to him, Henry Lyne Plummer is 
the third of his name. His father was Henry Lyne Plummer (2 >, 
and his grandfather was Henry Lyne Plummer* 1 ), who was a 
son of Hon. Kemp Plummer, w^ho was the son of William Plurn- 
mer* 2 ), who was the son of William Plummer (1 >, who married 
Elizabeth Kemp, of Middlesex County, Virginia, a member of the 
distinguished Kemp family of that section. The "Kichrnond 
Dispatch" is authority for the statement that the Plummer who 
married Elizabeth Kemp was Thomas Plummer, and that this 
marriage took place in 1717. This date must be in error, because 
Elizabeth Kemp, who was the daughter of Matthew and Mary 
Kemp, was born in Middlesex County on April 28, 1722. It is 
quite probable that Thomas Plummer was the father of William, 
who married Elizabeth Kemp, and that the names have become 
confused. It is stated that the children of this marriage were 
Kemp* 1 ), John, George and William that Kemp married, in 1743, 
Judith Dudley, and was a member of the vestry of Kingston 
Parish in Matthews County. This is confirmed by Bishop Meade, 
who in his "Old Churches and Families of Virginia," says that 
both Kemp and William (evidently Kemp's brother) were ves- 
trymen of that Parish. Of Kemp Plummer's marriage to Judith 
Dudley was born, in 1769, Kemp Plummer* 2 ), who moved to 
North Carolina about 1790, settled in Warren County, and became 
a leading citizen. He was educated at Hampclen Sidney College, 
and read law under the celebrated Chancellor Wythe. He served 
in the Lower House of the Legislature in 1794, and in 1815 and 
1816 was a member of the State Senate. He married Susannah 
Martin, and by her had a large family. He was the grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch, and one of his daughters married 
the Hon. William H. Battle, of the prominent North Carolina 
family of that name. 

Another distinguished North Carolina man who married into 
the Plummer family was Hon. Nathaniel Macon, believed by 
many to be the greatest man North Carolina has ever produced. 



HENRY LYNE PLUMMER 173 

He married Hannah Plurnrner, and by her had two daughters. 
His oldest daughter, Betty Kemp Macon, married William John 
Martin, and their son, Robert A. Martin, was at one time a resi- 
dent of Petersburg, Virginia. A writer in the "William and Mary 
Quarterly" Volume VIII), says that among the descendants of 
the distinguished Armistead family are the Plummers of Peters- 
burg. This would indicate that there was, several generations 
back, an intermarriage with that family, for we find that the 
Reverend James Fitts Plummer, of Petersburg, son of Edward 
Armistead and Lucy (Fitts) Plummer, married Fannie Ansley 
Minor, who was in the eighth generation from John Carter, the 
founder of the famous Carter family, of Virginia. There are two 
other interesting marriages in this family one in the old time, 
and one in the new. The earlier one was the marriage of John 
Reade, who was in the fourth generation from George Reade, 
founder of the Reade family in Virginia. He married Jane Plum- 
mer about one hundred and thirty years ago. This Reade family 
claims descent from King Edward III, and unlike most families 
who make large claims in that direction, are able to prove it. The 
later marriage referred to was that of Mary Thornton Taylor, 
who was in the eighth generation from Benjamin Harrison, who 
was the founder of that great family which has given two Presi- 
dents to the United States. She married George A. Plummer, now 
a resident of Minneapolis. 

In the interest of accuracy, it is proper here to say that one 
of the older records states that John Reade married Judith 
Plummer (instead of Jane), and gives the date as May 16, 1769. 
The Plummer family made a creditable record in the Revolution- 
ary War. The list shows Armistead, George, George William, 
John, Kemp, Robert and William as being in active service at 
one time or another. George was commissioned an ensign by the 
Committee of Safety for Gloucester County on September 13, 
1775. Kemp was a lieutenant, apparently in the Continentals; 
and George William was a captain of Gloucester Militia. 

Bishop Meade, in his work, says that the Plummers were 
among the leading families of eastern Virginia; and numerous 
isolated references, not referred to above, show this to be true. 

Henry Lyne Plummer, of Petersburg, was born in W T arren 
County, North Carolina, on November 19, 1863, son of Henry 
Lyne and Isabel Greer (Taunahill) Plummer. His father was a 
merchant, son of Dr. Henry Lyne Plummer, a planter of Warren 
Countv, North Carolina, who married Sallie D. Falkeuer. Dr. 

t/ 7 

Henry Lyne Plummer was a son of Hon. Kemp Plummer, who 
married Susannah Martin. Kemp Plummer, the second to bear 
that given name, w r as the son of William Plummer (2) , who was 
a Gloucester County planter, and married Mary Hayes. WTQiarn 



174 HENRY LYNE PLUM HER 



was son of William Plummet 1 ), who married 
Elizabeth Kemp. 

Henry Lyne Plummer's business career dates from 1879, in 
which year he left school (at the age of sixteen) and became a 
clerk for O. B. Morgan, a cotton merchant. He did not remain in 
that service quite a year. He then went to work for his father, 
who was at that time engaged in the same line of business, and 
remained with him until 1886, w r hen he was employed by the 
Battersea, Ettrick and Matoaca Cotton Mills, of Petersburg. He 
served that concern in the capacity of a classer of cotton, and 
not being satisfied with his opportunities, he decided to change 
from the cotton business, and accepted, in 1891, a position as trav- 
eling salesman with I. P. Hoag and Company, trunk manufac- 
turers of Petersburg. His service with them for the first year 
was as a traveling salesman. After the first year he was taken 
into the office as a bookkeeper and assistant. That he made good 
in that capacity was evidenced by the fact that, in 1893, they 
sent him to New York as their representative in that city. He 
remained there for five years. He had then been between seven 
and eight years in the trunk business, had acquired a thorough 
knowledge of the trade, and felt within himself the ability to do 
larger things. In 1899 he organized the Virginia Trunk and 
Bag Company, of which he has been President from its inception 
up to the present time. He began in a small way, enlarging the 
scope of his operations as rapidly as an increasing volume of 
business would justify, until now, sixteen years from the starting, 
his Company is one of the largest trunk and bag manufacturing 
corporations in the world. Its buildings, occupying acres of 
space, handle in one year twelve thousand tons of material, em- 
ploying twenty traveling representatives, who cover not only the 
United States but foreign countries. It requires five hundred 
employees to operate the plant. This can all be told in few 
words, but one cannot adequately realize, without seeing it, the 
magnitude of the plant which has been built up in a compara- 
tively few years. It is a monument to the thoroughness of Henry 
Lyne Plummer's work and to his business capacity. He spent 
nineteen years as an employee before making his venture on his 
own account but in those nineteen years he gained such an 
equipment as has carried him on to ever increasing success. 

Mr. Plummer was married in Clover, Virginia, on November 
19, 1903, to Martha Venable Morton, daughter of William Good- 
ridge and Sarah (Hamilton) Morton. They have two children: 
Henry Lyne Plummer < 4) , and Sarah Alexander Plummer. Mr. 
Plummer is a member of St. Paul's Church of Petersburg. 

Henry Lyne Plummer is one of those capable business men, 
who are now contributing so largely to the rebuilding of the 
"Old Dominion." It is perhaps within the truth to say, speaking 



HENRY LYNE PLUMMER 175 

from a material standpoint, that the State is worth to-day more 
money than it was before the great cataclysm. It is certainly 
within the truth to say that, in its educational and eleemosynary 
Institutions, it is far in advance of what it was even in its most 
prosperous days, and this is the result of the work of these men 
who have been loyal to the home State in preference to seeking 
their fortunes in other countries ; and the men who have built up 
great institutions, like the one of which Henry Lyne Plummer is 
the head, are entitled to much credit. 

As previously stated, the old form of the name was "Plonier," 
and at least one man brought that old spelling with him to Vir- 
ginia, though he later abandoned it. 

It sounds rather familiar to find upon the records of the 
English Courts, in 1629, that Thomas Plonier was defending his 
title to a house willed to him by his father, William Ploiner. 
Going back farther, more than a century, to the year 1500 
the quaint will of a widow, Agnes Drake, after providing that 
an honest priest should say masses for the repose of her soul, 
goes on to make sundry bequests among these is one of forty 
shillings to Friar John Plunier. Forty shillings does not look 
like a very large legacy now, but in the year 1500 the purchasing 
power of forty shillings made it an important sum. 

There were two main Plummer lines in England, the York- 
shire and the Southern. The latter was prominent in Sussex. 
The Virginia Plumniers presumably came from the Southern line, 
the Coat of Arms of the family being : 

Per chevron flory counterflory argent and gules three mart- 
lets counterchanged. 

Crest : A demi-lion rampant gules, holding a garb or. 



CHARLES BERNARD GODWIN 

GODWIN is one of the most ancient family names known 
to the English speaking races. It comes down from 
Saxon times and belongs to that large class of Saxon 
names in which the name of the Deity figured. Godden, 
Godding, Godin, Goding and Godon are all variations of this 
name and had originally the same parent stock. During the 
period of Saxon supremacy in England, the Godwin family be- 
came conspicuous, the chief of the name rising to the rank of 
Earl, and the Earl Godwin of the period just prior to the Norman 
Conquest was not only one of the leaders among his countrymen, 
but one of the sturdiest patriots of any age. 

The name of Godwin later figured in one of the most roman- 
tic incidents in English history. The famous poem by Tenny- 
son in which the Lady Godiva figured as the heroine was founded 
on an incident which happened in the town of Coventry in 1427. 
The Lady Godiva was the wife of Earl Godwin, who, ruling with 
a rather heavy hand, was appealed to by her to show leniency in 
a certain case, and out of her earnestness grew the romantic 
and historical incident which is celebrated in the town of Coven- 
try to the present day. 

The antiquity of the Godwin family name in Virginia is a 
parallel to its antiquity in the old country, for in 1620, twelve 
years after the founding of Jamestown, we come upon the name 
in the person of Remould Godwin, who came to Virginia on the 
ship "Abigail", and was a member of Captain Francis West's 
muster. 

Next in order comes Daniel, who, in 1635, settled in Charles 
City County; then John who, in 1647, settled in Isle of Wight 
County. In 1653 Joseph, Elizabeth and Devoroux Godwin settled 
in Northampton County. In 1654, Matthew settled in James City 
County; and in 1656 appears a second John in Nansemond 
County. These were the ancestors of all the Godwin families in 
Virginia. 

The Godwins evidently prospered in the new country, for 
Bishop Meade says they were among the leading families of 
eastern Virginia, and from 1695 forward they have held va- 
rious official positions. Upon the records of the famous old 
Smithfield Parish, are the names of Captain Edmund, Joseph, 
and Colonel Thomas G. Godwin, as vestrymen, apparently be- 
tween the vears of 1695 and 1720. 

V 

[176] 











/, 





C/ /3 ^j-^L^J-^^ 






- 



TH 



CHARLES BERNARD GODWIN 179 

The record of the family in the Revolutionary War was most 
creditable. Anthony, of Nansemond County, was captain; Bain- 
bridge w T as a lieutenant; Brewer (Isle of Wight Co.) was a 
colonel; Edmund (Isle of Wight Co.) was a lieutenant; Edwin 
and Elisha appear to have been privates ; James was a lieutenant ; 
Jere was an ensign; Jonathan was an ensign; Kinchen was a 
captain of the Nansemond Company; Matthew, Robert and 
Samuel were privates ; Thomas was an ensign. This long line of 
Revolutionary soldiers in one family is an illustration of how 
they had multiplied. 

The old records of Isle of Wight County show land grants 
in 1714 to Colonel Thomas Godwin and in 1723 to Joseph Godwin. 
One branch of the family was represented in the earlier period 
of Maryland by Lyde Godwin, who came from Bristol, England, 
about 1740, and whose children became in part the ancestors of 
the Ridgeleys of Maryland. This branch of the family later 
changed its name to Goodwin. In the War of 1812, Abraham, 
Abraham, Jr., Kimniel and William H. Godwin, all of Virginia, 
held commissions in the United States Army. 

To the Isle of Wight and Nansemond Counties families be- 
longs Charles Bernard Godwin, of Chuckatuck, Nansemond 
County, now a prominent figure in the active business life of his 
section. 

Mr. Godwin's parents were Mills and Mary Louise (Pruden) 
Godwin. Mills Godwin was a farmer, and the boy had the usual 
rearing of a boy on a Virginia plantation. Early in life, he 
developed exceptional business capacity which has led him into 
numerous fields of effort. His interests have been ramified in 
many directions, and his success has been far more than ordinary. 
Timber land deals, transportation interests, speculations and 
farming have all at times engaged his attention ; and farming, at 
least, has been with him a permanent occupation. Retaining his 
home in a small community, he is a well-known figure in the 
larger cities by reason of his prominence in the business life of 
his section. He is at the present time a Director in the American 
Bank of Suffolk and in the Shea Realty Corporation of Norfolk. 

In his community Mr. Godwin is a man of character and 
standing. He represents worthily in his generation a family 
which has been for nearly three hundred years identified with 
his State, has shared in its good and ill fortune, has fought its 
battles in war, and contributed to its development in times of 
peace. 

On September 25, 1884, Mr. Godwin was married at Chucka- 
tuck, to Martha Carroll Whitney, daughter of Marriett Joyner 
and Martha (Carroll) Whitney. Of this marriage there is a fine 
family of five children; Bernard Whitehead, now thirty years 
of age, who attended Elon College in North Carolina and the 



180 CHARLES BERNARD GODWIN 

Virginia Polytechnic Institute at Blacksburg, Virginia; Mar- 
tha Louise, now twenty-five, was educated at the Southern Fe- 
male College at Petersburg, and Hollis College of Virginia ; Frank 
Whitney, twenty-one, and Charles Bernard, Jr., now nineteen, 
were students in the Fork Union Military Academy of Virginia; 
the youngest son, William Frederick, now seventeen. 

In a History of Nansemond County, published some years 
ago, are some interesting incidents in connection with the Godwin 
family. Between 1636 and 1772, there raged a dispute between 
Nansemond and Isle of Wight Counties as to the boundary line. 
During the hundred and thirty-six years, at least four Acts of the 
General Assembly related to these boundaries. The Act of 1674, 
after establishing fixed lines for the division, provided : "Never- 
theless, the house and cleared grounds of Captain Thomas God- 
win, who hath been an ancient inhabitant of Nanzemund Countie 
Court, be, remain countied and deemed in the County of Nanze- 
mund, anything in this act contrary notwithstanding." 

An unusual feature, in so far as Virginia was concerned, 
was the foothold obtained by the Quakers of Nanzemond County, 
probably as early as 1660. The doctrines of the Quakers appear 
to have appealed very strongly to the leading men of Nansemond, 
and the old Meeting House at Chuckatuck had associated with 
it many prominent families of the section. The records show 
that in 1682, both Thomas and Edmund Godwin were affiliated 
with the Chuckatuck Quaker Meeting House; but they evidently 
severed their connection with it, for some fifteen years later, both 
of them appeared as vestrymen of the Episcopal Parish. 

There were two Godwins of that day named Thomas, Colonel 
Thomas Godwin, Sr., who was a Burgess from 1654 to 1658, and 
his son of the same name who died in 1714. Both figure conspic- 
uously, and it is sometimes difficult to tell which is meant. The 
change of the county line in 1674, which excepts Thomas God- 
win's property, undoubtedly refers to the elder Thomas Godwin, 
and it is probable that it was he who was Speaker of the Assembly 
in 1676. His son Thomas was a member of the defiant vestry in 
Chuckatuck that denied the Governor's right of induction. He 
was also a colonel in the Militia, and was removed by Governor 
Nicholson in 1705. At the time of his death he was Presiding 
Justice of the County Court. Thomas Godwin, the third, was a 
member of the House of Burgesses in 1714 and in 1723, and sheriff 
of the county in 1731, 1732 and 1734. 

Putting all of the brief mention in the ancient records to- 
gether, it seems to be a fair assumption that the first Colonel 
Thomas Godwin was the son of John, who was one of the original 
immigrants, and was himself nearly a man grown when his father 
came to America. 



CHARLES BERNARD GODWIN 181 

The Godwin family possesses two exceedingly ancient Coats 
of Arms. As is known by all historical students, crests and 
mottoes are comparatively late additions to Coats of Arms. The 
originals were simply plain shields ornamented in whatever way 
appealed to the tastes of the owners, and the device was entered 
at the College of Heraldry. As men became more luxurious and 
esthetic, they added first the crest and later the motto. The two 
ancient Godwin Coats of Arms referred to show neither crest 
nor motto. Upon the first appears, upon a golden ground, three 
black lions rampant; and on the corner of the shield, painted 
black, appear three golden discs called bezants. In the second, 
upon a golden ground, the heraldic inscription is three palets 
lonzengy sable. 



JOHN BRAXTON HINTON 

IT is doubtful if any equal area in the world has ever produced 
so many strong men in the same length of time as Tidewater, 
Virginia, has given to the world during the last three hundred 
years. The pages of American history are lustrous with the 
deeds of these men soldiers and sailors, merchants and bankers, 
lawyers, doctors and clergymen, legislators, judges and pioneers. 
In every field of human endeavor they have made their mark. 
Xo other section of our country has been so purely English, 
unless it might be the eastern half of Massachusetts during its 
first hundred years of settlement. At least 95 per cent, of these 
Virginians are of pure English descent. 

Among the early settlers of Tidewater were the Hin- 
tons, descendants of the ancient English family of Hintons, set- 

/ C_7 */ / 

tied for centuries in Shropshire and Berkshire, England the 
original seat of the family appearing to have been at Hinton, in 
Shropshire. The family has certainly been identified with Vir- 
ginia since 1623 for, in that year, John and Elias Hinton were 
living near Jamestown. During the next thirty years quite a 
number of the Hintons came to Virginia. In 1634 appears Sir 
Thomas Hinton, who was a member of the Governor's Council, 
and was then a man of sixty. Samuel Matthews, who later be- 
came Governor of Virginia, married a daughter of this Sir Thomas 
Hinton. In 1635, two Hintons, both bearing the given name of 
William, came over one, aged twenty-five, in the ship "Speed- 
well;'' the other, aged twenty, in the ship "Thomas and John." 
Another William came over in 1636 ; John in 1642 ; Farrar Hin- 
ton in 1650; another Thomas came in 1651 under the patronage 
of Palmer Hinton, who was already in the Colony and the date of 
whose coming is unknown. 

For three hundred years the Hinton family has been con- 
spicuous in the medical profession. Sir John Hinton was phy- 
sician to both Charles I and Charles II. After the restoration, 
Charles II showed the loyal physician the same base ingratitude 
which he showed to every one else, and the old doctor fell on evil 
days. His son, Thomas Hinton, an enterprising young man, emi- 
grated to America in 1665 and settled in Baltimore, where he 
became the founder of a family. The Petersburg branch of the 
family has furnished an eminent physician in the person of Dr. 
John Robert Hinton, who died in 1890; and contemporary with 
him was Dr. John Henry Hinton, who was located in New York 
City, and one of the eminent medical men of the last century. 

[182] 



JOHN BRAXTOX HIXTOX 185 

In the Revolutionary War, the Virginia roster gives the 
names of John, John, Jr., Lewis, Spencer and William Hinton 
as soldiers in the Revolutionary Army. After that War there 

*/ i/ 

came a western movement of some branches of the Hinton family, 
and in a few years they were found west of the AHeghenies, and 
a little later in Kentucky there appeared a strong branch of the 
family, all descended from these Virginia Hintons. The family 
has given name to the town of Hinton in W T est Virginia, so that 
both in the old country and in the new the family name is pre- 
served in a locality. 

i/ 

To this ancient family belongs Captain John Braxton Hin- 
tou, of Reedville, who was born at Lara, Richmond County, Vir- 
ginia, on March 23, 1851, son of George Crowther and Margaret 
Ann (Brown) Hinton. George C. Hintoii was a contractor and 
house builder. 

Captain Hiutou was educated in the private country schools, 
and developed that taste for the sea which is almost inborn in the 
youth of that section. In his young manhood he became a sailor 
in the coasting trade, principally up and down Chesapeake Bay, 
which career he followed for twenty years, and in which he 
gained a substantial measure of success. Retiring from the sea, 
he engaged in mercantile pursuits, in farming, in the lumber 
business, and in banking, and has met with an unusual degree 
of success. He is now recognized over a large section as an able 
financier. In addition to his personal and private interests, he 
is, at the present time, President of, and a Director in, the Peo- 
ples Bank of Reedville. 

Of kindly disposition and liberal views, it was an easy matter 
for him to become interested in the fraternal institutions which 
have been such a marked feature of our day, and he is affiliated 
with a number of these, including the Masonic Lodge of Heaths- 
ville (of which he is Treasurer), the Knights of Pythias and Odd 
Fellows at Reedville, the Junior Order of L'nited Americans at 
Fairport; and is a member of the Fairfield Baptist Church. 

Captain Hinton was married at Fairrnount, Maryland, on 
February 12, 1879, to Anna Augusta Crosswell, born at Marion, 
Maryland, on October 4, 1857, daughter of Henry Smith and 
Nancy Stephens (Chelton) Croswell. Captain and Mrs. Hinton 
have reared a splendid family of children, and if the parents had 
never done anything else, this alone would have made their lives a 
success. These children deserve special mention : 

Mabel Cheltou Hinton, who follows by choice the occupation 
of teaching, is a graduate of the Maryland State Normal School 
of Baltimore. 

Anna Laura Hinton married John Franklin Shackelford, and 
they have two children : John Hiuton Shackelford and William 
Cook Shackelford. 



186 JOHN BRAXTON HINTOX 

Beulah Margaret Hinton, a graduate of the Maryland State 
Normal School of Baltimore, is (like her elder sister) engaged in 
teaching. 

Lottie Maynard Hintou, a graduate of the Western High 
School of Baltimore, married Marion Lawrence White, and they 
have one son, Marion Lawrence White, Jr. 

John Roland Hinton, who was for three years a student at 
William and Mary College, is a merchant by occupation. He 
married Miss Elizabeth Cockrel Keed, of Reedville, Virginia. 

George Henry Hinton, who also studied at William and Mary 
College, is a graduate of the Department of Pharmacy of the 
University of Maryland and is by occupation a pharmacist. He 
is at this time unmarried. 

Richard Howard Hinton attended the Cluster Springs Acad- 
emy, at Cluster Springs, Va., and is now engaged in the lumber 
business. 

James William Hinton, the youngest of the family, after 
passing through the Cluster Springs Academy, entered the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, in which he is now a student. 

Captain Hinton's life has been spent in the section where 
he was born. He has been a man of constructive character, a 
developer and a citizen of high type. In every relation of life, 
he has stood always for an undeviating integrity in business, and 
for the highest standard in the social relations of life. He has 
illustrated in his own person the virtues of a stock which has been 
contributing good citizens to the British Empire and the Ameri- 
can Republic for centuries; and through his fine family of four 
daughters and four sons is passing on to the next generation a 
contribution to the citizenship of his State and country in which 
any man might take just pride. 

The Coat of Arms of the Berkshire and Shropshire Hintons, 
which was the parent stock from which nearly all the families of 
this name are descended, is described as follows : 

"Per fesse indented sable and argent six fleurs-de-lis counter- 
changed. 

"Crest: An eagle's leg erased and circled by a serpent 
proper." 



i HE 



PUBLIC 



1 



WILLIAM EDWARD JEFFREYS 

A an example of what energy, integrity, honesty and up- 
rightness, coupled with high aims and purposes, may 
accomplish, the career of William Edward Jeffreys 
stands out in bold relief and holds a conspicuous place 
among the successful business men of North Carolina. Prominent 
in commercial, political, religious and social affairs, and a leader 
in the development of the great tobacco interests of his native 
State, he is a prime factor in the growth and prosperity of Nash 
County, and one of the most influential promoters of the indus- 
trial and commercial welfare of Rocky Mount. 

*/ 

Mr. Jeffreys was born September 22, 1859, in Granville 
County, North Carolina, a son of William B. and May Elizabeth 
(Bragg) Jeffreys. Early in life he assumed active business duties, 
and at the age of twenty-nine years removed to Henderson, and 
associated himself with tobacco interests. Four years later he 
removed his business to Rocky Mount where he established the 
Jeffreys Tobacco Warehouse. Mr. Jeffreys enjoys a wide repu- 
tation in his trade and is an expert judge of the quality of the 
plant. Thoroughly progressive, he is actively interested in many 
business enterprises, notably the Jeffreys-Ricks Clay Works, pro- 
ducing an especially fine grade of brick, for building and paving 
purposes, which finds a ready market in North Carolina and 
adjoining States. 

The son of a Southern planter, Mr. Jeffreys has availed him- 
self of the opportunity to develop his inherent ability in the field 
of agriculture, specializing as a dairyman. His herd of milch 
cows are of the purest and most aristocratic of the bovine breeds. 
His dairy products secured under sanitary conditions with 
modern equipment, have an established reputation for purity and 
excellence. 

Mr. Jeffreys' estate is known as "Thorpe Place" and occupies 
a valuable tract of about a thousand acres. In its cultivation and 
improvement he finds both pleasure and profit. 

In religious circles Mr. Jeffreys is a member of the Board of 
Stewards of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and takes 
an active interest in the welfare of this Society. His fraternal 
affiliations include the Masons, Odd Fellows, Pythias and Elks. 

Politically a Democrat, he has rendered efficient service to 

*> / 

his fellow-citizens of Nash County as chairman of the Board of 
County Commissioners for a period of sixteen years, and while 
declining further honors of public office, he remains a leader in all 

[189] 



190 WILLIAM EDWARD JEFFREYS 

matters pertaining to the advancement of his County and State, 
and his influence is far-reaching. 

In 1892 Mr. Jeffreys married Miss Dena Lyon, daughter of 
Richard Alexander and Ziba (Waller) Lyon, of Lyons, North 
Carolina, and the congenial relations of this couple are well-nigh 
ideal. They have five children : Flossie Lyon, William Edward, 
Richard Thomas, Helene Elizabeth and Mary Frances. The two 
eldest are graduates of Rocky Mount High School and Trinity 
College, and the three younger are attending local schools pre- 
paratory for college. 

The name of Jeffreys has long been familiar to North Caro- 
linians and Virginians, the direct ancestral line dating back to 
the early Colonial period when the family settled in North Hamp- 
ton County, North Carolina, on a grant of land conveyed to them 
by the English crown. The immediate ancestors of Mr. Jeffreys 
subsequently removed to Nash and Franklin Counties after the 
close of the Revolution. 

County Worcester, England, according to the records, 
appears to have been the original seat of the family in Great 
Britain, where the Jeffreys Coat of Arms was confirmed by the 
Heralds' Visitation in the sixteenth century. The arms are thus 
described : 

"Ermine, a lion rampant, sable, a canton of the last. 

"Crest: a demi lion or, jessant a laurel wreath proper." 

On the maternal side Mr. Jeffreys inherits many of the char- 
acteristics which brought distinction to various members of the 
Bragg family. The career of Hon. Thomas Bragg, who was 
elected Governor of North Carolina in 1854, and in 1859 was 
chosen a member of the United States Senate, is familiar to 
students of history. Likewise the miltary record of General 
Braxton Bragg, who graduated from West Point in 1837. A 
brave officer in the Civil War, a series of reverses befell his com- 
mand, and he then became military adviser to President Davis. 

The career of William Edward Jeffreys, so useful to his 
County and State, has been of his own making, and he is entitled 
to the credit which attaches to all conscientious and faithful 
efforts. 



I THE NEW YORK I 
PUBLIC LII !A! 



ASTOr 



WILLIAM HENRY JEFFREYS, JR. 

THE well-deserved honor bestowed by the people of Chase 
City, Virginia, upon their fellow-townsman, William 
Henry Jeffreys, Jr., who is now seizing his tenth year as 
Mayor of this municipality, clearly indicates that the 
public heartily approves of his policies, principles and keen fore- 
sight in matters relating to municipal government. 

Mr. Jeffreys is a native of Granville County, North Carolina, 
and was born December 17, 1871, a son of Robert M. and Lelia 
Louise Burnett Jeffrevs. He is the eldest of a family of eight sons 

t/ *J 

and one daughter, all of whom are living (1916). His education 
was obtained in public and private schools and at the South Side 
Male Academy in Chase City. He acquired his early business 
training through close association with his father, and he regards 
the instruction and paternal advice he then received as his most 
valuable asset in life. He was profoundly impressed by his 
father's keen sense of justice and strict integrity in all business 
dealings. 

At the age of twenty-one, Mr. Jeffreys was given the use of a 
tract of four acres of land on his father's farm with the privilege 
of retaining all the proceeds from his work. The first year he 
raised a crop of tobacco which netted him $ 625.00. The next year 
his earnings were increased to $1,100. A part of this money he 
paid on about half the purchase price of a farm of ninety-eight 
acres. He continued farming, besides being associated with his 
father and brothers in a store. He also formed a partnership with 
his father in a lumber and sawmill business. Later, his father 
having purchased property in the town of Chase City, removed 
his residence to that place. There he and his sons opened a 
tobacco warehouse and engaged in handling leaf tobacco and in 
its manufacture. They next purchased a large tract of land adja- 
cent to Chase City and organized the real estate firm of Jeffreys, 
Hester and Co., Inc., of which William H. Jeffreys, Jr., was secre- 
tary and treasurer. Through liberal advertising they were able 
to attract the attention of people in various States to the great 
advantages offered the homeseekers in purchasing property in 
this section. The business has prospered and developed beyond 
their expectations, their sales covering the Counties of Mecklen- 
burg, Lunenburg and Charlotte, aggregating over $2,000,000. It 
is noteworthy that hundreds of good farmers from almost every 
State in the Union have settled here through the efforts of 
Jeffreys, Hester and Co., Inc., and thousands of acres of land uu- 

[193] 



194 WILLIAM HENRY JEFFREYS, JR. 

cultivated a few years ago are now in a high state of profitable 
production. The improvements include the clearing of land, 
building of good roads, new homes, schools and churches, and 
evidences of prosperity in all directions radiating from Chase 
City. 

Another of the Jeffreys' enterprises which has achieved an 
unusual degree of success is the Jeffreys, Spaulding Mfg. Co., 
Inc., of which W. H. Jeffreys is a director. About ninety per 
cent of the stock of this concern is owned by the Jeffreys family. 
The product is box shooks manufactured from native pine lumber, 
and about thirty thousand feet of rough lumber is worked into 
the boxes daily. 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. Jeffreys has taken an active 
interest in public affairs since early manhood. He firmly believes 
in a determined stand on one or the other sides of the political 
fence, and has no patience with the man who attempts to straddle 
both sides of public questions. When he took up his residence in 
Chase City he was elected a member of the Town Council, and 
re-elected, serving four years altogether on that board. In 1904 he 
was elected Mayor, an office without salary, and in which he has 
since served continuously. The transformation wrought in Chase 
City during that period has been remarkable. In 1904 the popu- 
lation of the town was about 600. The streets were unimproved 
and poorly lighted, there was no town hall, and the public school 
was housed in an ordinary frame building. To-day Chase City 
presents an attractive appearance with its improved streets, 
granolithic and brick sidewalks, large city hall, a magnificent 
high school building, excellent water and sewer facilities and an 
adequate electric light system. The population has increased to 
2,500. But these improvements have not been effected without a 
struggle. For instance, when a site for a new school building was 
to be selected, many influential citizens favored a lot about 
half a mile out of town. This was opposed by Mayor Jeffreys. 
He argued that the building should be erected near the center 
of the town convenient to all pupils and where it would also be a 
civic ornament. The fight waxed warm, and when the school 
board met to decide upon a location, the out-of-town lot was 
offered. The Mayor recommended several sites in town which 
were declined for lack of playground space. Decision in the 
matter was postponed a week with the understanding that the 
Mayor must offer a lot of the required size and not to exceed 
in price the out-of-town proposition. The Mayor was not discour- 
aged, however, and obtained options on a vacant lot and an ad- 
joining lot with a residence thereon. The improvements could 
be sold, so as to reduce the cost considerably, and the council 
agreed to appropriate $500.00 to apply on the payment of the 
lot. The Mayor's selection was approved and the site is now 



WILLIAM HEXRY JEFFREYS, JR. 195 

adorned with a handsome school building, with which the citizens 
are well satisfied. 

Mr. Jeffreys has long been an advocate of good roads and in 
1906 together with a few other citizens he had a bill drawn pro- 
viding for a bond issue for Chase City district to raise funds for 
permanent road improvement. The bill eventually passed the 
Legislature with provisions for an election to decide upon the 
bond issue. Many good people argued that a bond issue would 
bankrupt the district, and it required a hard fight to carry the 
election. The bonds were sold, work was begun on the roads, 
and it is now hard to find a man who is opposed to being taxed 
for highway improvement, it having proved to be a profitable 
investment, particularly for the farmers. 

In the summer of 1915 Mr. Jeffreys became a candidate for 
the State Senate from the twenty-fifth senatorial district, com- 
posed of Mecklenburg and Brunswick Counties. His opponent 
was Mr. J. D. Elarn, of Brunswick. No criticism could be leveled 
at either candidate on the score of personal character. Such is 
Mr. Jeffreys' popularity that he was elected by a majority of 
one thousand votes, Mr. Elam leading Mr. Jeffreys in Brunswick 
by forty-eight votes, while Mr. Jeffreys' majority in Mecklenburg 
was over one thousand. Considering that the total vote of the 
two Counties amounted to 2,568, this is a remarkable showing 
and illustrates the fact that Mr. Jeffreys' strenuous life, in which 
he has often had to oppose many of his neighbors in public affairs, 
has resulted in the building up for him a personal popularity 
based upon the constructive character of his work. 

Mr. Jeffreys is Worshipful Master of Chase City Lodge No. 
119 A. F. and A. M. He is a member of the Odd Fellows, the Jr. 
O. A. M., and of the Methodist Church where he has taught a 
class of boys in Sunday-school for nearly fourteen years. 

He married December 10, 1894, Miss Juliet Virginia Goode, 
born at Wheatland, Virginia, January 28, 1877, daughter of Hon. 
Edward Branch Goode and his wife Lucy Tarry Watkins. Their 
children are: Miss Mamie Goode, a graduate of Virginia Inter- 
mont College at Bristol ; Robert Massie, Edward Goode, William 
Henry, and Juliet Virginia. 

Mr. Jeffreys, while busily occupied with public and business 
affairs, still finds time for considerable literary research. He 
finds the Bible, Shakespeare, history and Scott's works the most 
helpful and from them he has acquired a breadth of view and 
liberality of thought to a marked degree. 

In our Colonial records the surname Jeffreys is frequently 
met with in the archives of North Carolina and Virginia. Ac- 
cording to the English records, County Worcester, England, ap- 
pears to have been the original seat of the family in Great Britain. 
It was in this County that the Heralds confirmed the grant of 



196 WILLIAM HENRY JEFFREYS, JR. 

Coat of Arms to the Jeffreys family early in the sixteenth century, 
which is thus described: 

Ermine, a lion rampant sable, a canton of the last. 

Crest: a demi-lion or, jessant a laurel leaf proper. 



PUBL T C TP^ ' T' 

, *TO R , L, eX I 

T1LDF-N F3UNDA'ICNS 



OLIVER DAVIS REVELL 

THE family name of Revell, which is also found under the 
forms of Revill, Revil, Revel and Revelle, is of French 
origin, the starting point of the name having been in 
Dauphine something like a thousand years ago. Follow- 
ing the Norman Conquest of England, a branch of the family 
emigrated to England and appears under the form of Revel in 
one of the old rolls of King John's time. From this family there 
were several English families who to this day use different spell- 
ings. 

The first of the name in America was James Revell, a young 
man who came to Virginia in 1635, then twenty years of age. 
Later another came to the eastern States. These two evidently 
came from England and belonged to the English line. Follow- 
ing the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, two of the 
Revell families left France, one settling in Ireland and one set- 
tling in South Carolina. Neither one of these seem to have 
multiplied much in number, and nearly one hundred years after 
this move the South Carolina family only consisted of two heads 
of families, Paul and Durham Revell, who were settled in Prince 
George's Parish of Georgetown District in 1790. Evidently, how r - 
ever, some of these South Carolina Revells had crossed over the 
border, for there were two or three families settled in Robeson 
County, North Carolina. In the meantime, the descendants of 
James Revell, who had come to Virginia in 1635, had disappeared 
from that State, but there were several families of the name set- 
tled in Northampton County, North Carolina, who w r ere clearly 
descended from this emigrant to Virginia. 

From either Paul or Durham Revell is descended Oliver 
Davis Revell, of Asheville, one of the most successful business 
men of this generation in his home State, who was born near 
Camden, South Carolina, on August 6, 1863, son of Oliver and 
Winnie (Davis) Revell. Mr. Revell's maternal grandfather was a 
native of Georgia, and his maternal grandmother was a Justice, 
an ancient English name. Mr. Revell's father died when he was an 
infant, and when but two or three years of age his mother moved 
to Asheville because of the residence in that place of her brother, 
T. K. Davis. When he was sixteen years old she passed away, 
and the lad had to face life on his own account. He had received 
a certain amount of educational training in the public schools, 
and some commercial knowledge by attending night classes at a 
business college. In the meantime he had worked at the carpen- 

[199] 



200 OLIVER DAVIS REVELL 

ter's trade, and though but a boy had a sufficient mastery of it 
to command a man's wages as a carpenter. He worked steadily 
at the trade for two and one-half rears, saved his rnonev, invested 

ts / Us 

in a lot upon which he built a cottage which he rented for f 10.00 
per month, and at the age of nineteen he had gained confidence 
enough to begin contracting as a builder for other people. Even 
at that early period of his business career his remarkable aptitude 
for business made itself plain, the profits of his first year as an 
independent contractor running over $6,000. The second year of 
his work as a contractor was perhaps the only year of his 
career that showed a backset, for his profits in that year were 
not so large as in the first, only amounting to |3,500. He was 
then only about twenty-one, but he had accumulated a capital 
of about |10,000. Bear in mind that this was thirty years ago 
before present systems had developed in the building business, 
and one can then begin to understand the remarkable foresight 
of this man, who with his capital of $10,000 began to build 
small houses, selling them on long time and easy payments to 
people of small means. There is profit in that sort of business 
even now, but the profits in those days were better, and the 
young contractor's capital increased rapidly and steadily. 

A total abstainer from liquor and tobacco, and with a strong 
physique, he was able to stand the hard and laborious work 
incident to his business from four o'clock in the morning even 
until midnight. At the age of thirty he had prospered so greatly 
as to have acquired a modest fortune. He was one of the few 
men who foresaw the panic of 1893. He realized that the great 
speculative movement, which people called a "boom," and which 
had then for several years been sweeping over the country, had 
about run its course, and that pay-day was near at hand. An- 
ticipating this he turned every possible dollar of his resources 
into cash, and when the calamity did come he was richly repaid 
for his good judgment, because values simply went to pieces, and 
he was able to acquire valuable properties at one-third of their 
valuation before the panic. 

Mr. Revell is one of those men who fully understands that 
whatever may be the stress under which the country labors in 
times of panic, there is always a bed-rock value to the land, and 
in every period of hard times he has been able to profit by that. 
He neither loses his head in "boom" times, nor grows discouraged 
in times of distress. When the panic of 1893 began to abate, 
Mr. Revell found himself much richer than he was at the begin- 
ning of that period, which caused the country such untold losses. 
He has large interests in banks and is a director in several bank- 
ing and other corporations. Mrs. J. B. Gray, now Mrs. Revell, 
came, about this time, from New York State with her husband, 
who was in ill health, for the benefit of the climate of Asheville. 



OLIVER DAVIS REVELL 201 

Mr. Gray did not improve but died, leaving his widow a consider- 
able estate. Some year and one-half after his death, on Decem- 
ber 23, 1897, Mr. Kevell and Mrs. Gray married. Her fortune 
added to his own gave him a very large capital, and he began to 
reach out into other sections. He had been attracted by the 
opportunities offered in the old Indian territory, which is now the 
eastern half of the State of Oklahoma, and being a man absolutely 
without fear, proved the courage of his convictions by making 
large investments in real estate in that section. 

An industrial edition of the Muskogee Daily Phoenix, printed 
in 1911, gave a full page to Mr. Kevell and his work in that sec- 
tion. It is a very fine testimony to the business courage which 
has characterized this Carolinian's life. The Equity Building, 
the Carolina Building, the Metropolitan Building, and the New 
Jersey Building, high class business structures, two of them being 
very large office buildings, are all in a town of about thirty- five 
thousand population. In addition to his building operations in 
this locality, Mr. Kevell is a large owner of farm and oil lands 
and has caused several oil wells to be drilled. To carry through 
these sorts of enterprises involves courage, capital and good judg- 
ment, and the man who lacks any one of the three is liable to come 
to grief. The Muskogee people, themselves full of enterprise, 
realized this and gave due credit to this North Carolinian and 
his work. 

He did not stop with Muskogee, and in other towns and 
cities in that section, as well as in other sections of the country, 
to say nothing of his home town of Asheville, where he is one of 
the largest property owners, he has made huge investments in 
land and then proceeded to improve the land. He does not belong 
to that type of speculators who buy the well selected lands and 
wait for somebody else to make the improvements that will 
enhance the value of their properties. 

It is questionable if Mr. Revell would care to again go 
through what he endured in those early days in the Indian Terri- 
tory for even twice the large profits which he made. He frankly 
acknowledges that it was about as Godless a country as one could 
conceive, and that the hardships were very great. However, the 
sufferings of the early days, when the country was so crude and 
undeveloped and cursed with outlaws and fugitives from justice, 
have been rewarded bv the influx of Godlv and law-abidine citi- 

. / o 

zens. The building of churches and schools has helped matters 
greatly. These institutions rank with those of any city three 
times the extent and possessing a far larger population than 
Muskogee which is now called the "City of the South West." The 
law and order now maintained there is creditable in the extreme. 
Mr. Revell's sound judgment had dictated the policy, and he 
carried it through in that resolute way which has characterized 



202 OLIVER DAVIS REVELL 

all of his operations. Aside from city property in which he has 
invested so largely in various places, he is also a large owner of 
Oklahoma farm lands, of residence and prospective store prop- 
erty and also of oil lands on which several wells have been drilled. 

Mr. Eevell is not to be considered a speculator. He is a 
true developer. He does not wait for someone else to make value 
to his holdings, but proceeds to improve his own and thereby to 
make value for the others holdings as well as his own. With all 
his courage he has never relied entirely upon himself. He has 
abiding faith in an Over-ruling Providence, and has never been 
ashamed of his religious faith, nor of asking help of God in his 
affairs. A man of kindly heart and a good judge of character, 
he has made a practice of utilizing young men, training them 
and giving them a start in life. Sometimes he had done this on 
his judgment after other men had become convinced that these 
men were not capable. He has not often been disappointed in 
his judgment in this matter, and has the profound satisfaction of 
knowing that there are many young men whose success in life 
is largely due to his advice and help. He believes strongly that 
young men of Christian training and religious tendencies are 
to be preferred, and that these will develop into more useful 
citizens than those of godless dispositions. He has made it a 
point in his selection of clerks and managers to secure God-fear- 
ing men, and his experience has shown that it is from such men 
that one obtains the best results. 

He has, through life, consistently been opposed to the liquor 
traffic, and strongly advocates a constitutional amendment which 
will make prohibition of that traffic nation wide. In a less 
degree, he is opposed to the use of tobacco, which, if not as harm- 
ful as liquor, certainly is of no advantage. 

For many years he has served as a deacon and trustee of the 
French Broad Baptist Church in Asheville, and has always been 
ready to help, to the extent of his opportunity, every good cause. 
His business has made him an extensive traveler in his own 
country, in addition to which he has traveled to some extent for 
pleasure. He has made several trips to Europe as a matter of 
recreation and information, and he shows the broadening effects 
which all men get who mix much with their fellow men over a 
wide area. 

He holds membership in the Elks Lodge of Asheville, the 
Muskogee Town and Country Club, Ozark Club, Motor Club, 
Phoenix Lodge, and Knights of Pythias, Oklahoma. 

Referring back to the Eevells, there are some rather inter- 
esting facts in the old records bearing on the family that shows 
it to be of great antiquity. In addition to James who came to 
Virginia in 1635, John came over in 1652 in company with Kobert 
Elam, and was the patentee of a tract of land in Henrico County. 



OLIVER DAVIS REVELL 203 

The fact lias already been mentioned that the name disappeared 
from Virginia before the family was comparatively numerous in 
Northampton County, North Carolina, down on the Virginia bor- 
der, and these were evidently the descendants of James and John. 

In France the family appears to have been settled in the 
Province of Dauphine at a very early date, and was classed among 
the nobility. In the year 1080 the name of Hugh de Revell is 
recorded as having been Grand Master of L'Ordre of St. John, 
one of the numerous organizations of that day of a semi-religious 
character. The name appears on the roll of Battle Abbey, Eng- 
land, in "Thierry's Norman Conquest," and from this follower of 
the Normans William was descended, the Revell previously men- 
tioned as living in the time of King John, being also descended 
from Sir William Revell, of County Warwick, England. They 
claimed descent from the French family of Dauphine. 

In Dugdale's "Ancient Warwickshire," we are told that this 
"William had sons, John and Robert, w^hereof John was Lord 
of this place in the ninth year of Edward II. He was an active 
man, of great trust in his time, and was in commission for the 
living and receiving scrutage for the King's army. He also 
served as one of the Knights for the County in the Parliament 
held at Westminster. John was succeeded by William, who was 
of the retinue of Thomas, Bishop of Durham." 

In addition to Oliver Davis Revell in our own country Alex- 
ander H. Revell, of Chicago, has been one of the greatest figures 
of the business life of that city in our ow T n generation. He is 
descended from the Irish Huguenot branch of the family. Flem- 
ing H. Revell, of New York, has been equally prominent. Oliver 
Davis Revell is what we call in this country a self-made man, 
which, incidentally it may be said, is not a correct statement, 
though the idea conveyed to our mind by the phrase is a definite 
one. There is, however, no such thing as a self-made man. Our 
so-called self-made men are the men who have been able to grasp 
opportunity when it came their way, the men of sound judgment, 
of good courage, of industry and of foresight. Most of these 
qualities are born in men, and when we say "self-made" we simply 
mean that the man in question has developed his talents to the 
limit of his strength. 

This has been true of O. D. Revell. He started life with a 
capital better than money. He marked out a course which he 
has followed strongly and definitely. His business life has been 
based on integrity, courage and confidence. Naturally, he has 
won, and he is entitled to a full measure of credit for the success 
attained. 




RICHARD HENRY LEE CHICHESTER 

IRGIXIA offers a peculiarly fruitful field to the genealo- 
gist, arid of the numerous families in that State which 
have a complete or partial record of their ancestral lines, 
there is perhaps not one which could show more features 
of interest than the ancient English family to which belongs 
Judge Richard Henry Lee Chichester, of Falmouth, at present 
Judge of the Fifteenth Judicial Circuit of Virginia. 

To the student of history, genealogy possesses special inter- 
est, because it explains to the thoughtful-minded man things 
which would be otherwise unexplainable. For example, it 
explains the supremacy of Virginians in the public life of our 
country during its entire Colonial period and the first seventy- 
five years of its life as an independent Republic. It explains the 
wide influence of these Virginians in things other than political 
for these men were, and are, the descendants of men who have 
been making English history since the Xorinan Conquest. The 
original Colonists brought with them to this country the same 
qualities which have made the English the great colonizing and 
governing people of the world, and these qualities have been 
handed down undiniiuished to their descendants. It may be said, 
indeed, that the new problems presented by the pioneer life of 
the Colonial period added, if not to the inherent ability of these 
men, a larger measure of adaptability to circumstances than was 
possessed by their English forbears. 

Judge Chichester is a worthy scion of one of the most ancient 
of these families. He was born in Fairfax County, son of Judge 
Daniel McCarty and Agnes Robinson (Moncure) Chichester. 
His father was a lawyer by profession, a Confederate soldier by 
his own choice, and a Judge on the Bench by the choice of the 
people. His maternal grandfather, Judge R. C. L. Moncure, was 
one of the most distinguished Judges in Virginia history, having 
been for more than forty years a Judge of the Virginia Supreme 
Court of Appeals, and for much of that time President of the 
Court. 

Judge Chichester had liberal educational advantages in his 
youth first, in the public and private schools of Fairfax County ; 
then in St. John's Academy at Alexandria, Virginia, from which 
he was graduated ; and lastly, in the Academic and Law Depart- 
ments of the University of Virginia. He began his active career 
as a lawyer in connection with his father in Fairfax County, but 

. V f 

after one year, he moved to Stafford Count}' and opened a law 

f 204 ] 



'if. 

. 















-M* I 






RICHARD HENRY LEE CHICHESTER 207 

office in Fredericksburg. Judge Chichester's growth as a lawyer 
was steady and co ^tinuous. Successful in his private practice, 
he was elected C , ^imonwealth Attorney for Stafford County in 
1895. In 1898 le was promoted to the Bench, being elected 
County Judge of King George and Stafford Counties. He served 
until 1901, when a laAv was passed abolishing County Courts. He 
then resumed active practice, in which he was engaged until 1910, 
when he was elected to his present position as Judge of the Fif- 
teenth Circuit. 

He has not allowed himself to become narrowed by his pro- 
fession, as so many men do who concentrate too closely on a 
profession or business, but has retained a lively interest and 
activity in those things which, from his standpoint, are conducive 
to the public good. Thus, he is a member of the Board of Trustees 
of the Fredericksburg State Normal School, and Treasurer of that 
Board. From 1900 to 1910, notwithstanding the demands of his 
profession, he found time to edit the Fredericksburg "Free Lance 
and Daily Star/ 7 which is an ordinary man's work in itself. Elected 
to the Circuit Bench, he felt that it was hardly proper for a 
Judge to be editing a newspaper in his judicial circuit, so retired 
from the editorial chair, though he still retains the Presidency 
of the publishing company which operates the newspaper. He is 
an active vestryman of the famous old St. George's Episcopal 
Church of Fredericksburg and a member of the Westmoreland 
Club of Richmond, Virginia. Recognized as an able lawyer and 
an upright Judge, he adds to that the character of a public- 
spirited citizen of the highest type. 

Judge Chichester was married in Stafford County on June 
11, 1895, to Virginia Belle Wallace, who was born in Stafford 
County on May 23, 1871, daughter of Samuel Gordon and Mary 
(Hansford) Wallace. They have three children: Daniel McCarty 
Chichester, Mary Wallace Chichester and Richard Henry Lee 
Chichester, Jr. 

Judge Chichester comes from an ancient English family, 
which has been settled at Widworthy, County Devon, since the 
latter half of the fourteenth century. He is in possession of a 
chart of the direct line, which shows him to be the sixteenth in 
descent from John Chichester, who married Thomasia, daughter 
of John de Raleigh, of Raleigh, in the Parish of Pilton, County 
Devon. This chart, brought down from father to son, through 
the intervening generations, is remarkable for two things the 
first being a very strong attachment to the given names of John 
and Richard, which are repeated with almost monotonous regu- 
larity ; and the second for the number of great families with which 
this family became connected by marriage. For example, one 
comes upon the names of Watton, Dymoke (hereditary Cham- 
pions of England), Beaumont, Bourcher (Earls of Bath), Daub- 



208 RICHARD HENRY LEE CHICHESTER 

eney, Duke, Court and Symes all these in England. In 1702, 
Col. Richard Chichester, born in 1657, came to Virginia with his 
son John, born in 1681, and founded the Virginia family. This 
Col. Richard Chichester was a very important man in his section 
of Virginia, and casual references to him in various Virginia 
works, Bishop Meade's and others, show that he and his descend- 
ants were active both in the work of Church and State. The Vir- 
ginia marriages show even a more remarkable record than the 
English. We find in the list of names with whom the Chichesters 
intermarried the Peytons, Masons, McCartys, Pendletons, Camp- 
bells, Elliotts, Bowies, DuPonts, Beverleys, Corses, Moucures, 
Amblers and Wallaces. The list of these names covers some of 
the most distinguished families in Virginia history, embracing 
strains of English, Scotch-Irish and Huguenot blood. 

An English publication dealing with family history makes 
the statement that Sir Roger Chichester, who was knighted at 
Calais in France, and who died in 1370, was the father of John 
Chichester, who w^as the founder of the family located at Wid- 
worthy, County Devon. And yet another English publication 
states that this John Chichester was in the eighth generation 
from the first holder of the name, who was living in the time 
of William the Conqueror. Upon this last-named point there is 
possibly some doubt. "The Ancestor," an English work of most 
conservative character, which usually never made any statement 

/ tx / 

as a definite fact unless it had the proof, speaks decisively. In 
connection with the death of the Marques of Donegall, who was 
descended from Arthur Chichester, of the Devonshire family, who 
went to Ireland about 1600 and founded the great Irish family of 
the name which has been or is holder of some of the greatest titles 
in Ireland, it says : 

"How far back the Chichesters go is a problem which has 
never been quite definitely settled, but there was a John de Chi- 
chester in 1433, who was eighth in descent from William de Chi- 
chester, and whose son married the daughter of the first Earl of 
Bath ; and there was a Chichester in the first William's time who 
was doubtless a progenitor." 

We know for a certainty that the Widworthy family can 
trace back seventy-five years prior to the time spoken of by "The 
Ancestor;" and we also know that the Edward Chichester, who 
married the daughter of the first Earl of Bath, lived seventy years 
after the time spoken of there, instead of preceding it, as indi- 
cated by "The Ancestor." From which it may be seen that even 
the most careful publications do not always contain the exact 
truth. Of one thing we may be sure the family existed under 
the present name as early at 1155, for in that year Robert Chi- 
chester, Bishop of Exeter, died; and as Exeter is in Devonshire, 
it proves the existence of the family in that section prior to 1155. 



RICHARD HEXRY LEE CHICHESTER 209 

The Irish branch of the family referred to was founded by 
Arthur Chichester (1563-1625), a soldier by profession, who was 
sent to Ireland and succeeded so well in his work there that he 
rose to be Lord Deputy of Ireland, in which office he served for a 
number of years and was raised to the peerage as Lord Chichester 
of Belfast. To him, more than to any other one man, was due the 
settlement of Ulster by the Scotch-Irish. He died without a son, 
and was succeeded by his brother, Edward, who was created 
Viscount Chichester. Edward was succeeded by his son, Arthur, 
who became the first Earl of Donegall. Arthur, fourth Earl, was 
succeeded by his nephew, who became the first Marquis. In 
addition to this great title which is still in the family, there have 

V / 

been quite a number of Knights and Barons, some in the English 
and some in the Irish branch of the family. The family has con- 
tributed, for generations, capable men to the military and naval 
forces of Great Britain, but does not appear to have been active 
to any great extent in a political way. 

The original Coat of Arms, brought to Virginia by Kichard 
Chichester, is described as follows : 

Chequy or and gules, a chief vair. 

Crest: A heron with wings expanded holding in the beak a 
snake. 

Motto : Ferme En Foy. 

In the Colonial period, two branches of this family came to 
America. In this sketch we touch only upon the descendants of 
Kichard, who settled in Virginia in 1702. But, in 1708, Robert 
Chichester, of Devonshire, England, settled in Boston, Mass. ; and 
as he brought with him the same Coat of Arms brought by 
Richard, it is evident that these men were kinsmen in some 
degree. 

In all the history of the world, there is no other record like 
that of this English stock which, in the beginning of a composite 
character, became fused into what we know as English, and 
which for nearly a thousand years has shown no decay in its 
virility nor in its governing capacity. The Virginians of this 
generation, descended from that stock, show that they possess a 
full share of the virtues of their forbears. Among these Virgin- 
ians the subject of this sketch stands to the front, whether meas- 
ured by his personal capacity or his public usefulness. 



ROBERT WALTER DICKENSON 

IN England it is claimed for the Dickenson families that they 
have a double origin one line coming down from the Nor- 
man who followed William the Conqueror to England, who 
for his service was rewarded with the Manor of Kenson, and 
who became known as Walter de Kenson, which easily became 
transformed into Walter Dickenson. This man was descended, 
through a younger son, from Rollo, the Norman chief, who con- 
quered that part of France which became known as Normandy. 
The other origin is purely English. The old Christian name of 
Richard was familiarly known as Dick and Diccon in the earlier 

t/ 

centuries. When men began to take surnames, in the eleventh 
and twelfth centuries, the son of Diccon easily became Dicconson, 
and that ancient form is adhered to yet by a few families in Eng- 
land. There have been a half dozen spellings of the name, but 
practically all but three have been changed in America the 
majority using the form of Dickinson, the Virginia family chiefly 
adhering to the form of Dickenson; and a family in New Jersey 
using the form of Dickerson this New Jersey family, however, 
being descended from Walter Dickenson. 

There are two main lines in America one founded bv Na- 

*j 

thaniel in New England, known as Nathaniel of Hadley, 
who came over in 1630, and whose descendants nearlv all use 

i> 

the form of Dickinson. The other main line was founded by 
Walter, Henry and John Dickenson (brothers), sons of Charles 
Dickenson, a London merchant who married Rachel Carter, and 
who was a son of Simon Dickenson, who had married Catherine 
Dudley, who was a daughter of the fifth Lord Dudley. These 
three sons of Charles came to Virginia in 1654 and became the 
founders of three separate families. Walter married for his 
first wife Jane Yarrett, moved to Talbot County, Maryland, and 
became the founder of the Maryland and Delaware Dickinsons. 
The historian of this family claimed (in 1883) that Samuel T. 
Dickinson, of Talbot County, Maryland, was the legitimate head 
of the entire Dickinson race, being able to trace his ancestral line 
from the elder line of thirteen generations to the man who first 
bore the name. Henry, the second, son of Charles, married a Miss 
Jennings, settled in Virginia permanently, and became the patri- 
arch of the Virginia Dickenson s. His descendants are now found, 
not only in Virginia, but in other Southern States. This branch 
of the family has always clung to the ancestral "e" in its orthog- 
raphy. The third son of Charles, of London, was John, who 

[210] 



ARY 



ASTOPT, LFNOX 

<ON3 






ROBERT WALTER DICKEXSOX 213 

moved from Virginia, and through his son, William, became the 
ancestor of a large branch of the Pennsylvania Dickinsons. At a 
family gathering held in Amherst, Massachusetts, in 1883, a most 
amazing list of descendants of these various Dickinson families 
was shown, and it was also demonstrated that they had been 
conspicuously good citizens throughout their entire American 
history and had contributed a large number of first-class men to 
the public service. Of these Daniel S. Dickinson, a great lawyer, 
who was in the United States Senate in the middle part of the last 
century, should have had the Democratic nomination for Presi- 
dent when Franklin Pierce was nominated in 1852, but for a 
point of honor. Two have been Governors of New Jersey 
Mahlom and Philemon Dickerson. These were brothers and both 
descended from the Maryland family founded by Walter Dick- 
enson. The elder of these was Governor of New Jersey, United 
States Senator and Secretary of the Navy, later becoming United 
States Judge. The younger was Governor of New Jersey, and 
upon the death of his brother succeeded him as United States 
Judge. Jonathan Dickinson, of the Massachusetts line, was the 
founder of Nassau Hall, which we now know as Princeton Uni- 
versity. John Dickinson, of the Revolutionary period, belonged 
to the Maryland branch of the family identified with Delaware 
and Pennsylvania, was one of the foremost men of the Revolu- 
tionary period, Congressman and Governor, soldier, founder of 
Dickinson College at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, President of its 
Board of Trustees for the last tweutv-five years of his life; and 

t *> 

was the originator of the system by which every State in the 
Union secured equal representation in the United States Senate. 
A large number of other useful men, distinguished in their life- 
time for public service, could be mentioned did our space permit. 
One or two more cannot be left out. General Philemon Dickin- 
son, Revolutionary soldier, Continental Congressman, United 
States Senator, was a younger brother of Governor Dickinson. 
In our own day, Don M. Dickinson, a distinguished lawyer of 
Detroit. Michigan, was a Cabinet Minister under President Cleve- 
land. 

The Virginia Dickensons were represented by more than 
twenty-five soldiers in the Revolutionary War. Of these, Colonel 
John Dickenson commanded a regiment which had charge of the 
protection of the frontier from 1774 to 1778. Henry Dickenson, 
great-grandfather of Robert Walter, was an ensign in the Wash- 
ington County Company. He was Russell County's representa- 
tive in the first Constitutional Convention in 1788. Edmund 
Dickenson was a captain of the First Virginia Regiment and was 
later promoted to be a major. The others were apparently pri- 
vate soldiers. 



214 ROBERT WALTER DICKEXSOX 

In 1770, Henry Dickenson, who was a great-grandson of the 
original Henry, the immigrant, moved from Prince Edward 
County, Virginia, to what is now Russell County. He was later 
followed by his father, who also bore the given name of Henry. 
The younger Henry, with Charles Bickley, were the organizers of 
Kussell County, the county seat being located on the farm of 
Henry Dickenson, and known as Dickensonville. He was the 
first clerk of Russell County. His colleague, Charles Bickley, 
established the first post office in what is now Russell County, 
which was then known as Bickley's Mills, the first grist mill in 
the county being established at this point. He became the post- 
master, in which office he was succeeded by his son, John, and the 
two held the position for eighty years. 

The subject of this sketch, Robert Walter Dickenson, now a 
conspicuous citizen of southwest Virginia, with a State-wide 
reputation, was born at Castlewood (at which place he yet lives) 
on June 7, 1857, son of James H. and Nancy G. (Bickley) Dick- 
enson, and is a great-grandson of both the Henry Dickenson and 
the Charles Bickley who organized Russell County Charles 
Bickley having been his great-grandfather in the maternal line. 
These two, Henry Dickenson and Charles Bickley, the great- 
grandfathers of Mr. Dickenson, were pioneers indeed. They were 
the first white men who settled in Russell County, which was then 
the extreme frontier. They served in the Revolutionary War, 
and were a part of that little army of mounted men who rallied 
under the five colonels and inflicted the crushing defeat on the 
British at Kings Mountain. The son of Henry Dickenson, the 
pioneer, and the grandfather of our subject, was a farmer, served 
as sheriff of the County, and represented his district in the Vir- 
ginia Legislature twice. Mr. Dickenson's father, James H. Dick- 
enson, was a successful merchant and farmer. The prominence 
of this family, as one of the pioneer families of southwest Vir- 
ginia, led to the naming of one of the extreme western counties 
after the family when it was formed, some twenty-five years back. 
William T. Dickenson, an uncle, was at that time Russell 
County's representative in the Legislature and was patron of the 
bill cheating Dickenson County. 

Robert Walter Dickenson was educated in the common 
schools of Russell County, followed by a course at Emory and 
Henry College. Completing his studies, he engaged in the mer- 
cantile business with his father, and this has been his chief pur- 
suit through life. At the present time he is the owner of two 
mercantile establishments, one a wholesale business in St. Paul, 
and the other a retail business in Castlewood. Like all of his 
family he has tenaciously adhered to the land, and has not for- 
saken that for any other pursuit, however large his interest might 
be. On his splendid estate of two thousand acres, he is an exten- 



ROBERT WALTER DICKENSON 215 

sive farmer and grazier. His success has been unusually 
pronounced, considering that he was in a remote mountainous 
section of the State which has only had transportation facilities 
for a comparatively few years, but which in these few years has 
developed greatly and enjoys an unusual measure of prosperity. 

Mr. Dickenson is President of the St. Paul National Bank, 
Director of the Kussell Creek Coal Company and of the St. Paul 
Land Company. He has one unusual distinction. He belongs 
to no club, no society, no organization of any kind and no church. 
It might be said that he belongs to the Republican Party, as he is 
a leading member of that organization in Virginia. He has long 
been a leader in his Party. He served as a member of the State 
Senate in 1905, and prior to that, in 1901, had been the Republican 
nominee for Lieutenant-Governor. He was chosen a delegate to 
the National Republican Convention at St. Louis in 1896 which 
nominated William McKinley for President. He is at present a 
member of the Republican State Committee of the Ninth District 
of Virginia. In 1913, Mr. Dickenson, by appointment of the Pres- 
ident, was a member of the American Commission which toured 
Europe for the purpose of studying the system prevalent over 
there, and seeing to what extent ideas could be gathered for 
the benefit of our own country. While on this tour he met and 
was entertained in London by Hon. H. W. Dickenson, a member 
of the English Parliament. In the city of Dublin he met Judge 
Dickenson of the King's Bench of Ireland. 

On January 29, 1884, Mr. Dickenson was married at Jones- 
boro, Tennessee, to Rosa D. Earnest, born in Cleveland, Tennes- 
see, on May 20, 1860, daughter of Felix W. and Eva (Burts) 
Earnest. Mr. and Mrs. Dickenson have a fine family of six daugh- 
ters; of these, Eva was married in 1909 to S. R. Jennings, Vice- 
President and General Manager of the Carter Coal Company. 
They reside at Johnson City, Tennessee, and have two daughters, 
Rosalie and Evelyn. Eugenia was married in 1908 to A. S. Hig- 
ginbothan, an attorney and large landowner of Tazewell, Vir- 
ginia, where they live. They have a daughter, Hortense, and a 
son, Albert Sidney, Jr. The other four daughters, Misses Anna, 
Kathleen, Felicia and Julia, are at home. Miss Anna is a grad- 
uate of Sullins College; Miss Kathleen, of Curry school at Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts ; Miss Felicia of Martha Washington College, 
and Miss Julia, who is a student in public school. He also has 
two foster sons, Felix Walter and Theodore, sons of his brother 
James M. Dickenson. 

The Dickenson family, whatever spelling the different 
branches of it may use, have everywhere had certain qualities in 
common. This is true, whether in Massachusetts, or Pennsyl- 
vania, or Maryland, or Virginia these qualities have been strong 
convictions, great tenacity of purpose, and keeping in close touch 



216 ROBERT WALTER DICKENSON 

with the land, in so far as a large majority of them have been 
concerned. 

Robert Walter Dickenson has a full share of these family 
qualities, and he has a very unusual measure of business ability, 
which is joined to another distinctive trait of his family, and that 
is a natural aptitude for politics, which has resulted, in his case, 
in his becoming a political as well as a business leader. He is a 
man of strong business integrity, clean personal character, and 
enjoys the confidence of the community in which his life has been 
spent. 

"Walrose," the home of Mr. and Mrs. Dickenson, is one of 
the most beautiful in Russell County. This appellation is a 
blending of their given names, Walter and Rose. 

The Dickenson Coat of Arms, as used by the three immigrant 
brothers, Walter, Henry and John Dickenson, is thus described: 

"Vert, a cross between four hinds' heads erased or. 

"Crest : a Stag's head erased or. 

"Motto : Essex Quaui videri." 

This Coat of Arms was granted to John Dickenson of Leeds 
in 1625. 



CPN 



220 HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 

Rapidan, Virginia, May 7, 1874, son of Henry Thompson and 
Fanny Walker (Porter) Holladay. 

Mr. Holladay's father was a merchant by occupation, carry- 
ing on a prosperous business, and was able to give his son good 
educational advantages. After being first taught at home by 
tutors, Henry Thompson Holladay, Jr., attended Locust Dale 
Academy in 1889 and 1890, and then entered Harnpden-Sidney 
College at Farmville, Virginia, in 1890. He was graduated from 
Hampden-Sidney in 1894 with the degrees of Bachelor of Arts 
and Bachelor of Science. Immediately after his graduation in 
July, 1894, he engaged in business with his father, but in the 
winter of 1898, feeling the need of technical business training, 
he went to Poughkeepsie, New York, and took a course in the 
Eastman Business College, from which he was graduated. He 
continued in partnership with his father in the milling business 
until 1908 when he took over its sole ownership, and has since 
conducted it alone. He has made a substantial success. It is 
not a calling conductive to the making of millionaires except in 
two or three notable instances in the Northwest, where the mills 
are conducted on a colossal scale, but by close attention and the 
application of sound business principles combined with personal 
integrity he has made it a good and profitable enterprise. His 
business qualifications have been appreciated by his neighbors, 
and he is now President of the State Bank of Rapidan. 

Mr. Holladay has never held public office, but takes rather 
more than usual interest in politics, is somewhat active as a 
Democrat, and was a member of the National Democratic Con- 
vention in Baltimore in the summer of 1912, which nominated 
Woodrow Wilson for the Presidency. In social circles he is a 
member of the Phi Kappi Psi College Fraternity and of the 
Tomahawk Hunt Club, Orange, Virginia. He is an active member 
of the Presbyterian Church, holding the office of elder in the Wad- 
dell Memorial Church of Rapidan. 

He was married at St. David's Church, Radnor, Pennsyl- 
vania, on October 23, 1907, to Helen White Warren, who was 
born March 13, 1883, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and who 
is a daughter of Henry Mather and Ida Carey (W T hite) Warren. 
The children of this marriage are : Henry Warren Holladay, born 
July 1, 1909; Douglas Stockton Holladay, born July 29, 1911; 
and Lewis Borden Holladay, born July 8, 1914. 

The old records show among the earlier mentions of the 
Holladay name in Virginia that Jonah Holliday received ninety- 
three acres in Norfolk County, April 28, 1711, for having trans- 
ported into the colony Robert Stewart and Hannah Holladay. 
Under date of 1724 Jonas Holladay received a grant of four 
hundred acres on the north side of the Pamunkey River. A few 
days later two additional grants of four hundred acres each, 



HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 221 

making twelve hundred acres altogether, which were granted him 
for bringing into the colony a given number of new settlers. 
Thomas Holliday, of James City County, received, on October 31, 
1716, one hundred and twenty acres for three persons. This 
Jonas was the one who served two terms as sheriff of Norfolk 
County. Lieutenant Joseph Holladay w^as in Capt. Oliver Towles' 
Company in 1776, and received for his Revolutionary services 
a grant for 3444 acres of land. Where this land was situated 
was not stated. 

John Holladay was First Lieutenant and Lewis Holladay 
Second Lieutenant, under Captain Thomas Minor in a Spottsyl- 
vania County Company during the Revolution. James was an 
Ensign in a company commanded by Stubblefield. One of the 
Holladays was evidently Captain of a Spottsylvania Company, 
but his given name is left blank. We know, therefore, that these 
Spottsylvania Holladays furnished five soldiers as officers : James, 
John, Lewis, Joseph and -, ranging from ensign to captain. 
In the War of 1812 we find John and William privates in the 
Forty-fifth Virginia Regiment. John and Thomas were privates 
in the Thirty-ninth Virginia Regiment, and James was a private 
in the Twenty-fifth Virginia Regiment, all of these being credited 
to Spottsylvania. In another place in the old records James W. 
Holladay is credited as having been an old soldier in the War 
of 1812, and James Holladay was a member of the Kentucky 
Legislature from Nicholas County in 1848. Among the earlier 
settlers in the other branch appears Anthony Holliday, who was 
a Justice of Isle of Wight County in 1714. When and where 
Capt. John Holladay, founder of the Spottsylvania family, was 
born does not appear. That he died in 1742 is proven by the 
fact that his will, bearing date of November 4, 1742, was pro- 
bated November 7, 1742. His wife's name was Elizabeth. His 
will mentioned Joseph and Benjamin Holladay, sons, and Thomas 
Pulliam, a son-in-law, as executors. A previous will had been 
written and signed on April 9, 1735. This will, which was written 
by William Waller, was not probated, but it gives names and 
facts which are of interest. He mentions his wife, children and 
the "plantation" on East Northeast creek in Southwest Spottsyl- 
vania County. This was the place on which he lived, died and 
was buried. His grandson, Lewis, spent his life on this place and 
was buried there, and his great-grandson, Waller, was reared on 
this place. 

The Virginia Assembly in May, 1780, passed an act ordering 
the court of Spottsylvania County to hold its sessions at the 
house of John Holladay until the new court house, then building, 
should be completed. This John was a grandson of John, the 
ranger. The probated will of Capt. John Holladay shows that he 
had sons, William, John, Daniel, Joseph and Benjamin, and 



222 HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 

daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Pattison Pulliarn ; Winifred, wife 
of Thomas Pulliam ; Sarah, wife of Jaines Rollings, Jr. ; and 
Susanna. Joseph Holladay, son of Captain John, lived at Elm- 
wood. He married Elizabeth Lewis, daughter of Harry Lewis. 
Major Lewis Holladay, son of Joseph and grandson of Captain 
John, was born August 22, 1751, and died at Bellefonte, October, 
1820. He married, on March 15, 1774, Elizabeth Lewis Littlepage, 
born October 9, 1732, widow of Col. James Littlepage. She was 
a daughter of Zachary and Mary Waller Lewis. 

Major Holladay served through the Revolution, being com- 
missioned lieutenant of the Spottsylvania militia by the Virginia 
Committee of Safety on October 5, 1775. In 1779 he was assessor 
for his district. In 1785 he was appointed captain by Governor 
Henry, reconimissioned by Governor Randolph in 1787, and com- 
missioned major by Governor Lee in 1793. He was a justice in 
his county in 1790, and sheriff in 1804. For many years he held 
the office of justice and also overseer of the poor. In addition to 
his public services he was a large planter, operating three farms 
comprising 1,795 acres. 

His children were Anne and Waller. Waller, son of Lewis, 
grandson of Joseph, and great-grandson of John, resided at "Pros- 
pect Hill," Spottsylvania County. Born on October 6, 1776, he 
died at "Prospect Hill" on August 27, 1860, living to the advanced 
age of eighty-four. He married, on September 23, 1802, his cousin, 
Huldah Fontaine Lewis, who was born at Belair, February 4, 
1781. She was a daughter of Col. Zachary and Anne Overton 
(Terrill) Lewis. She survived her husband three years, dying 
on October 25, 1863. 

Mr. Waller Holladay studied law, was admitted to the Bar 
on January 12, 1801, and practiced his profession until a large 
estate left him by General Littlepage demanded his full time, 
when he retired from practice. He was a man of scholarly tastes, 
and a poet of considerable merit. Though not personally attracted 
to public life he was very intimate with some of the foremost 
men of that day, and counted among his regular correspondents 
Thomas Jefferson, Edmund Randolph, John Randolph, of Roa- 
noke, James Madison and other statesmen of the time. Like most 
of the prominent Virginians of that day, he served as a magistrate 
and as overseer of the poor. He was a member of the Virginia 
Senate in 1829 and 1830, and a Democratic presidential elector 
in 1836 and 1840. He declined to be a candidate to the State 
Senate in 1839 because of illness. He permitted his name to be 
used as a candidate to the House of Delegates, and was beaten by 
Major Oscar M. Crutchfield, who jocosely said that he had beaten 
"the old wheel horse of Democracy in his county." He was a 
half-brother of General Littlepage, who made him his heir. 



HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 223 

Waller Holladay was an excellent man of business and no 
man of his generation stood higher in his community. His chil- 
dren were: Lewis Littlepage Holladay, born August 16, 1803, 
who married November 8, 1827, Jean Thompson. His second wife, 
whom he married in 1861, was Mary Elizabeth (Willis) Garnett. 
The second son, Albert Lewis Holladay, was born April 17, 1805, 
and married October 30, 1836, Anne Yancey Minor. He died 
October 18, 1856. The third son, John Zachary Holladay, born 
December 13, 1806, married on May 19, 1836, Julia Anne Minor. 
He died October 12, 1842. The fourth child was a daughter, 
Anne Elizabeth, born February 25, 1808, who married, on May 23, 
1833, Dr. W. Q. Poindexter, of Mississippi, a nephew of Governor 
Poindexter. She died in December, 1853. The next child, Waller 
Lewis Holladay, was born on October 22, 1809, married, June 14, 
1849, Emily Mansfield, and died December 11, 1873. The next 
child was Alexander Richmond Holladay, twin with Henry Addi- 
son Holladay. These two were born September 18, 1811. Alex- 
ander Kichmond married, on September 7, 1837, Patsy Q. Poin- 
dexter, and died January 29, 1877. His twin brother, Henry 
Addison, married, May 14, 1846, Mary F. (Jenkins) Calvert. 
The eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh children were daughters: 
Huldah Lewis, Eliza Lewis, Mary Waller and Frances Anne, none 
of whom ever married. The twelfth child, James Minor, was born 
May 9, 1823, and married June 22, 1861, Lucy D. Lewis. The 
thirteenth and youngest child was Virginia Watson, born August 
29, 1829, who died on the 2nd of May, 1888. 

Lewis Littlepage Holladay, the eldest son of Waller Holla- 
day, became a physician. As has been stated, he was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife, Jean Thompson, was a daughter of Henry J. 
and Rebecca (Welch) Thompson, of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. 
The second wife married in 1864, five years before his death, was 
Mary Elizabeth (Willis) Garnett. She was the widow of Dr. John 
O. Garnett, Dr. Holladay was a student at William and Mary Col- 
lege in 1822 and 1823. He studied medicine under Dr. Richmond 
Lewis, and graduated from the Medical Department in the Uni- 
versity of Maryland in 1825. He practiced medicine in Spottsyl- 
vania County for about twenty years, until 1844 when he moved 
to Orange County and settled near Clark's Mountain on Rapi- 
dan. He joined the Presbyterian Church at Fredericksburg in 
1828 and was a ruling elder of the church in Orange. No man 
of his day was more highly esteemed. He was greatly beloved 
and honored by his neighbors. He was a man of studious habit 
and was partial to scientific study. Like his father before him, 
Dr. Holladav had a large familv of children. 

*/ *_J C/ 

The eldest son of Dr. Holladay was Henry Thompson Holla- 
day, born on August 16, 1828, who married first on December 21, 
1853, Mary Jane Boggs, daughter of Lewis A. Boggs. She died on 



224 HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 

July 3, 1S61. He married secondly on May 3, 1865, Frances 
Walker Porter. Dr. Holladay's second child was Waller Lewis 
Holladay, a soldier in the Confederate Army. He was born on 
March 23. 1830, and was married twice. His first wife was Eliza- 
beth (Kelley) Taliaferro. and his second wife was Mary Isabelle 
Henderson. The third son of Dr. Holladay was Lewis Littlepage 
Holladay. LL.D. He was born February 23, 1833, and married 
Xannie Morton. He was graduated from the University of Vir- 
ginia in 1854, and became professor of physical science in Harup- 
den-Sidney, serving also as curator and clerk of the faculty. He 
was a man of great learning. The fourth child was John Addi- 
son, who died at the age of two years. The fifth child was a 
daughter, Huldah Lewis, born April 12, 1837, who married George 
Peyton. The sixth child was a daughter, Kebecca Anne, born 
in 1839, who married Garnett Willis, a Confederate soldier. The 
eighth and youngest child of Dr. Holladay was John Zachary 
Holladay, who married Mary Dupuy. 

It will be seen that Henry Thompson Holladay, Jr., is in the 
seventh generation from Capt. John Holladay, the founder of this 
branch of the family in Virginia, the line of descent being John, 
Joseph, Lewis, Waller, Lewis Littlepage, and Henry Thompson 
Holladay. It would hardly be proper to conclude this sketch, 
which is a matter of permanent record, without touching upon 
General Lewis Littlepage. The name is said to have been derived 
from the office of page, the cup-bearer to royalty, a position much 
sought after bv the members of the nobilitv for their small sons. 

,' */ 

General Lewis Littlepage. who was the son of James, who was 
a son of Richard (2) , who was a son of Richard^ 1 ), founder of the 
Virginia family, was born in Hanover County, Virginia, on De- 
cember 19, 1762, and died unmarried at Fredericksburg in July, 
1802. He was educated at William and Mary College, which he 
entered as a student in 1778. He left a great estate, making his 
half-brother, Waller Holladay, his principal heir, giving as his 
reason, "as the most deserving of my relations, and one of whose 
moral principles I have the best opinion." 

Lewis Littlepage had ambitions for a political career, and 
was slated as a youth of seventeen to go with the Honorable John 
Jay, who had been appointed Minister to Spain, as his protege. 
For some reason he failed to go with Mr. Jay but late in 1779 he 
sailed for Bordeaux, France. 

The next fifteen years covered a most adventurous career, 
and many relics of that career, some years back, were in the 
possession of A. Q. Holladay. He saw military service at Port 
Mahon, Gibraltar and other places. In his military service he 
won distinction. He drifted to Poland and became chamberlain 
to Stanislaus Augustus, the last king of Poland. Among the 
relics held by his relative were the patent of the king of Poland, 



HENRY THOMPSON HOLLADAY, JR. 225 

signed by the king in 1787 conferring upon him the office of 
Chamberlain, and a patent of knighthood in the order of St. 
Stanislaus dated 1790, a letter from the Prince De Nassau-Sighen 
to the Marshall de Ligne requesting a captaincy in the Royale 
Alleniande for Littlepage, which recited his distinguished mili- 
tary services aforementioned, the Due de Crillon's letter assign- 
ing Littlepage to his staff in 1781, Littlepage's gold-hilted rapier 
presented to him by the Queen of Spain, his gold key which was 
the badge of his office of Chamberlain, and lastly the portrait 
of King Stanislaus presented to General Littlepage by the King 
at Grodno, which town is, at the moment of the writing of this 
sketch, a scene of a terrific battle between the Germans and the 
Russians. 

The Coat of Arms brought to Virginia by Captain John 
Holladav is described as follows: 

f 

Arms : Sable, three helmets argent, garnished or, a border of 
the last. 

Crest: A demi-lion rampant, resting the paws on an anchor 
azure. 

Motto : Quarta Salute. 



HENRY CLAY LESTER 

THE Lester family has been represented in Virginia since 
the early years of the first settlement at Jamestown. 
In February of 1623, a census was taken to ascertain 
the exact losses by the Indian massacre of 1622. 

When this census was taken, Thomas Lester, then 32 years 
of age, was a resident of James City, and when the musters were 
made up, a year later, he appears on the muster of Dr. Potts on 
the mainland. This is the first record of the name in Virginia. 

In 1637 James Lester came over and settled in York County. 
He was followed in 1643 by Ralph Lester, who settled in James 
City County. 

Robert Lester came in 1649 and settled in York County, 
where James had located, and finally, in 1653, came a second 
Thomas Lester, whose place of settlement does not appear in the 
record. These were the founders of a fairly numerous family, 
which at the time of the Revolution numbered in Virginia fully 
twenty families and which had sent offshoots into the Carolinas. 

Lester is an ancient English family. The original form of 
the name was "Leicester," but in the very earliest period even 
that was not the spelling, because in the thirteenth and four- 
teenth centuries one comes upon the spelling "Leycestre" and 
"Laycester." Cheshire seems to have been the original center of 
this family, and the name, in these earlier centuries, was always 
preceded by the particle "de," as we find Roger de Leycestre and 
John de Leicester as prominent citizens of Cheshire in the four- 
teenth century, and men of learning, because they could write 
their names. Early marriages show that the family was highly 
respectable and had been granted Coats of Arms. In these old 
fifteenth century Coats of Arms is a rather curious description 
as follows : 

"Gules, a silver linon with a forked tayll." 

Later on, at least one branch of the family dropped the anti- 
quated spelling and took the present form of "Lester" but its 
origin is betrayed by its Coat of Arms, which is almost identical 
with that of the principal "Leicester" family of the early period. 

The five Lesters who came to Virginia in the first half of the 
seventeenth century, as above recorded, all used the present spell- 
ing, and were the progenitors of the Lester families of that State 
and of others to the south and west descended from the Virginia 
families. 

[226 ] 



-Hi 



HENRY CLAY LESTER 220 

In the Kevolutionary War, the Virginia Lesters furnished a 
half dozen soldiers to the army: one, whose given name is left 
blank, then Alexander, Benjamin, Jeremiah, John and William 
Lester are recorded. Benjamin was a member of the Cominander- 
in-Chief's Body Guard, which means that he was very close dur- 
ing his service to the great Washington. 

From this ancient English stock was descended the late 
Henry Clay Lester, of Martinsville, Virginia, for fifty years a 
leading figure in his section of the State. Mr. Lester was born at 
Figsboro on February 25, 1838, and died at his home in Martins- 
ville on September 18, 1913. 

In 1782 William Lester, a young man with wife and one 
child, was residing in Pittsylvania County. He was almost cer- 
tainly the grandfather of H. C. Lester, and with almost equal 
certainty the son of Thomas Lester, an old settler in Pittsylvania 
with a large family. It is a fair inference that William Lester, 
after his military service, settled near his father, married and 
reared a family. 

Mr. Lester was a member of that branch of the Lester family 
settled on the south side of Virginia, of which Bryan Lester, of 
Lunenberg, who was one of the most prominent men in that 
section of the State, was a member. His father, William Lester, 
was a small farmer, and his mother's maiden name was Frances 
Stegall. His early advantages were not great. His father was a 
hard-working farmer of small means, a man of good name and 
good habits but beyond this heritage of a good name, he was 
able to leave his children little else. His mother was a home- 
loving woman of religious temperament, and whose influence 
over her children was altogether for good. 

Henry Clay Lester, during his boyhood, was of frail physique, 
and during the whole of his long life was much afflicted with ill- 
health. Notwithstanding this drawback, he did his full share 
of the work on his father's farm, where he acquired not only 
habits of industry, but learned the necessity of economy, and had 
instilled in him the beauties of morality and integrity. His 
educational advantages were limited the nearbv countrv school 

v t/ 

was all to which he had access. His father's means did not 
enable him to give his children the advantages of an academic or 
collegiate training. The boy made the most of his opportunities, 
and got the full benefit of the training within his reach. For one 
of his ability that was enough for he possessed an unusual 
degree of that quality which, for want of a better word, we call 
common sense; and in business matters had not only a highly 
balanced judgment but a keen insight which enabled him to grasp 
an opportunity promptly and vigorously. Added to this, those 
who knew him best testified that he possessed a dry humor which 



230 HEXRY CLAY LESTER 

often lightened the burden imposed upon him by his life-long 
enemy, asthma. 

Early in his adult life, Mr. Lester embarked in business 
on his own account in his native village of Figsboro, as a manu- 
facturer of tobacco. The section in which he was born and in 
which he spent his life, grows a quality of tobacco better adapted 
to the manufacture of chewing tobacco than that grown any- 
where else in the world; and resulting from this, a very large 
number of factories, in that belt of country suited to this par- 
ticular quality of tobacco, are engaged in its manufacture. His 
tobacco business grew and prospered and he found himself able 
to engage in other enterprises, with the result that he also became 
a merchant, a farmer, a stock raiser and a miller. Everything to 
>'i' * which he turned his hand prospered under his able management. 
For fifty years he stood a commanding figure in the business life 
of his section of the State. At the age of sixty he was recognized 
as one of the wealthiest men of his section. During the last years 
of his life his strength was greatly sapped by the disease which 
had so long held him in its grasp, but his iron will sustained him, 
and he kfept an active hand in the management of the many 
nnancialmnd industrial enterprises with which he was connected 
until a f$v days prior to his death. 

In a work published in Virginia some years back, under the 
title of "Men of Mark in Virginia," edited by Dr. Lyon G. Tyler, 
President of William and Mary College, appears an appreciation 
of Mr. Lester which is so well expressed that no apology is made 
for here reproducing it in full: 

"The career of Mr. Lester is well worthy of emulation. He 
early in life planted himself upon the sure foundation of an un- 
impeachable credit, and on straightforward, sober, honest, truth- 
ful methods in dealing with his fellow-men. To these he added 
prudence, self-denial, fortitude, tenacity, singleness of purpose, 
and a stubborn devotion to the end in view. He surrendered very 
little to the allurements of politics, though he was firm in, his 
adherence to the principles of the Republican Party and was 
active in its councils. But he believed in business rather than 
politics; in industry rather than speculation; in employing the 
means at hand rather than in waiting for something to turn up. 
He felt that he possessed power to direct, and he directed with 
excellent results both material, and in the good opinion of his 
friends and associates." 

Besides the interests above specified, Mr. Lester has been 
largely engaged in railroading and banking two lines of busi- 
ness requiring a special knowledge not possessed by many busi- 
ness men ; and the many enterprises with which he was connected, 
and which he largely directed, illustrate not more his financial 
capacity than his versatility. That he was a man of strong con- 



HENRY CLAY LESTER 231 

victions was evidenced by the fact that, living in a Democratic 
State, all his life he was a consistent adherent of the Republican 
Party, though never a seeker after political preferment. 

On August 10, 1871, he married Lucy Clark Brown, of Snow 
Creek Church neighborhood, Franklin County, Virginia, born on 
May 6, 1855, daughter of Frederick Rives and Elizabeth (Chee- 
dle) Brown. In 1884, with his wife, he joined the Christian 
Church. He had always been an earnest student of the Bible, 
which, with the current newspapers and magazine, comprised 
much the greater part of his reading. He went into the church 
with a w r hole heart, as he did in everything else, served as one of 
its elders, and was exceedingly liberal in its support, w^hich is 
illustrated by the fact that, in 1894, he constructed at his own 
expense, a commodious church edifice for the congregation, and 
when it was completed, turned it over to the Trustees free of 
charge. His personal philanthropies were liberal and widely 
extended, but these were maintained through his wife, who was 
in the closest sympathy with him, and whom he was perfectly 
willing to trust in seeing that what he was able to give would be 
properly directed. 

The general esteem in which Mr. Lester was held is evidenced 
by the fact that, during the time of his funeral, every business 
house in the town of his residence was closed. 

Mr. Lester had a certain measure of inventive faculty, and 
put that to use by inventing a tobacco press and a licorice tobacco 
coater in addition to which he invented a well fixture. 

During his life, Mr. Lester traveled considerably, becom- 
ing thoroughly familiar with the southeastern part of the 
United States. Whether he was influenced by his observations in 
these travels or not, cannot be stated but certain it is that, 
during his later years, he was a very strong believer in the good 
roads movement, and held to the idea that the building of good 
roads throughout the whole country would contribute more 
largely to the material prosperity of the rural sections than any 
other one thing that could be done. 

In connection with Mr. Lester's marriage there is an interest- 
ing fact. He and his wife were both descendants of settlers of the 
Colonial period in Virginia and were remotely connected. Rives 
S. Brown, Mrs. Lester's nephew, took the pains to investigate 
this relationship, and found that the wife of Frederick Brown, 
the immigrant, was Henry C. Lester's great-great-grandfather's 
sister. Mrs. Lester is descended from Frederick Brown, one of 
four brothers who came from England to Virginia probably 
about the middle of the eighteenth century. These brothers were 
Reuben, John, Tarlton and Frederick Brown. Nothing is known 
as to the descendants of Reuben and John Brown. Tarlton 
Brown married a Miss Napier of the Virginia family of that name 



232 HENRY CLAY LESTER 

descended from the old Scotch-English family of Napier, which 
in our day has been made prominent by a famous English soldier, 
Lord Napier of Magdala. An offshoot of this Virginia family is 
now one of the prominent families of Georgia. 

Tarlton Brown had a son Tarlton and four daughters : Eliza- 
beth, who married Thomas Keen ; Sallie, who married Zachariah 
Fiuney; Mary, who married Thomas Hamlett; and Lucy, who 
married William Moore. The son of Tarlton married Lucy Clark 
Moorman, daughter of Lucy Clark and Thomas Moorman, of 
Campbell County, Virginia. Of this marriage were four sons and 
two daughters. The sons were, Tarlton, Bowling, Micajah and 
Richard. Brown. The daughters were, Elizabeth Cheedle and 
Mary Anne Brown. 

Frederick Brown, the immigrant, who was the direct ances- 
tor of Mrs. Lester, married a Miss Stegall. Not all the 
children of this marriage are known, but one of the sons, John, 
commonly called Jack Brown, married Sallie Rives. She was a 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Spotswood) Rives. This Mary 
Spotswood was granddaughter or grandniece of Governor Alex- 
ander Spotswood, one of the most distinguished Colonial Gover- 
nors of Virginia. 

Of the marriage of John Brown and Sallie Rives there were 
five daughters and four sons. The daughters were : Phoebe, who 
married Dr. Pearson; Mary (Polly) who married Andrew 
Brooks, and they had one son who was a doctor; Lucy, who 
married George Dickenson, and of this marriage there were five 
sons and five daughters the sons were John, Washington, Jo- 
seph, Robert and Thomas Dickenson ; the daughters were, Nancy, 
Eliza, Caroline, Sallie and Lucy Dickenson. The Dickenson fam- 
ily has given name to a county in Virginia. Sallie married Green 
Jefferson, a nephew of Thomas Jefferson. Of this marriage there 
were three daughters: Nannie, Sallie Rives and Harriet Jeffer- 
son. The fifth daughter, Nancy, married Armistead Gorman. 
Of this marriage there were two daughters: Elizabeth, and 
another daughter commonly known as Sis. 

Of the sons, John Spotswood married Mary Patterson. Of 
this marriage there were seven sons and four daughters. The sons 
were Norburn, Virgil, Taylor, Wiley, Filmore, George and Alex- 
ander Brown. The daughters were, Mary, Annie Eliza, Nannie 
and Sallie Fannie Brown. 

The second son, Frederick Rives Brown, married twice. His 
first wife was Jane Prunty. Of this marriage there were two 
daughters and one son. The daughters were Eliza and Nannie 
Brown, and the son John Robert Brown. This son, yet living, 
was born in 1842, and represented the Fifth Virginia Congress- 
ional District, as a Republican, in the Fiftieth Congress. In 1852, 
Frederick Rives Brown married, secondly, Elizabeth Cheedle 



HENRY CLAY LESTER 233 

Brown, daughter of Tarlton and Lucy Clark (Moorman) Brown. 
Of this marriage there were three sons and one daughter. The 
sons were, James, William, Millard Filmore, and Tarlton Fred- 
erick Brown. The daughter was Lucy Clark Brown who, in 1871, 
married the late Henry Clay Lester. 

The third son of John and Sallie (Rives) Brown was Reuben 
Brown, who married Anne Witcher, of Franklin County, Vir- 
ginia. Of this marriage there were four daughters and four sons. 
The daughters were, Xannie, Elizabeth, Dundena and Ida Brown. 
The sous were, John, Charles, Millard and Scott Brown. 

The fourth and youngest son, William A. Brown, married 
twice. His first wife was Sallie Preston ; of this marriage no 
children were born. His second wife was Susan Finney, and of 
this marriage there were three sons and two daughters. The sons 
were, William, Walter and Akersan Brown; and the daughters 
were Sallie and Lula Brown. 

It will be seen from this that Mrs. Lester is descended from 
both Tarlton and Frederick Brown, coming down in the direct 
paternal line from Frederick Brown, and her mother being in the 
direct line from Tarlton Brown, while her husband, Henry Clay 
Lester, was descended in the maternal line from Frederick Brown. 

The Lester Coat of Arms is thus described : 

"Argent a fesse azure between three fleurs-de-lis gules. 

"Crest : a demi griffin segreant gules." 

The Rives family, which appears in the family line of the 
Browns, has been prominent in Virginia for two hundred years. 
Hon. William C. Rives, Judge Alexander Rives, Landon Rives, 
and Amelie Rives, the author, have all enjoyed national reputa- 
tion. They are descended from an English family of Dorsetshire, 
long settled at Damory Court. Three spellings of the name 
appear on English records, Reeves, Rives, and Ryves. The Vir- 
ginians have always adhered to the form Rives. 



ROLAND GREENE MITCHELL 

WHETHER judged from a scenic or a utilitarian stand- 
point, the Valley of Virginia is not surpassed in the 
United States and probably not in the world. Its roll- 
ing fields, covered with bounteous harvests of small 
grain, its meadows green with lush grasses, and its hills crowned 
with splendid orchards, all bounded by the Blue Mountains which 
appeal to the artist, and so impress even the city-bred man, as 
to make him feel a desire to forsake the pavements of the city 
for the green fields and sparkling brooks of this favored country. 

It is not surprising, therefore, that during these later years 
many men whose training has been in the cities have been led 
by the fair prospects of this smiling country to become identified 
w r ith it and to contribute their part toward the increase of its 
productivity. 

Prominent among the younger citizens of the Lower Valley 
is Roland Greene Mitchell, of Boyce, farmer and lawyer. He was 
born at 1421 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on April 4, 
1873, son of Henry Post and Rebecca Simmons (Price) Mitchell. 

Retiring from business activities in the city, Mr. Mitchell's 
father, mother, and his brother, Joseph Price Mitchell, moved 
from New York City, where they were then living, to Browns- 
burg, Rockbridge County, Virginia, in 1884, locating on a thou- 
sand acre farm. Mr. Mitchell, then a boy of school age, after 
preparatory training, by a private tutor, was sent to the Augusta 
Military Academy, and thence to the Washington and Lee Uni- 
versity, graduating in the law. He practiced his profession in 
Lexington and Brownsburg for two years, but the lure of the 
land was so powerful that he abandoned the law to manage his 
father's live stock interests, which occupation he followed until 
his marriage in 1910, when he began farming on his own account 
at his present location. 

A Democrat in his political beliefs, a man of force and of 
personal popularity, while a resident of Rockbridge, he was 
elected and served two terms in the General Assembly of Virginia 
as the representative of Rockbridge County and the city of Buena 
Vista. His removal from the Upper Valley to the Lower Valley 
did not affect his interests in political matters, and he is now 
serving as a member of the Democratic Executive Committee of 
Clarke County. Aside from his farming, he is interested in the 
banking business, being Vice-President of Boyce State Bank. 

[234] 



A3T03, LPN 
TILDE N3 






ROLAND GREENE MITCHELL 237 

He is a member of the Episcopal Church, which he serves 
in official capacity as a vestryman; and is affiliated with the 
Kappa Alpha College fraternity. 

Mr. Mitchell was married at Millwood, Virginia, on January 
4, 1910, to Susan Randolph Page, daughter of Robert Powell and 
Agnes (Burw r ell) Page. Mrs. Mitchell's family and Christian 
names recall much of the glorious history of the "Old Dominion" 
made by Randolphs, Pages and Burwells. Mr. and Mrs. Mitchell 
have one little son, Henry Post Mitchell (2), who was born on 
March 17, 1911. Also a daughter, Agnes Page Mitchell, born 
August 5, 1914. 

Every thoughtful man in the United States, who takes the 
trouble to look a little way beneath the surface, has realized for 
some years past that our national growth has been far too one- 
sided. Fifty years ago, no nation in the world occupied so fav- 
orable a position as the American Union. At that time sixty-five 
or seventy per cent, of our people were on the land, our cities 
were small, and our manufacturers, such as we then had, were 
prosperous. Then we went mad about manufacturing, and these 
last fifty years have seen the most marvelous development of 
manufacturing industries that the world has ever known, with 
the result that our cities have had an unhealthv and abnormal 

*/ 

growth, our railroads a speculative extension, if indeed not too 
great an extension, and the people have become obsessed with the 
gambling mania. As a result of this, we see to-day one of the 
most fertile countries in the world, having the largest area for 
its population of any of the great civilized nations, actually 
having difficulty in feeding itself. Our lands are fertile and 
broad, but we have cultivated one side and forgotten the other. 
The cry of "back to the land" is not merely academic. It is 
founded on a vital and practical fact which fact is, that unless 
we can readjust in some measure our population, and put a 
larger part on the land, our broad and fecund fields will fail for 
want of sufficient labor, to supply the necessities of life to our 
teeming population. It is to the credit, therefore, of men like 
the subject of this sketch that they have been willing to put 
their brains, their labor and their money into this great interest 
which has been, if not impoverished, at least attenuated by an 
unwise greed to make great fortunes quickly. 

Mr. Mitchell is descended from that sturdy English stock 
which settled New England, and despite harsh climate, savage 
Indians and infertile soil, was instrumental in establishing a half 
dozen powerful and prosperous Commonwealths. To their credit 
be it said that, though the necessities of their condition made 
them frugal and they attached much value to the dollar, they 
never for a moment forgot the claims of the higher life, and 



238 ROLAND GREENE MITCHELL 

education and religion went hand-in-hand with the business of 
money-getting. 

Mr. Mitchell's immediate family belonged to the Island of 
Nantucket, and his forbears included the good old English 
names of "Minturn" and "Post" in addition to his own family 
name. The Minturn family (also spelled "Minterne" and "Min- 
tern") was long settled in Dorsetshire, England; and members 
of this family were among the early settlers of the Narragansett 
section of Massachusetts, becoming prominent in the church. 
The Post family came from County Kent, England, and was 
founded in New England by Stephen Post, who came with his 
brother Kichard from Chelmsford, England, in 1634. Stephen 
stopped on the Connecticut side of the Sound, and Kichard settled 
on Long Island. It is of interest to note that there was also 
a Holland Dutch family bearing the identical name of "Post" 
which settled later in New York State, and from this Holland 
family have come some splendid men. 

The first of the Mitchells in Massachusetts was Experience. 
He landed at Plymouth on the third ship which came over, the 
"Ann," in 1623. The next was Matthew Mitchell, born in Eng- 
land in 1590. He came to Massachusetts on August 7, 1635, and 
died in 1645. About the same period came the Kev. Jonathan 
Mitchell, who was the founder and pastor of the First Church of 
Cambridge, Massachusetts. Of these three, probably Experience 
Mitchell has the largest number of descendants, who are widely 
scattered all over the country. Settlers from Massachusetts came 
to Nantucket in 1659. John Post, who was evidently a son of 
Stephen, the immigrant, was one of the first settlers of Norwich, 
Connecticut, in 1660 ; and the probabilities are that the Posts of 
Nantucket were also descendants of Stephen. 

When the Minturns came cannot be stated definitely. The 

c- 

Nantucket Mitchell family certainly in part adhered to the 
Society of Friends, and from that part of the family was 
descended William Mitchell, born in 1790; his daughter, Maria, 
born 1818 ; and his son, Henry, born 1830 ; who constituted the 
most brilliant group of astronomers that this country has ever 
known. Also to this Massachusetts group of Mitchells belonged 
the Rev. Dr. Hinckley Gilbert Mitchell, clergyman and professor ; 
Charles Eliot Mitchell, famous lawyer and former Commissioner 
of Patents; John Ames Mitchell, a great writer and the founder 
of "Life"; Doctors Henry and John M. Mitchell, famous physi- 
cians and medical authors ; Professor Elisha Mitchell, clergyman 
and professor, who lost his life on Mt. Mitchell, which was named 
in his honor, and which is the highest point in the United States 
east of the Rockies. In addition to these, there were several 
other distinguished Mitchells from New England who had a dif- 
ferent origin, being descended from a Scotch family which settled 



ROLAND GREEXE MITCHELL 230 

in Connecticut; and Philadelphia has been the scene of the life- 
work of two very eminent physicians of the Mitchell family, who 

*, JL t mf J 

belonged to another Scotch family originally settled in Virginia. 
Those specified by name here, however, all belonged to the Massa- 
chusetts English Mitchells. 

The Mitchell Coat of Arms is described as follows : 
"Sable a chevron or, between three escallops argent." 



HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 

THERE are two classes of country builders the world over, 
and in our own country these two classes are perhaps 
more clearly defined than in any other. The first class 
is that minority which frequently holds office, gets news- 
paper notoriety, and takes pains to see that the public is kept 
thoroughly well informed of its heroic efforts to save the coun- 
try from destruction, and to bring it to prosperity. Men of this 
class, never averse to their names being recorded in history, if 
only for bare mention, understand well the art of advertising. 
It would not be fair or truthful to sav that such men do not ren- 

tj 

der valuable service, but it may be justly observed that profes- 
sional advertisers are apt to overestimate the value of their wares. 

The other class is composed of the men who do the day's 
work. They are not, as a rule, good advertisers. They are not 
seekers after notoriety. Their ambitions are not unreasonable; 
they have convictions; they have courage. The great mass of 
them, after lives of labor, go to their graves unknown outside of 
the communities in which they have lived and labored. But it 
is these men who save the nation in every emergency; it is these 
men who preserve its laws, take care of its moral interests, build 
up its industries, and are satisfied if, after long and strenuous 
labor, they can pass on to their children the old institutions 
preserved, with some little new features of merit added. These 
men do not get proper recognition always, even from their o\wn 
generation. It is important, if future historians are to have 
accurate knowledge of our people and our conditions, that men 
of this class shall be fairly represented and their merits pointed 
out in works of permanent character. 

To this second class belongs the subject of this sketch, Henry 
Alexander Grady of Clinton, North Carolina. The name indi- 
cates its Irish origin, and no family in America has preserved 
in larger measure certain racial characteristics than these North 
Carolina Gradys. From this family was descended the noted 
Henry Woodfin Grady of Georgia, certainly the most eloquent 
orator the South has produced, who had back of his oratory a 
great and far-seeing mind, whose orations were not merely beau- 
tiful thoughts finely expressed, but were the outcroppings both 
of a great intellect, which could grasp the most profound prob- 
lems of our civic life, and of a heart full of love for his fellow 
men. Dead at thirty-nine, Henry W. Grady, left an imprint upon 
the American public mind which will never fade away. 

[240] 






LI1 ;IY 

OX 

ONS 



HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 243 

Henrv A. Gradv is descended from William Graclv or Graddv, 

i/ *) t/ i/ 7 

who was in North Carolina prior to 1718, for on June 30th of 
that year James Rutland conveyed fifty acres of land on Deep 
Creek, in Bertie County, to William Grady. Henry A. Grady 
himself is responsible for the statement that the name has always 
been pronounced Graddy in Duplin County. However that may 
be, the second a d" has long since been dropped. 

William had a son, John, w T ho moved to Duplin County and 
settled on a tract of land in the fork of Burncoat Creek and 
Northeast River, which land is still owned by the Grady family. 
John married Mary Whitfield, daughter of William Whitfield. 
Of the children of John, his son, John(' 2 >, was killed at the Battle 
of Moore's Creek Bridge in 1776. Another son, Alexander, par- 
ticipated in the same battle, and afterwards married Nancy 
Thomas, living the balance of his life on the old Grady plantation. 
His son Henry, commonly called by the family "Lord Harry," 
married Elizabeth Outlaw, daughter of James Outlaw, on Jan- 
uary 6, 1799, and on February 17, 1800, there was born of this 
marriage Alexander Outlaw Grady, grandfather of Henry A. 
Grady. 

Alexander Outlaw Grady married Anne Sloan, daughter of 
Gibson and Rachel (Bryan) Sloan, in 1830, and on October 10, 
1831, their first son was born, Benjamin Franklin Grady, father 
of Henry A. Grady. Through his great-grandmother, Rachel 
Bryan, Henry A. Grady is directly connected with the Bryan 
family of North Carolina, as well as with Wm. Jennings Bryan 
of Nebraska ; all of said family being directly descended from 
Lord Needham of Ireland, w T hose daughter married a Bryan and 
emigrated to America. Benjamin Franklin Grady was too great 
a man to be dismissed with a paragraph, so here mention is made 
only of the facts necessary to complete this family line, and in 
another portion of this sketch will be dealt with more largely, 
though it would not be possible in a brief biography of this char- 
acter to do him full justice. He was married twice : first, to 
Olivia Hamilton, a grandniece of Alexander Hamilton, and by 
her had one son, Franklin Grady, now a prominent lawyer of 
New York City. In 1870, his first wife having died, he married 
Mary Charlotte Bizzell, eldest daughter of Dr. Henry A. and 
Celestial (Robinson) Bizzell. She was the mother of Henry A. 
Grady, and through her he is related to the Robinsons and 
Matthews of North Carolina and Virginia. 

Henry A. Grady was born September 19, 1871, in his grand- 
father's house in Clinton, North Carolina. At the age of seven his 
father's health became impaired and he moved out to his farm in 
Duplin County, where he, his father, his grandfather, and great- 
grandfather were all born and buried. Henry was the eldest of a 
family of nine children, six boys and three girls. He tells the 



244 HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 

story of that early period in a much more interesting fashion 
than a grave biographer can do it. He frankly admits that he 
did not particularly distinguish himself on the farm. His father 
was County Superintendent of Education, and his great uncle, 
Stephen Miller Grady, was Chairman of the Board of Education. 
For several years these two public spirited men went about the 
county trying to serve their country by advancing the cause of 
education, while the two crowds of young people were supposed 
to be running the farm. In 1889 his father was elected to the 
Federal Congress, serving two terms or four years. Young Henry 
was in charge of the farm during his absence. In 1893 he went 
to Chapel Hill and entered the University of North Carolina. 
After two years there he was called to Washington to act as 
secretary to his father. While there he completed his law educa- 
tion at Georgetown University. His real qualifications were 
beginning to appear, as is shown by his election to the Presidency 
of his class of three hundred and sixty young men. In 1895 
Mr. Grady was appointed to a minor position in the United States 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. In this capacity he went to Alaska, 
assisted in surveying the boundary line between that country and 
British Columbia, and also assisted in deep-sea soundings and 
astronomical work. Returning to North Carolina for a short 
rest in January, 1896, he located in New York City as law clerk 
in the office of his half brother, Franklin Grady. Later on he 
accepted a position with a reform club, and held that position 
during the exciting free silver campaign of 1896. His next work 
was as principal clerk in the office of John Sprunt Hill, a dis- 
tinguished North Carolinian, who was then practicing law at 52 
William Street. This firm was later known as Hill, Thompson 
and Stiirke. Mr. Hill was a member of a militarv organization. 

Is <~J / 

Squadron A, which on the outbreak of the Spanish- American War 
was called to service, and this resulted in Mr. Grady's return to 
North Carolina where he organized a company, but about the 
time he had a company thoroughly organized he was notified 
that no more soldiers were needed. 

Mr. Grady says it has always been a proverb in the Grady 
family that its members have no sense until they are forty years 
of age, and that this striking characteristic was discovered by 
"Lord Harry," his great-grandfather. To this alleged discovery 
other people who know the Gradys will take exception. If it is 
intended merely to refer to the making of money, it would not 
mean much, because a great many people never at any age get 
the money sense, but if it is intended to apply to other things 
aside from that, it does not apply to the Gradys, in view of their 
record. 

In 1899 Mr. Grady was again in North Carolina and with 
his father taught school at Turkey in Sampson County. They 



HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 245 

taught two sessions, and he says without profit, but with some 
degree of satisfaction. In the summer of 1900 he took a short 
law course at the State University, got his certificate from Judge 
MacRae, and was granted his license to practice by the Supreme 
Court in September, 1900. He says for three years that he prac- 
ticed "at the law," the firm being Faison and Grady. Whatever 
form his practice took in those three years it is certain that he 
learned how to practice law, for in the intervening twelve years 
he has traveled far. 

In 1901 he married Annie Elizabeth Graham, only daughter 
of Dr. Daniel McLean and Elizabeth (Murphy) Graham. They 
have three sons, Henry A. Grady, Jr., Franklin McLean Grady, 
and Graham Montrose Grady. Evidently Mr. and Mrs. Grady 
have an admiration for James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, the 
greatest man of the Graham clan, as is shown in the naming of 
their voungest bov. 

*/ o e 

In 1906 Mr. Grady formed a new law partnership with Archie 
McLean Graham, his brother-in-law, which firm has been in con- 
tinuous practice up to date, under the name of Grady and 
Graham. In 1903 Mr. Gradv was nominated bv the Democratic 

c t, 

minority in Sampson County as its candidate to the General 
Assembly. He made the race against great odds, and was defeated 
by the normal Republican majority, as expected. In 1905 he 
was nominated and elected to the State Senate, where he served 
one term with marked ability. From 1902 to 1910 he was a 
member of the State Democratic Executive Committee. He served 
four years on the staff of Governor Kitchin with the rank of 
colonel. 

This is the bald record; now what of the man? In these 
fifteen years he has climbed solely by his own efforts to the point 
where he is recognized as one of the foremost lawyers of his 

<_* f 

section of the State. He disclaims being an orator, and yet his 
direct and pithy speeches always show the highest and best form 
of oratory. He meekly admits that his longest speech to a jury 
was onlv forty-five minutes. One of the greatest lawyers the 

t, ' , t^ 

nation has ever known was William H. Crawford, who would 
have been President of the United States but for the break-down 
of his health. Mr. Crawford rarely ever lost a case in court, and 
it did not matter how great the case was, he was rarely known 
to go over his limit of thirty minutes in addressing a jury. Mr. 
Grady therefore has worked out for himself a system practiced 
by the great jurist who knew how to win law suits. 

Henry A. Grady has the Irish wit accompanied with a biting 
tongue, and this, though it may happen often that the pungent 
speech was not intended in malice, has made him enemies. A 
glance at the man reveals his character. It is a face full of cour- 
age, keen, intelligent, but the face also of a man who does not 



246 HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 

bear malice, and is willing to meet the other fellow half-way in 
burying the hatchet. If he was more careful of speech it might 
be that political preferment would come his way, but would that 
be an improvement? As it is, he is setting an example, fearless, 
truthful, honorable, kindly, loyal, a man who can be trusted, a 
man whose community will in some, let us hope not far distant 
day, appreciate the value of one who for so many years went 
in and out among them, doing his duty in every emergency hon- 
estly as God gave him to see it. 

In 1912 Mr. Grady visited Europe with his friend Lauchlin 
A. Bethune. They traveled over Ireland, Scotland, England, 
France, Spain, Italy, Austria, Switzerland and Belgium. They 
visited the old home of Mr. Grady's ancestors in Ireland, where 
he learned that the name was pronounced Graddy, or as the 
"a" in father is pronounced. Speaking of this trip Mr. Grady 
says it was both an education, and also a disillusionment. 

Literature is one of Mr. Grady's great loves. His father, as 
scholarly a man as ever lived, first class man in Greek, Latin, 
French and mathematics at the University, a born teacher, con- 
veyed to the son his knowledge in such a way that the son's 
education is equal to that of any college graduate. Naturally 
he has taken to the pen, and has written a good deal, both in 
prose and poetry. Mr. Grady has in his possession a letter from 
one of the judges of the Supreme Court, who pronounced one of 
his poems as equal to any Burns ever wrote. This is high praise 
coming from a man qualified to speak. If he had not elected 
to be a lawyer, Mr. Grady could, undoubtedly, have rivalled 
Henry Woodfin Grady in a literary way, as is evidenced by some 
matter of his now in the hands of this biographer. 

It is an interesting fact that Mrs. Grady's great-great-grand- 
father, Colonel Colin McLean, who commanded a part of the 
Tory forces at Moore's Creek Battle, was opposed to Mr. Grady's 
own great-great-grandfather, Alexander Grady, who was in the 
Whig forces. In this battle John Grady, brother of Alexander, 
was killed, the only American slain, and to him a monument 
has been erected on the battle ground. The defeated Tories were 
killed by hundreds. 

Mr. and Mrs. Grady are Presbyterians in church relations. 
In fraternal circles he is a Past Master of Hiram Lodge, No. 98, 
of the Masonic Order, High Priest of Clinton Chapter, No. 40, 
Royal Arch Masons, a member of Plantagenet Commandery No. 1, 
Wilmington, North Carolina, and Senior Grand Deacon of the 
Grand Lodge of North Carolina. He also holds membership in 
the Knights of Pythias. 

Mr. Grady's father, the honorable Benjamin Franklin Grady, 
has been briefly referred to. Henry A. Grady has a profound 
reverence for the memory of that good father. He says of him 



HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 247 

that he had the biggest brain of any man with whom he has ever 
come in contact, and that he was the most modest man he has 
ever known. He quotes him as a shining illustration of the old 
saying : 

"Knowledge is proud that he has learned so much, 
Wisdom is humble that he knows no more," 

and says that the latter clause fitted his father in all respects. 
After his death, on March 6, 1914, in his eighty-second year, the 
Sillers Chapter of the U. D. C., located at Clinton, printed in the 
"Southern Cross" an appreciation of him so just that it is here 
given exactly as printed, with the exception of two paragraphs, 
the subject matter of which has already been set forth in this 
sketch. The "Southern Cross" said : 

"Franklin, as he was called by the family, attended the old 
field schools, and was prepared for College by Rev. James Sprunt, 
a Scotch Presbyterian, at Kenansville, North Carolina. He en- 
tered the University in 1853 and graduated with highest honors in 
1857. Among his classmates were Colonel Thomas S. Kenan, 
Judge A. C. Avery, Major Robert Binghain, Dr. D. McL. Graham, 
Captain John Dugger, Hon. John Graham, and many others of a 
like kind, who have helped to make history honorable in North 
Carolina. 

"After his graduation Mr. Grady returned to Kenansville, 
where he assisted his old preceptor for about a year, when he 
was called to the Chair of Mathematics and Natural Sciences 
in Austin College, then located at Huntsville, Texas. He held 
this position until the early spring of 1862, when he volunteered 
as a private in a cavalry company, which, however, was soon 
afterwards dismounted, and he served throughout the remainder 
of the war as orderly sergeant in the infantry. He was twice 
offered the captaincy of his company, but refused ; stating at the 
time that he preferred to carry a gun. His entire company was 
captured at Arkansas Post on January 11, 1862, and sent to Camp 
Butler, Ohio, as prisoners of war. The writer has often heard 
Mr. Grady speak of the cruelties inflicted upon the prisoners by 
their inhuman captors. At one time he was shot at by a guard, 
because he refused to take off his cap to a Union officer. 

"He was exchanged in April, 1862, and sent to Tullahoma, 
Tennessee, where he joined General Bragg's Army; becoming a 
member of Granbury's Brigade, Cleburne's Division of Hardee's 
Army Corps. He participated in many battles, notably those at 
Franklin, Tennessee, Lookout Mountain, Chickamauga, and At- 
lanta. He was twice wounded at Franklin once in the hand, and 
again in the face. Those who knew him well will recall the deep 
scar in the outer angle of his right eye a faithful reminder of 



248 HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 

that field of carnage, where every officer in Cleburne's Division 
above the rank of lieutenant was killed, including both Generals 
Cleburne and Grandbury. 

"Mr. Grady developed into an expert riflleman, and was often 
detailed to duty as a sharp-shooter. It was on such an occasion 
that he witnessed the death of General Leonidas Polk, one of the 
bravest of Confederate commanders a man who had resigned a 
Bishopric to become a soldier in the defense of his country. 

"On the day before Bentonsville Mr. Grady was taken to 
Peace Institute in Raleigh, which was then used as a hospital. 
The War closed while he was delirious with fever, and when he 
regained consciousness both Lee and Johnston had laid down 
their arms to the invader. 

"Without money, ragged, and still suffering from the effects 
of fever, he wandered back to "Chocolate," the home of his 
fathers, where he saw his father die of a broken heart; saw the 
family servants scattered, the farm in ruins, credit destroyed, and 
his own people in actual want. Two of his brothers had been 
killed in the war one at Bristoe Station, and one at Snicker's 
Gap ; while the one remaining brother had lost the use of a hand. 
He saw that it was necessary to build up a New South upon the 
ruins of the past. Teaching was his chosen profession, and he 
believed that in the education of the people lay the salvation of 
the country. He established a school near the present town of 
White Hall; afterwards moving to Clinton, where, with the 
assistance of Prof. Murdoch MacLeod, he founded the Clinton 
Male Academy. In 1875, his health failing, he abandoned the 
school room for the farm, and soon afterwards, in 1878, returned 
to hs own plantation in Duplin County." 

"Farming was bad in those days, and he started a private 
school for young men unable to go to college and taught them 
free. He founded a Sunday-school where he taught the Bible, 
music, classical literature and the sciences. The school became 
a great resort and he instructed old as well as young. In 1881 
he was selected Superintendent of Public Instruction for Duplin 
County. He served most efficiently until 1890 when he was 
elected to Congress from the third district. He served four years 
in Congress and was known by his colleagues as the "Ency- 
clopaedia." He had one of those minds that never forgot any- 
thing. In 1895 he moved to Turkey, in Sampson County, where, 
with his son, Henry A. Grady, he established Turkey Academy. 
In 1898 he moved to Clinton where he spent the balance of his 
life in study and the preparation of his books." 

According to standard authorities the Gradys and O'Gradys 
go back in Ireland to the fourth century. Very much, however, 
of this early family lore is mythical, not only in relation to this 
family, but with all the families dealt with which go back of the 



HENRY ALEXANDER GRADY 249 

year 1000. Very little British or Irish family history is authen- 
tic back of that time. In the later centuries, in 1365, we come 
upon John O'Grady as Arch Deacon of Cashell ; in 1405 another 
John O'Grady was Bishop of Elfin. This was the Cathedral 
founded by Saint Patrick in the middle of the fifth century. On 
May 28, 1803, Standish O'Grady was made Attorney General of 
Ireland, and later raised to the Bench. On October 5, 1805, he 
was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer. This branch of the 
Grady family now holds the title of Viscount Guillarnore. 

The Grady Coat of Arms is thug described : 

Per pale gules and sable, three lions passant per pale argent 
and or. 

Crest : A horse's head erased argent. 

Motto : Vulneratus non victus. 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

WHETHER measured by the standard of public service or of 
private usefulness, the Henderson family of North Caro- 
lina has, since its coming to the State, furnished in every 
generation standard bearers, who have never failed to 
lead their people in the paths of civic righteousness. A contem- 
porary representative of this family, John Steele Henderson, of 
Salisbury, conspicuously illustrates the truth of the foregoing 
statement. He comes from a distinguished line of ancestors, who 
in every generation have been marked by competence, ability and 
high character. A survey of this line of ancestry will throw 
ample light upon the character of the representatives of the fam- 
ily to-day. 

One authority states that the Henderson family first came 
into prominence in the fifteenth century. In 1494 James Hender- 
son, the first Knight of Fordell, was appointed Lord Advocate of 
Scotland. This Fordell is in Fifeshire. In 1504 he was a member 
of the Scotch Parliament, and in 1507 Lord Justice Clerk, one of 
second judges of the Judiciary. On September 9, 1513, he and his 
eldest son, John, fell in the battle of Flodden Field. The younger 
son, George, became the head of the Hendersons of Fordell, which 
appears to have been the main line in Scotland. Passing over 
the intervening generations, from this George Henderson was 
descended Sir John Henderson, an officer in the army of King 
Charles I, who married Margaret Monteith about 1625. They 
had issue, five sons and five daughters. Sir John Henderson was 
succeeded by his eldest son, John. The four younger sons married 
and left numerous descendants in Fifeshire. 

According to this English authority, the Virginia family 
was descended from Sir John Henderson through his grandson 
John Henderson, and his great-grandson William Henderson. 
This William Henderson married Margaret Bruce, and was known 
to have had three sons named Samuel, John and James, and these 
are credited with having been founders of the Virginia family. 
The Henderson family of North Carolina, however, do not accept 
this statement. According to their records Samuel Henderson 
was born in Hanover County, Virginia, March 17, 1700, and died 
in North Carolina, January 17, 1784. He married Elizabeth 
Williams, whose father was a native of Wales. She was born 
November 14, 1714, married Samuel Henderson, November 14, 

[250] 









-NX 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 253 

1732, the day she was eighteen, and died in Granville County, 
North Carolina, in 1704. 

The Henderson family record makes Samuel Henderson a 
son of Samuel, who was son of Richard, who was son of Thomas, 
who came to Virginia in the early years of the Jamestown settle- 
ment. Whichever of these records is correct, this Henderson fam- 
ily is descended from the Hendersons of Fordell, Fifeshire, for 
the earlier generations of the family used the Coat of Arms of 
the Fordell family, which clearly showed their origin. 

Richard Henderson, son of Samuel, was born in Hanover 
County, April 25, 1735. 

Colonel Samuel Henderson moved to Granville County, 
North Carolina, about 1742, when his son Richard was a boy of 
seven. Samuel Henderson was the first High Sheriff of Granville 
County, yet the Hendersons shared in the hardships incident to 
the life of the frontier. Richard, son of Samuel, a man of great 
natural ability, after comparatively brief preparation, passed a 
brilliant examination under Chief Justice Berry and was 
admitted to the Bar. In 1769 he was appointed an Associate 
Judge of the Supreme Court, and in the next year, 1770, in his 
official capacity was drawn into the conflict between Governor 
Tryon and the organization later known as Regulators. Judge 
Henderson was peculiarly successful in dealing with these condi- 
tions, possessing, in a large measure, the qualities of ability, 
insight and tact. In American history, Richard Henderson is 
recognized as the leader in the early expansionist movement 
westward. For years he had interested himself in Western lands, 
and out of this landed interest, which later caused him to decline 
a re-election as Judge under the Colonial, and also under the new 
State government, grew the most interesting episode in his life. 
Taken all in all, the most momentous series of great historic 
events in the early permanent settlement of the Western wilder- 
ness resulted from the intimate association with Henderson, the 
leader in wilderness colonization, of the principal pioneering 
spirits of the age Daniel Boone, James Robertson, Richard Call- 
away, Benjamin Logan, and their fellow-borderers. For years, 
Boone had acted as Richard Henderson's special agent for the 
examination of Western lands in behalf of the land company 
known as Richard Henderson and Company. As early as 1764, 
and again in 1769 for a two-year period, Boone in this capacity 
was scouting over the area now occupied by the States of Ten- 
nessee and Kentuckv. Bv the Treatv of Watauga, held at the 

*/ / / ^j 

Sycamore Shoals on March 14 to 17, 1775, Richard Henderson 
purchased from the entire tribe of Cherokee Indians a vast tract 
of land for the Transylvania Company, which he had organized 
and of which he was the head. Goods and money, totaling in 
value ten thousand pounds sterling, was paid for the lands which 



254 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

comprised the great majority of the present State of Kentucky 
and a large section of the northern and eastern portions of the 
present State of Tennessee. A week before the treaty was held and 
signed, Henderson sent Boone ahead with thirty axemen to cut 
out a road to the new country. This road, which became the path- 
way to the new West, was called the Wilderness Road. Over this 
road, famous as being built by Daniel Boone under Richard 
Henderson's direction, passed thousands of the emigrants to the 
promised land of Tennessee and Kentucky. At the end of the trail, 
on the banks of the Kentucky River, Booue constructed a small 
fort called Fort Boone. This fort and the larger one built by 
Judge Henderson, as father and protector of the infant settle- 
ment, came to be known as Boonesborough. This was the his- 
toric settlement wherein white supremacy was first permanently 
established in the West and within whose walls the early inhabi- 
tants of Kentucky were saved from destruction by the Indians. 

By means of the Treaty of Watauga, Henderson succeeded in 
extinguishing forever the Indian claims to some of the richest 
lands in America. By ordering the cutting of the Wilderness 
Road he threw wide the portals of the gateway to the West. On 
April 20, 1775, one day after the Battle of Lexington was fought, 
Judge Henderson, with his gallant band of forty men, reached 
Fort Boone. With him he brought provisions, ammunition, tools, 
cattle indeed all that was vitally needful to the infant settle- 
ment. A land office was opened and Judge Henderson convened 
the first Legislature of Transylvania, as the new Territory was 
named. At the meeting of this, the first Legislature on the 
American Continent to convene west of the Allegheny Mountains, 
eighteen representatives of the people sat under a huge elm tree 
and passed the simple laws requisite for the government of the 
wilderness colony. 

Five years later, Judge Henderson, with James Robertson 
as his agent, founded what is now the city of Nashville. He 
drafted, and he and his two brothers, Nathaniel and Pleasant, 
with many scores of others, signed, at Nashboro, on May 13, 1780, 
the famous compact of government for the settlers on Cumber- 
land River, known as "the Government of the Notables." Hen- 
derson has been accorded eminence in history for two great 
achievements for having been directly instrumental in drafting 
and securing the adoption of a written constitution of govern- 
ment for two distinct colonies; and for having been the moving 
spirit in the salvation from British hands of the vast wilderness 
region of Tennessee, Kentucky and the Ohio Valley. Following 
his successful establishment of a settlement and the formation 
of a government at Nashboro, he returned to his home in North 
Carolina, and here, near William sborough, on January 30, 1785, 
at the comparatively early age of forty-nine, passed away this 
great pioneer, law-giver and nation builder. 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 255 

Judge Richard Henderson, the great-grandfather of John 
Steele Henderson, was not surpassed in intellect or force by any 
of his ancestors or descendants. His brother, Colonel William 
Henderson, was also a notable character. Entering the Revolu- 
tionary Army, he commanded the South Carolina troops at the 
battle of Eutaw Springs, and left behind him a reputation as a 
gallant soldier of striking military ability. 

John Steele, another great-grandfather of John Steele Hen- 
derson, was also one of our early nation builders. Born at 
Salisbury, North Carolina, November 1, 1764, liberally edu- 
cated, a farmer by occupation, he served in the House of 
Commons in the State Legislature in 1787, 1788, 1793, 
1794, 1795, 1806, 1811, 1812 and 1813. In 1788 he was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention and favored the admis- 
sion of North Carolina into the Union. He was elected a repre- 
sentative from North Carolina to the First and Second Congresses 
as a Federalist. He was appointed Comptroller of the Treasury 
by President Washington on July 1, 1796, and reappointed by 
President John Adams. On December 15, 1802, he resigned, 
strongly against the earnest protest of President Jefferson, who 
fully recognized General Steele's great ability, although he had 
been affiliated with the opposite political party. He ranked as one 
of the great men of the day. On August 14, 1815, he was again 
elected from Salisbury to the House of Commons, and died on the 
day of his election. John Steele's parents were William and 
Elizabeth (Maxwell) Steele. His mother was a member of the 
great Scottish family of Maxwell which has held innumerable 
titles and honors in that country since that day more than six 
hundred years ago when Sir Eustace Maxwell was one of the 
most loyal and valiant followers of the great Wallace in his 
struggles for the freedom of Scotland. She inherited the spirit of 
her ancestors. The Maxwells came from Pennsylvania to Rowan 
County, North Carolina, on that great tide of German, English, 
Scotch-Irish and Highland-Scotch immigration, through the Val- 
ley of Virginia and into the Piedmont region of North Carolina 
from Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and northeast Vir- 
ginia. Elizabeth was born in 1733, and married Robert Gillespie. 

Of this marriage there were two children : Robert and Mar- 
garet. Margaret married Rev. S. E. McCorkle, a famous scholar 
and divine. Robert Gillespie, Sr., was murdered and scalped by 
the Indians in 1763. His widow, Elizabeth, married a second 
time William Steele, whose parents were Samuel and Mary 
(Stephenson) Steele. The Steele family was represented by six 
brothers, who came from Ireland to America. Ninian became an 
eminent preacher, and James was a prosperous farmer. Robert 
Gillespie had established a tavern, and after his death and her 
second marriage Elizabeth Steele and her husband William con- 



256 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

tinned to maintain it. It was a famous resort for the prominent 
men of that day. The account books of the old Steele tavern 
are in a good state of preservation. 

William Steele was a Commissioner of the Borough of Salis- 
bury. He died November 1, 1773, thirty-nine years of age, leaving 
only one son, the John Steele whose record has already been given. 
John Steele was commonly called "General," because he held the 
office of General of Militia. Elizabeth Maxwell is the heroine 
of one of the most interesting of all true stories in American his- 
tory. The story is given as it is told in reliable and fully authen- 
ticated records. 

"On a wild and wintry night, February 1, 1781, a lonely 
horseman sits his weary steed seven miles below Torrence's Tav- 
ern. He waits for news of the day's campaign. It is a crucial 
hour ; only by bringing out the militia can he oppose Cornwallis. 
The preceding day he had sent Morgan towards the Yadkin. The 
messenger arrives with news that brings despair ; General David- 
son had been killed, the militia scattered, Cornwallis had crossed 
the Catawba, Huger is hotly pressed by the British and Greene 
begins his weary ride to Salisbury. After Morgan learns of the 
crossing of Cornwallis at Cowan's Ford, he begins his retreat, 
February 1, toward the Yadkin along Beattie's Ford, or Sher- 
rill's Ford Road to Salisbury. They marched through the town 
and encamped about one-half a mile east of the town on the Yad- 
kin road in a grove, where is now located the home of Honorable 
John Steele Henderson. A surgeon of the army, Dr. Joseph 
Read, with hospital stores and a number of wounded, reached 
Salisbury. Dr. Read establishes himself at Steele's Tavern; 
Greene arrives. Dr. Read said : 

"It was impossible not to perceive in the deranged state of 
his dress and the stiffness of his limbs some symptoms of his late 
rapid movements and exposure to the weather. 

" 'How do vou find yourself?' asks Dr. Read. 

*/ t/ 

" Wretched beyond measure, fatigued, hungry, alone, pen- 
niless and without a friend' (for one time heroic Greene was dis- 
couraged). 

"Mrs. Steele heard the general's remark and replied : 

" 'That I deny. Come in, rest, dry yourself, and in a short 
time a hot breakfast shall cheer and refresh you.' 

"A bountiful repast was soon spread. As he sits by the table 
with bowed head, she enters. Handing to him two bags of specie, 
gold and silver coins, her savings of years, she said: 

" 'Take them, for you will need them and I can do without 
them.' 

"On the wall of the room hung pictures, colored engravings 
of King George III and Queen Charlotte, which had been given 
Mrs. Steele by her brother, Dr. James Maxwell. General Greene 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 257 



took a piece of charcoal and wrote under the picture of the king : 
'Oh, George, hide thy face and mourn.' 

This colored lithograph was donated to the State of North 
Carolina, and is still in a good state of preservation. General 
John Steele, the only son of this splendid woman by her second 
husband, married in 1783, Mary Nesfield. There were three 
daughters of this marriage : Anne, who married General Jesse A. 
Pearson ; Margaret, who married Dr. Stephen Lee Ferrand ; and 
Eliza, who married Colonel Eobert Macnamara. Dr. Ferrand's 
daughter, Mary Steele Ferrand, was the mother of the Honorable 
John Steele Henderson. 

Richard Henderson was the father of noted sons. Two of 
these sons, Archibald and Leonard, rose to great eminence in 
North Carolina and were widely known throughout the country. 
Archibald, the grandfather of John Steele Henderson, was born 
August 7, 1768. After receiving an academic education, he stud- 
ied law and settled at Salisbury for the practice of his profession. 
It is said of him that he was the "most perfect model of a lawyer" 
ever produced by the State of North Carolina. His public service 
included membership in the North Carolina House of Commons 
in 1807, 1808, 1809, 1814, 1819 and 1820, together with four years 
in the Federal Congress as a member of the Sixth and Seventh 
Congresses. He was recognized during his life as the leader of 
the Bar in the western half of North Carolina. He was described 
by Chief Justice Marshall, who knew him well, as one of the 
most distinguished criminal lawyers of his age. 

His brother Leonard also rose to great eminence in the legal 
profession. He was born on October 6, 1772, and admitted to 
the Bar in 1794. Before engaging in practice he served as clerk of 
the District Court of Hillsborough. In 1800 he opened an office 
for the practice of law and immediately, by his great legal ability, 
attracted general attention. Profoundly interested in politics, 
he became an authority on public questions as well as legal mat- 
ters. It is said that his ability to seize instantly upon the vital 
point of controversy was remarkable. He possessed the just and 
evenly balanced mind which was so prominent a feature in the 
character of his elder brother Archibald. He conducted a law 
school, which was considered the best institution of that sort in 
the State; and many of the most noted members of the North 
Carolina Bar received their training at his hands. In 1808 he 
was made Judge of the Superior Court. After ten years in that 
position, he was elected to the Supreme Court, of which, in 1829, 
he was appointed Chief Justice, which office he was holding at 
the time of his death, August 13, 1833. 

Another member of this family, whose record measured up 
to the standard which had been set by the earlier generations, 
was Colonel Leonard Alexander Henderson, brother of John 



258 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

Steele Henderson. During our Civil War lie served the Confed- 
erate Army as Captain of Company F, Eighth North Carolina 
Regiment. General Thomas L. Clingman, the brigade com- 
mander, recorded the fact that Colonel Murchison having been 
killed, Captain Henderson was promoted on the field of battle 
to the command of the regiment, and while gallantly leading it in 
a charge was killed at the second battle of Cold Harbor on June 
1, 1864, at the age of twenty-two. He fell as brave soldiers like 
to fall in the moment of victory ; for this battle was one of the 
most tremendous defeats inflicted by the Confederates upon the 
Federals during the war. 

Other members of the Henderson family, not in the direct 
line of John Steele Henderson, have won distinction. Limits of 
space forbid more than the merest mention. Colonel Archibald 
Henderson was a fine soldier of our regular army. Major Law- 
son Henderson was a prominent citizen of Lincoln County, and 
to his family belonged the celebrated General James Pinckney 
Henderson, who held many offices of honor, was one of the 

/ ts / 

founders of the Republic of Texas, Major General of the United 
States Army in the war with Mexico, and died a member of the 
United States Senate. 

John Steele Henderson, of Salisbury, was born in the town 
where he now lives on January 6, 1846, son of Archibald and 
Mary Steele (Ferrand) Henderson. This Archibald Henderson< 2) 
was the son of Archibald Henderson* 1 *, who was the son of 
Richard, who was the son of Samuel, the founder of this North 
Carolina family. Of the various distinguished members of this 
family, though some were more in the public eye, none of them 
were loftier in character or superior in strong qualities to Archi- 
bald Henderson* 2 ). 

The Hendersons have always been firm supporters of educa- 
tion. Archibald (1) saw to it that his son Archibald was liberally 
educated at Yale University and the University of Virginia. 
While a student at the University of Virginia young Archibald 
became well acquainted with President Thomas Jefferson, founder 
of the university, whose residence at Monticello was only two and 
one-half miles away. In company with other students he fre- 
quently paid visits to the old sage, and partook of his generous 
hospitality. On his return to North Carolina he studied law, but 
eventually concluded to become a planter. 

It may be said here in passing that from these planters came 
many of the strong men who made the Southern States famous 
in ante-bellum days. They were cultivated, they had leisure, and 
they took a keen interest in public affairs. Archibald Hender- 
son< 2 > was a man of great political insight and acumen ; his public 
service, however, beyond the affairs of his home community, was 
confined to membership in the Council of State under Governor 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 259 

David S. Reid, who was Governor of North Carolina from 1851 
to 1855. 

At the age of sixteen, in January, 1862, John S. Henderson 
entered the University of North Carolina. Before completing 
his course he left the University to enter the Confederate Army 
in November, 1864, as a private in Company B, Tenth Regiment, 
North Carolina State Troops, Confederate States Army. He 
served at Fort Clifton, near Petersburg, under General Lee, and 
at Fort Branch, and at Weldon, North Carolina. Without re- 
entering the University he was graduated in June, 1865. 

His preparatory training before entering the university was 
at Dr. Alexander Wilson's school, Melville, Alamance County. 
He read law and was licensed to practice in the county 
court by the Supreme Court of North Carolina in June, 1866, 
being then but twenty years old. In June, 1867, his license was 
extended to embrace the superior courts, he being then of age. 
For a period of more than forty-nine years, he has been in the 
active practice of his profession, in which he has risen to great 
distinction. He is particularly noted for his laborious applica- 
tion. He masters the smallest details of every question which 
is submitted to him. He is both learned and thorough. In this 
respect he has long enjoyed a reputation that few lawyers or poli- 
ticians ever achieve. His public activities and his business life 
have covered a wide range, so much so that it is hard to under- 
stand how he has found time for the active practice of law to 
such an extent as to win so large a clientele. 

Mr. Henderson used not long since the phrase, "I am a very 
busy man." One would think so. He has been counsel for every 
company which has been organized to develop the Narrows of the 
Yadkin River, during the past twenty years ; and he is now coun- 
sel of the company controlling the power at that point. He 
served as Public Register of Rowan County from 1866 to 1868, 
and was elected a delegate to the North Carolina Constitutional 
Convention in August, 1871, which convention was voted down. 
In 1872 and 1874 he declined nominations for, and in 1876 was 
elected to, the North Carolina House of Representatives. In this 
position, he served two years; and having been elected to the 
North Carolina State Senate in November, 1878, he also served 
two years in that body. This included the special session of 1880. 
He was a member of the State Constitutional Convention in 1875, 
was elected by the General Assembly in 1877 one of the Trustees 
of the University of North Carolina. He was a delegate at large 
from North Carolina to the National Democratic Convention, at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1880, which nominated General Hancock for 
the Presidency. In 1881 he was unanimously elected by the Gen- 
eral Assembly one of three commissioners to codify the statute 
laws of the State, and as such rendered the State and the profes- 



260 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

sion of the law excellent and conspicuous service. His work o< A 
the Code Commission greatly enhanced his reputation. In June, 
1884, he was elected presiding justice of the inferior court of 
Rowan County; and in the same years was elected to the Forty- 
ninth Congress as a Democrat, and was re-elected to the Fiftieth, 
Fifty-first, Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses, making ten 
full years of service in the Federal Congress. He served on the 
Judiciary Committee in the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses, 
and was chairman of the Committee on Post Offices and Post- 
roads in the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses. In June, 
1890, the degree of Doctor of Laws was conferred upon him b^ T 
Trinity College. In 1900, he was again elected to the Nortn 
Carolina State Senate, served that term and was re-elected in 
1902. He has given many years of service to the Salisbury School 
Board, and to the Kowan County Board of Education ; and is now 
chairman of the latter. He has also been an alderman of the 
town and, for several terms, a member of the Salisbury City 
Water Works Board. He served as director of the Western North 
Carolina Kailroad from 1877 to 1881, when it was sold to the 
Richmond and Danville Railroad Company. He is now, and has 
been for twenty-eight years, a director of the Yadkin Railroad 
Company. He is President of the People's National Bank and 
director of the First National Bank and Davis and Wiley Bank, 
of Salisbury. 

This brief record of public service shows clearly the enormous 
amount of work this man has given to the public, none of which 
has been paid for in money to any appreciable extent, except his 
Congressional service, and even that paid him much less than he 
would have earned by remaining at home attending to his private 
business. The catalogue of his activities, however, is not yet com- 
plete. He is a member of the Dialectic Society of the University 
of North Carolina and was once its President ; he is a member of 
the Zeta Psi Fraternity of the same university. He is a member 
of the Old Hickory Club of Salisbury, and was, for several years, 
its President. He belongs to the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, 
and was, for two years, a member of its General Council. He is 
Senior Warden of St. Luke's Protestant Episcopal Parish, Salis- 
bury, which position he has held for forty-two years, and is a 
constant attendant at the Diocesan Conventions. He was a lay 
deputy to the General Conventions held at Philadelphia, New 
York/Richmond and Cincinnati in 1880, 1883, 1907 and 1910, and 
has only been hindered by his professional duties from attending 
these great church conventions more frequently. 

Mr. Henderson has a genius for legislation and a knowledge 
of public affairs not exceeded by any one of his generation. He 
has been prominent as a leader in every legislative body of which 
he has been a member. 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 261 

For the five terms he served in Congress, he was generally 
recognized as the ablest, most industrious and most efficient rep- 
resentative the State of North Carolina had sent to the House 
since the war between the States. In Washington and elsewhere 
he was frequently referred to as "the Congressman from North 
Carolina." He gave his services with unstinted devotion, not 
only to his district, but to every portion of North Carolina, and 
was called upon for courtesies by large numbers of people who 
lived in many other States. His speeches always attracted atten- 
tion, and those on Tariff Reform and the Internal Revenue Sys- 
tem were largely circulated as campaign documents throughout 
North Carolina. Few representatives more entirely commanded 
the respect and esteem of the House. None of the appropriation 
bills reported by him were ever amended without his consent, and 
every such bill was adopted without opposition just as he recom- 
mended it. This record is probably unmatched by any Congress- 
man of his day. When chairman of the Post Office and Post- 
roads Committee, Mr. Henderson secured the first appropriation 
of |10,000 for rural free delivery, and this first free delivery route 
was established in his own County of Rowan, at China Grove. 
Mr. Henderson was one of the most influential opponents of the 
"Force Bill." In debate the most eloquent opponent had always 
to be on his guard ; the clear, forcible style and incontrovertible 
logic of Mr. Henderson carried conviction to his hearers, who 
remembered what he said, and knew he was telling them the truth. 
As a public speaker Mr. Henderson has never failed to be equal 
to any and every occasion, and no political adversary ever got the 
better of him in debate. 

His political speeches were so ably and thoughtfully pre- 
pared that they have been the keynote of every North Carolina 
campaign in which he has taken part. His "Keynote Speech" 
at Lincolnton, in the campaign of 1902, was especially note- 
worthy. In 1890, when the Farmers' Alliance was greatly in the 
ascendant in the State, he boldly opposed the Sub-treasury Meas- 
ure. Most of the Democratic leaders, against their better judg- 
ment, were swept by the popular tide. In spite of this fact, Mr. 
Henderson entered the campaign declaring the measure uncon- 
stitutional ; and so great was his personal following, that he was 
re-elected by a majority of more than four thousand a wonder- 
ful tribute at this period of the State's history. In 1894 he told 
the people from every stump in his Congressional District that 
there was no person then born who would live to see a law passed 
by Congress for the free and unlimited coinage of silver. These 
words made a lasting impression upon all who heard them, and 
are now remembered to his credit, although, at the time, at least 
one-half of his hearers disagreed with him. Time is triumphantly 
vindicating his prophetic foresight. 



'2(J2 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

Mr. Henderson has been peculiarly brave, candid and fear- 
less throughout his political career, and has so impressed his 
absolute and unassailable integrity upon the people of North 
Carolina that even his opponents, while disagreeing with him, 
have never doubted the purity of his character or the sincerity of 
his convictions. It is of such stuff that statesmen are made. 

Where can one find a man who has tried more fully or more 
faithfully than Mr. Henderson to perform every civic and every 
religious duty? No matter how preoccupied with business 
affairs, he has never evaded a duty. One of the public services in 
which he takes pride and which is in line with the general trend 
of his character is the fact that in the special session of the 
General Assembly of 1880 he was largely instrumental in pro- 
curing the passage of a bill to erect the Western North Carolina 
Asvlum for the Insane at Morganton and was a director of that 

*J 

institution until after his election to Congress. From time to 
time Mr. Henderson has written many sketches for newspapers 
on subjects of contemporary interest. He wrote the "History of 
Episcopacy" for Kumple's "History of Kowan County/' His 
taste in reading runs to standard works, like Gibbon, Grote, 
Arnold and Hume in history, Hamilton's Metaphysics, Moral 
Philosophy, Logic, etc. He is an earnest Bible student and from 
his youth has taught in Sunday-school, now teaching a men's 
class. He thinks of his books as companions and admits that 
reading is a passion with him. One must not infer from this that 
Mr. Henderson is merely a student, for, though he loves books 
and study, he uses the knowledge and information there gained 
as tools in the strenuous work of a very active and practical man. 
Mr. Henderson was married in Asheville on September 
30, 1874, to Elizabeth Brownrigg Cain, born March 21, 1850, in 
Hillsboro, daughter of Dr. William Cain and his wife 
Sarah Jane (Bailey) Cain, who was a daughter of Judge John 
L. Bailey, a man of distinguished ability and lofty character. 
The children of this marriage have been Elizabeth Brownrigg 
Henderson, who married Lieutenant Commander Lyman Atkin- 
son Gotten, now Naval Attache of the United States to Tokio and 
Peking. They have two children : Lyman Atkinson Gotten, Jr., 
and John Henderson Gotten. Mrs. Gotten was educated at St. 
Mary's College, Kaleigh. Next is Archibald Henderson, 
professor of pure mathematics in the University of North Caro- 
lina, who married Barbara Curtis Bynum. They have three 
children: Mary Curtis, Elizabeth Brownrigg and Barbara Gray 
Henderson. The next child is John Steele Henderson, Jr., mem- 
ber American Institute of Electrical Engineers, who married 
Ruth King, of Newton Highlands, Massachusetts. The youngest 
child is Mary Ferrand Henderson, who is unmarried. His chil- 
dren are all highly cultured, literary and intellectual. Mr. Hen- 



JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 263 

derson's son, Professor Archibald Henderson, deserves larger 
mention than any biography of this character can give him. 

Archibald Henderson possesses an unnsnal combination of 
qualities. One would hardly expect to find in a professor of 
mathematics the sort of literary faculty which distinguishes him 
in such a high degree. As a critic Mr. Henderson has gained an 
international reputation ; and all of his books have been pub- 
lished abroad as well as in the United States. His "George Ber- 
nard Shaw" alone is sufficient in itself to establish a lasting repu- 
tation. This work is the result of years of study of the man and 

t> */ 

his works, and is full of the intimate personal touch that only 
personal contact can give. Mr. Henderson's work is regarded as 
the final word on the subject of this most brilliant and most 
misrepresented of all dramatists. Other works of Archibald 
Henderson have sustained his reputation as a broad and sane 
thinker and a brilliant and interesting writer. "The Changing 
Drama" is, by many critics, considered the most valuable and 
original work of constructive criticism dealing with the modern 
drama, ever published in this country. 

A passing criticism made years ago, to be exact, in Septem- 
ber, 1904, illustrates the estimation in which John Steele Hen- 
derson is held by North Carolinians. Postmaster C. T. Bailey, of 
Kaleigh, made the statement: "I believe there are just six men 
of mark alive in North Carolina." "Whom would you name?" 
inquired a reporter. Here is the list named by the postmaster: 
General E. F. Hoke, Ex-Senator M. W. Kansom, Colonel A. B. 
Andrews, Judge Jeter C. Pritchard, Colonel John S. Henderson, 
and Governor Charles B. Aycock. 

Enough has been told for the reader to grasp the fact that 
the subject of this brief biography is a strong man. The 
beauty of his life has been that the strong qualities with which he 
has been endowed, have been used to the extent of his ability and 
opportunity for the material and moral betterment of his people. 
A political democrat from conviction and a real democrat by 
nature, he has never gotten out of touch or sympathy with his 
people, and has won their regard by nearly fifty years of devoted 
and unselfish service. Mr. Henderson's views as to things which 
now appeal to him most strongly are the result of natural tem- 
perament, close observation and a long life of contact with all 
classes of society. When last interviewed, he said : 

"I take great interest in public education and as chairman of 
the Rowan County Board of Education I am doing everything in 
my power to extend the school terms in the country so that every 
child shall have the opportunity to attend school for the full 
period of nine calendar months in each year. Everything relating 
to the improvement of health and sanitation appeals strongly to 
me, and I favor legislation to protect women and children from 



264 JOHN STEELE HENDERSON 

all forms of vice. I favor the establishing of training schools 
and reformatories for boys and girls. I consider it a reproach to 
practical Christianity that there are so few asylums of refuge 
where girls can go to escape temptation, and to be cared for and 
rescued after they have fallen into temptation and sin. I am 
deeply interested in social service and every practical scheme for 
the uplift of human life. Legislation should be asked to extend 
help and relief to the needy and distressed and to all suffering in 
'mind, body and estate.' In regard to women and children the 
hours of labor should be carefully regulated and they should not 
be required to work at night. The age of consent for girls should 
not be less than eighteen years in any State." 

The Henderson Coat of Arms (as brought to Virginia by 
John, James and Samuel Henderson ) , is as follows : 

Arms: Gules three piles issuing out of the sinister side 
argent, on a chief of the last a crescent azure between two ermine 
spots. 

Crest : A cubit arm ppr. the hand holding a star or, ensigned 
with a crescent azure. 

Motto: Sola virtus nobilitat. 



T TT- 

k, , 



JOHN SHELTON HORSLEY 

ENGLISH surnames came into general use between 1050 and 
1250, and the distinguished name of Horsley can be traced 
back to the twelfth century. 

Little Hellingbury in County Hertford was the original 
family seat, and, according to English authorities, the name is 
subsequently found in the Registers of Counties Northumberland, 
Northampton and York. Robert Horsley was the sheriff of 
York in the time of Richard II (1367-1400)'. This family became 
numerous in Wiltshire. 

The earliest mention of the name in Virginia appears in the 
land records of Northumberland County under date of October 6, 
1665, when land was patented by a Robert Horsley. He is sup- 
posed to have been the direct ancestor of William Horsley, who 
in 1744 married Mary Cabell. Owing to the destruction of many 
early Virginia records, the relationship has not been positively 
established. 

Mary Cabell, born February 13, 1726, was the eldest child 
of Dr. William Cabell and his first wife Elizabeth Burks. Dr. 
Cabell was a native of Warminster, England. He was educated 
for his profession at the Royal College of Medicine and Surgery, 
and for a time practiced in London. He then became a surgeon 
in the British Navy. His ship came to Jamestown, Virginia, 
and Dr. Cabell visited the interior of the colony. He was so 

t.< 

pleased with the country that he returned to England, resigned 
his commission, and emigrated to Virginia in 1724. He became 
the founder of a family illustrious in the civic and social annals 
of the Old Dominion. 

Robert Horsley of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover, direct ancestor 
of Dr. J. Shelton Horsley is the first of this family in Virginia 
of whom we have definite information. He was granted lands on 
the north side of the Rivanna River, September 17, 1731. He 
died in 1734. His brother Roland was a resident of Hanover, 
and his sister Fanny married, in 1739, Richard Burks, brother of 
Elizabeth Burks who married Dr. William Cabell. 

William Horsley, sou of Robert of St. Paul's Parish, was a 
retired country gentleman and student. For several years he 
was tutor to the children of Dr. Cabell, who was then living in 
the upper part of the present County of Goochland. The roman- 
tic courtship and marriage, in 1744, of this quiet and dignified 
instructor with his winsome pupil of eighteen years, lends scope 

[ 267 ] 



268 JOHN SHELTON HORSLEY 

to the imagination. Their home in Goochland County was the 
gift of Dr. Cabell, and here their four children, William Andrew, 
Robert, Elizabeth and John were born. 

William Andrew Horsley, eldest child of William and Mary 
(Cabell) Horsley, was born in 1745. He held the office of Justice 
from Amherst in the years 1770 to 1775, and in 1776 was ap- 
pointed Justice under the Commonwealth. Early in the Revolu- 
tion he enlisted with the Continental troops, serving as a lieu- 
tenant from 1778 to 1781. He married Martha, daughter of 
Colonel William Megginson, and the following children were 
born: William, Mary Cabell, Joseph, Judith, Robert, Martha, 
Samuel Cabell, Elizabeth, John and Nicholas. Special mention 
should be made of (a) William, born in 1772, a magistrate in 
Nelson County; (b) Mary Cabell, who married Micajah Pendle- 
ton of Amherst County, a soldier in the Revolutionary War; 
(c) Samuel Cabell, a surgeon in the United States Navy who 
served in the War of 1812 to 1815. He was on Commodore Perry's 
flagship at the battle of Lake Erie, and when that vessel was 
sinking, he escaped with Perry and a half dozen officers in an 
open boat and the party was transferred to the "Niagara." This 
perilous undertaking in the face of a heavy fire from the British 
guns was the turning point in the inland sea fight, which cul- 
minated in Perry's brilliant victory, memorable in history, (d) 
John, born 1787, died 1850. He was a merchant, planter and 
man of affairs. He was twice married. By his first w r ife, Phila- 
delphia Hamilton Dunscombe, he had a son William Andrew 
Horsley. He married secondly in 1819, Mary Mildred Cabell, and 
had issue Frederick C., Edmund W., Nicholas C., Alice W., 
Paulina, Mary E., Frances M., and John Horsley, Jr. 

John Horsley, Jr.. youngest child of John and Mary Mildred 
(Cabell) Horsley, was born February 21, 1845. At the outbreak 
of the Civil War, when but sixteen years of age, he joined the 
infantry company recruited at Norwood, Nelson County, Vir- 
ginia, in April, 1861. The company was assigned to the 49th 
Virginia Infantry as Company H, Early's Brigade, Jackson's 
Corps. Governor William Smith was colonel of this regiment. 

Under a provision by which soldiers under eighteen years 
of age could be taken from the army by their parents or guardians, 
John Horsley, Jr., was removed from the army by his mother, 
December 15, 1862, two days after the first battle of Fredericks- 
burg. Up to this time he was in all the battles fought by his 
corps, including the battle of Fredericksburg. In January, 1863, 
he w^ent to the Virginia Military Institute and fought in the 
battle of New Market, May 15, 1864, being in D Company. The 
gallant advance and final charge by the brave cadets in this 
battle, resulting in a complete rout of the federal forces, and 
the capture of Captain Von Kleiser's Battery, was the most bril- 



JOHN SHELTON HORSLEY 269 

liant exploit of the corps, but by no means the only active field 
service in which the cadets engaged. Soon after Hunter burned the 
institute, Mr. Horsley joined Colonel Mosby's Independent Com- 
mand September 1, 18G4, being in the company under Captain 
Samuel Chapman, and served with valor until the close of the 
War. 

Mr. Horsley married in 1868, Rose Evelyn Sheltou, daughter 
of John Marshall Shelton of Nelson County, Virginia, and his 
wife, Mary H. Digges. They had issue three sous, of whom John 
Shelton Horsley, a distinguished surgeon of Richmond, Virginia, 
is the oldest. The second son, Frederick M. Horsley, is a phy- 
sician in active practice in Livingston, Nelson County, Virginia, 
and married in January, 1915, Miss Laura Boyd, of the same 
county. The third son, Guy W. Horsley, died in El Paso, Texas, 
of typhoid fever, in 1900, when about fifteen years of age. 

John Shelton Horsley, was born on his father's plantation 
at Livingston, Nelson County, Virginia, November 24, 1870. He 
was educated in the academic department of the University of 
Virginia, 1889-90, and graduated from the medical department of 
this institution in 1892, supplementing his medical training with 
a post graduate course in New T York. He began the practice of his 
profession in Nelson County, and in 1894 removed to Staunton, 
Virginia. In 1896 he was assistant to Dr. John A. Wyeth of New 
York, and editor of the New York Polvclinic Medical Journal. 

j 

He then spent five years in El Paso, Texas, when he returned to 
his native State, and became a professor in the Medical College 
of Virginia, lecturing on the principles of surgery. He was sur- 
geon of Memorial Hospital, and at present is surgeon in charge 
of St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Richmond. 

Dr. Horsley holds memberships in the Southern Surgical and 
Gynecological Association, of which he was Vice-President ; Rich- 
mond Academy of Medicine (Ex-President) ; the American Medi- 
cal Association ; Virginia Medical Society ; Beta Chapter of Vir- 
ginia of the Phi Beta Kappa ; Westmoreland Club ; Country Club, 
Richmond, and the Colonade Club, Charlottesville. His religious 
affiliation is with the Unitarian Church. 

Dr. Horsley is widely recognized as an authority on the 
practice of surgery, and is the author of a volume entitled "Sur- 
gery of the Blood Vessels." He is co-author of "American Prac- 
tice of Surgery," and a constant contributor to the Medical Press 
on surgical subjects. 

Dr. Horsley, February 14, 1899, at Staunton, Virginia, mar- 
ried Eliza W., daughter of Dr. Tomlin and Mary (Caperton) 
Braxton. Of this marriage there are seven children : John Shel- 
ton, Jr., Elizabeth Braxton, Caperton Braxton, Guy Winston, 
Mary Caperton, Tomlin Braxton, and Fred Horsley. 

The Horsley arms are described as follows : 
"Azure a fesse or, between three horses heads erased argent, 
bridled gules, within a bordure gobonated of the third and vert." 



EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 

NO man of to-day in North Carolina is more highly esteemed 
by the people of that splendid State than Colonel Edward 
James Parrish, of Durham, for many years past one of 
the most prominent figures in the business life of the 
State, and who has been honored by a unanimous election to the 
Presidency of the North Carolina Agricultural Society. This 
position has been filled by many of the most eminent of North 
Carolina's citizens, but it is safe to predict that none of them 
has made a greater record of good accomplished than will be 
made by the present incumbent. In every generation the "Old 
North State" has been rich in good men who seem to have in- 
creased their ability and to have secured better results for the 
State. The strong men of the present day in North Carolina have 
made of it the most progressive State of the Cotton Belt. To 
that result probably no man of the day has contributed more 
largely than Colonel Parrish, and certainly no man has la- 
bored more faithfully or more unselfishly for the good of his 
native commonwealth. The record of his useful life should be an 
inspiration to every young man who has his own way to make in 
the world. That record shows what may be accomplished by the 
man who has a spirit unafraid, whose principles are fixed and 
true, whose energy and industry are boundless, whose heart is 
clean, and who lives up to the Scriptural injunction, "Thou shalt 
love thy neighbor as thyself." 

Colonel Parrish was born near Kound Hill Post Office, then in 
Orange County (now Durham County), on October 20, 1846, son 
of Colonel Doctor Claiborn and Kuthy Anne (Ward) Parrish. 
His father had the peculiar given name of Doctor because he was 
a seventh son, in accordance with the old belief that the seventh 
son has the gift of healing. D. C. Parrish was himself a remark- 
able man. Born in 1807 he reached the ripe age of seventy-six, 
secured the unbounded esteem and affection of the people of his 
section, and was, at the time of his death, Mayor of Durham. 
The sou inherited a double portion of the gift possessed by his 
father of acquiring the good will of people. 

Young Parrish attended school at Kound Hill, Knap of 
Keeds, South Lowell and Cedar Grove. He then entered the 
sophomore class at Trinity College, under the presidency of 
the late Dr. B. Craven. Enforcement of what was known as the 
"reserve act," passed by the Confederate Congress, forced the 

[ 270 ] 



I 

ax 

TIL CH N f- - JS 



EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 273 

youth to leave college and go to Raleigh, where he became mailing 
clerk on the "Spirit of the Age," a newspaper, later merged into 
the "Conservative," when he became bookkeeper. 

His father had served as colonel under the old flag, and he 
was stronly averse to taking up arms against it. His friends 
secured for him a position in the Koll of Honor office, under 
Major James H. Foote, thinking he would be thus exempted from 
military service, and his exemption was claimed by Governor 
Vance as a necessary State officer. Arriving at the age of 
eighteen, he found it necessary to make a choice, either to enter 
the service or desert his people. He met that dilemma as he has 
met every other in life, with courage and decision. However 
much he loved the Union, he loved North Carolina better, so he 
asked to be assigned to Company "K," 4th North Carolina 
Cavalry. 

This regiment was commanded by Colonel Ferrebee, and 
Company "K" was commanded by Captain Ward. Although 
young Parrish was in the service only the last six months of the 
war, he was in several engagements, and his company suffered 
great losses, so much so that before reaching Appomattox there 
were only two or three men left of the company outside of Captain 
Ward and himself, and these were assigned to another company 
and the roll call of Company "K" was dispensed with. 

Captain Ward was at this time in command of the regiment 
and young Parrish was acting as courier for him. The greatest 
loss sustained at any time by the company was in making a 
mounted charge, composed of Companies "I" and "K." At another 
time when part of the Brigade was separated from the 4th 
North Carolina Cavalry, General Koberts being in command of 
the Brigade and being present with the 4th North Carolina 
Cavalry, saw that the 16th Battalion was about to be cut off by 
the enemy, he asked Captain Ward to send a messenger and bring 
the Battalion out by a different route from which they had in- 
structions to go. The enemy already in sight, it was necessary 
for the messenger to go down a lane fence to get to the Battalion. 
Captain Ward called for volunteers to run this gauntlet, no one 
responded, when he said that he was sure that young Parrish 
would bear the message, which he promptly did. He was exposed 
to the fire of the enemy in getting to the Battalion, but succeeded 
without harm to himself. Always discharging his military duty 
with that fidelity which has characterized his performance of 
duty through life, he returned home at the end of the struggle 
to find his father had paid the penalty in common with all 
other Southern property owners, and that a new start had to 
be made, with nothing but the naked land and the naked hands. 
He went between the plow handles and took up the work like the 
man that he is. Even then he must have foreseen that a better 



274 EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 

day was coming when there would be a larger reward for business 
capacity than could be earned by a farmer working under adverse 
conditions and without operating capital. He went to Kaleigh 
and became a salesman in a dry-goods store. His natural courtesy 
and kindly manners made him many friends, and he speedily 
became recognized as one of the best salesmen in the city. He 
changed from the dry-goods business to a government position, 
which he filled in an admirable way, and men began to recognize 
that the young man possessed superior capacity as a business 
man and financier. It was at this period of his life that he mar- 
ried, on October 5, 1870, Rosa, the youngest daughter of Captain 
Elias Bryan, of Hay wood, Chatham County. In January, 1871, 
he resigned his government position, moved to Durham and 
opened a grocery and confectionery store. Durham was then a 
small railroad station, not much more than a wide place in the 
road. Naturally, the volume of business going to the grocery and 
confectionery store was small, so in May he added to that business 
the duties of autioneer in the first tobacco warehouse opened in 
Durham, of which Henry A. Reams was proprietor. As these 
sales occurred only about twice a week, it did not interfere much 
with his little store business. He remained with Mr. Reams until 
1873, when the Farmers' Warehouse was completed, and he 
formed a partnership with J. E. Lyon, under the name of Parrish 
and Lyon, to conduct that warehouse. 

The panic of 1873 struck the young firm a hard blow, and 
they lost all that they had made. The warehouse was temporarily 
closed. Undismayed, Colonel Parrish decided to resume business. 
Mr. Lyon concluded to withdraw, and during the next three years 
he built up a lucrative trade and a good name in business circles. 
In 1876 the Durham Warehouse was rented at auction for a term 
of three years, and was bid off by Colonel Parrish at a rental of 
$2,000 per year, which looked to the people of that day a very 
large sum. His indomitable energy caused his business to 
grow to such an extent that he sought out a more eligible location 
and built a warehouse which marked an epoch in the history of 
the town. This building was completed, and the opening sale 
occurred August 29, 1879. The first day's sale amounted to 80,000 
pounds of tobacco, for which $15,000 was paid. The prestige 
gained by this day's business never deserted the house, and the 
business constantly grew. On April 1, 1880, J. W. Blackwell was 
admitted as a partner in the business, under the style of Parrish 
and Blackwell, which firm continued in business until the first of 
January, 1884, when Mr. Parrish bought out Mr. BlackwelFs 
interest, paying him for said interest $80,000 in cash. During 
this partnership they had added enormously to the area of their 
warehouse and press houses. Some idea of the extent of the busi- 
ness done may be gained from the fact that in three years, 1881, 



EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 275 

1882 aiid 1883, they sold over twenty million pounds of tobacco, 
which realized about two and one-half million dollars. 

Eighteen hundred and eighty-four found him a young man of 
thirty-eight, but already one of the commanding figures in one of 
the greatest tobacco markets of the world. He had then, as he 
has now, the gift of drawing men to him. Unassuming and 
kindly, always courteous, not without dignity, but not making his 
dignity oppressive, and full of love for humanity, men thronged 
to him for advice, encouragement and assistance. Singularly 
tenacious in his attachments both to individuals and to causes, 
he never deserted the one or the other, and through life has been 
ever ready to stand by a man as long as there was a glimmer 
of hope for his betterment. 

His warehouse business prospering, in September, 1886, Colo- 
nel Parrish bought the Z. I. Lyon Company's factory and engaged 
in manufacturing "Pride of Durham" tobacco. In October, 1886, 
a fire broke out a block or two away, which spread until it 
reached his warehouse, destroying that together with his steam 
plant and other buildings on the other side of the street, involv- 
ing a total loss of $140,000. His net loss, above insurance, was 
about |35,000. He did not immediately rebuild, but gave his 
whole attention to the smoking tobacco factory. The leaf tobacco 
trade fell off and in a year or so the Board of Trade passed a 
resolution requesting Colonel Parrish to rebuild his warehouse, 
which he did, and he resumed that feature of his business. On 
November 13, 1888, the financial cataclysm struck Durham, which 
was known in local history as the "Black Friday." The Bank 
of Durham, W. T. Blackwell, Colonel Parrish and other prominent 
business men were forced to the wall. There happened imme- 
diately thereafter an incident which illustrates the value of char- 
acter. A prominent citizen, W. W. Fuller, later Chief Counsel 
for the American Tobacco Company, asked Colonel Parrish what 
he planned to do. He answered Mr. Fuller that he hardly knew 
what to do, as he did not like to ask anyone to go on his bond 
under the circumstances. Mr. Fuller then said to him that he 
and other friends would give the required bond of $10,000 at the 
First National Bank, and that he could go on with his ware- 
house business as before. This was done and he was thus enabled 
to continue business notwithstanding his losses. In 1897, how- 
ever, while engaged in the warehouse business, and in the manu- 
facturing of smoking tobacco, the BlackwelPs Durham Tobacco 
Company, though in a sense a competitor, engaged him as head 
buyer for that company, for the purchase of leaf tobacco, at a 
salary of $6,000 per year, with the privilege of continuing his 
warehouse and factory. Two years later, in 1899, the American 
Tobacco Company, now known all over the world, tendered him 
a salary of $15,000 to go to Japan and take charge of their busi- 



276 EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 

ness in the Orient. The offer was a munificent one but involved 
severance of life-long ties, residence in a far distant and unknown 
country for a term of years among people speaking a different 
language, with which he was totally unfamiliar. 

But there were cogent arguments on the other side. When 
the great failure occurred in 1888, his property inventoried $108,- 
000 more than his liabilities, but owing to the great shrinkage 
in value when it was sold, it lacked $30,000 of paying his indebted- 
ness. He went to Japan owing that money. He remained there 
six years. Each month he took half of his salary and applied it 
to the payment of his debts, until when he came back to Durham 
he had paid off the $30,000 with 6 per cent interest. On the 
occasion of his leaving with his family for Japan, the leading 
people of Durham, in a gathering at a prominent hotel, gave 
Colonel Parrish an ovation of a character that would pay any 
man for a life time of service. The speaker of the occasion, 
Kev. J. N. Cole, delivered a most eloquent address, in which he 
recited the services of this man to Durham. One paragraph, 
which is a sort of summing up, is entitled to reproduction. He 
said: 

"Durham has probably not had a worthier citizen, a braver 
spirit, a wiser leader of her people in paths of safety and of 
virtue, a harder worker for her interest, a man who carried him- 
self more nobly, a more generous, a more gallant, a more kingly 



man." 



Before touching upon Colonel Parrish's work in Japan, there 
is an incident in his business life in Durham which is too good 
an illustration of his feeling towards his people to be passed by. 
While in the warehouse business he loaned many thousands of 
dollars to farmers of the district without interest. When "black 
Friday" struck Durham, the farmers owed him many thousands 
of dollars. When the claims were put up and sold, Colonel Par- 
rish bought them in and never afterward attempted to collect 
a single dollar. Another instance: A patent was secured by a 
party for covering plant beds with cloth. This patent caused 
much confusion among the farmers, and much litigation was 
imminent when realizing the importance of the plant beds being 
covered, Colonel Parrish, in order to relieve the situation, bought 
the patent rights and publicly advertised that every farmer was 
authorized to use same without charge. 

We come now to his record in Japan, which demonstrates 
his remarkable business sagacity as perhaps no other feature of 
his career does. He was without experience in foreign trade. 
He had been sent there by The American Tobacco Company to 
get business. After getting a grip on the situation, he decided 
to deviate from the old and accepted methods of operating through 
established foreign agencies, and proceeded to establish selling 



EDWARD JAMES TARRISH 277 

depots throughout the Empire, placing Japanese in charge. He 
followed that up by doing his business through Japanese banks, 
making his deposits with them and his collections through them. 
Many foreigners thought his policy a great mistake and warned 
him that their losses would be great. His idea was, and in this 
he was supported by the management at home, that the company 
had gone to Japan for the purpose of selling to the Japanese 
people, and it seemed to him that the logical way to do this was 
through Japanese employees and banks. The result justified this 
judgment for when the business was wound up, the net losses 
were less than one-half of 1 per cent, which proved that the 
Japanese purchasers paid up as well as the buyers of any other 
country. This business, it must be understood, was done on short 
time. It is a painful fact that American business houses, as a 
rule operating in foreign countries, have not succeeded so well as 
German and British houses. The exceptions have been the Amer- 
ican Tobacco Company and the Standard Oil Company, operated 
all over the world, W. R. Grace and Company, of New York, oper- 
ating in Chile and Bolivia, and possibly one or two others. These 
concerns largely follow the policy which Colonel Parrish pursued 
in Japan. Aside from the mere buying and selling, this policy 
had another result. It placed his company in high favor with the 
Japanese officials, bankers, business men, and people generally, 
so much so that Colonel Parrish had conferred upon him by the 
Emperor of Japan the "Third Order of Honor," and was decorated 
with the "Medal of Sacred Treasure." During his incumbency 
for the American Tobacco Company, he also represented The 
British- American Tobacco Company. The business ran into mil- 
lions and he was succeeding admirably when the war between 
Japan and Russia brought about an entire change of conditions. 
The Japanese government decided to take over the tobacco busi- 
ness as a government monopoly. This resulted in a very difficult 
situation, but after considerable negotiation, Colonel Parrish was 
able to dispose of the interest of his companies to the Japanese 
government on terms highly satisfactory to his employers, and 
the story is told, which is probably true, that, owing to the break- 
down in foreign exchange, he was compelled to bring home a 
great part of the purchase money in a valise. One can imagine 
him sitting up nights to watch that valise. 

On his arrival in New York he was offered a posi- 
tion in Mexico, or Cuba or New York, but he preferred 
to retire. Durham was no longer home, but his affections 
were so strongly bound up with the city which he had 
done so much to help to make, that he gravitated back 
and set up his household goods among his old friends. Since 
then, he has been engaged, to a considerable extent, in real estate 
operations and in the development of his beautiful farm home, 



278 EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 

Lochmoor, five miles out from Durham. After his return to 
Durham he was elected manager of the Virginia-Carolina Chem- 
ical Company for the North Carolina division, but not caring to 
take up the heavy work involved by service for another big cor- 
poration, he declined this position. His activities, however, have 
not waned, and he finds abundant work for brain and hand in 
looking after his private interests while as heretofore he is giving 
himself generously to everything contributory to the public wel- 
fare. 

During his busy life Colonel Parrish has neglected no in- 
terest that had for its purpose the public welfare. In fraternal 
circles he has been an active Mason, Knight of Pythias, Odd 
Fellow, and member of the Elks, and the brethren of those great 
orders have the highest sense of appreciation of the excellent 
work he has done in the fraternal line. He holds membership in 
the Commercial and Commonwealth Clubs and for many years 
has been an exemplary member of the Trinity Methodist Church. 
In 1884 he was elected captain of the Durham Light Infantry 
even before he had become a member of the company. Five years 
later, January 23, 1889, he was commissioned by the Governor as 
colonel of the Third Regiment of the North Carolina National 
Guard. A Democrat in political affiliations he has never held 
a purely political office, though he was compelled to decline a 
nomination to the General Assembly. He served, however, as 
chairman of the Democratic Congressional Executive Committee 
for several years. He has held many public positions of honor 
and trust, such as trustee, commissioner, Mayor of Durham, 
director of the First National Bank, and at the present time is 
vice-president of the Durham Loan and Trust Company. 

Mrs. Parrish was Rosa Flora Bryan, born in Chatham, daugh- 
ter of Captain Elias and Catherine McKay Bryan. Her father 
was a member of the Bryan family, one of the most distinguished 
of our Southern Atlantic States. Branches of this family settled 
in Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia, everywhere furnishing 
a number of splendid men, both to the public service and to the 
ranks of private citizenship. Mrs. Parrish's mother was of that 
Scotch stock which has a larger foothold in North Carolina 
than in any of our States. Their only daughter, Lily, is the wife 
of Professor R. L. Flowers, of Trinity College, North Carolina. 
They have two children, Rosa Virginia and Sybil Parrish Flowers. 
The English center of the Parrish family was in Yorkshire, and 
while frequent references are found in old records of different 
members of the Parrish family, these references are so discon- 
nected and isolated that it is practically an impossibility to make 
anything like a connected history. Some things, however, are rea- 
sonably certain. The four original emigrants were Thomas Par- 
rish, who came to Virginia on the ship Charity in the year 1622, 



EDWARD JAMES FARRISH 279 

settled in Elizabeth City, survived the Massacre of 1622, and was 
in Thomas Spilinan's muster in 1625. He was followed by 
Edward, who came over in 1635 and obtained a grant of land in 
Elizabeth City. The next was Thomas, who came over on the 
ship Increase in 1635 and settled in New England and was the 
founder of a family in that section. The last was Captain 
Edward Parrish, sea-captain, who in the early years of the Mary- 
land Colony abandoned the sea, settled in Maryland and obtained 
a grant of 3,000 acres, where Baltimore is now, and became Sur- 
veyor General of Maryland. The distinguished Parrish family 
of Philadelphia which furnished so many eminent physicians and 
chemists is descended from this Captain Edward Parrish. 
Thomas and Edward in Virginia were evidently the progenitors 
of a numerous family, for as early as 1740 we find John Parrish 
a juror in Perquimons County, North Carolina. 

In the Revolutionary period there were twelve heads of fam- 
ilies in Virginia. In both Virginia and North Carolina they fur- 
nished numerous soldiers to the Revolution. In North Carolina 
the roster shows Stephen, Joseph, Bussey, Claiborn, John and 
Jacob. Joel was a member of the Committee of Safety in Wil- 
mington in 1775. In Virginia John was a member of the Bruns- 
wick Militia. Tolley was colonel and Sherwood was second 
lieutenant of the Goochland Militia. In 1758 Joseph was a sol- 
dier in the old French war from Spottsylvania County, and 
that same year another Joseph appears as a citizen of Brunswick 
County. This may have been the same men moved southward. 
Joel died in Spottsylvania in 1791, leaving by will his property 
to his sons, John, Joel, Henry, Timothy and James. John and 
Timothy each secured land grants for 400 acres of land in Gooch- 
land County in 1734. James secured a grant for 296 acres in Hali- 
fax in 1760. John was a vestryman in Cumberland parish, Lunen- 
burg County, about 1760. Allen Parrish, grandfather of Colonel 
Parrish, in 1790 lived in the Hillsbough district of Orange County. 

There was evidently a movement of these Parrish families 
from southern and eastern Virginia southwardly. That thev 

t/ , 

were all descended from Thomas and Edward, two early immi- 
grants, cannot be doubted, for there is no record of any other 
men of this name coming in among the early immigrants. It is 
a fair presumption that Colonel Parrish's father was a grand- 
son of Claiborn Parrish, the Revolutionary soldier who probably 
lived in Granville County. 

The Parrish Coat of Arms is described as : 
"Gules three unicorns' heads couped argent, 
Crest : A unicorn's head erased argent." 

If in this sketch the reader has gathered the meaning of this 
man's life, an excellent purpose has been served. With the qual- 



280 EDWARD JAMES PARRISH 

ities which he possesses had he been moved solely by ambition, he 
might have been a great political leader, or a great railroad 
president or at the head of some great corporation, but he pos- 
sessed moderate desires in-so-far as material accumulation is con- 
cerned, and uninfluenced by selfish personal ambitions, his great 
energy and capacity have been turned in the direction of a life 
of useful service. It is pleasant to be able to report that he 
has his reward in the affectionate esteem of a constituency as 
wide as the State of North Carolina. Even now he is adding to 
his good record by making of his beautiful farm home an object 
lesson to the farmers of the State by showing them that a beau- 
tified and well improved farm not only adds to the comfort of the 
owners but also to the value of their material possessions, and so, 
to the end of the chapter, he is continuing even as he has lived. 



ETVTTTJ 
r> v" 

?u 



JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 

ONE of the most conspicuous of North Carolina families 
during the last one hundred years, whether measured by 
personal qualities or public service, is the Patterson fam- 
ily, which conies of that strong Scotch stock which has 
contributed so much to North Carolina. A present-day member 
of that family, who, though yet a young man, has made a most 
eminent success in business, and who is a community leader, is 
John Legewood Patterson, born at Winston- Salem, North Caro- 
lina, November 23, 1874, son of Kufus Lenoir and Mary Elizabeth 
(Fries) Patterson. His father, who will be referred to later, 
was one of the strong figures of his generation. In business 
he was a cotton manufacturer and merchant. His mother was 
the daughter of Francis Fries, who was a pioneer, manufacturer, 
merchant, farmer and member of the Legislature. His three sons 
are manufacturers, bankers and presidents of railroads. His 
mother's grandfather, J. C. W. Fries, was one of the celebrated 
Moravian Colony, which settled at Salem in 1766, and was a 
native of Saxony, Germany. In the paternal line, his father was 
a son of General Samuel Finley Patterson, to be referred to later, 
and one of his great-great-grandfathers was General William 
Lenoir, one of the most notable men in Carolina history. An 
uncle of John L. Patterson, Samuel Legerwood Patterson, the 
younger son of General Samuel Finley Patterson, is credited by 
Ashe in his biographies as having contributed as much to the 
agricultural development of North Carolina as any man in its 
history. It will be seen from this that John L. Patterson is 
descended from a very strong family stock. He has lived up to 
the traditions. 

Born in a town noted for its educational advantages, he went 
through the Salem Boys' School, graduated in 1887, thence to the 
Winston Public School, where he graduated in 1891, and thence 
to the University of North Carolina, where he was graduated 
with honor in 1895. He entered upon his business career as cot- 
ton manufacturer with the South-side Mills of Winston-Salem, 
where he remained from 1895 to 1900, and then became Secretary 
and General Manager of Rosemary Manufacturing Company, of 
Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, with which he has been identi- 
fied since 1901. This company is the largest manufacturer of cot- 
ton table damask in the world. His career has been marked by 
ability and integrity, which has resulted in pronounced business 

[ 283] 



284 JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 

success without restricting his activity in other directions. He 
is at present, or has been in the past, Vice-President and Di- 
rector of the First National Bank of Koanoke Rapids, Director of 
the Rosemar}^ Manufacturing Company, of which he is the Man- 
ager, Director of the Roanoke Mills Company and of the Roanoke 
Rapids Bridge Company, Chairman of the County Highway Com- 
mission, President of the County Good Roads Association, Presi- 
dent of the State Good Roads Association, Secretary of the Board 
of Graded Schools Trustees, Town Commissioner, Treasurer and 
Trustee of the Episcopal Church, affiliated with the various 
Masonic bodies, a member of the American Cotton Manufacturers' 
Association, the National Cotton Manufacturers' Association, 
the Academy of Political Sciences, the National Geographic So- 
ciety, the Luther Burbauk Society, American Highway Associa- 
tion, North Carolina Good Roads Association, Appalachian 
Highway Association and American Automobile Association. 
The mere enumeration of this list is all the evidence that one 
needs of the activities of this man in the direction of good citizen- 
ship. 

If, by any miracle, we could multiply him a million times, 
we would greatly contribute to the welfare and the progress of 
our country. While voting with the Democrats in State politics, 
Mr. Patterson uses his own judgment about political matters, and 
in national politics has voted both the Democratic and Repub- 
lican tickets. He has that independent spirit which, if more fully 
developed, would be a great asset to our Southern States, where 
political bondage is not infrequently in evidence. 

He was married in Atlanta, Georgia, on October 26, 1904, 
to Margaret Newman, born in that city, April 2, 1875, daughter 
of Judge William Truslow and Frances Alexander Newman. The 
children of this marriage are : Margaret Newman, Frances Eliza- 
beth, and John Legerwood Patterson, Jr. 

The mere multiplication of words would not add anything 
to the brief record here presented. But something of the his- 
tory of this remarkable family is worthy of record. The stock 
is Scotch, originally descended from the clan Mac Aulay, of 
which the Patterson family was a sept. The Gaelic form of the 
name was Mac Pheidran or Mac Phedron. From this stock is 
descended seven distinct families in Great Britain, having 
amongst them ten Coats of Arms. These families are given as 
of Dalkeith, of Dunmure, of Stirling, of Ross, of Castle Huntly 
(Perthshire), of Kinnettles (County Forfar) and of London. 
There are three Coats of Arms in the Ross family and one in the 
Patterson-Wallace family, which makes the ten. 

Numerous branches of the family are found in America but 
the study of many records justifies the belief that this particular 
Patterson family is descended from the Pattersons of Dalkeith. 



JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 285 

Incidentally, it may be mentioned here that the Scotch family of 
the name used one "t" only and the double "t" is an American 
or English addition. Reasons for the belief that this family is 
descended from the Pattersons of Dalkeith is found in the fact 
that they are credited with being the progenitors of the Galloway 
and the Ayrshire Pattersons. These Galloway and Ayrshire Pat- 
tersons were uncompromising Covenanters and got themselves 
into trouble with the government, by reason of their frowardness 
in matters of religion. Patterson of Balliurd and his Galloway 
associates took part in the abortive uprising which ended so dis- 
astrously at Bothwell Brig, and it was that expedition which 
gave rise to the old doggerel which runs : 

"The black and the brown gaed thro' the town, 
But Patterson's filly gaes foremost." 

Robert Patterson, said to have been the original of Sir Wal- 
ter Scott's world-renowned "Old Mortality," is said to have been 
an humble scion of this race whose blood now mixes with the 
imperial Bonaparte family of France. In a work entitled "Con- 
cerning the Forefathers," written by Charlotte Reeve Conover, 
herself of Patterson blood, it gives what appears to be the most 
nearly authentic account of the history of this branch of the 
family. 

John Patterson was born in 1640, and left southwest Scot- 
land after the downfall of the Covenanters and went to London- 
derry, where he took part in the famous siege of that town as one 
of its defenders. His son Robert was half grown at the time of 
the siege, and John Patterson was at that time a man nearly 
fifty. Robert grew to manhood and had a large family of chil- 
dren, ten in number, six of whom emigrated to America. There 
were two separate sailings of the family. Old John, then a man 
of eighty-three, came over about 1723 with his son Robert, his 
wife Margaret and six children. They were in New London, 
Connecticut, in 1728. The family decided to move farther south 
and stopped in New Jersey where the old father, John, died at 
nearly ninety years of age. Robert moved on into Pennsylvania, 
where he afterwards became known as Robert of Lancaster, to 
distinguish him from other members of the family. He was 
probably one of the organizers of Big Spring congregation in the 
western part of what is now Cumberland County, in 1737, as his 
name appears as one of the elders. At the time of his going into 
Pennsylvania the children of Robert and Margaret appear to 
have been: John, aged thirteen (ancestor of the Shaker Patter- 
sons) ; Mary, eleven; Francis, of Bedford, aged nine, said to have 
been the father of Robert who is credited with taking part in the 
battle of Lexington; William, seventeen; Robert, fourteen, and 
Thomas, a baby. Eight of the children of Robert and Margaret 
Patterson lived to become heads of families, some of them in 



286 JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 

Pennsylvania, and three of his sons, John, Francis and William, 
were enrolled in a company of troopers organized in York and 
Lancaster Counties to defend the frontiers. 

William married a Virginia girl and moved to Berkeley 
County. He appears on the list of Berkeley County soldiers in 
1776, was a Justice of the Peace in that County in 1778, and 
appears to have participated in the battle of King's Mountain 
in 1780. Here there comes a break in the story, and it will be 
remembered that Kobert and Margaret had eight children and we 
do not know the names of all of them. 

In 1758 Robert appears in Augusta County, Virginia, as a 
soldier in the old French and Indian War. Twenty years later 
Samuel appears in the Revolutionary War as a lieutenant in the 
Rockbridge militia, and thirty-five years later Samuel Finley Pat- 
terson, then aged fifteen, went, at the invitation of his uncle, to 
North Carolina and became the founder of the family with which 
we are dealing. The actual line cannot be determined, but all 
the evidence points to Samuel Finley having been the son of Sam- 
uel, who was the son of Robert, the son of Robert, the son of 
John. The Scotch-Irish of the Valley of Virginia came in a direct 
line from the Pennsylvania Counties, and it is a fair conclu- 
sion that other members of William's family, attracted by the 
fertility of the country, moved into the valley and went on farther 
up. Among these upper valley Pattersons the names of Robert, 
William and Samuel seem to have been favorites. 

This story would be incomplete without a short summary of 
the work of this family in North Carolina. 

The father, General Samuel Finley Patterson, was born in 
Rockbridge County, Virginia, March 11, 1799. Under the advice 
of his uncle, Major John Finley, at the age of fifteen he moved to 
Wilkesboro, North Carolina, where for the next six years he was 
employed in the store of Waugh and Finley. At the age of twen- 
ty-two he was elected engrossing clerk in the House of Commons, 
and re-elected annually for fourteen years. In 1835 he was made 
chief clerk of the Senate. In May, 1824, he married Phebe Caro- 
line Jones, daughter of General Edmund Jones, a granddaughter 
of General William Lenoir. This marriage brought him into asso- 
ciation and relationship with the leaders of the State. His main 
occupation through life was that of farming, but in other business 
lines he was successful and was known as a strong financier. He 
served two years as State Treasurer, and was President of the 
first railroad completed in the State, the Raleigh and Gaston 
Railroad. He had moved to Raleigh, but on the death of his 
father-in-law, General Jones, he returned permanently to the 
Yadkin Valley. 

Largely through his instrumentality Caldw T ell County was 
created in 1841 out of Burke and Wilkes. His home, "Palmyra," 



JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 287 

fell in the new Cotmty. He was elected chairman of the Court 
of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, and held this position until the 
abolition of the old system in 1868. He served two terms in the 
State Senate as a representative of his County. In 1854 he was 
again in the Legislature as a member of the House of Commons. 
In 1864 he was elected a third time to the Senate. In 1865 he 
represented his County as a delegate to a convention to bring 
about the reorganization of State affairs and readmission to the 
Federal Union. In 1866 he was a delegate from North Carolina 
to the Philadelphia Peace Convention. Between his first election 
as clerk in the Legislature and the end of his public life, a period 
of fifty years, he was constantly in the public service. Neglecting 
no public duty, he yet found time to create a model farm at his 
place "Palmyra," and for many years was regarded as an author- 
ity on all matters pertaining to agriculture. No one who was 
ever permitted to visit his beautiful and attractive home during 
his lifetime will forget the stately figure which gave his guests 
such a cordial welcome. He died January 20, 1874, leaving two 
sons, Kufus Leuoir and Samuel Legerwood Patterson. 

The elder of these sons, Kufus Lenoir, was born June 22, 
1830, at "Palmyra," in that part of the Upper Yadkin known as 
"Happy Valley." He entered the State University in 1847, and 
graduated as a Bachelor of Arts in 1851. He won the esteem of 
his fellow-students and of the faculty during his college course, 
winning the chief-marshalship in 1850. His tastes run to busi- 
ness life. 

In 1852 he married Marie Louise, daughter of Governor 
J. M. Morehead. The children of this marriage were Jesse Lind- 
say, a prominent lawyer of Winston-Salem ; Caroline Finley, 
wife of Judge A. L. Coble, of Statesville; Letitia Walker, who 
became the wife of Frank H. Fries and died soon after, and Louis 
Morehead, who died after an honorable course at the State Uni- 
versity and the University of Virginia. Mr. Patterson's first wife 
died in May, 1862. He was chairman of the Court of Pleas and 
Quarter Sessions of Forsyth County for five years, and was Mayor 
of Salem. After the death of his wife he became manager of a 
cotton mill at Patterson on the Yadkin, which was burned by 
General Stonernan in 1865. He had been exempted from mili- 
tary service because the Confederate Congress decided that fac- 
tory managers were more useful to the cause than soldiers. His 
military title of colonel was an honorary one, as he was on 
Governor Vance's staff. In 1864 he married Marv E. Fries, 

> 

daughter of Francis Fries. Of this marriage there were six 
children : Frank F., member of the staff of the Baltimore "Sun ;" 
Samuel F., cotton manufacturer of Koanoke Rapids, North Caro- 
lina ; Andrew H., professor of physics in the University of North 
Carolina; Rufus L., manufacturer and capitalist of New York 



288 JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 

City; Edmund V., contractor and real estate agent, Charlotte, 
and John L. Patterson, the principal subject of this sketch. 

After the burning of his factory on the Yadkin, Colonel Pat- 
terson moved back to Salem and entered the mercantile business 
with H. W. Fries, in which he continued until his death in 1879. 
He was a strong advocate of internal improvements, was a trus- 
tee of the University of North Carolina, and was very active in 
measures looking to its reopening in 1875. He was an intimate 
personal friend of Governor Zeb Vance, whose name is a house- 
hold word in North Carolina. His convictions led him to an 
alignment with the young Republican party in 1856, but he took 
no part in the corrupt practices of that party in the late sixties, 
and declined to allow his name to go before the Republican Con- 
vention of 1872 as a nominee for office. 

Though reared an Episcopalian, after long residence in Salem 
he became a member of the Moravian Church. 

Samuel Legerwood Patterson, the younger son of General 
Samuel Finley Patterson, did his greatest and best work for the 
progress of North Carolina in connection with the State Board of 
Agriculture. He was born March 6, 1850, attended Faucettes' 
School, Bingham's and Wilson's Academy, entered the University 
of North Carolina in 1867, where he remained one year, and then 
spent one year at the University of Virginia. He later became a 
clerk and bookkeeper in Salem for his older brother, Rufus. 

He married Miss Mary S. Senseman, of Salem, daughter of 
Rev. E. T. Senseman, a Moravian minister of Indiana. He in- 
herited his father's agricultural tastes, and made farming his 
vocation. A Republican in politics, he was appointed a Justice 
of the Peace by Democrats, and later elected County Commis- 
sioner in a Democratic County. Under Democratic influence he 
was appointed Supervisor of the Census of 1880. He supported 
Cleveland in 1884, and remained a Democrat thereafter. In 1891 
he was elected by the Democrats to the House of Commons from 
Caldwell County. He also served a term in the State Senate. 
He was four times elected and served four terms as Commissioner 
of Agriculture, being returned each time by an increasing vote. 
The work he did in that department was the foundation upon 
which his successors have built, until to-day North Carolina 
ranks in agricultural matters as the most progressive State of the 
cotton belt. 

Lindsay Patterson, of Winston-Salem, son of R. L. Patterson 
by his first marriage, brought some new Patterson blood into the 
State by his marriage to Lucy, daughter of Colonel William 
Houston Patterson, of Philadelphia, who was a son of Major Gen- 
eral Robert Patterson, who was a lieutenant in the War of 1812, 
a major general in the Mexican War, a major general in the 
Civil War and for fifty years a foremost citizen of Philadelphia. 



JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 289 

This branch of the Patterson family was founded by Francis, 
father of General Robert Patterson, who came from Ireland to 
America nearly seventy years after John and Robert Patterson. 

The Fries family, of which John L. Patterson is descended in 
his maternal life, is quite as notable in its way as the Pattersons. 
Francis Fries, his grandfather, was a son of John Christian Wil- 
liam Fries, who was born in Europe in 1775, educated in the 
Moravian School at Niesky, came to North Carolina in 1809, and 
married Johanna Elizabeth Nissen. Of this marriage Francis 
Fries was a son. The history of the Fries family is one of pro- 
found interest. In the middle of the seventeenth century Sigis- 
mund Eberhard von Fries was a colonel in the army and com- 
mandant of the city of Hoechet-am-Main. He married a Scotch 
woman, Anna Hamilton. Of this marriage was born Heinrich 
Sigismund von Fries, who was a lieutenant in the emperor's 
army and fell in the campaign against Hungary in October, 1863. 
A posthumous son was born of his marriage to a daughter of 
Philip Moritz von Erokcbrecht. This son, Konrad von Fries, 
was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in March, 1684. His mother 
lost her property, and he was compelled to apprentice himself to 
an apothecary in Erfurt, and according to the customs of that 
time he dropped the "von" from his name, that being an evidence 
of nobility, and the nobility resenting any of their members 
going into trade. Konrad Fries settled at Montbeliard and mar- 
ried Judith von Scharfenstein, daughter of a local goldsmith. 
He had a large family, and died in 1763 as Mayor of his town. 
The youngest of his seven sons was Peter Konrad Fries, born 
on November 1, 1720. He decided to study theology, graduated at 
Strasburg with a degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1741, became 
a Lutheran pastor and was thrown in contact with Count Zin- 
zendorf and his Moravians, who in those days called themselves 
United Fratrum, which is still the legal name of the church. He 
became very intimate with Zinzendorf, allied himself Avith the 
organization of which the Count was the head, and did a great 
work for the church, in which he rose to eminence. 

Of his two sons, Jacob Fredrich, a very learned man, became 
a professor of mathematics and logic at the University of Jena, 
and Johann Christian Wilhelm came to North Carolina. He left 
two sons and a daughter. He was of good influence in North 
Carolina, having his full share of what may be called Moravian 
conscience. This Moravian church is the most remarkable of all 
Protestant church bodies. It has won the distinction of being 
the most successful in its missionary work, and is unique in the 
fact that it is the only Christian organization which has more 
members in its foreign work than it has in the home church. Its 
educational work has everywhere been superb, and membership 
in the organization is more the nature of a certificate of character 



290 JOHN LEGERWOOD PATTERSON 

than it is in any other Christian church, for the Moravians do not 
stand for slackness. They are good people, so good in fact that 
their excellent qualities seem to be transmitted unimpaired from 
generation to generation. 

Enough has been written here, even though briefly, to illus- 
trate the quality of the subject of this sketch. The strongest 
trait in the character of this family seems to be public spirit. 
The men have been energetic, thrifty, capable in everything that 
they have undertaken, but they have always duly subordinated 
their private interests to the public service when a call was 
made. It is due to these men, and others like them, that North 
Carolina has made such a splendid record in the history of the 
nation, and as long as such men remain a controlling force the 
State may be expected to continue in the line of progress, and of 
a healthy, material and moral development. 



1 



JOHN E. MASSEY 

r ^HE family name of Massey is Xorman-French. It was 
derived from "Macy," a place near Coutances, in Xor- 
mandy. A man of this name followed William the Con- 
queror to England, and his name appears upon the Roll 
of Battle Abbey. The spelling was then "Maci." In 1086, when 
the Domesday Book was compiled, Hugh de Maci held lands in 
Huntingdonshire, and Hamo de Maci held nine manors of Hugh 
Lupus in Cheshire. These two men were the progenitors of the 
English Massey families, which was the form of the name finally 
taken. The name remained in France, and during the religious 
persecutions of the sixteenth century some Huguenot emigrants 
of the name settled in London. Even down to the present day 
there are two spellings Massey and Massie, but all these are 
of the same stock. 

The first record that we have of any Masseys in Virginia 
was of Alexander, who came over in 1635, Robert who came in 
1653, and Roger who came in 1654. Presumably these three 
became the founders of the Virginia families. 

The record of the Massey families was long and honorable 
in the Old Countrv. It has not been so lengthy, but it has been 

*/ *, 7 

equally honorable in the new country. In the Colonial period 
of Virginia they seem to have been stout churchmen. New Kent, 
Middlesex, Stafford and Spottsylvania were the main centers of 
the family in the earlier period though there was one strong 
family in Goochland and another in Louisa. Just prior to the 
Revolutionary War another branch had settled in Bruns- 
wick. On the old records, one comes upon the name constantly 
among the vestrymen in the different parishes, among justices of 
the peace, and as the name of "one of the leading families of 
Colonial Virginia" so says Bishop Meade. 

Space does not permit mention of more than one or two of 
these characters. Rev. Lee Massey, originally a lawyer, was 
ordained an Episcopal clergyman in 1766. He was for twenty 
years or more rector of the Episcopal Parish of Truro, in Fairfax 
County. One of his parishioners was General Washington, and 
Mr. Massey bore testimony to the fact that General Washington 
was the most constant man in his attendance upon church that 
he had ever known. He would allow no social engagement, and 
no amount of company in his house, to keep him from church. 
This Mr. Massey was a man of large form, commanding appear- 

[ 293 ] 



294 JOHN E. MASSEY 

ance and very unusual mental qualities. He lived to the extreme 
age of eighty-six, and maintained all his faculties unimpaired to 
the last. 

Over twenty Masseys served in the Revolutionary Army. 
Of these, Major Thomas Massey, of New Kent County, at the 
close of the Revolutionary War, moved to Frederick County with 
the Meades and some other families, and was one of the first 
vestrymen of Frederick Parish. His oldest son, Dr. Thomas 
Massey, located in Nelson County. Another conspicuous member 
of the family was General Nathaniel Massey, of Goochland, who 
emigrated to Ohio and became founder of the city of Chillicothe. 
He married Susan Meade, and the story of his life is told in a 
work by David Meade Massey. Coming down to a later period, 
we come upon the figure of the Rev. Dr. John E. Massey, preacher, 
farmer and statesman, who for twenty-five years after the Civil 
War was one of the foremost men of the State. He rendered 
service not surpassed in value by any man of his generation. 
He married Margaret Ann Kable, and of this marriage was born, 
in Nelson County, on February 1, 1855, the late William Walter 
Massey. 

John E. Massey was the son of Benjamin and Elizabeth 
(Chewning) Massey. Benjamin Massey was the son of Reuben 
and Mary (Carter) Massey. Reuben Massey was a resident of 
Spottsylvania County, and it is to that branch of the family 
that the Albemarle Masseys belonged. 

Dr. Massey had an extraordinary career. He was born April 
2, 1819, and died April 24, 1901. A pronounced character must 
always meet opposition and criticism, but though he lived through 
the most turbulent period of our national history, he was for the 
last thirty years of his long and arduous life one of the best 
loved men in the State of Virginia. He first practiced law but 
felt called to the ministry and was ordained in 1845. As a Bap- 
tist preacher eminent in his vocation he preached in the Valley of 
Virginia from Martinsburg in Berkeley County to Lexington and 
established churches that have grown to be towers of strength. 
The Massey blood made him also a farmer, so when, after 
serving in a number of churches, his health failed, he gave up 
active service and retired to a farm. After the Civil War, when 
Virginia was down in the dust of defeat and poverty, and the 
human cormorants were trying to steal, for their own profit, 
what was left in the great old Commonwealth, Dr. Massey went 
to the rescue. He was known as "The Father of Readjustment." 
He threw himself into the conflict with all the power of his 
wonderfully energetic nature, and w r ith all of his great ability. 
His purpose was to save the people of Virginia from absolute 
destruction. For many years he was the center around which 
revolved the bitterest fight ever known in the political life of 



JOHN E. MASSEY 295 

Virginia. Sometimes defeated, but never despairing, the great 
old man fought on, and lived to see the triumph of the principles 
which he had advocated; and at the very end of his life (during 
his last illness) the people of his county were getting ready to 
send him to a new Constitutional Convention. Incidentally, dur- 
ing these thirty years of political activity, he held the offices of 
State Auditor, State School Superintendent, Lieutenant-Gover- 
nor, and served in the General Assembly. He was the father 
of the "Massey School Bill." Prolific in authorship, strong 
in political debate, and always, and in all places, a man 
of most intense convictions, he could not be moved from a posi- 
tion once taken, nor from his opinions founded upon sound moral- 
ity. The Richmond Dispatch said of him : "With the passing 
of John E. Massey, Virginia loses one of her most brilliant and 
interesting citizens. * * * John E. Massey was, in our opinion, 
the most all-around Virginia politician of the nineteenth century. 
He was not only a good office man, but he was confessedly the 
best stumper of his generation. * * * He was really the father 
of the Readjustment movement, and he was a better politician 
and a more sagacious leader than General Mahone." His auto- 
biography written when he was eighty years old, and edited by 
Elizabeth H. Hancock, is a work of great interest to the citizens 
of Virginia and to all lovers of "the Old Dominion." 



WILLIAM WALTER MASSEY 

WILLIAM WALTER MASSEY, son of Dr. John E. Massey, 
belonged to that class which is recognized by all intelli- 
gent men as the very backbone of the nation. His entire 
manhood life was spent as a farmer and pomologist. 
Liberally educated by attendance upon the usual preparatory 
schools in his native County, and then by a course at Richmond 
College, he entered upon his career with a love for the work, com- 
bined with the natural intelligence and the attainments which 
made it impossible for him to fail. 

Mr. Massey inherited a full share of the ability of his fam- 
ily, and in the generations preceding him his forbears had pos- 
sessed most unusual gifts as preachers, teachers, farmers and 
business men. They had been among the leaders, successful in 
whatever they undertook, and had maintained always the high 
character which had marked them through all their generations 
in the State. He had the strong convictions which were a family 
characteristic. A Democrat in his political beliefs, and never a 
seeker after public position, he yet took a keen and active interest 
in politics. He was an active member of the Baptist Church and 
gave liberally of his time to Sunday-school work. One of his 
cherished desires he was never able to gratify. He had a great 
passion to be a soldier, and was profoundly regretful that he was 
but a small child during the Civil War and could not do his share 
therein. 

Throughout his all-too-short life, W. W. Massey was a great 
reader, and his reading took a very wide range. Consequently 
he was a man unusually well informed, and no private citizen of 
his community was held in higher regard for his personal quali- 
ties than he. 

Mr. Massey was married at North Garden, Albemarle County, 
Virginia, on October 8, 1884, to Mary Henry Edge, born at North 
Garden on June 18, 1864, daughter of Philip and Annie Eliza 
(Clark) Edge. Of this marriage the children are Annie Edge 
Massey; John Edward Massey, who is now the manager of his 
father's estate; Philip Kable Massey, who is now managing the 
estate of his grandmother Edge ; Joseph Clarence Massey, now in 
the student period; and Mattie May Massey. 

Mr. W. W. Massey lost his life in a railroad accident on 
November 23, 1903, at the age of forty-eight years, nine months 
and twenty-two days. Of his brothers and sisters, but one sur- 

[296] 






TK 

FUBLiC [ 

. ASTOR, LTNQX 
, TILDE N I 






WILLIAM WALTER MASSEY 299 

vives at the present time Mrs. W. H. Kable, of Woodsboro, Mary- 
land. 

During his father's term of office as Auditor of the State of 
Virginia, he served as one of the clerks in that office, and was 
one of the most efficient members of the staff. His father had for 
him a great partiality, and left upon him the burden of settling 
up his estate. In all the relations of life, the distinguishing 
feature of W. W. Massey's life was an undeviating fidelity to 
every obligation. He was a devoted son, husband and father, and 
his greatest happiness in life was found in the environment of 
home. 

The present home of the family was the former home of 
President Monroe, and has attached to it historical associations 
of a most interesting sort. 

The Massey Coat of Arms is described as follows: 

"Quarterly, gules and or, in the first quarter a lion passant 
argent." 



EDWARD TRENT ROBINSON 

EDWARD TRENT ROBINSON, one of the foremost figures 
in the present day life of the flourishing little city of Lex- 
ington, was born in Richmond, Virginia, on July 28, 1865, 
son of Samuel Couch and Margaret Ann (Graham) 
Robinson. 

Mr. Robinson's father was a prominent business man in his 
time, an iron manufacturer, a furnace owner and president of the 
Planters Bank of Richmond. An expert mining engineer, who 
rendered great service to the Confederate Government during the 
Civil War as a member of the Nitre and Mining Bureau of the 
Confederate Government, he visited many places in the discharge 
of his duties, making reports to the Confederate Government. 
A part of his time was spent superintending the manufacture of 
fire arms, such as muskets and carbines for the soldiers in the 
field. His services in this direction were so much more valuable 
than they could have been as a soldier at the front that he was 
exempted from active military duty. 

Mr. Robinson is a lineal descendant of Christopher Robin- 
son, a native of Cleasby, Yorkshire, England, who was born in 
1645; he came to Virginia probably in 1662. Some of the old 
Colonial records have the date "1642," which is perhaps a mis- 
print for 1662, as he was not born until 1645. He prospered in 
the new country, becoming secretary of the Colony, and being 
one of the original trustees of WTLliam and Mary College, that 
venerable institution yet doing good work, and which divides 
with Harvard the honor of being the oldest institution for higher 
learning in the United States. 

Christopher < 2 > served as a naval officer on the Rappahan- 
nock River. John, son of the immigrant, born in 1683, was one 
of the most prominent men of his day. He became President 
of the Council and Speaker of the House of Burgesses under 
Sir William Gooch. When Gooch left for England on June 29, 
1749, John Robinson, then President of the Council, became 
Acting Governor, in which capacity he served until his death, 
September 5, 1749. During the brief months of his administra- 
tion some very important laws were enacted which, being dis- 
pleasing to the King, were repealed by him three years later. 
Governor Robinson married Catherine Beverley, daughter of 
Robert Beverley, author of "The History of Virginia" ; and John 

[ 300] 



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TOR, L":NQX 
TILT. EN F AT IONS 



EDWARD TRENT ROBINSON 303 

Robinson ( 2 >, their son, also became speaker of the House of Bur- 
gesses and was treasurer of the Colony. 

Noting the careers of successive descendants, Anthony Rob- 
inson, Jr., was cashier of the Bank of Virginia in 1812. Another 
distinguished member of this family was Fayette Robinson, who 
died in 1859. He was an accomplished linguist and author. 

Returning to the immigrant, Christopher, it is found that 
he had a younger brother, the Rt. Rev. John Robinson, born in 
1650, died in 1723. He was one of the foremost Englishmen of 
his day a Fellow of Oxford University and a clergyman by 
vocation. He drifted, it might be said "by accident" into the 
diplomatic service. He was sent to Sweden as chaplain of the 
Legation, and out of that grew more than twenty years of splen- 
did diplomatic service rich in good results for his country. This 
service was rendered as Envoy to Sweden first, and later to 
Sweden and Poland. His diplomatic service resulted in his being 
appointed Bishop of Bristol, from which See he was transferred 
to that of London as successor of Bishop Compton. He would 
probably have been consecrated Primate of England as successor 
to Tenison but for the downfall of Harley who, while he was 
head of the government, saw to it that Robinson met with con- 
tinued promotion. Bishop Robinson was an accomplished man 
and had few superiors as a diplomat. When the Treaty of Utrecht 
was under negotiation in 1712-13, Bishop Robinson headed the 
English Commission, much to the dissatisfaction of some of the 
politicians who did not desire a clergyman to occupy that posi- 
tion. He worked, however, harmoniously with his colleagues, 
and as a result, largely of his efforts, a peace treaty was made 
which ended one of the bloodiest wars of English history, and 
secured for Great Britain the cession of Newfoundland, Nova 
Scotia, the Hudson Bay District, Gibraltar and the Island of 
Minorca. 

It will be seen from this brief review that this family has 

*/ 

been rich in strong and useful men through all its generations 
since the days of Christopher Robinson. 

Mr. Robinson's maternal line has also a most honorable 
record. His mother was the only daughter of Dr. Archibald 
Alexander Graham, a physician of high standing in the County of 
Rockbridge, a member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 
1865-66, president of the James River and Kanawha Canal Com- 
pany, and delegate to the convention that named Stephen A. 
Douglas for President. 

Dr. A. A. Graham was a nephew of William Graham, the 
founder of Liberty Hall Academy, which we now know as Wash- 
ington and Lee University. William Graham was of Scotch 
Presbyterian stock. He was born in Pennsylvania in 1745, and 
became a clergyman. In 1774 the first school, known as Liberty 



304 EDWARD TRENT ROBINSON 

Hall, took shape, and the Rev. William Graham was elected 
rector; and from that time on, until his death, in 1799, he was 
identified with the school which has since become one of the 
best known in the country, and which, during the last years of 
his life, the illustrious Robert E. Lee served as president. 

Mr. Robinson's uncles, on the maternal side, made brilliant 
records as Confederate soldiers. Archibald Graham, Jr., a grad- 
uate of Annapolis Naval Academy, was captain of the famous 
Rockbridge Artillery for the four years of the war. A brother, 
William Graham, was a captain of a company in the Tenth Vir- 
ginia Calvary attached to Rosser's Brigade. Another brother, 
Dr. John Alexander Graham, was a surgeon in the Fifth Virginia 
Regiment attached to the Stonewall Brigade; and yet another, 
Edward Lacy Graham, was a private in Company C of the First 
Virginia Cavalry. 

Edward T. Robinson was educated by private tutors at home, 
and finished his studies at the Fancy Hill Classical School, at 
Fancy Hall, Virginia. Leaving school in 1882, a youth of seven- 
teen, he took up farming, and soon became manager of a large 
farm belonging to his family near the Natural Bridge. He con- 
tinued his supervision of this work for twenty years until 1902, 
when he moved into Lexington and entered business life, which 
he continued until 1906. He then organized the firm of Robinson 
and Hutton, coal dealers. Out of this business has grown the 
Robinson Supply Company, Inc., of which Mr. Robinson is presi- 
dent and treasurer. The motto of this company is "Everything 
for the farm," and here Mr. Robinson's long practical expe- 
rience as a farmer has stood him in good stead. The business 
has grown to enormous proportions. The company handles coal, 
grain, seeds, all kinds of farming machinery, building materials 
indeed, it lives up to its motto, and anything that a farmer wants 
he can buy from the Robinson Supply Company. His judgment 
has proved sound, and his capacity is equal to his judgment. He 
is a public-spirited man and ready to give time to community 
interests. He is vice-president and director of the Rockbridge 
Building and Loan Association, and president of the Lexington 
Retail Merchants Association. He is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church in Lexington and of the Masonic fraternity, hold- 
ing the position of scribe in the Local Royal Arch Chapter of 
the Masonic Order in Lexington. 

Mr. Robinson is of studious disposition, so naturally cares 
for books. He is a lover of history, particularly ancient history. 
This branch of study is, perhaps, somewhat neglected in these 
stressful days of the twentieth century compared to the atten- 
tion it received two or three generations ago, and Mr. Robinson 
is doing creditable work in urging, both by precept and example, 
the great importance of this branch of knowledge. 



EDWARD TRENT ROBINSON 305 

Mr. Robinson is devoted to the interests of his native State, 
and insists that not enough attention is given to the wisdom of 
offering inducements to outside capital to enter the State for the 
purpose of developing its resources. Notwithstanding the fact 
that Virginia is the oldest of all the States, its resources, he 
claims, are as yet much less developed than those of some of the 
younger States, and a vast field for the profitable employment of 
capital is there. 

Mr. Robinson was married in Lexington, on September 11, 
1889, to Mary Kercheval Monroe, born at White Post, Clarke 
County, Virginia, on July 2, 1868, daughter of Albert Marshall 
and Laura Virginia (Taylor) Monroe. They have a fine family of 
children. Emily Taylor, an alumna of the Mary Baldwin Semi- 
nary, at Staunton, married on March 27, 1912, Benjamin P. 
Ainsworth, of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Margaret Graham, 
also an alumna of the Mary Baldwin Seminary, at Staunton, 
is unmarried. The next child, James Kerr Edmondson Rob- 
inson, now a lad of fourteen, is in the Lexington High School. 
The married daughter, Mrs. Ainsworth, has a little son, Edward 
Robinson Ainsworth, born in Lexington on June 28, 1913. 

The Coat of Arms of this branch of the Robinson family is 
thus described: 

"Vert, on a chevron argent between three roebucks, trippant 
or, as many trefoils slipped gules. 

"Crest: A roebuck trippant or. 

"Motto : Propere et provide." 



THEODORE WILSON TILGHMAN 

A you travel the length of the Atlantic Coast, there are 
favored sections which captivate the imagination. To 
the student of Colonial history, the mention of these 
localities is suggestive of a class of men who had a genius 
for civilization and an indomitable pride of race. A peculiarly 
happy section on which the mind of the historian likes to dwell is 
picturesque Eastern Shore Maryland, which for over two hun- 
dred years has been a nursery for heroic men and cultivated 
women. 

It was here that "gentlemen adventurers" broad-visioned 
Englishmen became self-confident, home-building, liberty-loving 
Marylanders. And this colonv out of the fullness of her new 

tj */ 

life gave to her sister States sons and daughters who had a pas- 
sion for the building of a new and higher civilization. 

The Old North State, which so generously lends her sons, 
has borrowed a loyal scion of an honored Eastern Shore Mary- 
land family in the person of Theodore Wilson Tilghman, of Wil- 
son, North Carolina, whose name introduces this sketch. 

The Tilghman family is one of the distinguished families 
of our country. Since their arrival in Virginia and Maryland, 
they have furnished in every generation useful, brilliant and 
patriotic men, and in Great Britain the history of the Tilghnians 
is equally honorable and illustrious. 

The family seat in England was at Holloway Court, in the 
Parish of Snodland, County Kent. 

One of the greatest of English authorities says that the Tilgh- 
man family was a very ancient and eminent one. He describes 
their Coat of Arms as : 

Per fesse, sable and argent, a lion rampant reguardant, 
counterchanged, crowned, or. 

Crest : A demi lion, sejant, sable crowned or. 

William Tilghman was born at Holloway Court in 1518. He 
married, in 1574, as his fourth wife, Susanna Whetenhall, and 
this couple were the ancestors of Gideon Tilghman, founder of 
that branch of the family in America to which Theodore Wilson 
Tilghman belongs. 

Susanna Whetenhall was a daughter of Sir Thomas Wheten- 
hall, a descendant of the royal family. Her grandparents were 
George Whetenhall and Alice Berkeley. Alice Berkeley was a 
daughter of Elizabeth Neville, who married Thomas Berkeley. 

[306] 



TP; 






THEODORE WILSON TILGHMAN 309 

Elizabeth Neville was a daughter of Sir George Neville, Baron 
Bergoveuney, who died iii 1492, and who was a lineal descendant 
of King Edward III. It thus appears that in the fifth genera- 
tion there came into the Tilghman family the blood of the famous 
old English King. 

An examination of the Virginia County Records confirms the 
statement found in the archives of the Maryland Historical So- 
ciety that the settlers in old Somerset County, Maryland, were 
members of that colony of English gentlemen who originally pat- 
ented lands in Accomac County, Virginia, and thence removed to 
the Province of Maryland to enjoy the advantages and privileges 
offered by Lord Baltimore, who, secure in his chartered rights, 
opened wide the door of his little kingdom to all who sought re- 
lief from the mandates of Colonial Governors. 

At that time Somerset County extended northward from 
Accomac County in Virginia to the Delaware line, and from the 
Atlantic Coast westward to Chesapeake Bay and Nanticoke 
River, comprising what are now the Counties of Wicomico, Wor- 
cester and Somerset. 

To this favored section came these fine aristocratic emi- 
grants from Accomac County, Virginia, among them Gideon 
Tilghman, whose name we find connected by patents and pur- 
chase with six tracts of land. 

Adhering to the distinctly English custom of granting and 
patenting lands under definite names, Gideon Tilghman named 
his several tracts "Tilghman's Adventure," "Tilghman's Care," 
"Poolshope," "Small Hopes," "Dale's Adventure" and "Gideon's 
Luck," and they are so entered on Lord Baltimore's Rent Rolls. 
This custom facilitates a tracing of the history of the estates 
through several generations. Thus in the will of Joseph Tilgh- 
man, youngest sou of Gideon, he mentions his manorial estate 
called "Thompson's Adventure" a part of "Small Hopes." 

Gideon Tilghmau, with other lords of the manor, transferred 
to the Eastern Shore of Maryland the customs of rural England. 
It is evident from existing records that he lived according to the 
manner of most of the landed gentry of that period, devoting 
himself to all the pleasant pursuits of the country gentleman. 

Gideon Tilghman and Margaret Maneu were married in 
Somerset County by Colonel William Stevens, February 15, 1681. 
Of this union were born the following children : Gideon, Solomon, 
Eliner, Aaron, John, Elizabeth, Moses and Joseph. These are 
mentioned in his will proved August 19, 1720, of which his wife 
was the executrix. 

Aaron Tilghman, fourth child of Gideon, married Margaret 
Hull, and had issue Margaret, Josiah, Elizabeth, Sarah, John 
and William. 

John Tilghman, son of Aaron and Margaret (Hull) Tilgh- 



310 THEODORE WILSON TILGHMAN 

man, was born in 1760, and died in 1848. He married Nancy 
Dykes, and from this union was a family of ten children, of whom 
were Noah, who married Anna Riia Parsons, and John, who mar- 
ried Polly Truitt. 

Littleton Tilghman, son of Noah and Annie (Parsons) Tilgh- 
man, was born April 19, 1826. He died October 6, 1864. By his 
marriage with Mary Parker Elliott (born May 10, 1829; died 
November 6, 1914), eight children were born, namely: Merrill 
Hearn, Sylvinus, Francis, Theodore Wilson, George, Jason Par- 
sons, Annie and Letta. 

Theodore Wilson Tilghman was born June 13, 1851, near 
Salisbury, Wicomico County, Maryland. His father, Littleton 
Tilghman, like the great majority of the Eastern Shore Maryland 
aristrocracy, was a planter. Theodore Wilson Tilghman remained 
at the homestead until he had attained his majority, and during 
these formative years, dividing his energies between plantation 
duties and a steam saw mill owned by his mother, he laid a broad 
foundation for future activities. It was here as a boy that the 
lure of the lumber business took possession of him, and he saw in 
it an attractive field for his life work. He was not, however, 
afforded an opportunity to acquire a general knowledge of the 
lumber industry for several years, but he at no time abandoned 
the idea of making it his life work. 

In 1877 Mr. Tilghman secured employment in the shipping 
department of E. E. Jackson and Company, lumber manufac- 
turers at Whaleyville, Virginia. He remained five years with 
this firm, acquiring practical knowledge that fitted him for larger 
duties and greater responsibilities. This knowledge was further 
augmented by the experience gained as manager of a lumber 
plant in Bertie County, North Carolina. 

In 1888 Mr. Tilghman became interested with Dennis Sim- 
mons and D. D. Simmons under the firm name of Simmons, Tilgh- 
man and Company. In 1892 the firm was incorporated as the 
Dennis Simmons Lumber Company, of which Mr. Tilghman is the 
President and General Manager. It is one of the most important 
lumber industries in the South, and is a leading factor in the dis- 
tribution of North Carolina pine. 

Mr. Tilghman believes in organized effort. As a director of 
the North Carolina Pine Association his wise counsel has been 
most effective in helping to build up North Carolina pine industry 
to the enviable position it holds in the world to-day. He is Vice- 
President of the Hackney Wagon Company and President of the 
Roanoke and Tar River Steamboat Company. He is a stock 
holder and director in the First National Bank of Wilson, North 
Carolina; the Wilson Savings and Trust Co., and the Toisnot 
Banking Company. 

Mr. Tilghman was married January 3, 1882, to Miss Rosa 



THEODORE WILSON TILGHMAN 311 

Lynnwood Davis, who was born at Salisbury, Maryland, October 
3, 1857, a daughter of Edward E. and Eliza (Hearn) Davis. Mr. 
and Mrs. Tilghman have a family of four children and seven 
grandchildren, as follows : 

(1) Theodore Clyde Tilghman, who married Margaret Mer- 
cer ; issue : Theodore Clyde, Jr., Rose Lynnwood, William Parker 
and Margurette Mercer Tilghman. 

(2) Mary Lynnwood Tilghman, educated at Randolph 
Macon College, Lynchburg, Virginia, married Dr. Benjamin S. 
Herring ; issue : Sarah, Francis and Theodore Tilghman Herring. 

(3) Miss Rosa Vance Tilghman, educated at Randolph 
Macon College, Lynchburg, Virginia. 

(4) Miss Harriett Simmons Tilghman, now a student at 
Randolph Macon Institute, Danville, Virginia. 










WILLIAM DARRAH WATERS 

ILLIAM DARRAH WATERS, who resides in the beau- 
tiful Greeu Mountain section of Albemarle County, Vir- 
ginia, is a striking example of two of our American 
peculiarities, one being our disposition to migrate from 
one section of the country to another, and the other the remark- 
able homogeneitjr of our older American stock. He was born in 
Missouri of a father who was born in New Jersey, whose father 

/ / 

and grandfathers for several generations were born in Long 
Island, New York, the first of the family in America being one 
of the earlv settlers of Massachusetts. The route of travel of 

/ 

this family, or rather this branch of the Waters family, was first 
South, then West and then back towards the East. In all the 
new homes the members of the family have shown their instant 
adaptability to new surroundings, and have become closely iden- 
tified with their respective sections of the country. 

Mr. Waters was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on September 
25, 1864, son of William Henry and Sarah G. (Palmer) Waters. 
His father, William Henry Waters, was born at Hamburg, New 
Jersey, of a family which has been American since 1640. W. H. 

ty 7 t7 

Waters moved to Palmyra, Mo., in 1835. He started his business 
career as a merchant. He later adopted manufacturing, and 
finally became one of the founders of the Waters-Pierce Oil Com- 
pany, which during the remainder of his life controlled the oil 
interests west of the Mississippi River. It was an enormous 
business, and a standing testimonial to the organizing ability 
and executive capacity of Mr. Waters and his partner, Mr. Pierce. 
After completing his education William Darrah Waters was for 
three and one-half years associated with the Waters-Pierce Oil 
Company, first as clerk and then as cashier, this service being 
followed by a period in the manufacturing business. 

His natural taste, however, finally influenced him to dis- 
continue these pursuits, as being more suitable to towns and 
cities, and in 1897 he moved to his present location purchasing 
Tallwood, one of the fine estates which had been long in the 
Coles family, and which is located in one of the most attractive 
parts of Piedmont, Va. ? a section noted for its scenic beauty. 
The house in which Mr. Waters lives, though of wood and built 
in 1803, is to-day in a beautiful state of preservation, a most 
handsome, commodious home, and demonstrates what is to us 
of this generation a rather painful fact that our forefathers, not- 

[312] 



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TILDEN F :><3 



WILLIAM DARRAH WATERS 315 

withstanding a lack of modern advantages, did better work in 
some things than we. Since 1897 Mr. Waters has been a Virginia 
farmer. He loves the life and leads it in the heartiest fashion. 
His personal popularity not only with his neighbors but with his 
large acquaintance in a big county is unbounded. Naturally 
kindly, and a believer in a generous hospitality, the stranger 
coming into the country would instantly accept him as a fine 
example of the old-fashioned Virginia planter. But there is a 
difference. The old-fashioned Virginia planter, with all of his 
virtues, was not so energetic or progressive as those of a later gen- 
eration. The Virginia farmers of the olden time, and far too 
much at the present day, remind one of the Spanish-Americans 
who for three hundred years have been carrying all the imports 
of the city of Bogota over an almost impassable mule trail 
through mountains of ten thousand feet altitude. When it comes 
to the good roads question Mr. Waters is up-to-date and a pro- 
gressive, practicing and preaching in season and out in the hope 
that after a time the good seed will take root and his neighbors 
will learn the economic value of good roads even though they care 
nothing for their own comfort. 

Mr. Waters was married in St. Louis on January 7, 1891, 
to Ella Potter, of Des Moines, Iowa, daughter of Homer C. and 
Eliza J. Hull Potter. The only child of this marriage is William 
Potter Waters, born December 19, 1893, and now a student at the 
University of Virginia. Mr. Waters' mother was a Palmer and 
Mrs. Waters' was a Potter, and the combination brings to mind 
Potter Palmer, of the last generation, who w r as one of the men 
who made Chicago great. Mr. Waters has been an omnivorous 
reader, and evidently a close observer, for his conclusion as to 
how best to promote the interests of his State and nation is one 
which shows that he has struck at the verv bedrock of our 

V 

governmental troubles. He says, "Let no public officer succeed 
himself." A few thoughtful men, and only a few, have long seen 
that this is a weak spot in our governmental system. The moment 
men get into public office their energies are devoted not so much 
to the public service as to their own retention in place and 
power. Many believe it to be apparent that a limitation of four 
years in the lower house of Congress and one term in the Senate 
would be greatly conducive to the public welfare. It is held that 
men knowing the impossibility of re-election until after the inter- 
val of one term, would devote themselves then strenuously to 

t 

doing record work during their tenure of office. The same princi- 
ple might be applied all along dow^n the line which, it is thought, 
would result in great improvement in every direction. 

No man is indispensable to the public life of the nation, and 
no man is so valuable, that another of equal value may not 
be found to take his place. There is danger of an office-holding 



316 WILLIAM DARRAH WATERS 

clique or cult growing up in this country, the efforts of which 
would not benefit the public, and would lead to much rank dis- 
honesty, chicanery and trickery. Evidently William D. Waters 
does his own thinking. 

W. D. Waters comes from an old family. The first of his 
line was Anthony Waters, who came from Great Britain to 
Marshfield, Massachusetts, in 1640. He moved to North Sea, 
Southampton, Long Island, probably in 1659, for he was certainly 
a resident there at that date, and on November 15, 1662, was 
admitted by a vote of the inhabitants of Jamaica (at the town 
meeting called for that purpose) to full citizenship. On Novem- 
ber 9, 1663, the Colony still being Dutch, old Peter Stuyvesant 
complains in a letter to Governor Winthrop that Anthony Waters, 
with eighty horse and foot, was putting down the Dutch magis- 
trates and placing others in their stead. He was clerk of the 
Court of Sessions on March 17, 1664, and a patentee of Jamaica, 
February 5, 1665. On October 2, 1665, he served as a juror in 
the Court of Assizes of New York City in the celebrated trial 
of Kalph Hall and Mary, his wife, on the charge of witchcraft. 
On August 8, 1673, he was delegated by the town of Jamaica to 
appear as its representative before the general of the Dutch 
fleet at Fort William Hendrik. 

This old Anthony was a lawyer by profession and was evi- 
dently a man of considerable repute in the Jamaica section of 
Long Island. He was the father of Anthony, Jr., who was a man 
of good standing, a vestryman in the church, and who died prior 
to 1722. The exact date cannot be given. Anthony, Jr., married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Major Daniel Whitehead and Abigail A. 
(Stevenson) Whitehead. Her father was one of the patentees of 
the town of Jamaica. Anthony, Jr., was father of Daniel (1) , 
born in Flushing, Long Island, in 1694, and died there on Septem- 
ber 1, 1748, an extensive landowner, farmer by occupation, and 
a prominent citizen. He married on November 18, 1714, Mary 
Talman, who died December 19, 1769, seventy-seven years of age. 
Daniel (1 > was father of Daniel (2) , born at Flushing and died at 
Hempstead, Long Island, in 1764. He married Sarah, daughter 
of Thomas Cornell and Sarah Doughty Cornell. Daniel (2) was 
father of Thomas of Goshen, New York, who was born at Flush- 
ing, Long Island, in 1760, and died at Goshen December 1, 1834. 
He was a farmer and served as sheriff of Orange, New York, for 
thirteen years (1794 to 1807). He married Bridget Mathews. 

Thomas of Goshen was the father of Thomas Cornell of Ham- 
burg, New Jersey, who was born at Goshen, February 27, 1793, 
and died December 1, 1834. He also was a farmer. He married 
on September 24, 1823, Emeline, daughter of William and Eliza- 
beth (Edsel) Darrah. Thomas Cornell was the father of William 
Henry, born at Hamburg, New Jersey, August 26, 1831, and died 



WILLIAM DARRAH WATERS 317 

in St. Louis, Missouri, January 21, 1892. He married on June 21, 
1855, Sarah G. Palmer, who was born August 8, 1837. Of the chil- 
dren of this marriage William Darrah Waters, the subject of this 
sketch, is the only survivor. 

As will appear from this record, William Darrah Waters is 
in the eighth generation from Anthony Waters, the immigrant. 
The Waters family, authorities aver, is of royal origin. Be that 
as it may, this much is certainly true. The family was settled 
in Cheshire on the Welsh border and Caerinarthenshire, over the 
border in Wales. This does not mean that it was of Welsh origin, 
for it was not, many English families settled in the border coun- 
ties having become domiciled as to some of their branches in the 
adjoining counties of Wales. The family name is derived from 
the Anglo-Saxon, Walder, Walter, or W T ealdhere, which is the 
oldest form. It meant a ruler-w T arrier. 

The Coat of Arms dates from the time of Kichard III when 
the John Waters of that day was York Herald, and is as follows : 

Sable on a fesse wavy argent between three swans of the 
second two bars wavy azure. 

Crest: A demi griffin azure. 



PETER BRYCE BEARD 

ONE of the most interesting phases of our American life is 
found in the variety of occupations represented by the 
men who are really the makers of the country. They 
range through every class of business interests, through 
all the professions from the Supreme Court Judge to that of 
day laborer, representing every degree of learning and every 
gradation of ability. 

A fine exponent of this feature of our national life is Peter 
Bryce Beard, of Salisbury, North Carolina, whose business life 
has been that of a traveling salesman. This occupation in itself is, 
to a certain extent, a handicap to the man who wants to be active 
in the work of good citizenship, for its duties keep him away from 
his home the greater part of the time. On the other hand, he has 
been the strongest connecting link between our different States 
and different sections of the same State. The traveling man has 
constantly grown in public esteem during the last fifty years, and 
now occupies a place in our business economy so important that 
his sudden wholesale removal would dislocate the entire business 
of the country. To-day, measured by the standards of character 
and ability, our commercial travelers rank on a level with the 
best men in the country. 

Peter B. Beard was born July 20, 1858, in the town where his 
residence now is. His parents were Captain John and Ellen 
(Bryce) Beard ; his family one that has been identified with Salis- 
bury for one hundred and sixty-two years. His great-great-grand- 
father, John Lewis Beard, came from Pennsylvania to Salisbury 
in 1753 as the very first settler. He was German born, as were 
almost all the early settlers who came to lower Kowan and Cabar- 
rus Counties, and who consequently received the title of "Penn- 
sylvania Dutch" from their previous residence in Pennsylvania. 
John Lewis Beard lived only a short time in that State, during 
which time he married his wife, a Miss Snapp. He was natural- 
ized in 1755, two years after moving to Salisbury. From the very 
beginning he was an active and interested citizen of his adopted 
country. He settled on a farm on Crane Creek, not far from the 
town of Salisbury, where a few years later he took up his resi- 
dence and became one of the prominent men of the community. His 
house was used as headquarters by the British forces during the 
Revolution. 

In 1768 he lost a much-loved daughter, and that her grave 

[318] 



AS! 

Tit 



PETER BRYCE BEARD 321 

might remain always undisturbed, he conveyed the title to a 
lot of 140 square poles, on which she was buried, to certain 
trustees of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. The little log 
house built on this site, whose use as a house of worship was 
freely granted to congregations of other creeds, was the first 
Lutheran Church in western North Carolina, and the foundation 
of the present large Lutheran community. 

Another interesting incident was John Lewis Beard's build- 
ing of the so-called "Locke Bridge'' spanning the Yadkin Kiver. 
This he erected at his own expense at a cost of f 30,000. The pres- 
ent toll bridge rests on the same piers. 

The Beards proved themselves true citizens in war as well 
as in peace. John Lewis Beard's name was one of the twenty- 
five on the Committee of Safety, a pre-Kevolutionary organiza- 
tion of the County's most honored men, establishing and defend- 
ing the rights of citizens, and enforcing its own standard of 
patriotism. 

John Beard, son of John Lewis Beard, followed worthily in 
the path of his father. He served in the Revolutionary War, and 
must have been a man of prominence, for when General Washing- 
ton was making his tour of the Southern States in 1791, he was 
met at Charlotte, North Carolina, by John Beard, Captain of the 
Rowan Light Horse, who escorted him from that place to Salis- 
bury. The sword that Captain John Beard carried on that occa- 
sion is now a treasured possession of Peter Bryce Beard. 
Another more important memorial to Captain John Beard is the 
fact that the land on which St. Luke's Episcopal Church now 
stands was his gift to the congregation of his day. His son, Hor- 
ace Beard, was prominent in the political affairs of his genera- 
tion. His grandson, John Beard, father of Peter B. Beard, served 
through the Civil War as Captain of Company "C," Fifty-seventh 
North Carolina Regiment. His military record was of the most 
creditable character, as shown in Clark's "History of North 
Carolina Regiments." 

Upon his return from the army Captain John Beard took a 
very active interest in political affairs, and in the matter of pre- 
serving the history of the Confederate soldiers. He reached the 
ripe age of eighty-two, and passed away greatly respected and 
honored by the citizens of the County in which his long life had 
been spent. Captain John Beard's wife, as her name indicates, 
was of Scotch extraction, and the Bryce family has in our own 
generation been represented by Viscount James Bryce, a former 
Ambassador of Great Britain to the United States, one of the 
ablest men of our time and one of the most widely known in the 
world. 

Mr. Beard's uncle, Dr. Peter Bryce, for whom he was named, 
was for twenty-four years superintendent of the State Asylum 



322 PETER BRYCB BEARD 

at Tuscaloosa, Alabama. His success in the management of this 
asylum, where he handled both white and colored people on the 
same farm, was so great that after his death the asylum became 
known as the Bryce Asylum. 

Peter Bryce Beard, of Salisbury, notwithstanding his dis- 
tinguished ancestry and the broad acres of the former Beards, has 
had his own way to make. Dishonest guardians during his father's 
minority made away with a part of the estates, and later the 
Civil War, with the poverty it brought in its train, swept away 
the rest. 

Mr. Beard received little more than a grammar school educa- 
tion in private schools of his native town, and arriving at man- 
hood became a traveling salesman, which has been his occupation 
for thirty-eight years. In these years he has represented one of 
the largest concerns in the country. No man making a profession 
of selling is better known in his territory, and no man is more 
highly respected than Peter B. Beard. He has made a success of 
his business operations, for early in life he determined to save at 
least a part of his income, and he states that the first money he 
ever saved was through a building and loan association, the defi- 
nite purpose of which was to cancel a mortgage on his father's 
farm. Later he divided this farm equally with his four sisters, 
taking no personal advantage for the assistance which he had 
rendered. Since that early saving he has been an investor in real 
estate and bank stocks, all of which investments have proven 
successful and gained for him a substantial capital. Among his 
latest acquirements has been the Colonial Theatre building in 
Salisbury. He is Vice-President of the Davis and Wiley Bank, 
and chairman of its Finance Committee. He is a Director 
in the Salisbury Cotton Mills, President of the Salisbury Library 
Association, and Vice-President of the State Good Koads Asso- 
ciation. He is a member of all the Masonic bodies, and a past 
exalted ruler of the Elks' Lodge No. 699. His religious affiliation 
is with St. Luke's Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Beard was married on October 22, 1890, to Pauline 
Parker, a native of Salisbury, and a daughter of Alexander and 
Sue (Price) Parker. Of this marriage there is one son, Bryce 
Parker Beard, who is a graduate of Horner's Military School, 
was chief marshal, and as captain won the colors for his com- 
pany. While at the University of North Carolina he was elected 
president of the freshman class. He then took a business course, 
and is now following in his father's footsteps as a traveling 
salesman. 

Mr. Beard's contribution to his community in the way of 
public service has been continuous and important. For four 
years he was chairman of the Board of County Commissioners, 
and during that period succeeded in erecting the new court house 



PETER BRYCB BEARD 323 

in Salisbury, a building which speaks well for the County, and 
is said to be the best and most convenient court house building 
in the South. 

There are curious coincidences connected with the building 
of Rowan County Court Houses. The first one, a little frame 
building twenty by forty feet, was built in 1753. The next, dat- 
ing back to 1800, was built of brick, and measured forty by 
seventy feet. After fifty years of use it was replaced by a third, 
(now the Stately Community Center.) Finally, in 1912, arose 
the splendid building of to-day. In each case the people of the 
County violently and bitterly opposed the new building as an 
unnecessary expense, and in each case they emphasized their 
disapproval of the building by relegating the Commissioners to 
private life after the expiration of their term of office. Apprecia- 
tion of their work has come slowly later. Mr. Beard's case has 
been no exception. The usual result followed ; the Commissioners 
were defeated for re-election, but Rowan County has the finest 
court house in the South, and her people are very proud of it. 
The pioneer and the true developer are two men whose work is 
seldom appreciated at full value until later years show its 
wisdom. 

Mr. Beard's work in matters of public welfare has been 
touched upon in the court house matter. As County Commis- 
sioner he has rendered other important service. He has built 
the bridge across the Yadkin River connecting Rowan and David- 
son Counties, a strictly modern stmcture, and the first free 
bridge in the County. The old marriage bonds, many written in 
German, some dating back as far as 1758, and all fragile with 
age, were legibly transcribed into a special book, and indexed for 
convenient reference, at his direction. He is also one of the 
fathers of the good roads movement in North Carolina. This 
movement, which in the last ten years has assumed immense 
proportions all over the country, has been participated in by the 
very best men in the country, the most farseeing men, the men 
who realize that some of the most difficult problems connected 
with our economic life can be forwarded to their solution by the 
creation of a system of good roads. They realize that these roads 
will facilitate not only the marketing of crops, but will be an im- 
portant factor in the cheapening of the cost of production, and 
that the cost will be repaid many times over by the increased 
prosperity of the whole community. 

Mr. Beard's interest in this good roads movement and in 
other public matters has been so great that not only has he been 
an organizer, but also he has been constantly commissioned by 
the Governors of his State to represent North Carolina at various 
important gatherings. Under date of September 7, 1911, Gover- 
nor Kitchin commissioned him as a delegate to the Cotton Grow- 



324 PETER BRYCE BEARD 

ers' Conference at Montgomery, Alabama. On March 18, 1912, he 
was commissioned a delegate to the Southern Appalachian Good 
Roads Association to meet at Spartanburg, South Carolina.- 
August 15, 1912, he was commissioned a Delegate to the American 
Road Congress at Atlantic City. Governor Craig succeeded Gov- 
ernor Kitchin, and we find his commission of Mr. Beard as a dele- 
gate to the National Drainage Congress to be held in St. Louis, 
Missouri, April 10, and 12, 1913. Then follows a commission of the 
19th of August, 1913, to the National Conservation Congress to be 
held in Knoxville, Tennessee. Next is a commission as a delegate 
to the American Road Congress at Detroit, Michigan, in the Fall 
of 1913. Another appointment was received, this time to the 
Southern Appalachian Good Roads Association at Asheville, 
North Carolina, October, 1913. Then, on August 27, 1914, Gov- 
ernor Craig sent an earnest appeal to Mr. Beard asking him to 
take part in a conference of representative business men to be 
held in Raleigh on September 1 to see if any measures could be 
devised to prevent the sacrifice of the cotton crop. A third 
appointment to the Appalachian Good Roads Association at Bris- 
tol, Virginia, on October 6, and 9, 1914, is the most recent. 

The preceding accounts illustrate two facts : First, that Mr. 
Beard has, by ready and faithful service, deservedly acquired the 
reputation of a good citizen. Second, that he does not become 
weary in well doing. Many men under the enthusiastic impulse 
of the moment volunteer for public service and then fall by the 
wayside. Peter B. Beard has enlisted in the army of progress, 
and declines no call that spells betterment for the people of North 
Carolina. He has lived up to the best traditions of a family 
which, for one hundred and sixty years, has been rendering loyal 
service to the State. 




LF 




THOM/\S STOWERS DAVENPORT COV1NGTON 



THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT COVINGTON 

THE Covington family has made excellent history in Amer- 
ica. It is now represented in the States of Maryland, 
Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia and Florida. The fam- 
ily settled on the Eastern Shore of Maryland is probably 
the oldest in point of time in this country, for Thomas Covington, 
of Kent County, was a church warden as early as 1705. This 
family has been represented by a number of strong men, three 
of whom have been members of the Federal Congress at different 
times, one being at the present day a Democratic party leader in 
his State, and yet another, General Leonard Covington, one of the 
most gallant soldiers of the War of 1812. General Leonard 
Covington was killed at the battle of Chrysler's Field in 1813, 
but his memory is honored and preserved by several towns in 
different States. 

In Virginia and North Carolina the Covingtons have been 
distinguished citizens. In Georgia to-day one of the ablest men 
of the State is Judge William Covington of Moultrie. In Florida 
the great Covington Company at Jacksonville is a monument to 
the mercantile sagacity of descendants of the North Carolina 
family who settled in Florida. The family name is said to have 
been known at an early date in Scotland under the form of Coven- 
ton, but it seems reasonably certain that the American Coving- 
tons came from Hampshire, England, where the English family 
of that name was domiciled. 

The particular Covington family with which this sketch deals 
seems to have had no connection with any of the others men- 
tioned. Thomas S. D. Covington was born March 21, 1814, and 
died January 12, 1873. He was the grandson of the founder of 
this branch of the family. According to the accounts preserved 
by members of this family, it was founded in America about 
1795 by Thomas Covington, said to have been a member of the 
English nobility and generally spoken of as Lord Thomas Cov- 
ington. Addicted to a wandering life, though a man then of 
middle age, he returned from one of his long expeditions abroad 
to his home in England to find that his wife and only daughter 
had died from some epidemic. Accompanying him on that expe- 
dition there were his three sons and a half brother, and they 
had thus escaped the disease. His home having been made des- 
olate, and owning his own pleasure craft, he decided to visit 
America and see if he could find a spot that would appeal to 

[327 ] 



328 THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT COVINGTON 

him for the making of a new home. He first went to New York. 
Later he started for Washington, but during a severe storm in 
seeking for a safe harbor he was driven into the mouth of the 
Great Wicomico Kiver. He caught sight of some trees that 
capped a high point then known as Spicer's Hill, where was main- 
tained a w^ayside inn. Attracted by the situation he examined it, 
liked it and found that five hundred acres could be bought. He 
returned to his English home, which he sold, and returned, bring- 
ing with him his three sons, his half-brother and the sons' tutor, 
with ample material for the building of a roomy house. The old 
inn which had appealed to him had been a landmark for many 
years. The country was devoted to the growing of grain and 
grass and the grazing of stock. The main crop, however, was 
tobacco. The fanners, on their way to market their tobacco, after 
selling it at the port, would spend the night at Spicer's Inn, only 
a short distance away, and then return to their inland homes. 
Thomas Covington built his new home near the bay, which was 
then in full view. The sons grew to manhood, and two of them 
decided to try their fortunes elsewhere, one settling in Maryland 
and the other in Mississippi. The home place was given to his 
son Thomas, who remained with the father. To the other two 
sons an equal value in money and other personal property was 
given. 

Thomas Lord Covington died in 1805 at the age of sixty. 
His remains were taken to his old English home for burial. His 
son Thomas in 1810 or 1811 married a Westmoreland County 
lady, Mary Stowers. She was one of two sisters, the other 
sister marrying a Mr. Kice. The old Stowers home is owned by 
Thomas Kice a great-grandson of Mrs. Kice. 

The English help which the first Thomas Covington had 
brought with him had mostly all returned to England after 
his death, so that the slaves owned by Mary Stowers Covington, 
and which she brought to her new home, were a welcome addition 
to its equipment. At the outbreak of the War of 1812 Thomas 
Covington promptly joined the American Army in defense of his 
adopted home. The British, by reason of their naval superiority, 
would land on the coasts and commit depredations in the nearby 
country, carrying off stock, provisions and other personal prop- 
erty that was of value. The ships would sail up and down the 
coast, and, when signaled, would take the troops and plunder 
on board. Mrs. Covington was a resolute woman. She had 
watched the signals so that at any time the opportunity came 
she might assist in their capture. The soldiers on the land had 
taken off silver, china and other personal property, which was 
of value, and which had associations connected with it that 
made her reluctant to lose it. One day, early in the morning, the 
British, stacking their guns in the yard and taking the wagons, 



THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT COVINGTON 329 

left in search of more plunder. Mrs. Covington had learned 
that her cousin, Colonel Hungerford, was at Heathsville on the 
lookout for these raiders; she had some of the corn removed 
from the corn house, the arms and ammunition placed therein 
and the corn replaced. Then, sending away the overseer and 
all the hands except one old man who had been her father's body 
servant, she wrote a note to Colonel Hungerford, sending it by 
old Sam, telling him that her life was in his hands, to go as 
rapidly as he could and to return to her after giving the note 
to Colonel Hungerford, which ran thus: 

"Colonel Hungerford, 
Come. 

Mary Covington.' 7 

The old servant Sam arrived at the Covington home in ad- 
vance of Colonel Hungerford and the troops. He was therefore 
the first to reach Mrs. Covington. He found her bound to a 
tree surrounded by burning fagots and immediately essayed to 
scatter the burning wood. Colonel Hungerford found on reach- 
ing them that both had fainted, Sam's hands being burned by 
his efforts to extinguish the fire. The raiders were captured and 
taken inland, the ship returned, the signal was made, and, as 
the eight barges came ashore, they were captured, after which 
the ship was boarded, everything of value taken off, and the 
ship burnt. For the remainder of the war a guard of soldiers 
were stationed at the Covington home. 

Many, many years after this, the writer of this incident met 
a very old man in the Valley of Virginia who gave her the above 
story just as she had often heard it from her father, and the 
old negro slaves who were boys and girls when it occurred. They 
delighted in telling her the story over and over again when she 
visited them in their cabins. 

The second Thomas Coviugton died in 1819, not over forty 
vears of age. His wife only survived him some five or six years, 
dying in 1824 or 1825. 

Thomas Stowers Davenport, the third Thomas, the only child 
of this marriage, was thus left an orphan at not more than ten 
years of age. The farm was managed by the overseer and 
servants. Young Thomas was sent by his relatives in Fauquier, 
to Professor Tackett's Male School, where he remained several 
vears. Later he attended Northumberland Academv near Heaths- 

*/ V 

ville, which was at that time one of the most superior schools in 
the country, conducted by Professor Joseph Davice, a Westmore- 
land man, afterwards President of Wesleyan Institute, Murfrees- 
boro, North Carolina. 

A daughter of Mr. Covington, Mary Sue Covington, received 
a part of her school training at the hands of this same teacher. 
After leaving the academy, Thomas Stowers Covington married 



330 THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT COVINGTON 

Jane Conway, of Northumberland. She, with her infant daugh- 
ter, died a few years later. He married, secondly, Ann Eliza 
Taylor, daughter of Colonel Thorogood Taylor of White Stone, 
Lancaster County, Virginia. 

The old historic home had changed its name since the adven- 
ture with the British, and came to be known as Surprise Hill. 
After a few years on the farm Mr. Covington decided to study 
for the ministry. He entered the Virginia Conference of the 
Methodist Church, and was a traveling preacher for nine years. 
His wife, Ann Eliza, having died and his health failing him, he 
returned to his old home at Surprise Hill. Of his second mar- 
riage there were seven children : Mary ; Susan, who married 
Doctor Samuel Field of Baltimore, and who died in 1895 leav- 
ing no children ; Olivia Ellen, educated in Hampton and Freder- 
icksburg, who married Doctor J. W. Tankard, and still survives, 
a widow without children, their only child having died in in- 
fancy ; Thomas, Jr. ; Stowers John, who died in infancy ; and Ida 
Kate, educated at the Wesleyan Female College and Wilmington 
College, who died the summer after having graduated with dis- 
tinction in July, 1873. Mrs. Tankard is the only survivor of 
this family of seven children. In 1860 Mr. Covington married his 
third wife, Mrs. Sallie Ann Rudd, nee Jett. Of this marriage 
two sons were born : Doctor Thomas Stowers Davenport Coving- 
ton, Jr., educated in Baltimore and a dental surgeon with no 
children but an adopted son; and Charles Jett Covington, edu- 
cated by private tutors, who married and has three children: 
Lou Field Covington, educated at Blackstone Female Institution, 
an accomplished and successful teacher, and principal of one of 
the public schools in Norfolk ; Mary Jennette Covington, educated 
at the Reedville High School, who married Mr. Pratt Hayne, 
of Fleeton, Virginia; and Willie Tankard Covington, an in- 
telligent youth of seventeen, attending the Reedville High School, 
who stands high in all of his classes. He served as a page in the 
Virginia Legislature in 1909 and 1910, and was a page at the 
Baltimore Democratic Convention in 1912 under appointment 
from Governor Mann. 

During the Civil War the troops raised in that section of 
the State were camped and drilled on Surprise Hill, and all the 
Northern troops in that section camped on the Hill, because, 
being one hundred and twenty feet above tide water, they could 
easily signal the steamers either for landing or taking off troops. 
Thomas S. D. Covington served as captain of home guards in 
that war. He captured a steamer on the Wicornico River, took 
off the ammunition and everything of value, burned the steamer 
and took the provisions to Richmond. He served also as a dis- 
patch bearer, taking the dispatches which came through the 
blockade on to Richmond. He was the soldiers' friend, the pro- 



THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT COVINGTON 331 

tector, and often provider for the soldiers' families, the widows 
and orphans. Some of his slaves remained on the farm during 
the war, and after the struggle he gave them homes. A number, 
however, left one night and crossed the Potomac to Point Look- 
out. The majority of these died within the year from exposure 
and lack of food. The few who survived gladly returned to the 
old home after the war. The old home is now owned by Mrs. 
Olivia Tankard and Charles Covington, the other heirs, Mrs. 
Field, who lived in Baltimore and Doctor T. S. D. Covington, 
who lives at Lillian, both having sold their interests because of 
residing elsewhere. 

Thomas S. D. Covington was an intelligent man, highly 
esteemed in his county, noted for his charity, and hospitality and 
devoted to his family, his church and his State. 

Of the five generations of Covingtons who have lived on Sur- 
prise Hill not one was ever guilty of any infraction of the law, 
none were ever dissipated and all may be properly described as 
model citizens. 



LUCAN IRENE DOBIE 

DOBBIE, or Dobie (as it is commonly spelled), is an old 
Scotch name which genealogists tell us was derived from 
the given name of Robert. It will be remembered that un- 
til the twelfth century, only personal names, or, as we call 
them, given names, were used. The name Robert was by the 
Scotch used as a nickname in the form of Dobbie or Dobie; and 
by the English in the form of Bob. When men began to take 
surnames, many of these familiar nicknames came in use, 
and thus we find the English family of Bobbs, derived from Rob- 
ert, and the Scottish family of Dobie from the same name. The 
Dobies were evidently people of consequence in Scotland, for they 
were classed among the gentry. 

The family has never been numerously represented in Amer- 
ica, but at least one family came to Virginia, probably just prior 
to the Revolutionary War, for one Dobie served in the Revolu- 
tionary State Navy, his given name being left blank on the rec- 
ords. Samuel Dobie, and Ann, his wife, were residents of Rich- 
mond in 1782. He was a chemist by profession and a slave owner 
and was at that time fifty- two years of age. In the same year, 
Nathaniel Dobie was returned as being a resident of Sussex 
County and was also a slave owner. 

A representative of this scarce family name, who is now a 
very prominent citizen of Emporia, Greenesville County, is Lucan 
Irene Dobie, born in Sussex County, Virginia, about four miles 
from the court house, in April, 1861, son of John Smith and Mary 
E. (Briggs) Dobie. Mr. Dobie's grandfather was William Dobie, 
who lived in Sussex Counts', and had two sons : John Smith Dobie 

/ / 

and Richard Latimore Dobie. William Dobie was probably the 
son either of Nathaniel or Samuel, as these appear to have been 
the only two men of the name in Virginia at the time he was 
born. Of William Dobie's two sons, the younger, Richard Lati- 
more Dobie, was twice married. Richard Augustus Dobie, of 
Norfolk, Virginia, present Superintendent of Public Schools in 
that city, was the second son of Richard Latimore Dobie by his 
first marriage. Louis Taylor Dobie, also of Norfolk, engaged in 
the insurance business, was the only son by the second marriage 
of his father with India B. Taylor, a most accomplished lady, 
daughter of William D. Taylor, a leading merchant and land 
owner of his day, who lived at Comans Well, a village in Sussex 
County, Virginia, four miles southwest of the court house. 

[ 332] 



. 

ASTOR, LENOX 
T I L D E N 'ON 9 



LUCAN IRENE DOBIE 335 



For many years Richard L. Dobie was one of the leading citi- 
zens of Sussex County, filling the offices of sheriff and treasurer 
and other positions of importance and trust many times- 
always with honor and credit to himself, and to the advantage 
of the public. He was a leader in the Baptist Church and most 
highly esteemed by the people of his day. 

The elder son of William Dobie, John Smith Dobie, spent his 
entire life in Sussex County; and reared, by his marriage with 
Mary E. Briggs a family of seven sons and two daughters. 
The oldest of these, John W. Dobie, married Miss Amanda Moore. 
He was a Confederate soldier and was mortally wounded in the 
last day's battle of the desperate struggle at Sailors Creek, Vir- 
ginia, in 1863. His remains were never recovered and were prob- 
ablv buried with the unknown dead on the field. 

j 

The second child, Joseph H. Dobie, graduated from Ran- 
dolph-Macon College with honor and distinction. He had been 
teaching school several years prior to the outbreak of the War, 
when he entered the Virginia Cavalry and served the full four 
years, returning home without injury. He was honored by his 
people with the position of Clerk of the Court of Sussex County, 
which office he held for nearly eighteen years. He married Anne 
K. Cocke, the accomplished daughter of Judge Charles L. Cocke, 
of Sussex County, Virginia. Joseph H. Dobie, a man of large 
means, was of high personal character and reputation, and was 
one of the influential men of his section. His widow yet lives 
near Sussex Court House, with her two daughters: Mary and 
Laura Dobie. 

The third child of John Smith Dobie was Almonte Theophi- 
lus Dobie, a graduate of Randolph-Macon College and also a 
school teacher. He served througli the war with his brother, 
Joseph H. Dobie, in the Virginia Cavalry, and, returning from 
the army, resumed his occupation of teaching. He married Mrs. 
Susie F. Greene, widow of the late Dr. James W. Greene. He 
and his wife are both deceased. 

The fourth child, Rosa A. Dobie, like her brothers and sis- 
ters, was well educated. She married Mr. Romulus Magee, a 
leading farmer of Sussex County. She and her husband have 
both died, leaving no children. 

The fifth child, Adis E. Dobie, served as a soldier for the last 
two years of the Civil War. He was engaged in the last battle 
of the Army of Northern Virginia in that disastrous retreat from 
Sailors Creek, near Richmond. He married Anna Clements, 
daughter of John Clements, a prominent farmer of Sussex 
County. He has passed away, but is survived by his widow and 
their only child, May Dobie, now Mrs. J. W. White. 

The next child is Lucan Irene Dobie, the subject of this 
sketch. Arriving at manhood, he engaged actively in business. 



336 LUCAN IRENE DOBIE 

meeting with a most abundant measure of success in his under- 
takings, and greatly prospering in his native County which he 
left in the winter of 1905 to settle in Emporia where he has 
since resided. He married, in Isle of Wight County, Nora Lee 
Moody. Mr. and Mrs. Dobie have one son, Otis P. Dobie. Lucan 
I. Dobie is counted in his community as one of the best business 
men of Greeneville County. He is a large holder of real and per- 
sonal property in both Sussex and Greeneville Counties, a direc- 
tor of the First National Bank of Emporia, and is largely inter- 
ested in the Equitable Life Insurance Company of New York 
City, which ranks as one of the leading insurance companies of 
the world. He is a member of the Methodist Church. While a 
most unassuming man in every way, democratic in habit, thought 
and action, he yet wields a strong influence due to his sound 
judgment and sterling character. Mr. Dobie is the sixth child 
of this remarkable family. 

The seventh child, Richard Mason Dobie, lived in Sussex 
County. He died July 12, 1914, honored and respected. A 
capable and good business man; he accumulated a fine estate, 
w r as highly esteemed in his community, a member of the Meth- 
odist Church and unmarried. 

The eighth of the family w r as Samuel D. Dobie, who married 
first, Eugenia J. Moody, and of this marriage there is a son, 
Samuel M. Dobie, of Petersburg, and a daughter who is a school 
teacher in the city of Norfolk. He married, secondly, Gracie E. 
Hood, who died in 1911. The only child of this marriage is 
Frank, who lives with his aunt, Mrs. L. M. Lee, in Richmond. 

Meda Briggs Dobie is the ninth and youngest child of John 
S. Dobie. She married James S. Davis, of Isle of Wight County. 
Mr. and Mrs. Davis are both living at their residence in Isle of 
Wight County, where they are highly respected. 

It is seldom that one finds so large a family as this in which 
every member, sons and daughters, have proved to be such useful 
citizens. It is evident that John Smith Dobie and his wife were 
people not only of sterling worth, but of much force of character. 
That they were wise in the training of their children is certain 
and they are entitled to much honor for so great a service. 

Lucan I. Dobie is justly proud of the splendid family of 
which he is a member, and to his credit be it said he has done his 
full share in sustaining the high standard which seems to regu- 
late the conduct of the entire generation of his family. 

The Dobie Coat of Arms is described as follows : 

"Argent, a helmet azure between three crosses crosslet fitchee 
ules. 

"Crest : An eagle displayed proper. 

"Motto : Non minima sed magno prosequor." 



g 



ION* 



JOHN GUTHRIE HOPKINS 

THERE is no nook or corner in the wide world where we 
cannot find the thrifty, enterprising and capable Scotch- 
man. The Englishman is considered the greatest colon- 
izer, yet the Scotchman is perhaps even bolder and more 
enterprising. The Scotchman often goes far afield single-handed, 
and, like "Harry of the Wynd," plays the game for his own hand. 
No small people, numbers considered, in the world, have ever con- 
tributed more to its advancement than the virile race sprung 
from the rugged hills and harsh climate of Scotland. 

One of these Scotchmen born, now leading the life of a quiet 
Virginia gentleman, is John Guthrie Hopkins, of Greenwood, who 
was born near Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland, son of Robert and 
Agnes (Cuthbertson) Hopkins. Robert Hopkins was a farmer, 
and though a Scotchman, was not of an original Scotch family. 
There are three lines of the Hopkins families, one Anglo-Saxon, 
one Norman, one Welsh. A family of "Hopkin" lived in Glamor- 
ganshire and the will of "Howell ap Hopkin," whose estate had 
the unpronounceable Welsh name of "Llanfihangle Ystern Llew- 
ern," was probated in 1600. His son adopted the English form of 
the name "Hopkins." There is no trace in the old Scottish record 
of the name of Hopkins, from which it is quite evident that the 
branch of the family to which John G. Hopkins belongs had 
migrated across the border from England and settled in Ayrshire, 
which is one of the counties bordering upon England. 

The English families show, in the Cyclopaedia of that coun- 
try, a number of distinguished men of the name in various cen- 
turies; and the American families show even a larger number of 
men of this name who have achieved distinction in our country. 
The celebrated Dr. Mark Hopkins is believed by some to have 
been descended from a member of the family which had settled 
in Scotland. The Hopkins families of England are armigerous. 
Mr. Hopkins' maternal line is purely Scotch, and very ancient. 

In his early youth, Mr. Hopkins attended the common schools 
of Scotland, but in 1868 his father emigrated to the United 
States, settling in Chicago, and the lad attended the public 
schools in that city. He completed his education in the night 
schools, and justly looks back with pride to the fact that he 
paid for what he got with his own earnings. He remained in 
Chicago until 1881, when he went to Kansas City, and from 
Kansas City, in 1884, he went to Colorado, having become iden- 

[339] 



340 JOHN GUTHRIE HOPKINS 

tified with the cattle business. From Colorado, in 1888, he went 
to Arizona, where he became interested in copper mining. Mr. 
Hopkins is evidently a modest man, for he says that he was fairly 
successful, and retired from active business in 1898, when, as a 
matter of fact, he was enormously successful during his active 
business career, which covered a period of not more than twenty 
years. During these years he was a cattle rancher in Colorado, 
a railroad man identified with the Union Pacific Land Depart- 
ment, and a leading director of the Arizona Copper Company, 
Ltd., of Edinburgh, Scotland. For some years he was also iden- 
tified with a number of other enterprises in some official capacity, 
but finding it inconvenient to attend meetings, he has resigned 
all these official positions, and is now living quietly on his estate 
of "Tiverton," near Greenwood. He first came to Virginia in 
1898, locating near Esmont, Albernarle County. He then pur- 
chased a large estate in Loudoun County, which he still owns and 
later made his home where he now resides, in one of the most 
beautiful sections of Piedmont, Virginia. 

Mr. Hopkins is evidently a wise man having acquired a 
handsome estate, he retired when in the prime of life to enjoy 
the results of his intelligence and labor. It may be that his 
Scotch blood is entitled to the credit for this, because we are 
compelled to admit, even if somewhat sorrowfully, that most 
Americans would have continued to increase their fortune. 

Mr. Hopkins' political leanings are toward the Eepublican 
party, but he has never been active in a political way, never held 
any office nor had any desire to do so. He holds membership in 
the Union League Club and the Rocky Mountain Club, both of 
New York City, also in the Westmoreland Club, Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. Not identified with any church as a member, he usually 
attends the Episcopal Church. He frankly admits that his chief 
pleasure lies in reading, mainly history or historical matter, and 
that he is partial both to ancient and modern history. His opin- 
ions upon business, in view of his own pronounced ability as a 
business man, are worthy of attention, and he sums these up in 
one line. He believes that the best interests of the country to-day 
can be greatly promoted "by giving our railroad and business in- 
terests generally greater advantages." 

He was married in Trinidad, Colorado, on December 29, 
1885, to Minnie Elizabeth Enos, of Berlin, Wisconsin, daughter 
of Heman Perley Enos and Mary Louise (Capron) Enos both 
natives of Addison County, Vermont. The only child of this 
marriage is John Guthrie Hopkins, Jr., now receiving private 
tuition, but who expects to complete his education at Yale Uni- 
versity. 

Mrs. Hopkins comes from an old Vermont family, which was 
represented by Colonel Roger Enos in the Revolutionary War, 



JOHN GUTHRIE HOPKINS 341 

and later members of this family were among the pioneer settlers 
of Sangamon County, Illinois. It has not multiplied so greatly as 
a majority of the New England families have, but it has been iden- 
tified with the United States since the early Colonial period. 

The armorial bearings of the family of Hopkins, of Origin 
County Lincoln, England, is as follows : 

Azure: On a chevron argent, between three estoiles or as 
many lozenges gules all within a bordure of the third. 

Crest : A demi lion rampant sable, armed and incensed gules. 

The arms of some branches of the Hopkiuson family are 
similar, showing the same origin. 




ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 

BBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, as his name clearly indicates, 
is descended from a long line of illustrious forbears. He 
has the good fortune, like many of our splendid American 
citizens, to be of mixed descent English, Irish and 
Welsh. And as the blending of races enriches the life and en- 
larges the sympathies of a nation, so also does it make for the 
highest type of citizenship; for some possess more energy and 
practical insight, and others have more loyalty, more spontaneity, 
more imagination, and a keener appreciation of the artistic. 
Therefore the fusion of English, Irish and Welsh produces a 
happy combination of characteristics. From the English strain 
comes poise, financial ability, and an indomitable consciousness 
of being born to command and possess ; from the Irish, vivacity, 
capacity for sacrifice, great love of country and kindred; from 
the Welsh, a poetical, reverential religious temperament, a sim- 
plicity of character, plainness of speech and directness of method. 

It is a noteworthy fact that the life of our nation has been 
strengthened at every point of its vitality by the immigration of 
sturdy, stalwart sons from the principality of Wales. As the 
Welshmen have attributes of mind and heart not common to other 
nationalities, all over our land they have labored for morality, 
education and religion. Coming, as they do, from a land of mel- 
ody and song, of poetry and romance, they have brought their 
heritage to us. And to-day we cannot hear, unmoved, a Welsh 
choir render those patriotic strains that stirred their forefathers 
to deeds of valor. 

The honorable Welsh surname Lloyd is apparently not unlike 
that of most of the gentle families of Wales, and names a long 
line of ancestors that extends beyond the dark ages. The first of 
the Lloyd family, of whom there is any positive record, is Hedd, 
or Thedd, Molwynog, who resided at Yr Henllys in the Parish 
and Lordship of Tallyhern. He was Seneschal and nearly akin to 
Prince David ap Owen and was seized in Chief of the Lordship 
above named, with those of Llanfair, Duffryn, Elroy and Nan- 
thraled, still in possession, in part, of some of his descendants. 
This Welsh chief left three sons, from the second of whom, 
Gypllon, descended Muric Llyd of Llyny Maen, living in the sixth 
century, "a Gallant Captain" under the Earl of Arundel. From 
him descended Sir Griffith Lloyd, the first of the name in North 
Wales, and a direct ancestor of the family of Croghan and Baw- 

[342] 






- ASTOR, LENOX 
TILDEN f- - N3 



ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 345 

deswell, and the ancestor of the various branches of the Lloyd 
family. The name Griffith, by the way. according to the records, 
recurs in different branches of the Griffith Lloyd family. The 
father of Abbott Edward Lloyd bore the name of William Grif- 
fith Lloyd. Sir Griffith Lloyd, the progenitor, is recorded as hav- 
ing had the high honor of holding the "golden ewer" at the 
baptism of Edward I, Prince of Wales. Of the same blood comes 
Rhys ap Jenan ap Llewellyn ap Lloyd, esquire of the body to 
Edward IV (as the book of Evan Lloyd Jeffry hath it), who, 
with his cousin Davyd ap Jenkyn, both potent chieftains, acted 
a turbulent part in the Lancastrian wars. Then also there is 
occasion to mention the removal of the Lloyd family to Ros- 
common County, Ireland. The story of this branch of the family 
is as follows: Sir Robert Lloyd of Wiexham, in Denbigshire, "a 
right valorous gentleman," of the sixteenth century, married Ann 
Moustine, or Mostyn, a daughter of that ancient house, now en- 
nobled in the person of the present Lord Mostyn. Sir Robert 
had issue as follows : Thomas Lloyd, Esquire, who married Honor, 
daughter of Robert Price, Esquire. But this lady having married 
against the consent of her friends, Mr. Lloyd was induced to 
remove into the province of Ulster, in Ireland, under the aus- 
pices of his kinsman, the celebrated Sir Ralph Bingley, to whom 
the Crown, in 1003, granted the manors of Strangford and Ard- 
glass, with other lauds in Downshire. On Sir Ralph's death Mr. 
Lloyd removed to the seat of his cousin, Sir Maurrice Gryffyth, at 
Carrick Drumrushe, in the County of Leitrim. There he acquired 
an estate of twelve hundred acres. He settled here not choosing 
to return into Wales, as Mrs. Lloyd's friends continued irrecon- 
cilable. By her he left five sons and three daughters, namely: 
Richard and John, both officers of distinction who perished on the 
field during the Civil Wars of 1641, in Ireland; Owen, successor 
to his father ; William, who married Catharine, daughter of Rev. 
Edward Hawkins, D.D. ; Benjamin, who married a daughter of 
Mr. Reynolds, of the County of Leitrim ; Margaret, who married 
first, Thomas Barton, Esq., ancestor of the Bartons of the Grove, 
County of Tipperary, and of the Bartons of Clonelly, and the 
Waterfoot, in Fermanghshire, and had issue. Secondly, Lieu- 
tenant Peter St. George, nephew of Sir George St. George, of 
Carrick Drumrushe, killed by the Irish in 1641, ancestor of the 
baronets of that name in Ireland, and had issue. And thirdly, 
Lieutenant Robert Drury, of the County of Suffolk, and had 
issue ; Jane, died unmarried ; Elizabeth married Captain Erasmus 
Mathew, of Northamptonshire, and had, with three daughters, 
an only son, John Mathew, Esquire, who married a daughter of 
Sir Francis Gore, baronet, ancestor of the Gores, Earle of 
Arran and Rosse. Mr. Lloyd was succeeded at his death by his 
third, though eldest surviving son, Owen Lloyd, Esquire, a cap- 



346 ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 

tain in the army. He was the first possessor of the Roscommon 
estates, in which county he acquired three thousand acres, and 
married Elizabeth Fitzgerald, granddaughter of Sir Luke Fitz- 
gerald, of Tyroghan, in the County of Kildare, a grandson of the 
illustrious Fitzgerald, Earl of Kildare, direct ancestor of the 
ducal house of Leinster, and of the other noble branches of that 
family. By his marriage with Miss Fitzgerald, Mr. Lloyd left at 
his decease, in the year 1664, three sons and three daughters. 

The particular branch of the Lloyd family to which the sub- 
ject of this sketch belongs has for descendant Edward Lloyd, 
of Roscommon, Ireland, the grandfather of Abbott Edward 
Lloyd. According to the records, Edward Lloyd married Anne 
MacDermott, of County Roscommon. We are indebted to O'Hart, 
who gives in his "Irish Pedigree," the origin of the noted Irish 
family of MacDermott, who possessed immense territory known 
as "MacDermott's County," which included a considerable por- 
tion of the Counties of Roscommon and Sligo, and lesser districts 
in Mayo. The MacDermotts were hereditary marshalls of Con- 
naught, the duties of which position were to raise and regulate 
the military forces, and to prepare them for battle, as com- 
manders in chief; also to preside at the inauguration of the 
O'Connors as Kings of Connaught, and to proclaim their election. 
The MacDermotts derive their descent from Liege of the White 
Steed, King of Connaught in the eleventh century, and are a 
branch of the O'Connors. This Liege had a son named Maolruau- 
aiclh, the progenitor of the MacDermotts, hence their tribe was 
Clan Maolruanaidh or Clan Mulroouey. Diarmaid (-dia: Irish, a 
god, and arrnaid, of arms, signifying a great warrior) the 
grandson of Mulrooney, who died 1165, was the head of the 
clan, and from him they took the name of MacDermott. The 
MacDermitts had their chief fortress at the Rock of Lough Key, 
on an island in Lough Key, near Boyle; and are the only Mile- 
sean family who have preserved their title of Prince, namely 
"Hereditary Prince of Coolavin," a title by which the MacDer- 
mott is to this day recognized in the County Sligo. The prin- 
cipal families of the MacDermotts in Counaught are the MacDer- 
mott of Coolavin and MacDermott Roe of Alderford, in Countv 

/ *> 

Roscommon. 

William Griffith Lloyd, the son of Edward and Anne Mac- 
Dermott, emigrated from Roscommon County, Ireland, to 
America. He left Ireland with a number of others of similar 
political sentiment, and his three brothers, Richard, John and 
Phipps. Richard and John went West to locate. Phipps and 
William Griffith settled in Virginia. It is interesting to note 
that Phipps Lloyd was a medical student and a graduate of the 
University of Virginia, and a surgeon in the United States Army, 
rendering significant service. However, he did not remain in 



ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 347 

the South. He removed to Canada after the war between the 
States, and resumed the practice of medicine and, as is usual 
with the practicing physician, his life was one of service. In 
crossing a lake to pay a professional call he lost his life. 

William Griffith Lloyd, the father of Abbott Edward Lloyd, 
coming from Roscommon County, Ireland, locating in Virginia, 
secured a position in the drug store of Peyton Johnson. Possess- 
ing an ambitious nature, he constantly sought better opportunity. 
He therefore secured a clerkship in the post office department, 
this position serving as a stepping stone to higher things. The 
ambitious boy, when grown to manhood, became part owner and 
manager of the Richmond Examiner, a newspaper of high stand- 
ing. William Griffith Lloyd was a great admirer of Robert Em- 
mett, the Irish orator and patriot. As a citizen of the Common- 
wealth of Virginia he was a steadfast and uncompromising 
defender of her interests. He identified himself with the cause 
of the Confederacy and rendered valiant service as Captain of 
Company F, 15th Virginia Volunteer Infantry. On several occa- 
sions he ran the blockade to Baltimore for medical supplies. His 
services were meritorious and he served the town of his adoption 
in various other capacities besides being on the Governor's Staff. 
He enjoyed the affection and esteem of his fellow-citizens and 
married Elizabeth Drew Abbott, daughter of Josiah Bartlett 
Abbott of "High Meadow,' 7 Henrico County, a native of Connect- 
icut, born January 1, 1793, died September 23, 1849. Josiah 
Bartlett Abbott was a distinguished lawyer and financier. His 
first wife was Elizabeth Henning, the mother of Elizabeth Drew 
Abbott, the mother of the subject of this sketch. Josiah Bartlett 
Abbott married, secondly, Catherine C. Randolph, daughter of 
Henry Randolph of "Warwick," Chesterfield County, Virginia. 
Among the many other activities of Josiah Bartlett Abbott, he 
was a member of the publishing firm of J. W. Randolph. 

As Abbott Edward Lloyd's maternal ancestors, the Abbotts, 
have been so prominent in all walks of life, especially along edu- 
cational and religious lines, it is fitting that a short account of 
this family be incorporated in this sketch. The Abbotts settled 
first in Massachusetts, and among the earlier settlers of that 
colony, between the founding of Plymouth, 1620 and the year 
1650, are found George Abbott, of Andover; George Abbot, of 
Rowley; Thomas Abbot, of Andover, and Arthur Abbot, of Ips- 
wich. Connecticut had her share in Robert Abbot, of Branford, 
and George Abbot, of Norwalk. The Abbott pioneer settlers and 
their descendants have not only multiplied in number but have 
given to the States many of her best citizens, as the following list 
shows: Edward Hale Abbot, lawyer; Francis Ellingwood 
Abbot, author; Frederick Vaughan Abbot, soldier; Henry Lar- 
com Abbot, soldier and engineer; Katherine Gilbert Abbot, artist; 



348 ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 

Willis John Abbot, editor and author; Joe Abbott, lawyer and 
Congressman; Lyman Abbott, clergyman and editor of the Out- 
look; Nathan Abbot, law teacher; Russell Bigelow Abbott, 
founder and President of Albert Lea College; Samuel Warren 
Abbott, M.D., Secretary of Massachusetts State Board of Health. 

Abbott Edward Lloyd, first of the name to settle in North 
Carolina, was born in Richmond, Virginia, February 14, 1857. 
The conditions that existed all over the Southland during this 
lad's boyhood existed in the Lloyd home also. So we find young 
Lloyd carrying his share of the economic burdens of the house- 
hold at the age of eleven. Accordingly he was deprived of the 
advantages of the formal school curriculum, being forced by cir- 
cumstances into the broader school of the world. As he possessed 
a vigorous and inquisitive mind he acquired a vast store of knowl- 
edge by the careful reading of good books and by the habit of 
interrogating friends and acquaintances. Being dependent to a 
large extent on his own exertions he displayed from the start the 
same enterprising spirit, the same obduracy and vehemence of 
will, the same tenacity and continuity of purpose that character- 
izes him in his life to-day. First of all he was a farm boy. And 
no doubt this labor, well performed, made for the upbuilding of 
his character. Only recently, one of our leading child psycholo- 
gists, a man of comfortable means, realizing the advantage of 
farm labor for the growing boy, persuaded his son to take a posi- 
tion of farmhand. The boy wanted to be fit physically. But the 
wise father knew in this wholesome labor there was the upbuild- 
ing of the moral as well as the physical nature. So it is that life 
offers large compensation to those sturdy soldiers who enlist 
early in the ranks of the employed. 

When grown to manhood Abbott Edward Lloyd obtained a 
reliable clerkship in a Richmond drug store. Later he became 
associated with the Watkins-Cottrell Company. His ability for 
business was so marked and his judgment so sound, that he 
naturally became manager of this concern the Robertson-Lloyd 
Company, Durham, North Carolina, a branch of the Watkins- 
Cottrell Company. When the older members of the firm passed 
away, Mr. Lloyd bought the entire business, changing the name 
to A. E. Lloyd and Company. He is the sole owner, and in this 
successful and steadily increasing business the boy's life is epito- 
mized. 

Though Mr. Lloyd's business interests occupy the greater 
part of his time he is active in other useful endeavors. He 
is a director of the Fidelity Bank, serving for several years as 
Vice-President. He has served the Old North State in North 
State Guard, 1898, as second lieutenant of line, captain engineer 
and major engineer. He is also a retired officer of the reserve 
force; Governor Aycock Staff, first commissioned by Governor 



ABBOTT EDWARD LLOYD, SR. 349 

Russell. In political affiliation, Mr. Lloyd is a Democrat and 
votes the Democratic ticket in National and State elections, re- 
serving, however, the privilege of scratching his ticket if a candi- 
date is unworthy. When consulted on this matter, Mr. Lloyd 
says he votes always for the best man in local matters, regardless 
of party. As Mr. Lloyd's talents do not run in political lines he 
does not desire office. 

He is an active member of St. Phillip's Episcopal Church, a 
Sunday-school teacher, vestryman and member of the choir, hav- 
ing served also as Sunday-school librarian. During Mr. Lloyd's 
residence in Richmond he sang at St. James from 1875 to 1883. 
This gift of melody and song is another evidence of Mr. Lloyd's 
Welsh descent. 

On February 9, 1886, in the city of Richmond, Virginia, Mr. 
Lloyd married Lee Lipsconibe, the daughter of Dr. William Lips- 
combe and Virginia Grubbs Lipscombe. Virginia Grubbs was a 
daughter of P. W. Grubbs, a prominent real estate dealer of Rich- 
mond in years gone by. 

Of this union there are the following children who are worth- 
ily upholding the unblemished record of their ancestors : Abbott 
Edward Lloyd, Jr., formerly a student of the city schools, later 
of Horner Military School and Virginia Military Institute, and a 
graduate of the University of North Carolina, taking the degree 
of A.B. ; Orin Cottrell Lloyd, a student of the city schools and 
later of Virginia Military Institute also graduated at the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina with the degree of A.B. ; Elsie Randolph 
Lloyd, who attended the city schools and later St. Mary's, 
Raleigh, North Carolina, and Sweetbriar, Lynchburg, Virginia. 
Abbott Edward Lloyd, Jr., has obtained marked success as a 
traveling salesman, having represented his firm in China for a 
period of five years. Orin Cottrell Lloyd is also a successful 
salesman, having been at one time associate professor of Latin 
and English at the Virginia Military Institute. Elise Randolph 
Lloyd is a teacher in the Durham graded schools. 

The Coat of Arms of the Lloyd family is as follows : 

Arms : Az a lion rampant or. 

Crest: A demi-lion rampant guardant, or, supporting in the 
paws an arrow in pale argent. 

Motto : I live and die for those I love. 



JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY 

JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY, for many years one of the most 
prominent and progressive citizens of Norfolk, Virginia, 
was born in Bertie County, North Carolina, on March 3, 

1845. The maiden name of his mother was Elizabeth Ses- 
soms. She was a great-niece several times removed of Colonel 
Benjamin Wynns, who was famous as a soldier in the War of 
1776-82. Mr. Perry's father was Joseph J. Perry, a successful 
planter, who was valued for his personality wherever he was 
known. 

The family of Mr. Perry is of Scotch-Irish descent, and the 
name appears among those of the early Virginia colonists. It 
is frequently found in Hening's Virginia Statutes; and a 
History of Virginia tells of the coming of the Perrys to the colony 
in 1620. From Virginia various Perrys emigrated to the more 
Southern States. 

One of the earlier members of the Perry family was Sir 
Mica j ah Perry, a noted merchant who served as alderman of the 
city of London in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and 
later became Lord Mayor of London during the reign of William 
and Mary. Sir Micajah Perry was for years the most conspicuous 
English "merchant supplying the Virginia and North Carolina 
colonists and planters with goods of various kinds in exchange 
for tobacco and other products. He was banker and commission 
merchant for these people, and was often made the executor of 
those leaving large estates. The new settlers had unbounded 
confidence in his ability and honesty of character and he was 
frequently sent from England as the duly commissioned agent 
of the crown to advise and negotiate with them. Among the 
largest contributors to the original endowment of William and 
Mary College in Virginia were Micajah Perry, Thomas Lane, and 
Richard Perry. 

There are many distinguished names in the records of this 
family. William Hayner Perry, born in Greenville, South Caro- 
lina, 1837, was a lawyer, soldier in the Confederate Army, mem- 
ber of the State Convention of South Carolina in 1865-6 ; solicitor 
of the Eighth District, 1868-72; member of the State Senate 
from Greenville County, 1880-84 ; and member of Congress in the 
Forty-fifth and Fiftieth sessions as a Democrat. Benjamin Frank 
Perry, born 1805 in Pendleton District, South Carolina, was a 
lawyer and author; State Senator in 1S35; Governor after the 

[ 350] 



LIL 1 






. A3TOR, 
TtLDEN f 



JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY 353 

war; elected United States Senator in 1870, but not allowed to 
take his seat; in 1872, elected to United States House of Repre- 
sentatives, but refused his seat; author of Reminiscences of Public 
Men. Madison S. Perry was Governor of Florida in 1857-64. 
Matthew Galbraith Perry, born in New Jersey, 1794, of a northern 
division of the family, and commodore in the United States 
Navy, distinguished himself highly as an officer in numerous im- 
portant naval conflicts. Everyone, finally, is familiar with the 
name of Oliver Hazard Perry, the brother of the last-mentioned 
naval officer, and the hero who captured the entire English 
squadron in the great battle of Lake Erie. 

Joseph William Perry's early boyhood was spent with his 
parents on their plantation. He inherited much of the energy, 
business tact and skill, Scotch-Irish courage and frankness, great 
benevolence and nobility of heart that so strongly characterized 
his great-grandfather and his early ancestors who first landed 
on American soil. He was a student at the Academy, a school 
of high rank in Harrellsville, Hertford County, North Carolina, 
until 1863. Then, at the age of eighteen, he entered the Con- 
federate Army as a private in Captain Langley Tayloe's Com- 
pany. This company was camped at Bethlehem, Hertford 
County, and later moved to Camp Gatling, near Murfreesboro. 
While at the latter camp, the 68th North Carolina Kegiment was 
organized, with James W. Hinton of Pasquotank as colonel, 
Edward 0. Yellowly of Pitt County, lieutenant-colonel and the 
subject of our sketch, sergeant. Mr. Perry served as sergeant 
in the 68th Regiment until February, 1864, when he was ordered 
by Colonel Hinton to report to Colonel James M. Wynn as adju- 
tant of Wynn's Battalion of Cavalry with the rank of lieutenant. 
He then did service in the Army of Northern Virginia until the 
close of the war. He was a true and gallant soldier, in spite 
of his extreme youth. "No better or braver officer was in our 
army than Adjutant J. W. Perry," says Clark's "Regimental 
History of the North Carolina troops in the Confederate Army," 
Vol. IV, page 368. 

After the conclusion of hostilities between the States, Mr. 
Perry returned to his father's plantation, where he remained 
until, the war clouds partially passing, the doors of schools again 
opened to Southern men. In 1867, having acquired sufficient funds 
by personal effort, he entered Eastman College at Poughkeepsie, 
in New York State. Mr. Perry was president of the Lee Asso- 
ciation, a society formed by Southern students, and vice-president 
of his graduating class. He graduated with distinction, returned 
to North Carolina and settled in Win ton. 

In 1870, to fill a vacancy, he was appointed clerk of the 
Superior Court of Hertford County, North Carolina, by the 
judge of that district. Here he absorbed the legal technique 



354 JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY 

that was to be of great value to him in the wider part he was 
subsequently to play in the world of business and finance. 

On January 2, 1872, Mr. Perry resigned the above position 
and engaged in the mercantile and lumber business, mastering 
the details, as he did of everything he undertook, in a manner 
that years afterwards caused his judgment and opinion in these 
great branches of industry to be highly valued. 

On April 17, 1872, at Barfields, Hertford County, North 
Carolina, Mr. Perry married Miss Mary Harrell Jernigan, daugh- 
ter of Lemuel Koberts Jernigan, and his wife, Mary Jernigan, 
nee Harrell. Of this union three children were born, Lemuel 
Jernigan, who died at the age of seven, and two daughters, Maude 
Stafford (now Mrs. Gilbert Hinton), and Mary Lemuel, who, 
with their mother, survive. 

In 1877 he removed to Norfolk, Virginia. There he formed 
a copartnership with Colonel William D. McGlaughan in the cot- 
ton commission business, under the firm name of McGlaughan & 
Perry. After his first partner's death, Mr. Perry formed the firm 
of Perry & Jernigan, the junior member of which was his brother- 
in-law, Thomas R. Jernigan, who afterward occupied an important 
post in the diplomatic service of the United States, serving in 
Japan under the first Cleveland administration and in China 
under the second. 

Subsequently he incorporated his large and growing business 
under the title of J. W. Perry Company and, despite the tax on 
his time incident to the supervision of one of the most widely 
known cotton houses in the South, Mr. Perry directed his atten- 
tion to other enterprises with great success. From 1880 to 1913 
he was prominently identified with the Citizens' Bank of Norfolk 
of which for nearly twenty years, until the time of his death, he 
was its first vice-president. It was he who was most instru- 
mental in the erection of the stately home of that bank on Main 
Street, the pioneer among Norfolk's handsome modern buildings. 
He also erected the Norfolk Board of Trade Building, and was 
a leader in sundry other large undertakings for the development 
of his adopted city. 

Mr. Perry had the most intense love for the South, and the 
strongest belief in the future of that part of it which formed the 
home of his later life. His daring creative and financial genius 
was devoted to the upbuilding of Norfolk. He was never too 
busy to aid the material and civic development of the city and 
section and in greater degree than is given to most men he lived 
to see the results of his efforts. Norfolk to him was typical of 
the South and he sought to bear a part in the work there which, 
duplicated by like spirits in other sections, would bring the 
whole war stricken South into its full inheritance. Among 
his interests having to do with such development may be men- 



JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY 355 



tioned the American Suburban Corporation, the Norfolk Ware- 
house Corporation, Definite Contract Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation, and the Willoughby Beach Company. He and W. W. 
Chaniberlaine were pioneers in the electric light and power com- 
pany at Norfolk, their plant and franchise having formed the 
basis of Norfolk's present electric system. 

Mr. Perry was president of the Atlantic Hotel Corporation ; 
and, besides his official connection with the Citizens' Bank, he 
was a director in the Marine Bank, and in many other large 
commercial enterprises. He was interested in Portsmouth office 
buildings and other properties and furthered the development 
of Portsmouth as well as of Norfolk. 

A life long Democrat, he never sought political preferment, 
but his party always found him ready and willing with brain 
and hand, and quick to respond where the need was greatest, 
especially in the sinister crisis of the nineties when misrule 
threatened his native State. Never ostentatious in his public 
and private benefactions, he, nevertheless, bestowed both in a 
way that gave many a young man his start and helped those 
of mature years in the day of adversity. 

Mr. Perry's early life in the country imbued him with the 
greatest love for everything pertaining to it. He took the keenest 
pleasure in the crops and blooded stock raised on his beautiful 
estate of Kayners, on the Chowan River, a model farm, ideally 
situated, which he visited frequently and personally supervised. 

An extensive reader, possessing a most unusual and remark- 
able memory, his genial nature nevertheless found its greatest 
pleasure in social intercourse. He was a member of the Virginia 
Club, a Mason, a member of Pickett-Buchanan Camp Confederate 
Veterans, of the Board of Trade and Business Men's Associa- 
tion, and served as director and president of the Norfolk and 
Portsmouth Cotton Exchange. 

He was a member of the official board of Epworth Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, in all the affairs of which he took the 
deepest interest. 

He died at his home in Norfolk, Va., June 19, 1913. 

"Mr. Perry's demise," it was written at the time, "is recog- 
nized throughout the community as a very great loss to the city, 
by reason of the deep interest he felt in everything that made for 
its good and for its advancement, and the help in the direction 
of its development which was afforded by his splendid business 
ability, and his intelligent and comprehensive grasp of all that 
makes for civic and commercial betterment. Always practical, 
he dealt not in generalities, but helped individuals to repair 
their broken fortunes, he guarded their interests, he gave them 
personal counsel, he snared their hopes and disappointments and 
endeared himself to countless numbers in his efforts to serve his 



356 JOSEPH WILLIAM PERRY 

fellow man, his city, his section, his country. His public spirit 
will long be remembered as well as his clean-handed intercourse 
with every man. It was well worth while to have lived such an 
active, useful, blameless life." 



THE NEW YORK 
PT-TFU.Tf! 1 ] 






ASTOR, L 
.DEN F3U! 



DAVID JEPTHA ROSE 

TWO main branches of the Rose family settled in America 
during the Colonial period, one in Virginia and one in 
New England. The Virginia family, through its descend- 
ants, is now scattered over the Southern States. Accord- 
ing to tradition, which seems to be reasonably authentic in this 
case, the family was founded by a Norman, De Roos, who settled 
in Nairnshire, Scotland, under King Alexander, in the early part 
of the thirteenth century, and some genealogists believe that from 
this Norman is descended both the Rosses and Roses. However 
that may be, the Nairnshire family is the ancestral line of the 
Virginia Roses, and first comes to light in an authentic way in 
the person of Hugh Rose, of Geddes, Nairnshire, who died in 1333. 
By marriage, this Hugh Rose acquired the lands of Kilravock, 
which are held by descendants to the present day. 

The family tradition is that four brothers came to Virginia. 
This is likely true, but owing to the fragmentary character of the 
early Colonial documents, cannot be proven. It is certain, how- 
ever, that John, Thomas and Daniel Rose were in Virginia within 
thirty years of its first settlement at Jamestown. Among the 
prominent Christian names appearing in the Virginia family is 
Hugh, which has been persistently repeated in nearly every gen- 
eration of the Roses. It was represented in Virginia in 1785 by 
Hugh Rose, of Amherst County, one of the largest planters of 
his generation, and earlier by Rev. Robert Rose, rector of St. 
Ann's and Albemarle parishes. He was a kindly, genial man 
with the usual prudence of the Scotchman, and a good farmer. 
In a time of scarcity, being possessed of a good store of grain, he 
advertised that he would sell to those less fortunate. Many 
came. He enquired if they had money; some had, some had not, 
so he divided the crowd into two parts, those who had money 
and those who had none. Then he smilingly observed to the men 
who had money that, having means, they could get grain else- 
where, but that the unfortunates who had none could get his. 

Later one of these Hughs was Doctor Hugh Rose, who served 
in the War of 1812 as a member of the Hospital Corps. 

The Virginia Roses made a good record in their new home, 
and furnished a number of most excellent citizens in every genera- 
tion. They were widely known and highly esteemed. One of 
them was killed fighting the Indians in the West. Another 
Hugh moved to Augusta, Georgia. Another was killed at the 

[359] 



360 DAVID JEPTHA ROSE 

Alamo, San Antonio, in 1836, that most heroic incident of Amer- 
ican history. 

Benjamin Rose, a member of this Virginia family, was born 
in Virginia about the middle of the eighteenth century. He is 
said to have served in the Revolutionary army. About 1784 he 
migrated to North Carolina, settling in the Fall Creek neighbor- 
hood, Wayne County, where he married Miss Lucy Harper, the 
bearer of another old and honored Virginia name. Soon after 
his marriage he moved to Johnston County, where the remainder 
of his life was spent, and, during the later years of his life, he 
was a Baptist minister. 

Nicholas Rose, son of Benjamin and his wife Lucy, was born 
March 8, 1790, and at the age of twenty-four, on May 5, 1814, 
married Sarah Rhodes, of Falling Creek, Wayne County, who was 
only fifteen years of age at the time of her marriage, having been 
born January 7, 1799. After their marriage they settled in Ben- 
tonville township, Johnston County, where the remainder of their 
lives was spent, Nicholas dying August 19, 1836, and his wife 
September 24, 1854. 

George P. Rose, fourth son of Nicholas and Sarah, was born 
January 26, 1827, and died September 1, 1889. He married Nancy 
Brunt, who was born February 3, 1835, and died October 5, 1914. 

David Jeptha Rose, the subject of this sketch, was born near 
Bentonville, Johnston County, North Carolina, November 27, 
1861, the son of George Pinckney and Nancy (Brunt) Rose. D. J. 
Rose affords an example of what can be done by the man who has 
industry, capacity, high courage and integrity. It will be remem- 
bered that Joseph E. Johnston's army surrendered to Sherman 
near Bentonville at the close of the Civil War. D. J. Rose was then 
a little more than three years old. His family faced, in common 
with all their neighbors, actual want, almost starvation. Only 
those who went through that terrible year of 1865 can under- 
stand what the people in the war-desolated sections of the 
South had to face. To their credit, be it said, they faced it uncom- 
plainingly, and their stern courage in due time met with reward. 
Mr. Rose frankly says that his opportunities for an education 
were hardly enough to mention. His father was a farmer and 
the little lad while still young had to do his part of the hard 
work of the farm. He recalls with great interest the first money 
of his own that he ever had. When he was sixteen years of age 
his father consented to his helping a good Quaker neighbor for 
a few days to chop cotton. The average wages at that time was 
40 cents per day, but the good old Quaker paid him 50 cents for 
each of the four days that he used him. This f 2.00, which at that 
time looked very large, inspired him with the idea that he might 
make some money for himself without neglecting his father's 
interests, because he wanted to help all he could in supporting 



DAVID JEPTHA ROSE 361 

his five sisters and five brothers. Moved by that desire, he learned 
to mend shoes, and to make cotton baskets and bottom chairs. 
In addition he was of service in many ways to the family at home, 
being both capable and willing. Such extra work as this he did 
mostly at night by torch-light. The neighbors gave him plenty 
of work and paid him a fair price for it. He denied himself the 
pleasures of fishing and hunting, so dear to most boys, feeling 
that he could not spare the time, but on the other hand he always 
had money with which to help his family and friends. 

At the age of twenty-five he became convinced that farming 
was not his true vocation. This decision once made, he left the 
farm to learn a trade. His first employment was with a car- 
penter to assist in the building of a two-room house for a widow 
lady living at a place called "Quaker Neck," on the Neuse Elver, 
near Goldsboro, North Carolina. He says tersely that he has been 
building ever since, and that is true, but his building has been of 
a magnitude far beyond his conceptions in those early days. In 
1891 he began taking contracts on his own account in a small way. 
In the twenty-four years ensuing he has done an amazing work, 
and established a reputation as a contractor second to no man in 
the State. Mr. Rose must have possessed a large measure of natur- 
al capacity for this special work, and the building of the little two 
room house was probably the turning point in his career, and 
threw him into the exact niche for which he was best fitted. He 
now stands in the front rank of the notable contractors of the 
South, his work ranging from Baltimore to South Florida, some 
of his contracts being for immense sums. He has for years past 
made railroad and other heavy construction work a specialty. 

Mr. Rose started out in life with a foundation of sound prin- 
ciples. To those good principles he has tenaciously adhered. In 
his business transactions he has made it his aim to give everyone 
his full rights and to take advantage of none. He has accumu- 
lated a considerable fortune, and, what is better than money, has 
made many strong friends. His life is a fine illustration of the 
truth that strong men do not wait on opportunity but make 
opportunity. Judged by the standards of business success and 
good citizenship Mr. Rose deserves full credit as one of the men 
who is contributing largely to the making of our country. 

He has been twice married, first on October 5, 1892, to Anna 
Phillip Woodall, daughter of Seth and Martha Woodall. Of this 
marriage three children were born : Mary Lucille, Ira Woodall 
and Vara Durham Rose. The last child died April 3, 1913. Sub- 
sequently to the death of his first wife, he was married the second 
time on April 4, 1900, to Yara E. Benton, daughter of William N. 
and Susan Ingram Benton, of Smithfield, North Carolina. Of 
this marriage five children have been born ; of whom, at this writ- 
ing, only one is living, Dillon J. Rose. 



362 DAVID JEPTHA ROSE 

The description of the Kose family Coat of Arms is as fol- 
lows: 

Arms: Or a boar's head couped gules between three water 
bougets sable. 

Crest : A harp azure. 

Motto : Constant and true. 

Motto above crest: "Audeo" "I dare." 



THE NEW 



PUBLli 



J.O 



ASTOR, Lf\'(? 
TILDFN F3UNDA 



WILLIAM THOMAS TRAVIS 

THE family name of Travis is one that will never be for- 
gotten iii our country, for history has recorded upon its 
pages no more heroic character than William Barrett 
Travis, u The Hero of the Alamo." 

The name is said to have been derived from a locality called 
Trevieres in Normandy, hence the family is of French origin. The 
most common form of the name was Travers, and from that came 
Travis. Each name is in use to-day, both in Great Britain and 
America. The Travers family is perhaps the more numerous of 
the two ; but both come from the same source. 

The family in Virginia was founded by Edward Travis, who 
was among the number of earlier settlers, probably coming over 
within twenty years after the colony was founded. He lived 
in James City County, and, in 1637, brought over Walter Travis, 
who was evidently a relative, though it cannot now be definitely 
stated what the relationship was. These two were the founders 
of the Virginia family which Bishop Meade says were, in the 
Colonial period, among the noted families of Virginia. 

From the Virginia Travers family sprang branches which 
settled further south, and it was to one of these branches that 
William Barrett Travis belonged. The chief incidents in his 
short life cannot be repeated too often. It is an epic that our 
children and our children's children should all learn by heart. 

In the early thirties of the last century, the settlers in Texas 
were struggling with the anarchistic and despotic Mexican gov- 
ernment. To Texas there had come from South Carolina young- 
Travis, still in his twenties. In 1835, with the rank of Colonel, 
the young man of twenty-eight found himself in command at San 
Antonio. He had one hundred and fifty-three men. Marching 
up from the south was Santa Anna with an army of five thousand. 
It was the duty of Travis to hold in check this Mexican horde and 
give General Sam Houston a chance to organize a sufficient force 
to meet them. Travis, with his hundred and fifty-three followers, 
took refuge in the Alamo, an abandoned Mission Church, and 
was besieged on February 22 by Santa Anna and his army. 

Bonham, the lifelong friend of Travis, young and ardent, 
made his way out in search of help, accompanied by Captain 
Juan Seguin. Help could not be found, except one small squad 
of thirty-two men who fought their way through Santa Anna's 
host into the Alamo. Bonham, failing to secure aid for his 

[365] 



366 WILLIAM THOMAS TRAVIS 

friend, resolved to die with him if need be, and mounted on a 
splendid horse, rode furiously through the Mexican line and 
made his way into the fort. This brought the total up to one 
hundred and eighty-six men. 

Travis' last message to the world was, "I will neither retreat 
nor surrender." For twelve days he and his heroes withstood 
the assaults of the Mexicans, and in the final and desperate 
assault they died to the last man, leaving around the little fort 
fifteen hundred dead Mexicans. 

It has been well said that, "Thermopylae had its messenger 
of defeat; but the Alamo had none." 

In the Revolutionary War, the Virginia Travis family were 
represented by Miles Travis, and James Travis, by Captain 
Edward Travis, very prominent and active in the service, and 
by Colonel Champion Travis. So that William B. Travis had 
behind him a fighting ancestry, both in the old country and in 
the new. 

To this family belongs William Thomas Travis, of Oyster, 
Northampton County, Virginia, who was born at Cheapside, on 
January 27, 1860, son of Severn Borden and Missouri Anne 
(Andrews) Travis. The family has been settled in Northampton 
County since the Revolutionary War. Mr. Travis' mother was of 
Scotch descent. 

Mr. Travis had the usual rearing of a farmer's son. He 
attended the country school, and worked between intervals on 
the farm at occupations suited to his strength. Arriving at 
manhood, he became a farmer; but the farmers of the eastern 
shores of Virginia, like the coastwise farmers of New England, 
are marines, they can't keep away from salt water; so Mr. 
Travis became eventually a sailor, and the captain of his own 
vessel. He also tried mercantile life, but finally went back to 
farming, in which he has been very successful; owning a fine 
landed estate yielding abundant crops. He has the reputation 
of being the largest grower of potatoes on the eastern shore, 
having planted as many as seven hundred barrels of potatoes in 
one year. 

He belongs to the greatest and grandest army in the world, 
the army of producers. But it is an army which is yet far too 
small. We have in our country, under our present civilization, 
too many middlemen, too many non-producers, and all of them, 
in the final analysis, have to depend on the producer. Mr. Travis 
is one of the burden bearers, and he is doing his full share by 
making the acres which he controls produce results from year 
to year. 

Mr. Travis is an adherent of the Democratic party, but has 
never been an office seeker or holder beyond serving for a time as 
Postmaster of the village where he makes his home. 



WILLIAM THOMAS TRAVIS 367 

A member of the Methodist Church, a Bible Class teacher, 
he has been a student of the good book throughout life, which 
means that he is a well-educated man, for no one can diligently 
study the Bible without broadening his character and extending 
his education. 

He was married on February 11, 1880, to Sarah Ellen Cobb, 
who was born on Cobb's Island, December 5, 1863, daughter of 
Albert Freeman and Ellen Anne (Doughty) Cobb. They have a 
fine family of children, George Elmer, Clarence Thomas, Madeline 
Annie, Sue Elizabeth, Paul Jones, William Bryan, and William 
Henry Travis. 



JAMES EPHRAIM WATSON 

IN ancient days there were no family names. The Hebrews 
kept the most thorough records of their families. We find 
them recorded after the following fashion: Joshua, the son 

of Nun or David, the son of Jesse or Isaiah, the son of 
Amos ; and not until the reign of Joseph II, Emperor of Germany, 
were the Jew r s in Germany constrained to adopt surnames. In 
the twelfth century a Domesday Book was drawn up in Iceland, 
recording the land taking of all the old settlers with their pedi- 
grees. Not a single family name occurs in that book, and to this 
day in Iceland each native is known by his personal designa- 
tion, and as the son of his father. To cite an incident some 
forty years ago one of the Oxford Professors in England was 
Eric Magnusson, who was Professor of Scandinavian Language 
and Literature at Oxford, but his son in Iceland would not have 
been Magnusson, but Eric's son. 

Less than a thousand years ago surnames were rarely, if 
ever, borne. From the given names surnames were in many cases 
formed. Thus from the Toms came the Thomases, and Thomp- 
sons, and Tompkinses, and Thomasons. Each one of the ordinary 
names of that day became the source of more or less numerous 
family names. From Walter came Walters, Watts, Watson, Wat- 
kins, Watkinson and Waterson. The common name for Walter 
was Wat. The son of Wat became Watson. Names having this 
origin are given as sire-names. 

The Watsons, like other families, multiplied, in Great Brit- 
ain, and many of them became prominent. When the name 
first appeared in Virginia cannot be definitely stated. We know 
that after the great Indian Massacre of 1622 in Virginia, a census 
of those living was taken (in 1623), and among them appeared 
the names of Thomas and James Watson. This is the first definite 
and positive record that we have. The Watsons greatly multi- 
plied in numbers in Virginia, and became one of the most dis- 
tinguished families of the eastern section of the State not all 
of these families, however, had the same immigrant ancestor. 
They were well represented in the Revolutionary War among 
the names of the Watsons who were soldiers are those of Ephraim 
and Thomas. Thomas Watson (here referred to) was paid off 
for his services as a soldier at Romney, in Hampshire County, 
West Virginia. 

That section of the countr embraced in the lower valle and 




JSSM 



:- 





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Ac 
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS 



JAMES EPHRAIM WATSON 371 

the southern branch of the Potomac was first settled principally 
by immigrants from two sources those from the northeastern 
section of Virginia, east of the Blue Ridge, on the one hand; 
and those from western Maryland and eastern Pennsylvania, on 
the other hand. The settlers who came from eastern Virginia 
were practically pure English, while those who came from the 
other side of the Potomac were mainly English with a strain of 
Scotch-Irish, and those from Pennsylvania were German. 

Descended from these earlv settlers of the lower vallev is 

t, 1 *> 

James Ephraini Watson, of Charles Town, who was born on 
November 15, 1839, in Clarke County, Virginia, son of Ephraim 
and Elizabeth (Locke) Watson. His mother was a daughter of 
John Locke, of Clarke County; and his father was a son of 
Thomas Watson. 

There was evidently a Thomas W T atson in that section during 
the Revolutionary period, and there was apparently an Isaac 
Watson in the Middletown section. This Isaac Watson must 
have come into that country prior to the Revolutionary War, or 
about the time that the vast landed estate of Lord Fairfax was 
being settled up. 

Mr. Watson had the usual training of a valley boy in the 
first half of the last century. Before he had fairly settled upon 
his life-work came the outbreak of the Civil War, and in 1861 
he entered the Confederate Armv as a member of Clarke Countv 

f t> 

Cavalry, which became Company D of the Sixth Virginia Cavalry 
Regiment the company being under the command of Captain 
Hardesty, and later of Captain Hugh Nelson. His first colonel 
in the Civil W^ar was General J. E. B. Stewart, then a young 
colonel, who later became a most distinguished cavalry leader of 
the war. Mr. Watson joined his command in July at Bunker 
Hill. A few days later the regiment participated in the battle of 
Bull Run, where Stewart led it in the first cavalry charge of 
the war. From that time on, for the next four years, Mr. Wat- 
son's regiment was engaged in the tremendous campaigns in 
which the Army of Northern Virginia took part. At Port Repub- 
lic, at Front Royal, at Winchester, at Coal Harbor, at Brandy 
Station, at Trevillian Station, at Yellow Tavern, and many other 
less noted engagements, his command was in the thick of the 
fray. At one charge, at Trevillian Station, his squadron lost 
nearly half its numbers. Those at all familiar with the history 
of the war know that no body of soldiers in all history were ever 
marched more strenuously and none fought harder than the 
cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia under Jeb Stewart. 
At all seasons of the year, in all weathers, constantly on the 
march, constantly fighting and skirmishing, the cavalry arm of 
the service became literally the eyes and ears of the Army. 

Mr. Watson's record, during these trying four years, as a 



372 JAMES EPHRAIM WATSON 

faithful ami valiant soldier, was second to that of no man in 
an army whose valor has made it immortal. Returning from mili- 
tary service, he entered upon business pursuits, not confining 
himself strictly to one line of operation, and met with a gratify- 
ing measure of success in his work. For about eighteen years, 
he conducted a mercantile business at Lee Town, and for many 
years was a large and successful operator in live stock, and still 
handles a large portion of the cattle raised in his immediate 
section, though he does not give to that interest as much time 
and attention as formerly. He is one of the large landowners 
of Jefferson County; on which is some of the finest fruit in the 
county; and his home place, which is more particularly a grain 
farm, is one of the best, and cultivated in the most thoroughly 
modern way. Notwithstanding his advanced years, he is strong 
and capable a picture of health and strength, and bids fair to 
reach an extreme old age, following the record of the family. 
His grandfather, who died in 1862, had reached the age of eighty- 
six, and his father died at the age of eighty-one. 

Mr. Watson is not only one of the most successful men of 
his county, but also one of the most highly esteemed. His life 
has been one of constructive good citizenship. He is a member 
of the Methodist Church, a Democrat, and a stockholder and 
director of the Merchants and Mechanics Deposit Company. He 
is noted for his aggressive activity and it is said that one cannot 
get within a quarter of a mile of his home without recognizing 
the atmosphere of industry and strength. 

Mr. Watson married Marguerite Elizabeth Roberts, daughter 
of William Roberts, of Jefferson County. They have eight chil- 
dren : Virginia, Belle, Harry, Edith, Pearl, Florence, Ernest and 
May all of whom are married. 

Mr. Watson's grandfather, Thomas Watson, was born in 
1776. At that time, the Watson families in the lower valley were 
not numerous. The only two of which we can be certain were 
headed by Isaac and Thomas. The probabilities are therefore 
that he was a son of one of these two, and that they came from 
eastern Virginia to the valley. In view of his given name being 
Thomas, it would seem more probable that he was the son of that 
Thomas who served in the Virginia Revolutionary command with 
two periods of service, having been paid off for one at Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, and the other at Romney, Virginia. 

That branch of the Watson family settled in the Counties 
of Kent, Suffolk and Middlesex, which furnished so large a 
number of immigrants to eastern Virginia, bore coat-armor 
described heraldically as : 

"Barry of six, argent and gules three crescents ermine ; on a 
chief of the second, two lances in saltire, their heads broken off 
argent." 



CHARLES THOMAS CHESTER 

WHEN our hardy ancestors of the Old World created for 
themselves new homes and fortunes across the western 
sea, they also established new governmental environ- 
ments which gave their descendants a favorable field in 
which to exercise their talents. 

The descendants of those early settlers are the men who form 
the foundation of our nation ; men whose will and energy, whose 
intelligence and bravery have wrested from the wilderness the 
greatest country in all the world. It is, therefore, but natural 
that one should dwell with loyal and loving pride upon an ances- 
try, which can be traced directly to America's brave pioneers. 

For its American beginnings the Chester family goes back 
to Massachusetts where Leonard Chester of Watertown was liv- 
ing in 1633. He was a son of John Chester of Blaby, County 
Leicester, England, and a direct descendant of Sir Kobert Chester 
of Koyston, Hertfordshire, one of the gentlemen of the Privy 
Chamber of Henry VIII, who obtained from that monarch a 
grant of the Monastery of Koyston. His Coat of Arms is thus 
described in heraldic terms: Arms: Ermine on a chief sable a 
griffin passant or, armed argent. Crest : A dragon passant argent. 
Motto : Vincit qui Patitur. In this connection it is of interest 
to relate an incident which indicates that Leonard Chester be- 
lieved in cavalier customs. After his removal with a colony in 
1635 to settle Wethersfield, Connecticut, he made the request 
that the Chester arms and motto be engraved on his tombstone. 
This wish was carried out, and it so incensed his Puritan neigh- 
bors that they endeavored to have it effaced. The arms were 
too deeply cut to be obliterated, but they succeeded in removing 
the motto with the exception of the word "Patitur." 

Leonard Chester had a son, John, born at Watertown in 
1635, who was subsequently known as John Chester of Wethers- 
field. He married in 1654 Sarah, daughter of Governor Thomas 
Welles, by whom he had four daughters and four sons, John, 
Stephen, Thomas and Samuel. The sons married and left numer- 
ous progeny, of which, as early as 1831, ten of the name had 
graduated from Yale and one from Harvard. 

In the Kevolutionary rolls the name of Colonel John Chester 
appears among those who served with distinction at Bunker Hill 
in defense of the American cause. He later served in the Legis- 

tOlTO T 
6lo ] 



374 CHARLES THOMAS CHESTER 

lature as Speaker, and became Judge of the Probate and of the 
County Courts. 

Charles Thomas Chester, lineal descendant of Leonard Ches- 
ter, was born in New York City, January 6, 1826, a son of 
Thomas Leonard and Eliza (Sidell) Chester. He was educated 
in a private school, at Morristown, New Jersey; Dr. Skinner's 
School at New Haven, Connecticut, and in 1845 was graduated 
with a degree of A.B. from Yale University. Mr. Chester was one 
of the first men in New York City to take up the science of elec- 
tricity as a profession, which brought him in contact with Prof. 
S. F. B. Morse, of whom he became a close friend and associate. 
Politically he was a Republican, but not of the partisan type. In 
religious affiliations he was a member and senior warden, and 
clerk of the vestry in St. Paul's Episcopal Church at Englewood, 
New Jersey, having been formerly connected with the Church of 
the Transfiguration, New York City. 

He married June 17, 1856, at New Bern, North Carolina, Miss 
Lucretia Koberts, a daughter of John M. and Mary Eoberts, born 
in New Bern, November 17, 1833. Their children are as follows : 
Mary Roberts, who was educated at St. Agnes' School and became 
the wife of Kev. William Newman Parker of Philadelphia; 
William S., who was graduated from Stevens Institute as an 
electrical engineer. He held the position as organist in St. 
George's Church, New York, for a period of twelve years, and died 
February 22, 1900; Susan, a graduate of Vassar College, Pough- 
keepsie, New York, married A. Hunt Lyman. Mr. Lyinan died in 
1902 and is survived by his widow, Mrs. Chester Lyman of Ashe- 
ville, North Carolina. 




r 



A. HUNT LYMAN 

THE Lyman family has occupied an honorable station in 
various Commonwealths. The first recorded settler of 
the family in America was Richard Lyman, son of Henry 
and Elizabeth (Scott) Lyman. 

Richard Lyman was born in High Ongar, Essex County, Eng- 
land, and baptized October 30, 1580. In 1631 he sailed from 
Bristol, England, in the ship "Lion," with his entire family, 
landing in Boston, November 4, of the same year. He settled 
first in Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he became a Freeman, 
and in 1635 removed to Connecticut where he was one of the orig- 
inal proprietors of Hartford. His death occurred in 1640. 

Richard Lyman married in England, Sarah Osborne, daugh- 
ter of Roger Osborne of Halstead, Kent County, England. Their 
children, born at High Ongar, were: William, buried at High 
Ongar, August 28, 1615; Phyllis, baptised September 12, 1611, 
married William Hills; Richard, baptised July 18, 1613, died 
young; William, baptised September 8, 1616, died young; Rich- 
ard, baptised February 24, 1617, married Hepzibah Ford, of 
Windsor, Connecticut ; Sarah, baptised February, 1620 ; Ann, bap- 
tised April 12, 1621; died young; John, baptised 1623, and Rob- 
ert, baptised September, 1629, married Hepzibah Basconi, Novem- 
ber 15, 1662. The family lived at Windsor, Connecticut, and be- 
fore 1650 removed to Northampton, Massachusetts, one branch 
subsequently settling in Vermont. 

It is from the Northampton branch that A. Hunt Lyman is 
descended. In 1824 his grandfather was one of the pioneers who 
took up large tracts of land on the western frontier, and settled 
near what is now the city of Cleveland, Ohio, and what was then 
a wilderness, with only here and there a few sparse settlements. 

A. Hunt Lyman was born in Chester, Ohio, January 16, 1847, 
the son of Newman Rust Lyman, an extensive land owner in 
Ohio, and his wife, Juliana Hunt. 

Mr. Ljman was given the advantage of a liberal education at 
Geauga Seminary, Chester, Ohio, and at Oberlin College. He 
had large business interests in and about Cleveland and for more 
than ten years was connected with the National Bank of Com- 
merce in that city. In 1888 Mr. Lyman, accompanied by his 
brother, Mr. Charles E. Lyman, removed to Asheville, North Caro- 
lina, for his health. Here he purchased a home and became inter- 
ested in land and other investments. During his residence in 

[377] 



378 A. HUNT LYMAN 

Cleveland Mr. Lyman was an officer in the Euclid Avenue Congre- 
gational Church, and after going South was associated with 
Grace Memorial Church (Episcopal). Politically, he adhered to 
the principles of the Eepublican party. Mr. Lyman married, Jan- 
uary 20, 1898, Miss Susan Chester, who was born in Englewood, 
New Jersey, a daughter of Charles T. and Lucretia (Koberts) 
Chester. 

Mr. Lynian died at Galen Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, 
May 10, 1902. An affectionate husband and devoted friend, a con- 
scientious, charitable and Christian gentleman, his memory will 
long survive in the hearts of his fellow-citizens. 

The Coat of Arms of the Lyman family is described as 
follows : 

Per chevron, gules and argent in base an annulet of the first. 

Crest: A demi-bull argent attired and hoofed or, langued 
gules. 

Motto : Quod verum tutuin. 






<7 S * 





NEWTON CLARK WATTS 

ERHAPS no man in Virginia has had a more diversified 
career than Newton Clark Watts, of Staunton, who was 
born at Waynesboro, on September 7, 1852, son of Well- 
ington Hardin and Mary Anne (Fauver) Watts. 

Barber, an English genealogist of authority, says that the 
name was derived from the Norse "Hvati," which means active, 
and which in the Anglo-Saxon tongue became Wat, and later 
was transformed into Watts. There is, however, certainly one 
other derivation, because Simon Wathes, who was traditionally 
descended from a French soldier of fortune who followed King 
Stephen to England, in 1135, was the founder of the Watts 
family, which for generations made its seat at Hawkesdale Hall, 
County Cumberland, England, and which possibly is still settled 
there, as it was in possession of that estate as late as 1840. 

This would indicate that there were two main branches of 
the W T atts family, one Anglo-Saxon and the other Norman-French. 

The family name has been made immortal by the inventor 
of the steam engine. In our own country there have been a num- 
ber of men prominent in various positions who have borne the 
name. 

The Virginia family dates back to the years between 1638 
and 1652, when no less than twelve men of this name settled in 
eastern Virginia, At least sixteen members of the Watts families 
served as soldiers in Virginia commands during the Revolution- 
ary War. By marriage they have been connected with some of 
the most distinguished families of Virginia. William Strother< 3) 
married Margaret Watts. John Penhallow, of a distinguished 
Cornish family, which had settled in Virginia, had as a partner 
John Watts. At the death of his partner he married the widow, 
and thus became stepfather to Elizabeth Watts and John 
Watts, Jr. 

Of William Strother's marriage to Margaret Watts there 
was a daughter who married John Madison. Of this marriage 
there were a number of children as follows : 

Roland, who married a daughter of General Andrew Lewis. 

Bishop James Madison, first Bishop of the Episcopal Church 
in Virginia. 

Margaret, who married Gabriel Jones, and from whom Colonel 
Thomas Mann Randolph and some of the Lewises were descended. 

[381] 



382 NEWTON CLARK WATTS 

Anne, who married Francis Tyler, and was the mother of 
President John Tyler. 

Newton Clark Watts' father was a small farmer, who, in 
addition to operating his little farm, ran a water power saw mill. 
The lad grew up in a disturbed time. The Civil War came on 
when he was but nine years old. He recalls quite well the John 
Brown raid and the intense excitement which agitated the coun- 
try on that occasion. He remembers also numerous incidents 
which occurred during the Civil War, and as he lived in a part 
of the Valley, which was a regular battle ground, he heard the 
sound of many battles, and at times whole families would rush 
away to the woods or mountains for safety. Mr. Watts tells of 
these incidents himself in a most interesting way. 

At the close of the war he was a boy of thirteen. His father 
and uncle engaged in the lumber business at his father's little 
water power saw mill, and he put in much of his time at very 
hard work, hauling lumber and logs. 

At the time of his marriage, in 1875, a young man of twenty- 
three, he was half owner of a horse, which was all he possessed 
on earth, the horse of which he had been full owner having died. 
Soon, however, he bought his father's interest in the horse, went 
into partnership with him in the lumber business, and, in the 
summer, farmed some of his grandfather's land. 

From this point on, Mr. Watts' story is well worth recording 
as nearly as possible as he tells it. 

He moved to his father-in-law's farm near New Hope, farm- 
ing in the summer and lumbering in the winter. He then bought 
what was known as the "Johnny Miller Farm," near New Hope. 
This farm was very old and dilapidated, and the house about a 
hundred years old. This Johnny Miller must have been a pecu- 
liar character, for it is said that every twelfth year he made a 
trip to Scottsville, in Albemarle County, east of the Blue Ridge, 
and he made provision for the expenses of the trip by raising an 
extra barrel of flour each year. There was some fine timber on 
the land, and Mr. Watts began to saw and market this timber, 
put the farm in shape, built a new house and barn, and in a few 
years was able to grow as much as a thousand bushels of wheat, 
and a hundred tons of hay, with other products in proportion. 

Then began his official career. He was first elected Overseer 
of the Poor of the Middle River District of Augusta County for 
two years, then Constable for six years, then later County Over- 
seer of the Poor for six years. During eight of these years he was 
Deputy Treasurer, and during four of them Deputy Sheriff, so 
that part of the time he was holding four offices. One can readily 
understand that he was a busy man in those days. In 1891 he 
was elected Sheriff, taking charge of the office on July 2, 1891, 
and being successively re-elected, he held office twelve and a half 



NEWTON CLARK WATTS 383 

years. At the end of his last term he gave a banquet to two hun- 
dred of the prominent citizens of Staunton and other citizens of 
Virginia at the Palmer House. That night the keys of the jail 
were turned over at twelve o'clock, and he received a certificate 
from the City, County and Circuit Clerks that every process and 
execution had been made according to law ; and he has never been 
summoned, even as a witness, since that date. 

During his term as Sheriff, he says he had to do almost every 
conceivable thing. Among other things it became one of his offi- 
cial duties to hang a notorious criminal. He had committed to 
his care a child whose father had taken it from its mother in 
San Francisco and brought it East, a lawsuit ensuing. He had 
many hazardous arrests to make, among them that of the danger- 
ous criminal, Jim Hurlev. 

/ t< 

Farmer, lumberman, public official, all of these had been 
merely preliminary to his real life work. While serving as Sheriff 
in 1895, he had started a telephone exchange in the city of Staun- 
ton under very great difficulties, in spite of which, however, he 
persisted and kept it alive. The Bell Telephone Company ad- 
mitted, through Mr. Pickernell, Vice-President of the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Company, that Mr. Watts was the first 
man to make a successful start with farmers' lines and an inde- 
pendent company (that is, one able to live). This record con- 
cerning his work he found with the Bell Telephone Company, in 
Denver, Colorado, when he was an assistant sergeant-at-arms in 
the National Convention which met in that city. 

After starting the Staunton exchange, he established another 
one at Lexington and Buena Vista, Virginia, with one of his old 
deputies, Mr. T. S. Burwell, as a partner, He retained the con- 
trolling interest in this exchange until 1912, when it was sold for 
125,000.00. 

His next venture was the establishment of an exchange at 
Clifton Forge and Covington, Virginia, with Mr. J. A. Sproul, an- 
other one of his old deputies, as a partner. This business is still 
being conducted successfully with Mr. Sproul as manager, and 
with Mr. Watts owning the controlling interest in the Clifton 
Forge Company. 

Next he started the exchange at Waynesboro, Virginia, with 
Mr. Joseph Carr, another one of his old deputies, as a partner. 
This exchange is still in successful operation, and has been re- 
cently entirely rebuilt, Mr. Watts now owning all the stock. 

His next venture was at Newport News, where he founded 
the Citizens' Telephone and Telegraph Company, with Mr. Isaac 
Witz and William Patrick as partners, but with Mr. Watts re- 
taining the controlling interest, which he afterwards sold to J. M. 
Curtis, of New York. 

By that time it became evident that Mr. Watts had found 



384 NEWTON CLARK WATTS 

the business for which he was best fitted, and so in connection 
with James K. Kemper, he established the Long Distance Tele- 
phone Company of Virginia. After a time this Company was sold 
to the Bell Telephone Company, and Mr. Watts was appointed its 
President. On the night of President McKinley's death, Mr. 
Watts was in Boston arranging for the sale of this company to 
the Bell Telephone Co. 

For a number of years he has served as President of the Stand- 
ard Mutual Telephone Company, the Waynesboro Mutual Tele- 
phone Company, the Clifton Forge Telephone Company, and the 
Citizens' Telephone and Telegraph Company at Newport News, 
all of Virginia. Three years ago Mr. Watts was elected President 
of the Virginia and Tennessee Telephone Company of Roauoke, 
which runs its lines all over the western part of Virginia and into 
Bristol, Tennessee, and the coal fields ; thence on to Middlesboro, 
Kentucky. At Bristol this company connects with the Cumber- 
land Company, with exchanges at Pulaski, Radford, Blacksburg, 
Christiansburg, Max Meadows, Ellison, Salem, Roanoke, Coeburn, 
Wise, Norton, Appalachia, Big Stone Gap, Pennington Gap, and 
Jonesville. 

Though his lifetime residence has been in one county, Mr. 
Watts has been an extensive traveler. During his tenure of office 
as Sheriff he visited Canada, Cuba and almost every part of the 
United States. He attended the St. Louis Convention which 
nominated Alton Parker, serving in that Convention as assistant 
sergeant-at-arms ; and serving in the same capacity in the Demo- 
cratic Convention at Denver which nominated Bryan. During 
this trip he visited Pike's Peak and the gold mines at Cripple 
Creek, stopping later at Lincoln, Nebraska, with the Virginia and 
Ohio delegation to visit Mr. Bryan. In 1912 he traveled three 
months through Europe, during which time he was privileged to 
inspect the great telephone systems of England and the Conti- 
nent, and was able to make very favorable comparisons to our 
systems in America. 

He has been a fortunate man in some respects, for though 
in several railroad accidents and wrecks, and in a severe storm 
on the trip to Cuba, he has always escaped without personal in- 
jury. 

In 1910 overwork caused nervous prostration, and many 
prominent physicians prophesied that he could not recover his 
health under two years. On November 26, 1910, he narrowly 
escaped death in his home at Staunton, owing to an explosion 
of alcohol, and but for his presence of mind he would have been 
burned fatally. As it was, he was much injured, and for many 
weeks lay in the hospital. 

An index to his character and his great popularity is found 
in the fact that in speaking of this time, he recalls most gratefully 



NEWTON CLARK WATTS 385 

the faithful services of the colored man, John Smith, who waited 
on him, and of Fred, the colored orderly of the hospital. 

Despite his backsets he proved the physicians in error, for 
within less than a year from the time of his breakdown he was 
back at his desk giving his business the proper attention. 

Mr. Watts is a member of a number of social clubs, the Bev- 
erley Club of Staunton, the Elks Club, the Owls and the Jovian 
Order. 

He was married on May 19, 1875, near New Hope, to Betty 
Barnhart, born near New Hope, on April 1, 1854, daughter of 
Gideon and Martha (Weade) Barnhart. Of this marriage there 
are three daughters, all of whom were educated at Mary Baldwin 
Seminary, at Stauntou, and the Hollins Institute, Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia. 

Of these daughters, Alma Leila married C. B. Coiner, Jr., 
and has eight children. Leita married W. W. Gibbs, and has one 
child. Mary Davis married H. A. Meyer, and has one child. 

The story here told without embellishment explains Mr. 
Watts' success in life. A man of great exactness in business, he 
has personal qualities which enable him to attract and hold men's 
friendship; so whenever he needs a capable man for a special 
work he is able to put his hands upon that man and get results. 

He has proven in his own career that good men may be suc- 
cessful in business without sacrificing those higher qualities 
which spell a good will to one's fellows." 



NATHANIEL BURRUSS 

NO more illuminating light is cast upon any given period 
of history than that furnished by the biographies of con- 
temporaneous people of that period. 

In the time of Charles II there lived one Pepys, who 
kept a diary which was a great source of amusement to the people 
of the Court of the King where Pepys was a well-known character. 
To-day, we have not in relation to that period a more valuable 
historical work than the diary of Pepys, which touches upon 
the lives of a vast number of people of his time, many of whom 
are not even mentioned in standard works of history. 

In Great Britain, biography has not been neglected to the ex- 
tent that it has been in our country, where the opinion gained 
ground that only political leaders or generals were entitled to a 
public record of their careers. This fallacy has cost us much in an 
historical sense, as a result of which a large section of our 
country now finds itself in such a position that many are unable 
by any documentary evidence to show from whence they came. 
All over New England, where records were kept with care by the 
painstaking people of that section, this fault does not obtain, 
and, here and there, in other sections of the country, certain 
families are in the fortunate position of knowing all about their 
ancestry. 

To this latter fortunate class belonged the late Captain 
Nathaniel Burruss of Norfolk, Virginia, and his wife, Margaret 
Walters (Dey) Burruss, yet surviving. 

Nathaniel Burruss was born in Eichmond, Va., on December 
17, 1844, son of Cicero and Adelaide Octavia (Charter) Burruss. 
When Nathaniel Burruss was about three years of age, his parents 
moved to Norfolk, and the remainder of his life, except for the 
interval passed while acquiring his education and the four years 
of the Civil War, was spent in that city. 

Cicero Burruss, in 1864, in conjunction with William T. Har- 
rison, founded the banking house of "Burrus, Harrison and Com- 
pany." Mr. Harrison did not remain long in the firm, and, in 
1866, Nathaniel Burruss, then a young man of twenty-two, was 
admitted as a partner, the firm name becoming "Burrus, Son and 
Company." At the time of his admission to the firm, Mr. 
Nathaniel Burruss was serving as Vice-Consul in Norfolk for the 
Kingdom of Portugal. 

After the death of Cicero Burruss, Nathaniel Burruss con- 

[386] 




m&%timttwm?mtm;. 





NATHANIEL BURRUSS 389 

tinned the business under the old name, later admitting Mr. 
George H. Newton as a partner without changing the firm name. 
Later, Mr. Newton died, and Nathaniel Burruss became sole 
owner, and continued the banking business until 1897. 

Captain Burruss, as he was commonly known in Norfolk, his 
title having been won by hard and gallant service, became one 
of the most promising citizens of that flourishing city. He was 
a member of the "Virginia Club," and the "Country Club," both 
of Norfolk, and the "Lotus Club" of New York. He was a 
member of the "Sons of the American Revolution," and was 
eligible to the society of "Colonial Wars," which he never joined. 

He served in many positions of trust, and, during the life 
of his father, Cicero Burruss, who was then president of the 
Atlantic and Denver Railroad, held the position of treasurer of 
that company. For many years prior to his death he held mem- 
bership in the Free Mason Street Church of Norfolk. 

Captain Burruss had in his veins the best pioneer blood 
of our country, and his military record deserves special mention. 

It is remarkable how r many forms some of our familiar Eng- 
lish family names have taken, which forms have been accepted 
by the public as being distinct names, although a half dozen 
different spellings may come from one original source. 

The old form of the name Burruss w r as Burrow, and in the 
earlier centuries was found in several English counties. The 
addition of "s" to the name signified "son of Burrow." This 
explains the change to "Burrows" which was followed by other 
changes. We find Burris, Burroughs, Burroughes, Burrowes, and 
Burruss. When the family names of landed gentry w r ere being- 
made up in England, several centuries ago, the form Burroughs 
was found in the ownership of landed estates at Rousay, Orkney 
Islands, and at Long Stratton, Norfolk. Then Burroughes are 
mentioned among the landed gentry at Burlingham, in the same 
English county. 

The form Burrowes appears at Strabone, County Cavan, and 
Dangan Castle, County Meath, Ireland. 

There is a curious story in connection with the family of 
Burrow, of Burrow, County Leicester, to the effect that the 
original form of this name was Stockton, or Stockden, which was 
perhaps arbitrarily changed to Burrow of Burrow. The prob- 
abilities are, in this case, that the name of Stockton or Stockden, 
had come in by the marriage of one of the female lines of Burrow, 
and that they simply went back to the old name. 

The form Burruss is very rare in England. In Virginia, in 
1785, at least three spellings of the name are found, and at least 
four of the heads of families there using the form Burruss were 
domiciled in Albemarle County. 

t/ 

The first American ancestor of this family came over from 



390 NATHANIEL BURRUSS 

England in 1717. Jacob, the immigrant, had two sons, William 
and John. John became a Baptist preacher, and the Burruss 
Church in Caroline County received its name from him. He 
moved West. William Burruss, son of Jacob, was born in 1744. 
On October 15, 1770, he married Susana Terrell, who was born 
March 30, 1752, and who died November 8, 1828. She was a 
daughter of David Terrell, Sr., and his wife Agatha (Chiles) 
Terrell. 

William Burruss was a very successful man in business 
affairs. Of unusual force of character, he was a leading citizen 
of his section, and in that early day when banks were not, he 
acted as banker for Caroline County. He attained the ripe age 
of eighty-four years. 

His eldest son, Pleasant Burruss, married Elizabeth Wright, 
and of this marriage Cicero Burruss was born, in Caroline 
County, October 17, 1819, and married June 6, 1843, Adelaide 
Octavia Charter of Richmond, Virginia, the Rev. Dr. Pollock of 
that city officiating. Adelaide Octavia Charter was a daughter of 
Lieutenant Nathaniel Charter of Richmond, who married Wini- 
fred Lacey Johnston, who was a native either of Fredericksburg 
or of King William County. Of this marriage there were children 
as follows: 

Nathaniel Burruss, the subject of this sketch, born in Rich- 
mond, December 17, 1844, and married September 15, 1868, 
to Margaret Walters Dey, daughter of William and Margaret 
Catherine (Walters) Dey. 

Of this marriage seven children were born : Adelaide Charter 
Burruss, William Cicero Burruss, Nathaniel Charter Burruss, 
Albert Edward Burruss, Marguerite Walters Burruss, Eugene 
Lansing Burruss, and Edwin Elowin Burruss. 

The eldest child of this marriage, Adelaide Charter Burruss, 
was married September 8, 1905, to Captain Harry Birdwhistell 
Jordan, of the United States Army. 

Marguerite Walters Burruss married Lieutenant John Henry 
Read of the United States Army. 

William Cicero Burruss, who died in 1902, married Miss 
Nell Orr of South Carolina, daughter of Colonel Orr and a grand- 
daughter of Governor Orr. 

Nathaniel Charter Burruss married Eleanor Relis of Sag- 
inaw, Michigan. 

Albert Edward Burruss married Harriett Vaughn Parish of 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

Eugene Lansing Burruss married Nellie Wise Oldfield of Nor- 
folk, Virginia. 

The youngest child, Edward Elowin Burruss, died at the age 
of six months. 

Lieutenant Nathaniel Charter, the grandfather of Captain 



NATHANIEL BURRUSS 391 

Nathaniel Burruss, was a lieutenant in the War of 1812. He 
served in Captain Anderson Stephenson's Company of artillery, 
attached to the 19th (Ambler's) Kegiment of Virginia militia. 
He was a son of George Charter, Sr., who came from Scotland and 
settled in Bridgeport, Connecticut. 

The Charters were of an armigerous line, and their Coat of 
Arms is now in possession of the Burruss family. 

Lieutenant Nathaniel Charter was buried in St. John's Ceme- 
tery of Richmond, Va. 

Susanna Terrell, who married William Burruss, great- 
grandfather of Captain Nathaniel Burruss, w r as a daughter of 
David Terrell, Sr., and his wife Agatha (Chiles) Terrell. David 
Terrell, Sr., was the son of William and Susanna, and his father, 
William Terrell, came over from England during the seventeenth 
century and settled in Prince William County, Virginia, as sur- 
veyor and huntsman to the Crown in the year 1709. This Terrell 
family is a very ancient one, English records carrying it back to 
the time of William Rufus, and much of their interesting family 
history is now in possession of the descendants of the original im- 
migrant. The old home of the family in Albemarle County, 
known as "Music Hall," indicates the character of the early 

t/ 

founders that they were lovers of social life, and had pro- 
nounced musical tastes. 

Agatha Chiles, wife of David Terrell, Sr., was a daughter of 
Manoah Chiles, and granddaughter of Henry Chiles, who was 
descended from Walter Chiles, who was a member of the Vir- 
ginia House of Burgesses in March, 1658. His Coat of Arms is 
also preserved by the Burruss family. 

Frances Riddle, wife of William Wright, was a daughter of 
William Riddle, and a granddaughter of Rev. Archibald Riddle, 
who was banished from Scotland on account of his religion. He 
came to America in 1687, landing at Woodbury, New Jersey. 
William Riddle was the great-grandfather of Cicero Burruss. 
The Riddle Coat of Arms is also in possession of the Burruss 
family; and this shows that in every line of the family it was 
armigerous in the old country, and, therefore, belonged to the 
English and Scottish gentry. 

This digression into the family history of Captain Nathaniel 
Burruss is to demonstrate that he came of fighting stock. It was 
not surprising, therefore, that, when the outbreak of the Civil 
War in 1861 found him a student in the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute at Lexington, the war fever seized him, and, immediately 
after the occupation of Harper's Ferry by the Confederate troops 
under the command of Colonel Thomas J. Jackson, wiio after- 
wards became the famous General "Stonewall" Jackson, he was 
ordered to report to Colonel Jackson for duty on his staff as 
inspector of tactics. He served on Colonel Jackson's staff in this 



B92 NATHANIEL BURRUSS 

capacity up to and including the battle of Manassas. in which 
desperate struggle Jackson won his immortal sobriquet of "Stone- 
wall." 

Shortly after Manassas. the lad of seventeen was ordered 
back to the Institute to resume his studies. It can easily be 
undertsood how reluctantly he went ; however, the need of trained 
soldiers was too pressing to allow the lads to complete their 
full terms, and so the following year, 1862, found him again in 
the service, this time stationed near Brownsville, Texas, at old 
''Fort Brown." as a lieutenant in Captain Cummings' company 
of infantry, in which capacity he served until transferred to 
Ringgold Barracks on the Rio Grande River. Attached to a 
cavalry corps, under Colonel Benavides, who was guarding the 
frontier line along the Rio Grande, he remained in active service 
with the rank of captain, serving respectively as ordnance officer, 
quartermaster and commissary. 

Some old and highly prized papers, now in possession of his 
family, are worthy of reproduction here. 

The first is headed. 

"Headquarters, 2nd Brigade, 

1st Division. Camp Davenport, 

Jackson Co.. February 3, 1864. 
"Major : 

"I have the honor to report that Lieut. X. Burruss. of Capt. 
Cummings' Company of Infantry, has made his way from Mata- 
moras. and reported to me for duty (a few days since). I have 
assigned him temporarily to duty as Instructor of Infantry Tac- 
tics, and would respectfully ask that the assignment be approved 
by the General commanding, and Lieut. Burruss left with my 
command. He is an excellent officer, and his services with me 
will assist very much in disciplining both my own. the Cadets, 
and the Troops of the State Service. 

-Very Respectfully, Major, 
"Your Obe. Servt. 

"James Duff. 

Colonel Commanding." 

Endorsements : 

"Headquarters, Second Brigade. First Division. 

Camp Davenport. February 3, 1864. 
"James Duff, 

Colonel Commanding: 

"'As to Lieut. Burruss asking that his assignment to duty as 
Instructor of Tactics be confirmed by the General Command- 
ing 



NATHANIEL BURRUSS 393 

"Headquarters, Array in the Field, 

E wing's Plantation. 

"Respectfully forwarded Feb. 6th, 1864, with the remark that 
Lieut. Burruss belonged to Captain Cummings, six months, Vol- 
unteers at Brownsville, and was the only man of that company 
that was true to his colors. I ask that the appointment of Colonel 
Duff be approved. 

"(Signed) H. P. Bee, 

Brigadier Gen. Commanding, 
Houston, 

Feb. 1864. 

"Headquarters, Div. of Texas, 
Xew Mexico and Arizona. 

"Approved by order of Major General Magruder, 
(Signed) Ed S. Turner, 
A. A. General. 

"Headquarters, Second Division, 
First Brigade, Camp in Lavaca, 

Feb. 7, 1864. 
"Official, 

Rich Taylor, 

Capt. 33rd T. C. and A. A. A. G." 

At the close of the war, Captain Burruss having returned to 
his home in Norfolk, was elected captain of the volunteer com- 
pany known as the "Norfolk City Guard,' 7 which he commanded 
for several years, during which time he uniformed the entire 
company. He was next commissioned as quartermaster with the 
rank of captain on the staff of Colonel C. A. Xash of the Fourth 
Virginia Volunteer Regiment. He remained in this position until 
1897. when he voluntarily resigned, having served his State in a 
military capacity for a period of thirty years of active service. 

This illustrates the character of the man. Faithful to every 
obligation, he never failed in the complete discharge of a duty. 




MARGARET WALTERS DEY BURRUSS 

RS. MARGARET WALTERS DEY BURRUSS, widow of 
the late Nathaniel Burruss of Norfolk, Virginia, is a 
daughter of William and Margaret Catherine (Walters) 
Dev. Her father was a native resident of Princess Anne 

tj 

County, Virginia ; her mother was a daughter of Captain George 
Walters of Maryland. Particulars regarding her marriage and 
children are given in the sketch of Nathaniel Burrus, her late hus- 
band, in this volume. 

Although the branch of the Dey family to which Mrs. Bur- 
russ belongs has been identified with Virginia since 1790, the 
name is usually associated with New York where the family was 
very prominent for generations and for whom Dey Street was 
named. During the last century Dey Street, Greenwich Street 
and Broadway were the center of fashion as is Fifth Avenue 
to-day. 

In the Revolutionary period a distinguished member of the 
family was Colonel Tunis Dey whose mansion at Preakness, New 
Jersey, served as headquarters for General Washington from July 
1st to November, 1780. 

According to accepted family tradition this family is de- 
scended from one Count Isarn de Die who participated in the 
First Crusade in 1096 and was a grand-master of the French order 
of the Lords and Chevaliers. Evidently, in later generations, 
some of his descendants became Huguenots, for they left France 
after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and settled in Holland 
and Scotland, where the spelling of the name was changed to 
Dey in Holland and Dye in Scotland. Under the same pronuncia- 
tion but with three different spellings the family name has been 
prominent in the annals of four countries, France, Holland, Scot- 
land and America. 

The branch of the family from which Mrs. Burruss descends 
was founded in Virginia by Lewis Dey who came from Middlesex 
County, New Jersey, in 1790, settling in Princess Anne County 
with his son, William Bates Dey, the father of William Dey. 
Lewis Dey had served as captain in Nixon's Light Horse (militia) 
during the Revolution. He was twice married, his first wife being 
Agnes Bates, a native of New Jersey; his second wife, Mrs. Fan- 
nie Williamson of Princess Anne County, daughter of Captain 
Hinley. Lewis Dey was born in 1758 and was baptized in the old 
Shrewsbury Episcopal Church in New Jersey. 

[394] 



TIT 

PUB I 



. ASTC 






MARGARET WALTERS DEY BURRUSS 397 

Mrs. Burruss is a descendant of Captain Nicholas Stillwell, 
who organized a troop of horse in 1644, and in the campaign 
against the Indian King Apechancanough, brother and successor 
of Powhatan, overcame and captured the chief and finally broke 
the power of the tribe. 

She is a granddaughter in the fifth generation of William 
and Mary Tillyer of Staten Island, New York. William Tillyer 
was the sou of John Tillyer, an ensign in the British Army. Till- 
yer deeded St. Andrew's Church, with the land and burying 
ground attached, and this was the first English church on Staten 
Island. 

Mrs. Burruss is a lineal descendant of Obadiah Holmes, a 
native of Manchester, England, who lived in Boston in 1639. 
He was Commissioner-General to the Court from Warrinke, 
Khode Island, in 1655-56, and Commissioner-General to the Court 
from Portsmouth also in 1656. Obadiah Holmes was a descendant 
of the ancient English family of Hulrne, whose ancestral seat was 
in Lancashire. Members of his family were knighted by Henry II 
and their ancestral line dates back to the coming of William the 
Conqueror. 

The Perrin family also takes its place in Mrs. Burruss' gen- 
ealogical chart. This was a distinguished Huguenot family ; one 
of its members served as an officer in the Protestant armies dur- 
ing the terrible religious wars which raged in France during the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. It is recorded that Roger Per- 
rin, Seigneur of Barneville and Eoswell, accompanied William 
the Conqueror, later joining the First Crusade, marching to 
Palestine under Robert, Duke of Normandy. He evidently ac- 
quitted himself gallantly, as he was honorably mentioned in the 
records of that period. It is from this Roger Perrin that the 
immigrant Daniel Perrin who came to this country on the "Ship 
Philip" in 1665 in the suite of his cousin, Sir Philip Carteret, 
the first governor of the Colony of New Jersey, is descended. 

Mrs. Burruss is the granddaughter in the fifth generation of 
this Daniel Perrin and his wife Maria Thorel. She is also a 
lineal descendant of Jan Tomassee Van-Dyke who was born in 
Holland. 

An education, acquired in part at Norfolk College and fin- 
ished in Richmond after the Civil War, has developed Mrs. Bur- 
russ' musical and literary tastes. For many years her home has 
been a social center, from which is dispensed liberal entertain- 
ment to cultured people. She is versatile, and, besides being a 
veteran traveler well acquainted with nearly every place of in- 
terest in our country, she writes travelogues. She has a better 
business equipment than many men of affairs and is a most capa- 
ble manager. She is keenly interested in the civic life of her 
community and takes an active interest in everything that tends 



398 MARGARET WALTERS DEY BURRUSS 

toward its improvement. She belongs to Christ Episcopal 
Church; and is also a member of the Norfolk Country Club, the 
Woman's Club, and the Colonial Dame Club of the city of Wash- 
ington. 

For several years she served as president of the Entertain- 
ment Committee of the "Retreat for the Sick," now known as the 
"Protestant Hospital" and was successful in raising large sums 
for that institution by entertainments which taxed all of the 
resources of her versatile mind. Prior to the death of Captain 
Burruss in 1908, she entertained elaborately, and even now her 
home is the scene of many pleasant social gatherings and musi- 
cales which young people enjoying her generous hospitality love 
to frequent. 

This lady presents an exceedingly interesting study: three 
distinct racial strains unite in her; French, Dutch and English. 
It would be difficult to find anyone who can trace an ancestry 
from a larger number of distinguished families of America. The 
names of her forbears include Perrin, Tillyer, Thorel, Fontaine, 
Bodine, Holmes, Stillwell, Bates, Thompson, Clark, Bennett, Van- 
Dyke and Dey. She has in her possession the Coats of Arms of 
all the above-mentioned families and that of Count Isarn de Die. 
A descendant of sturdy pioneers, she possesses, as might be ex- 
pected, an unusual share of patriotic spirit. With such an in- 
heritance her natural love for her native country has led her 
into great activity in the leading patriotic societies. She holds 
membership in the Colonial Dames of America in the State of 
Virginia, the Huguenot Society of New York, the Holland Dame 
Society of New York, the Great Bridge, the Daughters of the 
American Revolution, the United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
and the United Daughters of 1812. In the last mentioned she 
was named by the President-General, Mrs. Flora Adams Darling, 
as the first president of the State of Virginia ; she resigned from 
that position to serve as first vice-president, which office she filled 
until 1912. 

She has a right to pride in so distinguished an ancestry and 
her efforts to perpetuate the lives and deeds of these worthy 
ancestors, through the medium of the patriotic societies to which 
she belongs, deserves praise. She is a good citizen in the best sense 
of the word ; one who has lived up to the high privileges of splen- 
did traditions and who has filled her place in her generation 
worthily and with honor. 



PI" 



DFN 



THOMAS HARRY POTTER 

THE uame Potter is doubtless of Xorrnan origin. lu 
ancient times, when the several trades were, to a large 
extent, in the hands of particular families, if its members 
were well skilled in the handicraft, the occupation natur- 
ally gave them notoriety. As the same trade was oftentimes 
pursued generation after generation, there was a certain dignity 
in connection with making the name of the occupation the per- 
manent family name. Then, too, each member of a trade held his 
particular craft in the highest esteem. It is found that, even 
among primitive races, there has always been a tendency to dis- 
tinguish an artificer by the name of his calling. The author of 
the "Teutonic Name System Applied to the Family Names of 
France, England and Germany," respecting the name "Potter," 
says : "It has been remarked that names derived from trades are 
more common in France than in England. I should rather say 
that it is the termination in 4 er' which is more common, and that 
among a multitude of names with this termination there are 
many which accidentally coincide with names of trades. We 
have, in almost all cases, both in French and English, names 
which contain the roots and names which form other compounds. 
Kegarded from this point of view French and English names 
mutually throw great light upon each other. When I doubt 
whether Potter means a maker of pots, it very much strengthens 
my suspicion to find, not only a French Potier, but also Poterie 
with a corroborated termination." 

In a work entitled, ''The French Blood in America,'-' is found 
a list of English surnames of French derivation. Concerning 
these names the author says : ''Many of our American families 
can trace through this source French blood, in very many cases 
known to be Huguenot." The name Potter, French Potier, oc- 
curs in this list. In Bishop Meade's ''Old Churches, Ministers and 
Families of Virginia," page 468, is found a list of the families in 
Virginia who derived their descent from the Huguenots. Bishop 
Meade's information was obtained both from individuals and 
from records. The name Potter is contained in his list. 

The particular family to which the subject of our sketch, 
Thomas Harry Potter, belongs, has been, for several centuries, 
established in England. 

The Coat of Arms of the family is as follows : 

Argent on a pale azure, three wings conjoined of the first. 

[401] 



40- THOMAS HARRY POTTER 

Crest: A star of twelve rays or, between a pair of wings 
argent. 

Thomas Harry Potter, of Troutville, Botetourt County, Vir- 
ginia, was born at Laurel Fork, Carroll County, April 1, 1866. He 
is the son of William Christopher Columbus and Julia Ann 
Omohundro Potter. 

He is one of a family of nine children, namely : Charles S. G. 
Potter, Flourney Bishop, Lou Annie, George Allen, William Col- 
umbus, Thomas Harry, Spottswood Dean, Emma May, and Hanni- 
bal Omohuudro. Charles S. G. and Hannibal Omohundro died in 
childhood. 

George Allen died in the State of Utah in 1906. All the 
others now live and own property in Oklahoma, Colorado and 
Utah. 

Mr. Potter's father, William Christopher Columbus Potter, 
deserves especial mention. He was a stalwart and daring soldier 
during the great war between the States. During his service he 
was promoted, becoming captain. In the years that followed the 
war he became prominent in dentistry and dental surgery. He 
died December 10, 1888. 

William Christopher Columbus Potter's widow, Mrs. Julia 
Ann Omohundro Potter, has recently passed her eighty-third 
birthday. She is the joy and comfort of her family. She is vigor- 
ous both in mind and body. Her devotion to her family is mani- 
fested by her ready response to their urgent invitations for her 
presence in their home. She has made her tenth trip across the 
Rocky Mountains, visiting those members of her family who have 
made their home in the West. 

William Christopher Columbus Potter's family was divided 
in the great strife. His brother, Tazewell Potter, served as cap- 
tain of an Indiana company in the Northern Army, and lost his 
life in the cause. 

This branch of the family lived in Missouri, the old Potter 
burying ground being near Pikeville. Thomas Harry Potter's 
grandfather, William Christopher Potter, came to Virginia soon 
after the War of the Revolution. He has the distinction of being 
one of the early teachers in Virginia. And it is to men of his 
like that the South owes a lasting debt of gratitude. There are 
numerous instances on record of English school masters and the 
service they rendered in Colonial days, before the system of pub- 
lic schools was inaugurated in Virginia. His influence on his stu- 
dents was of incalculable value to the Commonwealth. 

It is interesting to note the recurrence of the name "Chris- 
topher" in the Potter family. 

The first of the Robinson family of whom there is any ac- 
count in Virginia married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher 
Potter, of Cleasby, Yorkshire, England. This branch of the fam- 



THOMAS HARRY POTTER 403 

ily settled in Middlesex Parish, Virginia. We also find a record 
of Dr. Henry Potter, the celebrated botanist, in Middlesex 
County. 

Through Mr. Potter's maternal line he is a descendant of the 
distinguished Omohundro family, which came to Virginia from 
Ireland. They were established in Westmoreland County, 
and were also large slave owners in Norfolk County. There is a 
street in Norfolk, Va., named for this fine old Colonial family. 

Thomas Harry Potter's early childhood and youth were 
passed in the country. He attended the Mountain Normal School. 
His scholarship was of a high order and he received a diploma in 
the business department of this school. 

The following account is given of Mr. Potter's career. As a 
young lad he commenced life as a clerk in the store of a joint 
stock company, the salary being purely nominal. But this posi- 
tion did not long satisfy the ambitious young man. He engaged 
in other business, and, five years later, moved to the country. He 
subsequently sold the farm property which he owned and invested 
the proceeds in other acreage. In addition to his many duties in 
connection with the supervision and direction of his agricultural 
property, Mr. Potter has time for other enterprises. He is Presi- 
dent of the People's Exchange Bank of Troutville, and has been 
for two terms the nominee of the Democratic party to the Legis- 
lature. He gives of his time freely in the service of education. 
He is Clerk of the School Board at this present time, a position 
he has filled creditably for the past ten years. Mr. Potter has 
some excellent theories for the public schools of the State and is 
a thorough believer in compulsory school laws. At present he is 
trying to interest philanthropists to donate funds to the common 
schools, as well as to colleges and universities. The subject of 
child-welfare is the one nearest to Mr. Potter's heart. He believes 
that to properly train the child is to safeguard the nation. 

Mr. Potter is a follower of William Jennings Bryan. He, 
like Mr. Bryan, is an ardent temperance advocate. Mr. Potter 
is a frequent contributor to the County papers and gives a great 
deal of his time to reading and study. Among those books which 
he has found most helpful he acknowledges his indebtedness, first, 
to the Bible, then to biographies of great and good men. In point 
of vocation Mr. Potter has chosen the basic industry, agriculture. 
He is intensely interested in country life and stock raising, be- 
lieves that the activity of the "middle-man' 7 should be curtailed 
and that farm products should be standardized and sold on their 
own merit. 

Mr. Potter was first married at Dobson, North Carolina, Au- 
gust 1, 1888, to Elizabeth Hylton, the daughter of Bethuel and 
Catherine Hylton. Elizabeth was born August 9, 1870, and died 
September 12, 1899. His second wife was Lavenia Harman, the 



404 THOMAS HARRY POTTER 

daughter of Jonas and Martha Harman, born August 24, 1872. 
Mr. Potter's children by his first wife are as follows : Edward Lee 
Potter, Hannibal Ellis, Lola Dean, Belva Julia, Ferry Bryan and 
Lizzie Ethel May. His children by his second wife are Thomas 
Willoughby, Charles Steptoe, Jonas Orian, Virginia Ella, Annie 
Marye, Harry Harman, William Columbus and John Kussell. 
All of these are living except Virginia Ella, who died November 
8, 1911. Edward Lee and Hannibal Ellis have each graduated 
at Washington and Lee University. Ferry Bryan is at present a 
student in the same institution. Lola D. has graduated from St. 
Vincent's Hospital, of Norfolk. Belva J. is a graduate of 
the State Normal School, at Farmville, and is now teaching 
at Woodstock, Virginia. Edward, for the past two years, has been 
studying law in the George Washington University, passed the 
State Bar examination in June, 1915, and is now practicing law 
at Hopewell, Virginia. He was a former Superintendent of 
Schools in the Philippine Islands. Hannibal Ellis is Principal of 
the Norwood High School, and loves his profession. 

In fraternal circles Mr. Potter is a member of the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows, District Deputy Grand Master, Con- 
sul, of M. W. A. He is a member of the Baptist Church, in which 
he serves both as clerk and deacon. 



UBLIC L 



DAVID TERRY WILLIAMS 

FOR a period of nearly twenty years David Terry Williams 
was closely associated with the commercial and financial 
development of Richmond, Virginia, and during that time 
he was one of the most useful and enterprising citizens of 
the capital city. 

Mr. Williams was born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in 
February, 1828, and died at Richmond, May 21, 1873. He was a 
son of Thomas Terry Williams and his wife, Betsy Carter. In 
the paternal line he was descended from William Williams, who 
married Lucy Terry in 1740. Their son, David Champness 
Williams also married a Lucy Terry, and their son, Thomas, was 
the father of the subject of this memoir. 

The surname Williams is an ancient and numerous one in 
England and Wales and is found among the records of the earliest 
American settlers. 

There are over one hundred Williams Coats of Arms described 
by authorities on heraldry. The arms used by various descend- 
ants of William Williams of Virginia are thus described : 

"Or, a lion rampant, gules on a chief argent. 

Crest : an eagle's wings expanded proper reposing a dexter 
foot on a mound or." 

David T. Williams was left an orphan at the age of seven 
years and was reared by his grandmother. He was educated in 
the schools of Pittsylvania County and began business life as a 
general merchant at Brook Neal, Campbell County, Virginia, 
where he remained five years. At the age of twenty-six he re- 
moved to Richmond and established himself as a commission mer- 
chant, and by his fair dealing, pleasing address and good tact, 
soon became successful and prosperous. 

In 1861 he became a member of the banking firm of Williams, 
Peters and Company of Richmond, which in 1863 was succeeded 
by Mr. Williams as sole proprietor of the banking house. The 
termination of the Civil War, so disastrous to the Confederate 
States, seriously affected Mr. Williams' finances. 

Mr. Williams was devoted to the interests of the Confederate 
States and helped both the men and the cause in many ways. Al- 
though legally exempt from service in the army, he served in the 
troops defending Richmond and did his full share in that service. 
His office and his home were placed at the disposal of the sick 
and wounded soldiers, where they received tender care. Captain 

[ 407 ] 



408 DAVID TERRY WILLIAMS 

Frederick M. Colston of Baltimore, in a recent letter to Mrs. 
Williams, says in reference to her late husband : "When I came 

/ \j 

to Richmond, a paroled prisoner from Appomattox, Mr. Williams 
and you received me into your house and hospitably entertained 
me until I was permitted to come home to Baltimore. Mr. 
Williams was kind to us all and I cherish his memory with affec- 
tion and respect." 

Soon after the evacuation of Richmond he went abroad to 
recuperate his health and upon his return in 1866, he resumed 
business as a commission merchant with varying success. His 
extraordinary mental and physical exertions to retrieve his 
fortunes again interfered with his health, and in 1870 he disposed 
of the business. 

In 1872 Mr. Williams became a member of the firm of 
Williams, Johnson and Company, and established the Manufac- 
turers' Tobacco Exchange, with which he was actively identified 
at the time of his death. 

Mr. Williams was twice married. Bv his first marriage in 

> 

1850 to Miss Elvira S. Thornton, daughter of Dr. Richard Thorn- 
ton, of Halifax County, Virginia, he had two children, one who 
died iii infancy, and the other, David Thomas Williams, who died 
July 4, 1865, at the age of fourteen years. 

He married secondly in 1859, Sallie Wilmouth Williams, a 
cousin, daughter of Robert W. and Elizabeth Martin Williams. 
Of this marriage five boys and tw T o girls were born. The sons 
died in boyhood. The daughters, Annie Ruffin and Lucy Hoge 
married and had issue, namely : 

Annie Ruffin Williams married February 7, 1893, Riley Miles 
Gilbert of Columbus, Ohio, who died August 22, 1909. * Their 
children are: Annie, Mary Frances and Riley Miles Gilbert. 

Lucy Hoge Williams married September 28, 1892, Henry 
Cecil Bash, of Baltimore, Maryland. They had one child, Enderlin 
Carter. All of this family are deceased. Mrs. Bash died August 
11, 1896, Enderlin Carter Bash died August 27, 1896, aged three 
years; Henry Cecil Bash died in 1912. 

In religious belief David T. Williams was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. His fraternal affiliations included Joppa 
Lodge of Masons and Richmond Commandery Knights Templar. 
He had an extensive acquaintance and many friends in North 
Carolina and Virginia, by whom he was beloved and trusted. 
Public spirited, liberal and sincere in his attachments, Mr. 
Williams was possessed of a persevering and hopeful disposition 
which never yielded as long as health and strength held out. He 
was a man to whom people went for advice in personal trouble 
as well as in business perplexity, sure of his sympathy and aid. 



PUBLIC LI 




8 



' ff 





THOMAS ROANE BARNES WRIGHT 

THE late Judge T. R. B. Wright, of Tappahannock, Vir- 
ginia, was born in the town, where his life was spent, on 
July 4, 1839, and died at his home on April 20, 1914, being 
then in his seventy-fifth year. His parents were Captain 
William Alfred and Charlotte (Barnes) Wright. His grandpar- 
ents were Edward and Mary (Pitts) Wright, of Wrightsville, 
King and Queen County. His great-grandfather was William 
Wright, who, with two brothers, James and Thomas, came from 
Scotland in the seventeenth century and took up large grants of 
land in what is now known as Essex and King and Queen Coun- 
ties. In both the paternal and maternal lines he was descended 
from ardent patriots who were gallant Revolutionary soldiers, 
and men who later became eminent jurists. His father was a sol- 
dier in the War of 1812. In his family line appear such disting- 
uished Virginia names as Roane, Ruffin, Ritchie, Brockenbrough. 
His legal tastes were almost equally an inheritance with his patri- 
otic devotion to his country. 

His education was the best that ante-bellum Virginia could 
furnish. He attended Fleetwood Academy, King and Queen 
County, then conducted by Oliver White; Hanover Acad- 
emy, of which the distinguished Colonel Lewis Minor Cole- 
man was principal, who later was professor of Latin at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. At Hanover Academy his teacher was Colo- 
nel Hillary P. Jones, who was later one of the most distinguished 
artillery officers of the Civil War ; at the same time he had as his 
mathematical teacher Captain John Hampden Chamberlayne, 
who later became editor of the "Richmond State." In 1859 he 
entered the University of Virginia where, in the School of Latin, 
he came under his old teacher, Professor Coleman. Taking the 
academic course he had won several diplomas when, in April, 
1861, the Civil War broke out, and the young man, as ardent in his 
patriotism as his Revolutionary ancestors, dropped his studies 
to become a soldier. 

With his elder brother, William A. Wright, and his younger 
brother, Richard Edward Wright, he enlisted. The elder brother 
became captain of the Essex sharp-shooters, and fell in one of the 
Seven Days' Battles around Richmond, while gallantly leading 
his company. The two younger brothers participated in the gal- 
lant charge on Fort Harrison and there the younger brother w r as 
killed, falling into the arms of the surviving brother. Undis- 

[411] 



412 THOMAS ROANE BARNES WRIGHT 

inayed by these fatalities which had taken his beloved brothers, 
the survivor continued to discharge every military duty with 
fidelity and courage. His war record began two days after the 
fall of Fort Sumter when, as a student volunteer in a company 
of university students knoAvn as u The Southern Guard,' 7 he went 
to Harper's Ferry. He then became a private in the Second 
Company of the "Richmond Howitzers," which won fame at the 
battle of Big Bethel. In 1862, after the failure of McClellan's 
campaign against Richmond, he was transferred to Company F, 
55th Virginia Regiment, then commanded by Colonel Francis 
Mallory and attached to Field's Brigade of Captain A. P. Hill's 
Division. 

While acting as Field Marshal of Ordnance for Archer's and 
Walker's Brigades he was elected lieutenant of Company A, and 
later promoted on the field of battle for gallantry. Dangerously 
wounded in the assault on Fort McRae, in front of Petersburg, 
on September 30, 1864, he lay exposed on the field of battle for 
several days and nights. Rescued from such dangerous surround- 
ings he was carried to the old Seabrook warehouse in Richmond 
and thence transferred to Chimborazo Hospital, where he lingered 
for a long period between life and death. Loving the Lost Cause 
with all the ardor of his nature, his love did not grow cold when 
peace came, and "old soldiers" came to him as to one willing 
and ready to aid them in time of trouble. His interest and love 
survived to the end of his life, as was evidenced by his election 
as commander when Wright Latane Camp was formed, and was 
still commander when death came. 

The war ended, the young man took up the duties of peace 
with the same serious-minded devotion that he had given to his 
duties as a soldier. He studied law, profiting much in his studies 
by the friendly instruction of James M. Matthews. He was 
licensed to practice by Judge W. T. Joynes, of the Supreme Court 
of Appeals, and by Judge Meredith, of the Circuit Court of Rich- 
mond. 

In 1868 he entered upon the practice of his profession but 
had only been at the Bar two years when he was elected Common- 
wealth's Attorney for Essex County. By successive re-elections 
he served in that office twenty years, until elected by the General 
Assembly, on December 14, 1891, as Judge of the Ninth Judicial 
Circuit, and bv successive re-elections he continued to fill that 

V 

office until after the adoption of the new Constitution, when he 
became Judge of the Twelfth Judicial Circuit, in which capacity 
he was serving at the time of his death. His service as Common- 
wealth's Attorney and as Judge covered a period of more than 
forty years of continuous service, and the bare statement of that 
fact is in itself the highest eulogy. 

As a judge on the bench, no man was ever more insistent for 



THOMAS ROANE BARNES WRIGHT 413 



justice than Judge Wright. No detail of a case was lost sight 
no labor was spared to insure justice. When remonstrated with 
by friends that he was imposing unnecessary labor upon himself 
his only reply was that he was doing no more than his duty. It 
is not surprising that he was re-elected term after term. 

A many-sided man, but with great singleness of purpose, 
he was ready to expend time, labor and money in the interest of 
any movement that would contribute to the welfare of his beloved 
country and his fellowrnen. Busy as he was, he often found time 
to initiate movements contributory to the purpose which lay so 
close to his heart. Out of this feeling grew the movement which 
resulted in making the county courthouses of his section veritable 
museums of history. 

He turned the galleries of the court houses into art galleries, 
adorned with portraits of the worthiest who had made the coun- 
try. He made functions of the presentation of these portraits. 
Impressive and appropriate ceremonies marked the presentations 
and due entry was made in the Order Book of the Court. The 
addresses in full were published in local papers, periodicals and 
magazines, thus making a valuable contribution to the historical 
literature of the country. The donors and the people generally 
thus became more interested in the doings of bygone patriots and 
a proper pride was aroused in the care and improvement of the 
buildings in which these treasures are housed. As far back as 
1907 the Baltimore "Manufacturers' Record" made a list of 273 
of these portraits preserved in the Counties of King and Queen, 
Essex, Lancaster, Matthews, Middlesex, Northumberland, Glou- 
cester and King William. 

Judge Wright frequently contributed articles to law jour- 
nals, periodicals and newspapers. His only writing outside of 
these was a booklet entitled ''Westmoreland County, Va.," of 
which Chas. Francis Adams wrote: "Your account of Westmore- 
land County, Va., is so valuable that it seems wrong to retain it 
in a private library. I have therefore donated it to the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society to complete their much consulted col- 
lection." 

There is real inspiration in such work as this inaugurated 
by a true patriot whose earnest desire was to see the men of to- 
day emulate, if they did not surpass, their forbears of heroic 
memory. Another similar work deserves special mention. Bap- 
tized in St. John's (Protestant Episcopal) Church, at Tappahan- 
nock, by Rev. Henry Waring Lewis Temple, Rector of South 
Franham Parish, and confirmed by Bishop John Johns, he was a 
life-long and devout churchman, holding office for forty years as 
a vestryman. Growing out of his love for the church he was an 
active member of the Commission on Colonial Churches appointed 



414 THOMAS ROANE BARNES WRIGHT 

by the Episcopal Council of Virginia. The Journal of the Coun- 
cil held at Kichmond, in May, 1914, thus speaks : 

"The Rev. George M. Brydon read Report of the Commission 
on Colonial Churches : 

" 'The Commission on Colonial Churches has, during the past 
year, been carrying on its work as opportunity has offered. It 
has suffered a serious loss in the recent death of one of its mem- 
bers, Judge T. R. B. Wright, of Essex County. Loving his Church 
and his State with an intensity which showed itself in constant 
action, and intensely proud of the history of both, for many years 
he gave unstintedly of his time and care to the preservation of 
the historic material, and the commemoration of the makers of 
history in the Counties of the district over which he presided as 
Judge. He gave the same interest and care to the work of the 
Colonial Churches Commission from the time of its organization 
and was one of its most active and efficient members. A member 
of this Council for many years and widely loved, we thank God 
for the abiding influence of a life well lived, and a work well 
done. 7 

"Judge A. W. Wallace, following an eloquent address, offered 
the following minute, which was adopted by a rising vote : 'This 
Council has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Judge 
T. R. B. Wright, of Tappahannock, Virginia, and as an expression 
of the same it puts on record its tribute to a life lived on the 
highest plane of citizenship, both religious and civil.' 

His historic work won from the people he loved the title of 
Father of County Shrines in Virginia. He richly deserved the 
title. 

Not a politician in the usual sense of the word, he was a pro- 
found politician in the correct sense, and impelled by civic duty, 
was never lax in the discharge of that duty. 

It thus happened that he frequently participated in State and 
National campaigns as canvasser for the State-at-large several 
times; Presidential Elector in 1888; member of the Democratic 
State Committee; and, at the time of his elevation to the Bench, 
was chairman of the First District Committee. On November 29, 
1876, Judge Wright was married to Miss Margaret Davidella 
Preston, of Lewisburg, West Virginia, whose ancestry included 
such families as the Prestons, Creighs, Stuarts and Lewises of 
Virginia and West Virginia. 

The children of this marriage are Preston Wright, Jeannette 
Creigh Wright, Charlotte Barnes Wright, Margaret Davidella 
Wright, Thomas Roane Barnes Wright, and William Alfred 
Wright. 

A life-long member of the church in which he was baptized 
in infancy and forty years a member of its vestry, the resolutions 
spread upon the minutes of the vestry are so comprehensive that 
they are worthy of a place here did space permit. 



THOMAS ROANE BARNES WRIGHT 415 

A man of intellectual force and wide attainments, he was a 
great man, not because of these things, but because he was a good 
man, a just man, a faithful man, who loved and served his fellow- 
men to the limits of his opportunity and ability. 



WILLIAM HENRY WYATT, JR. 

THE English family name of Wyatt is derived from the 
Anglo-Saxon "Wighardt" or "Wigheard," which in time 
became softened into "Wigard," then transformed into 
"Whyart," then into "Whyatt," and finally into "Wyatt." 
The original form of the root word was "war strong," and the 
history of the family shows that they lived up to the original 
meaning of the name very faithfully. 

The first authentic record that we have of this family is that 
they were located at South Haigh, in the west riding of York- 
shire, and they had attained to a very considerable position in the 
community as early as the time of Edward III. They seem to 
have migrated into Essex, Kent and Sussex in the early part of 
the sixteenth century, for Thomas Wyatt was located at Flans- 
ham, in Sussex, in 1523. At the same time a branch of the family 
was located in Kent, which became a very distinguished line, 
holding AUington Castle and later Boxley. There was another 
branch in Somersetshire in 1630, but they moved back to Sussex. 
The Virginia family of this name comes from the branch that 
was located in Kent. The line of descent has been traced from 
Adam, of Yorkshire, in the direct male line to William, Richard, 
Jeoffrey, Richard, Sir Henry, Sir Thomas, Sir Thomas (the 
younger), George and Rev. Hawte Wyatt, a younger son of 
George, who came to Virginia in 1621 as chaplain to his elder 
brother, Sir Francis Wyatt, who was Governor of Virginia from 
1621 to 1626, and again from 1639 to 1642. Sir Francis Wyatt 
was one of the best of the Colonial Governors, and the struggling 
Colony made headway under his management. During his first 
period of rule occurred the Indian Massacre of 1622, which was a 
setback, but this was overcome. When he finally returned to 
England, he was accompanied by his brother, Rev. Hawte Wyatt, 
and both of them died in England and were buried at Boxley, in 
Kent, which was the seat of the family. 

Reference has been made to Sir Francis Wyatt as Colonial 
Governor. That he was a fighting man is proven by the fact that, 
in 1624, at the head of sixty men, he inflicted an overwhelming 
defeat on a force of over eight bumdred Indians. The Virginia 
family is, however, not descended from him, but from his brother, 
Rev. Hawte Wyatt, who was twice married and who left sons. 
The names of three of these sons we know : Edward, George and 
John. Edward and George certainly remained in Virginia, for 

[416] 



N FfSUNDAri: 



WILLIAM HENRY WYATT, JR. 419 

George purchased land from the Colonial Government, 400 acres 
in York, in 1642, and 250 acres in James City, in 1645, while 
Edward patented land in Gloucester, 370 acres on April 19, 1662, 
for bringing into the Colony eight persons, and 1230 on July 20, 
1662, for bringing in twenty persons. In addition to these patents 
he acquired by purchase 850 acres in York County, on September 
3, 1663, giving him a total acreage of 2450 acres. Conquest 
Wyatt, son of Edward, patented 530 acres on Haccades Creek, in 
Gloucester County, in 1672. In 1690 he was a vestryman of 
Petsworth Parish, and in 1705 Sheriff of the County. George's 
son, Henry, patented lands in Henrico, on October 7, 1679, and in 
New Kent County, on April 20, 1682. In 1686 Henry Wyatt was 
a vestryman in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, and from 
1692 to 1703 was Warden of the Parish. He was born in 1647 
and died in 1703. 

Keverting to the English family, they had held for sev- 
eral generations not only a conspicuous station in English so- 
ciety, but had a most interesting history. Sir Henry Wyatt, who 
was the sixth in descent from Adam, of Yorkshire, was a very 
prominent citizen of Kent, the owner of Allington Castle, and was 
bitterly opposed to the pretensions of Richard III. He was a 
very prominent man in his day, and highly esteemed by King 
Henry VIII, in whose reign he died, in the year 1537. Sir 
Thomas (the elder), son of Sir Henry, had a most checkered his- 
tory. He was a college man, and a graduate of Oxford. In Eng- 
lish biography, Sir Thomas is known as "the poet," and was con- 
sidered a poet of very considerable merit in his generation. Sent 
on a diplomatic mission by the King, when merging into middle 
life, he died suddenly of a malignant fever, leaving a son, Sir 
Thomas (the younger). This Sir Thomas married Jane, daughter 
of Sir William Hawte, by whom he had ten children, three of 
whom married and left issue. Sir Thomas was a very capable 
soldier, brave to the point of recklessness, and yet pos- 
sessed of a due share of caution in the handling of soldiers. He 
was bitterly opposed to the Spanish marriage of Queen 
Mary, and leagued himself with Courtenay, Earl of Devon- 
shire, and other noblemen in opposition to it. When the an- 
nouncement of the marriage was promulgated, they rose in 
rebellion. All the conspirators were easily overcome or cap- 
tured by the Government except Wyatt, who won some little 
successes, and then at the head of four thousand men marched 
upon London. The Court was in consternation and the Queen 
fled, but gaining a few days' delay, they rallied, got the citizens of 
London to take the part of the Government, and Wyatt, after a 
struggle in the streets of London, was overcome, captured, tried 
and executed. After the death of Sir Thomas Wyatt, the estate 
of Boxley, which had been confiscated, was later returned to his 



420 WILLIAM HENRY WYATT, JR. 

son George by the Government. This George was the father of 
Sir Francis Wyatt and Kev. Hawte Wyatt, the founder of the 
Virginia family. 

The Wyatts were stout churchmen as well as stout soldiers. 
Bishop Meade, in his work, "Old Churches and Families of Vir- 
ginia," mentions that Conquest Wyatt (or Colquitt, as he has it) 
was a vestryman in Petsworth Parish, Gloucester Francis, 
Edward, Peter and John Wyatt also serving as vestrymen in this 
old Parish. Henry was a vestryman in St. Peter's Parish, New 
Kent County. At a later date John Wyatt was a vestryman in 
Amherst Parish, and F. J. Wyatt in St. George's Parish of Spott- 
sylvania. 

In the Revolutionary period, having by that time largely 
multiplied, the Wyatt families lived up to their record as fight- 
ing men, furnishing eighteen soldiers to the Revolutionary Army. 
Of these, Carey, Pittman and Hubbard were captains the other 
fifteen apparently were privates. They were Edward, Elisha, 
Francis, George, Henry, John, Lewis, Peter, Peterson, Richard, 
Spivey, Stephen, Theophilis, Thomas and William Wyatt. Of 
this list, William Wyatt was the great-great-grandfather, and 
Stephen Wyatt the great-uncle of William Henry Wyatt, Jr., the 
subject of this sketch, who was born in Richmond, Virginia, April 
29, 1870, son of William Henry and Martha E. (Gibson) Wyatt. 
Mr. Wyatt is the fifth William Henry Wyatt in his family and 
his son is the sixth. 

It will be noticed in the foregoing that, while there are many 
names outside of these few, the names of William, Henry, Francis, 
George, Thomas, Edward and Richard have been preferred names 
in the Wyatt family for very many generations. 

Mr. Wyatt's father, grandfather and great-grandfather were 
cabinet makers. His grandfather, Edward Branch Wyatt, served 
his apprenticeship with John Turpin in old Manchester, now 
South Richmond. His father, William Henry Wyatt, who re- 
cently retired from business, was later in life a coach builder. 

The Virginia records show, between 1641 and 1831, forty- 
five land patents issued to members of this family in Virginia, 
ranging from James City County, in the extreme east, to Tyler 
and Randolph Counties, now in West Virginia. The area of the 
land embraced in these patents amounts to over thirty-two thou- 
sand acres; and at one time the family settled in New Kent 
owned over ten square miles of land. It is of some interest to 
look over these old grants and see why they w r ere made. The first 
one to Henry Wyatt, in 1641, was granted for the betterment of 
the Colony. The next, in 1642, to George Wyatt, was by pur- 
chase. In 1643, two thousand acres were granted to Sir Francis, 
the Governor, for bringing forty persons into the Colony. It will 
be remembered that, at that time, fifty acres were granted to 



WILLIAM HENRY WYATT, JR. 421 

every person who would bring in one immigrant. From these old 
records we see that different Wyatts brought in one hundred and 
forty-six persons, and received therefore seventy-three hundred 
acres of land. In 1720 we come upon Edward, who bought two 
hundred acres in Isle of Wight County for twenty shillings ; and 
in 1743 Francis bought three hundred and seventy-seven acres in 
Prince George for forty shillings, and another hundred acres for 
ten shillings, and yet another two hundred acres in Amelia for 
twenty shillings. It is quite likely that William Henry Wyatt, 
Jr., would like to buy some of these Virginia lands to-day at the 
same prices that the older generations paid. 

William Henry Wyatt, Jr., was educated in the Richmond 
public schools, and as a youth learned the trade of printer, becom- 
ing a member of the Richmond Typographical Union, No. 90, in 
which he still holds membership. Possessed of an unusual de- 
gree of capacity and a most pleasing personality, he ventured in 
other directions, and became recognized as one of the honorable 
business men of the city, and was finally elected to the position 
in which he is now serving that of High Constable of Richmond. 
In his present responsible position, Mr. Wyatt is discharging 
with fidelity the duties of the office with which he has been 

> 

entrusted, and is held in the highest esteem by every class of 
citizens. 

He is a strong f raternalist ; a thirty-second degree Mason, 
and holds membership in the Royal Arcanum, the Red Men, the 
Eagles, the Junior Order of United American Mechanics; is an 
active member of the Y. M. C. A. and of the Richmond Chamber of 
Commerce. Religiously, he is associated with the Grace Street 
Baptist Church ; and a work to which he is peculiarly devoted, and 
to which he is splendidly adapted, that of Bible study, appeals to 
him so strongly that he has been made President of the Business 
Men's Bible Class. He is heartily in line with the present senti- 
ment against the liquor traffic in our country, and believes that 
abstinence from the use of alcoholic drinks and of cigarettes will 
promote most highly the welfare of our people. In his reading 
he puts the Bible first of all. 

From every standpoint his political affiliation is with the 
Democratic party, but as a holder of public office, he exercises no 
favoritism on account of political opinion. 

Mr. Wyatt has been twice married. First, to Minnie Louise 
Neisz, daughter of Charles and Helena Neisz, of Richmond. This 
marriage was contracted December 22, 1892, and three children 
were born of the union Grace, Helena and William Henry 
Wyatt. 

After the death of the first wife, he married her sister, Ida 
Mary Neisz, on May 1, 1906. The issue of this marriage is one 
son, Edward Branch Wyatt. 



422 WILLIAM HENRY WYATT, JR. 

William Henry Wyatt, Jr., is son of William Henry Wyatt, 
Sr., born April 30, 1840, and still living. He is son of Edward 
Branch Wyatt, born 1809, died 1854. He was son of William 
Wyatt, Jr., born about 1770, died December, 1857. He was son 
of William Wyatt, born, about 1728, died March 16, 1808. He 
was son of Thomas Wyatt, born about 1699, died in February, 
1759, in Chesterfield County. Thomas Wyatt's personal estate 
was ordered appraised March 2, 1759, in the thirty-third year of 
the reign of George II. Mention was made in the appraisement of 
seventy pounds sterling being left to him by Henry Wyatt, who 
evidently had died only a short time earlier. His widow, Eliza- 
beth, later transferred the land to the son William. This, Wil- 
liam's will, was probated March 16, 1808. 

The line from William H. Wyatt, Jr., back to Thomas, is 
entirely clear. Thomas Wyatt was born about 1699. It will be 
remembered that George and his brother Edward were the 
founders of the Virginia family. Investigation made by Dr. 
Lyon Tyler, of William and Mary College, through Mr. William 
Henry Wyatt, of England, shows that Thomas Wyatt was the 
grandson of Edward, and therefore the son of Conquest Wyatt. 

Enough has been said here, drawn from authentic sources, 
to show that for six hundred years this ancient English family 
has borne an honorable part in the world's work. Quite a few 
of them have been men of unusual parts and distinction in their 
day ; and the generations of the family settled in Virginia in the 
early days of the Colony did men's work in wresting from the 
wilderness and the savage that noble territory which has come 
to be known as the "Mother of States and of Statesmen." 

William Henry Wyatt, Jr., can look back with pardonable 
pride on the work of his forbears, and is entitled to credit him- 
self for the part which he is playing in his own generation as a 
good citizen. 

The Wyatt Coat of Arms is thus described : 

"Per fesse azure and gules a barnacle argent ringed or. 

"Crest: An ostrich proper holding in the beak a horseshoe 
argent." 

Motto: Honor et Veritas (Honor and Truth). 



RALEIGH JAMES BAKER 

IX business and social circles in Hertford County, North Caro- 
lina, the name of Raleigh James Baker, of Ahoskie, occupies 
a prominent place. Mr. Baker is of English descent and illus- 
trious ancestry. He was born at Harrellsville, North Caro- 
lina, October 7, 1859, a son of George Baker and his wife, Mary 
Ann Outlaw. He attended the public schools of his native place, 
then took up a course in the Commercial College of Kentucky, at 
Lexington. In earlier life he was engaged in farming and general 
merchandising, and has achieved much success in the real estate 
and insurance business. 

The Baker family is an old one, as families go in America, 
but a much older one in Great Britain, where its history goes 
back many centuries in Counties Worcester, Gloucester and Kent, 
and where members of this family were prominent in public 
affairs as early as the twelfth century. Richard Baker was High 
Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1129. and many wills are on file in 
Bristol records showing the family to be possessed of large es- 
tates. The coat armor of the Gioucestershire branch is thus 
described : 

Arms: Azure, three swans- heads erased argent ducally 
gorged or. 

Crest: A naked dexter arm proper, holding a swan's head 
erased argent. 

Motto : Honos Virtutis Satelles. 

The Baker family to which this sketch relates descends from 
Major Henry Baker, who was born in Gloucester, England, in 
1645, and early in life came to Virginia and settled in Isle of 
Wight County. No relationship can be found between Major 
Henry Baker and Thomas Baker, who came from Kent, England, 
in 1635, and settled in Massachusetts. Major Baker was a suc- 
cessful merchant at Smithfield. and filled many positions of honor 
and trust. In 1692-93 he represented his County in the House 
of Burgesses. He married Mary, daughter of General Edward 
Bennett, and had children Henry, Lawrence. William, Sarah, 
Mary, Catharine and Elizabeth. He died in 1712 and by his will, 
proved July 28 of that year, we find that he was possessed of a 
large tract of land extending in various parcels from Smithfield, 
Virginia, to beyond Gatesville, North Carolina. When County 
lines were subsequently established, the lauds conveyed by Ma- 
jor Baker to his sous Henry. William and Lawrence were found 

[425] 



426 RALEIGH JAMES BAKER 

to lie in Hertford County, North Carolina, and they became citi- 
zens of this County. 

Colonel Henry Baker, of Chowan Precinct, North Carolina, 
eldest son of the major, was commissioned Colonel in the Colonial 
Militia of his district. He was the proprietor of the first ferry 
crossing Chowan River, between Mt. Gallant Fishery and the 
mouth of the Meherrin River. This ferry was in operation prior to 
1722, and was known as the Henry Baker Ferry. He was twice 
married. By his first wife, Angelica Bray, he had a son Henry. He 
married, secondly, Ruth Chancey, daughter of Honorable Edmond 
Chancey, of Pasquotank County, who was a judge under 
the proprietary government of North Carolina. Colonel Henry 
Baker died in 1738. His will names the following children: 
John, Blake, Mary, Sarah, David, Ruth and Zadock, to each of 
whom he left considerable property. He also left to his son 
Henry, by his first marriage, his home plantation, known as 
"Buckland." This son Henry was a representative in Colonial 
Assembly in 1744-45, and was Justice of the Peace of Chowan 
County. 

Continuing the direct ancestral line of Raleigh J. Baker, of 
Ahoskie, we find that John Baker (afterwards a major in the 
Revolutionary War), the son of Colonel Henry Baker, was born 
in 1726. In 1760 he was chosen the first High Sheriff of Hertford 
County. Having in his veins the blood of a noted military family 
he was destined to go higher, and in May, 1772, we find him men- 
tioned in the report of Colonel Wynn, of the Hertford Militia, 
as Major John Baker, with the recommendation that he be pro- 
moted to lieutenant-colonel. When Hertford County responded 
for men to enter the Continental Army and fight for American 
liberty, Major Baker entered as first lieutenant in the Seventh 
Regiment, in November, 1776. He was promoted to captain in 
July, 1777, and to major in June, 1778. In 1779 he was elected 
State Senator, serving five years. He was a valuable member of 
the General Assembly in those trying times when the country 
needed her wisest and best men in her councils. 

By his wife, Elizabeth, Major John Baker had the following 
children: Henry, Isaac, Benjamin, Dread, Blake, Simon (of 
further mention), and William. 

Simon Baker married in 1791, and among his children was 
a son John, who served in Captain Jenkins' Company from Hert- 
ford in the War of 1812. 

John Baker married, July 16, 1816, Rachel Sowell, daughter 
of George and Kesia Sowell. This couple had sons George, born 
April 25, 1817, and John, born December 6, 1820. John Baker, 
Jr., served in the Confederate Army and was a true and gallant 
soldier. He married Betty Tayloe. He died April 14, 1880. 

George Baker lived at Long Branch, Hertford County, in the 



RALEIGH JAMES BAKER 427 

old Baker homestead. He was a quiet, refined gentleman, and 
was noted for his genuine hospitality. He married, first, in 1839, 
Winifred Williford, who died within a few years, leaving a 
daughter, Lucretia, who married Joseph Winborne. She died 
December 23, 1870, leaving children. 

George Baker married, secondly, December 30, 1845, Mary 
Ann Outlaw, born February 7, 1826, died June 17, 1893. She 
was a daughter of Wiley and Penny Scull Outlaw, of Bertie 
County. 

The children of George and Mary Ann Baker were, (1) 
Amanda, born April 10, 1848, married November 7, 1867, Joseph 
Browne, of Bertie County; (2) William Edward, born November 
26, 1850; (3) Elisha, born December 29, 1846, died March 30, 
1847; (4) John Outlaw, born March 22, 1853; (5) George W., 
born May 1, 1854, died young; (6) George W., born November 
4, 1856; (7) Kaleigh James, born October 7, 1859, as previously 
mentioned. 

George Baker, father of these children, was a man of wealth 
and ease previous to the Civil War, and often served his County 
in official capacities. He lost much as a result of the war, but 
he kept his valuable lands and later gradually got in position 
to enjoy many of his former comforts. He died September 17, 
1891, at a ripe old age. 

His son, Ealeigh J., married, first, January 15, 1884, near 
Kelford, North Carolina, Miss Sallie J. Harrell, daughter of John 
Pembroke and Sarah R. (Garriss) Harrell. She died June 1, 1910, 
leaving the following children: (1) Pembroke, born May 20, 1885, 
now of the firm of Garrett and Baker, general merchants, at Ahos- 
kie, North Carolina; (2) Ruth, born November 18, 1887, married 
April 12, 1910, Carl H., son of Dr. J. H. and Rosa Montgomery 
Mitchell: they have two children, Jessie Harrell, born 1911, Ruth 
James, born 1912; (3) Raleigh J., born 1890, died 1895; (4) Sallie 
R., born May 24, 1892, married December 31, 1912, Sidney P. Wat- 
son, of Wilson, North Carolina. She died July 24, 1914; (5) Tal- 
madge, born July 20, 1894; (6) Rodney Jasper, born May 31, 
1896, died August 31, 1896; (7) Janie Belle, born March 20, 1898. 

Raleigh J. Baker married, secondly, December 26, 1911, Lily 
Walton Scull, widow of W. Drake Scull, and daughter of James 
and Nannie Sharp Walton, of Greensboro, Alabama. 

Thus for eight generations the Bakers have been identified 
with North Carolina, and are among the old and most prominent 
families of the State. 



CALEB DAVIS BRADHAM 

IN the discussion of individual success the comment is fre- 
quently made that "blood will tell." There is no question 
about the accuracy of that statement nor of the fact that 

intellect, integrity, strength of character and the ability of 
leadership are often transmitted through succeeding generations. 
But a man's ambition, energy and intellectual development are 
his own, and professional success or prominence in business and 
public affairs is largely the result of individual effort and capa- 
bility, and not due wholly to heredity. A distinguished represen- 
tative of Welsh and Scotch-Irish stock, whose high reputation is 
well known throughout North Carolina, is Caleb Davis Bradham, 
of New Bern, a descendant of the Bradham-McCann families, 
early settlers of the Old North State. 

Mr. Bradham was born at Chinquapin, Duplin County, North 
Carolina, May 27, 1867, son of George Washington and Julia 
(McCann) Bradham. George W. Bradham was a merchant and 
manufacturer. His parents were Daniel and Nellie (Weller) 
Bradham. Julia McCann Bradham, mother of C. D. Bradham, is 
descended from the Sheffield, Pickett and Goff families. 

According to family tradition her great-grandfather, John 
McCann, brought his family from Scotland prior to the Revolu- 
tion, and it was one of his sons who fell at German town. His 
son, William McCann, married Tabitha Pickett, and their son, 
John McCann, married Mary Sheffield. On the maternal side 
her great-grandfather, Isham Sheffield, married Barbary Boney. 
He was carried off by Tories during the Revolution and never 
returned, but was reported to have died of smallpox on a sailing 
vessel. His widow married secondly Robert Dixon, who in his 
will left property to his step-children, Lincoln and Mary Shef- 
field. Lincoln Sheffield married Mary Goff, and their daughter 
married John McCann. 

According to parish registers, the ancient home of the Brad- 
hams was in County Merioneth, Wales, whence came John Brad- 
ham to Barbadoes, in 1680. From St. Michael's Parish Register 
it is learned that he migrated early in the eighteenth century to 
the Barbadian Colony in North Carolina, founded by Sir John 
Yeamans, and which had then become a prosperous community. 
He took up land in Onslow County, and here his family multi- 
plied and prospered. James and Joseph Bradham removed to 

[428] 



CALEB DAVIS BRADHAM 431 

South Carolina, settling with their families in Orangeburg 
County. 

In the maternal line the ancestral record of Mr. Bradham 
is traced to New Hanover County, North Carolina, where mem- 
bers of the McCann (then spelled Mac Canne) family had settled 
previous to 1727. Nathaniel Mac Canne removed to Duplin 
County in 1743. 

When the War of the Kevolution broke out, the McCann 
family, animated by the noble impulses of a love for their adopted 
country, was represented by every member able to bear arms. 

Among the first of this family whose life was sacrificed in 
the perilous struggle for liberty was Lieutenant John McCann 
(known as "Light-Horse John"), of the North Carolina Conti- 
nental Line. He was killed in the battle of Gerinantown, October 
4, 1777, when Washington's troops, after an all night march, sur- 
prised at daybreak a part of the British army under General 
Howe. The American losses numbered over a thousand. 

Caleb D. Bradham had the advantage of a liberal collegiate 
education at the University of North Carolina and the University 
of Maryland. In 1890 he was a teacher in the public schools, and 
for the past twenty years has been engaged in the drug business 
in New Bern. He has achieved remarkable success in the com- 
mercial world, and through his progressive methods has become 
the leading factor in modernizing his home town. He is the orig- 
inator of the well-known Pepsi Cola formula and the Founder 
and President of the company manufacturing this popular bev- 
erage. The Pepsi Cola factory is located at New Bern, North 
Carolina, with branches at Memphis, Tennessee, and Jackson- 
ville, Florida. In 1909 Mr. Bradham was chosen Vice-President 
of the People's Bank of New Bern, and has continuously occupied 
this position. He is also President of the Bradham Drug Com- 
pany. 

Politically Mr. Bradham is a Democrat, and as chairman of 
the Board of County Commissioners of Craven County has had 
much experience in public affairs and has inaugurated in Craven 
County the modern method of improvements which he put into 
effect in New Bern. 

Many of his fellow-citizens would like to see him in the 
gubernatorial chair of North Carolina. He is closely in touch 
with important matters pertaining to the State and its people, 
and in every way is well qualified to hold the office of Chief Ex- 
ecutive. He would put in operation for the State, no doubt, the 
same sound and economic methods which have characterized his 
business career and made him a forceful leader. 

In military circles Captain Bradham has long been identified 
with the North Carolina Naval Militia in an official capacity; in 
1898 as lieutenant, 1904 as commander, and since 1913 as captain. 



432 CALEB DAVIS BRADHAM 

In 1914 he was appointed by Secretary Daniels, of the United 
States Navy, to membership in the General Naval Militia Board 
for a term of four years. 

His fraternal affiliations include membership in St. John's 
Lodge No. 3, A. F. and A. M., of which he is Past Master. He is 
Past Exalted Ruler of Lodge No. 764 of the Elks; Provincial 
Grand Master Order of Colonial Masters; Past Eminent Com- 
mander St. John's Commandery; Master Kadosh Carolina Con- 
sistory, No. 3. Through the service of his Revolutionary ances- 
tors, he is a member of the North Carolina Chapter of the Society 
of the Cincinnati. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church at 
New Bern, of which he is a trustee. 

Mr. Bradham married, at Rochester, New York, Miss Charity 
Credle, who was born in Hyde County, North Carolina, a daugh- 
ter of Bryan Griffin Credle and his wife, Mary Hatsel. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Bradham are Mary McCann, Caleb Darnall 
and George Washington Bradham. 



THE 
PTTRI 



I 





f / 



JOHN DILLARD BELLAMY 

BELLAMY is an ancient surname prominent in England as 
early as the twelfth century. Of this ancient English 
family comes Honorable John Dillard Bellamy, of Wil- 
mington, North Carolina, who was born in that city March 
24, 1854, a son of Dr. John Dillard Bellamy, physician and plant- 
er, and his wife, Eliza M. Harriss. 

The history of this family in America goes back to the year 
1670, when John Bellamy, with Sir John Yeamans and other 
associates founded the Charleston Colony in South Carolina. 
John Bellamy, a native of London, was a youth at the time of the 
fitting out of the Plymouth Colony, and manifested great interest 
in this pilgrimage. After the occupation of the Barbadoes Island 
by the British in 1625, his venturesome spirit prompted him to 
join the Barbadoes Colony, and it was here that he met Sir John 
Yeamans and became one of the grantees or charterers of the 
Yeamans Colony which, in 1665, effected a settlement of English 
families from Barbadoes at Charleston, South Carolina. Accord- 
ing to a map made in 1711, John Bellamy's plantation was be- 
tween the Ashley and Cooper Kivers, and there he came to live 
about the year 1670. He died possessed of great wealth. His son, 
John Bellamy, settled on the Santee Kiver, in South Carolina, and 
was a large planter. He had a son, John, born in St. George's Par- 
ish, in 1750, likewise christened John. This last-named John 
Bellamy became the father of Dr. John Dillard Bellamy, men- 
tioned above. 

John Bellamy (born 1750) was a man of considerable wealth 
in slaves, real estate and vessel property. Physically of large 
and athletic build he was a leader among men. Nothing mean or 
petty found lodgment in his nature, and he was famed for his 
lavish hospitality. He craved the friendship that it was his royal 
nature to bestow, and among his closest friends was the late John 
Dillard of Eockingham County, North Carolina, for whom he 
named his son. John Dillard was the ancestor of the late Judge 
Dillard, of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. He was a fre- 
quent visitor at the home of John Bellamy and joined him in his 
hunting excursions and in a cruise on one of his sloops. 

Abram Bellamy, a brother of John, was with General Jack- 
son in the Spanish War, as a civil engineer, and moved to Florida 
about 1819, before that State was admitted to the Union. He 
settled on the site of Jacksonville, which city he laid out. He was 

[435] 



436 JOHN DILLARU BELLAMY 

accompanied by his sou, John Bellamy, who became a man of 
great wealth, and the progenitor of numerous descendants who 
have achieved distinction, including the Baileys, Turnbulls, 
Lamars, Eppes, Parkhills and Mays, and Major Burton Bellamy, 
the largest planter in Florida. 

Dr. John D. Bellamy was born in All Saints Parish, South 
Carolina, September 18, 1835, and married, in Wilmington, Miss 
Eliza M., daughter of Dr. William James Harriss, a prominent 
physician, who, when he died in 1839, was Mayor of Wilmington. 

Educated at the College of South Carolina, and a graduate 
of the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Bellamy was a physician 
of great professional prominence. Politically he was a Democrat, 
of the John C. Calhoun school, and an ardent secessionist. While 
he always refused public office, frequently tendered him, yet he 
was for twenty-five years chairman of the Democratic party of 
his County, and saw it increase from only two literate whites in 
the Borough of Wilmington, in 1837, to an overwhelming major- 
ity in 1850 to 1860. At the breaking out of the Civil War he was 
one of the wealthiest men of North Carolina, a director in sev- 
eral railroads and banks and owning, in North and South Caro- 
lina together, on his several plantations, it was said, nearly 
eleven hundred slaves. It was his pride and claim that he never 
sold or separated married slaves, but much of his increase in slave 
property was due to the purchase of others who had wedded 
among his own slaves. He had regularly employed, on an annual 
salary, a Methodist minister to preach to them on the Sabbath, 
and to perform their marriage and burial services. His home at 
Wilmington still stands, is owned by the family, and is one of 
the finest pieces of Southern Colonial architecture extant, having 
immense Corinthian columns surrounding it. It became the 
headquarters successively of General Alfred Terry, General Scho- 
field and General Joseph R. Hawley, when Wilmington was cap- 
tured, in 1865, by the Federal troops, near the close of the Civil 
War. From its portico Chief Justice Chase, then having Presi- 
dential aspirations, made the first speech of reconciliation in 
the South after the war, contending that the Southern States 
were never out of the Union and were entitled to their 
electoral votes. This residence was withheld from the family for 
a number of years by the United States Government, until Presi- 
dent Johnson granted a special pardon to Dr. Bellamy, and 
restored to him his property rights. 

John Dillard Bellamy, lawyer, capitalist, manufacturer and 
an influential factor in State and National politics, is regarded 
as one of the most able men in the South, conservative and 
cautious, but also far-sighted, enterprising and progressive. 

He was privileged to acquire a liberal education at Cape 
Fear Military Academy, conducted at Wilmington by General 



JOHN DILLARD BELLAMY 437 

Kaleigh E. Colston; Davidson College, where he received the 
degree of B.A., and graduated in a number of schools, and also in 
the law department of the University of Virginia, with the de- 
gree B.L., in 1875. For nearly forty years Mr. Bellamy has had 
an active and brilliant career before the Bar of North Carolina, 
both as a general practitioner and as attorney and counsellor for 
many of the largest corporations in the South. He served many 
years as one of the counsels for the Atlantic Coast Line Kailroad 
Company, and in 1912 resigned to accept the appointment of Dis- 
trict Counsel for the Seaboard Air Line Railway. He is also coun- 
sellor for the Western Union Telegraph Company, Southern Bell 
Telephone Company, and many other corporations requiring ex- 
pert legal advice. Mr. Bellamy established, and was the principal 
owner of, the Wilmington Street Railway up to the time of its 
electrification. He is the President of the North Carolina Ter- 
minal Company, President and chief owner of the Bellwill Cotton 
Mills, the largest stockholder of the Delgado Cotton Mills, and a 
director in various industrial enterprises and banks. He was 
Grand Master of the State of North Carolina of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows in 1892, and representative to the Sovereign 
Grand Lodge of that Order for the two following years. 

In public life Mr. Bellamy has rendered valuable service to 
the State and Nation, for years as member of the Democratic 
State Executive Committee, chairman of the County Executive 
Committee, as delegate to National Democratic Conventions, as 
State Senator, and as member of the United States House of 
Representatives. His first public office was that of City Attorney 
of Wilmington, and subsequently Attorney for Brunswick 
County. In 1891 he was elected a member of the Senate of the 
North Carolina Legislature, and in this connection we fittingly 
quote from an editorial estimate appearing in the "Raleigh Ob- 
server :" "Senator Bellamy has made a more favorable reputation 
for ability and learning than any member of this body." 

In 1892 Mr. Bellamy was chosen a Delegate-at-Large to the 
National Democratic Convention at Chicago, and in 1908 was 
again a delegate to the Denver Convention. His entry into 
national politics began in 1898 when he was nominated as Demo- 
cratic candidate for the Fifty-sixth Congress. At that time his 
district was the largest in the State and included the cities of 
Wilmington and Charlotte. It was termed the "shoe-string" dis- 
trict. Mr. Bellamy's opponent was Honorable Oliver H. Dockery, 
the foremost Republican in the State. When the spirited cam- 
paign was over and the votes counted, it was found that Mr. 
Bellamy had carried the district by a majority of 6,000, reversing 
a 5,000 Republican majority in the previous election. His op- 
ponent saw fit to contest his right to incumbency on the plea 
that a local political riot, which occurred three days after the 



438 JOHN DILLARD BELLAMY 

election, was the cause of the result. He did not claim that Mr. 
Bellamy had any part directly or indirectly in the trouble, but 
insisted that his seat in Congress should be withheld as a rebuke 
to the local Democrats. The position of Mr. Bellamy was upheld 
by such distinguished men as Thomas Nelson Page, now Ambas- 
sador to Italy ; the late Honorable John Hay, and former Attorney 
General John W. Griggs. Mr. Page vigorously defended Mr. 
Bellamy in the columns of the "Washington Post," commending 
him as a patriot, gentleman and scholar. Although the matter 
attracted much attention in the public prints, a Congressional 
Committee, upon investigation, found the basis of complaint to 
be unworthy of a report. 

As a tribute to the personal worth of Mr. Bellamy he was 
again elected, in 1901, this time to the Fifty-seventh Congress, by 
a greater majority than the amazing vote polled in 1899. He has 
been urged by the most prominent men in all parts of the State 
to become a candidate for Governor of North Carolina. 

Socially Mr. Bellamy is a member of the Theta Delta Chi 
Fraternity, Cape Fear Club, Cape Fear Country Club, and also a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the State His- 
torical Society and the State Bar Association. His religious 
predilection is with the Presbyterian Church, he being a firm 
believer in the doctrines of John Calvin. 

Mr. Bellamy was married at Hibernia, Granville County, 
near Townesville, North Carolina, December 6, 1876, to Miss 
Emma May, daughter of Colonel John and Mary Grist Hargrove. 
Their children are: (1) Eliza M., educated at Mrs. Lefebvre's 
School, Baltimore; married James Walter Williamson, and is the 
mother of one child, Emma Bellamy Williamson; (2) William M., 
educated at the University of North Carolina, the University of 
Virginia, and now a practicing lawyer, at Wilmington, unmar- 
ried; (3) Emmett H., a graduate of the University of North Caro- 
lina, A.B., 1912; also attended Davidson College, Harvard, and 
Columbia Universities; (4) Mary H., educated at National Cathe- 
dral School, Washington, D. C., and the Finch School for Girls in 
New York City; (5) Marguerite G., a student at Wilmington at 
the school of Miss Hart. 

Mr. Bellamy is the author of a number of historical essavs, 

c/ / 

among them, "The Life and Services of General Kobert Howe of 
the American Revolution," and "The Life of General Alexander 
Lillington." In his reading (outside of law) he prefers the 
classics and French and German authors. He believes that the 
best interests of the State and Nation may be promoted by strict 
adherence to Jeffersonian Democracy, and by permitting women 
to vote and share in the responsibilities of government. 

The life of John Dillard Bellamy has been one of active 
labor. He has been a useful man to his generation. Begarding 



JOHN DILLARD BELLAMY 430 

his success in life he enunciates a strict adherence to these prin- 
ciples : 

1. Promptness and punctuality; never put off until to-nior- 
row what can be done to-day. 

2. Fidelity to your friends and to your clients. 

3. Work without ceasing, and always be ready for trial. 
The Bellamy Coat of Arms is as follows : 

Sable on a fesse or cottised argent three crescents azure. 
Crest: An arm couped habited sable cuffed argent holding 
in the hand proper a sceptre or, on the top a crescent argent. 



JETER CONLEY PRITCHARD 

AMONG the "Makers of America" we find some men whose 

Z3k attainments, and the development of whose careers, have 

JL J3L been made possible by the genius of their native country. 

Among such is Jeter Conley Pritchard. Left an orphan, 

after a war which had stripped his mother of husband and home, 

and had deprived her of all resources, Judge Pritchard has risen 

to a height that exemplifies the fact that opportunity to develop 

strength of character and to rise in station is denied to none in 

this great and free land which we call the United States. 

An incipient fixity of purpose and determination of will, 
doubtless his inheritance from his Welsh ancestors, and the quick 
perception and keen wit of his Irish forbears, gave impetus to 
his natural ambitions. These, fostered by his mother and intensi- 
fied by the struggles of his childhood for the bare necessities of 
life, have all produced a character unique in its completeness. 
It is said that the dwellers in the valleys receive wonderful in- 
spirations from their constant uplook to the mountains which 
rear their summits above the clouds. Be this as it may, it is 
certain that Judge Pritchard, from the most straightened circum- 
stances in the wilds of Tennessee, has risen to an exalted judicial 
position little lower than the highest within the gift of the Gov- 
ernment. 

William H. Pritchard, the father of the Judge, was of Welsh 
and Irish ancestry, the name being sometimes written "Pritchett." 
He was a carpenter and builder of Jonesboro, Tennessee, pursu- 
ing his vocation with an earnestness, energy, and honesty typical 
of his race. He was well educated and fond of books, devoting all 
his spare time to reading. He was first married to a Miss Bor- 
ing, of Sullivan County, Tennessee. By this union there were 
born five children, all of whom are now dead except Mrs. Jennie 
Pierce, of Greenville, Tennessee. Captain J. K. P. Pritchard, one 
of the children by his first wife, was a distinguished officer under 
General Forrest. After the death of his first wife he married 
Elizabeth Brown, who was of Irish parentage. His son, Jeter 
Conley Pritchard, was born July 2, 1857. The father was entirely 
Southern in his sentiments, and when the Civil War broke out, 
which was to bring disaster to his comfortable home his home 
which he was destined never to see again he enlisted in the Army 
of the Confederacy. His regiment was the Sixtieth East Ten- 
nessee; his Colonel, John H. Crawford. This regiment, at the 
siege of Vicksburg, was most highly praised for its bravery and 
endurance. After the surrender at Vicksburg, Mr. Pritchard died 
at Mobile, Alabama, of disease contracted from the exposure and 
suffering of four long years of continuous fighting. 

[440] 




< 




TOR, LENQX 
TILDE ^lONS 



JETER CONLEY PRITCHARD 

The plight of the widow and the boy was the more unfortu- 
nate and pitiable, in that the State of Tennessee had been divided 
in sentiment, and the bitterness and animosity between the Un- 
ionists and Confederates did not subside for many years. The 
boy was not yet eight years of age when the end came, and his 
mother could scarcely support, much less educate him. No doubt 
his mother taught him to read, but at twelve years he was unable 
to write. With maternal intuition she had long seen the promise 
of her son's career, and she labored to instil into his heart and 
mind those stern precepts of morality by which he has ever been 
governed. She seized the first and only opportunity that offered 
for his advancement, and apprenticed him to learn the trade of 
printing, which was then considered a stepping-stone, as it un- 
doubtedly is, to a liberal education. He made the best possible 
use of his opportunities ; his progress in overcoming the handicap 
of his defective education was phenomenal, so that, his appren- 
ticeship ending, he was employed as foreman in the "Union Flag" 
office, at Jonesboro. He never relaxed his studious habits, always 
forging onward and upward. In 1874 he was offered the place 
of foreman on the "Bakersville Independent,' 7 in North Carolina. 

His small wages, part of which his mother shared, did not 
enable him to accumulate a bank account. The entire journey 
of thirty-five miles was made on foot, he arriving at his new post 
with not a cent in his pocket, and only the clothing that he wore. 
For a seventeen-year-old youth he was making a decided advance. 
The talents and capacity lie had already developed, with the same 
determination to succeed, soon made him assistant editor and 
joint owner of the "Independent." 

To enlarge his knowledge he attended the Odd Fellows' In- 
stitute for one session and Martin's Greek Academy, in Tennessee, 
for two sessions. Taking up his residence on a farm in Madison 
County, North Carolina, he was at once identified with the State. 
He became well known as a Kepublican leader, and was elected 
member of the Assembly in 1885, and again in 1887. 

The clearness of his views, and the intellectual vigor with 
which he maintained them, caused him soon to attain prominence. 
Much of the physical labor of the farm devolved upon him, yet, 
with the same indomitable perseverance, he determined to study 
law, and no hardship could swerve him from his intention. Hav- 
ing no instructor he was naturally at a great disadvantage, and 
his method of learning w r as unique. He would study a chapter, 
digest it mentally, lay the book aside, frame questions covering 
the Avhole subject, and compare his answers with the text of the 
book. 

The old trite saying, "Poeta nascitur, Orator fit," is a truism. 
So the lawyer is not only so born, but he is also made. Evidently 
Judge Pritchard is a "born lawyer;" no other succeeds. Pursu- 



444 JETER CONLEY PRITCHARD 

ing his studies until he was master of his books, Judge Pritchard 
obtained his license, and in 1887, entered upon a practice that 
soon yielded him more than a support. 

His course in the Assembly extended his acquaintance 
throughout the State, and he was recognized as the chief among 
the Republican leaders. In 1888 he was nominated as the Repub- 
lican candidate for Lieutenant-Governor. The campaign he made 
enhanced his reputation and increased his popularity. Again, 
in 1891, he represented Madison County in the Assembly. He 
was now considered the strongest of the Republican leaders, and 
became the caucus nominee of his party for the Senate of the 
United States. At the next election Mr. Pritchard was nom- 
inated for Congress from the Ninth District. The Republican 
strength of the district had been considerably diminshed by the 
fact that Mitchell County, its stronghold, had been placed in 
another district. 

By taking this County out of the district the Democratic 
majority which confronted him was about forty-five hundred. At 
that election there were three candidates in the field, one being a 
Populist, who received about seven hundred votes. As a result 
of a strong canvass, he ran ahead of his ticket in almost every 
County, and reduced the majority in the district by two hundred 
and fifty, his opponent having only a plurality of nine hundred 
votes. His was the only district in which any substantial gains 
were made by a Republican candidate in 1892. 

The establishment of the Farmers' Alliance, and its coalition 
with the Populist party, brought about a change in the political 
situation, and the disorganization of the Democratic party, owing 
to the general dissatisfaction with the Cleveland administration, 
which had become particularly obnoxious to the people of North 
Carolina, gave opportunity to the Republican party to regain its 
lost prestige. Mr. Pritchard succeeded in consolidating the Re- 
publican and Populist leaders in a co-operative campaign. It 
was thought probable that, in those Counties where the Populists 
were in the majority, the Republicans would support the Populist 
ticket, and the Populists, in turn, would support the Republican 
nominees, where these latter were more numerous. The plan 
succeeded, and the State was carried by a strong anti-Democratic 
vote, which resulted in the election of the State ticket and the 
Legislature by an overwhelming majority. 

There were two Senators to be chosen at this session of the 
Assembly, one to fill the unexpired term of Senator Vance, lately 
deceased, the other to succeed Senator Ransom. Mr. Pritchard 
was elected to serve the balance of Senator Zebulon B. Vance's 
term, Honorable Marion Butler for the full term. 

At the next election, the co-operation tactics again brought 
defeat to the Democrats, and Senator Pritchard was chosen to 



JETER COXLEY PRITCHARD 445 

succeed himself. He also served as chairman of the Republican 
State Committee and as a National Comniitteeman. He took an 
active part in all the campaigns in his State, establishing a repu- 
tation as the best equipped and most efficient leader that had 
been known in the State for many years. Senator Pritchard 
being the sole representative of his party from the Southern 
States found himself, consequently, in a position of great influ- 
ence, with a corresponding weight of responsibility. He was 
called in consultation by the President and his Republican asso- 
ciates on all questions touching Southern affairs. He sustained 
himself well under these trying conditions; his just discrimina- 
tion and careful recommendations winning for him the confidence 
of both parties. His speeches on the floor of the Senate com- 
manded the attention of the ablest Senators of the respective 
parties. Notable among these speeches were a discussion of the 
protective tariff from a Southern view-point, and a discussion 
in favor of seating DuPont. of Delaware, in which a number of his 
colleagues participated. This question involved many nice points 
of law. 

The campaign of 1900 brought the Democratic party again 
into power, and Honorable Lee S. Overman was chosen to suc- 
ceed Senator Pritchard, whose term was to expire in 1903. 

Senator Pritchard, upon retiring from the Senate, accepted 
the position of Assistant Division Counsel for the Southern Rail- 
way, with headquarters at Asheville, but he did not remain long 
in this post. On April 1, 1903, a vacancy occurred on the 
Bench of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, which 
President Roosevelt appointed him to fill. The incumbency of 
Judge Pritchard gave great satisfaction to his friends, and won 
for him an enviable reputation as a jurist. Upon the death of 
Judge Simonton. the President appointed him Judge for the 
Fourth District, April 29, 1904, for which position he qualified 
on June 1. Judge Pritchard is now the Presiding Judge of the 
United States Circuit Court of Appeals for that Circuit. 

Judge Pritchard's rulings have been almost invariably sus- 
tained on appeal, and some of the most celebrated cases in mod- 
ern criminal annals were tried before him while on the Supreme 
Court Bench for the District of Columbia. One case, that 
of Machem et. al., tried by him while on the District Bench, 
was fought on both sides with great bitterness and astuteness. 
Presiding in a strange jurisdiction, while many new questions 
were raised, yet all his rulings were affirmed when appeals to the 
higher courts were taken. 

In his still more elevated judicial position he has displayed 
great capability and profound learning. His keen insight, almost 
constituting another sense, still assists him to unravel knotty 
questions, and to administer impartial justice. Shortly after his 



446 JETER CONLEY PRITCHARD 

appointment to the Circuit Judgeship, he granted a writ of 
Habeas Corpus to Honorable Josephus Daniels, who had been 
adjudged by the Judge of the District Court guilty of contempt. 
When the writ was returned two days later Judge Pritchard dis- 
charged Mr. Daniels, and wrote an exhaustive opinion in the case, 
making a clear explanation of the general law in the premises, 
applicable to every State in the Union. This opinion gained wide 
publicity, being commented upon, not only by the press in Amer- 
ica, but in foreign countries as well, and always with a most 
favorable opinion of his decision. 

The cases of Folsom vs. Ninety-six Township, and of Folsoin 
vs. Greenwood County, aroused considerable interest and at- 
tracted much attention in general, but more especially among 
the legal fraternity. Many novel principles of law were involved 
in his decisions, there being no direct precedent to guide him 
as to some of the questions presented. His adjudications, how- 
ever, have been received by the profession as sound, and based 
upon the foundation principles of the law. These suits, caused 
by the action of the Legislature of South Carolina in abolishing 
the corporate entity of certain townships which had issued bonds 
in aid of the construction of a railroad. By Legislative enact- 
ment, also, the territory originally embraced in Township Ninety- 
six was transferred to a new County, known as Greenwood 
County, for the purpose of invalidating the securities issued. 
Judge Pritchard sustained the validity of the securities. 

Courteous as he has ever been, he is fair and impartial on the 
Bench. During his term as Judge of the District Supreme Court, 
Judge Pritchard served on the Faculty of Georgetown College as 
Law Lecturer. 

Judge Pritchard is a staunch Baptist, to which denomination 
his parents belonged. He received, from reading the life of Henry 
Clay, the strongest impetus towards a public career, and he con- 
siders that the influences most potent in bringing him success 
were the training he received in Sunday-school, his contact with 
active men, and his observations and reflections on the lives of 
distinguished characters. The Bible, Shakespeare, Scott and 
Dickens are his favorite books, and he has ever been a great 
reader as well as a student. He believes that the young men of 
the country would benefit by the practice of the following pre- 
cepts: "Be diligent and prompt. Do not use any intoxicants 
whatever, and in all matters, be entirely frank and honest." 

Judge Pritchard has, on several occasions, been the recipient 
of handsome tokens of appreciation without respect to party 
affiliations. When his Senatorial term expired he was presented 
with a beautiful silver service and a chest of silver. The Hon- 
orable Richmond Pearson made the presentation speech. On his 
retirement from the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, 



JETER COXLEY PRITCHARD 447 

the members of the Bar unanimously adopted resolutions express- 
ing appreciation of his course as a jurist, and presented him, 
through its chairman, the Honorable Henry Davis, with a hand- 
some punch-bowl. 

On September 18, 1878, Senator Pritchard married Miss 
Augusta L. Kay. Four sons and one daughter were the result of 
this union, all of whom are living except Lieutenant W. D. Pritch- 
ard, who died in the Philippines. After the death of Senator 
Pritchard's first wife, he married Miss Jennie Bailey, of Erwin, 
East Tennessee, 1889. After her death, in 1891, he married Miss 
Melissa Bowman. One son was born as a result of this union. 
After her death he married Miss Lillian S. Saum, of the City of 
Washington. 

Still on the Bench of the United States Circuit Court, Judge 
Pritchard is rendering valuable service to his country, and is 
adding new laurels to those already won in other fields of public 
usefulness. 

On the 2Sth day of November, 1914, Judge Pritchard became 
the chairman of the National Board of Arbitration to settle the 
differences in the controversy between all the railroads and em- 
ployees west of the City of Chicago. "This," to use the language 
of one in intimate association with Judge Pritchard in this mat- 
ter, "was an arbitration of a controversy between ninety-eight 
Western associated railroads and their engineers and firemen, 
aggregating fifty-five thousand, involving rates of pay and condi- 
tions of service, and attracted nation-wide attention. The Arbi- 
tration Board was composed of six members Mr. H. E. Byram, 
Vice-President, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Kailroad Com- 
pany, and Mr. W. L. Park, Vice-President, Illinois Central Kail- 
road Company, both selected by the railroads ; Mr. F. A. Burgess, 
Assistant Grand Chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi- 
neers and Mr. Timothy Shea, Assistant President of the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers, selected by 
the employees; Honorable Charles Nagel, former Secretary of 
Commerce and Labor, and Judge Pritchard, both selected by the 
United States Board of Mediation and Conciliation. The Arbi- 
tration Board at its first meeting for organization, on November 
30, 1914, elected Judge Pritchard chairman of the Board. The 
sessions of the board continued until April 30, 1915, when its 
award was rendered. 

The selection of two gentlemen to perform the exceedingly 
difficult service required of neutral arbitrators, devolved upon 
the United States Board of Mediation and Conciliation upon the 
failure of the four arbitrators chosen by the parties to the con- 
troversy to agree upon two neutral arbitrators, to complete the 
membership of the board, within the fifteen days allowed by law 
for that purpose. Judge Pritchard was thereupon persuaded to 



448 JETER CONLEY PRITCHARD 

accept the appointment and perform an entirely voluntary public 
service, the importance of which is not generally appreciated. 
On two occasions since rendering its award the Arbitration Board 
has been reconvened upon request of the parties, Judge Pritchard 
presiding upon each occasion. His fair and impartial conduct 
of the sessions of the Arbitration Board not only increased the 
already high respect of all parties concerned with the controversy 
for his well-known reputation as a fair-minded man of broad 
views and strong personality, but justified the conviction of the 
Board of Mediation and Conciliation that no mistake would be 
made if he could be induced to undertake the arduous duties, 
which he so well performed. 



THE fl 

PUBLIC 



CLARENCE ADOLPHUS WYCHE 

THE English, like the American, are a composite people. 
The Britons, who anciently occupied the land, amalga- 
mated with the Saxon invaders and later absorbed Danes 
and Norsemen, and when finally conquered by the Nor- 
mans, they assimilated these, also, and within one hundred and 
fifty years after the Norman Conquest the English people had 
taken on the characteristics which have made of them the most 
influential nation of the world for the past seven hundred years. 
It is these characteristics of the English, modified by new condi- 
tions, which in the last three hundred years have built up the 
marvelous American nation. After frankly admitting the great 
helpfulness of the Scotch, Irish, the German and the French, 
strains which have shared in the work, it yet remains true that 
the English blood has been the dominant factor in the results 
obtained. And this blood has not lost its virility, as is proven 
to-day in countless instances. 

A fine example of accomplishment is shown by Clarence 
Adolphus Wyche, President of the First National Bank of Roan- 
oke Kapids, North Carolina. 

He comes of a very ancient English family, located in 
Alderly, England, as early as the year 1200. A branch of 
that family settled at Davenham, Cheshire, and from this branch 
is descended the American family. About 1475 William Wyche, 
of Davenham, married Margery, daughter and co-heiress of Rich- 
ard Brett. Their son, Richard^ 1 ), married Mary, daughter of 
John Beeston, of Beeston Castle. Their son, Richard (2 >, born 
1554, became a resident of London, where, in 1583, he married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Salstonstall, who was Lord 
Mayor of London in 1598. Their son, Rev. Henry Wyche 
(born 1604, died 1678) was a Master of Arts of Cambridge Uni- 
versity, became Rector of Sutton, Surrey, and married Ellen, 
daughter of Ralph Bennett, of Old Palace Yard, Westminster. 
Henry Wyche, their eldest son, born November 4, 1645, came to 
Virginia and settled in Surrey County. His will was probated 
March 18, 1714, and showed that he had children as follows: 
Eleanor, William, George, Sarah, Henry and James. William 
and James remained in Surrey. Henry moved to Brunswick 
County, where his will was probated in 1740. About 1812 James 
Wyche, of Brunswick County, evidently a grandson of Henry < 2 >, 
moved to Granville County, North Carolina. He became promi- 

[451] 



452 CLARENCE ADOLPHUS WTCHE 

nent in his new home and was active in the settlement of Hen- 
derson (now in Vance County), North Carolina. He was for sev- 
eral terms a member of the North Carolina Senate, and was serv- 
ing in that body at the time of his death, in 1845. He married 
Pamela Evans, of Nottoway County, Virginia, who was the daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant William Evans, a Revolutionary officer. 

James Wyche had the distinction of being a pioneer railroad 
president, serving as the first President of the old Raleigh and 
Gaston Railroad, one of the first railroads to be built in the 
Southern States. 

Parry Wayne Wyche, son of James Wyche, became a mer- 
chant, married Rebecca G. Southall, a name borne by one of the 
most highly respected families in Virginia. 

Clarence A. Wyche is a son of that marriage. He was born 
in Henderson, Vance County, March 14, 1878. He attended 
the common schools up to the age of fourteen, when he became a 
telegraph operator. Then the metal that was in the lad began to 
show, for working as an operator by day, he put his evening 
hours into study so that at the age of nineteen he was able to 
enter the University of North Carolina, where he remained two 
years. Leaving the university at twenty-one he became Secretary 
of the Rosemary Manufacturing Company, at Roanoke Rapids. 
That he demonstrated remarkable business ability is proven by 
the fact that at the age of thirty-four he was elected President 
of the First National Bank of Roanoke Rapids, in which capacity 
he is now serving. 

Mr. Wyche has won his spurs as a business man, but he has 
not neglected the weightier matters of life and has given faithful 
service as a Deacon of the Presbyterian Church. In other direc- 
tions he is interested, being a member of the Alpha Tau Omega 
College Fraternity, a Thirty-Second degree Mason, and at the 
National Convention of the Sons of the American Revolution, in 
1914, he was named as Trustee for North Carolina. His political 
affiliation is with the Democratic party. Mr. Wyches' business 
career recalls that of the brilliant Georgia banker, State Senator 
John D. Walker, whose history has run along much the same 
lines, and who now, somewhat older, is a power in Georgia. On 
November 20, 1902, Mr. Wyche married Miss Lemme Jordan, born 
in Petersburg, October 9, 1878, daughter of Lemuel Jordan, of 
Prince George County, Virginia, and his wife, Frances Lewis, of 
Granville County, North Carolina. On the paternal side Mrs. 
Wyche comes of the old Prince George family of Jordan, which 
settled at Jordan's Point about 1620. On the maternal side she 
comes of the Lewis family, of Warner Hall, a record of which has 
been given in the "William and Mary Quarterly." The various 
branches of the Lewis family loom large in American history, and 
when a good American considers the great Commonwealths of 



CLARENCE ADOLPHUS WYCIIE 453 

Oregon and Washington he feels a reverence for that gallant 
youth Lewis who, with his associate Clark, marked that rich 
country as American territory. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Wyche are Mary T. Wyche, now 
(1915) ten years of age, and Francis Lewis Wyche, age eight. It 
would be interesting if space permitted to dwell on the Wyche 
family history as it appears in several publications, both in the 
old country and the new, notably in Volumes XIII, XIV and XV 
of the "William and Mary Quarterly," and in Volume I of the 
Proceedings of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
where Richard Brooke, Esq., F. S. A., presented a monograph, 
"On the ancient family of Wyche or de la Wyche, with a descrip- 
tive account of their seat at Alderly, in Cheshire.* 7 This gives iu 
detail many of the facts already stated in this sketch. 

The essential fact in all this record is that the family has 
lived up to a high standard for seven hundred years and in this 
good year of grace an unassuming American citizen is discharg- 
ing with traditional fidelity every duty which devolves upon him, 
as manfully as did his forbears who helped to make England the 
brightest spot in a world of gloom. The Wyche Coat of Arms is 
thus described : 

Arms : Azure a pile ermine. 

Crest: A dexter arm embowed, habited gules, turned up or, 
holding in the hand ppr. a sprig vert. 

Motto : Malgre le tort. 



EDWIN LAWRENCE KENDIG 

DR. E. L. KENDIG, of Victoria, Virginia, a young man not 
yet thirty-four, has achieved success in his profession as 
well as in the business and public life of his community. 
He comes of that Pennsylvania German stock which has 
made all Southeast Pennsylvania a garden. He was born in 
Spottsylvania County, Virginia, October 11, 1881, son of Samuel 
E. Kendig, a farmer, who married Minerva Eudora Fleming. His 
early education was received in public and private schools of 
Spottsylvania County, and he graduated from the Bel- Air School 
of that County in 1899. Electing to become a physician, he en- 
tered the Medical College of Virginia at Richmond, from which 
he was graduated in 1905. For one year, 1905 to 1906, he served 
as an interne at the Retreat for the Sick Hospital at Richmond, 
and at the same time as lecturer on anatomy to the nurses at- 
tached to that institution. From 1906 to 1907 he was surgeon for 
the J. G. Wright Construction Company, Cochran, Virginia. In 
1907 he located at Victoria for the general practice of medicine, 
and since that time has been Division Surgeon of the Virginia 
Railway. 

Dr. Kendig stepped at once into an active practice, made 
character in the community, and since 1911 has been health 
officer of Lunenburg County. He served as a member of the Town 
Council in Victoria from the date of its incorporation until 1912. 
In 1913 and 1914 he was chairman of the Lunenburg County 
Electoral Board. He is now chairman of the Lunenburg County 
Democratic Committee. His business capacity has won recogni- 
tion, and he is a Director and First Vice-President of the Bank 
of Victoria. It will be noted that Dr. Kendig's activities cover a 
wide range aside from his profession, and that he is making 
a most useful citizen. 

He is also active in church work, being deacon of the Vic- 
toria Baptist Church. He holds membership in the American 
Medical Association, Medical Society of Virginia, Seaboard Med- 
ical Society, South-side Virginia Medical Society and Lunenburg 
County Medical Society. He was elected by the physicians of the 
Fourth Virginia Congressional District, in 1915, to represent the 
district in the Executive Council of the Medical Society of Vir- 
ginia, for a term of three years. He is affiliated with the Omega 
Upsilon Phi College Fraternity. 

[ 454] 



EDWIN LAWRENCE KENDIG 457 

Dr. Kendig was married at Lunenburg Court House, on June 
23, 1910, to Mayine McGuire Yates, a native of Lunenburg County, 
born June 24, 1883, daughter of John L. and Molly (Cooksey) 
Yates. The only child of this marriage is Edwin Lawrence Ken- 
dig, Jr., born November 12, 1911. 

In our public affairs he believes that the best interests of 
the country are to be promoted by the practical application of the 
old democratic doctrine of giving an equal opportunity to every- 
one. This is very sound doctrine, which so far has been found 
to be very difficult of application. In a professional way, he 
believes that the health conditions are to be promoted by giving 
absolute control of health work in every part of the country to a 
National Board of Health, thus insuring uniformity and effective- 
ness of work. That he is clearly right in this is evident to every 
man who has given it the least thought. Very many men are 
beginning to see that our State lines breaking us up into forty- 
eight petty governments interfere in many ways most seriously 
with the common welfare, and it is becoming clear that there are 
some things which can only be handled successfully by the Na- 
tional power. 

In addition to his professional studies, historical and classi- 
cal reading both appeal to him, and he keeps well informed as to 
public matters through our current periodicals. Dr. Kendig has 
taken an active interest in the good roads movement, which is 
now becoming so prominent all over the United States, and in 
which Virginia, it must be admitted, is not keeping up with some 
of the other States. His interest goes beyond mere sentiment. 
He is chairman of the Koad Board of his district, which has in 
hand the spending of $40,000 for the permanent improvement of 
local roads, the proceeds of a bond issue for that purpose. 

In fraternal circles he holds membership in the Woodmen of 
the World, the Odd Fellows, the Masons, the Order of Eastern 
Star, I. O. O. F., Knights of Pythias, and Junior Order of Ameri- 
can Mechanics. He is medical examiner for the local camp of the 
Woodmen, for the Insurance Department of the Knights of 
Pythias, Woodmen Circle, and fifteen old line insurance com- 
panies. 

Enlarging upon his governmental ideas, as to equal oppor- 
tunity for all men regardless of social grade, he maintains the 
position that the country should be put on a fair competitive 
basis; the trade combinations should be rigidly controlled by 
government; tariff should be only levied for revenue that an 
income tax system should be thoroughly worked out; that in the 
selection of officials, character should have first consideration ; 
that unsparing warfare should be w r aged on the spoils system; 
and that public education should be absolutely impartial and 
unbiased by any other consideration than the mental training 



458 EDWIN LAWRENCE KENDIG 

of pupils in essential facts. He enlarges somewhat upon his 
idea about the National Board of Health with two suggestions 
that have great merit. One suggestion is that governmental 
hospitals for the needy should be maintained. This is a strong 
point, as many of us know that private hospitals are making ill- 
ness a great burden upon people of limited means. The other 
suggestion is to the effect that universal examining boards should 
be established to license physicians to practice medicine, and 
that this examination should be fully recognized in every State, 
thus doing away with the multiplicity of examining boards which 
involve so much trouble even to the properly trained physicians, 
who find it necessary at times to change location. 

Dr. Kenclig has accomplished so much in the ten years since 
his graduation that one runs no risk in prophesying for him an 
influential and useful life, should he be spared to the normal 
length of days. 

A great-uncle of Dr. Edwin L. Kendig, Dr. Benjamin S. 
Kendig, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, deceased, has compiled a 
genealogy of the Kendig family. The following facts are taken 
from Dr. Benjamin Kendig's compilation. 

According to his account, owing to violent persecutions be- 
cause of their religious convictions, a Colony of Protestants, 
disciples of Menno Simons, the leader of the sect in the Nether- 
lands called the Mennonites, fled from the Palatinate to Berne, 
Switzerland. But finding the persecutions there intolerable they 
returned to the Palatinate. Then, under their preacher and leader, 
Hang Herr, about twelve of their prominent members, including 
Herr, were sent to Pennsylvania to select a home for their 
persecuted friends. They came to Lancaster, Pennsylvania (at 
that time, Chester), and patented ten thousand acres of land in 
Pequea and Beaver Valley. Among the list of these pioneers were 
Hans Herr, Martin Kendig, Hans Mylin and his two sons, John R. 
Bundely, Jacob Miller, Wendell Bowman, and others. When the 
land was secured Martin Kendig returned to Germany, bringing 
in the families, about twenty in number. This little Colony in- 
creased in a few years to about thirty families, but most of the 
later additions were in straitened circumstances, and the Colon- 
ists were obliged to pay their passage. A wise apportionment of 
the ten thousand acres was distributed among the Colonists in 
tracts of from one hundred and fifty to six hundred acres, in pro- 
portion to their ability for meeting the payment. These tracts of 
land are recorded in the Patent Office at Philadelphia. 

This pioneer Martin Kendig, a wealthy business man, who 
patented large tracts in his own name, many of which he con- 
veyed to other parties, is the paternal ancestor of Dr. Edwin L. 
Kendig. The name Kendig in the German is Euendig. Eundig 
or Kundlich. As there is no letter in the English alphabet to give 



EDWIN LAWRENCE KENDIG 459 

the sound of the German "u" and "g" in anglicising the name, 
each member of the family spelled it to suit himself. Of three 
brothers there was one who spelled the name Kindig, another 
Kendrick, and the third, Kendig. The records bear out the state- 
ment that there was only one family of Kendigs who came over 
with the Mennonites, and up until the year 1810, there is no men- 
tion of any Kendig who emigrated to Lancaster County except 
the six brothers and their families, and one sister, Elizabeth, who 
married Hans Herr. 

That the Kendig family was both wealthy and influential 
is gathered from the fact that Martin Kendig owned considerable 
land and extensive business interests. Hans Herr, the husband 
of Elizabeth Kendig, had in his possession a patent of nobility 
dating back to 1060, and as a man of gentle birth always married 
in his own class, the inference is clear that the Kendig family was 
of considerable prominence in Switzerland. 

In this genealogy furnished by Dr. Benjamin S. Kendig the 
first ancestor on record of Dr. Edwin L. Kendig was John Jacob 
Kendig, of Berne, Switzerland, who lived in the sixteenth cen- 
tury. His son, John Jacob Kendig, married Jane Milan. Of this 
marriage was born Martin Kendig, who emigrated to Pennsyl- 
vania. A son of this Martin Kendig was Martin Kendig, Jr. His 
son, John Kendig, who married Anne Witner, had issue, a son, 
John, who married Polly Mary Kline. Their son, Urias Kendig, 
son of the second John Kendig, the paternal grandfather of Dr. 
Edwin L. Kendig, born in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, moved 
to Virginia about 1849. He there married Isabella Atkins, and 
this branch of the family has from that time on lived in Virginia. 
Dr. Kendig's paternal grandfather, Urias Perkins Kendig, served 
in the Mexican War under General Scott. Samuel Edgar Kendig, 
the son of Urias, married Minerva Eudora Fleming. Dr. Ken- 
dig's maternal grandmother was Bozel Fleming, born in Middle 
Virginia, either in Fluvanna or Hanover Counties, who married 
Lucy Boxley, of Louisa County. The Atkins family was of Eng- 
lish descent. The Boxleys also were of English descent, having 
come from the family of that name settled in Kent County, 
England. 

The Fleming family is not only very ancient but very numer- 
ous in Great Britain. According to the German account, the 
name originated from the tribe of Flaminii, who had settled in 
England nearly fifteen hundred years ago. This seems apoc- 
ryphal. Baring-Gould, an English author, who has studied much 
on family names, says that the common-sense explanation is that 
the family name was assumed in England because of their being 
Flemings, or people who had come from Flanders to England. 
The first certain record we have of them is when William the 



460 EDWIN LAWRENCE KENDIG 

Conqueror gave an estate to William le Fleming, which bears out 
Baring-Gould's contention. 

The family multiplied immensely, and became very conspic- 
uous in many sections of Great Britain, holding numerous titles. 
By the fifteenth century three great families had developed, the 
English, the Scotch and the Irish. The Virginia family of this 
name is descended from the Scottish branch, which, for the last 
five or six hundred years, has been a very conspicuous family in 
that country. Dr. Kendig, therefore, has in his veins German, 
English and Scotch blood. His work, so far in life, indicates that 
he is living up to the best traditions of these three great racial 
stocks. 



SAMUEL WESTRAY BATTLE 

THE Battle family possesses an individual and unique 
interest. A record of the achievements of this splendid 
family would form a resume of the history of North 
Carolina, for this family, distinguished always for public 
service and private citizenship, has been in the State since as 
early as 1662. In that year we find that John Battle, from York- 

t> *' 

shire, England, resided on the Pasquotauk River, North Carolina, 
owning lands there and in Nansemond County, Virginia. 

The North Carolina Battles are of English origin. The 
original spelling of the name was Battaile, but by consulting the 
records we find in different periods, that the spelling has been 
changed to Battel, Battell, and lastly. Battle. The name origi- 
nated as a place name. According to "Patronymica Britannica," 
it had its beginning in a town in Essex, England, so named from 
the Battle of Hastings, fought in 1066, and won by William the 
Conqueror. On this spot later was erected Battle Abbey; thus 
the surname is literally De Bello. A tradition in the family, 
however, carries the name back to Battle Flats, which commemo- 
rates the great battle of Stamford Bridge, in the year 400. 

William Battle, son of John, of Pasquotank, the emigrant, 
was born in Pasquotank County. It is not know r n whether he 
was the eldest, or the only son. However, he sold his father's 
land and moved to Nansemond County, Virginia. His son, Elisha 
Battle, the great-grandfather of Samuel Westray Battle, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was born in Virginia, January 9, 1724. He left 
the State of Virginia, moving to Cool Spring Plantation, Edge- 
combe County, North Carolina, in the year 1748. He was an ex- 
ceedingly prominent figure in Colonial affairs, a member of the 
Provincial Congress and of the Constitutional Congress, at Hali- 
fax, 1776. He was also a member of the Colonial Assembly and of 
the State Congress, which adopted the Constitution of North 
Carolina, 1776 ; State Senator, 1777 ; a member of the State Con- 
vention, 1788, which postponed the adoption of the Constitution 
of the United States, and Chairman of the Committee of the 
Whole. 

Elisha Battle married Elizabeth, daughter of John Suinner, 
first cousin to General Jethro Sumner, of Washington's staff; 
and a granddaughter of William Suinner, of Sumner Manor, Isle 

of Wight County, Virginia. Of this marriage there were the fol- 

[463] 



404 SAMUEL WE STRAY BATTLE 

lowing children : Sara, Jethro, Elizabeth, Elisha, John, William, 
Dempsey, and Jacob. 

Jacob Battle, the youngest son of Elisha, was born April 22, 
1754, and died in 1814. He lived on the Cool Spring Plantation, 
in Edgecombe County, about one-half mile from his father's resi- 
dence, at a settlement called Old Town. He afterwards owned 
his father's magnificent estate. He married Mrs. Edwards, whose 
maiden name was Penelope Langley. She was a descendant of 
Captain James Smith, who, with his brothers, came to North 
Carolina from Virginia and founded the settlement called Scot- 
land Neck. Of this marriage there were several children, but all 
died leaving no issue, except James Smith Battle. 

James Smith Battle, the grandson of Elisha Battle, was a 
prominent planter. It is difficult to relate the influence this un- 
obtrusive character exerted upon his times. He was not ambi- 
tious of political preferment, but his sagacity and intrinsic worth 
made him a telling power for good in the affairs of his neighbor- 
hood. He married, first, his cousin, Tenipy Battle Fort, a widow 
with one child, and the daughter of Jethro Battle. Of this mar- 
riage there was one son, Marmaduke, a brilliant young man, who, 
when he had arrived at manhood, emigrated to Mississippi, dying 
unmarried. James Smith Battle's second wife was Sallie Har- 
riett, daughter of Samuel Westray, Esq., an eminent and repre- 
sentative citizen of Washington County. Of this marriage there 
were the following : First, Cornelia Viola, wife of John S. Dancy; 
second, William Smith Battle, who married Elizabeth Dancy; 
third, Turner Westray Battle, who married Lavinia B. Daniel; 
fourth, Mary Elizabeth, who married, first, William F. Dancy, 
and second, N. J. Pitman ; fifth, Penelope Bradford, who married 
William R. Cox; sixth, Martha Ann, wife of Dr. Kemp. P. Bat- 
tle, another member of the Battle clan who has contributed his 
quota of distinction to the name. 

William Smith Battle, the son of James Smith Battle, and 
the father of the subject of this sketch, was born October 4, 1823. 
As a boy he attended Stony Hill Academy, under Martin R. Gar- 
rett. Later he entered the Louisburg Academy under John B. 
Bobbitt. William Smith Battle entered the Universitv of North 

9J 

Carolina, where he graduated with honor July 25, 1845. Shortly 
after his graduation he married Elizabeth M. Dancy, daughter 
of Francis Little Dancy, a prominent lawyer. He settled in 
Edgecomb County and became a prominent and influential 
planter. His business interests were varied. He became man- 
ager and owner of the Rocky Mount Flour and Grist Mill. He 
was also manager and owner of the cotton factory built by Joel 
Battle in 1820, at the Falls of the Tar River. This "cotton factory, 
by the way, was the first in Eastern Carolina, and it is now man- 
aged by one of Joel Battle's great-great-grandsons. William 






SAMUEL WESTRAY BATTLE 465 

Smith Battle had the misfortune to lose his flour and grist mills, 
as a Federal cavalry force was sent to New Bern, July, 
1863, with instructions to burn these plants. However, William 
Smith Battle, at the close of the war between the States, had no 
spirit of animosity, even though his losses had been great, but 
exhibited a splendid spirit of charity to the victors. This 
spirit was characteristic of the man, for he had the genius for 
submitting generously to the inevitable. In the suffering that fol- 
lowed in the wake of the war he was a constant benefactor, and 
there are numerous stories told of his benevolences. 

Dr. Samuel Westray Battle, the subject of this sketch, now 
on the retired list of the Medical Corps of the Navy, was the fifth 
son of William Smith Battle and Mary Elizabeth Dancy Battle. 
He was born in Nash County, North Carolina, August 4, 1854. 
Samuel Westray Battle had the good fortune to spend his boy- 
hood days in the country. It was an ideal life, too, that of the 
Southern boy in a home with cultivated parents and elegant sur- 
roundings. It gave him the development needed, physically, 
mentally and morally, and it is small wonder that the son of these 
gifted parents is a man four-square to all the world. 

When quite a lad he entered the Horner School at Oxford, 
North Carolina, one of the finest preparatory schools in the State. 
From there he went to Bellevue High School, in Bedford County, 
Virginia. Dr. Battle next entered the University of Virginia. 
After devoting some time to the classics he matriculated in the 
medical department. He left the University of Virginia in 1874. 
In 1875 he graduated from the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 
now a part of the University of New York, with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. In October, 1875, he entered the United States 
Naval service as assistant surgeon, at the age of twenty-one. The 
United States Naval service examination was rigid. There were 
many failures, but this young man, going alone, without the 
encouragement of friends, received his commission, w T hich was a 
high tribute to his thorough preparation. Dr. Battle served with 
distinction in the Navy for nearly ten years. 

In 1878 he was attached to the United States Ship "Marion," 
sailing in company with the United States Ship "Vandalia," the 
two ships that were detailed to take General Grant around the 
world. After war broke out between Kussia and Turkey, early 
in 1878, these ships were at Smyrna preparing to go down the 
coast and through the Suez Canal to the East. They remained, 
however, on the coast of Asia Minor as long as needed, then 
joined the Mediterranean squadron. His first sea trip was in 
connection with the demonstration made by the United States 
following the "Virginius" affair. Those familiar with this occur- 
rence will remember that the American Steamer "Virginius," 
cruising in Cuban waters, was captured by the Spanish cruiser 



46(> SAMUEL WESTRAY BATTLE 

"Tornado," and afterwards taken into Santiago as a pirate. The 
crew comprised Captain Joseph Fry and one hundred and twenty 
men, half of whom, including Captain Fry, were executed, their 
bodies trampled on by horses, and their heads placed on pikes. 
The British warship "Niboe," under Sir Larnpton Lorraine, hur- 
ried from Kingston, Jamaica, to Santiago, and threatened to 
bombard the city unless the atrocious outrages were instantly 
stopped. The "Virginius" was finally surrendered by Spain, but 
it was an affair of long-drawn-out duration, and our ships were 
kept in Southern waters a number of years. At this time Dr. 
Battle was serving on the United States Ship "New Hampshire," 
under command of Commodore Clitz. Following this he served 
on the "Monitor," "Ajax," "Lehigh," "Catskill," "Manhattan," 
"Mahopac" and "Saugus." Owing to injuries received in this 
line of duty, while cruising at sea, Dr. Battle was placed on the 
retired list of the Medical Corps of the United States Navy, 1884. 

The city of Asheville, North Carolina, in the section famil- 
iarly known as the "Land of the Sky," w T as fortunate, in 1885, to 
have Dr. Battle make it his abiding place. And it was he 
who was among the first to recognize the advantages of this belt 
known to us at the present as the Asheville plateau. As Dr. 
Battle had made a study of the meteorological reports of the 
United States Government, he recognized that the Asheville pla- 
teau was the dryest atmospheric territory east of the Mississippi 
River. He saw, too, that the elevation of Asheville made it pecu- 
liarly suitable for all throat and pulmonary troubles. He did not 
keep this information to himself, but speedily conveyed to the 
medical profession at large his belief concerning the climate of 
Asheville. Through his able contributions to medical journals and 
periodicals, the city of Asheville was, in a short time, well adver- 
tised. 

A pleasant associate who contributed his share towards the 
making of the fame of this town in the "Land of the Sky" was 
Bill Nye. He was a close friend of Dr. Battle, and his witty 
stories helped on the cause. Those who read the accounts given 
of Asheville as a health resort came and tarried. The majority 
of them became patients of Dr. Battle, so much so that he had 
to secure the services of two assistants. But not only as a physi- 
cian was Dr. Battle a blessing to the town. He was interested in 
every movement for the betterment of civic conditions. 

When the Sprague system of street railways had been suc- 
cessfully installed in Richmond, it was Dr. Battle Avho went 
to confer with Mr. E. D. Davidson, of New York, concerning the 
possibility of a system of street cars for Asheville. It was found 
practicable and a company was formed, which secured for the 
owners a charter for a general system of street car service. He 
was elected Vice-President of the company, subscribed largely to 



SAMUEL WESTRAY BATTLE 467 

its stocks and bonds, and with the assistance of others, secured 
for Asheville a splendid street car service. 

In various other undertakings along forward-looking lines 
Dr. Battle was an active participant. He exhibited a spirit of 
service, and his example was an encouragement to others never 
counting the cost to himself, but always willing to put his shoul- 
der to the wheel of progress. 

In 1884 Dr. Battle was happily married to Alice Maud, 
daughter of Admiral George E. Belknap, United States Navy, 
distinguished as an officer of the service, a splendid sailor, and a 
man of literary and scientific achievements. Of this marriage 
there were born the following children : Madelon, S. Westray, Jr., 
Maud Dancy and Belknap. Of these children Madelon, the wife 
of Major Mortimer Hancock, of the Royal Fusiliers, and Belknap 
are now living. Major Mortimer Hancock is at present fighting 
in the trenches on the Gallipoli Peninsula ; he has received serious 
wounds, but is again on the firing line. 

Dr. Battle, having recently visited his son-in-law, Major Han- 
cock, was able to make an inspection of the trenches in Flanders. 
This recent visit to England increases his usefulness and 
broadens his outlook concerning present conditions in the Euro- 
pean War. As Dr. Battle is a traveled man, of cultivated and 
cosmopolitan tastes, he is peculiarly adapted for the work he 
undertook, that of bringing people from the four quarters of the 
earth to the Highlands of Carolina. Then, too, his choice in his 
helpmate caused him to be claimed by both Northern and South- 
ern friends. Added to Dr. Battle's habits of industry and talent 
for organization were his social attributes. Everyone is familiar 
with the success of the undertaking, even though they are not 
aware of Dr. Battle's services in the making of Asheville. 

After a careful consideration of Dr. Battle's talents, a friend, 
who knows him well, declares that it is as a physician that he 
ranks highest. His charming personality, which has won for him 
so many friends, is a great asset, coupled with the vast store of 
human sympathy which he possesses. For the sufferings of his 
patients are, in truth, his own. 

Of some of the posts of honor held by Dr. Battle the follow- 
ing may be mentioned : He is Medical Director of the Clarence 
Barker Memorial Hospital and Dispensary at Biltmore, North 
Carolina ; Colonel and Surgeon-General, North Carolina State 
Guard; member American Medical Association, Mississippi Val- 
ley Medical Society, Tri-State Medical (Virginia and the Caro- 
linas), North Carolina Medical Society, and Buncombe County 
Medical Society. 

He is a Fellow of the Rhinological, Otological and Laryngo- 
logical Society, member of the American Climatological Associa- 
tion, American Public Health Association, Association of Mili- 



468 SAMUEL WESTRAY BATTLE 

tary Surgeons, State Board of Health and Medical Corps of the 
United States Navy, on the retired list. 

He is a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, Sons of the 
American Revolution, Naval Order of the United States, and of 
the Army and Navy Clubs of the cities of New York and Wash- 
ington; Metropolitan Club, of Washington; Swannanoa Coun- 
try Club, at Asheville ; Asheville Club ; President of the Catawba 
Game Association ; Vice-President of the Asheville Gun Club, and 
member of the Mottfield Club, Georgetown, South Carolina. 

Through his maternal line Dr. Battle is a descendant of the 
distinguished Dancy family. The tradition of this family is as 
follows: The Dancys were French Huguenots, who fled from 
France to avoid the persecution begun by Louis XIV, after the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes. There were three brothers, 
William, Francis and David, who landed in Virginia. Their de- 
scendants settled in Virginia, North Carolina and other parts of 
the South. Benjamin and Francis Dancy were men of wealth and 
prominence. We find their names on the Committee of Safety for 
Charles City County, Virginia, December 17, 1774. 

Of the Virginia descendants of these three brothers, William 
Dancy, in 1775, married Agatha Little, of Charles City County. 
He with his brothers, Francis and Archibald, settled in North 
Carolina. William and Archibald located in Edgecombe County, 
and Captain Francis Dancy, in Northampton County. There 
were born to William Dancy and Agatha Little the following 
children: John, Edwin, William, two daughters, and Francis 
Little Dancy, the ancestor of Dr. Battle. 

The Coat of Arms of the Battle family is as follows : 

Purp, a griffin segreant within a bordure engrailed, or. 

Crest: Out of an antique crown, or, a dexter arm ppr. holding 
a cross, crosslet, fitchie, in pale gules. 




CYRUS A. BRANCH 



CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANC H 

THE Branch family in Virginia was founded by Christopher 
Branch, born in England about the year 1600, presum- 
ably in the County of Kent. He married there early in 
life, and with his wife, Mary Branch, whose maiden name 
is unknown, came to Virginia in the ship "London Merchant," a 
vessel of three hundred tons, which was despatched from England 
by the Virginia Company, in March, 1621, with two hundred 
Colonists on board. He and his wife survived the great Indian 
Massacre of 1622, w T ere among those living when the census w T as 
taken after the Massacre in Virginia, in 1623, and were living in 
1624-25. Thev were included in the Henrico muster, the records 

v 

showing Christopher, his wife Mary, and his son Thomas, then 
less than one year old, Christopher being given as an old resident, 
he having then been in the Colony about four years. In 1634 he 
obtained patent to lands in Henrico County, where his estates 
later came to be known as "Arrowhallocks" and "Kingsland." 
The Branch family name is exceedingly ancient. James Branch 
Cabell, in his work on the Branch family in Virginia, which he 
entitles "Branchiana," gives a long and most interesting legend 
showing that the name originated in the Licinian Gens or family 
of Home some three or four hundred years before Christ. The 
Branch familv, as we know bv well authenticated records, is 

/ 7 t/ 

of Norman origin. The Normans came into France five hundred 
years after the destruction of the Roman Empire, and, as their 
name indicates, were Northmen or Norsemen. In the one hundred 
and fifty years which elapsed since their coming into France and 
their invasion of England they had, to some extent, become amal- 
gamated with the earlier French settlers, and their character 
somewhat modified, but this French admixture had resulted in 
little more than getting the Norman imbued with the ideas which 
prevailed during the age of chivalry. When they invaded England 
in 1066, they were more Northmen than Frenchmen. 

Among the followers of William who conquered England 
was a "Braunche," as the old name always appeared in the earlier 
days, and in the Chronicle of John Brompton, who lived about 
1118, or fifty years after the Conquest, in the list of what he terms 
the great men who crossed the sea with the conqueror appears 
this "Braunche." In various lists the name appears from that 
day forward. That the family name may have had its origin in 
Rome appears reasonable in view of the fact that in France it was 

[471] 



472 CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANCH 



found under the form "Branche," and in Spain and Italy, 
"Brauce." The form in Normandy has been given ; in England it 
became "Branche," where the name has been thus spelled for the 
last four or five hundred vears. Even though the name came from 

/ 

Koine, there is no reason to believe that the Norman-French fam- 
ily had any connection with that of Home. 

The Virginia family, descended from the English, has had 
an authentic history since 1066, or about eight hundred and fifty 
years. There is, indeed, a very small number of families which 
have borne their present surname for so long a period. The Eng- 
lish Branches first settled in Wiltshire, and later in County Kent. 
For the first four hundred years of the Branch family history in 
England the records have but little to say. They were born, mar- 
ried, lived and died among that great mass of people who contrib- 
uted to the building up of England, and the} 7 evidently did their 
share, as the possession of seven coats of arms in different lines of 
the family would seem to indicate. It is doubtful whether they 
would have won this recognition from the government if they 
had not rendered real service in the building of the nation. 

In 1485 Sir John Branch was Lord Mayor of London, and 
he is credited with being the progenitor of both the Virginia and 
the Massachusetts families, the line of descent being from Sir 
John to his son William, to William's son John, to Peter, grand- 
son of John, who emigrated to Massachusetts in 1638, and to 
Christopher, another grandson, who emigrated to Virginia in 
1(319. This is the family from which is descended Christopher 
Gary Branch, of Toano, James City County, Virginia, who was 
born at "Sunny Side" farm, near Toano, on April 4, 1860, a son of 
Cyrus Adolphus and Mary Eliza (Wilkinson) Branch. Cyrus 
Adolphus Branch moved to James City from Chesterfield County, 
across the river from Henrico, which section had been the main 
center of the family since 1634. 

Christopher read law under his uncle, Judge William Stan- 
ard, and during a portion of the time when he was studying he 
lived with his uncle at his home in Richmond. The old home 
is occupied at present by the Westmoreland Club. After finishing 
his law course, being still too young to practice law, he went to 
James City County and taught school for a year or two. He there 
met the lady whom he married, who was the eldest daughter of 
Gary and Mary McCandlish Wilkinson. He practiced Ids pro- 
fession as a lawyer in James City County until his death, in 1874. 
During the Civil War he served as a member of the Virginia 
State Senate. 

Christopher C. Branch was educated in Hickory Neck Acad- 
emy, Toano, Virginia, and at William and Mary College, Will- 
iamsburg. Arriving at manhood, Mr. Branch elected to become a 
farmer. This was a very natural choice. The majority of his fan> 



CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANCH 473 

ily for generations, indeed for all the generations in Virginia, had 
been farmers. It was in the blood. They had belonged to that old 
ruling class which, prior to the Civil War, had made of the 
Southern planters the most notable class of men of equal numbers 
anywhere in the history of the world. In becoming a farmer, 
therefore, he was but following out the traditions of his forbears, 
and showing the influence of heredity. But he was not content 
to sit down and be just an average farmer, and so, bringing into 
play both intelligence and education, he has developed a splendid 
estate, which is conducted according to the most improved busi- 
ness methods. Both the production and the marketing of crops 
are given consideration, and this has yielded handsome returns 
for the time and effort expended. He lives on what is called the 
"Peninsula," and the "Peninsula'' is known as a great potato 
section. Among growers of this necessity of life he is one of the 
most successful. 

In addition to being successful in business Mr. Branch is a 
well informed man on all questions of public interest and one 
who is mindful of the obligations of good citizenship. He has 
served as Supervisor of his County, and as School Trustee. He 
is a Master Mason, which means that he recognizes the demands 
of human brotherhood. He is a Trustee of Olive Branch Christian 
Church, which shows that he is not unmindful of the claims of 
religion. He was married in the Olive Branch Church on Ocotber 
27, 1897, to Laura Octavia Hammond, born in New Kent County, 
Virginia, August 4, 1866, daughter of Francis Ward and Mary 
Octavia (Henley) Hammond. The children of this marriage have 
been Gary Ward, born July 31, 1900. and died May 30, 1902 ; Mary 
Mowbray, born in May, 1903; Christopher Hammond, born Sep- 
tember 15, 1905 ; Margaret Brewster, born July 8, 1907 ; and 
Catherine Taliaferro Branch, born February 3, 1909. 

The Virginia Branches have, as a rule, avoided holding pub- 
lic office, one notable exception to this rule having been Anthony 
Martin Branch, born in Buckingham County, Virginia, July 16, 
1824, son of Samuel. His father, a prominent lawyer, served in the 
War of 1812 as an ensign. He was a son of Samuel (2) , of Chester- 
field County, who was a son of Samuel (1 >, who was descended 
from Christopher, the emigrant. Anthony Martin Branch was 
a strong lawyer and a finished orator. He went to Huntsville, 
Texas, in 1847; there practiced his profession, and became an 
intimate friend of General Sam Houston, who made him executor 
of his will. He served in both Houses of the Legislature, was 
for two years a captain of cavalry in the Confederate Army, and 
for the rest of the war was a member of the Confederate Congress. 

The North Carolina family, generally believed to have been 
descended from Christopher, though one writer claims that they 
were of Scotch-Irish descent, furnished very prominent figures in 



474 CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANCH 

the public life of that State. There is no evidence to bear out 
this statement of Scotch-Irish descent, and it is distinctly not a 

/ e- 

Scotch-Irish name. Governor John Branch served as Governor 
of North Carolina, as United States Senator and as Secretary of 
the Navy under President Jackson. His son, Lawrence O'B. 
Branch, resigned from the Federal Congress to enter the Con- 
federate Army, rose to the rank of brigadier-general, and fell at 
Sharpsburg, in 1862, while gallantly leading his brigade. 

Alpheus Branch was a merchant and banker who contributed 
largely to the building up of Eastern North Carolina after the 
Civil War, when it had been prostrated by the destruction caused 
by that great struggle. 

J. H. Lea, who prepared a pedigree of these early Branches, 
concludes that Christopher Branch, the immigrant to Virginia, 
was a son of Lionel Branch (born in 1566 and died about 1605), 
a grandson of William Branch, Gentleman, of Abingdon, Berk- 
shire, England. If Mr. Lea is correct in this, it disposes of the 
contention that Christopher Branch was a grandson of William 
Branch, a Protestant martyr under Queen Mary, and a great- 
grandson of the old Lord Mayor. The lands patented by the 
original Christopher Branch then laid in Henrico County, but 
in the later division of Counties it fell into what is now Chester- 
field. Christopher was a man of standing in his generation ; he 
was Justice of the Peace in Henrico, a much more important posi- 
tion in those days than at present, in view of the fact that none 
but the most reputable citizens were appointed to that position 
and their powers were larger than now. The standing and good 
citizenship of the family is in evidence all through the years, 
and in the course of two or three generations its ramifications 
became very extensive, so much so that it would be impossible, 
within the limits of this sketch, to even mention all the marriages 
and children of the various generations so far as record can be 
found. One very interesting marriage worth noting is that of 
Mary, daughter of William Branch (who was a son of Chris- 
topher < 2 >, and who, by her marriage with Thomas Jefferson, 
became the grandmother of Thomas Jefferson, President of the 
United States. 

The faniilv has never held back when the sons of the coimtrv 

*/ t, 

were needed for its defense. The Virginia records show that 
James, Edward and Benjamin Branch were respectively ensign, 
first lieutenant and captain of the Chesterfield company in the 
Kevolutionary War. Benjamin Branch was a very prominent man 
in his day. His son, Colonel Thomas Branch, was born in 1767, 
and had thirteen children. The second Benjamin was an officer 
in the War of 1812, and R. H. Branch appears as an officer in the 
regular army in 1820 credited to Virginia. Of the sons of Colonel 
Thomas, David Branch, of Petersburg, was a member of the Vir- 




MARY E BRANCH 



- 






CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANCH 477 

<;iriia State Senate; Dr. J. C. Branch was a physician of Peters- 
burg ; Thomas Branch was a member of the Secession Convention 
of 1861 ; James B. Branch was a lieutenant-colonel in the Confed- 
erate States Army ; John P. Branch, of Richmond, and Thomas P. 
Branch, of Augusta, Georgia, were prominent citizens of their 
respective cities. 

Going back for a moment to the older time we find that Mat- 
thew Branch, Jr., was a Justice of Chesterfield in 1750, that Ben- 
jamin was a Revolutionary captain and Sheriff of Chesterfield 
from 1780 to 1786, that Thomas Branch was a Justice of Chester- 
field in 1797, that Matthew was a Justice of Buckingham in 1793, 
that Edward was a Justice of Chesterfield in 1804, and that 
Samuel Branch was a Justice of Buckingham in 1841. This re- 
cital is not without purpose. It is to show to the reader that 
these men in the prosaic duties of civil life, which are the very 
foundation stones of our civilization, did not hold back or shirk 
their duties because there was a lack of emolument. They recog- 
nized the obligations resting upon them as citizens, and dis- 
charged those obligations. 

In his immediate line, Christopher Gary Branch is the son 
of Cyrus Adolphus Branch, who married Mary Eliza Wilkinson. 
Cyrus Adolphus Branch was the son of Christopher and Cather- 
ine (Stanard) Branch. Cyrus Adolphus Branch was born July 
10, 1825. His father, Christopher Branch, was the son of Chris- 
topher and Mary Fleming Branch. This Christopher, born in 
1788, was the son of Christopher and Mary Archer Branch. 
Between this Christopher and Christopher < 2 >, son of Christopher, 
the immigrant, there is a break of two or three generations, which 
no records, so far shown, seem to bridge. The old family Bible, 
something more than one hundred years old, shows the full line 
of this branch of the family from Christopher and Mary Fleming 
Branch down to Christopher Gary Branch, and it is here appended 
as a matter of interest and future reference. 

Mary (Fleming) Branch, who died at Somerville January 
31, 1807, in the fifty-seventh year of her age, had three children; 
Christopher, Maria V. and Cyrus Adolphus Branch. 

Cyrus Adolphus Branch was killed in a duel at Havana, 
Island of Cuba, on May 15, 1821, in the twenty-fourth year of his 
age. He was a midshipman in the United States Xavy and was 
attached at that time to the United States Schooner "Enter- 
prise." 

Christopher Branch married Catherine Yates Stanard, 
daughter of Larkin Stanard, of Spottsylvania County, Virginia, 
on December 10, 1823. He died on November 6, 1842, in the fifty- 
fourth year of his age. His illness was of short duration. In the 
month of September he was seized with an attack of bilious fever, 
from which he nearly recovered, but being imprudent he experi- 



4:78 CHRISTOPHER CARY BRANCH 

enced repeated relapses, and finally, on the above-men tiond day, 
breathed his last, leaving the much-desired consolation to a be- 
reaved family, of his acceptance with God. 

Maria V. Branch died at the residence of John C. Stauard, 
her first cousin, on East Franklin Street, Richmond, Virginia, in 
December, 1857, in her sixty-eighth year. 

Christopher Branch married Catherine Y. Stanard, third 
daughter of Larkin Stanard. They had four children. Cyrus 
Adolphus Branch, their first son, was born July 10, 1825, and 
married on December 27, 1854, to Mary Eliza Wilkinson, daugh- 
ter of Gary Wilkinson, of James City County, Virginia, by his 
second marriage. Christopher Branch died, supposedly of apo- 
plexy, November 13, 1874. He was returning from a session of 
New Kent Court, and his body was found in the road between 
Barhamsville and Burnt Ordinary P. O. 

Hugh Beverly Branch, his second son, was born on October 
5, 1827. He died unmarried in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1848 
or_1849. He was seized with yellow fever on his return from Vera 
Cruz, Mexico, which terminated fatally. 

Victor Moreau Branch was born November 3, 1830, and was 
married to Julia H. Bulkley, daughter of Captain William Bulk- 
ley, of Southport, Connecticut, on October 4, 1860. He died Jan- 
uary 13, 1876, after many days of suffering from a broken leg and 
rheumatism, in the City of St. Louis, and was buried in Green- 
wood Cemetery, in that city, where a tombstone marks the grave. 
Julia H. Branch died December 25, 1868. 

Henry Bernard Branch, the fourth son, was born September 
5, 1833, and died October 5, 1834, aged one year, one month. 

Catherine Y. Branch, the widow of Christopher Branch, died 
in the town of Manchester, January 25, 1854, at half-past one 
A. M., in the fifty-eighth year of her age. The deceased was 
stricken with paralysis on the night of the twenty-first, which 
terminated fatally on the twenty-fifth. 

After the tragic death of Christopher's uncle, C. A. Branch, 
Victor was named V. M. Randolph Branch, in honor of his 
uncle's friend, V. M. Randolph. 

Cyrus Adolphus Branch, the first son of Christopher and 
Catherine Y. Branch, was married to Mary Eliza Wilkinson, 
December 27, 1854. They had five children : Catherine Stanard 
Branch was born at "Merry Oaks," James City County, March 
29, 1856, and was married October 17, 1882, to William B. Lamb, 
son of Junius Lamb, of James City County. She was married at 
"Sunny Side." 

Mary Wilkinson Branch, the second child, was born at 
"Merry Oaks," James City County, Virginia, May 15, 1858. She 
was married to Howard Gregory Spencer, son of William L. 



CHRISTOPHER GARY BRANCH 479 

Spencer, of James City County, February 5, 1879. One child 
was born, March 5, 1880. 

Christopher Cary Branch was born at "Sunny Side," James 
City County, Virginia, April 4, 1860. 

Cyrus Adolphus Branch was born August 9, 1862. At the 
time of the birth of this child the country was in possession of the 
Yankees, and his father, a member of the Virginia Senate, was 
compelled to flee from home. He was born at "Sunny Side," 
James City County. 

Matilda Taliaferro Branch was born July 4, 1865, at "Sunny 
Side," James City County, Virginia. 

Victor Moreau Branch, who married Julia Howard Bulkley, 
had four children : William Randolph Branch, the first son, was 
born July 16, 1861, at North Ross Street, Richmond, Virginia, a 
boarding house kept by Mrs. E. M. Duval ; Aubin B. Branch was 
born at Richmond, Virginia, Northeast Cary St., on January 19, 
1865; Charlotte Stanard Branch was born October 1, 1867, at 
Cary St., Richmond, Virginia, and died on December 17, 1868. 
Julia Howard Branch, the youngest child, died on December 25, 
at three o'clock A. M., 1868, aged thirty-five years, twenty-five 
days. 

The Coat of Arms of this family, as brought to Virginia by 
Christopher Branch, is as follows : 

Arms : Argent a lion rampant gules armed azure oppressed 
with a bend sable. 

Crest : Out of a ducal coronet or, a cock's head azure combed 
gules holding a branch vert. 



EDWARD EVERARD GOODWYN 

GOODWYN, Goodwin, Godwin, are all forms of the same 
family name which dates from the time of Saxon suprem- 
acy in England. The family name, therefore, is now 
considerably more than a thousand years old. It will be 
remembered that the great Saxon, Earl Godwin, was the father- 
in-law of the last Saxon King Harold, and was a most valiant 
patriot, who, in less strenuous times, would have been a great 
diplomat or statesman. Descended from one branch of this 
ancient family, which through the long centuries has made a good 
record both in the old country and the new, in public and private 
life, is Colonel Edward Everard Goodwyn, of Emporia, Greenes- 
ville County, Virginia. 

Colonel Goodwyn was born at "Greenwood/ 7 the ancestral 
home of his father, in Greenesville County, September 26, 1874, 
the eldest son of David Everard and Fanny Hays (Montgomery) 
Goodwyn. The other children of these parents were Lucy Meade, 
Miriam KLoman, Albert Norton, Stella Kandolph, and Meade 
Montgomery. The father, although very young at the time of 
the Civil War, was attached to the Thirteenth Virginia Cavalry, 
and was noted for his splendid horsemanship. The mother was 
a native of Warsaw, Kichuiond County, Virginia, was of Scotch 
origin and a descendant of the famous Montgomery family of 
which there are so many accounts in history. 

The Montgoinerys, who claim descent from the noble house 
of Eglinton, authorities tell us, have long been settled in the 
north of Ireland, and it is from Ireland that the Montgomerys 
who emigrated to America came. Richard Montgomery, the Con- 
tinental General who fell so gloriously before Quebec in 1775, was 
born in County Dublin. John Montgomery, who settled in Penn- 
sylvania, and was a member of the Continental Congress, was 
also from Ireland. It was a John Montgomery who granted to 
the City of New York, January 15, 1730, the charter which was in 
force for a century he was styled : "Captain-General and Gov- 
ernor in Chief of the Province of New York and territories de- 
pending thereon in America, and Vice Admiral of the same." 

Roger de Montgomery, who was a relative of William, Duke 
of Normandy, and who came with him to England in 1066, was 
the ancestor of the English branch of this house. He commanded 
the van of the army at the battle of Hastings and, as was the 
case with the whole retinue, the conqueror rewarded him well in 

[480] 




f 




EDWARD EVERARD GOODWYN 483 

grants of estates and honors, among which were the lands of 
Arundel and the Earldom of Salisbury. His wife was Mabel, 
daughter of William de Talvoise. Philip, their son, in the reign 
of Henry I, came into possession of a fine estate in the shire of 
Eenfrew. His descendant, Sir Robert Montgomery, of Eagle- 
ham, was distinguished for his valor in 1388, having captured, at 
the battle of Otterbury, Sir Henry Percy, known as "Harry Hot- 
spur." One of his descendants, Alexander Montgomery, of Eglin- 
ton, was Lord of the King's Bed Chamber. "One of the sixteen 
Peers of Scotland" in 1700 was the father of Archibald Montgom- 
ery, colonel of a Highland regiment of foot, who was distin- 
guished for bravery in the English Army during the Revolution 
in 1776. He was also Governor of Dumbarton Castle. The Arms 
of the family were : Quarterly first and fourth azure three fleurs 
de lis or, 2nd and third gules, 3 rings or gemmed azure. 

Alexander Montgomery, a member of this family who lived 
between 1556 and 1615, was a Scottish poet. James Montgomery 
was another poet who died in 1854. 

The brothers, William and Joseph Montgomery, came to 
America shortly before the War of the Revolution. Joseph was 
in the Continental Army. After the war Joseph went to Vir- 
ginia. The Montgomery family were well represented in the 
Continental Army. Joseph Montgomery was a soldier. 

A Montgomery family which came to Pennsylvania in 1803 
descended from some of those of the name who, in the time of 
the Stuarts, fled from Scotland and settled in the north of Ire- 
land. These immigrants were William Montgomery, who sold 
his Irish estate and, with his second wife, nee Margaret Somer- 
ville, John, son of his first wife, Margaret, Henry and William, 
sailed from Londonderry and came to Pennsylvania. The wife 
died shortly after they arrived and was buried in the cemetery 
near Lancaster. Not long after the family moved to Augusta 
County, Virginia, and rented a farm near Staunton. The father 
subsequently went to Ohio with his sons and died in 1821. It ap- 
pears that Henry married in Augusta County but he returned to 
Ohio and lived with his half-brother John. Henry died in 1870, 
aged eighty-one years, and was buried in Hanover County. 

The Montgomery family probably took their name from their 
ancient seat in the County of Montgomery in the Pays d'Auge 
where they held several baronies. 

Colonel Goodwyn's paternal grandmother was Amelia Meade, 
of the distinguished Virginia family of that name, which came 
originally from Ireland, so that in his veins there flows Saxon, 
English, Scotch and Irish blood. The Everard which appears in 
his Christian name comes from Sir Richard Everard, who was 
Governor of North Carolina in 1725. His daughter, Susanna, 
married David Meade, founder of the famous Virginia family of 



484 EDWARD EVERARD GOODWYN 

that name, to which the Eight Reverend William Meacle, Bishop 
of Virginia, commonly known as the "Iron Bishop," belonged,, 
and he was a near relative of Colonel Goodwyn's grandmother. 

Colonel Edward Everard Goodwyn was educated partly in 
the public schools of Greenesville County, partly in a private 
school at Emporia, conducted by Rev. William Frost Bishop, and 
partly at Franklin Academy, Franklin, Virginia. His business 
record is of the best. Arriving at manhood in 1895, he established 
an insurance business in Emporia, of which he is the sole owner, 
and which has grown to be one of the largest general insurance 
agencies in Southside, Virginia. He now represents more than 
forty leading companies. He possesses a large measure of energy, 
sound judgment and persevering application, and his associates in 
business and colleagues in associations and societies have utilized 
his abilities very generously. At the age of twenty-two he was 
elected the first cashier of the Greenesville Bank, at its organiza- 
tion in 1897. This was the first bank to be operated in Emporia or 
Greenesville County. Finding the duties of this position pre- 
vented his giving the proper attention to the Insurance Agency 
which he had established two years before, he resigned the office. 
When a second bank, the Merchants and Farmers, was organized, 
in 1902, he was elected Vice-President, which position he has held 
continuously since that time. In 1902 he was one of the pro- 
moters and organizers of the Emporia Light and Power Company, 
which gave Emporia its first electric lights and its first ice plant. 
Thus he is Vice-President of the Virginia Association of Local 
Fire Association Agents, Vice-President of the Merchants and 
Farmers Bank of Emporia, clerk of the Greenesville County 
School Board, in which he takes much interest, especially in the 
matter of the rural schools ; Secretary-Treasurer and Manager of 
the Emporia Agricultural and Fair Association, which office he 
has filled since its organization ten years ago. Under his manage- 
ment it has grown to be one of the principal fairs of the State. 
He is also a member of the Emporia Dispensary Board, and both 
a Mason and an Odd Fellow. 

He is active in Church work, being Junior Warden and 
Treasurer of the Episcopal Church. Notwithstanding all these 
varied activities and his own private business, Colonel Goodwyn 
has found time to become one of the most prominent military 
figures in the State Volunteer organization. Enlisting at the age 
of nineteen as a private in Company I, Fourth Virginia Volun- 
teer Infantry, he has been continuously in the service up to the 
present. The first enlistment was in Franklin in 1893, and at 
that time Brigadier-General C. C. Vaughan was second lieu- 
tenant of his company. In 1895 he removed to Emporia. On 
the organization of the Greenesville Guards, Company "M," April 
30, 1900, he was elected second lieutenant. August 20, 1901, he 



EDWARD EVERARD GOODWYN 485 

was elected captain. February 1, 1907, he was elected major of the 
Third Battalion, Fourth Regiment, composed of the Suffolk, 
Franklin and Emporia Companies, "F," "I," and "M." On Au- 
gust 3, 1912, after the return of the regiment from the manoeuvres 
at Mt. Gretna, Pennsylvania, he was, much to his own surprise, 
elected colonel of the^regiment composed of the infantry compa- 
nies of Norfolk and Tidewater. He was one of the five militia 
officers of the State detailed by Governor Stuart to serve on his 
staff. 

The proper motto for this man who, at forty, is not only a 
successful business man, but colonel of a regiment of militia, 
and active in a dozen other directions, would be "thorough." 
Evidently he puts his whole soul into everything he undertakes. 
The value of a citizen of this quality in any community cannot 
be estimated. It is not only what he does himself, but also what 
he inspires others to do. Colonel Goodwyu was married, June 
24, 1908, to Annabelle Jenkins Powell, a native of the County, 
born January 31, 1881, and daughter of Honorable W. M. and 
Sue (Maclin) Powell. Mrs. Goodwyn's father is, and has been 
for fifteen years past, Commonwealth's Attorney for the County, 
and her mother is a member of one of the oldest and most promi- 
nent families in that section. 

The family history of this branch of the Goodwyn family 
begins, so far as definite information is available, with Henry 
Goodwyn, of Buckinghamshire, England. This Henry had a son 
Robert, who settled in Westminster, and in the "Visitation of 
London in 1633 and 1634," published by the Harleian Society, Vol. 
I, page 325, it is stated that Robert Goodwyn, of Westminster 
and of Tower Streets, had married Jane, daughter of Anthony 
Dollin, of Hainault, in Flanders, and they had an issue, Peter, 
who was a salter in 1633, and who married Sara, daughter of 
John Hellard, alias Highlord, a merchant of London. They had 
issue: Gertrude, who married John Pigot; Susanna, Elizabeth, 
Sara, John, Mathew, Peter and James. James was the immigrant 
to America. He settled in York County, Virginia, in 1648, and 
also had land grants in Westmoreland County. He was a Justice 
of the Peace and also had the title of major. He served as Justice 
from 1657 until 1661. In 1658 he represented his county in the 
House of Burgesses. He lived on Back Creek. His father, Peter 
Goodwyn, of London, died about 1661, and he returned to Eng- 
land on that account. His first wife, whose name was Rachel, 
was born in 1630, and died May 23, 1666. She was buried on 
Back Creek. She appears to have had five sons and two daugh- 
ters. "Genealogical Gleanings in England," published in the 
"New T England Historical and Genealogical Register," Vol. 
48, page 385, gives numerous details about the will of Peter 
Goodwyn, of London, from which it appears that his sons, James, 



486 EDWARD EVERARD GOODWYN 

Peter and Mathew, were his executors. Major Goodwyn was 
married twice, but presumably all his children were by the first 
wife. The records are incomplete as to these children, and as to 
what became of them. The sons are said to have been: Robert, 
who married one Anne; John, who married Elizabeth Moore; 
Peter, who married Rebecca Toplady ; Matthew Martin, who mar- 
ried one Barbara ; Susanna, who married a Duke, and Elizabeth, 
who married a Blinkhorn. One of these sons, but it cannot be 
definitely stated which, was the father of Thomas, who was the 
father of Joseph, who was the father of Peterson, who was the 
father of Albert Thweat, who was the father of David Everard, 
who was the father of Edward Everard, the subject of this sketch. 
This makes Colonel Goodwyn in the eleventh generation from 
Henry of Buckinghamshire, whose life probably covered the 
period between 1550 and 1660. James, a very old man, grand- 
father of a lady who was interested in tracing up this matter, 
told his granddaughter that James Goodwyn was the grandfather 
of Thomas Goodwyn, but he did not know which one of the sous 
was the father of Thomas. Thomas lived in Dinwiddie County, in 
which he took up land grants. Joseph, son of Thomas, was born 
in Isle of Wight County, but lived at "The Martins" in Din- 
widdie. He married a Miss Peterson, and was the father of Colo- 
nel Peterson Goodwyn, who was born about 1745 in Dinwiddie. 
The late Judge William Samuel Goodwyn, a cousin to the subject 
of this sketch, and a descendant of Joseph Goodwyn above re- 
ferred to, is a member of another branch of the Goodwyn family 
residing in Greenesville County. Colonel Peterson Goodwyn mar- 
ried Elizabeth Peterson in 1775. He was a planter and lawyer, 
an Episcopalian, lived at "Sweden," in Dinwiddie County, rose 
to the rank of colonel in the Revolutionary War, for many years 
represented his County in the Legislature, was elected to the 
Eighth Congress and served continuously for nearly sixteen 
years, dying on February 21, 1818, while a member of the Fif- 
teenth Congress. Sweden, the property of Mr. Joseph Goodwyn, 
is still in the possession of the Goodwyn family, being now 
owned and occupied by sons of the late Dr. John Goodwyn, who 
was a prominent physician and planter. He had seven children. 
His youngest son, Albert Thweat Goodwyn, was twice married, 
first to Martha King, and second, about 1833, to Amelia Meade, 
who was first cousin of the famous Bishop of Virginia, William 
Meade. Albert Thweat Goodwyn was, like others of his family, 
a planter by occupation, a Whig in politics and an Episcopalian 
in religion. 

The Coat of Arms of Major James Goodwyn, of York County, 
Virginia, is thus described: 

"Per Pale Gules and Or, a Lion rampant between three fleurs- 
de-lis counterchanged." 






FUB. 




J 









THE BOWEN FAMILY 

THE State of Virginia has been phenomenally rich in great 
families. It is strictly within the truth to say that this 
\j *.* 

Republic owes more to the members of these great Vir- 
ginia families than to those of any other State, and in 
making this statement no reflection is intended upon the services 
rendered by the splendid men of other States. While these great 
Virginia families are not, as many suppose, all of English origin, 
it is true that a majority of them are. Many of them, however, 
are of French, Welsh, Scotch and Irish descent. Our story has 

7 / *-f 

to do with one of these families of Welsh ancestry, the Bowens of 
Southwest Virginia. 

As all people familiar with history know, the Welsh people 
are of the old British stock. Ancient Britons made a gallant 
stand against the Romans, and, though conquered by trained 
armies in the greater part of the country, maintained their inde- 
pendence in Wales. Against Saxon, Dane and Norman the Welsh 
held their own, and after England was subdued by William the 
Norman a bloody and perpetual warfare was waged for two hun- 
dred and twenty-five years before the English power was able to 
dominate the rugged little country, with its gallant people and 
incorporate it as a part of the British domain. Even after that 
the Welsh did not amalgamate with the rest of the population, 
and to this day preserve largely the pure blood and the charac- 
teristics which, through all the centuries, have made them a 
strong people. 

The Bowen family originated in Pembrokeshire, South Wales. 
This is a coast county, and explains Avhy so many of the Bowens 
won distinction in the English Navy. So much of the ancient- 
history is covered up with legends, and dates are so confused, 
that it is quite impossible to fix a definite time as to much of this 
early history. Approximately, the family goes back to about the 
year 1050. There is a legend to the effect that the head of the 
family thirteen hundred years ago carried the sword of state 
before King Arthur at his coronation at Caerleon (Lions' Rock), 
in Monmouthshire. But no authentic records go back that far. 
About 1050, just before the Norman Conquest of England, one 
comes upon something like history in Wales. The various tribes 
had taken shape, and we know who some of their rulers were. 

It seems reasonably certain that this family was descended 
from one Griffith, who was one of the Princes of South Wales. 

[489] 



490 THE BOWEN FAMILY 

After several generations we come upon the name "Ap Owein/' 
To illustrate how these Welsh names run we find Robert ap John 
ap Thomas ap Owein, who used as his Coat of Arms that borne 
by Griffith Gower, Lord of Ynyssdderne, South Wales. With 
slight variations this is the Coat of Arms of the Pembrokeshire 
Bowens down to the present time. 

The Bowen Coat of Arms, as given in one of the books pub- 
lished about American Bowens, is described as : 

Azure a stag argent with an arrow stuck in the back and 
attired or. 

Crest: A stag standing vulned in the back with an arrow 
proper. 

This Coat of Arms conies from Swansea and Kittle Hill, 
Glamorganshire, Wales, to which place a branch of the family, 
originally founded at Peutre Evan, had moved, and from which 
came the American Bowens. 

The seat of the family appears to have been at Pentre Evan. 
Ap Owein, or Owen, became softened into Ab Owen, and then into 
Bowen. In this connection an interesting letter was written by 
Major Arthur Bowen, of St. Catherines, Canada, on December 17, 
1859, and which will bear reproduction. He said : 

"There are Welsh Bowens and Irish Bowens. The latter 
which is descended from the Bowens who went over with "Strong- 
bow," the Earl of Pembroke, from Milfordhaven, in Pembroke- 
shire, six hundred years ago in the reign of Henry II. They all 
admit their Welsh origin and are proud of it, as are the Irish 
Lloyds, Morgans, Evans, etc. My family are Welsh of the old 
genuine full-blooded stock, and literal Cambrians proud of our 
ancestry. We have it by tradition that our ancestors were 
Princes of Dyfed." 

(Here follows the tradition above referred to about King 
Arthur.) The major then goes on to say: 

"The Bowens in South Wales are numerous, particularly in 
Pembrokeshire. I am a direct descendant of the pioneers of 
Pentre Evan ap Owen. My ancestor was the second High Sheriff 
of the County. These high sheriffs were first appointed in the 
reign of Henry VII, and since that time their names will be 
found in every reign filling that office; Bowen of Llwyngwair of 
the house of Pentre Evan, was the last. There were many 
generals and admirals in the family in by-gone days and in 
Bow generals and admirals in the family in by-gone days and in 
modern times. One of my first cousins was Admiral Charles 
Bowen, and another, Captain John Bowen. One of my brothers 
was in the Battle of Trafalgar. Another was at the desperate 
Battle of Java, where he later died on the staff of Sir Rolla Gil- 
lespie. Another brother was in the East Indian service, wounded 



THE BOWEX FAMILY 491 



in action and died. I am a retired major of the British service 
in the West Indies, East Indies and in Spain." 

In Burke's "Landed Gentry" appears a memorandum as to 
the Bowen family under the title of "Bowen of Llwyngwair," to 
this effect : 

"Llewelyn ap Owen, of Pentre Evan, County Pembroke, de- 
scended from Gwilym ap Gwrwared ap Gwilym, descended from 
Gwrwared, of Cemniaes, son of Cyhylyn, is frequently mentioned 
in Baronia de Kemeys. He was one of the free tenants of the 

*/ 

Fee of Treevern in 1364. He married Nest, daughter of Howell 
Vvchan, and had five sons and three daughters. The names of 

/ 

four of these sons we know : Rhys, Evan, Owen and Philys." 

V / f */ 

This Pentre Evan family seems to have been the main line of 

/ 

these Bowens. It is interesting to note that they were also an- 
cestors of Owens and Lewises, which is something which nobody 
but a Welshman can figure out. The Bowen family had a very 
conspicuous and honorable history in Wales, and at one time, 
some centuries back, Sir Rees (or Rhys, the name appearing un- 
der both forms) was the greatest man of his generation in the 
principality. 

In the seventeenth century three of these Bowens emigrated 
to America. Griffith Bowen came to Massachusetts in 1638 and 
founded a prominent family there. Richard, about the same time, 
perhaps a little earlier, came to Rehoboth, Massachusetts, and 
from him is descended the Connecticut family, which is now 
widely spread. Moses Bowen, with his wife Rebecca Rees, came 
with a large company from Wales, about 1698, and settled in 
Guinnedd township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. It will be 
noted that they were strong and numerous enough to give a Welsh 
name to the township. Moses Bowen must have been a man of 
considerable means, for he acquired ten thousand acres of land in 
Chester County where he settled. He is said to have been a 
Quaker, which is not surprising, in view of the fact that the 
Quaker movement in England in the last half of the seventeenth 
century was then at its height and reached a great multitude of 
thinking men who seemed to have realized as fully then as we do 
now the horrors of war, and sought to engage men in purer, better 
and more peaceful living. 

John Bowen, sometimes spoken of as "Quaker John," a man 
of great physical strength, son of Moses and Rebecca Rees Boweu, 
was a man of considerable wealth for his time. He married Lilly 
Mcllhany, a beautiful Scotch-Irish girl of seventeen, who had 
come with her mother and stepfather to Pennsylvania. She was 
a daughter of Henry and Jane Mcllhany. Her father died in her 
infancy, leaving two children, Lilly and Henry. The mother 
married secondly, a Mr. Hunter, and with her second husband 
and two children came to Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hunter and her 



492 THE ROWEX FAMILY 

daughter were both expert flax spinners, and were said to have 
been the first Scotch-Irish women to bring the small flax-wheel 
to Pennsylvania. John Bowen migrated to Augusta County, Vir- 
ginia, about 1730, at that time an extreme frontier settlement. 
John Bowen and his wife, Lilly Mcllhany, were the parents of 
twelve children : Moses, John, Jane, Nancy, Kebecca, Henry, Ar- 
thur, Kobert, Mary, Charles, William and Rees. Moses died of 
small-pox while serving in the Virginia Colonial Army, John mar- 
ried Rachel Mathew; Jane married Cunningham, who died, and 
she afterward married Fring ; Nancy married Archie Buchanan ; 
Rebecca married Whitley; Henry married Anne Cunningham; 
Arthur married Mary McMurray; Robert married Mary Gilles- 
pie; Mary married Poston; Charles married Nancy Gillespie; 
and Rees married Levisa Smith. 

Captain William Bowen married Mary Henley Russell, 
daughter of General William Russell by his first wife, Tabitha 
Adams, his second wife being the widow of General William 
Campbell, the hero of King's Mountain, and before her marriage 
was Elizabeth Henry, sister of Patrick Henry. 

Colonel John H. Bowen, son of Captain William Bowen, was 
a noted lawyer and a representative from Tennessee in the Thir- 
teenth Congress. Catherine Bowen, daughter of Captain Wil- 
liam Bowen, married David Campbell, brother of Governor Camp- 
bell of Virginia, and her son, W T illiam Bowen Campbell, was the 
sixteenth Governor of Tennessee, serving from 1851 to 1853, held 
other honorable positions and was one of the great men of Ten- 
nessee in his generation. 

Moses Bowen and his son John are said to have been Quak- 
ers, but never did the peaceable Friends breed a stronger lot of 
fighting men than these two sturdy Quakers. Brief space is here 
given to the records of some of these. 

When the Revolutionary War broke upon the country, the 
Bowens were ardent patriots to a man. One of the sons of John, 
Rees Bowen, born about 1742, after arriving at manhood, settled 
in what is now Rockbridge County, Virginia, but in 1772 moved 
further up country and settled at Maiden Spring, Tazewell 
County. The lands which he then acquired have now been in the 
family for five generations. In 1774 he took part in the battle of 
Point Pleasant, on the Ohio River, waged between the Virginians 
under General Andrew Lewis and the Indians under their chief. 
Cornstalk. This was what is known as Dunmore's War. Evi- 
dently he became a Revolutionary soldier, for he was in an expedi- 
tion which went to the release of the Kentucky stations in 1778. 
The summer and fall of 1780 was the darkest period of the Revolu- 
tionary cause in the Southern States. Cornwallis had overrun the 
Carolinas and everywhere defeated the defenders, and only irregu- 
lar bands were keeping up the struggle. Colonel Ferguson, one of 



THE BO WEN FAMILY 493 

the most efficient of the British officers, a Scotchman of approved 
valor, and noted for his ability in partisan warfare, was dis- 
patched to the western section of North Carolina by his chief for 
the purpose of rallying the Tories in that section, and also of 
striking terror to their opponents. That section had not before 
been invaded, and the mountaineers began to buzz like a nest of 
angry hornets. From the upper regions of North Carolina, from 
extreme western North Carolina, from the Watauga, from the 
Holston and from the Clinch these deadly marksmen gathered un- 
der their colonels and rallied to meet the British. Down from 
southwestern Virginia came William Campbell at the head of his 
four hundred Virginians. Among these was a company com- 
manded by William Bowen, his brother Rees being lieutenant. 

When the colonels had gathered together with their cohorts 
Ferguson became alarmed and retreated, finally making a stand 
on King's Mountain. Draper's "History of King's Mountain and 
Its Heroes" tells the story in great detail a story worth telling 
-for it was the turning point of the struggle in the Southern 
Colonies. When the battle impended Captain William Bowen was 
ill of a fever. The command of his company devolved upon his 
brother Rees. Considering the small number of men engaged, 
not over two thousand men, all told in both of the little armies, 
the struggle was a furious one, the American riflemen charging 
up the mountain with great valor and the British meeting them 
with equal courage. Rees Bowen leading his company was ob- 
served to be making hazardous and unnecessary exposure of his 
person. Some friend remonstrated. 

"Why, Bowen, do you not take a tree? Why rashly present 
yourself to the deliberate aim of the Provincial and Tory riflemen 
concealed behind every rock and bush before you? Death will 
inevitably follow if you persist." 

"Take to a tree !" he indignantly replied. "No, never shall it 
be said that I sought safety by hiding my person or dodging from 
Briton or Tory who opposed me in the field." 

He had scarcely concluded his brief utterance when a rifle- 
ball struck him in the breast, and he fell instantly and expired. 

The record of the man who fought at King's Mountain shows 
that the Bowens started there what appears to have become a 
habit with them. When there was any fighting to be done for 
their country, they all went. For among the King's Mountain 
men appeared William Bowen, captain ; Arthur Bowen, captain ; 
Rees Bowen, lieutenant; Henry Bowen, private; Robert Boweu, 
private, all five being brothers and sons of John Bowen. 

Lieutenant Rees Bowen married Levisa Smith. Their chil- 
dren were Colonel Henry Bowen, Captain Rees Bowen, Levisa, 
Nancy, Peggy, Rebecca and Lilly. Of these children, Rees mar- 
ried his cousin Rebecca Bowen, but left no children ; Nancy mar- 



494 THE BO WEN FAMILY 

ried Major John Ward, who left a large family; Peggy married 
Thomas Gillespie, and she also left a numerous family; Kebecca 
married a Mr. Duff, and of that family we have no record ; Lilly 
married Mr. Hildreth, and went to Kentucky where many of her 

/ C' t/ 

descendants now live, and Levisa married William Thompson, 
many of their descendants still residing in Tazewell County. 
Colonel Henry Bowen married Ella Tate, and their children were, 
General Rees T. Bowen, Colonel Henry S. Bowen, Jane, Louisa 
and Ellen Bowen. 

Colonel Henry Bowen, son of Lieutenant Kees, was a man 
of note in his section during his life, served his people in both 
houses of the General Assembly, was an officer in the War of 1812 
and was a man of high standing and solid ability who enjoyed 
the esteem and confidence of his people. 

Louisa Bowen, daughter of Colonel Henry and Ellen Tate 
Bowen, married Dr. John W. Johnston, a brother of the famous 
General Joseph E. Johnston, of the Confederate Army. Dr. John 
W. Johnston was a very skillful physician, who died young. His 
son, John W., Jr., was educated at Abington Academy, South 
Carolina College and the University of Virginia. He became a 
lawyer and practiced his profession in Tazewell County, was 
Commonwealth's Attorney in 1842, a member of the Virginia 
Senate in 1847 and 1848, President of the North-Western Bank 
of Jeffersonville from 1850 to 1859, and Judge of the Tenth Judi- 
cial Circuit from 1867 to 1869, when he was elected to the United 
States Senate from Virginia for the term ending in 1871. He was 
twice re-elected, making his service continuous from January 26, 
1870, to March 3, 1883. He was a frequent writer on legal and 
political topics, and contributed several historical articles to the 
magazines. 

He was married in Tazewell County, Virginia, October 12, 
1841, to Mcketti Floyd, daughter of Governor John Floyd, of Vir- 
ginia, and one account says they had six sons and six daughters. 
A probably more reliable account gives them five children, as 
follows : Dr. George Ben Johnston, ex-President of the American 
Surgical Association; Joseph E., Lavalette, who married a Mc- 
Mullin; Sally Johnston, who married Captain Henry Lee, 
brother of General Fitzhugh Lee, and Charlie Johnston. Senator 
Johnston died February 27, 1889. 

General Kees T. Bowen was married twice; first to Louisa 
Peery, and afterward to Lucy Gravatt. Of his marriage with 
Louisa Peery there were born the following children: Ellen S., 
Major Thomas P., Jane, Captain Henry, Rees T., Edward, Hattie, 
John and Lou Bowen. From the second marriage was born a 
daughter, now Mrs. George Turner, of Merchantsville, Pennsyl- 
vania. 



I 








A5TOT, L 
TIL 



THE BOWEX FAMILY 407 

General Rees T. Bowen was born at Maiden Spring, Tazewell 
County, January 10, 1809. He received an academic education 

t/ 7 t/ 

at home and at the Abingdon Academy. His occupation through 
life was that of a farmer and grazier. His marriage with Maria 
Louisa Peery took place on June 13, 1835. He represented Taze- 
well in the Legislature of Virginia from 1800 to 1865, and served 
as brigadier-general of the Virginia militia by appointment of 
Governor Wise. Xo man of his dav was more highly esteemed 

<> CU I, 

in the section than General Rees Bowen. 

When the great Civil War burst upon the country his sons 
entered the Confederate Army to a man. After the war there 
was a period of some years full of political turmoil in the South- 
ern States. In the emergency the people naturally turned to their 
most trusted men. General Bowen was elected to the Forty-third 
Congress as a conservative, serving from December 1, 1873, to the 
termination of that Congress in 1875, and as a measure of the 
esteem in which he was held by his people, he defeated his oppon- 
ent, R. W. Hughes, by a vote of 10,352 against Hughes' vote of 
5304. He died August 21), 1879. While in Congress his kinsman, 
Senator Johnston, was in the Upper House. 

Captain Henry Bowen, son of General Rees T. Bowen, was 
born at Maiden Spring, Tazewell County, Virginia, December 26, 
1841. He received a liberal education, at Emory and Henry Col- 
lege, served through the four years of the Civil War, was a cap- 
tain of cavalry, resumed his occupation as a farmer and grazier 
after the war, served two terms in the Virginia Legislature, and 
in 1882 was elected to Congress as a readjuster and re-elected to 
the Fiftieth Congress as a Republican, receiving 13,497 votes 
against 9927 for R. R. Henry, Democrat. 

Captain Henry Bowen was one of the best loved men who 
ever lived in that section of Virginia, and his story is so well 
worth telling that we give in full here an appreciation of him 
written after his death by an intimate friend, who was much 
better qualified to write it than any biographer, however capable : 

A BOWEX OF THE BOWENS 

"Our kindly mother earth so bountiful in her gifts of the 
season's fruits, at times exacts unusual tribute from her children, 
and in this year, so fateful of their destines, she is taking back 
to her bosom the best of many lands, and let us hope that she 
holds them as hostage for the future peace of the nations. 

"The fearful necrology of this year of our Lord embraces 
not only the names of soldiers of many lands and from all the 
Continents, but from our own are being gathered the soldiers of 
another great war, who, surviving its battlefields, are obeying 
the fiat of a law older and more inexorable than the law of battle 
the traditional statute of the three score years and ten. 



498 THE BOWEX FAMILY 

"Of one of these we write with a full heart, Captain Henry 
Bowen, who died full of years and of honors, at his ancestral 
home at Maiden Spring, on April 29, 1915. 

"Though admirable in all his relations and responsibilities, 
by reason of racial tendencies inherent in the Bowens, and illus- 
trated in all his country's wars, from King's Mountain to Appo- 
mattox, he was proud of his record as a soldier of the Confeder- 
acy (though one of the most unassuming of men), and he main- 
tained that a soldier who had done his full duty during the four 
terrible years of our great Civil War could gain no higher dis- 
tinction, could achieve no greater renown. 

"The fitness to serve or to command with him was a heritage, 
for in all our wars from the Revolution, where the first (Ameri- 
can) Rees Bowen lost his life, in the War of 1812, in the war with 
Mexico, in 1846, and then in 1861-5, all the Bowens went into serv- 
ice save the aged head of the family, General Rees Tate Bowen, 
who was serving his State in the Legislature in Richmond 
throughout the war, and who served in Congress, 1873-5. 

"Thus, we have the roster. Colonel Henry Smith Bowen, a 
brother of General Bowen, w r ho commanded the 22d Virginia 
Cavalry; Major Thomas P. Bowen, of the 8th Virginia Cavalry; 
Captain Henry Bowen (the subject of this sketch), Rees T. 
Bowen (now the head of the family), and later on William Ed- 
ward Bowen, the youngest brother, the cadet of the family. 

"Of the twenty years of his boyhood there is little to say, 
but that his surroundings must have contributed to the develop- 
ment of a character singularly charming, and fitted him for the 
easy assumption of any duty or responsibility to which the un- 
folding reel of life might call him; the manorial homestead, 
Maiden Spring, with its boundless hospitality, overlooking a 
wide-reaching landscape, probably the most beautiful in Virginia, 
miles of meadows, fields and woodland. These were his teachers. 

"Here he was taught no narrow creed, for all that the hills 
taught of freedom, all that mountains taught of stability, and all 
that the valleys whispered of happiness, conspired in the making 
of the soldier, the statesman and the citizen whose loss we 
deplore. 

"A memory picture of Bowen's Cove in 1861 shows two 
stately mansions on a great plateau, with wide stretching savan- 
nas between, sloping to the south where a section of the mountain 
had been removed by some prehistoric giant to make the land- 
scape perfect, and here lived two brothers, typical descendants 
of a strong-armed race. General Rees Tate Bowen and Colonel 
Henry Smith Bowen, the former w T ith four stalwart sons and 
three lovely daughters around him, and the latter, being childless, 
could only offer himself to his country, and served it faithfully 
as Colonel of the 22d Virginia Cavalry. 



THE BOWEX FAMILY 499 

"After a brief service early in the war as sergeant-major of 
the 45th Virginia Regiment, Henry Bowen was invalided, and 
elected to the command of Company H of the 8th Virginia Cav- 
alry, and with a strong preference for this branch of the service, 
and association with the members of his gallant troop, he sought 
neither transfer nor promotion. His regiment, one of the best in 
the army, saw its initial service in what is now West Virginia, 
under several commanders Payne, Floyd, the great Kobert E. 
Lee (his first command), and others. Here, in what is called 
the Northwest Campaign, the regiment received its baptism, at 
Carnifax Ferry, McCoy Bridge, Kanawha Falls, etc., until ordered 
to report to General W. E. Jones for service in Tennessee. 

"Beginning at Bristol, Jones' little army drove the Federals 
to the gates of Knoxville, with many small engagements, surprises 
and running fights; but the enemy being strongly reinforced, 
Jones' command slowly retreated through Cumberland Gap, and 
was later incorporated with the forces in the Valley of Virginia, 
under Early, Rosser, Fitzhugh Lee and others. Here, after fierce 
fighting through what is known as the Winchester Campaign, 
Captain Bowen was surrounded and taken prisoner. His cap- 
ture at Lacy's Spring, on December 21, 1864, terminated his 
career as a soldier in the field. He was imprisoned at Fort Dela- 
ware, where he remained until June, 1865, when he was released 
from prison and returned to his old home to resume the pursuits 
of peace, and to bear his part in the rehabilitation of the South- 
land from the ravages of a long and cruel war. 

"A good soldier, as a rule, makes a good citizen, and Captain 
Bowen, for the half century that his life was spared to him and 
his friends, assumed without ostentation and performed with 
conspicuous faithfulness every obligation laid upon him in that 
capacity. 

"As a member of the Legislature of the State in the crucial 
years of reconstruction, he took a prominent and creditable part 
in the readjustment of the State debt, and in other issues of a 
time memorable in our history. 

"It was during his last session in Richmond that the great 
Capitol disaster occurred, in which sixty-one men were killed 
and over two hundred injured, but by reason of his strength he 
escaped in company with his comrade in arms and colleague in 
the Legislature, John W. Daniel. 

"This incident recalls a similar one that happened to Colonel 
Henry Bowen, Captain Boweu's grandfather, who was an officer 
in the War of 1812, a delegate, almost the first, from the new 
County of Tazewell, in the Legislature of Virginia, who happened 
to be present at the burning of the Richmond Theatre, and he 
being an athlete, like most members of his family, made his way 
to safety over the heads of the frantic and packed crowd in the 



500 THE BOWEN FAMILY 

lobby. (Here it may be well to say that Captain Bowen, a stal- 
wart and an athlete, though often dismounted in battle, was 
able to remount himself and rejoin his command, except in his 
last fight at Lacy's Spring, when surrounded by Sheridan's Cav- 
alry, and was wounded only once during his service, and that 
slightly at the Battle of Winchester.) 

"His auspicious marriage occurred during his term as dele- 
gate to the General Assembly, being celebrated December 4, 1871, 
uniting two prominent County families, and two hearts that beat 
in unison for nearly half a century. His bride was Louisa, a 
daughter of the late AVilliaui M. Gillespie, a sister of ex-Senator 
Joseph S. Gillespie, of the late Albert P. Gillespie, a distinguished 
member of the Constitutional Convention, and of the late David 
Gillespie. 

"And of this lovely young bride of the seventies, what can be 
said save what has been written by her beautiful life and into 
the lives of her circle. After a ministration of ]ove and tender- 
ness of forty-four years, after the husband of her youth had 
obe} 7 ed the last call, her own silver cord was loosened; side by 
side they sleep and their children rise up and call them blessed. 
United in life, in death, they are undivided. Her death occurred 
May 21, 1915. 

"A tribute like this, largely a labor of love, can hardly be 
ornate or consecutive, and may embrace incidents more or less 
disconnected in the life of the subject, but Captain Bowen's 
marriage preceded nearly a decade of busy usefulness as a farmer 
and grazier, with the constantly recurring duties of citizenship 
until, in 1883, he was elected to Congress from the Ninth District, 
largely by the people who approved his course in the Legislature 
on the readjustment of the State debt, and by friends who sup- 
ported him for personal reasons, as was the case subsequently 
when, in 1887, he was again elected as a member of the Fiftieth 
Congress as a Republican and served his constituents faithfully 
and ably. 

"In an era given over to sectional and political fury, he was 
calm, for the storm passed by him ; in an epoch of corruption, con- 
tention and political misfeasance, he was serene, for the storm 
passed "beneath" him. 

"In the years that followed, he found surcease from the tur- 
moil of politics in the management of a great estate, the education 
of his children and the even tenor of his duties as a citizen. The 
children whom the Lord had given him, and who are yet unmen- 
tioned, are, Margaret E., James Walker, William Rees, Henry A. 
and Joseph C. Bowen. One brother survives him, Rees T. Bowen, 
and one sister, Mrs. Louisa Bowen Kroll. 

"The recurrence of familv names with the distinctive fore- 

t/ 

name, "Rees," brought down from Wales, has been continuous- 



THE BOWEN FAMILY 501 

a brother, now the head of the family, and two nephews, Captain 
Kees Bowen, of the Norfolk and Western, and Rees T. Bowen, Jr.. 
bear it to-day. Henry, another name recurring in every family, 
is borne by a son, Henry A., and a nephew, Henry Smith Bowen, 
of Wittens Mills. 

"(Remembering that the great Bowen estate was an English 
grant, it is presumed that the original grantee had performed 
some signal service to the crown of which this Colonial grant 
was a recognition, and that the "strong-arm" Rees Bowen, who 
took up the grant, had earned the gratitude of the King against 
whom he fought at King's Mountain, in defense of the home he 
had granted him.) 

"And now, realizing that this tribute in memoriam should be 
in the nature of a consensus, we will here interpolate an apprecia- 
tion wired by the Governor of the State to Mrs. Bowen, and let it 
speak for Captain Bowen's fellow-citizens in Virginia : 

"The loss is not yours alone. The State has lost a son in 
whose life and character were exemplified in a high degree the 
qualities of honor, courage and patriotism, which for five genera- 
tions characterized and distinguished the name he bore. A gal- 
lant soldier, an upright citizen, honorable in all relations, he 
worthily typified the race of men whose sword drove out the 
Indian and the alien, and whose good right arm carved from the 
wilderness the paradise of the mountains. Please know that my 
sympathy goes out to you and yours in this dark hour of afflic- 
tion. "Henry C. Stuart." 

"And one who knew him as a boy, who admired him as a 
soldier, who has his unbroken friendship in mature manhood, 
and enfeebled age, would give tongue to the intimate qualities 
which made him so charming as a friend and neighbor to the 
modesty that renders true merit conspicuous to the tenderness 
that gloves the hand of strength, to the courage that robs life of 
the bitterness of its vicissitudes, and faces the last terror, no 
matter how slow and insidious its approach, with a smile. 

"Now there thou liest, Sir Launcelot, that wert never 
matched at mortal knight's hands 

"Thou wert the gentlest Knight that ever sate in hall among 
ladies 

"The tenderest Knight that ever marshalled in tilt or 
tourney, 

"And the sternest Knight to thy mortal foe that ever put 
spear in rest." 

The children of Captain Henry Bowen and Louisa M. Ciilles- 
pie are: Margaret Ellen Bowen, a graduate of Kirksville School 
of Osteopathy, who is a doctor of osteopathy, and unmarried ; 
James Walker, a graduate of Washington and Lee University, a 
farmer and grazier, and unmarried ; William Rees Bowen, a stu- 



502 THE BOWEX FAMILY 

dent of Hampden Sidney College. He also is a farmer and 
grazier, and married to Fannie J. Barns, of Tazewell County; 
Henry Albert Bowen, the fourth child, graduated at Richmond 
College, practices law at Tazewell, married his cousin, Mary 
Ellen Bowen; the fifth child, Lou Ollie Bowen, died young; the 
sixth child, Joseph Clinton Bowen, was a student of the Virginia 
Polytechnic Institute, is a farmer and grazier, and married 
Courtney Cox, of Farmville, Virginia. Of these, James Walker, 
William Rees, and Joseph Clinton live at Maiden Spring, on lands 
which are part of the old Boweu grant. 

The only surviving sister of Major T. P. Bowen, of Captain 
Henry Bowen, and of Rees Tate Bowen (3), is Louisa Bowen 
Kroll, wife of J. P. Kroll, a retired business man, living at 
Tazewell. 

Major Thomas Peery Bowen, a gallant soldier, who, like his 
younger brother, served continuously in the Eighth Virginia 
Cavalry, in the last days of the war around Petersburg, became 
first ranking officer of his own regiment until the fall of General 
Payne, and then was promoted by succession to the command of 
that brigade. 

But in the dying days of the Confederacy, there were no 
official records of promotion, and we give as above the last re- 
corded rank as major, by which title he was known and most 
generally and intimately indicated in the nearly half century of 
his useful and busv life, till his death in 1911. 

\s / 

In June, 1866, he was happily married to Miss Gussie Stuart, 
of Greenbrier, who was a daughter of Mr. W. R. Stuart, himself 
a descendant of the Revolution, and father also of Mrs. Edmund 
Sehon, of Point Pleasant, and of Judge J. H. Stuart, now of 
Roanoke. This estimable and cultured lady, living as these 
memoirs are published, at Tazewell, where Major Bowen died in 
1911, has surviving children as follows: Reese Tate Bowen (6), 
for years a trusted official of the Norfolk and Western Railway 
Company ; Mrs. Jennie O'Brien, the wife of W. G. O'Brien, editor 
of the Tazewell "Republican," and living with her mother at 
Tazewell; and Miss Ellen Stuart Bowen, who has devoted her 
life to teaching and to her mother ; and Stuart Bowen, who died 
at Roanoke, at the age of thirty-one. (Lucy, the first daughter, 
died in infancy.) 

Rees Tate Bowen, a fine soldier and citizen, who on the death 
of his elder brother became the head of the family, now living at 
his town house in Tazewell ; of him the best thing, perhaps, to be 
said is that he is a Bowen of the Bowens, possessing all the racial 
traits amiable in private life, intensely patriotic, strong in 
action, and wise in counsel. His life since the great civil war has 
been spent on his ancestral estate at Maiden Spring, to which 
home he brought as his bride and helpmate, in 1872, Mary Crock- 



THE BOWEX FAMILY 503 

ett, of Crockett's Cove, Wythe County. This lovely lady lias im- 
pressed her rare qualities of mind, heart and feature on eight 
living children, who console her for the loss of a lovely little 
daughter in infancy. Of these children, Sallie is the wife of 
Samuel J. Thompson, whose home is on the great Bowen estate 
at Maiden Spring; (2) Henry Smith Bowen, now a great landed 
proprietor, farmer and grazier, and happily married to May, a 
daughter of the late Honorable W. G. Mustard, and living at 
Wittens Mills, in Tazewell County; Thompson Crockett Bowen, 
a prominent lawyer at Tazewell, and married to J. Nannie, a 
daughter of J. Meek Hoge, of Burkes Garden, also living at Taze- 
well; Kees Tate Bowen (5), living at the home of his father, at 
Maiden Spring, and married to Mary, a daughter of George Ward, 
of Wards Cove; Dr. Samuel Cecil Boweii, formerly associated 
with his kinsman, Dr. George Ben Johnston, in the practice of 
medicine, and now a specialist in diseases of the eye, ear, nose 
and throat, and established in Richmond ; Jennie, who in 1905 
was married to the Honorable J. Powell Koyall, a lawyer and 
State Senator, whose splendid home is also at Tazewell; Miss 
Rachel Alverta, who is yet with her parents ; and Mary Ellen, the 
wife of Henry Albert Bowen, a lawyer and business man of 
Tazewell. 




DANIEL MALLOY PRINCE 

R. DANIEL MALLOY PRINCE, of Laurinburg, North 
Carolina, one of those excellent citizens who is to-day con- 
tributing his share toward the upbuilding of North Caro- 
lina, and the results of whose labors are seen in the pro- 
gressive conditions which exist in that State, was born at Ellers- 
lie, Marlborough County, South Carolina, July 14, 1848, son of 
Laurence Ben ton and Mary Rockdale (McEachin) Prince. Dr. 
Prince's father, Laurence Benton Prince, was a son of Laurence 
Prince, of Cheraw, South Carolina, who, in turn, was a son of 
Captain Charles Prince, of the British Navy. His grandfather, 
Laurence Prince, married Charlotte Benton, daughter of Colonel 
Lemuel Benton, and their children thus became related to the 
famous Thomas Hart Benton, United States Senator from Mis- 
souri from 1820 to 1850, and one of the great statesmen of the 
first half of the nineteenth century. 

After academic training Dr. Prince entered the Medical Col- 
lege of Charleston, South Carolina, from which he was graduated 
in due course, and his life since that time has been spent in the 
active practice of his profession as a physician and surgeon. He 
has been a man of a single purpose and his whole time and energy 
has been devoted to that. 

It is a fact of much significance that, in the history of our 
own country, no other pursuit or vocation has contributed a larger 
number of public spirited men than has the medical profession. 
They have been notable for their patriotism in every emergency. 
Their service in peace is a daily round of hard labor, having for 
its object the aleviation of pain and the conservation of human 
life. In war they easily bear away the honors. While the soldier 
on the firing line is inspired by action and excitement to deeds 
of reckless bravery, the surgeon, whose business it is to save life, 
travels over the battle fields, often under fire, searching for the 
wounded and rendering noble aid. His bravery is of the cool, 
calm kind which requires no other stimulus than the knowledge 
of the faithful performance of duty. The record shows that hun- 
dreds of these soldiers of peace have given up their lives on the 
battle field while trying to save life. Someone, recently writing 
of the great world war, states that the most profound impression 
made upon him in watching the stupendous conflict in Europe 
was that made by the surgeons who seem quite as careless of their 

[504] 




M . PRINCE 



TKE 

LI 






DANIEL MALLOY PRINCE 507 

own lives as the soldiers, and whose ministrations were given 
with impartiality to friends and foes alike. 

Dr. Prince has practiced his profession for many years, has 
gained an enviable standing among his colleagues and is now an 
honorary Fellow of the North Carolina and an honorary member 

t. t/ 

of the South Carolina Medical Societies. He was married Octo- 
ber 10, 1894, to Irene Burwell Marshall, of Monclova, Charlotte 
County, Virginia, daughter of William Morton and Virginia La 
Fayette Marshall. Mrs. Prince bears two historic Virginia names, 
Burwell and Marshall. The children of this marriage are, Daniel 
Malloy Prince, Jr., Laurence Benton Prince, Irene Burwell 
Prince, William Marshall Prince, Charles L'Empriere Prince, 
and Mary Eockdale Prince. 

c/ 

The history of this family, in so far as it touches America, 
begins with Captain Charles Prince, of the British Navy, who 
was born in London about 1735, and died in that city August 17, 
1797. Captain Charles Prince was a son of Captain Prince, of 
the East India Service. As the compiler of the Prince family 
history could find no other Captain Prince in that service except 
John Prince, captain of the "Latham," one of the ships of the 
East India Company, he was forced to the conclusion that Cap- 
tain John Prince was the father of Captain Charles Prince. 
Charles Prince, while serving as a lieutenant of His Majesty's 
ship, "The Mercury/' was married on November 17, 1763, by the 
Rev. Samuel Drake, in Charleston, South Carolina, to Ann L'Em- 
priere, of the parish of Christ Church, daughter and only child of 
Captain Clement L'Ernpriere. She was evidently of that Hu- 
guenot stock which has so enriched the blood of South Carolina. 
Her father was a sterling patriot, for on July 24, 1775, he was 
commissioned by the South Carolina Committee of Safety to the 
command of the sloop "Commerce," and ordered to cruise in 
search of gun-powder, and to seize the same for use in the Ameri- 
can army. In pursuance of these orders, Captain L'Empriere, on 
August 7, 1775, overhauled, off St. Augustine, the brigantine 
"Betsy," under Captain Alvere Lofthause, of London. The 
"Betsy" had on board one hundred and eleven barrels, one half 
barrel and thirty small kegs of gun-powder, which Captain L'Em- 
priere appropriated for the use of the American army. The 
"Betsy" arrived in Charleston, on August 23, and ninety-one 
barrels of powder were landed at the bluff on Cummings Creek. 

"The Gentleman's Magazine," in 1799, gives the date of Cap- 
tain Charles Prince's death as August 17, 1799. This date, how- 
ever, appears to have been an error. Alexander Leslie (4) , Lord 
Newark, had married a Miss Elizabeth Prince, daughter of an 
East India captain, and had issue, five sons and two daughters. 
He was evidently a brother-in-law- of Captain Charles Prince. In 
a letter addressed to Mr. Clement Prince, believed to have been 



508 DAXIEL M ALLOY PRINCE 

written by Honorable John Leslie, eldest son of Alexander Leslie, 
and evidently written in 1797, he conveys to Mr. Clement Prince 
the news of Captain Prince's death. The admiralty records con- 
firm this, for they show that Charles Prince, lieutenant of the 
seniority of 1759, was discharged to half pay on September 20, 
1796, and struck off the list the same year as dead. 

Captain Charles Prince is said to be buried in St. Paul's 
Churchyard, London, and his wife in the cemetery at Savannah. 
Captain Clement L'Ernpriere, father of Mrs. Charles Prince, was 
evidently one of the early patriots of South Carolina, his name 
appearing as one of the representatives from the Christ Church 
Parish in the Provincial Congress of South Carolina, held at 
Charleston, January 11, to 17, 1775. 

The children of Charles and Ann Prince were, Charles, Clem- 
ent, Joseph, Laurence, John, Ann, Elizabeth and Leslie, this last- 
named being a daughter. Of these children, Laurence, who seems 
to have been the fourth in order, was born May 28, 1783, and 
died on July 4, 1852. His home was at Cheraw, South Carolina. 
He married, on April 21, 1805, Charlotte Benton, born June 8, 
1783, and died August 25, 1870. Charlotte Benton was a daugh- 
ter of Colonel Lemuel Benton, of Darlington County, of whom 
more hereafter. The children of this marriage were: Elizabeth 
Ann Benton, born at Georgetown, South Carolina, April 21, 
1806, and died December 5, 1831; Lemuel Benton, born Novem- 
ber 8, 1807, and died December 25, 1807; John Laurence, born 
November 9, 1808, and died November 28, 1808 ; Charlotte Laura, 
born at Stony Hill, August 28, 1810, died at Baltimore, Maryland, 
August 2, 1881, and married John Auchincloss Inglis, at Cheraw, 
South Carolina, on November 8, 1 832 ; Leslie Margaret, born Jan- 
uary 18, 1813, and died October 30, 1819; Clarissa Hariow, born 
at Darlington Court House on September 25, 1814, died October 
15, 1899, and married Eev. Donald McQueen at Cheraw ; Charles 
Thomas, born July 8, 1816, and died September 25, 1816; Mary 
Jane, born at Darlington Court House on August 14, 1817, died 
July 21, 1893, and married, on February 16, 1837, Rev. George H. 
W. Petrie, at Cheraw; Laurence Beuton, born at Darlington 
Court House on June 29, 1819, died December 15, 1898, and mar- 
ried, November 10, 1842, Mary McEachiu; Charles L'Empriere, 
born at Springville, on August 7, 1821, and died June 9, 1837, and 
William Little Thomas, born at Springville, May 9, 1823, died 
October 25, 1893, and married, on December 4, 1845, Mary P. 
McGill, at Columbus, Georgia. 

Laurence Prince's first home after his marriage appears to 
have been Georgetown, South Carolina, for a letter written to 
him and his wife by his wife's mother, Betsy Benton, on April 
3, 1807, was addressed to that place. In 1814 he removed to 
Darlington Court House, and about 1828 to Cheraw, where 



DANIEL MALLOY PRINCE 509 

he resided until his death. He was a successful cotton planter, 
operating on a large scale, owning about three hundred negroes, 
and cultivating two plantations, one in South Carolina and one 
in Alabama. His estate, "London," in Marlborough County, 
South Carolina, is considered to this day one of the finest cotton 
plantations in the Pedee Valley. 

Colonel Lemuel Bentou, father-in-law of Laurence Prince, 
and one of the most notable figures of his day in South Carolina, 
was born in Granville County, North Caroline, in 1775, his people 
moving to the Pedee Valley about 1760. He settled near Major 
Kimbrough, ten miles below Long Bluff, and married Major Kim- 
brough's daughter, Elizabeth, who was an only child. The issue 
of this marriage were four sons and five daughters. The sons 
were, John, Lemuel, Buckley and Alfred. Buckley reared a fam- 
ily. Of the daughters, Clerissa married William Little Thomas, 
Charlotte married Laurence Prince, Grisilda (Gilly) married 
Isaiah Du Bose, Elizabeth married George Brice, and Penelope 
married first, William Brockington, and secondly, a Mr. Bishop. 

Colonel Benton first came into notice as major of the Cheraw 
regiment in 1777. In 1780 he appears to have been put in inde- 
pendent command of a body of men, and charged with the defense 
of the Pedee Valley against incursion of the Tories. The death 
of Colonel Kolb, on April 28, 1781, led to his promotion to 
the rank of lieutenant-colonel and to the command of the regi- 
ment. This position he held until 1794, more than ten years after 
the end of the war, when he resigned. In that last active year 
of the war in South Carolina, during Greene's great campaign, 
Colonel Benton's regiment was assigned to Marion's Brigade on 
September 17, 1781, and served under that distinguished officer 
until the close of the war. In 1783 he was a member of the Legis- 
lature of St. David's, and one of the vestrymen of the parish. In 
1784 he was again in the Legislature. In 1785 he was Justice of 
the County Court for Darlington district, and one of the wardens 
of St. David's Parish. In 1786 he was again in the Legislature 
and in the same year he was elected Escheator of Cheraw district. 
In 1788 he was a delegate to the Convention, which met at 
Charleston, May 12, and ratified the Federal Constitution. In 
1789 he was elected Sheriff for Cheraw district. In 1790 he was 
a member of the Convention that met in Columbia and framed the 
State Constitution. In 1791 he was again elected a Justice of 
the County Court for Darlington district. His long and active 
career of public service was completed with his election, in 1793, 
as a member of the Third Congress of the United States, which 
was followed by his re-election to the Fourth and Fifth Con- 
gresses, making a total service of six years as a representative of 
the Pedee district in the Congress. He was the first representa- 
tive of that district. 



510 DANIEL M ALLOY PRINCE 

A summing up of his character and qualities made many 
years ago, and based upon the knowledge of those who were asso- 
ciated with him, is here given : 

"Colonel Benton was a man of very marked character 
wise in counsel and efficient in action, possessing those peculiar 
qualities calculated to inspire confidence in all who were asso- 
ciated with him or under his command. His early opportunities 
of improvement were quite limited, but with talents of superior 
order, and an energy that flagged under no difficulties, he rose 
by the native force of his mind and character to a position of 
commanding influence. Ardent in feeling and strong and violent 
passions, he was a bitter enemy and as steadfast a friend. He had 
the peculiar faculty, which few possess, of gaining the confidence 
of the masses, and leading them at will. As a stump speaker he 
had no superior in his day. On more than one occasion he con- 
ducted his ow r n defense in court with signal success. 

"He was about six feet in height, stout, but w T e!l-fornied, and 
of handsome and commanding person. He died about the year 
1819 at his place, 'Stoneyhill,' in Darlington district, S. C." 

Dr. Prince has in his possession a portrait of Colonel Lemuel 
Benton, which has upon it this indorsement : "The likeness of Col- 
onel Lemuel Benton, taken in the year 1798, in the forty-third 
year of his age, and presented to his daughter, Mrs. Charlotte 
Prince, the 10th day of August, 1806. Betsy Benton. Writ with 
a feeble hand." 

Colonel Benton died in 1819 after a life of great usefulness 
and distinction. He was a member of that family to which Jesse 
Benton, a Georgia planter and one of the pioneers of that State, 
belonged. Jesse Benton was the father of a second Jesse Benton 
and of Lemuel Benton, who was the father of Thomas Hart 
Benton, already referred to, and who was one of the greatest 
figures in the public life of our country in the nineteenth century. 
His record is so familiar to every school boy that it is not neces- 

*/ / 

sary to enlarge upon it here. 

Dr. Prince is of English, French and Scotch blood. The 
French blood came in through the wife of Captain Charles Prince, 
the English blood through the Bentons and Princes, and the 
Scotch-Irish blood through his mother. The latter was of that 
stock which has taken such a great part in the history of North 
Carolina, and, to a lesser degree, in the history of South 
Carolina. 

It is of interest to note that the Princes and Bentons are 
English, the Malloys Irish and the McEachins Scotch. The Coat 
of Arms of the Prince family dates from 1584, showing that the 
family in England was of standing as far back as the early years 
of Queen Elizabeth. The Benton family was more numerous, and 
had grants of coat armor at an earlier date. The Malloy family 



DANIEL MALLOY PRINCE 511 

was originally Molloy, and that form of the name is still com- 
mon though possibly the larger number now uses the more mod- 
ern form. 

This was one of the great families of Ireland with an authen- 
tic history running back nearly nine hundred years, and a legen- 
dary history running back another seven centuries, claiming de- 
scent from Milesius, King of Spain, in the second century of the 
Christian era. 

The McEachins were a sept of the great MacDonald clan, 
that branch of it known as the MacDonalds of Clan Ranald, the 
history of which is of great interest. 



CHARLES HYDE DAVIDSON 

DR. CHARLES HYDE DAVIDSON, of Lexington, was 
born in Rockbridge County, Virginia, in 1872, son of 
Charles Hyde and Mary (McClintic) Davidson. His 
father was a farmer of Scotch ancestry, and his mother 
was of a Scotch-Irish family which came from County Tyrone, 
Ireland, settling first in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and 
locating later in Bath County, Virginia. 

Dr. Davidson's branch of the Davidson family settled in 
what was then Augusta County, now Rockbridge, about 1740. His 
education w r as begun in the public schools of the county, followed 
by two years at Washington and Lee University, after which he 
entered the Medical Department of the University of Virginia, 
from which he graduated, receiving his medical diploma in 1894. 
He was an interne of the New York Poly clinic Hospital for 
eighteen months, took up post-graduate work in the New Y r ork 
Post-Graduate Medical School, and pursued his medical studies 
for a year in London, Berlin and Vienna. Thoroughly equip- 
ped for his profession, Dr. Davidson has had a successful career 
and built up an extensive practice. He is, at the present 
time. Health Officer of his County, a member of the Medical So- 

*/ . 

ciety of Virginia, of the Southern Medical Association and of the 
American Medical Association. Capable in business, he is serving 
the Peoples National Bank of Lexington as a Director. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. Politically, he votes with 
the Democratic party. 

He was married in Augusta County, Virginia, in 1905, to 
Addie McChesney Brown, born in Rockbridge County in 1872, a 
descendant of the "Mary Moore' 7 who was captured by the Indians 
at Abb's Valley, Virginia, in 1786. Mrs. Davidson's maiden name 
also betrays a strain of Scotch-Irish blood. Her parents were 
Adam McChesney and Bettie Sterrett Brown. The children of 
Dr. Davidson's marriage are, Betsy Brown Davidson and Charles 
Hyde Davidson < 3 ). 

The history of the Davidson family in Virginia is very con- 
fused, and it is a practical impossibility to work out anything 
like a definite history of the various branches of the family. The 
form Davidson is Scotch, and comes from an important Highland 
Scotch family, which was one of the Clans making up the great 
Clan Chattan Confederacy. This great Clan Chattan was one 
Clan made of a number of Clans, each having its own chief, and 

[512] 



-T 

l?r 

f- 

T1L 



CHARLES HYDE DAVIDSON 515 

being often at feud with each other. There have been numerous 
disputes as to who was the head or Chief of the Clan. This 
much; however, is certain, that before the downfall of the Lords 
of the Isles the Clan Chattan Confederacy followed their banners. 
The founder of this great Clan, as to one branch, is said to have 
been Muriach of Kingussie in the eleventh or twelfth century. 
The founder of another main branch of the Clan were the 
MacDuffs, Earls of Fife. The traditionary descent of the Dav- 
idson Clan, or Clan Dhai, as it was known in the Highlands, 
is from David Du, fourth son of Muriach, of Kingussie. The 
Davidson Clan grew and prospered, and the Chief of the Clan 
became hereditary keeper of the Koyal Castle of Dingwall. It 
is commonty believed that, in the celebrated battle fought by 
thirty champions on each side at the North Inch of Perth, in 
1396, the Davidsons were on one side and the Macphersons on the 
other. This battle was most vividly described by Sir Walter 
Scott. As a result of this conflict, which sprang out of the desire 
for leadership, neither one of the opposing clans secured it, but 
the Mackintoshes stepped in and took supremacy. 

The first of this name in Virginia was an Englishman, Chris- 
topher Davison, who was Secretary of the Colony in 1624, and 
was a sou of Sir William Davison, Queen Elizabeth's Secretary. 
The famity was decidedly English. The first Davidson, whose 
name appears upon the records, is Richard, who married Cather- 
ine Downe, in Middlesex County, in 1690, and beyond the fact 
that they had one child, nothing further is known of them. Ap- 
parently, several families came in between 1700 and 1760 for it 
was during that period, especially between 1740 and 1750, that 
there was such an immense emigration of the Highland Clans to 
the American Colonies. Some of these Davidson families settled in 
Pennsylvania and later drifted to Virginia, and one line to North 
Carolina, where John Davidson became a member of the famous 
Mecklenburg Convention of 1776 ; and General William Davidson, 
a gallant Revolutionary officer, fell upon the battle-field. Many 
descendants of these two patriots are now to be found throughout 
the South. In the Revolutionary War, the Virginia Davidsons 
made a superb record there being on the roster the names of 
twenty Davidsons who served as soldiers during the struggle. Of 
these, two, John and Samuel, were from Rockbridge County, and 
doubtless belonged to the same line as Dr. Charles H. Davidson. 
Of these, Samuel was second lieutenant in a Rockbridge com- 
pany, and was serving at Point Pleasant in a regiment com- 
manded by Colonel John Dickinson, in 1777. John Davidson 
appears to have been a private. 

Dr. Davidson comes from the Scottish Clan Davidson. His 
first American ancestor was Samuel Davidson, who married Anne 
Dunlap and, with his wife, came from the old country to Virginia, 



516 CHARLES HYDE DAVIDSON 

settling in what was then Augusta County (now Rockbridge) 
about 1740. The record is known of several of his children. The 
first, Samuel, previously referred to, was a Revolutionary officer, 
and was with Colonel John Dickinson at Point Pleasant in 1777. 
Samuel married Elizabeth Gilmore, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Gilmore. Thomas Gilmore was killed by the Indians, 
in 1763, on Kerr's Creek, and at the same time his wife was cap- 
tured by the Indians. Robert Davidson, second son of Samuel 
and Elizabeth, was born in 1784. He married Lucinda Hyde, and 
was the grandfather of the subject of this sketch. Dr. Davidson's 
father, Charles Hyde Davidson, born in 1823, being the son of 
Robert and Lucinda (Hyde) Davidson. John Davidson, brother 
of Samuel, was the maternal grandfather of John Letcher, Vir- 
ginia's Civil War Governor. Margaret Davidson, sister of Sam- 
uel and John, was the maternal grandmother of General Sam 
Houston, the great Texas liberator and statesman. He was Gov- 
ernor of Tennessee, later United States Senator from Texas, and 
then Governor of Texas. 

The Davidson families have given five Congressmen to the 
United States. One of these was from the northern line and rep- 
resented Wisconsin. The other four were from the Virginia and 
North Carolina lines, and represented Alabama, Kentucky, North 
Carolina and Florida. It is to their credit that they have had 
more men ready to fight for the country than they have had ready 
to serve in political positions. The late Dr. John P. Davidson, 
Professor of Opthalmology in the Medical College of Virginia 
from 1898 until his death in 1010, was a brother of our subject. 
Now in the very prime of his life, Dr. Davidson has, by hard 
work and native talent, gained for himself an enviable position, 
and is serving his community both with skill and fidelity in one 
of the most useful professions. He is a man of high personal 
character and enjoys the regard of the people among whom his 
life has been spent. 

The Coat of Arms of the Clan Davidson, from which Dr. 
Davidson is descended, is described as follows : 

"Azure, on a fesse argent, between three pheons or, a buck 
couchant gules. 

"Crest : A falcon's head couped proper. 

"Motto: 'Sapienter si Sincere' (Wisely if sincerely)." 




MIGHT C. MOORE 

HE Reverend Hight C. Moore, editor of the "Biblical Re- 
corder," has gained the reputation of being one of the 
strongest literary figures in the present-day life of North 
Carolina, and to his credit, be it said, has used his talents 
with a single eye to the moral betterment of his generation. 

Mr. Moore was born at Globe, Caldwell County, North Caro- 
lina, on January 28, 1871. His father was Petterson Moore, and 
his mother w r as Nancy Ann Moore, daughter of Jesse Moore. This 
Moore family is distinct from the one settled in eastern North 
Carolina, of which the old Colonial Governor was the founder, 
and was founded by Jesse Moore, who moved from Fluvanna, 
Virginia, just prior to the Revolutionary War and settled in 
Globe Valley, North Carolina, under the shadow of Blowing Rock 
and Grandfather Mountain. The Moores of eastern North Caro- 
lina are of Irish descent. The Moores of Piedmont, Virginia, 
were mostly of English stock, though perhaps not entirely free 
from a trace of Irish blood. 

Jesse Moore, Sr., the North Carolina pioneer, was born in 
1743. He settled in the Globe Valley in 1767, and died there in 
March, 1827, at the age of eighty-four. He left a son, Jesse, Jr., 
who was born just before he left Virginia in 1767, and died in 
Globe, June 25, 1854, at the age of eighty-six years, eleven months 
and six days. His son Daniel, born July 14, 1797, and died April 
16, 1873, was the paternal grandfather of Hight C. Moore; and 
his son Job, born December 4, 1799, and died January 22, 1885, 
was the paternal grandfather of Hight C. Moore's mother. Her 
father, Jesse Moore, son of Job above mentioned, was born Sep- 
tember 3, 1827, and died in July, 1906. Elizabeth Moore, wife of 
Jesse Moore, Jr., died January 13, 1859, having reached the great 
age of ninety-two years, three mouths and twenty-three days. Mr. 
Moore's paternal grandmother was Betsey E. Hight, and his 
mother's paternal grandmother was Nancy Stone Hight. These 
two were sisters, daughters of Read Hight, a Virginia planter, 
and school teacher, who settled in Caldwell County, married 
Molly Webb, and died about 1836. 

An old record which Mr. Moore found on the flv-leaf of a 

e> 

Sheridan's dictionary, published in Philadelphia in 1796, ran as 
follows : 

"John Hight, son of Thomas Hight, born January 17, 1726; 
Betsey Hight, daughter of John Hight, born June 15, 1755; 

[517] 



518 HIGHT C. MOORE 

Thomas, born September 21, 1757 ; William, born March 11, 1760 ; 
Sarah, born May 20, 1762 ; John, born December 20, 1764 ; Read, 
born November 2, 1767 ; Polly, born May 28, 1770 ; Jennie, born 
November 1, 1772 ; and Naomi, born April 24, 1775." 

There is a division of opinion as to the Eights. The name 
was found in Pennsylvania and Virginia under two spellings, 
Hight and Hite. The latter family was much more numerous 
and came into the Valley of Virginia from Pennsylvania and 
greatly multiplied. They were clearly German. The other fam- 
ily, it is claimed, was of English origin, was much less numerous, 
and was found east of the Blue Ridge. The weight of evidence 
is against this claim of English origin. It does not appear as an 
English name in any of the standard authors dealing with Eng- 
lish names, and the probabilities are that they were of the same 
stock as the majority using the other spelling, who had strayed 
away from the main line of travel followed by the German immi- 
grants to Virginia, and who had adopted the variation in spelling 
the name in one of those curious and not understandable ways, in 
which such things come about. 

Among the lists of early immigrants to Virginia appear the 
names of John Moore, aged nineteen, who came over in 1634 in 
the ship "Bonaventure ;" another John, aged thirty-six, who came 
over in the "Bona Nova" in 1620, and Elizabeth, who came over 
in the "Abigail" in 1622. These may or may not have left fami- 
lies. There is no further record, but in the list of early immi- 
grants to Virginia, between 1640 and 1700, appear several Moores, 
some of whom did become the founders of families. These were 
all supposedly of English stock. The most conspicuous of the 
descendants of these early Virginia Moores were General Bernard 
Moore, who married Catherine Spottswood; and the Episcopal 
Bishop Moore. 

In that section of Piedmont, Virginia, consisting of Flu- 
vanua, Albeniarle, Nelson, Amherst and Campbell Counties, the 
Moores were well represented, and one of the old Episcopal par- 
ishes in Campbell County was known as Moore's Parish. It is 
from the Moores who settled in that section that the family of 
Hight C. Moore is descended. 

Mr. Moore attended the common schools of his neighbor- 
hood, the Globe Academy, and then entered Wake Forest College, 
from which he was graduated a Bachelor of Arts in 1890. Among 
his classmates were the distinguished Rev. Dr. John E. White, 
now of Anderson, South Carolina, and the Honorable T. W. Bic- 
kett, present Attorney General of North Carolina. Later, in the 
fall of 1893, Mr. Moore took a special course of study in the 
Rochester, New York, Theological Seminary, since which time he 
has followed the vocation of a Baptist preacher. 

From 1890 to 1893 Mr. Moore was pastor of the church at 



HIGIIT C. MOORE 519 

Moreliead City, North Carolina. In 1893 and 1894 lie served at 
Brown Memorial Church in Winston-Salem. From 1894 to 1898 
he was in charge of the First Church of Monroe, and from 1898 
to 1903, the First Church of New Bern. In 1903 and 1904 he was 
pastor of Chapel Hill. From 1904 to 1907 he was Sunday-school 
Secretary to the Baptist State Convention, to which were added, 
in 1906 and 1907, the duties of Statistical Secretary. During 
these years from 1895 to 1907 Mr. Moore was assistant Recording- 
Secretary of the Baptist State Convention. For a part of 1907 
up to the early part of 1908 he was Field Secretary of the Sun- 
day-school Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, which has 
its headquarters in Nashville, Tennessee. On February 1, 1908, 
he became editor of the "Biblical Recorder," at Raleigh, which 
post he still retains. He is a Director in the Southern Baptist 
Assembly, Ridge Crest, North Carolina, Trustee of Shaw Uni- 
versity at Raleigh, and of the Southern Baptist Theological Sem- 
inary at Louisville, member of the North Carolina Literary and 
Historical Association, the North Carolina Press Association, of 
the North Carolina Folk Lore Society, and of the North Carolina 

ts f 

Social Service Association. 

In 1914 Mr. Moore was elected Secretary of the Southern 
Baptist Convention, succeeding Rev. Lansing Burrows, D.D., who, 
after thirty-five years of distinguished service in that capacity, 
was elected President of the Convention. 

Notwithstanding the very busy life which Mr. Moore has led, 
he has found time to do considerable work as an author. In 1892 
he brought out a volume of "Seaside Sermons ;" in 1894, "Select 
Poetry of North Carolina;" in 1902, "The Books on the Bible;" 
in 1905, "The Country Sunday-school;" in 1911 and 1912, "North 
Carolina Baptist Hand Book;" and in 1912 he also brought out 
"The Man of Mark in the Church To-morrow." In addition to 
these prominent works he is the author of many monographs and 
pamphlets. Whatever other work Mr. Moore has done, or may 
do, he never has and never will surpass the work which he has 
done and is doing on the Biblical Recorder. He understands 
thoroughly the art of telling his story in the simplest fashion, 
and of reaching people's hearts in a way that brings results. It 
is questionable if the great literary characters of the world, who 
do what is considered classical work and appeal to men's intel- 
lects, ever accomplished a tithe of that which is done by the men 
who are trying to do good work, not so much with an eye to lit- 
erary effect as to putting into the minds and hearts of the readers 
something that will be reflected in more useful lives. It would 
perhaps not be amiss to say that the man who writes for people's 
hearts will, in the end, do more good than the one who writes for 
their heads. This is not meant to reflect on the literary quality 
of Mr. Moore's work, because his reputation in that respect is 
established, but it is meant to convey the idea which is apparent in 



520 MIGHT C. MOORE 

his work, that he is striving more to make character in the people 
who read after him, than he is to cultivate their intellects. 

In his reading Mr. Moore has devoted special study to the 
poets and poetry of North Carolina, and he has now in contem- 
plation new books, some of them already in manuscript, "The 
Story of the Son of Man," "The Story of the Early Churches," 
''Mother Nook Stories" and "Sunday-school Fundamentals." 

Mr. Moore was married in Goldsboro, North Carolina, in the 
First Baptist Church, on May 2, 1893, to Laura Miller Peterson, 
born in Goldsboro, November 9, 1872, daughter of Joseph Eppy 
and Mary Catherine (Parker) Peterson. Mrs. Moore's father was 
for many years Mayor of Goldsboro. The son of this marriage, 
Joseph Peterson Moore, was born at Winston-Salem, May 3, 1894, 
educated in the public schools of Raleigh, Mrs. Hill College, Wake 
Forest College and King's Business College. He is now engaged 
in business in Raleigh. 

At its last commencement in May, 1915, Wake Forest College 
conferred upon Mr. Moore the degree of Doctor of Divinity, a title 
with w r hich the public has not had time to become familiar, but 
which is eminently deserved. 

Referring back to the Hight family. In one of Miss Du 
Beliefs volumes on prominent Virginia families, the Hite family 
is treated. The story is too long to be recounted here, and can 
only be briefly noticed. In 1710 Hans Josh Heydt, or Yost Hite, 
as his name is spelled in English documents dated at that time, 
came from Strasburg, Alsace, then in France, now in Germany, 
with his wife Anna Maria, nee du Bois, and their little daughter 
Mary. He remained in Kingston, New York, until 1715, when he 
moved to Germantown, Pennsylvania. In 1717 he lived on Schuyl- 
kill River. In 1720 he built a mill at the mouth of Perkiomen 
Creek. In 1728, disgusted with the negligence of the government 
in protecting its people, he explored southward, and in 1730 sold 
out in Pennsylvania and with his family and followers emigrated 
to the South. He bought out John Van Meter, who had obtained 
a grant for forty thousand acres of land in the Shenandoah 
Valley, and in the spring of 1732 made the first white settlement 
in that beautiful but then unexplored country. He died in Fred- 
erick County, Virginia, in 17GO. He was an honest, taciturn man 
who had command of large means, was a born leader and is said 
by birth to have been a German baron. He had eight children: 
Mary, Elizabeth, Magdalene, John, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham and 
Joseph. 

Yost Hite's descendants are now as the sands of the sea in 
number and scattered widely over the country. In the second 
generation they intermarried with the Madisons (President Madi- 
son's family), and their blood flows in the veins of an immense 
number of our prominent families all over the country. It is 
claimed that all the Hights in Virginia, whatever the spelling of 
the name might be, were descended from Yost Hiirht. 



THF 










J>' 





ABSALOM WALLER 

BSALOM WALLER, of Spottsylvania County, Virginia, 
lawyer and prominent citizen, was born at Wildwood, 
Spottsylvania County, on April 15, 1860, son of Dr. Nelson 
Samuel and Mary Hampton (de Jarnette) Waller. The 
known history of this family runs back to the year 1183, and 
includes such distinguished men in English history as Sir Rich- 
ard Waller, who captured Charles, Duke of Orleans, in the battle 
of Agincourt and was rewarded by Henry V. Sir William Waller, 
and Edmund Waller, famous poet of the period of the Civil W T ar 
between Charles I and Cromwell, and of whom Addison has 
written so splendid an encomium. 

The English history of the Waller family is given in greater 
detail in the sketch of Mr. Waller's elder brother, Judge Robert 
Emmett Waller, which appears in this volume. The history of 
the American branch dates from John Waller, who came from 
Newport Pagnall, County Buckingham, England, in 1635, then 
a youth of nineteen. He married Mary Key, and became the pro- 
genitor of the Waller families on the north side of the James 
River in Virginia, and possibly of some of those on the south 
side. 

John Waller settled in what is now Spottsylvania County. 
The old records tell of Colonel John Waller, who, in 1702, was 
Sheriff of King and Queen County, Justice of King William 
County in 1705, and a member of the House of Burgesses in 1719. 
The act creating Spottsylvania County was passed in 1720, and in 
1722 Colonel John Waller became the first Clerk of the County. 
He was succeeded in that office by his son, Edmund, who was 
the second Clerk, and who was succeeded by his younger brother, 
John, who was the third Clerk. The youngest child of Colonel 
John Waller was Benjamin Waller, who settled in Williams- 
burg, and became a celebrated Judge. Edmund Waller's sou 
Benjamin, father of Rev. Absalom Waller, and grandfather 
of Absalom Waller, named his place "Newport," after his home 
in England. 

The Wallers prospered and multiplied, and speedily became 
one of the most influential families of their section of the State. 
Bishop Meade, in his work, "Old Churches and Families of Vir- 
ginia," speaks of the Wallers as among the leading families of 
the State, and mentions certain of them by name as prominent 
in many ways. In Stafford County they were among the leading 

[523] 



524 ABSALOM WALLER 

members of the County Court. Judge Benjamiu Waller appears 
as a vestryman of old Bruton Parish in Williamsburg. The old 
records show marriages between the Wallers, the Carters, the 
Pendletons, the Tazewells, the Pages, and numerous other historic 
families of the State. 

There is also mentioned, as of the early days, John Waller, 
of St. George's, Spottsylvania, about 1725; a little later, John 
Waller, Jr., of the same Parish ; and yet later, William Waller, 
in the same Parish. Bishop Meade pays an especially high tribute 
to William Waller, of Lexington, Parish, Arnherst County, for his 
sincere piety and long years of devotion to the interests of human- 
ity and to the up-building of the church. 

In the Revolutionary War, the Wallers contributed their 
full share. Allen was an ensign, Benjamin and George were cap- 
tains, Edmund was a major, Daniel, James, John, Major, Thomas 
and William appear to have been privates. The old records do 
not even state what Counties these men came from; but in the 
case of Thomas an exception is made, and he is credited to 
Spottsylvania. 

Church of England men in the earlier period of the State 
(or Colony, as it then was), in later days the Wallers became 
especially prominent in the Baptist Church; and the Rev. John 
and Absalom Waller were among the most eminent Baptist min- 
isters. In 1769 John Waller built in Spottsylvania the church 
which, since that time, has been known as Waller's Baptist 
Church. 

It will be seen from this brief record that the Wallers of 
Virginia have been conspicuously good citizens for nearly three 
hundred years, just as the Wallers of England had been conspicu- 
ously good citizens in that country for nearly five hundred years, 
before the first one of the Virginia family left the old country. 
Both in the Old World and in the New, a distinguishing trait of 
the family appears to have been loyalty and devotion to their 
country. 

Absalom Waller received his first educational training in 
private schools, followed by four years at a preparatory school at 
Keswick, Albeniarle County, Virginia ; from which he went to the 
University of Virginia, and was graduated from that great school 
in 1881. For a few years after his graduation, he taught school 
in his native County and at Gordonsville ; and then entered the 
Columbia University in the City of Washington, now known as the 
George Washington University, and was graduated from its Law 
Department in 1887. Admitted to the Bar in 1888, he has since 
been active in the practice of law in the City of Washington, and 
in Spottsylvania county. 

Mr. Waller possesses the courage of his convictions, which 
has been a notable trait in his family since the days of the Civil 



ABSALOM WALLER 525 

War iii England, for at that time three members of his ancestral 
line espoused the Parliamentary cause, and two of them became 
distinguished generals on that side. It is not surprising there- 
fore, to find him going counter to the general political trend in 
his State. Up to 1896, he had voted with the majority in Vir- 
ginia as a Democrat. When the free silver question came to the 
fore, with Bryan as its exponent, he could not reconcile that to his 
views of public policy, and aligned himself with the Republican 
party, with which he has since affiliated, and has been twice 
nominated by that party 7 as a candidate for the State Senate 
from the Thirteenth Senatorial District, in 1901 and 1905. He 
holds his church membership in the Waller Baptist Church, named 
for its founder, John Waller, one of his ancestors. 

Mr. Waller is a lover of high class reading. The Bible and 
Shakespeare take first place with him. Next to these he rates 
Addison and classical English literature. 

He has been twice married. His first wife was Anne Caze- 
nove clu Pont, of Wilmington, Delaware, niece of Admiral du 
Pont, to whom he was married on December 22, 1886. Of this 
marriage there was no issue; and subsequent to the death of his 
first wife, he was married on Februarv 17, 1902, to Sarah Louise 

7 / / / 

Jones, of Rome, Georgia, who was born in Greensboro, Georgia, 
on March 27, 1882, daughter of Edwin du Bose Jones and Minnie 
(Knowles) Jones. Mrs. Waller's mother was a daughter of Rev. 
Joshua and Sarah Elizabeth (Roberts) Knowles. The Rev Joshua 
Knowles was for twenty-five years rector of the Episcopal Church 
in Greensboro, Georgia, in the churchyard of which he is buried. 
His memory is yet cherished as one of the most useful and devoted 
of the early clergy of Georgia. Mr. and Mrs. Waller have two chil- 
dren : Absalom Nelson Waller, born October 27, 1902, and Louise 
du Bose Waller, born May 9, 1914. Mrs. Waller, through her 
father, is related to some of the most distinguished of South Caro- 
lina and Georgia families. He was a great-great-grandson of Cap- 
tain Elias Du Bose, of South Carolina, one of the distinguished 
soldiers of the Revolution, and a great-grandson of Dr. Ezekiel 
Du Bose, of South Carolina, also a prominent figure in his gen- 
eration. The famous Robert Tooinbs, of Georgia, member of 
President Jefferson Davis' Cabinet, Confederate general, eminent 
lawyer, able financier and father of the present Constitution of 
Georgia, was a cousin. Through this side of her family, Mrs. 
Waller is related to the Hill, Du Bose and Anthony families, of 
Washington, Georgia, all of which have been conspicuous in that 
State for several generations. 

The Waller family has the right to a just pride in its ances- 
tral history, but it has an even greater right to be proud of the 
fact that the traditions of the family appear to have acted as an 
incentive to its later generations. It is conspicuous for those 



526 ABSALOM WALLER 

qualities which go to make up good citizenship and untiring de- 
votion to duty, just as its ancestors were conspicuous for their 
valor on the battle-field and their wisdom in the Council Chamber. 

The Coat of Arms of this branch of the Waller family, which 
was brought to Virginia by John Waller, the immigrant, dates 
back to the fourteenth century. An augmentation was granted 
it after the battle of Agincourt, in 1415, by King Henry V, to Sir 
Richard Waller of that day, for his valiant service in that battle. 
It is described as follows : 

"Sable, three walnut leaves or, between two bendlets argent. 

"Crest: On a mount vert a walnut tree, proper; on the sin- 
ister side an escutcheon pendent charged with the arms of France, 
with a label of three points argent. 

"Motto : Hie fructus virtutis." 





7, 




I 




ROBERT EMMETT WALLER 

ONE can write up the history of Spottsylvania County, 
Virginia, by making a biography of the Waller faniily- 
for the family had a foothold in that County when it was 
organized in 1720, furnished the first, second and third 
Clerks of the County, covering several generations, and as the 
County records show, appears in evidence more largely than any 
other family of that section. 

It is a very ancient family name, apparently of Saxon origin, 
the Saxon form having been "Wealhere," which meant "a strange 
warrior." The family settled in Sweden, Holland and Flan- 

tj 

ders under its present name of Waller. Apparently, some of these 
northern Wallers were a part of that invading host of Northmen 
who invaded France and gave their name to Normandy, for 
we come upon the name of Alured de Waller, of Newark, County 
Nottingham, England, who died in 1183, and the form of whose 
name shows Norman origin. Between this Alured and his next 
descendant of whom we have authentic information is a gap of 
more than one hundred and fifty years. In the fourteenth cen- 
tury, probably about 1340, appears Thomas Waller, of Lamber- 
hurst, County Sussex, England, who purchased the estate of 
Groombridge, County Kent, was the father of John, who was the 
father of Richard, known in history as Sir Richard Waller, and 
the founder of the distinguished Waller families of the Counties 
of Kent, Hertford and Buckingham, England. This Thomas, of 
Sussex, was a lineal descendant of Alured, of Nottingham. 

Sir Richard Waller appears upon the pages of history as a 
prominent figure in the battle of Agincourt. He was then a young 
man of twenty. It was his good fortune to capture Charles, Duke 
of Orleans, and as was customary in those days, this made his 
fortune. He served several years in France during the wars of 
that period, was Sheriff of Kent in 1437 and 1438, held many 
honorable public positions, was a very intimate friend of the 
famous Cardinal Beaufort and one of the executors of his will. 
He lived to old age, surviving the dreadful slaughter of the Wars 
of the Roses. 

The descendants of Sir Richard went into other English 
Counties until, in the time of the Civil War in England, there 
were strong families in Kent, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire 
and Devonshire possibly in other Counties. The period of the 
Civil War, between Charles I and the Parliament, brought to the 

[529] 



."330 ROBERT EMMETT WALLER 

front three distinguished members of this family. Sir Hardress 
Waller and Sir William Waller, who were major-generals in the 
Parliamentary armies, and Edmund Waller, the famous poet and 
political leader of that period. All of these were notable men of 
their day, and Sir William Waller was counted the ablest of the 
Parliamentary Generals after Cromwell. 

, 

A few years preceding the outbreak of this Civil War there 
had come to Virginia, on the ship "'Transport," which sailed from 
London July 4, 1635, John Waller, whose age was then given as 
nineteen, and who was a member of the Waller family settled at 
Newport Pagnall, County Buckingham, which was the same 
Waller family to which these distinguished Parliamentarians 
belonged. This John Waller was the progenitor of the Virginia 
Waller families with which we are now dealing. He is said to 
haye been a wild, reckless youth, about whom his friends were 
very uneasy ; but he married a Miss Mary Kev and settled down 

/ * v m 

into a good citizen. On the same ship with John Waller came 
Peter Waller, aged twenty-four but of him we have no further 
knowledge beyond a surmise that he was one of the progenitors of 
certain Waller families in Southside Virginia. Earlier than these 
two, Charles Waller had come to Virginia on the ship "Abigail/' 
in 1620, at the age of twenty-two, and was living in James City 
in 162::. 

The Waller family has been iden lined with Virginia since 
1620. Its line of descent is much better known than that of most 
families and is traceable through a period of more than seven 
hundred years. John Waller brought with him to Virginia the 
Coat of Arms containing the augmentation granted to his ances- 
tor by Henry V on the field of Agincourt, as a reward for his 
gallantry on that field. 

Of this ancient family comes Judge Robert Emniett Waller, 
of Partlow, Spottsylvania County, Virginia. He was born at 
Hillsborough. in that County, December 10, 1846, sou of Dr. Nel- 
son Samuel and Mary Hampton I'de Jarnette) Waller. Consider- 
ing the disturbed period of his youth (for his best years for obtain- 
ing an education came during the terrible years of the Civil War) 
he succeeded in getting a fairly liberal education by receiving 
instruction from John C. Pettus. an A.M. of the University of 

t. 

Virginia; and in 1864 and 1865 he was a cadet of the Virginia 
Military Institute at Lexington. When the cadets were called 
into action, during the Federal advance under Hunter in the 
Valley of Virginia, he shared in that campaign, and participated 
in the battle of New Market where the Cadet Corps won immortal 
fame. 

After the war. Judge Waller read law under Judge T. N. 
Welch, of Caroline County, and was admitted to the Bar. He 
served in official positions as Deputy Treasurer of Spottsylvania 



ROBERT EMMETT WALLER 531 

County and as Commonwealth's Attorney. After some years of 
successful practice of his profession, he was elected Judge of 
Spottsylvania County, on March 1. 1880, and served unbrokenly 
until 1904. It is hardly necessary to expatiate on the character 
or the standing of a man who, during a quarter of a century, has 
held the unbroken confidence of his community, and has served 
in its most important official positions. But as an evidence of 
the esteem in which he was held, and the faithful service which 
he had rendered, at the time of his retirement, he was presented 
with a loving cup. upon which appears the following inscription : 

"Judge K. E. Waller 1890-1904 

"Extinctus amabitur idem." 

A testimonial of his worth and character as Judge 
and citizen, by his friends." 

In politics. Judge Waller classes himself a Democrat. He 
has for many years been an active member of the Baptist 
Church, serving as Superintendent of the Sunday-school ; and his 
family has long been prominent in Baptist circles in Virginia 
two members of it, the Kevs. John and Absalom Waller, having 
been prominent ministers, and the name being borne by a church 
in Spottsylvania County. 

Judge Waller has a rather unusual taste in reading for our 
modern day, for outside of his law studies he has found his 
greatest pleasure and help in such works as Don Quixote, Tris- 
tram Shandy, Goldsmith's works and Addison's "Spectator."' As 
might be expected from one whose taste runs in such channels, 
he is a master of good English. He is very strongly impressed 
with the futility of war, and believes that international differ- 
ences should be settled by arbitration, just as we settle our indi- 
vidual differences through the arbitraments of the courts. In 
view of the tremendous calamity which has overtaken the world 
and thrown everything into chaos, at this time, it cannot be 
doubted that Judge Waller will have the sympathy of a great 
multitude of people in this view, and the hope is now widely 
entertained, as a result of the terrible destruction of life and 
property in Europe, that the nations may eventually recognize 
the horror and futilitv of war and devote their energies in the 

t * 

future to the permanent establishment of an era of peace and 
good will among men. 

Judge Waller has been twice married first, on December 
27, 1883, to Constance G. Cazenove, a daughter of William G. 
Cazenove, of Alexandria, Virginia, and a granddaughter of Judge 
Stanard. His married life with this lady was very brief, Mrs. 
Waller passing away in June, 1885, leaving no children. On 
June 4, 1902, Judge Waller contracted a second marriage with 
Kate Perkins Dew. of Spottsylvania County, born April 1. 1878, 
daughter of Thomas Eoderick and Mildred Walker (Perkins) 



532 ROBERT EMMETT WALLER 

Dew. Mrs. Waller is a great-granddaughter of Parke Poindexter, 
who was Clerk of the Court of Chesterfield County, Virginia, for 
thirty-five years. She is also a great-niece of Thomas Roderick 
Dew, first President of William and Mary College; and a niece 
of the beautiful Miss Parke Perkins, who was crowned queen of 
love and beauty at the Philadelphia Centennial in 1876. Judge 
and Mrs. Waller have two children: Nannie Maria Waller and 
Eobert Einmett Waller, Jr. 

The Coat of Arms used by John Waller, the immigrant, was 
the original Coat of Arms granted to Sir Richard Waller, and 
therefore to his descendants, and showed neither Crest nor 
Motto; but an examination of English authorities shows that a 
Crest was granted to Sir Richard Waller after Agincourt, to 
which was added a Motto, and the complete description is as 
follows : 

"Sable : Three walnut leaves or, between two bendlets argent. 

"Crest : On a mount vert a walnut tree, proper ; on the sinis- 
ter side an escutcheon pendent charged with the arms of France, 
with a label of three points argent. 

"Motto : Hie f ructus virtutis." 



THE NF 

IPIIRI T f I 
ir u Di^j.^ L. 



ASTOP, 

DEN 




< 



, o 




JAMES AUGUSTUS BRYAN 

THE Bryan family name is one of that small number con- 
cerning the origin of which there is no doubt. Brian 
Boru, king of Thomond and Munster in Ireland, greatest 
of all the Irish rulers, by reason of his ability, became, 
in the year 1002, king of all Ireland. He ruled with great wisdom 
and developed the country. Finally, in the year 1014, he had to 
face the last and greatest efforts of the Danish and Norwegian 
pirates, reinforced by the fierce Scotch Highlanders, to overrun 
Ireland. The Battle of Clontarf was fought on Good Friday, in 
1014. The Norsemen and their allies were utterly defeated, leav- 
ing over seven thousand dead on the field. Brian and his lieu- 
tenants that day turned the tide of Danish idolatry and Odinism 
in Western Europe, and thus rendered a great service to the 
nations that were struggling toward Christian standards. The 
brave old king paid for his victory with his life, he, his eldest 
son Murrough and Murrough's son Toutlough, a youth of fifteen, 
all falling upon the battle-field. The old king was the undoubted 
ancestor of all the Brians and O'Brians of Ireland, and Bryans 
of America, and some of the Birons of the Continent of Europe. 
The French familv of that name is also said to have been de- 

f 

scended from him. In the old erse language, Brian meant "the 
author," while Boru was an affix meaning "of the tribute," which 
the king had gained by his early victories over the Danes, com- 
pelling them to pay tribute prior to his last fatal battle. The 
Irish O'Briens contend that Brian Boru was descended from 
Milesius, King of Spain, in the second century of the Christian 
era, through Heber, the third son of the monarch. 

The Irish Brians, or O'Briens, multiplied greatly and shared 
in the stormy history of their country after its conquest by the 
Norman rulers of England. In North Carolina two different 
families of these Irish Brians appear to be represented. When 
or where the change in spelling took place cannot be definitely 
stated, but it seems to have been at a recent date, the "y" cer- 
tainly not appearing before the sixteenth century. 

One of these Bryan families represented in North Carolina 
was founded by Morgan Bryan, who came to Pennsylvania. With 
their neighbors, the Boones, they moved from Pennsylvania to 
North Carolina where the families intermarried. One of them 
later returned Northward to the Valley of Virginia, and is said 
to be the ancestor of William Jennings Bryan of our day. 

[535] 



536 JAMES AUGUSTUS BRYAX 

With this family our story has nothing to do beyond this 
mention to distinguish them from the main family in North 
Carolina. This main Bryan family of eastern North Carolina 
was founded by William Bryan, who married in England about 
1689 Alice Needham, said to have been a daughter of the Irish 
Lord Needham of that day. His first son, Needham Bryan, was 
born February 23, 1690, probably in England. About that time 
William came to America and settled in Isle of Wight County. 
Virginia. He subsequently had two sons, John and William. With 
two of his sons, Needham and John, he moved to North Carolina 
about 1722. Needham settled at Snowfield, Bertie County. Wil- 
liam remained in Virginia. The third son, John, is the man 
with whom we have to do. 

John, son of William the immigrant, had a son Edward, and 
settled at Swift Creek, Craven County, Virginia. Edward's wife is 
said to have been named Christina. They had a son William, 
who married Ann Dawson. Their son John married Elizabeth 
Oliver. Their son James married Rachel Heritage. James and 
Rachel had two sons, (1st) John Heritage, who married Mary 
Shepard, and who was the father of Judge Henry Bryan, of New 
Bern, and (2d) James West Bryan, who married Ann Mary, 
daughter of John C. Washington, and these were the parents of 
James Augustus Bryan, the subject of this sketch. 

It will be seen, therefore, that James A. Bryan is in the 
seventh generation from William the immigrant, the line being 
William to John to Edward to William to James to James West 
to James Augustus. 

Whatever grievance we may have had, may now have, or may 
in the future have against Great Britain, it is very certain that 
we owe to that country and Ireland a great debt of gratitude for 
the quality of the men sent to us in the early Colonial period. 
Englishmen, Scotchmen, Welshmen and Irishmen came to a new 
and wild country, where they not only had to contend with the 
difficulties of the land, but also with barbarous and savage men. 
After the first desperate struggle at Jamestown there was never 
a moment of weakness. Steadily, determinedly, with patience 
when necessary, and with haste when useful, the lines were ever 
advanced, and in the third and fourth generations from these 
pioneers a country had not only been conquered, but a nation 
made. No part of the country was richer in these strong men 
than the Colonies from Maryland to Georgia, and among these 
were and are no better men than the descendants of William 
Bryan, now scattered from Virginia to Georgia and far to the 
westward. 

James Augustus Bryan was born at New Bern, North Caro- 
lina, September 13, 1839, son of James West and Ann Mary Wash- 
ington Bryan. James West Bryan was one of the most distiii- 



JAMES AUGUSTUS BRYAN 537 

guished lawyers of North Carolina. He gave his son every advan- 
tage possible in the way of education. At St. Timothy Hall, 
Chestnut Hill, Maryland, and at Loyola College and McNally's 
School in Baltimore, he was prepared for college. He entered 
Princeton University and was graduated with the class of 1860. 
Within less than a year after his graduation the Civil War broke 
upon the country. Like the great majority of the young men of 
the South, J. A. Bryan did not wait for any call upon his patriot- 
ism, but immediately joined the Confederate Army as a private in 
the Neuse Cavalry. Even then, some of the qualities which have 
characterized him through life had displayed themselves, for he 
was made secretary and treasurer of his company, promoted by 
Governor Ellis to second lieutenant of Company G, Tenth Regi- 
ment North Carolina State Troops, and assigned duty on the Staff 
of General L. O. B. Branch as ordnance officer of the district of 
the Pamlico. He was soon after commissioned by President 
Davis as second lieutenant, Corps of Artillery of the Confederate 
Army, and continued on the Staff of General Branch until the 
latter was killed at Sharpsburg. Upon the promotion of Colonel 
Lane to the rank of brigadier-general, succeeding General 
Branch, he was assigned to General Lane's Staff, and was soon 
raised from second to first lieutenant, then to captain, which rank 
he held until he was made major and quartermaster of the State 
of North Carolina by Governor Vance. Major Bryan gave his full 
share of service. After the close of the war he entered business, 
engaging in the manufacture of lumber. He was nearly twenty- 
six years old at that time, and he tells himself that the first dollar 
he ever earned was from a venture in the lumber business. His 
life from that time down to the present has been one of immense 
business activity. Lumbering, farming and banking have all 
claimed his attention, and in all of these Major Bryan has 
been largely successful. He has shown himself to be possessed of 
sound business judgment, of tenacity of purpose, and of industry, 
and these qualities have met with due reward. He has other 
qualities. His natural kindliness has greatly endeared him to 
the people of his community. As an illustration of the esteem 
in which he is held by his people, it may be cited that for twenty- 
five years he has been chairman of the Board of Commissioners 
of Craven County. This long and important service is only a 
small part of his valuable public service. He has represented the 
Eighth Senatorial District in the State Senate, has served a term 
as Mayor of New Bern, is a Trustee of the New Bern Graded 
Schools, chairman of the Board of Directors of the North Caro- 
lina Women's Home, for six years was President of the Atlantic 
and North Carolina Railroad, and is President of the National 
Bank of New Bern, the leading financial institution of that sec- 
tion. Major Bryan holds membership in the University Club- 



538 JAMES AUGUSTUS BRYAN 

the Sigma Phi College Society and the order of Elks. He is a 
member of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

He has been twice married; first, to Mary Shepard, born in 
New Bern, March 18, 1843, daughter of Charles B. and Mary 
Speight (Donnell) Shepard, and who died January 1, 180 He 
married, secondly, Julia Rush Olinsted, born in Princeton, New 
Jersey, August 30, 1843, daughter of George Tyler and Hannah 
Boudinot Field Olmsted, and died in New Bern, North Carolina, 
May 22, 1915. Major Bryan's only child is Charles Shepard 
Bryan, engaged in business as a broker and manufacturer. He is 
a graduate of Princeton University. He married Annie McWhor- 
ter, of Augusta, Georgia, and has three children : Gray McWhor- 
ter, Mary and Margaret Bryan. 

For four years Major Bryan was a gallant soldier in the war. 
For fifty years he has been a faithful soldier of peace. His serv- 
ice to his State and to his people has been limited only by his 
strength and opportunity. He has grudged nothing that could 
contribute in any way to the general welfare. He has gained a 
high place in the community where for generations his people 
have been giving good service. He deserves that degree of esteem 
and honor which attaches to every man who gives his time, his 
substance, his ability, and even risks his life in behalf of his 
country and his fellows. 

The original Bryan Coat of Arms is thus described : 

Gules three lions passant guardant in pale per pale or and 
argent. 

Crest: A dexter arm embowed vested gules brandishing a 
sword proper pommel and hilt or. 

Motto: Lamh laidir an nachtar (The strong hand from 
above). 



PI1 





c 




LAUGHLIN BUIE McLAURIN 

THE subject of this sketch was a descendant of the ancient 
Scotch Clan of MacLaren, or, as it is more ruodernly 
spelled, McLaurin. Its war-cry was "Creag an Tuirc" 
"The Boar's Rock" and its badge "Buaidh-chraobh, no 
labhras" Laurel. 

Many are the theories suggested regarding the origin of the 
name of the Clan, the most probable being that they are descend- 
ants from Laurentius, or St. Lawrence. It would seem that the 
name might have taken its rise from the adoption of the laurel 
on its badge, as did the name of Plantagenet from the sprig of 
heather with which the first of the name decorated his helmet. 
In Gaelic the Clan is called "Clann mhic Labhruinn ;" in English 
the name is often written MacLaurin. That the Clan was power- 
ful and influential in Scotland is proven from history, and that 
they suffered heavily and fought bravely in the various wars is 
a matter of record. Mention of this family is made in the 
Ragnan's Roll of 1296, as swearing fealty to King Edward I, and 
contained the names of three branches of the Clan, Maurice of 
Typee, Conan of Balquhidder, and Laurin of Ardveche (Lochearn- 
side). Subsequent history states that "the Clan Laurin served 
their Prince at all times, as at Bannockburn, at Flodden Field 
with King James IV, and after at Pinkie." 

The pseudo "alliance" between the Stewarts of Appin and 
the Clan Laurin was brought about in the fifteenth century by 
a marriage between one of the Stewart Lords of Lorn and the 
daughter of McLaurin of Ardveche, their son, Dugald, becoming 
the founder of the Stewarts of Appin. This alliance continued 
until the McLaurins rose with Prince Charles, and contributed 
to the Appin regiment a company under Captain Dugald Mac- 
laren of Invernentile Balquhidder. Thirteen of this company 
fell at Culloden, the captain was wounded severely but managed 
to get home to Balquhidder. After hiding for a year he was 
captured, but on his way to Carlisle to be tried he made a remark- 
able escape, which, it is said, forms the basis of Sir Walter Scott's 
well-known novel of "Red Gauntlet." 

While the Clan, as a body, joined Stewart of Appin, a con- 
tingent of them fought under the Murrays of Atholl, whose chief, 
Sir John Murray, had acquired certain rights over Balquhidder. 
There were also among the Clan, supporters of the English Gov- 
ernment. Colin McLaurin, an eminent Professor of Mathematics 

[541] 



542 LAUGHLIN BUIE MC LAURIN 

in the University of Edinburgh, was charged by the authorities 
to place the city in condition to resist Prince Charles's forces. 
He worked hard to put the old fortifications in order and assem- 
bled the defenders, in the college yard, where their arms were 
handed them, but by neglect or the connivance of some sympa- 
thizer, the advance guard of the Jacobites got possession of one 
of the city forts, and, after a half-hearted resistance, the capital 
surrendered with the exception of the college which the troops 
called the garrison. Professor McLaurin then withdrew to 
England, where he was the guest of the Archbishop of York. 

The result of the decisive battle of Culloden, the final down- 
throw of the Stewart cause, was the dispersion of the Clan, some 
of whom, later, sought new homes in this country, the freedom 
of which had been achieved. 

The history of the Clan is overflowing with their doughty 
deeds in the Clan feuds, the great feature of those days. On one 
occasion, in the twelfth century, a battle took place in Strathyre 
over an insult to a MacLearn when the Buchanans of Leny were 
practically annihilated. It appears from historical evidence, 
that the Clan enjoyed for generations the privilege, or right, of 
seating themselves in the Kirk of Balquhidder before one of 
another Clan dare cross the threshold of the door. This right 
caused many unseemly brawls even at the Kirk door. In the 
sixteenth century the MacLaurins suffered terribly in an attack 
and massacre by their neighbors, the MacGregors. This had its 
effect in the declining influence of the McLaurins. In the roll 
ordered to be made up in 1594, called the "Roll the Clannis in 
the Hielandis and lies thathes Captains Chieffs and Chieftains 
quohni on they depend", the Laurens appear as one of the Clans 
of this description. It was in connection with some legal pro- 
ceedings anent the McLaurins that Sir Walter Scott made his 
first acquaintance with the Highlanders, about 1786. 

The chieftainship of the Clan was claimed, in recent years, 
by the late Donald McLaurin, retired farmer, of Killin. He was 
one of the long line of the McLaurins who had been at Ardvech 
for over 600 years. Ardvech is near the head of Lochearn, and 
nearby is the ancient and recognized burial place of the members 
of the Clan. 

When the War of the Kevolution broke out, Ewen Mac- 
Laurin, a native of Argyle, raised, at his own expense, the 
"South Carolina Loyalists," and it was but seven years after 
the conclusion of the War of the Kevolution that other members 
of the Clan McLaurin came to America. The McCall and 
McLaurin families formed the greater part of the colony which 
emigrated from Appin, Argyllshire, Scotland, and settled upon 
both sides of the Little Pee Dee River near or upon either side 
of the boundary line between the Carol inas. As the McLaurins 



> 



LAUGULIX BUIE MC LAURIX 54 

had held their Scottish lands for centuries, so, iii like manner, 
their descendants still own the soil and the homes acquired by 
their fathers when they first entered this new laud of promise. 
The pioneer emigrants of the Clan, Duncan McLaurin, and his 
brother, Laughlin McLauriu, are the forbears of Laughlin Buie 
McLaurin to whom this sketch is dedicated. Laughlin, the 
progenitor, had married in Scotland Ann McCall, and his two 
sons, Laughlin and Hugh, were of Scottish birth, while Daniel C. 
and John Lowndes, two other sons, were born in America. 
Duncan married Nancy, daughter of Major Daniel Carmichael, 
and raised a large number of children who now have descendants 
in the Fairley family of North Carolina and in the Douglas, Car- 
michael and McNair families of South Carolina. Thomas, in his 
history of Marlboro County, says : "In all the years since, the 
descendants of these old Scotchmen have clung to the grounds 
where their forefathers first felled the forests and built their 
family altars; quiet, unobtrusive people, yet valuable members 
of society they have always been." 

Laughlin Buie McLaurin was born near Laurinburg, North 
Carolina, February 1, 1826. His father was Hugh C., who mar- 
ried Nancy, the daughter of his uncle Duncan. Hugh C. lived 
with his wife on his farm near Laurinburg, raising their seven 
children, instilling into their minds the lessons of thrift, fru- 
gality, loyalty and honest dealing which, from time immemorial, 
has been ever the characteristics of the Clan, flis education 
was confined to the schools of Laurinburg, which, at that time, 
were little more than elementary in their scope. Young Laugh- 
lin, as soon as he reached his majority, went to Old Hundred, 
or Laurel Hill, and became connected with the large general 
merchandise business of Noah Gibson. At once the lessons taught 
by his father began to bear fruit. Thus starting out, his salary 
was purely nominal, yet, out of his first year's income, he man- 
aged to save a respectable sum. He was not long in being 
promoted, and. later, became a partner of Gibson's son, F. B. 
Gibson, with whom he was still connected at the time of his own 
death in 1898. 

Old Hundred was on the stage line from Caniden, South 
Carolina, to Fayetteville, North Carolina, connecting with 
through transportation lines from North to South. Until this 
route was abandoned, Laughlin would sell goods during the day 
and post his books at night while waiting for the stage, which, 
coming and going, deposited the mail at his store. Such was his 
energy and industry that he opened the first mail about midnight, 
made up the mail for the next coach, and rested content with 
such sleep as he could get until early morning, when the stage 
horn called him again to a resumption of his work. 

It was not possible for a man of his heredity to shirk duty 



544 LAUGH LIN BUIE MC LAURIX 

when his country needed the service of her loyal sons, so that, 
when a call was made for men to defend State's Rights, Laughlin 
was among the first to answer. Cheerfully he laid down his pen 
for a sword and mounted his horse to do battle. The old war-cry 
u Creag an Turic" no doubt sounded in his ear, and the fighting 
blood of his ancestors urged him to take part in the struggle. 
Laughlin enlisted in Company E, Fourth South Carolina Cavalry. 
This company, known as the "Marlboro Dragoons," was organized 
January 12, 1862, W. P. Emanuel being its Captain. The ability 
of Laughlin as an organizer of business was so well known that 
he was very soon acting as assistant to his superior officers. His 
faithful attention to duty, his unswerving loyalty, his high sense 
of honor the attributes of his whole life made him a valuable 
soldier and a friend to be relied upon. His company was on duty 
in the defence of Georgetown and other places in South Carolina 
until the spring of 1864, when it was transferred to Virginia 
and became part of Butler's Brigade in Hampton's Division. 
This company was sent at once to the front to assist General Lee 
in moving the base of operations from above Richmond to Peters- 
burg. In order that General Lee might entrench before Peters- 
burg unmolested, Hampton's Cavalry was thrown upon the flank 
of Grant's army at a place known as Haw's Shop, not far from 
Cold Harbor, and, on May 28, a most sanguinary battle, in which 
the Fourth South Carolina took part, was fought. The loss of 
the regiment was very great; out of 400 engaged 180 were killed 
or wounded. 

After this first fight on Virginia soil Company E was in the 
thickest of the numerous battles fought by Hampton's Cavalry 
until the close of the war. Laughlin was not wounded, but 
exposure and hardship brought on a severe illness and he was at 
home, incapacitated for active duty, during Sherman's raid in 
the early spring of 1865. His friends were very apprehensive 
that he w r ould meet with severe treatment by Federal soldiers, 
but because of his serious condition, by a humane impulse of 
the enemy, a Federal officer was placed at his home to protect 
him. Owing to his condition he was not with his command when 
it surrendered with Lee at Appomattox. His services, so loyally 
rendered ended with the close of the war, and upon his return 
to health he resumed his mercantile pursuits. 

An interesting fact in the life of Laughlin McLaurin may 
be here related. Before the opening of the Civil War, the firm 
in which he was interested had been doing a considerable business 
with Thomas Fenner and Company, of New York, and when war 
was declared Fenner held several thousand dollars of the firm's 
money. At the close of the war Fenner sent a statement giving 
the amount of the original principal and the interest accumu- 
lated, and the total amount then on hand. This money was 



LAUGHLIN BUIE MC LAURIN 545 

reinvested, and its successful use gave the firm an opportunity to 
reopen business and accrue a competence. The business integrity 
of Thomas Fenner and Company was of such material assistance 
to McLaurin that he and other men all over the Pee Dee section 
gave the Fenner Company their cotton business for years. In 
1872, with his brother John, he engaged in business in Laurin- 
burg, North Carolina, but after a few years the plant was re- 
moved to Bennetsville, South Carolina, and a partnership 
formed under the title of Everett, Gibson and Company, Mer- 
chants. Speaking of him, one of his partners says : "I have never 
known a more honest man than L. B. McLaurin. He was straight- 
forward, kind and considerate, but woe unto the man who 
deceived him. He was in business in the days of long credits, 
and for a good many years of scarce money. He was always 
willing to accommodate a friend when in need. He acquired a 
comfortable income by hard and regular work and close economy. 
I do not remember ever to have seen him fail to help anyone in 
need who deserved aid. He helped a number of deserving young 
men through college, though he had never had the same oppor- 
tunities that he made possible to others." 

Laughlin Buie McLaurin was a Democrat, and a member of 
the Presbyterian Church of Gibson, North Carolina. He married, 
first, July 1, 1880, Martha Thomas, w r ho lived but one year after 
the marriage, and was buried with her infant in her arms. He 
married again, August 20, 1885, a sister-in-law, Margaret 
Elvira, daughter of the Eev. John Alexander William Thomas 
and Margaret Spears Thomas, of Bennettsville, South Caro- 
lina, born April 8, 1855. He died in Gibson, North Carolina, 
December 8, 1898. The offspring of his second marriage was 
Nancy Margaret McLaurin, born September 22, 1886. Nancy 
Margaret studied at the Greenville Woman's College, South Caro- 
lina, and the Woman's College of Kichmond, Virginia. She was 
graduated in 1907; married May 9, 1911, Robert McKay Pratt, 
and has one daughter, Nancy McLaurin Pratt, born July 22, 1912. 
Several members of the McLaurin family in America have 
had careers of more than ordinary usefulness. The Laughlin 
already referred to as having been born in Scotland married his 
cousin, Nancy McLaurin, and settled in Mississippi. Their sons 
have been prominent in that State, Anselm having been Governor 
and, later, United States Senator. Daniel, a brother of Laughlin, 
lived and died on Little Pee Dee River, South Carolina, leaving 
a large family. He was ever ready to serve his country with 
loyal fidelity. His grandson, Daniel C. Roper, of Washington, 
D. C., is now First Assistant Postmaster General. John Lowndes, 
another brother, was sincerely mourned as a great loss by the 
people whom, in various lines, he served so well. The present 
ex-United States Senator, John L. McLaurin, is a grandson of 



546 LAUGHLIN BUIE 3IC LAUJIIX 

John Lowndes aud a sou of P. B. McLaurin, and is now State 
Warehouse Commissioner for South Carolina. 

Thus this old Scottish family is one already honored in the 

V t/ 

New World, and its sons and daughters are among those who, 
by their ability, uprightness and sterling character, have helped 
to make the title of American citizen respected and esteemed 
among the enlightened nations of the world. 
The Arms of this ancient Clan are as follows : 

MACLAURIN 

Or, two chevronels gu. in base a lymphad sa. sails furled, 
flags flying, and oars in action, a bordure, nebuly of the second. 

Crest A lion's head erased ppr. on it an antique crown, or, 
all betw. two branches of laurel issuing from the wreath ppr. 

Mottoes Dalriada ; and, Aborigine fidus. 






PUBLIC 



WILBERT THEODORE JAMES 

WILBERT THEODORE JAMES, who has been promi- 
nently identified with banking and other important busi- 
ness interests in Lancaster County, Virginia, for the 
past fifteen years, is descended from an ancient English 
family long settled in County Cumberland, England. The family 
estate, known as Burnville Lodge, near Tavistock, was established 
early in the reign of Edward VI, and the Coat of Arms borne 
by the James family was granted at that time. It is described 
in heraldic terms as : 

"Azure, a dolphin embowed proper. 

"Crest: A buffalo passant proper. 

"Motto : Vincit amor Patria?." 

The Virginia branch to which this sketch relates settled in 
eastern Virginia about the middle of the eighteenth century, and 
for four generations has been established in Lancaster County, 
beginning with David H. James, born in 1799. 

Wilbert Theodore James was born at Whitestone, Lancaster 
County, Virginia, October 2, 1874, a son of David R. James, mer- 
chant at Whitestone, born in 1841, and his wife, Alice Brooks, 
born in Matthews County, Virginia, in 1857. 

W. T. James attended the public schools of his native town, 
and the Chesapeake Academy. His commercial training was 
acquired at Bryant and Stratton's Business College, Baltimore, 
Maryland. At the age of eighteen years he began business life 
by accepting a clerkship in a general store, where he remained 
seven years. In 1899 he formed a co-partnership with Dr. B. H. 
B. Hubbard as representatives of the Fidelity and Deposit 
Company of Maryland. About this time he was elected cashier 
of L. E. Mumford's Bank at Kilmarnock, Virginia. In 1909 this 
bank was succeeded by the Farmers and Merchants Bank, and 
Mr. James was elected Cashier and a member of the Board of 
Directors of the new institution, a position he has since occupied. 
In September, 1910, Mr. James was elected President of the 
Rappahannock State Bank at Sharps, Virginia, and in 1911 was 
chosen Secretary of the Taft Fish Company, Inc., a concern capi- 
talized at $182,000, and situated at Taft, Virginia. He is a 
Director of the Norris-Cralle Land Company, Lively, Virginia, 
and a member of the firm of Hubbard and James Company, 
Ottoman, Virginia. 

In fraternal circles Mr. James is identified with Lancaster 

[549] 



550 WILBERT THEODORE JAMES 

and Union Lodge, No. 88, A. F. and A. M., of Kilmarnock, Vir- 
ginia. His political relations through life have been with the 
Democratic party. He belongs to that element of the party which 
does not hesitate to cast an independent vote when in its judg- 
ment such a course is necessary. In religious matters he is iden- 
tified with the Baptist Church. 

Mr. James was united in marriage December 19, 1901, at 
Whitestone, Virginia, to Miss Elizabeth Hathaway, daughter 
of L. O. and Eleanor Hathaway. Their home has been bright- 
ened by a son, Wilbert T. Jr., born October 13, 1903, and a 
daughter, Margaret Sangster James, born October 21, 1915. Mr. 
James says of his recreations that they are "Such as interest my 
wife and children." He has found most helpful and interesting 
the writings of Plutarch, Shakespeare and Dickens. 

His business career is the embodiment of industry, energy 
and an uncommon tenacity of purpose. As a working code in life 
he says : "Give me the man that holds on when all others give up." 
He believes there should be greater individual effort, and less 
agitation on the part of the public in the upbuilding of State and 
Nation. He knows of no better advice to the young man starting 
in life than to invest his savings at a low rate of interest, which 
insures safety, rather than to reach after big returns in specula- 
tive ventures. 

That Mr. James has prospered in his undertakings is but 
the just reward of his labors, and this measure of prosperity 
has been honestly won and is a source of gratification to all those 
who have in any \vay come into personal contact with him. 










tf^ 



WILSON WESLEY BOWLES 

A MOST interesting history of the widely scattered Bowles 
family, compiled by Thomas M. Farquhar, was published 
in Philadelphia in 1907. Contained in this volume is an 
authentic pedigree of the Bowles family in Great Britain 
from data gathered after years of research by Mr. George Bowles, 
of London, who is credited w T ith being one of the best of English 
genealogists. To this a few additions have been made by Mr. 
Spotswood Bowles, of County Cork, Ireland, with reference to the 
North Aston family. According to Mr. Farquhar, the name is 
of both Saxon and Norman origin. Bolla was a Saxon Chief 
under Offa the Terrible, King of Mercia, about 757, who con- 
quered Oxfordshire, and also the Welsh kingdom of Powys, and 
this is the first mention of the name that we find. Bolla was the 
Saxon word for "bowl," also a name for the head, or brain-pan. 
Ingulf, a monk who lived in the time of Edward the Confessor, 
1041 A. D., tells that Edith, the Queen, would often stop him 
on his way from school and make him go over his lessons, which, 
if he knew, she would send him to Bolla, who seems to have been 
a sort of steward, and would evidently give him some choice tid- 
bit as a reward for his knowing his lessons. This steward was 
called a boll-man. 

This would give us the origin of the Saxon name in an occu- 
pation, which was a favorite derivation of names. In 1066 we 
come upon the Norman name in England, where one of the 
Knights who followed Williams to Hastings appears simply as 
Bole. In the making up of this history of the Bowles family, 
George Bowles, the genealogist, gets on solid ground in the 
person of William Bole, of Lincolnshire, in the reign of Kichard I 
in 1189. The name has gone through the usual evolution in 
spelling: the Saxon, Bolla; the Norman, Boel and Bole, then 
Boles, de Bolle, Bolles, Bowie, Bowl and Bowles, this last being 
the present accepted spelling, though the name of Bolles is still 
used both in Great Britain and America by some of the families. 
In 1272 appears the name of Alane Bowles, Lord of Swynesheads, 
and of the several manors within the same, including Bole Hall, 
Lincolnshire. 

From that time on the record appears unbroken, though the 
spelling of the name varies much, sometimes father and son 
spelling it differently, which recalls the statement of Thomas 

[553] 



554 WILSON WESLEY BOWLES 

Jefferson that he wanted every man to have enough education 
to know how to spell his name more than one way. 

It is sufficient for our purpose in this sketch to state that 
very many of the Bowles family have won distinction in Great 
Britain. A large number of them have held rank as baronets, 
many have been able soldiers, and several have been eminent 
divines, among whom were Rev. Edward Bowles, and John 
Bowles, Bishop of Rochester. Major-General Phiiieas Bowles 
and his son, Lieutenant-General Phineas Bowles, were distin- 
guished soldiers. Admiral Sir William Bowles was a famous 
naval officer. William Bowles, educated for a lawyer, became 
an eminent naturalist. John Bowles, a literary man of high 
character, made a reputation for his work on Spanish literature. 

Caroline Anne Bowles married Robert Southey, the poet. 
William Lisle Bowles was a poet and a critic of great merit. 
General Sir George Bowles, one of those English soldiers who 
fought through the Napoleonic wars, lived until 1876, being one 
of the last survivors of Wellington's officers. Lieutenant-General 
Vere Hunt Bowles was a distinguished member of that branch 
of the family which settled at County Cork, Ireland. In our 
own country, Samuel Bowles, editor of the "Springfield Repub- 
lican," was one of the greatest editors America has produced. 

In Virginia there are two distinguished lines of this family. 
The first was founded by John Bowles, who came to Virginia 
with Lord Delaware in May, 1610. He was then not a man 
grown, though his age is not given. In 1612 he returned to 
England and came back to Virginia with Sir Francis Wyatt in 
1621. As Sir George Bowles, one of the famous Lord Mayors 
of London, was among the members of the Virginia Company 
of London in 1620, it seems probable that John Bowles was 
related to him, as he came in 1621 with Sir Francis Wyatt. 
However this may be, John Bowles spent the balance of his 
life in Virginia and prospered. He lived in several localities, his 
final home being in Elizabeth City. In his will, probated July 1, 
1664, he left his estate to his son John, who was a planter. From 
this will it appeared that he had farms, plantations, houses, 
African slaves, tobacco, herds and the ship "Amelia." In 1719 
John Bowles 3, grandson of the immigrant, moved to New Kent 
County. From that time forward the family seems to have 
greatly multiplied, and to have extended its homes, in the course 
of the next fifty or sixty years, over a wide region. 

An interesting incident of record regarding this family is 
that of Joshua Bethel Bowles, who, born in 1800 in Albemarle 
County, moved to Louisville before he was a man, amassed a large 
fortune, became President of the Franklin Insurance Company, 
and for twenty-nine years was president of the old State Bank 
of Louisville. He married Grace Shreve, of Cincinnati, Ohio, by 



WILSON WESLEY BOWLES 555 

whom he had thirteen children. She was a niece of Ann Hopkins, 
who was the mother of Johns Hopkins, the founder of the 
great University in Baltimore. Ann Hopkins was of Quaker 
stock and was expelled from the society because she married a 
slaveholder. The descendants of John Bowles, the early emi- 
grant to Virginia, are now scattered over the United States and 
would make a very large regiment if all of them could be drawn 
together in one body. 

The other branch of the Bowles family identified with Vir- 
ginia is descended from Gideon Bowles, of Oxford, England, 
who settled in Dublin, Ireland, where he was a merchant in 1752. 
His oldest son, John, married Eleanor, the granddaughter of 
Sir William Parsons. Of the sons of John and Eleanor, five 
came to Virginia. Gideon settled in Goochland County, James 
in Leesburg, Loudoun County, and John in Winchester, Fred- 
erick County. The other two brothers were Stephen and Hugh. 
John settled in Winchester before 1800. His children were 
Jacob, Avery, Isaac, James, and six daughters, Mrs. Eva New- 
comb, Mrs. Catherine Tutstone, Mrs. Rebecca Smith, Mrs. Sally 
Coapheabner, Mrs. Nancy Carper, and Mrs. William Keffert. 

James Bowles, son of John, was born on the 28th of Feb- 
ruary, 1810. He lived for many years near Winchester, where 
his personal integrity and sober life gained for him the esteem 
of his neighbors. He was a farmer and stock breeder, giving 
special attention to the breeding of fine horses, especially the 
Black Hawk Morgan strain. He accumulated a considerable 
estate. He married Mary Louise Smith, born April 9, 1821. 
James Bowles died October 6, 1872, and was survived by his 
wife for nearly twenty-seven years, she dying April 19, 1899. 
They had sixteen children, as follows: Isaac W., James Edwin, 
Stewart Baldwin, Jonathan S., Henry C., Charles M., Wilson 
W., Victor S., Joseph W., John L., Milton C., Thomas S., Fanny 
S., Oliver C., Minnie L., and James. Victor S. moved to Dallas, 
Texas, and Oliver C. and Milton C. to Fort Worth, Texas. Min- 
nie L. married James Thomas, Fort Worth, Texas, some of the 
others passed away, and some of them are still living in their 
native section. Among these is Wilson W. Bowles, who was edu- 
cated in a private school at Winchester up to the age of sixteen, 
when he entered the Confederate Army in the last year of the 
war, but was shortly afterwards captured and imprisoned at 
Point Lookout until the end of the struggle. After the war, start- 
ing in business on his own account, he took up the life of a 
farmer and stock breeder in Hampshire County, West Virginia. 
After a period in Hampshire County he returned to his native 
county of Clarke, Virginia, where he has been engaged in the 
same occupation and has been largely successful. 

Mr. Bowles is now one of the best known horse breeders in 



556 WILSON WESLEY BOWLES 

Virginia. He has a beautiful estate of about thirteen hundred 
acres of land and does an extensive business. He is Director of 
the First National Bank of Berryville and a Director of the 
Horse Show and the Winchester Fair. He has been a judge of 
the National Horse Show at Washington, D. C., and of numerous 
others in various cities. He is regarded as one of the best author- 
ities on live stock in a State which has always been rich in 
men possessing that qualification. He has served on the Advisory 
Board of the Hagerstown Fair. A lifelong Democrat in his 
political affiliations, he was a delegate to the Norfolk Con- 
vention of 1912, being made Chairman of his delegation, and 
casting its entire vote for Woodrow Wilson, but has never been 
a seeker after public office. Mr. Bowles belongs to that class of 
intelligent farmers and livestock breeders which has made the 
Valley of Virginia one of the most noted sections of the United 
States from an agricultural standpoint. 

While we must concede that the men who have done this 
occupied a territory possessed of unusually productive soil, it is 
to their credit that they have made the most of it, and other 
sections of the country which have had equal advantages in this 
respect do not now compare with the valley, so at the last we are 
forced to Sidney Lanier's conclusion "that there is more in the 
man than there is in the land," 

Mr. Bowles married at White Hall, Frederick County, Oc- 
tober 29, 1879, Annie Vriginia Lodge, who was born March 19, 
1850, daughter of William Russell and Rebecca Janney Purcell 
Lodge. Mrs. Bowies' mother belonged to a famous Quaker 
family, the Janneys, through whom she is related to many promi- 
nent members of the Society of Friends. The children of this 
marriage are Joseph William Bowles, Wilson Lodge Bowles. 
Harry Hallowell Bowles and Bertha Anne Bowles. The three 
sons were educated at the old Clay Hill Academy (now not in 
existence), and the daughter, after attending a private school in 
Millwood, went to the Mary Baldwin Seminary at Staunton, the 
Fort Loudoun Seminary at Winchester, and finally the Peabody 
Conservatory in Baltimore. 

The youngest son, Dr. H. H. Bowles, made a fine record in 
the medical world. He was a graduate of the University College 
of Medicine in Richmond, where he served as an interne. He 
graduated at the Bellevue Hospital, New York ; was an assistant 
in the Women's Hospital, in Manhattan Maternity and Lying-in 
Hospital, and then became an assistant to Dr. Lawrence Summit, 
of New Jersey, with whom he is now in partnership. Dr. Bowles 
is said to be the youngest physician in New Jersey confining 
himself entirely to surgery, and by men of his profession his 
record in college and in practice is accounted brilliant. 

William Wesley Bowles has borne his part in his generation 



WILSON WESLEY BOWLES 557 



manfully. Ready as a mere boy to fight his country's battles, 
his mature life has been devoted to agriculture. In everything 
pertaining to this most essential of all industries, the cultivation 
of the land and the breeding of stock, he has made vast improve- 
ments on the old methods. He deserves the credit that is given 
to the man who makes two blades of grass grow where only one 
grew before. He has preserved his personal integrity and made 
character. Now, over a wide area, his name is svnonvmous with 

V V 

good judgment and honest dealing. He has served his generation 
well. 

There are some eighteen Coats of Arms in the various 
branches of the Bowles family, the outstanding feature of a 
majority of these being the bowls and boars' heads, which illus- 
trates the close family relationship which existed between the 
original grantees of these Coats of Arms. 



JULIAN MEREDITH BAKER 

IT IS generally conceded that the State of Virginia has fur- 
nished America with more men of real worth and eminence 
than any other equal territory in this Republic. From these 

men came the forbears of Dr. Julian Meredith Baker, who 
was born October 27, 1857, at Tarboro, Edgecombe County, North 
Carolina, where he has always made his home. He is a son of 
Joseph Henry Baker, physician and surgeon, and his wife, Susan 
Foxhall. 

The first of the name we find in Virginia is that of Jonathan 
Baker of Nansemond County, Virginia, settled in Edgecombe 
County, North Carolina, prior to 1730. His son, Moses Baker, 
married Naomi Garrett; their son, William S. Baker, M. D., 
married Julia Shurley, daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Davis) 
Shurley; and their son, John Henry Baker, M. D., married 
Susan Foxhall, as noted above. 

The Baker Coat of Arms, brought from England to Virginia 
by the ancestors of Jonathan Baker, is thus heraldically 
described : 

"Argent on a fess nebulee between three keys sable, a tower 
triple towered, of the first." A wax seal bearing these arms is 
found on an old deed of Henry Baker, now in possession of 
Richard H. Baker, of Norfolk, Virginia. 

On the maternal side we find the ancestry of Dr. Baker 
traced for five generations in a genealogical chart of the Dancy 
family prepared by former Governor Henry Clark. 

This French Huguenot family originally spelled the name 
D'Ancie. William Dancy of Edgecombe County, North Carolina, 
married, in 1765, Agatha Little, of Charles City County, Virginia. 
Their son, Edwin Dancy, married Lucy Knight, having issue, 1, 
Edwin C. (Dr.); 2, Martha; 3, David (Dr.); 4, Francis L. 
(Colonel), and 5, Sarah. Sarah Dancy was twice married. As 
a result of her union with her second husband, William Foxhall, 
whom she married in 1823, the following children were born : 
Lucy, David D., Frank D., Susan and Edwin D. Susan Foxhall 
married Dr. Joseph H. Baker and had children: Frank S., 
Thomas A., Joseph H., Jr., and Julian, the subject proper of this 
sketch. 

Dr. Julian M. Baker was educated at Tarboro Male Academy, 
Horner and Graves Military Academy, University of Illinois, 
and the University of North Carolina, from which he was gradu- 

[ 558 ] 



< 




a 





JULIAN MEREDITH BAKER 561 

ated with the degree of B. S. His medical education was ac- 
quired at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, and at 
the University of Maryland, where he received the degree of 
M. D. in 1879. 

He has since devoted himself to the practice of his profession 
and has served as Assistant Surgeon General of North Carolina 
and Surgeon of the First Brigade, North Carolina State Troops. 

Dr. Baker is a Director of the Edgecombe Homestead and 
Loan Association. Politically he is a Democrat, but has never 
been actively identified with public affairs. 

In fraternal circles Dr. Baker is Past Master of Concord 
Lodge, No. 58, A. F. and A. M., and Past High Priest Concord 
Chapter, R. A. M. He is a member of the Knights Templar, a 
Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite Mason and belongs to the Phi 
Kappa Sigma Fraternity. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church. 

Dr. Baker was married at Tarboro, North Carolina, June 17, 
1884, to Miss Elizabeth Howard, born at Milton, North Carolina, 
August 30, 1863, a daughter of Hon. George Howard and his 
wife, Anna Stamps. They have three daughters: (1) Anna 
Howard, a graduate of Peace University, Raleigh, married W. E. 
Fenner, of Rocky Mount, North Carolina; they have one child, 
Julian Baker Fenner. (2) Sue Foxhall, a graduate of Peace 
Institute, married Dr. W. W. Green, of Tarboro, North Carolina. 
(3) Elizabeth Howard, unmarried. 

Dr. Baker has had an unusually successful career in his 
chosen profession. He is a firm advocate of higher educational 
requirements in State laws for the practice of medicine, and 
believes that greater restrictions should be placed upon the prac- 
tice of medical quacks and charlatans. 

Dr. Baker's reading has been largely along the line of his 
profession and allied scientific subjects. He is a frequent con- 
tributor to medical journals, and his papers read before medical 
societies and published in their transactions are remarkable for 
breadth of knowledge and sound research. 

Dr. Baker's high professional standing is shown by the 
official positions he has held. He has been President of the 
Medical Society of the State of North Carolina ; President of the 
North Carolina Board of Medical Examiners; a member of the 
American Medical Association, of the Medical Society of North 
Carolina, of the Seaboard Medical Association, of the Tri-State 
Medical Society, of the Edgecombe County Medical Society, and 
of the Associations of Surgeons of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail- 
road. He has also been a member of the North Carolina State 
Board of Health. 

By his energy and capacity Dr. Baker has won for himself 
a strong position in the community which he serves, and has built 
up a character for good citizenship second to that of no man in 
his section. 



JOHN EMMETT DICK 

THE Dick family, now fairly well scattered over the United 
States, though not so numerous as many others, is of 
Scotch origin, the original seats of the families having 
been in the Counties of Mid-Lothian and Forfar. One 
branch of the family moved from Scotland to Ireland and settled 
in County Antrim, and one was located in Dublin. In this way 
the Dick* family came to be known in America as Scotch-Irish. 
As a matter of fact, the Scotch-Irish are purely Scotch, who came 
to America by way of Ireland, in which country they had resided 
for several generations, and during which time had, as a rule, by 
intermarriage among themselves, kept the blood free from any in- 
fusion of Irish blood. It is a fact, however, that the Scotch 
were themselves originally of Irish origin, the original Scotch 
being a tribe known as the Scoti, who went from Ireland to 
Scotland in the fourth century, won a footing by hard fighting 
and eventually dominated the country to which they gave its 
name. 

The first record we have of the family of Dick in America is 
of Edward and Elizabeth, who came to Virginia in July, 1635. 
Edward's age was given as thirty and Elizabeth's as eighteen. 
It cannot be definitely stated that they were husband and wife, 
for they may have been brother and sister, but the presumption 
is that they were a married couple. From eastern Virginia the 
descendants of Edward Dick spread out towards Fredericksburg 
and also towards the North Carolina line, and at a still later 
day they certainly went on into Tennessee, and possibly into 
Ohio. It is not quite certain, though, that the Ohio family came 
from Virginia, as there is a possibility that it descended from 
a family settled in one of the Middle* States which came later 
than the Virginians. 

To this family belongs John Emmett Dick, of Fair Bluff, 
North Carolina, who was born November 24, 1865, at Alfords- 
ville, Robeson County, in the same State, son of Dr. John Gusta- 
vus Adolphus Dick and Mary Rowlett Dodson Dick. This North 
Carolina family was founded by Samuel and Robert Dick, 
brothers, who settled in Guilford County in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. Mr. Dick's grandfather, Judge Dick, settled near Greens- 
boro and married Parthenia Parenthia Williamson, of Granville 
County. 

The Dick family has contributed some splendid citizens to 

[ 562] 



p~ 



l 



JOHN EMMETT DICK 565 

the State from both lines. Judge John McClintock Dick (1791- 
1861) was a lawyer of high standing, a member of the State 
Senate and Judge of the Supreme Court for twenty-six years, 
from 1835 until his death in 1861. Judge John McC. Dick was 
the grandfather of John Erninett Dick. His son, Robert Paine 
Dick, born October 5, 1823, was also an eminent jurist. He was 
a graduate of the University of North Carolina in 1843, admitted 
to the bar in 1846, was United States District Attorney for 
North Carolina from 1853 to 1861, member of the State Constitu- 
tional Conventions of 1861 and 1865, member of the State Coun- 
cil 1861 to 1864, State Senator 1864 to 1865, Associate Justice 
of the North Carolina Superior Court from 1868 to 1872, and 
United States District Judge for the Western District of North 
Carolina from 1872 to 1898, when he retired from the bench at 
the age of seventy-five. It may be noted that he served on the 
Federal Bench for the same number of years, twenty-six, that his 
father served on the State Supreme Bench. 

Judge R. P. Dick was honored with the degree of LL.D. by 
the University' of North Carolina in 1769. He was an uncle of 

. 

John Emmett Dick. Another uncle was Dr. Frederick Dick, of 
North Platte, Nebraska, and yet another was Dr. William Dick, 
of Lumberton, North Carolina. In the maternal line his uncle, 
Gustavus Adolphus Williamson, served as a foreign minister for 
the United States Government. Captain J. A. Dodson was long 
connected with the Southern Railroad, and his granduncle, 
Thomas Rowlett, was a prominent citizen of Warrenton, North 
Carolina. 

The branch of the Dick family which remained in Virginia 
had a very honorable record in the Revolutionary period. Major 
Charles Dick, of Fredericksburg, Virginia, had been appointed 
during the old French and Indian War by Governor Dinwiddie 
Commissary of the forces. During the Revolution he was a 
member of a board which operated a powder factory at Freder- 
icksburg. His son, Alexander, entered the Revolutionary Army 
as a Captain and rose to be a Colonel before the end of the 
struggle. This was his only son. Of his two daughters, Mary 
married, first, Sir John Peyton, and after his death James Talia- 
ferro. His daughter Eleanor married June 4, 1772, the Hon. 
James Mercer. Colonel Alexander Dick appears to have died 
in 1785, leaving no sons. 

Archibald Dick was in 1770 clerk of Caroline County, Virginia. 
His wife's name was Susanna. They had a son, Archibald Dick, 
Jr., who in 1791 was living with his wife, Molly, in Louisa 
County, Virginia, and was in the mercantile business, but in 1796 
he had evidently moved back to Caroline County. Major Charles 
Dick and his son, Colonel Alexander Dick, were both ardent 
patriots. 



566 JOHN EMMETT DICK 

The Tennessee branch of the family furnished Forrest, 
during the Civil War, one of his gallant Captains, who later 
moved to Arkansas; and a Congressman in the person of John 
Dick who moved to Pennsylvania and represented a district of 
that State in the thirty-third, thirty-fourth, and thirty-fifth Con- 
gresses. 

In the Kevolutionary period the northern branch was rep- 
resented by Samuel Dick, who was a delegate to the Continental 
Congress in 1783 and 1784, and later by Samuel B. Dick, of Penn- 
sylvania, who was a Colonel in the Federal Army during the Civil 
War, a railroad president after the war, and a member of the 
forty-sixth Congress. 

General Charles Dick of Ohio was probably descended from 
the Virginia family. He served from the fifty-fifth to the fifty- 
eighth Congresses as a member of the House of Representatives, 
and one term as United States Senator from Ohio. 

John Emmett Dick received his scholastic training at Oak 
Kidge Institute in Guildford County, North Carolina, and began 
his business career as a railroad conductor. In 1905, after sev- 
eral years spent in the mercantile business, he became interested in 
banking and is at this time President of the Bank of Fair Bluff. 
By his own efforts and ability he has gained a recognized posi- 
tion in his community as an able business man of proven in- 
tegrity. A Democrat in his political beliefs, he has never been 
active in a partisan way. Captain Dick is a strong fraternalist, 
holding membership in the order of Railroad Conductors, Masons, 
and the Knights of Pythias. In all of these he has passed the 
chairs, having been Chief Conductor in the order of Railroad 
Conductors, Chancellor Commander in the Knights of Pythias, 
and Worshipful Master in the Masons. 

A Presbyterian, his religious views are those of his Scotch- 
Irish ancestors. He has been married twice, first at Rowland, 
North Carolina, in 1898, to Harriet McNeill Cox, of Alfordsville, 
daughter of Chalmers B. and Catherine McKay Cox. The second 
marriage was contracted at Fair Bluff in 1907 with Frostie Bell 
Anderson, of Fair Bluff, daughter of Bertie A. and Susan C. An- 
derson. The only child of this marriage is Dorothy, born August 
26, 1908. 

Captain Dick's reading and his convictions show him to be 
one of that great mass of conservative citizens who form the 
strength of the country. The Bible, Pilgrim's Progress, Paradise 
Lost, Ridpath's History, and works of that character have been 
his favorite lines of reading. He believes that the State should 
in no way protect any form of vice and, being an advocate of 
temperance, would prohibit the sale of alcoholic liquors as well 
as all harmful drugs. His ideal of statesmanship is high and he 
strongly adheres to the opinion that all our lawmakers should 
be Christian men. 



JOHN EMMETT DICK 567 

A great many men are awakening to the fact that we should 
place in our lawmaking bodies men of the strongest moral in- 
tegrity who will write into our laws the principles of Christian 
ethics. That we have not done this before is largely responsible 
for the economic unrest which is the inevitable result of legisla- 
tion enacted for the selfish interests of the few rather than for 
the general good of the many. 

In all of his lines, paternal and maternal, except the William- 
son line, Captain Dick is of Scotch-Irish descent. The fact that 
North Carolina is to-day the most progressive of the southern 
States is largely due to the fact that this strong element has been 
the controlling force in the life of the State since the Revolu- 
tionary period. 

The original Dick Coat of Arms is described : 

Argent a fesse wavy azure between three stars gules. 

There are several others in various branches of the family, 
but this is the most ancient and is the one adopted with certain 
variations by the principal family which was settled in Mid- 
Lothian. 



.WILLIAM WALTON WALSH 

THE element in our population known as Scotch-Irish has 
made a most distinguished record, especially in the period 
between 1740 and 1800. It was then composed of men 
who were born pioneers, hardy, industrious, thrifty and 
fearless. For sixty years they were always in the van of the 
westward movement so that West Virginia, western North Caro- 
lina, east Tennessee, Kentucky and sections of the Middle West 
were literally made by these hardy people. 

Of this Scotch-Irish stock comes William Walton Walsh, 
of Lynchburg, who (though a mere youth in years) is a business 
leader with a wonderful record of achievement behind him. 

The history of the world is rich in stories of remarkable old 
men and remarkable young men. Gladstone at eighty-four was 
Prime Minister of England, and was matched by Pitt, at twenty- 
six, holding the same office. Von Moltke, the great Prussian 
strategist who fought the Franco-Prussian War when well ad- 
vanced in the seventies, was matched by Napoleon, who at twenty- 
seven was the Conqueror of Italy. We do not have to go abroad 
to find examples of these wonderful young men. George Wash- 
ington, at twenty-two a Virginia Colonel, held for four years 
with a thin regiment three hundred and fifty miles of frontier 
against wily Frenchmen and savage Indians. 

Conditions have changed, and achievement is now measured 
largely by professional or business success ; and it is in business 
lines that W. W. Walsh has already made most successful history. 
He was born in Danville, February 15, 1888, son of Logan W. 
and Mary Catharine (Tuck) Walsh. His father is Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Lynchburg Foundry Company and its asso- 
ciated companies. 

Young Walsh secured his educational training in the public 
schools of Lynchburg, taking the full course, including the High 
School, and eight years ago (then a youth of eighteen) he en- 
tered upon business life as a clerk in the office of the Superin- 
tendent of Construction for the Lynchburg Foundry Company. 
He remained in this position until January 1, 1910, and then, 
not twenty-two, at a time in life when most young men are only 
starting in business, he organized the Mutual Savings Bank and 
Trust Company, with a capital of ten thousand dollars, of which 
he was active manager with the title of Secretary and Treasurer. 
He remained in this position three years until January 1, 1913, 

[568] 



WILLIAM WALTON WALSH 571 

and during that period his stockholders were paid dividends of 
18 per cent, and a surplus of $35,000 was accumulated. This 
surplus, however, was not altogether upon the original ten thou- 
sand dollars for the first year's work was so successful that the 
stockholders increased the capital to twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars in 1911, and to one hundred thousand dollars in 1912. The 
young man had shown the metal that was in him, and gained the 
absolute confidence of the people who had money to invest. 

Aside from this interest, in 1911 he had done some construc- 
tion work on his own account, and during 1912 he carried on con- 
struction work under the firm name of Ivey and Walsh. On 
January 1, 1913, he retired from the active management of the 
Bank, and at that time was made Vice-President. Immediately 
thereafter he organized the Peoples Building Company, of Lynch- 
burg, with a capital of fifty thousand dollars, which did con- 
struction work on a wholesale basis in several Virginia cities. 
The success of the ideas which he had worked out was so great, 
and his plans proved so practicable, that he was able to go 
further afield. He organized the Koanoke Construction Com- 
pany, at Roanoke, Virginia, and the Winston-Salem Construction 
Company, at Winston-Salem, North Carolina. All of these com- 
panies are doing a large business in their respective territories. 
On January 1, 1914, the capital of the Peoples Building Company, 
of Lynchburg, was increased to three hundred thousand dollars. 
All of these concerns, which make a specialty of building resi- 
dences, are not only managed by Mr. Walsh, but he owns the con- 
trolling interest in them. During 1913 they built over two hun- 
dred houses, and in January, 1914 (one month), they contracted 
for eighty-two houses. 

Mr. Walsh is a Director and the Vice-President of the Mutual 
Savings Bank and Trust Company, of Lynchburg ; Vice-President 
and Treasurer of the Peoples Building Company, of Lynchburg; 
President and Treasurer of the Winston-Salem Construction Com- 
pany, Winston-Salein, and General Manager of the Roanoke Con- 
struction Company, of Roanoke. That Mr. Walsh will travel far 
is a foregone conclusion, but best of all, his travel is in the right 
direction. He is of the constructive type, he is a builder up one 
that gives to the public value received for its money ; so that any 
measure of success that has come, or may come, to him is honestly 
earned. 

He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, both in the Blue 
Lodge and Chapter. In social life he holds membership in the 
Piedmont Club, of Lynchburg. Religiously, he is identified with 
the First Christian Church of Lynchburg, in which he holds the 
office of Deacon. 

He was married September 28, 1909, at Banner Elk, Wau- 
tauga County, North Carolina, to Sallie Louise Whitehead, born 



572 WILLIAM WALTON WALSH 

at that place September 30, 1888, daughter of James W. and 
Jennie V. Whitehead. They have one daughter, Thelma White- 
head Walsh, born December 6, 1912. Mrs. Whitehead's father Is 
a large landowner and stock raiser of eastern Tennessee and 
western Northern Carolina and is a man of large wealth. Mr. 
Walsh's maternal grandfather, Tuck, was for a long time prin- 
cipal of the Danville Schools, until his death in 1887. His 
maternal grandmother, Tuck, nee Sarah A. Nally, was the bearer 
of an old Virginia name. 

Mr. Walsh's paternal grandfather, Kev. Dr. John Tomline 
Walsh, was one of the distinguished men of his generation. He 
was born in Hanover County, Virginia, February 15, 1816, son 
of William Walsh, who was one of four brothers, the other three 
being Dickerson, Abner and James. The family was founded in 
Virginia by four Scotch-Irish brothers, who came to the State 
prior to the Kevolutionary War but not all of them remained 
in Virginia, some moving further west. Dr. John T. Walsh 
was a posthumous child his father dying of hemorrhage of the 
lungs four days before he was born. His mother was a frail 
woman, and as a boy he was exceedingly small and very delicate. 
Though he had a long life, his health w^as never robust. Arriving 
at manhood, he entered the ministry of the Methodist Church, 
after a brief period of school teaching, and was making his way 
as a minister when he became dissatisfied with his religious 
affiliation and allied himself with the Baptist Church. Evidently 
he was a man given to very keen self-examination and analysis, 
and his conscience was still not satisfied, and to put it in words 
that the layman will understand, he could not see how the Bap- 
tists could reject Apostolic succession and practice baptismal 
succession. All this resulted in his finally allying himself with 
the Christian Church, of which Alexander Campbell was the 
founder and at that time the great leader. He studied medicine, 
graduated in due course, and from then until the end of his long 
life he divided his time between the practice of medicine and the 
work of a missionary preacher, covering large sections of Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina ; and not satisfied with these abundant 
labors he became an editor of religious publications, a poet of no 
small merit and an author of note. He was a man of unusual 
ability and magnetic personality. Everywhere he went people 
were drawn to him, but he lived in a time when liberality was 
not a cardinal virtue among the saints, with the result that his 
passion for preaching the Gospel chained him down to a life of 
most narrow means. He lived worthily and well. Dr. Walsh 
did a great work in his day and left his imprint upon his 
generation. 

He was twice married. His first wife was Eliza Ann Beazley. 
Of this marriage there were five sons and three daughters. He 



WILLIAM WALTON WALSH 573 

outlived seven of these eight children. His second wife was 
Miss E. J. Green, of Jones County, North Carolina, and of this 
marriage there were six children four sons and two daughters. 
Of these Logan W. Walsh, father of William W. Walsh, was the 
third child and second son. 

The first record of the W T alsh family in Virginia is of Thomas 
W T alsh, who came with Captain John Upton to Isle of Wight 
County in 1643 but this family evidently bears no connection 
with that early immigrant. 

Of the four brothers reported to have come over about the 
middle of the eighteenth century, and who founded this family, 
apparently John, Patrick and Thomas Walsh were three. The 
name of the fourth cannot be stated. From these, numerous 
descendants are now scattered abroad throughout our country, 
as useful citizens in every generation as their pioneer forefathers 
were in theirs. 

The Coat of Arms of the Walsh family of Ireland is thus 
described : 

"Argent an inescutcheon gules; in chief three martlets of 
the last. 

''Crest : A cubit arm holding a tilting-spear, proper." 



ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURN 

IT IS a far cry from Kittery, Maine, to Chadbourn, North 
Carolina. The distance in space, however, and the difference 
in environment have both been bridged by the work of one 
American family, which for two hundred and eighty years 
has been identified with the life and growth of southwestern 
Maine ; one branch of which, now in the third generation, is doing 
the same constructive w^ork in North Carolina, where it has 
created one of the largest and most flourishing towns in Colum- 
bus County, which bears the name of that family. 

A notable member of this family was President Paul A. 
Chadbourn, the fifth President of Williams College, who, though 
he died at the age of sixty, had a long and distinguished record 
as a scholar and scientist. After considerable research, he said 
the name of the family belonged to that class which is derived 
from a locality, and the first man who bore it was "a dweller by 
the ford." He also promulgated the idea, which others had held 
before him, that the family name was derived from St. Chad 
(or Ceadda), an English ecclesiastic who died in 672 A. D. This, 
however, seems to be rather fanciful in view of the fact that 
very few of our modern family names can be traced back to the 
seventh century, surnames having come into use at a much later 
period. 

Twelve variations in the spelling of the family name are 
found in old documents and records. These are: Chadbourn, 
Chadbourne, Chadben, Chadbon, Chadborn, Chadboun, Chadburn, 
Chadburne, Chatbun, Chatburn, Shadburn, and, most curious of 
all, Chadbou. 

The first of this family to come to America was Humphrey 
Chadbourn, who emigrated in 1631 from Devonshire, England. A 
large number of the early Maine settlers came from Dartmouth 
or Kingsware, two English towns which lie on opposite banks 
of the River Dart in the County of Devon. No record is found 
of what Humphrey did in the first year or two in the new 
country, but on July 8, 1634, he appeared in what is now Kittery 
with two companions, James Wall and John Goddard, in a vessel 
which bore the name of the "Pied Cow." They evidently named 
the cove on which they landed after the name of the ship, for it 
is known as "Cow Cove" to this day. These three men had come 
to that part of the new country for the purpose of carrying out 
a contract with Captain John Mason, who was a patentee of 

[574] 




-/- 




IDT 



ARTHUR STANLY CIIADBOURX .) i 7 

lands in that section, and who wanted a sawmill erected. This 
was probably the tirst sawmill in New England, as Plymouth 
had only been founded fourteen years before. The three men 
engaged to work for Mason for five years. Then they were each 
to have fifty acres of land on lease for the duration of three lives, 
or generations, for which they were to pay an animal rental of 
three bushels of corn. Mason did not live to carry out his con- 
tract, as he died in 1635. But (Jhadbourn and Wall carried it to 
completion, and eighteen years later, on the 21st of March, 1652, 
James Wall made a quaint deposition in which he recited the 
story of their work for Captain John Mason, of London. Accord- 
ing to him, they were landed by Mr. Joreslenn, the agent of Cap- 
tain Mason, with their goods and tools, at a place which bore 
the Indian name of Newichawannock. Wall deposed that the 
agreement was that they should build at the falls known by the 
Indian name Ashbenbedick, for the use of Captain Mason and 
themselves, one sawmill, and one stamping mill for corn. The 
contract was fulfilled and the plants operated for three or four 
years. In addition to this, James Wall built one house on the 
land and William Chadbourn built another, which he gave to 
his son-in-law, Thomas Spencer, who, at the date of the deposi- 
tion, was living in said house. James Wall related that they 
bought some planted (cleared) land of the Indians, and held 
peaceable and quiet possession of this land, which they cultivated 
during the period referred to. 

In 1634 Humphrey was followed to the new country by ins 
father, William Chadbourn, who had probably reached middle 
life before he emigrated, and evidently lived to be an old man. 
He was alive in 1652, as his name appears on the act of sub- 
mission to the Colony of Massachusetts, signed on November 16, 
1652, by forty-one inhabitants of Kittery. William Chadbourn, 
who was, therefore, the progenitor of this family in America, had 
three children: William, Jr., Humphrey, and Patience. 

Kittery lies across the Piscataqua River, opposite the city 
of Portsmouth, New Hampshire. William, Jr., lived certainly 
for a time in Portsmouth. He had a daughter, Mary, born in 
Boston in 1644, who married John Frost, of Dover, New Hamp- 
shire. It is believed that this family returned to England. 
Patience, the daughter of William, Sr., married Thomas Spencer, 
planter, lumberman and tavern-keeper at Berwick. According 
to James Wall, Thomas Spencer was a son-in-law of Humphrey 
Chadbourn, but this statement in the old documents would indi- 
cate that he was his brother-in-law. Another old document states 
that he was born about the year 1600. This would clearly prove 
that Thomas Spencer was his brother-in-law, and not his son- 
in-law. This document recites that he came over in the bark 
"Warwick" and landed on September 9, 1631, that his first work 



578 ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURN 

was as chief carpenter for David Thompson, a patentee of lands, 
and he built what was known as the Great House at Strawberry 
Bank, now Portsmouth, New Hampshire. This house was origi- 
nally built as a block-house for defense against the Indians, 
but it subsequently became a trading-house. Humphrey Chad- 
bourn became an influential man in his community. He had a 
large landed estate. One authority, Hubbard, calls Humphrey 
Chadbourn "chief of the artificers." Thomas Bailey Aldrich, in 
his delightful work on Portsmouth, entitled "An Old Town by 
the Sea," after reciting the facts about the building of "the Great 
House," said that Mr. Chadbourn consciously or unconsciously 
sowed seed from which a city has sprung. 

After settling at Kittery, Humphrey Chadbourn prospered 
greatly. It is probable that he succeeded Ambrose Gibbons as 
steward, or agent, for Captain Mason at that place. On May 10, 
1643, he bought of the Indian Sagamore, Howies (or Boles), a 
large tract of land, which land for the most part remained in 
the hands of his descendants for more than tw r o hundred years. 
In 1651 and 1652 he received a grant from the Governor for about 
three hundred acres in Kittery. 

Miss Sarah Orne Jewett speaks of Humphrey Chadbourn 
as "the lawgiver of Kittery." In 1651 he was elected a selectman, 
corresponding to the alderman of our day. He was Ensign of 
the Militia in 1653. Like all the other pioneers he had to bear 
his part in the ferocious little wars with the Indians. From 
1654 to 1659 he was town clerk. In 1657, 1659 and 1660 he repre- 
sented his district as a Deputy to the General Court, Avhich cor- 
responds to our modern legislature, and which title is yet used in 
some of the New England States in that sense. In 1662 he was 
appointed one of the associate judges for the County of York. 
His will, a long and interesting document, bears the date of 
May 25, 1667. He mentions his wife, Lucy, his eldest son, 
Humphrey, his younger sons, James and William, and his little 
daughters, Lucy, Alyce, and Katherine. He left an estate con- 
sisting of farms, mills, and timberlands; his total landed estate 
appearing to have been nine hundred acres, and the inventory 
of his estate showed the value of 1,713 pounds and 14 shillings, 
which, for that time, was an enormous estate. 

Humphrey Chadbourn's wife was Lucy, daughter of James 
and Katherine Shapleigh Trewargy, of Kittery. His wife was 
much younger than himself, and after his death married Thomas 
Wills, of Kittery. Humphrey's son, Humphrey, was born in 
1663 and died in 1694. James died about 1686. William was 
taken prisoner by the Indians, and released at Pemaguid, or 
Penobscot, when Major Waldern's expedition went East in 1(176. 
We have no record of William having married. James, son of 
Humphrey, lived in Kittery, obtained a number of grants of 



ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURN 579 

land, was a trustee of the estate of John Heard, and in a deed 
described himself as "The Proprietor or High Lord of the Soyle." 
He married, between 1675 and 1680, Elizabeth, daughter of James 
and Shuah Heard, and granddaughter of John Heard. He died 
about 1686, and his widow later married Samuel Small. The 
children of this James were: Lucia, born in 1681, who married 
Jeremiah Calef ; and James, born in 1684, who lived until 1765. 

This second James became one of the founders of the town 
of Sanford, Maine, and head of what was known as the Sanford 
branch of the Chadbourn family. He was born September 20, 
1684. In 1703 he received a grant of land in Kittery, and in 
1732 served as a selectman. In 1739 he was one of the grantees 
of forty "settlers' lots," of 130 acres, in the new town, called 
Phillipstown, which was incorporated in 1768 as Sanford. He 
received two of these lots and moved with his family to the new 
town. He was at this time sixty-five years of age. He built 
Chadbourn's block-house and also the second saw and grist mill 
in the town. These mills were located on the Mousam River, 
which site in 1904 was occupied by one of the mills of the Goodall 
plush plant. 

James Chadbourn was active in all town affairs, and four 
of his sons served in the Indian wars. He died April 9, 1765. 
He had married on September 24, 1713, Sarah, daughter of Cap- 
tain John Hatch and widow of Joshua Downing. They had 
seven children : James, John, Samuel, Sarah, Elizabeth, Lucia, 
and Joshua. Sarah married Tobias Leighton ; Elizabeth married, 
first, Joseph Shorey, and secondly, Joseph Libbey, and Lucia 
married Benjamin Fernald. 

It was John, the second son, born March 23, 1716, and who 
died April 5, 1789, who was the progenitor of the North Carolina 
family. He moved with his father to the new town of Sanford, 
and later purchased one of these settlers' lots, of which record 
was made on September 30, 1757, the consideration being sixty 
pounds. With his brothers, James and Joshua, he served in 
Captain Jonathan Bean's Company in the Indian wars of 1747 
and 1748. He was a Sergeant in Captain William Gerrish's 
Company in 1759 and 1760. He was one of the owners of the 
Chadbourn mills. On February 29, 1756, with his brother Joshua, 
he joined the First Congregational Church of Wells. He married 
December, 1741, Mary, daughter of Nathan and Elizabeth Spin- 
ney, of Kittery. They had children Eleazar, James, and Polly. 
James, son of John, was born in Sanford February 4, 1758, and 
died there May 18, 1839. He was a farmer, and during the 
Kevolutionary War served in Major Littlefield's detachment 
from York County, on the Penobscot expedition, from July to 
September, 1779. He married Deborah, daughter of Deacon 
Naphtali and Anna Harmon. His wife was a sister of the wife 



580 ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURN 

of his brother, Eleazar. She was born May 8, 1760, and evidently 
died before her husband. Their children were : Benjamin, Lucy, 
Nathaniel V., Levi, Mehitabel, Anna, George, Mary, Theodate, 
and William. 

George was born in Sanford February 1, 1797, and died 
there April 20, 1878. He was a school teacher and farmer. He 
married, on January 18, 1820, Asenath, daughter of Stephen and 
Betsey Hobbs, of Sanford, who was born December 1, 1799, and 
survived him nearly fourteen years, her death occurring on 
January 15, 1892, in* her ninety-third year. Their children were : 
Stephen Hobbs, Josephine Hobbs, James Harmon, Betsey Hobbs, 
George, Lucy H., and William Hobbs. 

James Harmon Chadbourn, who was in the eighth genera- 
tion from William, was born in Sanford November 26, 1822, and 
died at Wilmington, North Carolina, January 12, 1902. He was 
educated in the public schools of Sanford and Alfred, and at the 
famous old Phillips Andover Academy. He went to North Caro- 
lina in 1844, a young man of twenty-two, and engaged in the tur- 
pentine business at Shallotte, Brunswick County. Later he re- 
moved to Wilmington, where he was joined by his brother George. 
They established in 1851 the lumber firm of James H. Chadboum 
and Company, later known as the Chadbourn Lumber Company, 
and which for many years has been one of the foremost lumber 
concerns in the Southern States. James H. Chadbourn was Presi- 
dent of this company until the end of his life. In 1871 they were 
joined by another brother, William H. Chadbourn, who became 
a partner in the business. It is said of this Wilmington Chad- 
bourn firm that these brothers were so closely united in their 
operations and sentiments that they seemed to the outside people 
to be actuated as by one mind. 

All three of the brothers were prominent men in the com- 
munity, and James H. Chadbourn enjoyed many positions of 
trust and honor because of his known capacity and integrity. 
As the sons of the three brothers arrived at manhood, thev were 

/ ^ 

one after the other taken into the business. The extent of their 
operations may be judged by the fact that they built, equipped 
and operated a railroad fifty-one miles long for the convenience 
of their own business. Naturally, like many other of these tim- 
ber roads it grew into a public carrier. 

The town of Chadbourn, the first settlers of which were 
on the ground before James H. Chadbourn moved to North Caro- 
lina, became the center of their operations and has profited by 
the steady support of the Chadbourn interests. The Chadbourns 
were far-seeing men. They did not believe in merely cutting 
away the timber and leaving nothing in its place. They encour- 
aged farming on these cut-over lands. Chadboum is peculiarly 
situated in a climatic way, which gives it great advantages in 



ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURX 581 

the trucking industry, and it has become one of the greatest 
trucking towns of the South. While the strawberry is the prin- 
cipal crop, all kinds of early vegetables are grown, and it has 
developed into a cheerful little town, with banks and fine stores, 
supported by a most prosperous farming community. 

James H. Chadbourn served the people of Wilmington long 
and faithfully. Thirty years a member of the School Board, he 
gave invaluable service in the building up of the public school 
system. He was for a long period a director in the Oakdale 
Cemetery Company and also a director in the Wilmington Com- 
press and Warehouse Company. It was through his influence 
that the property of the Tileston Normal School was presented 
to the city for a public high school. He was a vestryman of St. 
James Episcopal Church. Some writer, in speaking of him, said : 
"He was a man of broad benevolence, truly a benefactor, and his 
life has been a blessing to Wilmington." 

He married, November 18, 1858, Mary Ann Bluxome, of 
Philadelphia. Their children were: Serena, born November 19, 
1859 ; Joseph Bluxome, born October 27, 1861, who died October 
24, 1903; Georgianna, who died in infancy; Charles Cumston, 
born May 3, 1866; Secretary and Treasurer of the Chadbourn 
Lumber Company, and Lizzy, born July 24, 1868, died Decem- 
ber 5, 1897. She married, on January 18, 1892, R. B. Rorison, 
and left two children, Harmon and John Lee Rorison. The 
sixth child was Walter Harmon, who died very young. The 
seventh was Stephen Hobbs, born December 6, 1872, who married, 
January 8, 1897, Gertrude Leslie Cunningham. The eighth child 
was Annie, who died young, as did the ninth, Louise. Joseph 
Bluxome, the oldest son of James Harmon, married Lizzy Stanly 
and left only one son, Arthur Stanly, born December 4, 1892. 

Joseph Bluxome Chadbourn grew up and took his part in 
the business, and died in 1903. His son, Arthur Stanly Chad- 
bourn, a present representative of that branch of the family, 
who is in the tenth generation from William Chadbourn, founder 
of the American family, was born at Chadbourn, December 4, 
1892. Mr. Chadbourn was educated in the Chadbourn High 
School, the Staunton Military Academy and Randolph Macon 
College. Like the large majority of his family, he is an active 
member of the Presbyterian Church, and is active in Sunday- 
school work. As he is not yet twenty-four years of age, and 
unmarried, his record is to be made, but he has, at the outset, 
unusual advantages. 

These advantages may be summed up as an inheritance 
through ten generations of men who have been able to meet 
every emergency, and have given evidence of superior ability. 
The New England family to which they belonged drew its strength 
chiefly from the fact of living in a harsh climate with a 



582 ARTHUR STANLY CHADBOURX 

soil not over fertile, and this, of necessity, developed resource- 
fulness and adaptability. Wherever they have located, these 
New Englanders, like the Scotch, have achieved success and have 
almost universally been influential members of the community 
in which they have cast their lot. A believer in sound ethics, 
Arthur S. Chadbourn starts life with the proposition that it is 
not only his own duty, but that of all other men, to co-operate 
to the extent of their opportunity and ability toward the better- 
ment of mankind, not only in a material, but also in a moral 
way, recognizing the fact that material prosperity not based 
on sound morality cannot endure. 

His mother's family name, Stanly, is one of the great his- 
toric names of England, and the family has evidently made a 
record in North Carolina, for the name has been given to one 
of the counties in the State. One of the staunchest patriots of 
the Revolutionary War in North Carolina was John Wright 
Stanly, born in Pennsylvania about 1742. He went to North 
Carolina in 1770, built up a great business, and was a man of 
unusual ability and great generosity. He is said to have loaned 
General Greene, during his great campaign, eighty thousand 
dollars, a great sum in those days, which a grateful government 
never repaid. He died at the age of fifty. A grandson, Edward, 
was Attorney-General of the State in 1847, and was a member 
of the twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, twenty-seventh, thirty-first and 
thirty-second Congresses. 

The Chadbourn family does not appear in the old country 
to have been numerous, and the Coat of Arms attributed to it is 
described as follows: 

Argent, a griffin segreant. 

Crest: a demi griffin. 



PUB. 



** 





JOHN HENRY BALLANCE 

BALLANCE is an English family name found in that great 
middle class in England, which, by its labors, both at home 
and abroad, has, during the last five centuries, contributed 
so much to the making of the British Empire. It is the 
lack of the corresponding class in other countries which has en- 
abled England to forge to the front. It is largely from this class 
of Englishmen that have come those bold spirits who have been 
ever ready to go into far distant and new fields, undeterred by 
difficulties of climate or barbarous peoples. John Henry Bal- 
lance, of Dunn, North Carolina, is a present day representative 
of this Ballance family, who has exhibited all the strong quali- 
ties of the class from which he is descended. 

John Henry Ballance was born at Fremont, Wayne County, 
North Carolina, April 6, 1863, son of Harry Bryant and Ava A. 
(Jones) Ballance. Harry Bryant Ballance was a merchant and 
farmer, but those were fearsome days in North Carolina, and 
the son grew up with no other educational advantages than were 
to be found in a few short terms in the country schools. His life 
was spent on the farm until October, 1885, when he engaged in 
mercantile business with D. D. Peele, under the firm name of 
Peele and Ballance. In October, 1886, Dr. R. E. Cox purchased 
Peele's interest and the firm became Cox and Ballance. In 
October, 1887, they sold this establishment, and in January, 
1888, they formed a partnership to trade in horses and mules, 
Mr. Ballance being the manager, operating in Dunn. 

In 1890, Winslow Brothers, then of Goldsboro, North Caro- 
lina, now of Kansas City, bought Dr. Cox's interest, the firm 
name now being J. H. Ballance and Company. 

In 1892, Mr. Ballance sold his interest in the trade and 
removed to a farm which he had purchased, where he remained 
for two years, when he returned to Dunn, engaging again in the 
live stock business with T. L. Gerald and Winslow Brothers as 
partners. They operated under the firm name of J. H. Ballance 
and Company until 1904, when the firm was succeeded by J. H. 
Ballance, who directed the business himself until 1911, at which 
time he took into partnership James B. Lee and L. H. Lee, Jr. 

Mr. Ballance has had an unusual experience. He says that 
all his relations have been pleasant with his various partners 
and that his business has been uniformly profitable. From 1906 

to 1911 he was interested in the lumber business with Mr. G. L. 

[ 585 ] 



586 JOHN HENRY BALLANCE 

Pope as partner, under the firm name of Pope and Ballance, and 
in this partnership he had the same experience as in the others. 

This brief report indicates very clearly that Mr. Ballance is a 
fair man in his dealings, otherwise he would not have found it 
easy to work through these many years amicably with so many 
different associates. He has made a substantial success of his 
commercial operations, and his business qualifications have 
gained recognition in his community, as shown by his election as 
Vice-President of the Dunn Banking Company and as Vice- 
President of the First National Bank of Dunn. He is also an 
Alderman of the town, and has served as a United States Deputy 
Marshal. His business code is short and pithy, and can be very 
briefly summarized in one paragraph, which is this : 

"Don't borrow more than you can pay back promptly. Dis- 
count your bills ; you can buy goods cheaper and you can never 
be in any danger of bankruptcy." 

He married near Newton Grove, North Carolina, October 
22, 1890, Electa Lee, daughter of Jeremiah and Kitsy Lee. 

The first record we have of the Ballance family in America 
is of John Ballance, who came to Virginia, on the ship "Mer- 
chants' Hope," in July, 1635, a youth of nineteen. He evidently 
became the founder of a family, for, though the name disappeared 
from Virginia, it is found in eastern North Carolina in 1728, 
when the Commissioners who were settling the boundary between 
the Colonies of Virginia and North Carolina encamped overnight 
on Kobert Ballance's plantation, a little to the southward of 
Northwest Kiver bridge. This was in Currituck County. 

At a meeting of the Council held at New Bern, November 22, 
1744, among the list of petitioners for land grants was James 
Ballance, for two hundred acres of land in Currituck. 

The next evidence of the activity of the family is the record 
of Leven Ballance, who was a ^Revolutionary soldier, and who 
received a pension after the war. The family had greatly multi- 
plied by the Kevolutionary period, and among the heads of fami- 
lies appeared in Craven County, Benjamin and Joshua Ballance, 
and in Currituck County, Daniel, Jervan, William, Thomas, 
John and Willis Ballance. Evidently they belonged to that 
class of steady-going farmers who, despite all backsets, have 
finally built up in North Carolina the progressive State of the 
South. 

One branch of the family moved west into Kentucky. A son 
of that branch was one of the early settlers at Peoria, Illinois, 
who became very prominent there, having served in the Black 
Hawk Indian War, and having been Mayor of the town. His son, 
or grandson, John Green Ballance, entered West Point in 1871, 
and was commissioned an Officer in the Kegular Army in 1875. 
Still further west, in Denver, Colorado, for a number of years 




JOHN HENRY BALLANCE 587 

Kobert Ballance was General Foreman of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton and Quincy Railroad. He may have been an offshoot from 
this Illinois family. 

A great man of this name, and one of the greatest men of 
the nineteenth century, is almost unknown in America. An 
Englishman born, and graduated at Oxford University, he went 
to New Zealand with high ideals and with a frail body. Men 
called him a dreamer ; others, less charitable, called him a social- 
ist and an anarchist, but the event has proven that John Ballance. 
of New Zealand, was one of the greatest statesmen of the century. 
He found one of the most beautiful and fertile countries of the 
world in the grasp of a few selfish landowners, the individual 
holdings of quite a number of them running into millions of 
acres each. They had strangled the industries of the country 
and reduced the people to poverty in order to accumulate millions 
of money for themselves. Ballance had far-reaching schemes of 
reform and fought a one-sided battle with these land barons. 
They easily defeated him in the first struggle, but the conditions 
favored him. He attracted to his assistance Richard Seddon, a 
self-made man, who had commenced life as a miner. Seddon had 
the physical strength which Ballance lacked, and with that 
strength an iron will. 

In 1890 they won the battle at the polls, overturned the old 
administration in New Zealand, and Ballance became Premier. 
He did not live to see the fruits of victory, but, foreseeing the 
shortness of his time, he laid down all the plans and impressed 
the facts upon Seddon's mind. 

John Ballance died in 1892. The land barons were greatly 
pleased at his demise, because they conceived the idea that he had 
no successor. Seddon, however, became Premier and held power 
for fifteen years, which was sufficient to wear out even his great 
strength, and when he died, a few years back, he left New Zealand 
the most prosperous country on the globe, the most advanced in 
its institutions, and with the most enlightened voting population. 
It is to-day the most purely democratic country in the world, 
and its economic system is an admirable model which might be 
copied with advantage by other countries. New Zealand owes all 
to John Ballance and to his successor, Dick Seddon, but Ballance 
was the genius that planned everything and foresaw everything, 
and his memory is cherished in that country even as we cherish 
that of George Washington. 



SAMUEL MITCHELL BRINSON 

SAMUEL MITCHELL BRINSON, Superintendent of Public 
Instruction of Craven County, North Carolina, was born in 
New Bern, in that State, March 20, 1870. His parents 
were William George Brinson and Kitty Chestnut Brinson. 
The Brinson family came to this country from the north of 
Ireland, where they emigrated from England in Cromwell's time. 
In a careful survey of the records of Craven County we find 
that the name Brinson is associated with the early history of 
that section, a land grant having been issued to Casin Brinson 
at a Council held at New Bern, March 21, 1747, for two hundred 
acres of land in Currituck County. In the Militia returns of 
1754-1757, we see the name of Cassin Brison in the list of Field 
Officers of the Regiment of Craven. The names of Matthew Brin- 
son, Adam Brinson, and George Brinson appear in Captain Shack- 
elford's Company, Onslow County, 1754-1755. The patriotism of 
the Brinson family is shown in the record of Hilary Brinson, 
private soldier in the Revolutionary War. That Samuel Mitchell 
Brinson's ancestors insisted upon freedom of religious thought 
is evidenced by the fact that in the early Colonial days a Brinson 
forbear refused to subscribe to all of the articles of the Estab- 
lished Church, and in consequence of his loyalty to his religious 
convictions, was punished as a "dissenter." It is on account of 
the stand of men of his kind that the United States is recognized 
to-day as the home of religious liberty. 

Through his paternal grandmother, Samuel Mitchell Brinson 
is not less interestingly connected. She was a descendant of 
Franz Louis Michel, a Swiss gentleman, who, with Baron Chris- 
toph Von Graffenried, brought the Swiss and Germans to Caro- 
lina and founded the town of New Bern in the year 1710. 

Previous to this time there lived in that portion of Germany, 
situated on both sides of the River Rhine, known as the 
Palatinate, a people who had suffered great tribulations. As 
Germany had been the battlefield of Europe for many years, the 
Palatinate, bordering on France and Germany, had been the 
Province most subjected to the ravages of war. It is small 
wonder that these border people, inhabitants of Switzerland and 
Germany, who faced a poverty that had existed for years, owing 
to the devastation of their property by war, should be in a state 
of great unrest. And added to their destitute condition was the 

[588] 



SAMUEL MITCHELL BRINSOX 591 

political oppression of the times and the knowledge of the 
religious persecution of their forefathers. 

The Swiss Palatines, moved by a great hope of relief from 
the then existing conditions, sent Franz Louis Michel, a former 
citizen of Berne, Switzerland, and a brave and intelligent gentle- 
man, to seek for them a new home in America. John Lawson, 
the historian, was a friend of Mr. Michel. In Lawson's Journal, 
page 206, he has the following in reference to Franz Louis 
Michel's commission. 

"This gentleman has been employed by the Canton of Berne 
to find out a tract of land in the English America, where that 
Republick might settle some of their people; which proposal, I 
believe, is now in a fair way towards a conclusion between her 
Majesty of Great Britain and that Canton. Which must needs 
be of great advantage to both ; and as for ourselves, I believe, no 
Man that is in his Wits, and understands the Situation and 
Affair of America, but will allow, nothing can be of more security 
and Advantage to the Crown and subjects of Great Britain, than 
to have our Frontiers secured by a Warlike People, and our 
Friends as the Switzers are; especially when we have more 
Indians than we can civilize, and so many Christian Enemies 
lying on the back of us, that we do not know how long or short 
a time it may be before they visit us." 

As the Berne Canton requested to be allowed to hold what- 
ever lands they should buy independently of either the Lords 
Proprietors of Carolina, or the Governor of Virginia, their 
request could not be granted, and nothing definite was accom- 
plished by Franz Louis Michel at this time. An independent 
colonization project was started, however, and in 1708 Mr. 
Michel, who up to that time had been living in London, had 
returned to Berne. He persuaded Baron Christoph Von Graffen- 
ried, a Swiss nobleman, to embark for the New World. Christopli 
Von Graffenried was to go to America, following Mr. Michel's 
directions and maps, and find silver ore, which he and Mr. Michel 
should mine, and accordingly Christoph Von Graffenried de- 
parted for London. In that city he became acquainted with 
John Lawson, who had been in Carolina eight years and had 
taken a journey from Charleston, South Carolina, to a point near 
the present site of New Bern. Lawson confirmed Mr. Michel's 
report about the existence of ore, and Christoph Von Graffenried 
made every preparation for his departure. Now, there were 
living in London at this time hundreds of German Palatines, 
who had come to England on account of proffered assistance by 
Queen Anne. Baron Christoph Von Graffenried persuaded some 
six hundred of these German Palatines to try their fortunes 
with Mr. Michel's Swiss emigrants, who were preparing to go to 
America. Contracts were drawn up, and on April 28, 1709, Franz 



592 SAMUEL MITCHELL BRINSON 

Louis Michel was at Craven House, submitting a petition to His 
Grace, the Duke of Beaufort, both on his own behalf and on that 
of the Palatines. Mr. Michel having reported favorably on a 
site between the rivers Neuse and Trent, the combined company 
embarked for their new home. The town thus founded by Franz 
Louis Michel and Baron Christoph Von Graffenried was called 
New Bern, after the Swiss capital of Berne. As a tribute to 
Franz Louis Michel's wise selection of a favorable site, emigrants 
poured in, and by the middle of the century the Koyal Governors 
made New Bern their Capital. It was here that the magnificent 
Colonial mansion, which surpassed any structure of its kind in 
the Americas, was erected for Governor Tryon. And in this old 
town, the history of which teems with references to his ancestors, 
and their doings in Colonial and later days, the subject of this 
sketch, Samuel Mitchell Brinson, spent his boyhood years. 

His early education was obtained in the New Bern graded 
schools. After finishing high school he attended Wake Forest 
College, graduating from this institution with the A. B. degree. 
He read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1895. For several 
years Mr. Brinson devoted himself to the practice of law ; but as 
his ideal of service to his fellow men is to develop the best type 
of education, he is now lending his energies and talents with 
single-minded earnestness to the duties of Superintendent of 
Public Instruction. 

He has served as Past Grand Regent of the Eoyal Arcanum, 
of North Carolina, and at present is Supreme Guide, Royal Arca- 
num. He is actively engaged in church work, and for years 
has served as Deacon in the First Baptist Church, at New Bern. 

Mr. Brinson married at Salisbury, North Carolina, January 
16, 1901, Ruth Martin Scales, daughter of Major Nathaniel Eld- 
ridge Scales and Minnie Lord Scales. Mrs. Brinson was born at 
Knoxville, Tennessee, March 28, 1878. Of this marriage one 
child, Mary Steele Brinson, has been born. She is fourteen years 
of age and is a student in the New Bern graded school. ^This 
child, through her mother, is a direct lineal descendant of the 
Revolutionary patriot, Elizabeth Maxwell Steele, who in the 
winter of 1781 presented to General Greene then stopping at 
her home in Salisbury, North Carolina the bag of gold to help 
the patriot army, which was then in great need. 




WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 

ILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO, of Wellfords, Virginia, is 
descended from one of the most distinguished families 
of western Europe. It is rather hard to classify from a 
national point of view, because it was originally Bur- 
gundian, then French, then Holland Dutch, and lastly American. 
Strictly speaking, however, this family belongs to France, its 
original habitat having been in the old Dukedom of Burgundy, 
a large part of w r hich is included in what we now know as Bel- 
gium. The family history is one of exceeding interest and will 
be referred to later. 

William Joseph Delano was born in Richmond County, Vir- 
ginia, on December 10, 1855, son of Joseph Patterson and Lucinda 
(Self) Delano. The family has been identified with this sec- 
tion of Virginia since 1820, when Mr. Delano's grandfather, Cap- 
tain George Delano, moved south from New England and settled 
near Oldhams. His father was a farmer, and the son, growing 
up on a Virginia farm, received a common school education. 
On entering business he devoted his attention to agriculture, and 
to this interest he has adhered through life, but has added others. 
Sawmilling, real estate and lumber have all commanded a share 
of his time, and he has made a substantial success of his busi- 
ness operations. Mr. Delano tells that he earned his first dollar 
at the age of twelve, and was so proud of it that he kept it and 
has it to this day. He has been a hard-working, public-spirited, 
useful citizen, has served as a member of the Board of Super- 
visors for Richmond County, and his active interest in the build- 
ing of bridges and in the improvement of the public roads has 
been most highly commended in the local press. He is certainly 
entitled to be classed as a progressive citizen, and all the world 
admires energy and progress. He is an Independent in politics, 
and, in matters of faith, he is a Baptist and a deacon of his 
church. 

Patriotism is one of the virtues of Mr. Delano. Through 
life he has been governed by a principle which he thinks should 
actuate every good citizen, that is, love of country and unsparing 
effort to promote its welfare. He has other sound convictions. 
He believes that every man should be dealt with on exactly the 
same plane of equity, whether he be rich or poor. He loves farm- 
ing, because to him it seems to be the most independent life, 
and though he has found other lines of business, such as real 

[ 595] 



596 WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 

estate, profitable, these things have never alienated him from 
his first love for the land. In his reading he says that he has 
never found any book more helpful than the Bible. W. J. Delano 
is one of those plain, unassuming citizens, seeking no preferment, 
performing their daily duties with fidelity, and contributing by 
lives of useful industry to the making of the nation. He comes of 
a remarkable family stock noted not only for high character and 
for good work, but for large families in nearly every generation, 
as shown by the Delano Book, a remarkable compilation of the 
records of the American and European family. 

Mr. Delano was married in Richmond County, Virginia, 
August 28, 1878, to Virginia Elizabeth Packett, daughter of Eli 
P. and Ella S. (Sisson) Packett. To them have been born twelve 
children, of whom eleven are living, as follows: Eli Patterson, 
Ella Susan, Cleveland Otis, George Milton, Arthur William, 
Laura Virginia, Lilly May, Randolph, Herbert Packett, Claude 
Lyell and Minnie Ruth Delano. Of these, Eli Patterson Delano 
married Minnie Evelyn Kennedy. They have two children : 
Marian Evelyn and William Allen Delano. Ella Susan married 
Emory E. Packett. They have five children : Harry Leonard, 
Virginia Louise, Florence Gertrude, Mabel Irene and William 
Randolph Packett. Cleveland Otis Delano married Ann Eliza- 
beth Muse. George Milton Delano married Maude Virginia 
Douglas. 

The history of this family has been referred to. It is con- 
tained in a huge volume published in New York in 1899 entitled 
"Genealogy, History and Alliances of the American House of 
Delano, 1621 to 1899," "compiled by Major Joel Andrew Delano, 
with the history and heraldry of the Maison de Franchiniont and 
de Lannoy to Delano, 1096 to 1621, and the royal ancestry of 
Lannoy from Guelph, Prince of the Scyrri, to Philippe de Lan- 
noy, 476 A. D. to 1621, including other royal lines and a list of 
the Lannoy Chevaliers De La Toison D'or (Golden Fleece), and 
arranged by Mortimer Delano de Lannoy, pursuivant-of-arnies, a 
member of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 
Societe Suisse D'Heraldique and Herold Society Zu Berlin.-' 
This combined history covers an authentic record of eight hun- 
dred and three years. Back of that, however, is given what pur- 
ports to be the record back to the year 382 A. D. This claims 
descent for the family from Priam, King of the Franks in that 
year, and makes fifty-eight generations down to the present date. 

Philippe, founder of the American family (1621), was in the 
thirty-third generation from Charlemagne, from whom also the 
family claims descent. Without entering into any discussion as 
to far-away times, it is sufficient to say here that the record 
is complete and authentic for eight hundred years. In the middle 
ages, it was one of the great families of Burgundy and Flanders. 



WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 597 

We come upon it under the name of de Lannoy and De La Noye. 
When Charles the Bold was Duke of Burgundy, no family ranked 
higher or was nearer to the throne than the De La Noyes. In 
those middle ages there was a very close connection with the 
French family of Baudouin, now represented in America by the 
Bowdoins. 

The American Delano family was founded by Philippe De 
La Noye, born in Leyden, Holland, in 1602, baptized in 1603 and 
died in Bridgewater, Massachusetts, about 1681, aged seventy- 
nine years. He came to Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1621, the 
first year after its settlement. He was married twice: first, at 
Duxbury, December 19, 1634, to Hester Dewsbury, of Duxbury, 
and secondly, in the same town, in 1657, to Mary Pontus, widow 
of James Glass and a daughter of William Pontus. He had 
nine children, eight by his first wife and one by his second. This 
Philippe was a son of Jean and Marie De La Noye, French 
Huguenots, who moved from France to Leyden to escape religious 
persecutions. He was baptized in the Walloon Church. Philippe 
came to Massachusetts on the ship "Fortune/ 7 of fifty-five tons 
burden. Not many of us would care at this time to navigate the 
Atlantic in ships of that size. The Pilgrim fathers promptly 
changed the spelling of the name to Delano, which conformed 
closely to the French pronunciation, and it is by this American 
form of the name that we know the family. 

After years of residence at Duxbury, he moved to Bridge- 
water, where he died. Our space will not permit more than the 
briefest mention of the various generations from Philippe to 
William J. Delano. The second of his nine children was Doctor 
Thomas Delano, born in Duxbury, March 21, 1642, who died in 
the same place April 13, 1723. He was a physician, tailor, sur- 
veyor and constable. One gets from this list of occupations an 
idea both of the adaptability and of the democracy of the Pil- 
grim fathers. 

He married, first, in 1667, Mary Alden, daughter of John and 
Priscilla (Mullins) Alden, and after her death, in 1688, he mar- 
ried, on October 24, 1699, Hannah Bartlett, widow of Ebenezar. 
He had eight children by his first wife. His first wife was the 
daughter of the heroine of the famous story by Longfellow en- 
titled "Courtship of Miles Standish." Of the eight children of 
Doctor Thomas Delano, Jonathan, Sr., was the third. He was 
born at Duxbury in 1676, and married, on January 12, 1699, 
Hannah Doten, or Dotey, daughter of Thomas and Mary (Church- 
hill) Doten. 

Jonathan was the father of eleven children. He was a prom- 
inent man in his generation, took a very active part in town 
affairs, and seems to have enjoyed a large measure of influence. 
Of his eleven children, Amaziah was the sixth, born August 7, 



598 WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 

1709, and died August 5, 1790. He married, January 8, 1730, 
Ruth, daughter of Abraham and Penelope Sampson, who was 
born July 2, 1713. They had ten children. Of these, Cornelius, 
was fifth in order. He was born October 10, 1742, and 
died in Duxbury, April 29, 1801. He was a shipsmith by 
trade. In 1773 he joined the first "minute company of 
militia" raised in Duxbury, which finally grew into a regiment 
of which Cornelius was chosen as ensign of the second company. 
He married at Duxbury,. June 24, 1762, Sarah, daughter of Reu- 
ben and Rebecca (Simmons) Peterson. They had nine chil- 
dren. Of these children, Captain George Delano, born July 27, 
1784, was the youngest. He was the founder of the Virginia 
family. He was in charge of a woolen factory in Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, about the beginning of the last century. In the 
War of 1812 he ran a packet ship to Charleston, South Carolina, 
with supplies. 

He was twice married, first at Plymouth, Massachusetts, 
January 1, 1801, to Lydia, daughter of Thomas and Lydia (Trib- 
ble) Burgess. In 1820 Captain George Delano settled in Vir- 
ginia near Oldhams. His first wife died in 1823, and he mar- 
ried at Leonardtown, Maryland, Nancy, daughter of Joseph and 
Polly (Holavy) Davis. Of his two marriages nineteen children 
were born. Evidently Captain George was the dean of this 
branch of the Delano family in the matter of children. 

Joseph Patterson, the tenth of Captain George's nineteen 
children, was born at Oldhams September 20, 1824. He was 
twice married: first at Warsaw, Virginia, August 29, 1847, to 
Lucinda, daughter of Moses and Mary (Smith) Self, who died 
January 18, 1871. He married secondly, on May 18, 1878, Ella, 
daughter of James and Susan (Moore) Sisson. Of the ten chil- 
dren of Joseph Patterson Delano, William Joseph Delano, born 
December 10, 1855, is the fourth in order, and is the principal 
subject of this sketch, being in the eighth generation from Phil- 
ippe, the immigrant. 

It is perhaps within bounds to say that no one of the Colonial 
forefathers of America has to-day more living descendants than 
Philippe Delano. They have been noted for large families, and 
the number now runs literally into thousands. In these eight 
generations they have spread over the entire country, and every- 
where have been splendid citizens, contributing largely to the 
development of every section in which they have settled. In many 
respects they have retained characteristics which are so pro- 
nounced among the French people, industry, thrift, temperance 
and courage. In all our wars they have been well represented. 
Rarely have they been office seekers. In all this numerous family, 
there have been since the establishment of the Republic but three 
men prominent in official life. 



WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 599 

Columbus Delano, born in Vermont and moved to Ohio, was 
a member of Congress and served under President Grant as 
Secretary of the Interior. Charles Delano, of Massachusetts, 
represented his State in the Federal Congress, and Milton Delano, 
of New York, after two terms in the Federal Congress, declined 
a renomination and retired from politics. It must not be in- 
ferred from this that the Delanos lack interest in public affairs, 
but it is simply that their tastes do not seem to run in the direc- 
tion of public office. 

The American compiler of the Delano Book, Major Joel 
Andrew Delano, was born in Vermont, but became a citizen of 
Michigan. His own account of himself is very interesting. 
Reared on a farm, he says, his education consisted of reading, 
writing and cyphering, with a sprinkle of geography and gram- 
mar thrown in. He was engaged in the tailoring business, and 
followed it for several years. Then he tells that the roving dis- 
position which was the feature in the character of many of the 
Delanos, led him to fare forth and seek adventure. He joined 
the regular United States Army in 1856. He shared in some 
Indian campaigns and in the Utah expedition. His first enlist- 
ment had just expired as the Civil War was starting. He helped 
to organize a company, of which he became Second Lieutenant, 
and which became known as Company "F," Fifty-First Indiana 
Kegiment. He served through the war until May, 1863, when 
he was captured and remained in prison for twenty-two months, 
and was paroled just a few weeks before the end of the war. 
He rose to the rank of Major, became interested in his family 
history in 1889 and spent the ten years ensuing in the compila- 
tion of the Delano Book, which will stand as a perpetual monu- 
ment to his faithful research, industry and patience. 

Another most useful member of the family was Professor 
Edward Chandler Delano, of New York, who after seven years 
as a public school teacher was made School Commissioner of 
Wayne County, New York, with one hundred and eighteen schools 
under his care. His work there was so remarkably successful as 
to attract widespread attention, and he became President of the 
New York State Association of School Commissioners and City 
Superintendent. His work grew in public esteem until, when the 
Bureau of Examinations was created in the State Department of 
Public Instruction, he was called to become its first chief, and 
organized the system along lines which have been found most 
efficient for the last twenty-five years. 

Mortimer Delano de Lannoy, compiler of the European end 
of the Delano Book, a splendid scholar and a most competent 
genealogist, has been referred to. His article on the inherited 
right to bear coat armor in America is probably the best that 
has ever been written along that line. 



600 WILLIAM JOSEPH DELANO 

It would take a volume to write the worthy deeds of the 
notable members of this family, but the few incidents here quoted 
illustrate the temperament of the Delano men, which in all fair- 
ness it must be said is shared by the women whose children have 
quite as good records as have been made by the descendants of 
the male line. 



iBJJC 



THOMAS CRAWFORD LEAKE 

ESSENTIALLY a gentleman, courteous and considerate; an 
important manufacturer of useful, high-grade products, 
ranking high in the esteem and confidence of the profes- 
sion and of the public generally ; a keen, yet kind, business 
man of initiative and resource; an ardent sportsman with an 
intense love of the great, healthful out-of-doors ; a real leader in 
the industrial development and progress of the South, such was, 
in brief, the late Thomas Crawford Leake, of Kockingham, North 
Carolina, whose portrait adorns a subsequent page. 

The advantages which he derived from a careful home dis- 
cipline and from the thorough character of his school traini